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Company Information:

Company Name: Black Forest Engineering, LLC
City: Colorado Springs
State: CO
Zip+4: -
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Website URL: http://www.bfe.com
Phone: (719) 593-9501

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $1,474,254.00 17
SBIR Phase II $8,181,168.00 11
STTR Phase I $99,965.00 1
STTR Phase II $749,975.00 1

Award List:

Pixel Level Gamma-spike Deletion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema
Award Amount: $51,443.00
Abstract:
Sensitive operation of passive sensors in a radiation environment requires a means to eliminate the signals caused by ionizing radiation. Black Forest Engineering proposes a signal processing technique to delete these gamma-spike signals that can be integrated into each unit cell of an infrared… More

Low X-Ray Dose Digital Mammography System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Low X-Ray Dose Digital Mammography System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema
Award Amount: $739,325.00
Abstract:
The long term objective is to develop x-ray systems that will minimize x-ray radiation dose to the patient during clinical diagnosis and routine screening, while maximizing the usefulness of data by applying advanced sensing and signal processing techniques. Near theoretical limit x-ray sensitivity… More

Large Format Uncooled Focal Plane Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,431.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane arrays have improved dramatically and array sizes of 320x240 elements in a 50-?m pitch are commercially available at affordable cost. Black Forest Engineering proposes to design a readout integrated circuit to allow fabrication of a large format 1024x768 element uncooled sensor.… More

Large Format Uncooled Focal Plane Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tyler Erickson, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,974.00
Abstract:
Black Forest Engineering has identified innovative modifications in uncooled focal plane array (UFPA) architecture and processing that allows development of large format long wavelength infrared (8-14 ?m) imaging sensors to meet future NASA system requirements for a light weight, low power, and… More

Uncooled Midwave Focal Plane Array (FPA) and Camera for RPG Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $69,963.00
Abstract:
Uncooled Focal Plane Array (UFPA) technology has evolved such that high performance can be achieved in both the medium wavelength infrared (MWIR 3-5 micron) and long wavelength infrared (LWIR 8-14 micron) bands. The main reason for this performance improvement has been increased thermal isolation of… More

Uncooled Midwave Focal Plane Array (FPA) and Camera for RPG Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $638,902.00
Abstract:
Resistive bolometer capability has evolved such that low noise equivalent temperature difference (NETD) can be achieved on a single focal plane array in both the 3-5 µm (MWIR) and 8-13 µm (BBIR) wavelength bands. The objective of this Phase II development is to build a prototype infrared camera… More

Miniaturized Infrared Imaging Camera for Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steve Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $99,948.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane array technology, based on micro-bolometer thermal detectors, has evolved such that high performance can be achieved in both the medium wavelength infrared (MWIR) and long wavelength infrared (LWIR) bands with small pixel pitch, large array format and fast thermal time constant.… More

Multiband Infrared Focal Plane Array for Seeker Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Steve Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $99,940.00
Abstract:
Improved interceptor seeker capability to detect, identify, and discriminate re-entry vehicles (RV's) from countermeasures at distances of hundreds of kilometers is critical for missile defense. Development of an advanced infrared seeker combining high-spatial resolution with multiband detection for… More

Ultra-lightweight Infrared Camera

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $98,995.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane array (FPA) technology has evolved such that high performance is achieved in the long wavelength infrared (LWIR) band with small pixel pitch. Small pitch, = 17 um, allows reduction in optics size and weight. Innovative folded reflective optics allows further reduction in optics… More

Large Format Uncooled Focal Plane Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane array (FPA) technology has evolved such that high performance is achieved in the long wavelength infrared (LWIR) with small pixel pitch and fast time constant. Small pitch allows high resolution with reduction in optics size and weight. Black Forest Engineering (BFE) has… More

Cooled Bolometer IR Monolithic FPA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steve D. Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,904.00
Abstract:
Future space-based observatories imaging in the 4-40 ýým spectral regime will be passively cooled. The objective of this research effort is to demonstrate near theoretical performance of bolometer-based infrared focal plane arrays (FPAs) covering the 4-40 ýým wavelength region by operating the… More

Miniaturized Infrared Imaging Camera for Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $747,202.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane array (FPA) technology, based on a-Si:H micro-bolometer thermal detectors, has evolved such that high performance can be achieved with small pixel pitch, large array format and fast thermal time constant. This improved FPA sensor technology allows development of miniaturized… More

Low Power X-Ray Photon Resolving Imaging Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,957.00
Abstract:
Instruments employing X-ray detection are countless, in different sectors from medicine to industry and from basic to applied science. Given this importance, and despite existing technologies, there is still need for X-ray detection with increased system performance. The solid-state detector array… More

Large Format Uncooled Focal Plane Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stepen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $759,769.00
Abstract:
Uncooled focal plane array (FPA) technology has evolved such that good performance can be achieved in the long wavelength infrared with 17 micron pixel pitch if noise is not limited by readout circuits. Improved bolometer bias and signal processing readout circuitry was demonstrated by design and… More

Low Power X-Ray Photon Resolving Imaging Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,407.00
Abstract:
The solid-state detector array is the primary technology to implement the current generation of space borne high-energy astronomy missions that are managed by NASA in partnership with the international community. Readout integrated circuitry (ROIC) specifically designed for photon resolving X-ray… More

Ultra-lightweight Infrared Camera

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $739,344.00
Abstract:
Small UAVs have more than proven their value in the military world and will also be utilized for homeland applications such as border security, law enforcement and situational awareness. Future micro-UAVs (MUAVs) will offer greater utility and lower cost and at the same time require reduced size,… More

Design Modified Commercial CMOS for MDA IR FPAs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $99,912.00
Abstract:
Missile Defense Agency (MDA) requires high performance, high sensitivity and low noise infrared sensors for space based sensing applications that operate in environments where radiation hardness is essential to mission operation. Radiation hard by design (RHBD) readout integrated circuits (ROICs)… More

MEMS based thermopile infrared detector array for chemical and biological sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Case Western Reserve University
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $99,965.00
RI Contact: Derek M. Humphrey
Abstract:
Thermopile arrays manufactured using integrated process compatible materials and micro-machining will provide high performance with low manufacturing cost. Black Forest Engineering (BFE) teamed with Case Western Reserve University will design thermopiles using silicon based semiconductors and… More

Thermopile Detector Radiation Hardened Readout

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steve Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
The Europa Jupiter System Mission (EJSM) will provide a better understanding as to how gas giant planets and their satellites form and evolve. The Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) is the NASA element of the EJSM. JEO will be built to withstand the intense radiation in Europa orbit and the JEO payload… More

Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $69,867.00
Abstract:
The Dual Band Compact Hyperspectral Imager (DBCHI) delivers high performance, co-registered, simultaneous MWIR & LWIR hyperspectral data from a compact, man-portable sensor. The DBCHI sensor currently employs a dual band focal plane array (FPA) designed to operate in a broadband flux environment.… More

Design Modified Commercial CMOS for MDA IR FPAs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $1,199,782.00
Abstract:
Foreign missile threat will increase as ballistic missile technology becomes available on an international scale. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) requires high performance, high sensitivity and low noise infrared sensors for space based sensing applications that operate in environments where radiation… More

Advanced Readout Development for High Performance Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared Photoconductors Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President
Award Amount: $69,987.00
Abstract:
Black Forest Engineering has developed readout integrated circuit (ROIC) methods that provide large charge integration capability in a small pixel pitch. A small pixel pitch allows high image resolution and large image formats with significant reduction in optics size and weight. The large charge… More

Thermopile Detector Radiation Hardened Readout

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,938.00
Abstract:
The NASA Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO) conceptual payload contains a thermal instrument with six different spectral bands ranging from 8µm to 100ìm. The thermal instrument is based on multiple linear arrays of thermopile detectors that are intrinsically radiation hard; however, the thermopile… More

Radiation Hardened Bolometer Linear Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
NASA has developed space-based thermal instrument spectrometers based on thermopile detectors linear arrays that are intrinsically radiation hard. Micro-bolometers are known to offer very high sensitivity due to high thermal isolation and low thermal mass however are at present inferior to… More

Advanced Readout Development for High Performance Corrugated Quantum Well Infrared Photoconductors Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President – (719) 593-9501
Award Amount: $777,866.00
Abstract:
Black Forest Engineering (BFE) has developed readout integrated circuit (ROIC) methods that provide large charge integration capability in a small pixel pitch. Small pixel pitch allows high image resolution and large image formats with significant reduction in optics size and weight. The large… More

Large Format Dual Band FPA ROIC for Low Flux Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gregory Pauls, Chief Engineer – (719) 593-9501
Award Amount: $779,659.00
Abstract:
The Dual Band Compact Hyperspectral Imager (DBCHI) delivers high performance, co-registered medium and long wavelength hyperspectral data from a compact, man-portable sensor. The existing DBCHI dual band focal plane array (FPA) is designed to operate in a broadband tactical flux environment, uses a… More

MEMS based thermopile infrared detector array for chemical and biological sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Case Western University
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, President – (719) 593-9501
Award Amount: $749,975.00
RI Contact: Carol Schwendeman
Abstract:
Thermopile infrared linear arrays manufactured using CMOS integrated circuit processes and micro-machining will provide high performance sensing with low manufacturing cost. Black Forest Engineering (BFE) teamed with Case Western Reserve University will d

Digital Readout Infrared Focal Plane Array

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Steve Gaalema, President – (719) 593-9501
Award Amount: $99,967.00
Abstract:
Dual band infrared sensors are important components for future ballistic missile defense systems. Digital readout integrated circuits (DROICs), compared to analog ROIC architectures, allow on-chip processing, increased dynamic range and increased signal to noise ratio. Deep submicron CMOS provides… More

Thermopile Area Array Readout

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gaalema, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,964.00
Abstract:
NASA/JPL thermopile detector linear arrays, wire bonded to Black Forest Engineering (BFE) CMOS readout integrated circuits (ROICs), have been utilized in NASA missions such as the Mars Climate Sounder and the Diviner Lunar Radiometer Experiment. Linear array thermopile detectors are fabricated by… More