15: ADVANCED FOSSIL ENERGY SEPARATIONS AND ANALYSIS RESEARCH
Description: For the foreseeable future, the energy needed to sustain economic growth will continue to come largely from hydrocarbon fuels. This topic addresses grant applications for the development of innovative, cost-effective technologies for improving the efficiency and environmental performance of advanced large scale industrial and utility fossil energy power systems, CO2 sequestration and natural gas recovery systems. Small scale applications, such as residential, commercial and transportation will not be considered. The topic serves as a bridge between basic science and the fabrication and testing of new technologies. The Instrumentation, Sensors & Control element focuses on the development of novel sensors critical to the implementation and optimization of advanced fossil fuel-based power generation systems, including new classes of sensors capable of monitoring key parameters (temperature, pressure, and gases) and operating in harsh environments. This involves development of innovative analytical techniques for on-line industrial use, along with technologies that meet the immediate high-priority measurement need.
b: Advanced Shale Gas Recovery Technologies for Horizontal Well Completion Optimization
Description: Proposals are sought to develop and test technologies that will reduce the amount of water needed for hydraulic fracturing when completing natural gas wells or that will improve the apparent low (<30%) natural gas and liquids recovery efficiency currently associated with horizontal, hydraulically fractured wells producing from shale formations. Proposals should focus on addressing a number of important areas where cost effective improvements may be possible (e.g., wellbore formation evaluation techniques, perforation selection strategies, fracturing fluid selection, and fracturing treatment design). The objective is to increase the efficiency of resource recovery on a per well basis and reduce the volume of fresh water required to produce a unit volume of natural gas.
Description: In addition to the specific subtopics listed above, the Department invites grant applications in other areas that fall within the scope of the topic description above.