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An Endothelial Progenitor Cell-Specific Nanofibrous Vascular Graft

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
89288
Program Year/Program:
2008 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
HL090068
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
BIOSURFACES
200 Homer Avenue, Unit 1P ASHLAND, MA -
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2008
Title: An Endothelial Progenitor Cell-Specific Nanofibrous Vascular Graft
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R43HL090068-01A1
Award Amount: $499,998.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Over 60,000 prosthetic grafts, which are comprised of either polyethylene terephthalate (polyester) or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), are implanted in the United States each year. Medium (6-8mm) internal dia meter (I.D.) prosthetic arterial grafts continue to have unacceptably high failure rates when used in the clinical setting. Currently, there is no small- diameter prosthetic arterial graft clinically accepted for use in the peripheral circulation (below kn ee popliteal) and coronary vessels, which affects over 500,000 patients each year. The two major complications associated with these grafts are acute thromboses and incomplete, unregulated cellular healing. This failure is attributed to the lack of endothe lial cells at the biomaterial/blood interface, a lining that normal blood vessels possess. The goal of this two-year Phase I project is to synthesize and characterize in vitro a novel nanofibrous vascular graft material using our electrospinning and immobi lization technology that would direct rapid adhesion and subsequent growth of circulating progenitor and more mature endothelial cells upon contact with the material. Our hypothesis is that immobilization of the endothelial-cell specific lectin Ulex europa eus-I (UEL-I) into the nanofibrous graft matrix will provide anchor sites in order to enhance cell-specific attachment and stabilize these cells the nanofibrous surface that will be under shear forces, thereby promoting cellular growth across the materia l surface. The specific objectives of this proposal are to: 1) synthesize a nanofibrous polyester material containing immobilized UEL-I (nEDA-UEL-I material), 2) evaluate physical properties of nEDA-UEL-I, 3) confirm binding site accessibility on nEDA-UEL- I, 4) assess UEL-I stability under simulated arterial flow conditions, 5) determine inherent UEL-I binding affinity for various cell types and 6) examine cell binding, retention and growth by nEDA-UEL-I. Development of a nanofibrous bioactive vascular graf t would have a significant impact on small vessel repair and replacement. These grafts could be utilized in peripheral bypass (specifically below-knee) as well as for coronary artery bypass. Thus, the potential annual market value for an off-the-shelf sy nthetic small-diameter arterial bypass graft could exceed 1.5 billion. In Phase II, nEDA-UEL-I grafts will undergo acute and chronic implantation in an arterial grafting model in order to assess long-term patency and overall healing characteristics. Over 60,000 prosthetic grafts, which are comprised of either polyethylene terephthalate (polyester) or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE), are implanted in the United States each year. The two major complications associated with these grafts are acute th romboses and incomplete, unregulated cellular healing. This failure is attributed to the lack of endothelial cells at the biomaterial/blood interface, a lining that normal blood vessels possess. Development of a nanofibrous bioactive vascular graft that wo uld direct appropriate cell adhesion and growth would have a significant impact on small vessel repair and replacement. Thus, the potential annual market value for an off-the-shelf synthetic small-diameter arterial bypass graft could exceed 1.5 billion.

Principal Investigator:

Business Contact:


biosurfaces@verizon.net
Small Business Information at Submission:

BIOSURFACES
BIOSURFACES, INC. 171 MAIN STREET, SUITE 302 ASHLAND, MA 01721

EIN/Tax ID: 028600865
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No