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PHASE I - LASER FOR PHOTOMEDICAL SELECTIVE PHOTOTHERMOLYSIS

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
438
Program Year/Program:
1984 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
438
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
CANDELA CORPORATION
530 BOSTON POST ROAD WAYLAND, MA 01778
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 1984
Title: PHASE I - LASER FOR PHOTOMEDICAL SELECTIVE PHOTOTHERMOLYSIS
Agency: HHS
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $424,801.00
 

Abstract:

APPROXIMATELY 5% OF THE U.S. POPULATION HAVE DISFIGURING BIRTHMARKS. RECENTLY, LASERS HAVE BEEN USED TO HEAT AND DESTROY NEVUS FLAMMEUS, A COMMON CONGENITAL HEMANGIOMA, MOSTOFTEN CALLED PORT WINE STAIN (PWS). NOT ALL PWS BIRTHMARKS RESPOND TO TREATMENT WITH THE COMMONLY USED ARGON-ION LASER.OLDER PATIENTS AND THOSE WITH PURPLE LESIONS RESPOND BETTER AND WITH LESS RISK THAN YOUNGER PATIENTS OR THOSE WITH PINK LESIONS. PRESENT LASER TREATMENT OF PWS BIRTHMARKS MAY LEADTO SCARRING, DESTRUCTION OF THE EPIDERMIS INFECTION, AND LOSS OF NORMAL MELANIN PIGMENTATION. A LASER TECHNIQUE CALLED "SELECTIVE PHOTOTHERMOLYSIS" HAS BEEN ADVOCATED FOR THE TREATMENT OF PWS BIRTHMARKS BY A RESEARCH GROUP AT MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL. WITH THE PROPER CHOICE OF COLOR AND PULSE DURATION OF LASER, TARGETED TISSUE CAN BE IRRADIATED SPECIFICALLY AND HEATED TO A NARROWLY DEFINED TEMPERATURE RANGE TO CAUSE DENATURATION WITHOUT VAPORIZATIONOF SPECIFIC, TINY BLOOD VESSELS CAUSING PWS. DAMAGE TO SURROUNDING TISSUE IS AVOIDED. ALTHOUGH TARGET SPECIFICITY OF BLOOD VESSELS HAS BEEN DEMONSTRATED WITH THIS TECHNIQUE, THE CONCEPT HAS NOT BEEN APPLIED CLINICALLY BECAUSE NO IDEALLASER HAS BEEN AVAILABLE. A LASER WITH THE PROPER PROPERTIES FOR SELECTIVE PHOTOTHERMOLYSIS CAN BE DEVELOPED BY EXTENDING THE PULSE DURATION OF A FLASHLAMP EXCITED DYE LASER. RESEARCH IS REQUIRED TO DEVELOP THIS LASER, BUT THE PROBLEM AREAS HAVE BEEN DEFINED AND REASONABLE APPROACHES TOOVERCOME THE DIFFICULTIES ARE AVAILABLE. THE APPROPRIATE NIGMS PROGRAM TO MONITOR THIS RESEARCH IS THE PHYSIOLOGY ANDBIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING PROGRAM. RESEARCH ON THE MECHANISMS THAT LIMIT DYE LASER PULSE DURATION SUCH AS TRIPLET QUENCHING AND THERMAL DISTORTION IS PROPOSED. A NOVEL LASERRESONATOR CONFIGURATION HAS RECENTLY BEEN DEVISED THAT MINIMIZES THE EFFECTS OF THERMAL DISTORTION AND SHOULD ALLOWLONGER PULSES. A RESEARCH PROTOTYPE LASER WILL BE ASSEMBLEDBASED ON THE FINDINGS OF THE RESEARCH PROGRAM AND TURNED OVER TO THE WELLMAN LASER LABORATORY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL'S DERMATOLOGY DEPARTMENT FOR EVALUATION. THEIR EVALUATION WILL COMPRISE PART OF THE FINAL REPORT FOR PHASE I. IF THE EVALUATION IS POSITIVE, A PHASE II PROGRAM TO DEVELOP A THERAPEUTIC LASER WILL BE PROPOSED. A MARKET STUDY BY BOSTON COLLEGE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT HAS SHOWN THAT THERE MAY BE AS MUCH AS A $20 MILLION MARKET FOR LASERS FOR TREATMENT OF PWS. THE DEMAND FOR A SELECTIVE PHOTOTHERMOLYSIS LASER USABLE IN THE TREATMENT OF OTHER AILMENTS HAS NOT BEEN STUDIED BUT IS EXPECTED TO BE MANY TIMES GREATER THAN THAT FOR PWS.

Principal Investigator:

Horace Wataru Furumoto
6176537373

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Candela Corp.
96 South Ave. Natick, MA 01760

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No