FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR
- 19: ENHANCED AVAILABILITY OF CLIMATE MODEL OUTPUT
- Description: Federal investment in the development of climate and earth system models for scientific analysis is dominated by programmatic support from the Department of Energy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and National Science Foundation (NSF). Model output resulting from climate change projections is a valuable resource and the DOE has played a crucial role in providing the research and stakeholder communities with datasets containing ensemble runs produced by climate modeling centers that are combined with data sets used for validation and uncertainty analysis. More specifically, the DOE-supported Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI) (http:--www-pcmdi.llnl.gov-ipcc-about_ipcc.php) makes available multi-model output derived from all major climate modeling centers worldwide, to researchers for non-commercial purposes only; however, other users, particularly non-researchers who wish to use the data for commercial purposes, have only limited access to multi-model data sets, i.e., given restrictions imposed by some modeling centers for commercialization. As the temporal and spatial resolution of models increases, and as improved downscaling techniques become available from both the public and private sectors, vastly more amounts of climate model output will be generated, some of which allows commercial use and others with more restricted access.
- b: Accessibility of Integrated Assessment Models, Data, and Tools to Non Researchers
- Description: The purpose of this subtopic is to improve the accessibility of Integrated Assessment data, models, and tools to non-researchers, including improved interfaces and visualization systems for conducting analyses and interpreting data. In particular, efforts should seek to develop and-or improve capabilities for accessing information in ways that accommodate the needs of various sectors, cross-sectoral topics, and spatial and temporal scales that are possible with global, national, and regional integrated assessment models, such as the Global Change Assessment Model, the Integrated Global System Model, the Regional Integrated Assessment Model, and corresponding, broader, inter-model comparison efforts. Additionally, efforts may include focus on the new class of DOE sponsored multi-sector, multi-stressor impact, adaptation, and vulnerability (IAV) model , in particular the Critical Infrastructure Protection Model.
- c: Develop Modeling Capabilities and Tools that will Facilitate a Better Linkage Between Global and Regional Climate Model Output and Wind-Energy Stakeholders
- Description: There is a wide range of uncertainties in general circulation and regional climate models that make them unsuitable for direct use in the design and planning of wind-energy systems. In addition, the global climate model output resolution is much too coarse for use by wind energy planners. Modeling tools that are capable of converting the output of global models to local scales and enable better understanding of the interaction between wind farms and regional climate are invited as part of this grant application request. Model output can also be used in conjunction with observations to enable a better characterization of the interaction between wind plants and local-regional-global climate. Applications that can identify and reduce the largest sources of uncertainty to enable an efficient use of future wind predictions are invited. An assessment of the nature and likelihood of extreme wind events in the current and future climate should help protect national investments in wind energy resources. To summarize, the effect of climatology, climate change, and extremes on wind farms and-or the effect of wind farms on regional climate is an important part of this solicitation.
- d: Other
- Description: In addition to the specific subtopics listed above, the Department invites grant applications in other areas that fall within the scope of the topic description above.