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Company Information:

Name: Charles River Analytics Inc.
Address: 625 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-4555
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
Phone: (617) 491-3474

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $34,498,038.95 367
SBIR Phase II $105,287,435.05 148
STTR Phase I $3,013,021.00 34
STTR Phase II $10,342,649.00 14

Award List:

THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF THE PHASE I EFFORT IS TO EVALUATE THE FEASIBILITY OF DEVELOPING AN ON-BOARD FLOW-FIELD PASSIVE RANGING SYSTEM FOR USE IN TACTICAL MISSILE GUIDANCE.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. greg zacharias
Award Amount: $49,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the phase i effort is to evaluate the feasibility of developing an on-board flow-field passive ranging system for use in tactical missile guidance. the basic technique proposed for study uses the flow-field information implicit in all passively-imaged dynamic scenes, to… More

THE PRIMARY OBJECTIVE OF THIS STUDY IS TO EVALUATE THE FEASIBILITY OF DEVELOPING A REAL-TIME 3-D DYNAMIC ROBOT VISION SYSTEM FOR USE STS ASSEMBLY, CONSTRUCTION, AND ROUTINE MAINTENANCE.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr greg l zacharias , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,927.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a real-time 3-d dynamic robot vision system for use sts assembly, construction, and routine maintenance. the basic technique proposed for study uses the "flow-field" information implicit in all imaged scenes involving… More

MODEL-BASED METHODOLOGY FOR TERRAIN-FOLLOWING DISPLAY DESIGN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $49,962.00

MODEL-BASED METHODOLOGY FOR TERRAIN-FOLLOWING DISPLAY DESIGN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $496,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a model-based methodology for terrain-following display design and evaluation. the basic approach centers on the development of a pilot/system model that integrates general knowledge of human perception and performance… More

AS MORE AND MORE WEAPON SYSTEMS EMPLOY CRUCIAL DIGITAL SYSTEMS IN THEIR ARCHITECTURES, COMPUTING SYSTEM RELIABILITY IS BECOMING AN EVER INCREASING PART OF THE OVERALL WEAPON SYSTEMS RELIABILITY.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr alpher k caglayan
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
As more and more weapon systems employ crucial digital systems in their architectures, computing system reliability is becoming an ever increasing part of the overall weapon systems reliability. in contrast to the reliability levels attained in computer hardware, software development is not as… More

SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Microwave landing system will increase the safety of terminal area navigation, and the efficiency of airspace utilization at congested airports with the use of navigationsystems blending mls position information with that provided by on-board sensors. the objective of thisstudy is to develop low… More

MODEL-BASED PROTOCOL FOR OPTIMIZED LEARNING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg l zacharias
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a model-based protocol for optimized instruction. the basic technique centers on the uses of the optimal control model (ocm) of the human operator, an information-processing model of skilled human behavior whose… More

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS METRIC FOR COCKPIT INTERFACE EVALUATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIERARCHICAL DAMAGE TOLERANT CONTROLLERS FOR SMART STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

EXPERT SYSTEMS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

EXPERT SYSTEMS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The major deficiencies in current real-time automatic fault diagnosis applications for aerospace systems are the high rate of false alarms, and the maintenance problems caused byintermittent failures. these deficiencies are due to the inaccuracy of the underlying numerical model on which the fault… More

HIERARCHICAL DAMAGE TOLERANT CONTROLLERS FOR SMART STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
A smart aerospace structure which can detect and isolate structural damage in real-time and provide on-line reconfiguration of the structure's control system under the detected impairment conditions would significantly boost the reliability, maintainability and performance of current and proposed… More

AN INVESTIGATION OF FUNCTIONAL AND RELIABILITY TESTING FOR PARALLEL SOFTWARE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
With advantages in vlsi and parallel processing technology, it is now feasible to build complex computers with architectures ranging from coarse-grain to fine-grain parallel systems. however, the production of high quality software matching the high performance potential of these parallel… More

AN EXPERT SYSTEM APPROACH TO GLOBAL FAULT DETECTION AND ISOLATION DESIGN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Reconfigurable flight control systems compensate for the effects of onboard hardware failure and surface damage conditions using information supplied by a global fault detection and isolation system. a global fdi algorithm performs its function by assessing the global effects of a hardware fault and… More

EEG-BASED METRIC FOR FLIGHT DECK WORKLOAD ASSESSMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The phase i effort will evaluate feasibility of developing an electroencephalograph (eeg) based real-time metric for use in flight deck workload assessment and future self-adaptive automated cockpits. the approach will center on the use of the steady-state visual evoked response (ssver), and involve… More

DYNAMIC PROCESSOR FOR PASSIVE RF RANGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the phase i effort is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a dynamic processor of single-platform passive radio frequency (rf) measurements, for real-time estimation of range and location of threat emitters. the basic approach proposed for study is based on a two-stage… More

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS METRIC FOR COCKPIT INTERFACE EVALUATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the phase i effort is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a situational awareness metric for advanced cockpit configuration evaluation. the approach will center on the specification and use of an integrated human-machine model of the overall crew/vehicle system, and… More

AN ALTERNATIVE CONCEPT FOR AEROASSISTED ORBITAL TRANSFERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Recent research has indicated the potential benefits of aeroassisted orbital transfer maneuvers for realizing significant fuel saving over purely propulsive maneuvers for both coplanar and planar transfer using approximate closed-loop guidance laws and/or numerical optimization algorithms. this… More

A PRACTICAL APPROACH TO HIGH AVAILABILITY TACTICAL SYSTEM SOFTWARE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Since software is a crucial component of tactical systems, the reliability and availability of tactical system software is critical in the field. in improving software reliability, the use of formal software engineering methodologies and the use of ada which supports and enforces modern software… More

A NEURAL NET APPROACH TO SPACE VEHICLE GUIDANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Alper K. Caglayan , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A NEURAL NET APPROACH TO SPACE VEHICLE GUIDANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Alper K. Caglayan , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $496,069.00
Abstract:
The on-line implementation of numerical algorithms for solving the optimum trajectory/guidance problem for advanced space vehicles such as als, hllv, aotv, transatmospheric vehicles and interplanetary spacecraft is not possible due to their complexity. hence, the current approach to the development… More

A HYBRID NEURAL NETWORK/EXPERT SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The integration of artificial neural networks (anns) and knowledge-based expert systems is an ideal step in the development of intelligent systems. in general, the two methods complement each other, with the anns providing soft constraints and expert systems, hard constraints. specifically, anns… More

A NEURAL NETWORK APPROACH TO NUCLEAR PLANT MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James M Mazzu , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

PASSIVE SENSOR ALTITUDE AND TERRAIN AWARENESS SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A HYBRID NEURAL NETWORK/EXPERT SYSTEM APPROACH TO MULTIPLE TARGET RECOGNITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A TESTING METHODOLOGY FOR HIGH RELIABILITY SOFTWARE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

PASSIVE SENSOR ALTITUDE AND TERRAIN AWARENESS SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $497,806.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the phase i study is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a passive optical sensor altitude and terrain awareness system (atas). the basic technique proposed for study makes use of the optical flowfield present in all passively-imaged dynamic scenes, to develop evolving… More

A NEURAL NETWORK APPROACH TO NUCLEAR PLANT MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James M Mazzu , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The major objective of nuclear plant monitoring systems is to enable the operator to make correct decisions that ensuresafe plant operations while providing a reliable energy source. the usual difficulties encountered by nuclear plant operators are incorrect assumptions of plant status, insufficient… More

A HYBRID NEURAL NETWORK/EXPERT SYSTEM APPROACH TO REMOTE SENSING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James M. Mazzu
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The integration of artificial neural networks (anns) and knowledge-based expert systems is an ideal step in the development of intelligent systems. in general, the two methods complement each other such that anns provide 'soft' constraints, while expert systems allow 'hard' constraints.… More

A TESTING METHODOLOGY FOR HIGH RELIABILITY SOFTWARE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $495,200.00
Abstract:
Since software is a crucial component of current engineeringsystems, high-reliability software is required for nasa programs. the use of formal software engineering principlesand of case tools have yielded only modest progress in this area. the use of redundant software components is not… More

BACTERIORHODOSPIN SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATORS FOR OPTICAL PROCESSING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Alper K. Caglayan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A HYBRID NEURAL NETWORK/EXPERT SYSTEM APPROACH TO MULTIPLE TARGET RECOGNITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Alper K Caglayan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $513,126.00
Abstract:
Multiple target recognition systems are real-time information management systems which process ;ind assess multi-sensor data, and present the best options to a decision maker. the effectiveness of current multiple target recognition systems is limited by the increasing speed of modern weapon… More

OPERATOR-BASED METRIC FOR NUCLEAR OPERATIONS AUTOMATION ASSESSMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NRC
Principal Investigator: Dr Greg L Zacharias
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of the phase i effort is to develop, implement, and evaluate an operator-based metric for assessing future control room automation systems for commercial nuclear plant operations. the focus will be on automation's impact on operator underload and situation awareness (sa). the approach… More

HYBRID METHOD FOR ASSESSMENT OF COGNITIVE REHEARSAL PROFICIENCY MAINTENANCE.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Greg L Zacharias , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to identify the effect of cognitive rehearsal on regaining and maintaining flying skills. by cognitive rehearsal (cr) we mean activities performed by the faa inspector during flight proficiency checks such as checklist verification, verification of abnormal procedure execution, and the… More

Learning Agents for Tutoring Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Alper Caglayan
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Computerized training systems must adapt to individual learning styles, as required within Socratic dialogues; the Socratic dialogue has been well recognized as an ideal on-to-one teaching methodology. This dialogue is such that specific questions are directed to the individual student, eventually… More

Man-Machine Model for ATR Performance Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Hybrid Neural Network/Knowledge Base Automated Classification System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $59,623.00
Abstract:
We propose to design a hybrid neural network and knowledge base automatic classification system which dynamically constructs an optimal decision tree. Our proposed hybrid system offers several advantages. Expert system knowledge bases will be used to construct the decision hierarchy with neural… More

A Hybrid Neural/Fuzzy Limit Detection and Exceedence Prevention System for Helicopters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I study will evaluate the feasibility of using artificial neural networks (ANNs) for real-time detection of helicopter performance limit exceedance. We propose to integrate two complementary technologies: ANNs and fuzzy logic (FL). ANNs will be used to represent the complex… More

Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic for Battlefield Sensor Fusion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul G.gonsalves
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Today's battlefield environment poses an increasing challenge due to more sophisticated and capable threats. What is required is to find a method that can detect, classify, and engage targets using multisensor data in a timely, efficient manner and which is robust to countermeasures, environmental… More

Hybrid Methodology for Knowledge Elicitation and Mental Model Visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Agent Based Human Interfaces For Space Crews

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Alper K. Caglayan , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Model-Based Situation Awareness Metric for Air Superiority Scenarios

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $80,000.00

A Recurrent Neural Network/Expert System Approach to Automated Task Planning and Resource Allocation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sherif Botros , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Model-Based On-Line Cockpit Error Monitoring System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Information Filtering for Rapid Battlefield Visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias
Award Amount: $68,854.00

Model-Based Situation Awareness Metric for Air Superiority Scenarios

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The Phase I effort will assess the feasibility of developing a model-based metric for evaluating subsystem effectiveness in enhancing pilot situation awareness (SA) in air-to-air combat. The focus will be on subsystem contribution to pilot SA in the critical beyond-visual-range (BVR) to… More

Hybrid Methodology for Knowledge Elicitation and Mental Model Visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I project proposes to develop and demonstrate a hybrid methodology for mental model elicitation, construction, and refinement. The approach combines empirical knowledge elicitation techniques and graphical model visualization tools in a structured methodology. The knowledge elicitation… More

Man-Machine Model for ATR Performance Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the Phase I study is to establish the system architecture for an Automatic Target Recognizer Operator/System Model (ATR-OSM) for conducting system-level performance analyses of existing of planned ATR systems. The ATR-OSM architecture will make explicit representation of the… More

Framework for ATR Performance Prediction and Optimization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to design a performance prediction/optimization framework for Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithm suites. This framework will be applicable to individual algorithms, groups of algorithms, and whole ATR suites. For the ATR evaluator, it offers the ability to predict the potential… More

A Hybrid System for AI Enhanced Information Processing and Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a hybrid system incorporating expert systems, Bayesian belief networks, and case-based reasoning to support battlefield multisensor data fusion for situation assessment (SA). Expert systems will provide a framework for the system and give it the capacity to emulate the expert… More

Corse of Action Visualization and Analysis Workstation for the Battlefield Commander

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zacharias
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I effort propses to prototype and demonstrate a Course of ACtion Visualization and Analysis (COAVA) workstation for the brigade/battalion commander. The primary function of the workstation is to support the commander's assessment and planning functions by providing several related and… More

Evidential Reasoning and Model-Based Simulation for Battlefield Information Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Sandeep Mulgund
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Providing the commander with timely, accurate, and meaningful information is a critical problem in the design and deployment of battlefield information management systems. A methodology is needed for presenting the critical information in a situationally-relevant manner, to support the commander's… More

Automated Image Screening Software for Parallel Hardware

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $97,997.00
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase I proposal focuses on the development of a prototype automatic image screening system that runs multiple image transform and feature extraction algorithms in parallel. Expected advances in high performance parallel desktop computer hardware provide the potential to automatically… More

Distributed Multi-Agent System for Autonomous Satellite Telemetry Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $97,593.00

OLIPSA: On-Line Intelligent Processor for Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zachariasnd
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Situation-Driven Workload-Adaptive Pilot/Vehicle Interface

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Sandeep S. Mulgund
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Information Filtering for Rapid Battlefield Visualization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias
Award Amount: $736,265.00
Abstract:
The primary objective of the Phase I study is to develop a model-based Intelligent Information Filter and Situation Display IIFSD) for the battlefield commander. Operating in a high-tempo information-dense tactical environment, the IIFSD is envisioned as providing the commander with a means fo… More

Situation-Driven Workload-Adaptive Pilot/Vehicle Interface

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Sandeep S. Mulgund
Award Amount: $711,763.00
Abstract:
We propose to explore the feasibility of developing a pilot/vehicle interface (PVI) concept that uses a computational situation assessment (SA) model and pilot workload metrics to drive the content, format, and modality of military cockpit displays. Our proposed concept integrates two key… More

Distributed Multi-Agent System for Autonomous Satellite Telemetry Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $738,806.00
Abstract:
Intelligent agents offer an exciting opportunity to reengineer existing satellite operations by reducing workload and increasing productivity of ground operators, reducing telemetry processing, and automating command streams. Here, we propose a distributed multiple software agent system for… More

OLIPSA: On-Line Intelligent Processor for Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Greg L. Zachariasnd
Award Amount: $749,438.00
Abstract:
We propose to design, develop, and demonstrate a concept prototype for an On-Line Intelligent Processor for Situation Assessment (OLIPSA), to serve as a central processor generation military cockpit. The approach integrates several enabling technologies to perform the three essential… More

Modeling Cognitive Effects on Visual Target Acquisition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
We propose to design a model of visual target acquisition that can predict human performance in detecting low-contrast targets in complex scenes. This model will build on current state-of-the-art computational models of early human vision and visual search, and use proven cognitive modeling methods… More

Intelligent Fusion and Asset Management Processor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The management and dissemination of Inboard and offboard information and the associated situation assessment of the tactical picture and determination of the associated response is a major task for Air Force personnel. Significant effort has been made in countering this challenge with advances in… More

Case-Based Reasoning Tool for Command and Control Warfare Strategy Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Christine Illgen
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
This Phase I effort proposes to prototype and demonstrate a Case-Based Reasoning Tool for Command and Control Warfare (C2W) Strategy Development. Our effort is motivated by the need to thoroughly understand and graphically depict vulnerabilities in the information battle space since Intelligence… More

Intelligent Learning Agent System for Advanced Targeting Decision-Aiding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The digitization of the tactical military environment with its concomitant increase in accessible information provides an opportunity to enhance decision-aiding capabilities of advanced Navy targeting systems. An approach employing intelligent software agents can facilitate enhanced decision-aiding… More

Air Combat Tactics Optimization Using Genetic Algorithms (ACTOGA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to investigate the feasibility of using stochastic genetic algorithms (GAs) for the development and optimization of air combat tactics for large MvN engagements. Stochastic GAs, which encode each optimizing parameter as a Gaussian region rather than a fixed value, offer several benefits… More

An Intelligent Agent System For Spacecraft Onboard Data Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Agent-Based Performance Assessment Tool For General Aviation Operations Under Free Flight

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias , PRESIDENT
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Cognition-driven Tool for Visual Countermeasure Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $743,055.00
Abstract:
We propose to design a model of visual target acquisition that can predict human performance in detecting low-contrast targets in complex scenes. This model will build on current state-of-the-art computational models of early human vision and visual search, and use proven cognitive modeling methods… More

C2WARS: Command and Control Warfare Agent-based Reasoning System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Christine Illgen
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I effort proposes to prototype and demonstrate a Case-Based Reasoning Tool for Command and Control Warfare (C2W) Strategy Development. Our effort is motivated by the need to thoroughly understand and graphically depict vulnerabilities in the information battle space since Intelligence… More

Air Combat Tactics Optimization Using Genetic Algorithms (ACTOGA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to investigate the feasibility of using stochastic genetic algorithms (GAs) for the development and optimization of air combat tactics for large MvN engagements. Stochastic GAs, which encode each optimizing parameter as a Gaussian region rather than a fixed value, offer several benefits… More

Intelligent Fusion and Asset Management Processor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $739,333.00
Abstract:
The management and dissemination of Inboard and offboard information and the associated situation assessment of the tactical picture and determination of the associated response is a major task for Air Force personnel. Significant effort has been made in countering this challenge with advances in… More

AVID: Agent for Visualization and Intelligent Decision-Aiding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a robust, adaptive Agent for visualization and Intelligent Decision-aiding (AVID). The AVID architecture consists off four modules, one each for: decision-aiding, visualization, profile adjustments, and communication and coordination. the structure of the key decision-aiding… More

TACTICS: Toolset for Acquiring Critical Tactical Information from C4I Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
The growing digitization of the battlefield gives the commander an opportunity to access large amounts of information, but only a portion of this may be important at any one time in answering his Priority Intelligence Requirements (PIRs). PIRs are critical to the commander for making tactical… More

ILIA: Intelligent and Learning Interface Agent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
We propose to deploy our commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) technology Learn Sesame to develop a generic Intelligent and Learning Interface Agent (ILIA) to empower application developers to design interfaces that adapt themselves to the habits and preferences of users through learning. The agent… More

Situation Assessment-Based Search Agent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magnus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
We propose to design and prototype a search agent for smart munitions that exploits multiple information sources to aid an automatic target recognition (ATR) system's target acquisition capability. Smart munitions that rely on preprogrammed search paths (the weapon's flight path over the search… More

Concept Map-Directed Hyperlinking for Collaborative Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Agent Based Human Interfaces For Space Crews

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Alper K. Caglayan , Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $600,000.00

Planetary Rover Navigation Using Landmark Recognition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Air Traffic Controller Agent Model for Free Flight

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Distributed Environment for Onboard Planning and Scheduling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,675.00

Intelligent Threat Assessment Processor (ITAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Precomputed Clutter Characterization for Automatic Target Recognition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magn?s Snorrason
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Not Available There is an emerging class of post cold war airborne and groundbased military weapons and surveillance systems that will require unprecedented amounts of electrical power. Unless high power electrical generators are developed that weigh no more than one fifth as much as the lightest… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $599,916.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $600,000.00

Intelligent Hostile Urban Threat (IHUT) Agents for Urban Combat Simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Karen Harper
Award Amount: $69,999.00

Maritime Intelligent Decision Aiding System (MIDAS) for Enhancing Organic Mine Countermeasures (MCM) Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Not Available Computer Optics Inc. proposes to develop an optically addressed spatial light modulator (SLM) based on Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) technology. The SLM is driven electrostatically so that it draws virtually no power and provides pure analog phase modulation. Analog phase… More

AMPLE: Agent-Based Mission Planning and Evaluation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves
Award Amount: $99,509.00

Situation-Adaptive Sensor Fusion for Autonomous Target Acquisition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magus Snorrason
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata K Das
Award Amount: $740,314.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magnus S Snorrason
Award Amount: $649,114.00

COGENT: Cognitive Agent to Amplify Human Perception and Cognition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Adaptive Human/Machine Interface for Advanced Air Traffic Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Intelligent Threat Assessment Processor (ITAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $749,747.00

Situation-Adaptive Sensor Fusion for Autonomous Target Acquisition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magus S. Snorrason
Award Amount: $549,876.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NGA
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $96,848.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Harald Ruda, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sandeep S. Mulgund, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Greg L. Zacharias, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,997.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00

Submarine Forward Escape Trunk Cofferdam

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magn?s Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,560.00
Abstract:
The ability to autonomously enhance low-quality or corrupted streaming video data is essential in a number of important defense and civilian scenarios. In military applications, the need to enhance and clean-up corrupted video signal is crucial foroperator-assisted or autonomous terminal guidance of… More

2.5 KVA Inverter with Selectable Output Voltage for Ground Mobile Vehicle Use.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
The Phase II objective is to develop a Multi-agent Architecture for Robust Adaptive Decision-aiding (MARAD), specifically to support enhanced adaptive user interfaces and tactical event predictions via sequential learning. Feasibility of MARAD wasdemonstrated under the Phase I effort, in which we… More

ACQUIRE: Agent-based Complex QUerying and Information Retrieval Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Subrat 1. Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The heterogeneous, distributive, and voluminous nature of NASA¿s Earth science data archives impose severe constraints on meeting the diverse requirements of thousands of users who analyze the data. Additionally, communication bandwidth limitations, time constraints, and a multiplicity of archives… More

Model-Based Reasoning with Temporal Belief Networks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Subrat 1. Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Conventional approaches to spacecraft fault detection and isolation (FDI) suffer from a combinatorial explosion in trying to represent the myriad number of ways failures can occur and propagate in a modern complex spacecraft. To get around this problem, we propose to explore the feasibility of… More

Situation Assessment Fuselet to Aggregate Retrieved Information (SAFARI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a Situation Assessment Fuselet to Aggregate Retrieved Information (SAFARI) obtained from the Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI) repositories to support the development of mission relevant knowledge via Bayesian Belief Network (BN)technology. A BN can be thought of as a… More

Generic User-friendly Integrated Development Environment (GUIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The Joint Battlefield Infosphere (JBI) is a combat information management system that provides individual users with the right information at the right time during crisis and conflict. But the information needed by an individual commander or analyst cannotbe fully anticipated beforehand based only… More

Distributed Decision-Making Models for Advanced Air/Ground Traffic Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
In the transition from current Air Traffic Management (ATM) practices to the envisioned Distributed Air-Ground Traffic Management (DAG-TM) environment, inter-aircraft negotiation protocols will prove to be a key driver in shaping the balance between traffic safety, flow rates, and individual carrier… More

Scene Estimation & Situational Awareness Mapping Engine (SESAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) must have self-localization capabilities, not just in abstract units like longitude & latitude, but with reference to real terrain. The ideal solution uses both onboard sensing (for real-time local scene information) andpreloaded digital maps (for a global… More

Information Operations Decision-Aid for Rapid Response Individual Vulnerability Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
Information Operations (IO) preparation typically takes advantage of large staffs and years of planning, with much of the effort focused on well-researched threat decision-makers. The situation is different now, with a rapidly changing focus towardsunpredictable

Integrated Software Environment for Battlespace Digital Mapping and Target Range Acquisition

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
The explosive growth in information technology provides a tremendous opportunity for enhancing US warfighting capabilities. The associated digitization of the battlespace, in tandem with deployment of highly capable sensor systems, provides a tremendousopportunity to enhance battlespace operations.… More

Automatic Target Recognition Characterization using Causal Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal seeks to design a prototype evaluation framework for characterizing the difficulty of Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) Algorithms in Electro-Optical (EO) sensors. Our proposed framework provides the ability to express relationships betweenoperating scenarios and algorithm… More

Network-Based Truth Maintenance System for Tactical Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
The growing digitization of the battlefield gives the intelligence analyst a unique opportunity to access large amounts of information collected over time across a variety of sensors to achieve an unparalleled level of tactical situation awareness.However, before using this array of dynamically… More

Smart Engine Mounts with Energy Managing Continuous Structural Elements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Harald Ruda, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The Navy is under pressure to reduce shipboard manning levels in the face of ever-intensifying tactical responsibilities, battlespace tempo, and weapons lethality. There is thus an increasing need for team coordination, cohesiveness, and especiallyadaptability in operator task allocation during… More

Graphical Agent Development Environment (GRADE II)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Increasingly sophisticated models and simulations developed by DoD to support a range of analysis and training functions have triggered a strong demand for realistic representation of the key human decision makers that populate the battelspace. Developinghigh-fidelity and user-friendly human… More

Graphical Agent Development Environment (GRADE II)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $654,292.00
Abstract:
Increasingly sophisticated models and simulations developed by DoD to support a range of analysis and training functions have triggered a strong demand for realistic representation of the key human decision makers that populate the battelspace. Developinghigh-fidelity and user-friendly human… More

Autonomous Intelligent Document Analyzer (AIDA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magn?s Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is a major component of the document management workflow in both Army and civilian scenarios. It is also one of its weakest links, having no turnkey or standardized solution. The performance of OCR software is furtherstressed by the need to automatically parse… More

Warehouse Infrastructure for Simulating the Environment (WISE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The Army's current and future needs in complex modeling and simulation (M&S) efforts require increasing access to critical environmental information stored in a disparate and distributed set of databases across organizations. These distributed data sourcesare problematic in terms of flexible access,… More

SIMKAP: Situation and Mission-responsive Knowledge Access Portal

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dan Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The modern organizational and operational structures emerging within the US Army will require revolutionary transformations of the informational tools supporting the tasks of the new units. Knowledge access portals will become instrumental in gaining rapidsituational understanding, and in making… More

An Intelligent Tutoring System for Teaching Battlefield Command Reasoning Skills

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dan Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $746,528.00
Abstract:
Future military operations will increasingly rely on our ability to generate an accurate representation of the battlespace to relay this interpreted information to the warfighter. Our objective in this effort is to develop an Agent-based Semantic DataManagement and Visualization (ASDMV) system that… More

An Intelligent Tutoring System for Teaching Battlefield Command Reasoning Skills

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dan Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Future military operations will increasingly rely on our ability to generate an accurate representation of the battlespace to relay this interpreted information to the warfighter. Our objective in this effort is to develop an Agent-based Semantic DataManagement and Visualization (ASDMV) system that… More

Dialog Agent System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias, Senior Principal Scientis
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
To support the Joint Task Force (JTF) commander and staff in meeting the decision-aiding and visualization requirements of Stability and Support Operations (SASO), we propose to develop a cognitively-based software environment to address currentshortcomings of existing military command and control… More

Dialog Agent System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias, Senior Principal Scientis
Award Amount: $749,978.00
Abstract:
To support the Joint Task Force (JTF) commander and staff in meeting the decision-aiding and visualization requirements of Stability and Support Operations (SASO), we propose to develop a cognitively-based software environment to address currentshortcomings of existing military command and control… More

Scene Estimation & Situational Awareness Mapping Engine (SESAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,997.00
Abstract:
"We propose to develop a Scene Estimation & Situational Awareness Mapping Engine (SESAME) enabling mobile robots to autonomously build multi-resolution volumetric models of semi-structured scenes, such as parking lots and city streets. Our model generationalgorithm is suited for both single-camera… More

Integrated Software Environment for Battlespace Digital Mapping and Target Range Acquisition (DMAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $680,000.00
Abstract:
"Information technology and the associated digitization of the battlespace provide a tremendous opportunity for enhancing US military warfighting capabilities. Additionally, the use and proliferation of Geographic Information Systems (GISs) and digitalmapping can further enhance military situation… More

Information Operations Decision-Aid (IODA) for Data-sparse Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias, Sr. Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,998.00
Abstract:
"We propose a Phase II program to develop and demonstrate an Information Operations Decision Aiding (IODA) prototype, for PSYOP/IO analysts operating in data-sparse SASO environments. IODA accomplishes this by leveraging cultural knowledge when little isknown about the individual decision maker. The… More

Network-Based Truth Maintenance System for Trustworthy Battlefield Information Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $729,999.00
Abstract:
"The growing digitization of the battlefield gives the intelligence analyst a unique opportunity to access large amounts of information collected over time across a variety of sensors to achieve an unparalleled level of situation awareness. However, beforeusing this array of dynamically changing… More

Evaluation of Laser Vibrometry ATR (ELVA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
"Laser Vibrometry is an exciting new sensor technology that promises to improve automatic target recognition (ATR) performance. Sensors such as AFRL's new Micro-Laser Interferometer Doppler (MLID) measure minute vibrations on the surface of an object from alarge standoff distance. As we demonstrated… More

ACQUIRE: Agent-based Complex QUerying and Information Retrieval Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Subrat Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $599,997.00
Abstract:
The heterogeneous, distributive, and voluminous nature of NASA¿s Earth science data archives impose severe constraints on meeting the diverse requirements of thousands of users who analyze the data. Additionally, communication bandwidth limitations, time constraints, and a multiplicity of archives… More

Agent-based Optimization of Distributed Air Traffic Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
In the transition from current Air Traffic Management (ATM) practices to the envisioned Distributed Air-Ground Traffic Management (DAG-TM) environment, inter-aircraft negotiation protocols will prove to be a key driver in shaping the balance between traffic safety, flow rates, and individual carrier… More

ACQUIRE: Agent-based Complex QUerying and Information Retrieval Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Subrat Das, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The heterogeneous, distributive, and voluminous nature of NASA¿s Earth science data archives impose severe constraints on meeting the diverse requirements of thousands of users who analyze the data. Additionally, communication bandwidth limitations, time constraints, and a multiplicity of archives… More

Agent-based Optimization of Distributed Air Traffic Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $599,993.00
Abstract:
In the transition from current Air Traffic Management (ATM) practices to the envisioned Distributed Air-Ground Traffic Management (DAG-TM) environment, inter-aircraft negotiation protocols will prove to be a key driver in shaping the balance between traffic safety, flow rates, and individual carrier… More

Testbed for Air-vehicle Coordination Techniques (TACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
"Future Air Force missions will rely on large numbers of heterogeneous air vehicles, and will require advanced coordination capabilities scaling with mission size, structure, and mission environment. Our objective in this effort is to develop a Testbed forAir-vehicle Coordination Techniques (TACT),… More

Testbed for Air-vehicle Coordination Techniques (TACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
"Future Air Force missions will rely on large numbers of heterogeneous air vehicles, and will require advanced coordination capabilities scaling with mission size, structure, and mission environment. Our objective in this effort is to develop a Testbed forAir-vehicle Coordination Techniques (TACT),… More

Genetic Programming-based Agent Training System (GPATS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Increasingly sophisticated models and simulations developed by DoD to support a range of analysis and training functions have triggered a strong demand for realistic representation of the key human decision makers that populate the battlespace. Developingadaptive and robust human behavior… More

Sign Understanding in Support of Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
"Mobile robots currently do not have the ability to detect and read arbitrary signs. Existing work on road sign recognition is template based, limiting the detectable signs to a specific set. This is a major hindrance to mobile robot usability, since theycannot be tasked using directions that are… More

Multi Agent-based Satellite System for Information Fusion (MASSIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark L. Hanson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,608.00
Abstract:
"Recent military operations illustrate the importance of information dominance and the subsidiary need to provide enhanced battlespace awareness to the warfighter. The emergence of space-based assets offers an unprecedented opportunity to enhancebattlespace awareness. Because space-based assets are… More

Constraint-based Workflow Management for Life-Cycle Analysis and Design

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The development of large scale engineering projects for spacecraft and mission components taking into account life-cycle design criteria requires the integration of the efforts of experts with various backgrounds, diverse tools, located at remote locations, and over time-intervals of months and… More

Real-time Adaptive Classification Environment using Rules (RACER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Allen M. Waxman
Abstract:
"Robust Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithms must be able to identify the conditions under which they are operating and tune their parameters to ensure targets are identified while retaining a low false-alarm rate. For example, the image signatureof a distant target is fundamentally… More

Intelligent Surveillance and Intrusion detection for Ships (ISIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
"The ability of the Navy to protect its forces during overseas and domestic port calls is critical for the successful completion of its missions. The USS Cole incident and more recent events call for an effective in-port surveillance system for the Navy andthe development of effective surveillance… More

Scoring, Truthing And Registration Toolkit (START)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"AFRL currently has a large volume of imagery collected for evaluating Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) performance. However, this data cannot be used without adequate truthing information for each image. Truthing information typically consists of thetarget type and location of the targets present… More

Sensor Task Optimization and Real-time Management (STORM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Prinicpal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,665.00
Abstract:
"The emergence of the digital battlespace and the emphasis on military joint operations provide access to a plethora of information resources and collection assets. Sensor management, in general, and the capability to automate scheduling and dynamicallyre-task sensor assets in light of changing… More

Rotorcraft Adaptive Tactical Information Display (RATID)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magn?s Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,997.00
Abstract:
"Advances in aircraft and weapon capabilities have led to a dramatic increase in the tempo of tactical situations facing the combat rotorcraft pilot, reducing the pilot's available processing and decision time. Furthermore, technological advances in cockpitdisplays, sensors, and communications have… More

Automated Link Analysis for Data-mining of Distributed INformation (ALADDIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"We propose to develop a system for Automated Link Analysis for Data-mining of Distributed INformation (ALADDIN) to detect bioterrorist attacks. ALADDIN will use ontology-based data modeling for integrating heterogeneous and distributed data sources ofbioterrorism information. In addition to… More

Probabilistic Unit Life Status Estimation ( PULSE )

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"The Warfighter Physiological Status Monitoring (WPSM) system must deal with artifact-laden, uncertain, and dynamic biomedical sensor data. We propose to address these critical issues directly with the development of the Probabilistic Unit Life StatusEstimation (PULSE) suite of advanced Bayesian… More

Modeling Individual Differences and Stressors (MINDS) in Human Cognitive Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"The US Army Natick Soldier Center develops and applies modeling and simulation technologies to evaluate new warfighter systems, both in terms of their ability to maximize individual combatant (IC) effectiveness and small unit warfighting capabilities.While past M&S work has focused on understanding… More

Organizational and Cultural Criteria for Adversary Modeling (OCCAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
"We propose a Phase I program to develop and demonstrate an analyst decision aid that incorporates Organizational and Cultural Criteria in Adversary Modeling (OCCAM). We define cultural criteria (i.e., behavior moderators) as influences upon individualdecision-making and behavior that arise from… More

Context-driven Infospace Configuration for Augmented Cognitive Readiness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
"Cognitive readiness has been recognized as one of the main objectives supporting the development of a "responsive, deployable, agile, versatile" force implementing the advanced concepts of modern warfare. Charles River Analytics proposes an architecture tosupport the Context-driven Infospace… More

Autonomous Intelligent Document Analysis system (AIDA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is critical to document management workflow in both Army and civilian scenarios. It is also one of its weakest links, having no turnkey or standardized solution. Low quality documents imaged under adverse conditionsexhibit severe image artifacts, such as uneven… More

Multi-Agent Satellite System for Information Fusion (MASSIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark L. Hanson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $738,001.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations demonstrate the reliance of U.S. military operations on space assets for intelligence, surveillance, communications, and targeting. Using anti-satellite methods such as lasers or kinetic energy vehicles, potential adversaries mayacquire the capability to attack space… More

Sign Understanding in Support of Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $375,642.00
Abstract:
Mobile robots currently cannot detect and read arbitrary signs. Existing work on road sign recognition is template based, limiting the detectable signs to a specific set. This is a major hindrance to mobile robot usability, since they cannot be taskedusing directions that are intuitive to humans. It… More

Scoring, Truth and Registration Toolkit (START)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $745,292.00
Abstract:
Evaluation is a crucial part of Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithm development. Without standardized metrics and software implementing those metrics, accurate assessment of an algorithm's performance cannot be made. Comparing different ATRalgorithms on the same dataset is impossible unless… More

Situation-Adaptive Rotorcraft Information Filter (SARIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,123.00
Abstract:
Advances in aircraft and weapon capabilities have led to a dramatic increase in the tempo of tactical situations facing the combat rotorcraft pilot, reducing the pilot's available decision time. Furthermore, advances in sensors and communications haveresulted in an explosion in the quantity and… More

Modeling Individual Differences and Stressors (MINDS) in Human Cognitive Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $748,848.00
Abstract:
We propose an M&S-based approach that extends a cognitive modeling architecture to account for the effects of behavior moderators (BMs) on cognitive performance. We will model the effects of two classes of BMs: 1) individual differences representingvariations in behavior across individuals; and 2)… More

Video Analysis for Nighttime Surveillance and Situational Awareness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: BOSTON UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,915.00
RI Contact: Steven Singer
Abstract:
Interpretation of video imagery is the quintessential goal of computer vision. The ability to group moving pixels into regions and then associate semantic labels with those regions has long been studied by the vision community. Only recently have thecomponent technologies matured sufficiently to… More

Real-time Adaptive Classification Environment using Rules (RACER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: TULANE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $499,978.00
RI Contact: Jing Peng
Abstract:
Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithms must be able to identify the conditions under which they are operating and tune their parameters accordingly to ensure robust accuracy and low false-alarm rate. For example, the signature of a target imagedunder ideal weather conditions (overcast skies)… More

Organizational and Cultural Criteria for Adversary Modeling (OCCAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $748,516.00
Abstract:
We propose a Phase II program to develop and demonstrate an analyst decision aid that incorporates Organizational and Cultural Criteria in Adversary Modeling (OCCAM). OCCAM aids the PSYOP/IO analyst by leveraging known organizational and culturalknowledge to infer potential target biases and… More

Constraint-based Analysis of Aircraft Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Grecu, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,983.00
Abstract:
Advanced technologies for on-board data recording allow the collection of increasingly sophisticated information during aircraft operation, reflecting decisions and actions taken by the crew, external flight conditions, and the behavior of flight systems. Such data, when subjected to a systematic… More

Software Toolkit for Optimizing Mission Plans (STOMP) for the Joint Synthetic Battlespace

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,592.00
Abstract:
The engineering analysis and acquisition of command and control (C2) technologies and systems is an extremely time-consuming and expensive endeavor. DoD is addressing these problems by embarking on the use of modeling and simulation techniques, i.e.Simulation Based Acquisition (SBA). The acquisition… More

Context-driven Infospace Configuration for Augmented Cognitive Readiness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfuatz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $374,959.00
Abstract:
The cognitive readiness of the warfighter has become one of the critical factors that determines rapid and effective decisions on the battlefield. Our objective in this effort is to develop an approach for Context-driven Infospace Configuration forAugmented Cognitive Readiness to support task… More

Sensor Task Optimization and Real-time Management (STORM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves, Vice President
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Sensor management and, more specifically, the capability to automate scheduling and dynamically re-task sensor assets in light of changing operational requirements and mission objectives is a crucial factor for ensuring information dominance for ourwarfighters. Here, we propose a Sensor Task… More

Sensors and Methods to Handle UAV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: BOSTON UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Vitaly Ablavsky, Senior Research Engineer
Award Amount: $69,690.00
RI Contact: Stan Sclaroff
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) play an increasingly important role in many military scenarios. For the Navy to incorporate these vehicles into its critical missions, there has to be an efficient protocol to handle them on the decks of aircraft carriers.Current handling approaches and procedures… More

Sensor Task Optimization and Real-time Management (STORM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves, Vice President
Award Amount: $749,172.00
Abstract:
Sensor management and, more specifically, the capability to automate scheduling and dynamically re-task sensor assets in light of changing operational requirements and mission objectives is a crucial factor for ensuring information dominance for ourwarfighters. Here, we propose a Sensor Task… More

Adaptive Battlespace Analysis Toolset for Geospatial Information Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dan L. Grecu, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
Satisfying the diverse geospatial information and intelligence needs of the tactical user calls for techniques that can rapidly infer user requirements and manage the information dissemination process. To address this challenge we propose the developmentof an Adaptive Battlespace Analysis Toolset… More

Adaptive Battlespace Analysis Toolset for Geospatial Information Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,677.00
Abstract:
Future military operations will increasingly rely on accurate, customized, and task-oriented geospatial information. Our objective in this effort is to develop an Adaptive Battlespace Analysis Toolset for Geospatial Information Management that developsmodels of geospatial cognition to anticipate the… More

Motion Imagery Navigation Using Terrain Estimates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,975.00
Abstract:
Air vehicles rely heavily on inertial and satellite sensor feedback for navigation. Sensors such as gyroscopes and global positioning systems can provide accurate vehicle state information, but in many real world situations, these sensors can drift or bejammed, leading to navigation errors that can… More

Decision Aid for Counter-Terrorist Analysts (DACTA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,970.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop and demonstrate a Decision Aid for Counter-Terrorist Analysts (DACTA) by fusing and aggregating information from distributed sources. The DACTA architecture integrates a key decision aiding module with two supporting modules forinformation visualization and scenario simulation.… More

Weather Prediction Uncertainty Management And Representation (PUMAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,967.00
Abstract:
Strategic weather centers run numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, but military operators do not often have the time or capability to analyze the NWP information -- warfighters must rely on decision aids to succinctly translate the NWP informationinto battlefield intelligence. Since NWP… More

Automated Toxicity Hazard Assessment Decision-aiding System (ATHADS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
A key stage in military planning is the intelligence preparation of the battlespace (IPB). IPB is a continuous process that defines the battlespace environment and its effects and determines and evaluates likely enemy actions. Typically, characterizationof the battlespace and its effects has focused… More

Acquiring representations of Meta-information to Enhance Battlespace Awareness (AMEBA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,560.00
Abstract:
Modern battlespaces are characterized by large amounts of complex information that must be rapidly processed by the decision-maker. Part of this complexity is due to meta-information, or, characteristics of information such as uncertainty, staleness, etc.that add to the decision-making burden. … More

Automated Link Analysis for Data-mining of Distributed Information (ALADDIN II)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $749,545.00
Abstract:
Recent terrorist actions, particularly the delivery of anthrax via the US Postal Service, have triggered an urgent need for an early warning system for disease outbreaks due to bioterrorism. In response, we have developed, under a Phase I SBIR effort, a Bayesian Belief Network (BN) approach for… More

Constraint-Based Analysis of Aircraft Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Greg Zacharias, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,940.00
Abstract:
The analysis of flight data presents us with the opportunity of sophisticated insights into the functioning of aircraft systems and into the effects of aircraft operations. However, the complexity and size of the data acquired through flight data logging represent a challenge to the most complex… More

Software Toolkit for Optimizing Mission Plans (STOMP) for the Joint Synthetic Battlespace

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves
Award Amount: $741,791.00
Abstract:
Recent military actions have demonstrated the need for addressing time-sensitive and time-critical targeting. The capabilities of precision guided munitions and the further development of strike warfare platforms and tactics portend a huge increase in effectiveness and lethality of air operations… More

Complex Adaptive Systems-based Toolkit (CAST) for Dynamic Plan Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,531.00
Abstract:
The Air Force requires C2 systems that support full spectrum of operations. This is specifically relevant to the air campaign mission planning and analysis community where there have been several recent concept changes, advancements in information technology, sensors, and weapons, and the expansion… More

Effects-based Evaluation of Logistics Capabilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,843.00
Abstract:
Logistics capabilities are essential for the outcome of military campaigns, yet they often remain difficult to assess and integrate in the operational decision-making process. In response to this challenge, we propose a framework for the Effects-based Evaluation of Logistics Capabilities, which will… More

Agent-based Satellite Attack Analysis System (ASAAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark L. Hanson, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,857.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations demonstrate the heavy reliance of U.S. military operations on space assets for intelligence, surveillance, communications, and targeting. Using anti-satellite methods such as lasers or kinetic energy vehicles, potential adversaries have the capability to attack space… More

Agent-based Terrorist Attack Prediction (ATAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $119,902.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a prototype for Agent-based Terrorist Attack Prediction (ATAP) for Homeland Defense. ATAP will employ mobile agents to retrieve on demand relevant data distributed across various services, multi-national forces, and intelligence agencies, while maintaining the autonomy of… More

Agent-based Terrorist Attack Prediction (ATAP II)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $729,680.00
Abstract:
To support the Homeland Defense Initiative, we have developed a general, component-based architecture for Agent-based Terrorist Attack Prediction (ATAP). We have applied it to develop a prototype for the early detection of bioterrorism. We demonstrated overall feasibility using a high-fidelity… More

On-line Situation Awareness and Knowledge Acquisition (OSAKA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations illustrate the importance of information dominance and the need to provide enhanced battlespace situation awareness (SA) to our warfighters. Enhanced battlespace situation awareness ensures our warfighters have the requisite information to enable timely and accurate… More

Sensor Network Optimization using Multi-Agent Negotiation (SNOMAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,665.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in an unpredictable, real-time environment and thus requires an adaptive approach to optimization that dynamically allocates sensors and their supporting resources in response to changing goals and constraints. Here, we propose a system for Sensor Network Optimization… More

Rapid Evidence Aggregation Supporting Optimal Negotiation (REASON)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $98,692.00
Abstract:
Significant research has been undertaken to develop rigorous decision-making processes under the umbrella discipline of Decision Analysis. Unfortunately, most of these systems require a facilitator and are designed for time scales that make them inappropriate in tactical situations. We propose to… More

Visualizing Meta-Information in Remotely Sensed Earth Science Data

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $67,714.00
Abstract:
Remotely sensed Earth Science datasets are characterized by their complexity and size, which results in difficulty in effectively disseminating this information to decision-makers. Part of this complexity is due to meta-information, or, characteristics of information such as uncertainty, staleness,… More

Parameter Adaptation for Target Recognition in LADAR (PATROL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,855.00
Abstract:
Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithms are extremely sensitive to differences between the operating conditions under which they are trained and the extended operating conditions in which the fielded algorithms operate. For ATR algorithms to robustly recognize targets while retaining low false… More

JFACC Agent-based Mentoring System (JAMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,740.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations have clarified the benefits of a centralized aerospace control concept under the authority of the Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC). However, these potential benefits can be compromised by the sheer complexity of the JFACC's responsibilities, and the lack of… More

Acquiring representations of Meta-information to Enhance Battlespace Awareness (AMEBA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,953.00
Abstract:
We propose to design, develop, and evaluate a system for Acquiring representations of Meta-information to Enhance Battlespace Awareness (AMEBA). AMEBA aids the warfighter by providing representations of meta-information, or characteristics of information such as uncertainty, staleness, etc. that… More

Meta-Information Visualization to Enhance the Common Operational Picture (MIVEC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University at Buffalo
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,998.00
RI Contact: Ann Bisantz
Abstract:
Decision-making in 21st century warfare environments is characterized by large amounts of complex information from a variety of individual and networked sensor systems that must be rapidly processed by the commander. Part of this complexity is due to meta-information, or, characteristics of… More

Hybrid Inferencing for Data Fusion and Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Harvard University
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $69,195.00
RI Contact: Avi Pfeffer
Abstract:
We propose to develop a hybrid inference system for data fusion and situation assessment for multi-source intelligence analysis with an application to Marine Corps operations in urban environments. Our proposed approach views an urban environment as a physical system whose state vector at any… More

Video Analysis for Nighttime Surveillance and Situational Awareness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Mark Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,907.00
RI Contact: S. Sclaroff
Abstract:
Recent events in both Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated the need for credible and timely situational awareness on the ground. Of key importance is the ability to locate specific individuals of interest and to quickly provide that information to central command so that appropriate action can be… More

Evolvable Work-Practice Interfaces Between Humans and Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
NASA science researchers and payload specialists will be supported in their tasks by increasingly complex computational components. Whether these are agents monitoring life support modules during space missions, or software enabling remote science experiments, the components will interact with… More

Complex Adaptive Systems-based Toolkit (CAST) for Dynamic Plan Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,226.00
Abstract:
The Air Force requires C2 systems that support full spectrum of operations. This is specifically relevant to the air campaign mission planning and analysis community where there have been several recent concept changes, advancements in information technology, sensors, and weapons, and expansion in… More

Agent-based Satellite Attack Analysis System (ASAAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,699.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations demonstrate the heavy reliance of U.S. military operations on space assets for intelligence, surveillance, communications, and targeting. Using anti-satellite methods such as lasers or kinetic energy vehicles, potential adversaries have the capability to attack space… More

Parameter Adaptation for Target Recognition in LADAR (PATROL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,436.00
Abstract:
Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) algorithms are extremely sensitive to differences between the operating conditions (OCs) under which they are trained and the OCs in which the fielded algorithms operate. For ATR algorithms to robustly recognize targets while retaining low false alarm rates, they… More

Proactive Logistics Toolset

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $749,658.00
Abstract:
An agile US Air Force, if it is to be able to conduct operations in uncertain and unpredictable combat conditions, must be able to anticipate the logistical consequences of changes and/or failures in operational plans, and likewise anticipate the impact of logistical constraints on operations. To… More

On-line Situation Awareness and Knowledge Acquisition (OSAKA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $735,109.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations illustrate the importance of information dominance and the need to provide enhanced battlespace situation awareness (SA) to our warfighters. Enhanced battlespace SA ensures our warfighters have the requisite information to enable timely and accurate decision-making.… More

Sensor Network Optimization using Multi-Agent Negotiation (SNOMAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,742.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in an unpredictable, real-time environment and thus requires an adaptive approach to optimization that dynamically allocates sensors and their supporting resources in response to changing goals and constraints. Here, we propose a system for Sensor Network Optimization… More

Automated Toxicity Hazard Assessment Decision-aiding System (ATHADS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,558.00
Abstract:
The first and a key stage in military planning is the intelligence preparation of the battlespace (IPB). IPB is a continuous process that defines the battlespace environment and its effects and determines and evaluates likely enemy actions. Typically, characterization of the battlespace and its… More

JFACC Agent-Based Mentoring System (JAMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,914.00
Abstract:
Recent operations have clarified the benefits of a centralized aerospace control concept under the authority of the Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC). However, these potential benefits can be compromised by the complexity of the JFACC's responsibilities, and the lack of available training… More

Hybrid Inferencing for Data Fusion and Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: HARVARD UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $499,237.00
RI Contact: Avi Pfeffer
Abstract:
We have developed a hybrid inference system for data fusion (DF) and situation assessment (SA) for multi-source intelligence analysis, with specific application to Marine Corps operations in urban environments. The approach views an urban environment as a complex dynamic system whose state vector is… More

Multimodal Interface Toolkit for UAV Systems (MITUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,120.00
Abstract:
Because many future Army missions will increasingly rely on the performance of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in challenging operational environments, there is a need for novel human-system interfaces that improve the likelihood of mission success. We propose to iteratively design, develop, and… More

A Toolkit for Building Interfaces for Operator-in-the-Loop Data Fusion (BIFOLD)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $118,907.00
Abstract:
Decision-making in modern warfare environments is characterized by large amounts of complex information from a variety of systems that must be rapidly processed by the commander. Part of this complexity is due to poor data fusion and part due to added meta-information, or, information qualifiers… More

Multimodal Interface Toolkit for UAV Systems (MITUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $119,865.00
Abstract:
Future Army missions will rely on a variety of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) that require advanced human-system interfaces (HSIs) to achieve mission success in challenging operational environments. Multimodal interfaces, because of their advantages in perceptual bandwidth maximization, represent one… More

Mobile Agent Network Topology and Routing Adaptation (MANTRA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Curtis Wu, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $119,387.00
Abstract:
Army Transformation requires a force that can see first, understand first, act first and finish decisively. This requires an information system that can obtain, deliver, and interpret information in a timely manner. This poses special problems for a highly dynamic mobile network with limited… More

Evaluation Testbed for ATD/T Performance Prediction (ETAPP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott K. Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $119,150.00
Abstract:
Currently, common techniques for evaluating automatic target detection/tracking (ATD/T) performance include use simple models, such as quick-look models, or detailed exhaustive simulation. Simple models cannot accurately quantify the performance of candidate algorithms, while the detailed simulation… More

Building Interfaces for Operator-in-the-Loop Data Fusion (BIFOLD)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,343.00
Abstract:
Future Army missions at the Unit of Action will rely on the ability of human and computers to fuse disparate data sources to support complex Intelligence Analysis tasks. To support the development of such systems, we propose to design, evaluate, and Build Interfaces For Operator-in-the-Loop Data… More

SAMPLE-based Model for Intelligent Task performance by Human operators (SMITH)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,686.00
Abstract:
The Army has engaged in a modeling and simulation effort to develop advanced technologies and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) supporting the transformation to the network-centric warfare (NCW) concept. These activities have culminated in the Modeling Architecture for Technology, Research,… More

Evolvable Work-practice Interfaces Between Humans and Agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,958.00
Abstract:
Safe and effective interactions between humans and complex systems represent a requirement for practically all of NASA's missions. The first-of-a-kind nature of such systems and the range of unpredictable events they are likely to be confronted with raises considerable design issues. To address this… More

A System for Facilitating Interaction Between Cognitive Engineers And System Engineers (FIBEA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,735.00
Abstract:
As today's military adapts to meet new challenges, a concomitant change in perspectives about technology acquisition has occurred. Central to this evolving viewpoint is the need for increasingly human-centric support systems, developed with traditional Systems Engineering (SE) processes, but… More

Non-Uniformity Correction Algorithm Suite (NUCAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Vitaly Ablavsky, Principal Research Engineer
Award Amount: $118,683.00
Abstract:
Warfighters depend on infrared focal plane array (IRFPA) sensors to detect and recognize targets in many situations. Unfortunately, modern IRFPAs still suffer from sensor non-uniformity, which can be even more limiting than low contrast or lack of resolution. To make matters worse, the non-uniform… More

Non-uniform Correction Algorithm Suite (NUCAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,909.00
Abstract:
Image noise is often a limiting factor in target detection and recognition using infrared cameras. Many techniques exist for limiting temporal noise, but the predominant solution for fixed pattern noise correction is radiometric non-uniformity correction (NUC). This adds moving parts to the camera… More

Automatic Generation of Natural and Urban Scenes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,209.00
Abstract:
The development and evaluation of autonomous precision strike weaponry requires high fidelity image simulation. Data collections involving moving platforms are difficult to schedule and costly to perform. Furthermore, live data collections where the weapon is being guided by an autonomous target… More

Toolkit for Role-aware Exchange of Knowledge

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,925.00
Abstract:
Real-time collaboration often involves fluid, dynamic assignment of responsibilities within a community of users. As a task develops, users are asked to fulfill a variety of roles that shape their interaction with the system. Each role may have different information needs, possibilities for action,… More

Adaptive Model-based Adversarial Reasoning System (AMARS) for Enhanced Synthetic Battlespaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,590.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations have demonstrated the use by adversaries of non-traditional or asymmetric military tactics to offset US military might. This issue has thus come into the forefront of national security. Rogue nations with links to trans-national terrorists have created a highly… More

Combining Model-based Reasoning with Knowledge Discovery Techniques for Level 2 and 3 Fusion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF MIAMI
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $69,792.00
RI Contact: Kamal Premaratne
Abstract:
We propose to develop an approach to combine model based reasoning with knowledge discovery techniques for enhanced Level 2 and 3 data fusion, especially suitable for detecting asymmetric threats (e.g. ambush, insurgency) in cluttered urban environments. The knowledge discovery part: 1) deploys… More

Adaptive Agent-based System for Information Filtering (AASIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,428.00
Abstract:
The tenets of netcentric warfare (NCW) have been duly embraced by DoD. While programs like the Army Battle Command System can facilitate NCW concepts, the associated problem of information overload can arise. Information overload is already apparent in the business sector where knowledge workers… More

Adaptive Interface for Management of Bias and Workload Reduction (AMBR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $79,996.00
Abstract:
Advances in aircraft performance and weapons capability have led to a dramatic increase in the tempo of tactical situations facing the combat aviator or UAV controller, reducing the operator's available information processing and decision-making time and resources. Furthermore, the technological and… More

Plan Understanding for Mixed-initiative control of Autonomous systems (PUMA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: MIT
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,686.00
RI Contact: Mary L. Cummings
Abstract:
Future naval operations in the littoral environment will make use of unmanned vehicles to support a range of operations, including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and mine warfare. Many challenges that arise in pursuing such capabilities are rooted in the need for effective… More

Data Processing and Audio/Visual Displays for Improving Situational Awareness (DAVIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,307.00
Abstract:
Future Army missions will rely on increasingly sophisticated technologies for providing the Soldier with critical situational information. These technologies will require the concomitant development of processing techniques for synthesizing and managing an increased volume of incoming data. These… More

Hybrid Model Based/Knowledge Discovery Approach to Situation Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,458.00
Abstract:
This proposal explores a hybrid model based/knowledge discovery approach to situation assessment (SA), especially suitable for detecting and identifying targets in urban network centric warfare (NCW) environments. The approach recognizes significant enemy activity patterns from messages collected at… More

Image Sequences to Image Pairs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,446.00
Abstract:
Space situation awareness (SSA) requires the ability to monitor, identify, and catalog a wide variety of uncooperative space objects. To help improve Air Force SSA capabilities, we propose the Image Sequences to Image Pairs (ISIP) system. ISIP's input is a sequence of images from a telescope (or… More

Architecture for Decision Aid Development and Deployment (AD3)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,299.00
Abstract:
The network centric nature of the future force will allow unprecedented levels of coordination, distributed situation awareness, and distributed decision-making. However, decision-makers must be able to manage the masses of data available to them to maintain situation awareness and make the right… More

Adaptive Learning in Particle Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mark R. Stevens, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,256.00
Abstract:
Image exploitation algorithms for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and weapon systems are extremely sensitive to differences between the operating conditions (OCs) under which they are trained and the extended operating conditions (EOCs) in which the fielded algorithms are tested.… More

Integrated Network Attack Fusion System (INAFS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,836.00
Abstract:
In today's information age, the shift is being made from the traditional platform-centric warfare to network centric warfare (NCW). While this shift provides increased capability, it relies on an extensive network of systems that form the Global Information Grid (GIG). The GIG is threatened by… More

Perceptions, Inferences, and Associations Model for Infantry Soldiers (PIAMIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,374.00
Abstract:
The US Army Natick Soldier Center develops and applies modeling and simulation (M&S) technologies to evaluate warfighter systems vis-¿-vis impact on individual and small-unit effectiveness. Currently, many simulations use scripts and simple rules to produce behavior in simulated entities with… More

Adaptive Patient Appointment Scheduling System (APASS) for DoD Medical Facilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,649.00
Abstract:
Current scheduling methods fail to address the dynamic nature of the Military Health System environment. What is needed is an approach to scheduling that can accommodate the dynamic changes in the health environment, an approach that provides not just scheduling but also rescheduling, to ensure that… More

Adaptive Software Attack Modeling System (ASAMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,465.00
Abstract:
The pervasiveness of software is nowhere more evident than within DoD, the largest buyer of software systems and services in the world. The proliferation of the digital battlespace and the emergence of network-centric warfare concepts only seek to further DoD's reliance on software systems. Such a… More

Rapid Evidence Aggregation Supporting Optimal Negotiation (REASON)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Subrata Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $414,237.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop and deploy a fully featured groupware platform for Rapid Expertise Aggregation Supporting Optimal Negotiation (REASON). REASON supports collaborative decision-making in dynamic, time critical situations. It presents a decision as a graph to improve coordination and reduce the… More

Evaluation Testbed for ATD/T Performance Prediction (ETAPP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott K. Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $728,696.00
Abstract:
Currently, automatic target recognition (ATR) evaluation techniques use simple models, such as quick-look models, or detailed exhaustive simulation. Simple models cannot accurately quantify performance, while the detailed simulation requires enumerating each operating condition. A need exists for… More

Mobile Agent Network Topology and Routing Adaptation (MANTRA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Curtis Wu, Principal Software Engine
Award Amount: $728,853.00
Abstract:
The need for an information system that can obtain, deliver, and interpret information in a timely manner poses special problems for a highly dynamic mobile network with limited bandwidth and computing such as those found in dismounted warrior systems. Mobile agent architectures provide a framework… More

Situation Understanding and Reasoning Evaluation (SURE) Toolkit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,485.00
Abstract:
The Army has engaged in a modeling and simulation effort to develop advanced technologies and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) supporting the transformation to network-centric warfare (NCW), which has culminated in the Modeling Architecture for Technology, Research, and Experimentation… More

Adaptive Model-based Adversarial Reasoning System (AMARS) for Enhanced Synthetic Battlespaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,484.00
Abstract:
Recent military operations have demonstrated the use by adversaries of non-traditional or asymmetric military tactics to offset US military might. This issue has thus come into the forefront of national security. Rogue nations with links to trans-national terrorists have created a highly… More

Toolkit for Role-aware Exchange of Knowledge

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $748,939.00
Abstract:
In a dynamic environment, it is important to support changing membership of groups, allow on-the-fly team building, and tailor information presentation. Information overload concerns in real-time interactions require presenting the right information to the right user at the right time. Our approach… More

Data Processing and Audio/Visual Displays for Improving Situational Awareness (DAVIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,731.00
Abstract:
We propose to iteratively develop and evaluate audio cueing methods and integrate them into current Soldier systems using our testbed for Developing Audio alerts and Verbal cues for Improving Soldier Situational Awareness (DAVIS). The following four components characterize our effort: First, we… More

Plan Understanding for Mixed-initiative Control of Autonomous systems (PUMA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Massachusetts Inst. of Technology
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $499,627.00
RI Contact: Michael P. Corcoran
Abstract:
Future naval operations in the littoral environment will make use of unmanned vehicles to support a range of operations, including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) and mine warfare. Many challenges that arise in pursuing such capabilities are rooted in the need for effective… More

Architecture for Decision-Aid Development and Deployment (AD3)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,911.00
Abstract:
Organizations are increasingly providing networked access to mission-critical data, which promises unprecedented levels of coordination, distributed situation awareness, and distributed decision-making. However, decision-makers must be able to manage the masses of data available to them to maintain… More

Integrated Network Attack Fusion System (INAFS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $745,541.00
Abstract:
Today's information age relies on an extensive network of systems that form the Global Information Grid (GIG). The GIG is threatened by numerous entities including terrorist organizations, hackers sympathetic to America's enemies, criminal organizations, and nation states interested in cyber warfare… More

Preemptive Actions with Dynamic Anticipatory Targeting

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,835.00
Abstract:
We propose a system for real-time target identification and intent prediction of time critical targets (TCTs) from limited tracking data. Given the urgency of destroying or disabling an emerging target (e.g. a missile with a biological warhead), we focus on enabling preemptive action through… More

Facilitated Argumentation through Automatic Acquisition and Synthesis of Time-critical information (FAAAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,408.00
Abstract:
As ever more data becomes available via faster, more reliable networks and advanced sensor platforms, there is an ever more persistent need for technology that will automatically find, synthesize, and contextualize data so that it may be used to support decision making. This need is especially… More

Fusion Algorithm Creation for Advanced Detection via Evolution (FACADE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott K. Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $119,437.00
Abstract:
Sensor technology has recently advanced to the point where it is has become quite feasible to use multiple sensor modalities on the same platform. However, methods for intelligently fusing the data from the disparate sensors into a more descriptive form have proven illusive. Fusion of features not… More

Fusion Algorithm Creation for Advanced Detection via Evolution (FACADE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott K. Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $728,747.00
Abstract:
Sensor technology has advanced to the point where it is has become feasible to use multiple sensor modalities on the same platform. However, methods for intelligently fusing the data from the disparate sensors into a more descriptive form have proven elusive. We have developed a set of features,… More

Integrated ISR Plan Analysis and Rehearsal System (I2PARS) for Effects Based Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,635.00
Abstract:
To support effects based operations (EBO) for air campaigns, military decision makers at Air Operations Centers (AOCs) must be afforded decision superiority over their adversaries. A key element to attaining decision superiority is the effective and timely use of ISR assets. The capabilities of ISR… More

Meta-Information Representations In Advanced Modeling and Simulation (MIRIAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,738.00
Abstract:
Modern military operations increasingly require commanders to reason about large amounts of complex information - a task made more challenging due to meta-information (i.e., characteristics of information) such as uncertainty, staleness, etc. that adds to the decision-making burden. Knowledge… More

System for Presenting and Investigating Design Alternatives and Rationales (SPIDAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,456.00
Abstract:
The primary source of the time and labor cost in redesigning complex systems is the lack of comprehension of the overall system's limitations and what the motivation is for its current design. Designers can understand limited subsets of the system but have difficulties understanding the system in… More

Meta-Information Visualization and Processing for C2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,902.00
Abstract:
Command and control in ballistic missile defense is characterized by large amounts of complex information that must be rapidly processed by the decision-maker. Part of this complexity is due to meta-information, or, characteristics of information such as uncertainty, staleness, etc. that add to the… More

Adaptive User-Guided Multimodal ENhanced Troubleshooter (AUGMENT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ashley Nunes, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,819.00
Abstract:
The effectiveness of weapons platforms employed by the Marine Corps is dependent on a maintenance technician's ability to rapidly diagnose and solve problems associated with them. Given that the distribution of novice versus expert maintainers to resolve such problems is unequal, it would be ideal… More

Enhancing IPB with Representations of Meta-information (EPROM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. AT BUFFALO
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,810.00
RI Contact: Ann Bisantz
Abstract:
Modern military operations increasingly require decision-makers to reason predicatively about adversary actions and the battlespace environment - a task made more challenging due to meta-information (i.e., qualities of information such as uncertainty or staleness). Understanding the role of… More

Developing Incident Scenarios Automatically for Simulation-based Training for Emergency Responders (DISASTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Brad E. Rosenberg, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,945.00
Abstract:
Given recent man-made and naturally occurring catastrophic events such as the terrorist attacks on 9/11 and the effect of Hurricane Katrina, it is apparent that an emergency responder¿s ability to successfully manage and mitigate critical incidents is becoming of increasing importance. Training… More

A Tool for Recommending Teams of Experts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,551.00
Abstract:
Commanders of all branches of the US military are often confronted with a varying array of situations for which they need expert assistance outside of their immediate staff. In the era of network-centric operations, connectivity and bandwidth are increasingly available to the commander so that… More

Debugging Environment for Complex Cognitive Architectures (DECCA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,546.00
Abstract:
Increasingly, scientists are proposing that a prerequisite for human-level intelligence be a more human-like approach to the underlying hardware platform. These future systems will enable a new generation of cognitive architectures. Such complex cognitive systems will require new tools to support… More

Exploiting Meta-Information to Train Sensor Operators (EMITS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,804.00
Abstract:
A sensor operator performing tasking, processing, exploitation, and dissemination (TPED) during intelligence operations is often inadequately prepared to reason about the qualifiers of the information, or meta-information, resulting in poor situational awareness and decision-making. To address this… More

Evolutionary Algorithm-based Counterspace Operations Training System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,570.00
Abstract:
The space segment forms a critical element of our global military dominance. With support for ISR, navigation, communications, and targeting for military operations, we have an ever-burgeoning reliance on our space systems. This reliance provides a potential opportunity to our adversaries to… More

Designing and Enhancing Declutter Algorithms for UAV Systems (DAEDALUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,659.00
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have demonstrated their extraordinary potential to support combat missions, resulting in their continually expanding role in high-risk tactical missions. The move toward multiple, increasingly autonomous UAVs simultaneously supervised by a single operator, combined… More

Integrated Collaboration Environment for Sense-making (ICES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,489.00
Abstract:
Intelligence analysis is a cognitively intensive process that requires analysts to implement various strategies to mine and filter immense data sets, identify higher-level knowledge based on collected evidence, understand the implications of that accumulating knowledge, and defend selected… More

Argumentation-based Negotiation for Automated Sensor Tasking (ANAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,630.00
Abstract:
Traditional sensor management problems rely on planning and scheduling algorithms that formulate solutions based on a predefined set of goals and constraints. Optimization of sensor assignments with static goals and constraints is a well-developed area of research in objective function optimization… More

Impact Assessment for Defensive Counterspace (IA4DCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Andrew Young, Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,852.00
Abstract:
A key element to supporting Space Situation Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS) operations is to develop capabilities that address the characterization and the impact assessment that attacks and environmental effects have on our military space infrastructure. The Space Vehicles… More

Culturally Aware Agents for Training Environments (CAATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,959.00
Abstract:
During the last decade, the U.S. Army has conducted a wide range of missions within the context of very different cultures. These missions often require Soldiers to interact and communicate personally and effectively with people whose cultures, languages, lifestyle, and beliefs are very different… More

Collaborative Multimodal Environment for Data Integration and Analysis (C-MEDIA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,881.00
Abstract:
Warfighters within the modern Air Operations Center (AOC) must successfully integrate and manage dynamic, time-sensitive information from a large number of heterogeneous and multimodal information sources accessed through a variety of software applications, all while collaborating in real-time as… More

Arbitrage Look-ahead Agents for Market-based Optimization (ALAMO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,783.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in an unpredictable, real-time environment and thus requires an adaptive approach to optimization that dynamically allocates sensors and their supporting resources in response to changing goals and constraints. Here, we propose a system of Arbitrage Look-ahead Agents for… More

Hierarchical Analysis, Reasoning, and Visualization of Events in Space and Time (HARVEST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $69,827.00
Abstract:
The Army's Distributed Common Ground Systems (DCGS-A) promises to unite hundreds of different data sources into a common operational database. What is needed is a means of analyzing many complex, overlapping data sources, particularly those with spatial and temporal elements. Here, we propose… More

A Tool for Assessing and Conveying Testimony Veracity (TACT-V)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,970.00
Abstract:
HUMINT-specialized technologies (e.g., CI/HUMINT Information Management System (CHIMS), CI/HUMINT Automated Tool Set (CHATS)) provide soldiers with tools that help them capture, disseminate and reason about the information they collect. While these tools can help identify inconsistencies in source… More

Software Trustworthiness Assessment Tool (STAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
Warfighters are increasingly dependent on systems that must be reliable and secure to perform their missions. There is a growing concern about software system security because many current software systems are neither reliable nor secure. With the possibility of external agents and conditions… More

Modeling User-Defined Operating Pictures (UDOPs) within Simulation Environments (MUSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,958.00
Abstract:
The Network-Centric Warfare paradigm will provide Ground Soldiers in the U.S. Army with large amounts of information needed to maintain Situational Awareness and to perform successfully in the field. Current information interfaces lack a targeted operational focus and provide a broad superset of… More

Multimodal Interfaces for Synthetic Training Environments (MIST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,779.00
Abstract:
Current synthetic training environments are limited in their effectiveness by their exclusive use of conventional human-computer interaction techniques (e.g., mouse/keyboard/joystick). To successfully train soldiers in small-unit tactics, trainees need to be able to interact with semi-automated… More

Automatic Recognition of Signs for Enhanced Navigation Awareness, and Localization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magns Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,473.00
Abstract:
GPS technology provides a warfighter in unfamiliar territory with up-to-date location data. However, in dense urban and heavily canopied environments, or in the presence of external interference, the effectiveness of GPS-based navigational systems can be severely compromised. Warfighters require a… More

A Toolkit for the Assessment of Effects-Based Operations (TAE-BO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,603.00
Abstract:
To address the need for effects-based assessment (EBA) tools, we propose to design and demonstrate a Toolkit for the Assessment of Effects-Based Operation (TAE-BO). Five core components characterize our effort: One, we will perform a Cognitive Tasks Analysis to understand the tasks, tools, and… More

A System for Enabling Distributed Visualization and Collaboration (EDVAC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,728.00
Abstract:
Modern military operations rely on the ability of intelligence personnel to manage large volumes of dynamic information from heterogeneous sources. The intelligence process is necessarily a cooperative effort, and collaborative reasoning about that data and its visual representations must be… More

Targeting Using Multi-Discriminant LADAR Technology (TUMULT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,738.00
Abstract:
While automatic target detection and recognition technologies have been developed and proven for a number of sensor modalities (e.g. electro-optical (EO), infrared, and LADAR), none exhibit satisfactory performance when dealing with objects camouflaged by dense forest canopies. The effective… More

Rapid Evaluation and Analysis of Communication in Teams (REACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. AT BUFFALO
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $99,942.00
RI Contact: James Llinas
Abstract:
In a Net Centric Battlespace, information is constantly shared along both formal and informal channels. Informal means of communication such as chat rooms are often employed when standard channels of communication do not fit the emergent work practice of a group. Despite its inefficiency, this… More

ADaptive Augmented Reality based Assistance System (ADARAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ashley Nunes, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,982.00
Abstract:
Augmented Reality (AR) has been proposed as a means of assisting technicians tasked with maintaining weapons platforms. Despite its various benefits, the effectiveness of AR as a means of improving performance dictates that the traditional challenges associated with scene recognition and information… More

Parameterized-Agents Collaboratively Tracking (PACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Scott K. Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,965.00
Abstract:
The need for mostly-autonomous robotic systems to perform robust tracking and identification of dismounts is especially acute in urban asymmetric scenarios where the possibility of losing track of a potentially armed dismount makes the risks to an organic asset too large. The constraints of… More

Market-based Optimization of Space Sensors (MOSS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,978.00
Abstract:
Future space-based sensors have more complex data processing requirements and thus need more efficient sensor management tools to ensure their effective operation. Moreover, the dynamic, real-time nature of the domain requires a solution capable of adaptive scheduling. Here, we propose a system that… More

Reclassification Agent for Information Dissemination Security (RAIDS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,876.00
Abstract:
We propose to design and demonstrate the feasibility of a Reclassification Agent for Information Dissemination Security (RAIDS) to assist the human review process for multi-level security classifications. RAIDS will suggest an appropriate security classification level (e.g., secret, unclassified)… More

Tool for enhancing operator Appreciation of socio-Cultural information through Intelligent agent-based Training (TACIT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Ashley Nunes, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
The ability to classify threats is dependent on a mission planner's ability to integrate various categories of information. Socio-cultural information represents one information type that while important has traditionally been ignored by systems developers seeking to enhance the training… More

Measure of Realness for Target Image Scoring (MORTIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Scientist
Award Amount: $69,817.00
Abstract:
One obstacle to the increased use of smart weapons and unmanned air vehicles is a lack of appropriate data to train current or contemplated onboard automatic target recognition (ATR) systems. Generating synthetic data is an appealingly simple solution, but this requires a simulator that can generate… More

Learning and Mining using Bagged Augmented Decision Trees (LAMBAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott Ralph, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,752.00
Abstract:
Standoff weapons like seeker missiles enable strikes at targets of opportunity in limited-access areas while minimizing risk to warfighters. However, seekers cannot be deployed quickly enough for these short-notice missions because of two limitations of their onboard ATR systems: 1) ATRs cannot… More

A Linked, Integrated Visualization System for IO (LIVIO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,906.00
Abstract:
Numerous advances have been made to provide the Commander with visualizations of the physical spatio-temporal battlespace, but efforts to visualize Information Operations (IO) concepts are lacking. While physical, kinetic operations map naturally to particular visual elements (e.g., maps, symbols,… More

Modular Affective Reasoning-based Versatile Introspective Architecture (MARVIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,901.00
Abstract:
Robotic vehicles, unmanned systems, and critical command and control networks rely on systems that need to operate effectively in complex, dynamic, and adversarial environments. Currently fielded systems are not up to par-they can be immobilized by simple component failures. Future operations will… More

Construction and Validation Environment for Social Simulations (CAVES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,780.00
Abstract:
U.S. political and military decision makers need to make decisions about extremely large, complex socio-political systems. Our objective is to enable these decision makers to evaluate and plan courses of action (COAs) with the aid of computer-based simulations that predict the possible effects… More

Integrated Collaboration Environment for Sense-Making

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan M. Kilgore, Scientist
Award Amount: $744,567.00
Abstract:
Intelligence analysis is a cognitively intensive process that requires analysts to mine immense data sets, extract knowledge from collected evidence, understand the implications of such knowledge, and generate, evaluate, and defend selected explanations against all others - collectively referred to… More

Argumentation-based Negotiation for Automated Sensor Tasking (ANAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen S. Ho, Scientist
Award Amount: $749,841.00
Abstract:
Information dominance has become an essential component of military operations with tactical thinking focused on the 'see first, understand first, act first, finish decisively' principle. Of critical importance is the military's ability to use its sensor resources in the most relevant and effective… More

Exploiting Meta-Information to Train Sensor Operators (EMITS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,852.00
Abstract:
A sensor operator supporting Air Force intelligence operations is often inadequately prepared to reason about qualifiers of incoming information(meta-information) resulting in poor situational awareness and decision-making. To improve a sensor operator's ability to support the intelligence process,… More

Modular Adaptive Interface Suite (MAIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Karen A. Harper, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,703.00
Abstract:
Advances in aircraft performance and operational capabilities have led to a dramatic increase in the operational tempo facing the air combat (fixed- or rotary-wing) aviator, reducing the time available to process larger sets of tactically-relevant information and make effective operational decisions… More

Graphical Authoring Tool for Inference Rules (GATIR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,781.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army's Natick Research, Development, and Engineering Center (RDEC) develops and applies modeling and simulation (M&S) technologies to evaluate new Ground Soldier systems in terms of their ability to maximize individual combatant (IC) effectiveness and small-unit Ground Soldier capabilities.… More

Preemptive Actions with Dynamic Anticipatory Targeting (PREDATAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David Lawless, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $749,834.00
Abstract:
A target type prediction system dubbed PREDATAR has been designed under a Phase I effort, to provide evolving probabilistic identifications of ground targets nominated as Time Sensitive Targets (TSTs), well in advance of their positive identification (PID). For each TST, a probabilistic… More

Integrated ISR Plan Analysis and Rehearsal System (I2PARS) for Effects Based Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,954.00
Abstract:
A key element to attaining decision superiority is the effective and timely use of ISR assets. The capabilities of manned and unmanned collection platforms, combined with space-based assets portend a huge increase in the effectiveness of ISR to achieve decision superiority. However, a key impediment… More

Enhancing Simulation-based Training Adversary Tactics via Evolution (ESTATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: BRANDEIS UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,946.00
RI Contact: Jordan Pollack
Abstract:
To significantly extend modern simulation-based training environments to incorporate realistic and adaptive adversary behavior in line with today's asymmetric strategies and tactics, we propose to develop a system for Enhancing Simulation-based Training Adversary Tactics via Evolution (ESTATE). The… More

Integrated Fusion and Routing System (IFRS) for UAV ISR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF NEW ORLEANS
Principal Investigator: Stephen Ho, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,770.00
RI Contact: X. R. Li
Abstract:
As the quantity of available ISR sensor platforms increases, efficient cooperative routing of ISR assets for successful data collection becomes more difficult to coordinate. Additionally, the volume of information collected precludes comprehensive and timely human analysis. Automated routing… More

Meta-Information Visualization and Processing for C2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $1,299,811.00
Abstract:
We propose to design, develop, and evaluate methods for Meta-Information Visualization and Processing (MVP) for BMD C2. These methods will assist BMD operators in reasoning about large amounts of complex information - a task made more challenging due to meta-information (i.e., qualifiers of… More

Resource Relationship Management for Defensive Counterspace (RRM4DCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,900.00
Abstract:
Effective defensive counterspace (DCS) begins with the ability to maintain space situational awareness (SSA). The detection and discrimination of spacecraft events has moved from low-level alarms, to the application of data fusion (DF) across multiple levels, and most recently, to the use of… More

LANguage Conversion Engine (LANCE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,719.00
Abstract:
From 1987-1997, DoD required Ada for every software project where new code generation was more than 30% of the effort. With the decline in Ada's popularity, it has become increasingly difficult to find skilled Ada developers to maintain this legacy code. Code maintainers that don't know Ada… More

Knowledge-based Access and Data Integration (KADI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Joseph Gorman, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,789.00
Abstract:
The array of rapidly-improving sensors onboard combat aircraft shows great potential to enhance the current situational awareness capabilities of the United States Air Force. Such non-traditional sensors collect a wide and diverse range of data that can offer a more accurate and comprehensive Common… More

Framework to Ensure and Assess Trustworthiness in Sensor Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,977.00
Abstract:
Current trends suggest that in future concepts of operations a host of ubiquitous sensors will transparently provide ISR and decision support "on demand" to the warfighter without the need for tasking or querying individual sensors. Before this can happen, however, it is essential to significantly… More

Gradual Revelation of Organized Information via Interactive Transmission (GROKIT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Alex Feinman, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,920.00
Abstract:
PowerPointT is ubiquitous within government, military, academic, and commercial organizations, yet has many drawbacks that impair knowledge transfer. Authors must fit information into a linear array of slide-size chunks, built from generic primitives like bullets and clipart. This organization can… More

Image-based Navigation for Cloud Avoidance (INCA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Daniel Gutchess, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,822.00
Abstract:
Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) such as Global Hawk must exercise due regard for the safety of other aircraft by performing sense and avoid, providing an "equivalent level of safety", compared to manned aircraft. However, the Air Force frequently needs to fly UAS missions covertly using emissions… More

Architecture for Perceptual Sensing and Information Displays (PERSEID)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,958.00
Abstract:
The evolution of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) technologies and their integration into network-centric operations has provided significant advances in providing critical information to C2ISR operators and the Commanders that they support. However, these sensors gather so much… More

Achieving SSA Through Representation of Meta-information and Intelligent Search Technology (ASTROMIST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,848.00
Abstract:
A critical element of our global military dominance is the overwhelming capabilities afforded by the US military space segment. Successful space operations are dependent upon accurate and actionable space situational awareness (SSA), a concept that goes beyond simple cataloging of the location and… More

A framework for intelligent Fusion Of Real-Time Measures Across Live-Virtual-Constructive Environments (FORMAL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,765.00
Abstract:
While billions of dollars have been spent over the past several years on the development of training systems, testing infrastructures, and Live-Virtual-Constructive (LVC) interoperability, there is still no common approach to objective human performance measurement. The purpose, after all, of a… More

Four-Dimensional User-Defined Spatio-Temporal Enhanced Interface Technologies (FUSE-IT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,934.00
Abstract:
To effectively control the battlespace, AOC warfighters must rapidly perceive and understand complex geospatial and temporal relationships (e.g., the evolving 3D geometry of SAM-site threat envelopes, the potential for flight path conflicts over mission duration). Advanced 4-dimensional Common… More

Culturally Aware Agents for Training Environments (CAATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Scott N. Reilly, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army is increasingly conducting non-kinetic missions that bring Soldiers into close contact with indigenous populations, requiring them to interact and communicate effectively with people whose culture, language, lifestyle, and beliefs are very different from their own. It has become… More

Arbitrage Look-ahead Agents for Market-based Optimization (ALAMO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Christopher Farnham, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $999,852.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in an unpredictable, real-time environment and thus requires an adaptive approach to optimization that dynamically allocates sensors and their supporting resources in response to changing goals and constraints. Here, we propose a system of Arbitrage Look-ahead Agents for… More

Dynamic Information Needs and Agent-Based Model Updating Service (DINAMUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Curtis Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $69,140.00
Abstract:
Timely and efficient access to resources drives successful Battle Command (BC) operations. With the BC migration focus on rapid integration of new systems into a net-centric environment, authoritative sources supporting BC services are developed to satisfy immediate functional needs of the commander… More

Counterinsurgency Campaign Design Tool (COIN-CDT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,739.00
Abstract:
To plan and conduct an effective counterinsurgency campaign, commanders first need to understand what they are facing. Because insurgencies vary widely, change rapidly, do not conform to existing doctrine, and are highly complex, figuring out the situation can be the most difficult part of planning… More

Displays for Ecological VSTOL Operation (DEVO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: MASSACHUSETTS INST. OF TECHNOLOGY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,864.00
RI Contact: Michael P. Corcoran
Abstract:
Despite their utility, VSTOL aircraft have been plagued by high accident rates, leading to unacceptable safety risks and extensive equipment maintenance costs. To enhance VSTOL safety, particularly under instrument flight or degraded visual conditions, we will design, demonstrate, and evaluate novel… More

Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction (COMMUTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Scientist
Award Amount: $69,914.00
Abstract:
Contemporary tactical missiles use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) as an economical means of self-localization and target location identification, but GPS signals are subject to jamming and intermittent unavailability. When a missile loses its ability to reliably self-locate, its strike capability… More

Integrated Visualization and Control for Live, Virtual, and Constructive Training Management IVAC-4-LVAC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: INST. FOR HUMAN & MACHINE COGNITION
Principal Investigator: Scott S. Potter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,938.00
RI Contact: Larry Warrenfeltz
Abstract:
To help training managers process the diverse and high-volume streams of information from LVC training exercises and control the entities within those exercises, we propose to design and demonstrate a system for Integrated Visualization and Control for Live, Virtual, and Constructive Training… More

Aquatic Vessel ATR using Structural Traits (AVAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Scientist
Award Amount: $69,933.00
Abstract:
To maximize situational awareness and survivability of Navy assets in littoral environments, Navy submarines must be able to quickly distinguish between hostile targets and similarly-sized non-hostile vessels. Currently, skilled personnel determine if each contact is hostile. This approach is… More

Probabilistic and Relational Inferences in Dynamic Environments (PRIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: HARVARD UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Subrata K. Das, Chief Scientist
Award Amount: $98,908.00
RI Contact: Helia Morris
Abstract:
Reasoning under uncertainty is a critical capability for systems that support intelligent decision making in defense applications. Probability theory is a sound, widely accepted basis for reasoning under uncertainty. The environments in which decisions are made are rich and complex. Logical… More

Attack-Centric Autonomic Detector of Insider Adversaries (ACADIA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: John T. Langton, Associate Scientist
Award Amount: $99,981.00
Abstract:
Most state-of-the-art cyber security systems focus primarily on detecting and remediating external threats and do not address insider attacks. Any user who can log into a network locally or remotely constitutes an insider on that network. Such trusted entities often have access to details of their… More

Distributed Multidimensional Analysis of Battlespace Weather

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,946.00
Abstract:
Weather is a critical factor in the success or failure of a wide variety of military operations. Therefore, the ability to accurately predict the weather and efficiently incorporate these predictions into operational planning and execution represents a significant advantage over any adversary.… More

Optimized Planning for Threat Interception using Markets for Uncertainty Management (OPTIMUM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Christopher Farnham, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,695.00
Abstract:
Emerging threats and technologies have significantly increased the requirements for successful battle management and fire control in ballistic missile defense applications. The growing interdependencies between weapons and sensor systems demand defensive planning tools that integrate weapon… More

Collaborative Multimodal Environment for Data Integration and Analysis (C-MEDIA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,711.00
Abstract:
Warfighters within the modern Air Operations Center (AOC) must successfully integrate and manage dynamic, time-sensitive information from a large number of heterogeneous and multimodal information sources accessed through a variety of software applications, all while collaborating in real-time as… More

Impact Assessment for Defensive Counterspace (IA4DCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul G. Gonsalves, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,057.00
Abstract:
A key element to supporting Space Situation Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS) operations is to develop capabilities that address the characterization and the impact assessment that attacks and environmental effects have on our military space infrastructure. The Space Vehicles… More

Software Trustworthiness Assessment Tool (STAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $741,135.00
Abstract:
Warfighters are increasingly dependent on software systems that must be reliable and secure to perform their missions. There is a growing concern about system security because many current software systems are neither reliable nor secure. Software should ideally be secure from external agents and… More

Adaptive User-Guided Multimodal ENhanced Troubleshooter (AUGMENT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $599,831.00
Abstract:
The effectiveness of weapons platforms employed by the Marine Corps is dependent on a maintenance technician's ability to rapidly diagnose and solve problems associated with them. Given the unfavorable distribution of novice versus expert maintainers, it would be ideal if intelligent agents could be… More

Cyber Situational Awareness Service and Software Development Kit (CSASS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
Cyber warfare tactics can covertly turn our forces' technological strength into an operational weakness. While much of the attention in both the military and commercial cyber security communities is on abrupt and blunt attacks on the network, the most insidious cyber threat to our forces are subtle… More

LANguage Conversion Engine (LANCE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $999,902.00
Abstract:
From 1987-1997, DoD required Ada for every software project where new code generation was more than 30% of the effort. With the decline in Ada's popularity, it has become increasingly difficult to find skilled Ada developers to maintain this legacy code. Code maintainers who don't know Ada typically… More

Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Dan Gutchess, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,714.00
Abstract:
The "see first, understand first, act first, finish decisively" principle requires that military commanders and analysts be provided a complete, up-to-the-second view of the battlefield. Currently deployed full motion video (FMV) sensors provide crucial real-time situational awareness, but suffer… More

Games for Insider Threat Activity Recognition (GITAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Catherine Call, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,820.00
Abstract:
Considerable investment has been made in defensive cyberwarfare to prevent enemies and potential enemies from penetrating DoD networks. Little investment has been made, however, in training DoD personnel to detect and thwart insider threats to these networks. There are a variety of technologies for… More

Virtual Personalities for Online Counterinsurgency (VPOC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Scott Neal Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,909.00
Abstract:
Effective U.S. counterinsurgency operations, including counter-recruiting efforts, will need to understand and undermine the narratives that insurgents use for recruiting, support, and fundraising, and replace them with new narratives that encourage peaceful engagement. Current insurgent messages… More

A System to Analyze Facial Features to Enable Operator Condition Tracking (AFFECT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,716.00
RI Contact: Carol Sprague
Abstract:
The duties of modern military personnel often require the completion of challenging tasks, in stressful environments, and with multiple demands competing for the warfighter's focus. Measuring the stress, anxiety, uncertainty, and fatigue (SAUF) of the warfighter during a particular task would have… More

Enabling Representation of Meta-Information in Net-Centric Environments (ERMINE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF BUFFALO
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,983.00
RI Contact: Martina Tsai
Abstract:
The modern military environment is shifting towards the paradigm of network-centric warfare (NCW). NCW harnesses the power of multiple information systems operating concurrently and makes a wealth of information available to the Warfighter, but can result in information overload. As a result, there… More

Bioinformatic Generated and Learned Acute Assessment Models (BioGLAAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: Univ. of Mass. Medical School
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,703.00
RI Contact: Bethanne Giehl
Abstract:
Hemorrhagic shock remains a leading cause of death for soldiers on the battlefield. The first 60 minutes following a traumatic injury is vital to saving lives; therefore, it is critical to provide medical personnel with real time monitoring of soldiers with traumatic injuries. Recent research… More

Aquatic Vessel ATR using Structural Traits (AVAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $605,137.00
Abstract:
To maximize situational awareness and survivability in littoral environments, Navy submarines must be able to quickly distinguish between hostile targets and similarly-sized non-hostile vessels. Currently, skilled personnel determine if each contact is hostile. This approach is limited by the number… More

Evolvable Microgame for Information Assurance Training (EMIAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott Potter, PhD, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,843.00
Abstract:
With the central role that computers and networks play in the DoDs network-centric environment, all warfighters must have the knowledge and awareness of how information assurance (IA) threats and exploits can significantly degrade operational readiness. While IA threats have been recognized for… More

Modeling User-Defined Operating Pictures (UDOPs) within Simulation Environments (MUSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Scott Neal Reilly, PhD, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $364,969.00
Abstract:
The Network-Centric Warfare paradigm will provide Ground Soldiers in the U.S. Army with large amounts of information needed to maintain Situational Awareness and perform successfully in the field. Current information interfaces lack a targeted operational focus and provide a broad superset of data,… More

Framework to Ensure and Assess Trustworthiness in Sensor Systems (FEATS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $749,656.00
Abstract:
Current trends suggest that in future concepts of operations, ubiquitous sensors will transparently provide ISR and decision support on demand to the warfighter without the need for tasking or querying individual sensors. Before this can happen, however, it is essential to significantly improve the… More

Multi-Intel for Space Situation Awareness (MInt4SSA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine
Award Amount: $98,558.00
Abstract:
The prominent role that space-based assets play in ISR, navigation, communications, and targeting exposes a critical vulnerability for US military operations. To maintain our military dominance, the US Air Force is actively pursuing Space Situation Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS)… More

Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,576.00
Abstract:
Advanced automation capabilities and human-computer interfaces are needed to enhance operator situation awareness and reduce the cognitive work of supervising unmanned vehicle teams in complex airspaces and waterspaces. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Replanning and… More

Tool for Assessing and Conveying Testimony Veracity (TACT-V)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $729,764.00
Abstract:
Human Intelligence (HUMINT) collectors, whether trained Military Intelligence (MI) experts or Infantrymen, face a transition in the way they collect intelligence from indigenous populations, particularly in Counter-Insurgency (COIN) operations. This transition is driven by the high frequency with… More

Software Protection through Autonomic Representation of Knowledge (SPARK)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Catherine D. Call, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,786.00
Abstract:
Cyberspace is a war-fighting domain, and cyber warfare poses a real and significant threat to the security of the United States. Today's nation-state-class attacks target critical software applications and intellectual property via acts of piracy, theft, and reverse engineering. They are… More

Impact Assessment Modeling for Defensive Counterspace (IAM4DCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, CTO
Award Amount: $99,912.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Military relies extensively on space assets to support intelligence, surveillance, communications, and targeting. Effective defensive counterspace (DCS) to protect and defend those space assets begins with the ability to maintain space situational awareness (SSA). The detection and… More

Development and Run-time Environment for Aviation Models (DREAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Air Traffic Control is a critical function in the U.S. Army, the proper training of which remains of utmost importance to maintain a safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of military air traffic. Fully staffing simulated training exercises with qualified human pilots can be costly and difficult to… More

Simulation Optimization Engine (SIMON) for Missile Defense

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,953.00
Abstract:
As evidenced by recent events, missile defense remains a crucial component for protecting the United States and her allies from potential long range threats. Modeling and simulation (M&S) is recognized by the Missile Defense Agency as a key enabling technology supporting Warfighters and analysts… More

Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, PhD, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,534.00
Abstract:
Improved first aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall represent a promising approach to reducing battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first aid skills, we will design and demonstrate Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train… More

Modular Affective Reasoning-based Versatile Introspective Architecture (MARVIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Scott Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,635.00
Abstract:
Robotic vehicles, unmanned systems, and critical command and control networks need to operate effectively in complex, dynamic, and adversarial environments. Currently, fielded systems are not up to the task as they are not able to dynamically modify their behavior to suit the changing environment… More

Continuously Optimized Markets for Mission Assured Networking with Dynamic Environments and Resources (COMMANDER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $98,663.00
Abstract:
The goal of Net-Centric Warfare (NCW) is to provide the warfighter with the right information at the right time. As command and control (C2) doctrine and tactics evolve with NCW at their core, mission critical tasks become increasingly reliant on the integrity and responsiveness of network… More

Learning and Mining using Bagged Augmented Decision Trees (LAMBAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Scientist
Award Amount: $729,828.00
Abstract:
Standoff weapons such as seeker missiles enable strikes at targets of opportunity in limited-access areas while minimizing risk to warfighters. However, seekers cannot be deployed quickly enough for these short-notice, opportunistic missions because of two limitations of their onboard ATR systems:… More

Moving Object Tracking Onboard a Moving Platform (MOTO-MP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Scientist
Award Amount: $98,154.00
Abstract:
Mobile robots are a valuable asset to warfighters, keeping them out of harms way while remotely conducting dangerous bomb-disposal and reconnaissance missions. Autonomous and semi-autonomous operation of these robots would provide additional benefit by freeing up the attention of the operator for… More

A System for Linking, Indexing, and Validating IO COAs (LIVIO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,860.00
Abstract:
Current military operations are increasingly dependent on Information Operations (IO), which demand an in-depth understanding of the impact of an IO course of action (COA) on targets in the Area of Operations (AO). Currently, IO COA planning follows the process of traditional kinetic COA generation,… More

Efficient Video Event Retrieval using Ensemble Subspace Techniques (EVEREST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Daniel Gutchess, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $98,931.00
Abstract:
As the use of persistent aerial video surveillance has grown, the means to produce imagery has far outstripped the means to exploit imagery. Due to this discrepancy, video is often archived for off-line review, resulting in massive video databases that are drastically under-utilized today. To help… More

Terrain Reconstruction Using Super-resolution Techniques (TRUST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Scientist
Award Amount: $98,728.00
Abstract:
Persistent Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) is playing an increasingly important role in modern warfare and has spurred the development of large-format imaging sensors that will continuously image an entire city or town at a ground sample distance (GSD) as small as 10cm. Deployed… More

EasyCog: Affordable and Easy to Develop Cognitive Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,945.00
Abstract:
Applications that incorporate Human Behavior Models (HBMs) have the potential to improve the training, decision-making, and even the operational effectiveness of US forces. This software can mimic human decision-making, reasoning, learning, social and cultural biases, as well as perceptual,… More

Anthropometric Modeling and Automatic Pose Reconstruction (Anthro-MAPR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,881.00
Abstract:
While significant advances have been made in technologies for automatically acquiring and trackingand even identifyingdismounts in video, automatic characterization of human behavior remains an open problem that hinders our intelligence dominance against asymmetric threats. To enable the development… More

Advanced Visualization and Support Environment (ADVISE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott Potter, PhD, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,920.00
Abstract:
An operator within the JSpOC faces a continuous and rapid flow of intelligence from disparate and distributed sensors, theatre participants, and other operators, all of which may or may not accurately reflect the current operational situation. Despite having technology that fuses these heterogeneous… More

Scene Understanding for Semi-Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magns Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $119,714.00
Abstract:
The Army has a clear need for a small mobile robot capable of accompanying a single soldier. Such a robot would help solve both logistical problems of individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems of scouting unsafe… More

Hybrid Architecture supporting Multiple Models of Enemy Reactions (HAMMER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, PhD, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,747.00
Abstract:
Commanders engaged in modern counterinsurgency warfare achieve success by accounting for adversary behaviors and responses to courses of action during the planning process. A single type of modeling formalism is unable to capture all of the dynamics of modern asymmetric warfarethere are too many… More

Collaborative Autonomy for Robots Using Signals of Opportunity (CARUSO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,950.00
Abstract:
Urban combat presents the warfighter with significant and complex challenges, especially when dealing with targets that are located deep within buildings and other structures. Unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) have proven useful in providing remote reconnaissance for indoor environments and there has… More

Video and Image Enhancement Workbench for Aerial Surveillance and Tracking (VIEW-FAST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,886.00
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are becoming a critical part of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) and Close Air Support-Troops in Contact (CAS-TIC) missions. Aerial imagery can provide ground forces with critical information about enemy capabilities and locations. However,… More

Trust-Aware Routing Protocol (TARP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,795.00
Abstract:
The Layered Sensing Leadership Group has defined the Layered Sensing Concept as key to future Air Force Science & Technology strategy, and effective data dissemination is integral to its success. A wireless sensor network (WSN) must not only maintain rapid throughput with minimal power consumption,… More

Virtual Interactive Parent (VIP) System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,707.00
Abstract:
Military deployment practices necessarily separate families, and therefore inflict significant psychological stress, particularly in young children. Readily available contact with the deployed parent could reduce stress on the child. That reduction could in turn improve the service member's… More

Uncertainty-modeling Rules for Situational Awareness (URSA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, PhD, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,672.00
Abstract:
To provide improved Collaborative Situation Awareness (CSA) and, ultimately, improve the Warfighter's operational success, PEO Soldier is developing new equipment, technologies, and tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that leverage the wealth of information available to Net-Centric Soldiers.… More

A System to Capture Automated Metrics of Performance (SCAMP) for JAOC C2 Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott Potter, PhD, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,841.00
Abstract:
Effective Joint Air Operations Center (JAOC) command and control (C2) activities require coordination and communication among a wide variety of services and agencies. However, many of the metrics in current assessment tools are not tailored specifically to JAOC processes. Furthermore, the rapid pace… More

VIsual Representation Techniques for Integrated, Goal-Oriented Awareness (VIRTIGO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, PhD, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,699.00
Abstract:
Advanced network visualization techniques are required to improve cross-domain situation awareness and support goal-oriented decision-making within the AOC. To address this need, we propose to design and demonstrate novel VIsual Representation Techniques for Integrated, Goal-Oriented awareness… More

ICONVIEW - ISR CONstellation Visualization and Investigative Evaluation Workbench

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dan Stouch, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The complex challenges of successfully managing and tasking ISR assets to collect sensor data include the requirement for each ISR collection route to satisfy multiple constraints (e.g., collision avoidance and limited fuel supply) that make manual planning difficult. ISR routes must also meet… More

Data Integration across Distributed Autonomous Sensor Platforms (DIDASP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Scott Harrison, Software Engineer
Award Amount: $69,416.00
Abstract:
Unmanned vehicles have become an increasingly important tool of the U.S. armed forces in recent military conflicts. It is critical that these vehicles be able to fuse data from a variety of heterogeneous, widely dispersed sensor platforms into meaningful information, and share that information in a… More

Automatic Recognition of Signs for Enhanced Navigation Awareness, and Localization (ARSENAL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $364,602.00
Abstract:
GPS technology provides a warfighter in unfamiliar territory with up-to-date location data. However, in dense urban and heavily canopied environments, or in the presence of external interference, the effectiveness of GPS-based navigational systems can be s

Knowledge-based Access and Data Integration (KADI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Joseph C. Gorman, Principal Software Engine
Award Amount: $749,813.00
Abstract:
The growing arsenal of rapidly-improving, network-centric sensor platforms shows great potential to enhance the current situational awareness capabilities of the United States Air Force. Such non-traditional sensors collect a diverse range of data that can offer a more accurate and comprehensive… More

Architecture for Perceptual Sensing and Information Displays (PERSEID)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Scott Neal Reilly, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $749,669.00
Abstract:
The evolution of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) technologies and their integration into network-centric operations has provided significant advances in providing critical information to C2ISR operators and the Commanders that they support. However, these sensors gather so much… More

Four-Dimensional User-Defined Spatio-Temporal Enhanced Interface Toolkit (FUSE-IT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, PhD, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,877.00
Abstract:
To effectively control the battlespace, AOC warfighters must rapidly perceive and understand complex geospatial and temporal relationships (e.g., the evolving 3D geometry of SAM-site threat envelopes, the potential for flight path conflicts over mission duration). Advanced 4-dimensional Common… More

Attack-Centric Autonomic Detector of Insider Adversaries (ACADIA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Catherine Call, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $746,253.00
Abstract:
The Federal Plan for Cyber Security and Information Assurance R&D identifies insider cyber attacks as one of the highest threats to the national security infrastructure (2005), and according to a CERT Insider Threat Study (Keeney et al., 2005), the majority of insider attacks are detected only after… More

Monocular Unmanned Leader-Follower (MULE-F) System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,931.00
RI Contact: John F. Imbergamo
Abstract:
The Army has a clear need for a small unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) capable of autonomously accompanying a single soldier or vehicle. Such a UGV would help solve both logistical problems of soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical… More

Precision Information Environment for Collaborative Emergency Support (PIECES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Ryan M. Kilgore
Award Amount: $99,737.08
Abstract:
Decision makers responding to homeland security incidents must rapidly integrate and manage dynamic, time-sensitive information from a large number of heterogeneous and multimodal information sources accessed through a variety of software applications, all while collaborating in real-time as… More

FreeSwim: Autonomous Behaviors for Undersea Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Marc Richards, Scientist
Award Amount: $69,942.00
RI Contact: David Bowen
Abstract:
Future naval operations are expected to make extensive use of unmanned vehicles to support a range of operations, including intelligence gathering, mine warfare, force protection, and anti-submarine warfare. Current unmanned systems are typically controlled remotely by an operator who directly… More

Automated Linguistic Analysis Revealing Misrepresentation and Messaging (ALARMM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Cornell University
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,543.00
RI Contact: Mark B. Fallon
Abstract:
The proposed Automated Linguistic Analysis Revealing Misrepresentation and Messaging (ALARMM) system significantly advances the state of the art in detecting deception in unstructured data such as Web sites and chat messages. Our research focuses on automated techniques based on linguistic theory… More

MANERVA: Mission Assessment of Non-Manned Entities for Rating the Validation of Autonomy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,535.00
RI Contact: Steven A. Singer
Abstract:
The dependability, persistence, and versatility of unmanned systems have made them indispensable assets in today's warfighting. As they are tasked to fulfill new missions in unpredictable, dynamic environments, they are transitioning from remote control into the realm of autonomy. Here they perform… More

Culturally and Socially Aware Believable Agents (CASABA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,795.00
Abstract:
Stability operations often require junior leaders and Warfighters with limited experience to interact and communicate personally and effectively with people whose cultures, languages, lifestyle, and beliefs are very different from those found in the U.S. It has become increasingly clear that… More

A Tool to Represent, Analyze, and Collaborate on Knowledge for HSCB (TRACK-HSCB)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,828.00
Abstract:
Counterinsurgency and counterterrorism missions are an ever-increasing priority for today's military. These missions could be supported at all echelons by insights from emerging human socio-cultural behavior (HSCB) models. However, there is frequently a disconnect between HSCB models' outputs,… More

Tool to Improve Collaboration between Operators and Reachback Analysts (TICORA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $98,870.00
Abstract:
Modern full-spectrum operations require that military decision-makers possess an understanding of the human social, cultural, and behavioral (HSCB) dynamics of a region so they can plan effective courses of action (COAs). To ensure that COAs are congruent with the HSCB aspects of an intended… More

Enabling Representation of Meta-Information in Net-Centric Environments (ERMINE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University at Buffalo, SUNY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan D. Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $743,473.00
RI Contact: Martina Tsai
Abstract:
We propose to develop and evaluate generalizable techniques for Enabling Representation of Meta-Information in Net-Centric Environments (ERMINE). The proposed ERMINE effort represents a fundamental contribution to research in meta-information portrayal that will generalize across domains. Under… More

Metric for Analyzing Radar Image Effectiveness (MARIE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magns Snorrason, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,926.00
Abstract:
The challenge is to develop an image quality metric and prediction model for SAR imagery that addresses exploitation by automated tools (i.e., ATR) and trained imagery analysts. Our approach rests on a deep understanding and experience with the Radar National Imagery Interpretability Ratings Scale… More

Simulation for Ubiquitous REd Flag Instruction and REadying (SUREFIRE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,937.00
Abstract:
To participate in Red Flag exercises participants must be familiar with specific procedures, conditions, and training rules for range safety. Preparing non-US participants requires USAF personnel to travel to each participating country to provide this pre-exercise familiarization. This is expensive… More

A COA Analysis, Recommendation, and Development System (CARDS) to support Space C2

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Current planning for Space C2 in the Joint Space Operations Center (JSpOC) is mostly a manual process. Since COA development and analysis includes a large amount of information and many potential options, aspects of both red and blue COAs that may go unconsidered, suggesting that a mixed-initiative… More

INSTrumental Interfaces for Layered Sensing (INSTILS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Scott Potter, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,951.00
Abstract:
Irregular warfare and the increased pace of operations have drastically reduced the time available for tactical responses, resulting in the shift of power to the tactical edge. As decision making responsibilities are pushed down the command chain, warfighters at every echelon require situational… More

Multi-Agent Distributed Continuous and Asynchronous Planning (MADCAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Catherine Call, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Human adversaries, rapidly evolving malware and pandemics, large scale natural disasters, and disruptions to the national infrastructure all require complex, dynamic defensive responses. While our ability to communicate has increased, our response remains sequential: our plans are based on a priori… More

Applying MOEs to web Based Activity (AMOEBA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $99,974.00
Abstract:
Effectively countering terrorist Web sites requires understanding how those Web sites attempt to influence their target audiences and how effective that influence is. This is difficult because the exact objectives and target audiences of those sites are not known and the available data is largely… More

Mapping Of Local Environments for Reconnaissance And Training (MOLE-RAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,983.00
Abstract:
Unmanned ground systems provide the warfighter with a variety of standoff capabilities. One application is remote entry and exploration of urban structures and other potentially dangerous enclosed spaces. A robot capable of autonomously navigating these structures while simultaneously building a 3D… More

Simulation Optimization Engine (SIMON II) for Missile Defense

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,966.00
Abstract:
Missile defense remains a crucial component for protecting the United States and her allies from potential long-range threats. Modeling and simulation (M&S) is recognized by the Missile Defense Agency as a key enabling technology supporting Warfighters and analysts in ballistic missile defense… More

ICONVIEW - ISR CONstellation Visualization and Investigative Evaluation Workbench

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,870.00
Abstract:
Generating a collection plan for airborne ISR assets is a long-standing problem which has led to the development of many different automated management algorithms. Not only does a collection plan have to satisfy multiple constraints (e.g., collision avoidance, limited fuel supply), but it must also… More

Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $729,962.00
Abstract:
Improved first-aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall could significantly reduce battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first-aid skills, we executed a Phase I effort to design Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for… More

VIsual Representation Toolkit for Integrated, Goal-Oriented Awareness (VIRTIGO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Alex Godwin, Scientist
Award Amount: $749,491.00
Abstract:
Advanced battlespace network visualization techniques are required to improve cross-domain situation awareness and support goal-oriented decision-making within the AOC. To address this need, we propose to design and demonstrate a VIsual Representation Toolkit for Integrated, Goal-Oriented awareness… More

Scene Understanding for Semi-Autonomous Navigation (SUSAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $729,618.00
Abstract:
The Army has a clear need for a small mobile robot capable of accompanying a single soldier. Such a robot would help solve both logistical problems of individual soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems of scouting unsafe… More

Dynamic Application and Model Updating System (DYNAMUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $729,995.00
Abstract:
Timely and efficient access to information resources drives successful Battle Command (BC) operations, particularly information collection, management, and analysis. Authoritative sources supporting BC applications must be developed to satisfy dynamic needs of active units, incorporating features as… More

Uncertainty-modeling Rules for Situational Awareness (URSA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $729,666.00
Abstract:
To provide improved Collaborative Situation Awareness (CSA) and, ultimately, improve the Warfighters operational success, PEO Soldier is developing new equipment, technologies, and tactics, techniques and procedures (TTPs) that leverage the wealth of information available to Net-Centric Soldiers.… More

Continuous Optical Mapping for Munitions Using Terrain Elevation and Reconstruction (COMMUTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $729,992.00
Abstract:
Contemporary tactical missiles use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) as an economical means of self-localization and target location identification, but GPS signals are subject to jamming and intermittent unavailability. When a missile loses its ability to reliably self-locate, its strike capability… More

Mission Language Translator (MLT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,930.00
Abstract:
Unmanned robotic systems are a vital component of todayf?Ts military operations. They are useful for reconnaissance, security, logistics, and support, including very high risk operations. Military Commanders and their staffs need to be able to control these system in the field based on dynamic… More

Multi-Intel for Space Situation Awareness (MInt4SSA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $742,621.00
Abstract:
Space-based assets"prominent role in ISR, navigation, communications, and targeting exposes a critical vulnerability for US military operations. To maintain our military dominance, the US Air Force is pursuing Space Situation Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS) techniques that… More

Services for Situational Awareness Through Uncertainty Representation of Ad-Hoc Network Data (SATURN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Sam Mahoney, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $67,768.00
Abstract:
There has been a massive growth in the volume and sources of data that can enhance the situational awareness of modern soldiers. Unfortunately, the capabilities of tactical networks have failed to keep pace with this growth, and a number of critical network constraints limit the ability of soldiers… More

Informed Mission Management via PAiring Resources to Tasks (IMPART)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,936.00
Abstract:
Within Air Operations Centers (AOCs), teams of highly-experienced personnel rely heavily on their expertise to match available resources to requested tasks. However, as platforms and sensors begin to emerge with multi-role capabilities, new challenges arise for mission managers in finding the… More

Business Intelligence Visualization System for Organizational Understanding, Analysis, and Collaboration (BIVOUAC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,893.00
Abstract:
Military information systems, including those used in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), aggregate massive amounts of heterogeneous data, but typically provide ineffective visualization tools to explore those datasets in support of high-quality, collaborative decision-making by distributed teams.… More

Advanced Replanning and Execution Tools for Heterogeneous Unmanned Systems (ARETHUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $499,921.00
Abstract:
Advanced automation capabilities and human-computer interfaces are needed to enhance operator situation awareness and reduce the cognitive work of supervising unmanned vehicle teams in complex airspaces. To address this need, we will design, develop, and evaluate Advanced Replanning and Execution… More

System for Understanding Potential Espionage and Reconnaissance in Network Operations through Visual Analytics (SUPERNOVA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,763.00
Abstract:
Today, security experts for high-value networks face a pernicious and evolving threat: hundreds to thousands of infected computers that work in coordination to overcome defensive network countermeasures. Distributed Intrusion Detection Systems (DIDS), consisting of connected IDS nodes that… More

EasyCog: Affordable and Easy to Develop Cognitive Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $1,491,673.00
Abstract:
Applications that incorporate human behavior models (HBMs) have the potential to improve the training, decision-making, and even the operational effectiveness of US forces. This software can mimic human decision-making, reasoning, learning, social and cultural biases, as well as perceptual,… More

Registration of EO and LIDAR using an Interoperability Architecture for Net-Centric Environments (RELIANCE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Dan Gutchess, Senior Software Engineer
Award Amount: $1,002,600.00
Abstract:
Currently deployed full motion video (FMV) sensors provide crucial real-time situational awareness, but suffer from limited field of view and lack of geographical context. Charles River proposes a system to augment current FMV displays with geographic information and real-time intelligence overlays… More

Laparoscopic Surgery Training System (LASTS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,893.00
Abstract:
What is needed is a more complete and validated set of standards for training and assessing Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS). The problem is determining what actually constitutes the necessary set of surgical skills, and how to measure the skills objectively. Additionally, such metrics must be… More

ALPACA, Adaptive Learned Priority Anytime Coding Algorithm

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $79,904.00
Abstract:
Future aircraft carriers will rely increasingly on automation as manning levels continue to decline, and opportunities are identified for "smart" automation. One particular area with great potential is in the health monitoring and diagnostics of aircraft launch and recovery equipment, through… More

Validation and Experimentation Toolkit for Spatiotemporal Reasoning (VETS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist
Award Amount: $69,613.00
Abstract:
To maximize the operational value of robotic systems, warfighters must be able to specify high-level commands to direct their autonomous partner's activities using multiple interaction methods that effectively convey spatiotemporal goals and constraints. The risks involved with unintended behaviors… More

Rapid API Verification Engine (RAVE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer
Award Amount: $64,309.00
Abstract:
To keep a large software system development effort on schedule and on budget, it is critical to ensure compliance of all software modules to an Application Programming Interface (API) specification. Currently, the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) discovers API compliance shortfalls in contractor… More

Evolvable Microgame for Information Assurance Training (EMIAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Scott S. Potter, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,626.00
Abstract:
Better Information Assurance (IA) training methods can significantly improve the security of the DoD"s network-centric environment. Existing IA training employs ineffective"tell-and-test"instructional methods, which do not adequately engage students and, more importantly, fail to… More

A System for Automated Real-time Collaboration Assessment for Distributed Environments (ARCADE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,955.00
Abstract:
As mission needs evolve, specialties and resources can be brought to bear through cross-agency or coalition collaborations. Each collaborator who joins the team brings along his or her training, doctrine, and processes, which introduces collaboration challenges. An automated capability to assess the… More

Precision Information Environment for Collaborative Emergency Support (PIECES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Ryan M. Kilgore – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,968.00
Abstract:
Decision makers responding to homeland security incidents must rapidly integrate and manage dynamic, time-sensitive information from many heterogeneous and multimodal information sources. Responders access this information through numerous software applications, all while attempting to collaborate… More

Dynamic Information Environment for Coordinated

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore
Award Amount: $99,993.57
Abstract:
Emergency responders are tasked with maintaining awareness of a massive number of disparate pieces of information, garnered through a broad variety of electronic sources (e.g., emergency alerting systems, semi-structured RSS feeds, computer-aided dispatch). To be effective, these responders need… More

Rapid Ethnographic Assessment and Data management Integration Toolkit (READ-IT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Kentucky Rsrch Found.
Principal Investigator: Corey Lofdahl, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,921.00
RI Contact: Wendy Compton
Abstract:
Obtaining support from the local population is crucial for successful counterinsurgency (COIN) operations. US forces often fail to adequately understand the ethnographic characteristics of foreign populationswarfighters need access to ethnographic methods which help them to rapidly capture and… More

Cloud-based Autonomous Real-time Malware Analysis (CARMA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University Louisiana at Lafayette
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,869.00
RI Contact: Ruth Landry
Abstract:
The amount of new malware encountered daily is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, an explosion that is also reflected in target and attack vector diversity. There has also been a dramatic increase in the use of malware kits, a problem in its own right because kits allow adversaries to easily… More

Security through Component-based Isolation Framework (SCIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,946.00
RI Contact: Melissa Korf
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Networked PCs are critical to the success of data-based missions, and the complex software they execute is both the source of their power and their prime area of vulnerability. Applications and services are often composed of multiple software components developed by different vendors or… More

Artificially Diverse Operating System (ADOS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,970.00
RI Contact: Melissa Korf
Abstract:
Artificial diversity attempts to eliminate the security risks of the IT monoculture. The goal of artificial diversity is to minimize the number of common vulnerabilities across a set of systems by intentionally introducing variations to the structure and process of functionally-equivalent software.… More

Resilient Environment for Teams of Agents Making Decisions (RE-TEAM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: The Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,932.00
RI Contact: Christa M. Yandrich
Abstract:
Submarine commanders must make rapid decisions to carry out increasingly complex missions, while sifting through ever larger masses of information. The scope and complexity of submarine missions has grown such that submarines are now expected to fully participate in net-centric environments and… More

Intelligent Tutoring Systems Made Easy (ITS-Easy)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Pennsylvania State University
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,977.00
RI Contact: Stacey Bucha
Abstract:
While intelligent tutoring systems (ITS) have been shown to improve learning outcomes, Navy training programs have not fully adopted this promising technology because of the costs involved in developing and maintaining them. The key technical contributions of this effort are a set of tools backed by… More

Probabilistic and Relational Inferences in Dynamic Environments (PRIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: University of California Berkeley
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $1,499,383.00
RI Contact: Patricia Gates
Abstract:
Uncertainty on the modern battlefield makes mission planning and decision making extremely complex for field commanders. Mission planners can be aided by initial and ongoing situation assessment, future state estimation, assessment of the current plan"s probability of success, what-if analysis,… More

A System to Analyze Facial Features to Enable Operator Condition Tracking (AFFECT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University at Buffalo, SUNY
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist – (617) 461-0488
Award Amount: $749,750.00
RI Contact: Martina Tsai
Abstract:
Modern military and security scenarios increasingly demand rapid evaluation of human affective states, accurately detecting stress, anxiety, uncertainty, and fatigue (SAUF) to assess warfighter effectiveness or to advance security screening and interrogation objectives. In our Phase I effort, we… More

Automated Linguistic Analysis Revealing Misrepresentation and Messaging (ALARMM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Cornell University
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $730,041.00
RI Contact: Susan L. Jones
Abstract:
The proposed Automated Linguistic Analysis Revealing Misrepresentation and Messaging (ALARMM) system significantly advances the state of the art in detecting deception in unstructured data such as websites and chat messages. Our research focuses on automated techniques based on linguistic theory… More

Haptics for Medical Simulation (HAMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,894.00
Abstract:
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS), including laparoscopic surgery (LS), is beneficial in terms of the improved recovery of the patient, including shorter convalescence times, less postoperative pain, and less scarring. Training surgeons in these new techni

Helping Amputees though Virtual Environments (HAVEN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Niehaus, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,848.00
Abstract:
Peer support for Warfighters who have suffered traumatic amputation can significantly improve recovery. While peer support is readily available in military treatment facilities (MTFs), veterans with these injuries must continue recovery after leaving the MTF. Unfortunately, veterans in remote areas… More

Social PLatform for an ISR Collaboration Environment (SPLICE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $148,861.00
Abstract:
Despite advances to intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities, intelligence analysts in the theater cannot achieve true multi-INT exploitation and cross-cueing due to the stove-piped nature of fielded ISR systems. Current ISR systems: 1) force human-to-human interaction to be… More

A Tool for Agent-Based System Produced Emergent Networks (ASPEN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Corey Lofdahl, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $98,955.00
Abstract:
Social network analysis is a powerful method for making sense of an increasingly interconnected world. Developing social network analysis tools requires datasets with which to test them, but sharing datasets is problematic because of privacy issues. Initial attempts to anonymize network datasets… More

Resource Allocation using Market-Based Optimization (RAMBO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Chris Farnham, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in a dynamic, uncertain environment. Multi-raid attacks threaten to overload sensor capabilities, leaving fewer sensor resources free to observe each target complex. Moreover, the shift in emphasis toward early intercept, coupled with the growing importance of short- and… More

Scenario Trainer for Intuition (ASCERTAIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Niehaus, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
Warfighter cognitive readiness has grown increasingly important as the emphasis of military operations shifts towards asymmetric and unpredictable irregular warfare and changing military doctrine provides the Warfighter with greater autonomy. In modern operations, Warfighters must make decisions… More

Microgames for the Assessment and Augmentation of Cognitive Readiness Skills (MAACRS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Scott Potter, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,971.00
Abstract:
Despite improvements in procedural assessment and training, little advancement has been made in enhancing cognitive readiness, the mental preparation needed to flexibly sustain high levels of performance in unpredictable combat environments. Existing assessment tools, including psychological… More

Embeddable Agents for Assessing Cognitive Readiness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Niehaus, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,971.00
Abstract:
The modern Warfighter is augmented with complex operational systems to improve his situational awareness, increase his performance range, and act as a force multiplier. However, these new systems often come at the price of increased cognitive workload on the part of the Warfighter, and they may even… More

A System for the Collection, Use, Portrayal, and Interpretation of Data (CUPID)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
Tactical command staffs supporting counterinsurgency and counterterrorism missions are faced with the need to collect and consider not only traditional intelligence about adversaries, but also human socio-cultural and behavioral (HSCB) information about t

INSITE: An Unattended In Situ HSCB Data Collection, Visualization, and Analysis System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,879.00
Abstract:
Human Socio-Cultural Behavioral (HSCB)-based models have the potential to help tactical commanders assess situations and project consequences of actions in counterinsurgency (COIN) missions. Unfortunately, the potential utility of these models been limited due to a lack of area of interest (AOI)… More

Rapid Evaluation of Techniques for Innovative Network Analysis (RETINA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,917.00
Abstract:
Intelligence analysts"ability to visualize, understand, and reason about terrorist organizations and other covert groups is limited by the current state of the art in network analysis techniques and tools. These techniques and tools work with homogeneous networks that consist of single types of… More

A Semi-Automated Interpretation-Based Network Construction Tool (SINC-Tool)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sam Mahoney, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,861.00
Abstract:
While existing tools such as Carnegie Mellon"s Organizational Risk Assessment (ORA) system provide ways to conduct rapid meta-data social network analysis by automatically extracting information from data and performing predictive analysis, purely automated approaches to network construction… More

Immersive Persistent World for Adaptive Cultural Training (IMPACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,676.00
Abstract:
The changing landscape of modern warfare has put a premium on individuals and small teams, operating independently, to function efficiently in settings that require cultural awareness. Without proper training, unit tactical effectiveness and resulting mission operational effectiveness weaken.… More

Network Extraction and Resolution System (NEaRS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
The increasingly asymmetric nature of U.S. military operations has resulted in a need for Warfighters to understand the"human terrain"in which they operate. To support tactical decision-making, a social network should be constructed from the widest array of available intelligence sources,… More

Distributed Architecture for Retrieving Information using Universal-Core Semantics (DARIUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,803.00
Abstract:
A distributed architecture is proposed that supports the tactical warfighter by accepting a plain language request for information and generating a plain language response that summarizes metadata extracted from multi-source sensor data. This metadata is represented and processed using Semantic Web… More

Framework of Reprogrammable Agents for Changing EW Threats (REACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Electronic Warfare (EW) continues to evolve as a critical operational threat, leading to information loss and corruption. EW adversaries rapidly change their behaviors, which are responsive to the electronic protections (EPs) used by defenders. Furthermore, adversaries employ wartime… More

Adaptive Resource Management Architecture for Network Disruptions (ARMAND)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
Electronic warfare (EW) measures are an integral component of threat suppression missions such as suppression of enemy air defense (SEAD). A successful EW mission requires an underlying communication network that remains operational even when under attack. The communication network must be able to… More

Multi-level Analysis and Fusion for Under Sea Threat Assessment (MAFUSTA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,924.00
Abstract:
Officers responsible for anti-submarine (ASW) warfare rely heavily on acoustic sensors to perceive conditions in their area of responsibility (AOR). Current systems require watchstanders to interpret manually the spatial and temporal relationships among contacts, to construct a tactical picture,… More

Service for Adaptive Rendering Through Intelligent Situation Assessment Techniques (ARTIST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,991.00
Abstract:
Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) is a vital strategic concern, as adversary submarines can pose considerable danger to U.S. forces and seaborne lines of communication. The undersea environment is complex and variable, and provides advantages to ASW threats. While relevant surface pictures can emerge… More

Electromagnetic Signal Classification Using Ensembles (E-CUE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,989.00
Abstract:
US military forces have encountered increasingly complex electromagnetic (EM) environments over the last two decades. This complicates the task of rapidly and properly classifying emitters, which is critical to the safe, effective operation of combat platforms. Many large military platforms such as… More

Feature Adaptation via Multispectral Extraction (FAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Dan Gutchess, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,955.00
Abstract:
Tracking ground targets using full motion video (FMV) turrets is critically important to reconnaissance and targeting operations. A reliable automated system to track designated targets would free the sensor operator to perform secondary tasks, such as communicating intelligence to commanders.… More

Precise Underwater Localization Using Sonar and Electro-Optics (PULSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,818.00
Abstract:
Underwater ship hull inspection platforms routinely check for damage, corrosion, and suspicious objects. Highly accurate position information is required to properly register hull inspection data with previously collected data to monitor the progression of structural anomalies and other changes and… More

Sonar Training Motivation, Assessment, Tailoring, and Enhanced Remediation (ST-MASTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,873.00
Abstract:
For Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)-capable surface ships, reaching and maintaining sailors"ASW proficiency is difficult. Existing training systems (e.g., SAST) can fail to sufficiently motivate sailors to participate in training, resulting in sonar operators and sonar watchstanding teams with… More

Compact Aerial Video Exploitation (CAVE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Magnus Snorrason, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,948.00
Abstract:
Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles have become a critical part of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, supplying valuable aerial imagery to ground forces. Unfortunately, operational ISR is compromised by the stringent size, weight, and power constraints of small UAVs to support… More

Combining Aiding Sensors with Multiple IMUs for Navigation Optimization (CAMINO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,908.00
Abstract:
The Navy is procuring many small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to augment battlespace awareness in complex littoral environments. Effective deployment of these assets requires highly accurate navigational capabilities, but current high accuracy underwater navigation techniques have size,… More

Hands-off Ergonomic Robot Operation (HERO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $69,965.00
Abstract:
Robotic unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) are being used by ground combat forces in greater numbers, providing the warfighter with critical standoff capabilities in high-risk operational scenarios. Most UGV systems are teleoperated using a hand-held operator control unit with a built-in display. To… More

Obstacle Detection and Intelligent Notification (ODIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $69,991.00
Abstract:
Soldiers in the field increasingly use mechanical pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) video cameras to operate systems, whether from below the closed hatch of an infantry carrier vehicle or through the operator control unit of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV). However, mechanical PTZ cameras force the user to… More

Interface System Production, Evaluation, and Comparison Tool (INSPECT) Suite

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Currently available usability assessment tools provide a variety of approaches to automated graphical user interface (GUI) evaluation, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. To optimally exploit each tool"s strengths, a structured framework for integration is needed. However, a… More

Data Integrity and Consistency through a Formal Logical Integrity Constraints Toolset (DICONFLICT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
The Army has invested heavily in systems such as DCGS-A that provide intelligence analysts with a wealth of information originating from a wide variety of sources and sensors. As the number of sources and sensors grows, however, so does the potential for inconsistent information. We propose to… More

Adversary Behavior Acquisition, Collection, Understanding, and Summarization (ABACUS) Tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Sam Mahoney, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,978.00
Abstract:
Despite sophisticated collection technology and systems that attempt to fuse sensor data into actionable intelligence, our forces must still rely on individual judgments and dangerous close-range soldier sensing and searching to help identify those covert individuals who are most likely to act… More

Software Protection through Autonomic Representation of Knowledge (SPARK)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Catherine Call, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,740.00
Abstract:
Cyber warfare poses a critical threat to the security of our national and military interests via acts of piracy, theft, and reverse engineering. Today"s nation-state-class attacks are increasingly difficult to differentiate from normal operations and often take advantage of users"trust in… More

Simulation for Ubiquitous Red Flag Instruction and Readying (SUREFIRE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Pfautz, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,968.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Participants in Red Flag (RF) exercises must be familiar with specific procedures, conditions, and training rules for range safety. Preparing non-US participants requires foreign travel of USAF personnel, which is expensive in money, time, and personnel resources. Considerable savings… More

Laparoscopic Surgery Training System (LASTS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $650,000.00
Abstract:
Current minimally invasive surgery and laparoscopic surgery (MIS/LS) training standards encompass only baseline hand-eye coordination and cognitive skills, and do not fully address the surgical skills required to perform particular procedures. To address these issues, the necessary set of surgical… More

Moving Target Defense Framework (MTDF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Curt Q. Wu
Award Amount: $99,962.32
Abstract:
To defend against cyber adversaries, we need to disrupt the adversary's mission, so they no longer have the advantage. Because the battlefield in the cyber defense arena is a computing system under the defender's control, we have the opportunity to prepare the battlefield in a way that tilts… More

Remote Identification and Tracking of Non-Cooperative Subjects (REMIT-NCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Camille S. Monnier
Award Amount: $99,973.78
Abstract:
The ability to reliably track and recognize individuals inside a security perimeter is a critical component of next-generation distributed security systems. While state-of-the-art surveillance systems can reliably track pedestrians in sparse, static environments with minor occlusions and few… More

Objective X-ray Image Display Evaluation (OXIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Ross S. Eaton
Award Amount: $99,993.20
Abstract:
Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) are tasked with exploiting x-ray inspection systems to detect potential threats. To ensure the safety and security of the traveling public and to ensure efficient operation, TSOs must maintain a 100% probability of detection (Pd) rate while… More

Semi-Supervised Algorithms against Malware Evolution (SESAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Louisiana--Lafayette
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,984.00
RI Contact: Ruth Landry
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Recent years have seen an explosion in the number and sophistication of malware attacks. The sheer volume of novel malware has made purely manual signature development impractical and has led to research on applying machine learning and data mining to automatically infer malware… More

Monocular Unmanned Leader-Follower (MULE-F) System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Camille Monnier – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $738,300.00
RI Contact: John F. Imbergamo
Abstract:
The Army has a clear need for an unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) capable of autonomously accompanying a single soldier or vehicle. Such a UGV would help solve both logistical problems of soldiers needing to transport more equipment and supplies than they can carry in a backpack, and tactical problems… More

Security through Component-based Isolation Framework (SCIF)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $740,254.00
RI Contact: David Berndt
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Networked PCs are critical to the success of data-driven missions, and the complex software they execute is both the source of their power and their primary vulnerability. Applications and services are often composed of multiple software components developed by different vendors or open… More

A System to Observe and Classify Interactions for Assessment and Learning (SOCIAL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Mike Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,984.00
Abstract:
Military personnel are asked to interact effectively, under stress, with individuals from both similar and dramatically different backgrounds and cultures. The desire for automated, operationally deployable capabilities to improve such interactions has created an interest in the development of… More

Handheld Intelligent Tutors Personalized for Individual Training (HITPOINT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,980.00
Abstract:
Training first responders to efficiently select and effectively carry out emergency medical procedures in dynamic, highly stressful, and novel environments remains a challenge. Many traditional training techniques focus on frequent repetition and memorization of basic lifesaving tasks. However,… More

Remote Exercises for Learning Anger and Excitation Management (RELAX)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Niehaus, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,985.00
Abstract:
Post-deployment psychological health issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and comorbid stress and anger management disorders are experienced by substantial numbers of our past and returning Veterans. Fortunately, a number of proven, evidence-based treatments have… More

Apps for Rapid Epidemiological Analysis (AREA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,924.00
Abstract:
Medical Stability Operations, Field Epidemiology, Disaster Relief, Humanitarian Aid, Reconstruction Operations, Mobile Applications, Epidemiological Analysis, Visual Analytics

A Toolkit for Understanding Social Signals in Local Environments (TUSSLE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,985.00
Abstract:
Increasingly, tactical personnel such as CoISTs, are responsible for making qualitative judgments of local conditions, or"atmospherics,"to provide insight to decision-makers in their unit as well as in higher echelons, despite a high op tempo and limited training. Tactical personnel must… More

Collaborative Visual Exploitation and Reasoning Tool (COVERT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Alexander Gee, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,963.00
Abstract:
Company intelligence support teams (CoISTs) must successfully collect, analyze, report, and disseminate soft information from numerous heterogeneous sources through a variety of software applications, all while collaborating with other CoISTs and Battalion intelligence officers. To support these… More

A System for Human-Rendered, Evidentiary Data Discovery and Entity Resolution (SHREDDER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Counter-insurgency (COIN) and irregular warfare (IW) missions have placed an emphasis on the role of tactical intelligence. Increasingly, tactical personnel such as Company-Level Intel Support Team (CoIST) members are responsible for assessing situations, providing insightful intelligence reports to… More

Bias Formulation, Characterization, and Learning (BIFOCAL)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,994.00
Abstract:
A key challenge to higher level information fusion is fusing data originally collected for disparate tasks. Although much data may be available, data collected for a particular task may not be well suited to subsequent tasks because it embodies biases inherent in the original data collection… More

Cloud Infrastructure for Retrieving and Refining Information from Sensors (CIRRIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,994.00
Abstract:
A wealth of sensor data is available to address the information needs of tactical Warfighters. However, this data resides in diverse, large, remote data stores. Delivering actionable information to the Warfighter requires discovering the relevant sources, retrieving relevant information, integrating… More

Adaptive Deception using Linguistic Inference of Behaviors (AD-LIB)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,999.00
Abstract:
As cyber attacks become increasingly and more effectively targeted, so must our cyber defenses become less"one size fits all."We need to develop active defenses that can adapt themselves to an attack in progress. This development will require not only improvements in our detection… More

Tangible trustworthiness for mixed-initiative network defense (T2-MIND)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,918.00
Abstract:
Cyber defenders must interact with a variety of diverse feeds and explore network information in many abstract contexts. Unfortunately, existing digital tools provide poor affordances for the perception and manipulation of critical metrics of network trustworthiness, unnecessarily complicating the… More

Framework for Assessing Cloud Trustworthiness (FACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,909.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Assured Cloud Computing is needed by US Cyber Command to implement the USAF vision of global vigilance, global reach, and global power. When an Air Force application runs in a third-party"gray"cloud, the trustworthiness of the application is of special concern because there is… More

Maintenance Training based on an Adaptive Game-Based Environment using a Pedagogic Interpretation Engine (MAGPIE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,959.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Although Partial Task Trainers PTTs have been shown to have a cost savings of 60 percent over training on actual systems, they routinely cost the government in manpower, maintenance, and upgrades. Furthermore, PTTs are often designed for general use, failing to address the individual… More

3D HMD Applications for improving performance and Warfighter Knowledge (3D-HAWK)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Martin Voshell, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,949.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: In a growing number of current and near-future Air Force mission contexts, Head and Helmet Mounted Displays (HMDs) are providing critical information for pilots and warfighters. The recent availability of stereoscopic HMD technology provides an additional visual dimension to reduce… More

Mixed-Initiative Discourse Analysis System (MIDAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,968.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Intelligence analysts across the Department of Defense identify and act on threats to national security. Their analyses must encompass both individuals and groups of potential interest, which analysts can identify by examining discourse in communications made by individuals through blogs,… More

Reallocation and Cross-Domain Optimization using Relationally-Consistent Semantic Extensions (ReCOURSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,975.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Real world uncertainties all but guarantee that execution will deviate from even carefully considered plans, and therefore any effective military command will assume that resources must be reallocated to achieve desired outcomes. Unfortunately, reallocation is typically a manual,… More

Torpedo Self-Defense Using Networked Automated Machine Intelligence (TSUNAMI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,947.00
Abstract:
Effective detection, classification, and localization of submarine-launched torpedoes are critical to protect US naval forces operating in harm"s way. US Navy efforts to develop effective torpedo countermeasures have yielded mixed results, but improvements are on the horizon. However, the… More

Microgames for Acquiring and Rehearsing Cognitive Schemas for Perception (MARCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,968.00
Abstract:
In the last decade, Marines have been challenged by an unconventional warfare environment where they are hunted by snipers and terrorists. To improve combat effectiveness, the USMC has implemented the Combat Hunter Program, focused on teaching Marines perceptual skills needed to become the hunter,… More

CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,979.00
Abstract:
Current countermeasure anti-torpedo (CAT) systems use explicit logic to direct intercepts resulting in an inability to adapt to the complexities of the stochastic marine environment. The CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW) is an analytical research testbed capable of comparing the effectiveness… More

Common Extensible Architecture for Integrated Mission Systems (CEAMS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Scott Harrison, Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,945.00
Abstract:
Today"s Navy airborne mission platforms use computing systems that are stand-alone collections of hardware and software tied to specific programs and vendors. These stovepiped systems lack common data formats and cannot communicate with one another without substantial ad hoc interface… More

Mover and Alert Detection and Hardware Accelerated Target Tracking using Efficient Resources (MAD-HATTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,899.00
Abstract:
Small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) have become a critical part of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, supplying valuable aerial imagery to ground forces. Unfortunately, operational ISR is compromised by the stringent size, weight, and power constraints of small UASs,… More

A system for Tailoring Response and Understanding using Social Trust (TRUST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Corey Lofdahl, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,975.00
Abstract:
The proliferation of computer-mediated communication (CMC) has changed the information landscape for international crisis and disaster response. Given the amount of crisis data generated, however, it is difficult for responders to identify mission-relevant, reliable information. Existing approaches… More

Lines of Operations Monitoring and Assessment System (LOOMAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Alexander Gee, Senior Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,983.00
Abstract:
Command and Control (C2) operators at Maritime Headquarters with Maritime Operations Centers (MHQ/MOC) working at the Operational Level of War need to maintain active lines of operations (LOOs), execute branch plans, and plan follow-on sequels. To support these activities, we propose to design and… More

Business Intelligence Visualization System for Organizational Understanding, Analysis, and Collaboration (BIVOUAC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $996,003.00
Abstract:
Although the adoption of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems has modernized and standardized business operations throughout the Navy, the resulting increase in operational data has created an enormously complex and cognitively challenging environment for decision-makers. To perform their jobs… More

Electromagnetic Signal Classification Using Ensembles (E-CUE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $749,848.00
Abstract:
US military forces have encountered increasingly complex electromagnetic (EM) environments over the last two decades. This escalation complicates the task of rapidly and properly classifying emitters, which is critical to the safe, effective operation of combat platforms. Many large military… More

Combining Aiding Sensors with Multiple IMUs for Navigation Optimization (CAMINO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $491,490.00
Abstract:
The Navy is procuring small unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) to augment battlespace awareness in complex littoral environments, but these platforms require the development of navigation solutions that provide accurate localization at low size, weight, power, and cost (SWAP-C). To enable… More

Compact Aerial Video Exploitation (CAVE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $499,834.00
Abstract:
Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a critical part of Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) missions, but limitations in platform size, weight, and power (SWAP) and communication bandwidth prevent the potentially game-changing combination of high-resolution ISR and… More

Microgames for Acquiring and Rehearsing Cognitive Schemas for Perception (MARCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $499,292.00
Abstract:
Throughout their history, Marines have been targeted, or hunted, by snipers, terrorists, and other adversaries. The USMC has implemented the Combat Hunter Program to better counter these threats by teaching Marines to be the hunter, rather than the hunted. Combat Hunter skills include establishing… More

Social Platform for an ISR Collaboration Environment (SPLICE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,961.00
Abstract:
Despite technical advances to intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities, intelligence analysts in the theater cannot achieve true multi-INT exploitation and cross-cueing due to the stove-piped nature of fielded ISR systems which limits effective collaboration among analysts.… More

A Tool for Agent-Based System Produced Emergent Networks (ASPEN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Corey Lofdahl, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,826.00
Abstract:
Social media is an increasingly important way for people to communicate, but interpreting the large and complex social networks that emerge from social media is challenging. A promising approach is to build synthetic networks based on realistic behaviors that mimic the form and structure of real… More

STOCOTA: Software Toolkit for the Operational Control of Tactical Autonomy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Army aviation remains critical to the success of military operations, but as technology advances and enemies adapt, its traditional operational concepts must evolve for continued success. Aviators possess a level of situational awareness and tactical insight that makes them good candidates to… More

Adversary Behavior Acquisition, Collection, Understanding, and Summarization (ABACUS) Tool

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sam Mahoney, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $499,177.00
Abstract:
Despite advances in collection technologies, US forces still rely on dangerous, close-range Soldier reporting to help identify threats. Similarly, advances in fusion technologies have not supplanted the need for human analysis of data to formulate actionable intelligence. To address these issues, we… More

Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools (AMPT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,922.00
Abstract:
Intuitive mission display visualization and planning capabilities are needed to enhance operator situation awareness when supervising teams of unmanned vehicles. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools (AMPT) to reduce the workload of… More

SEASCAPE: System for Efficient Agile Signal Classification of Adversary Produced Emitters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,993.00
Abstract:
Tactical electromagnetic environments have become much more complex over the last two decades with a higher density of more diverse and more sophisticated emitters. Signals of interest are becoming much more frequency agile and have a lower probability of intercept, making it much harder to detect… More

Mission Analytics and NetOps Awareness (MANA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,974.00
Abstract:
Success of global military operations requires access to data, data exchange, and situational awareness (SA) based on timely and trustworthy information. Commanders need to know in advance that relevant, accurate data will be available. If there is doubt about its availability, they need to know… More

Tourniquet Master Training System for Junctional and Inguinal Hemorrhage Control Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,957.00
Abstract:
Junctional and inguinal bleeding is a significant and challenging problem on the battlefield. Inventors have developed new types of tourniquets, including the Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT) and the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) to address these abdominal and pelvic injuries. While these hemorrhage… More

Healthcare Exchange Language Management, Expansion, and Translation Services (HELMETS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,989.00
Abstract:
The 2010 President"s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology report on health information technology states that today,"there is relatively little standardization in the health data captured and stored by different providers of healthcare services"for the millions of active duty… More

Health Online through Language a Medical Exchange System (HOLMES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,981.00
Abstract:
The amount of information available from medical journals, patient records, and the cloud has increased beyond the point where clinicians can manage it using traditional means. Many clinical decision support systems (CDSS) have been created to manage this complexity, but these systems are often… More

Social Media Analysis and Reasoning Tool (SMART)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Boston College
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,800.00
RI Contact: Susan Hoban
Abstract:
The proliferation of social media technologies has provided a promising new source of information for intelligence analysts. Effective use of this data could provide insight into the evolution of social networks, identification of communication patterns that lead to events of interest, and analysis… More

Fusion of IR and Radar for Enhanced Threat Recognition and Interception (FIRE-TRAIN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: George Institute of Technology
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,913.00
RI Contact: Sophia Herbert-Peterson
Abstract:
The proliferation of sophisticated ballistic missile systems threatens the ability of the U.S. to project military power and defend its deployed forces, its allies, and possibly even the homeland. Adversaries continue to improve their ballistic missile technologies, and are expected to incorporate… More

Modeling Operator Reasoning and Performance for Human-in-Control Simulation (MORPHIC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,953.00
RI Contact: David Woods
Abstract:
As the United States makes strides in developing, testing, and deploying missile defense technology, the human element remains core to the integrated, layered ballistic missile defense system (BMDS) architecture. Human operators oversee the command and control at the system, component, and element… More

Extracting Valid Inferences from Data, Evidence, and Novel Tests (EVIDENT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Harvard University
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,949.00
RI Contact: Gary King
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: A recent study by the National Research Council found that sophisticated statistical techniques are finding their way into DoD operational test design, but that current DoD practices are still substantially behind the state of the art. The study concluded this has resulted in inefficient… More

Rapid Ethnographic Assessment and Data management Integration Toolkit (READ-IT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: University of Kentucky
Principal Investigator: Christopher Hopkins, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $374,447.00
RI Contact: Wendy Compton
Abstract:
Socio-cultural factors are increasingly being recognized as critical to effective military operations. Therefore, collection and analysis of socio-cultural data is required to provide Warfighters with a comprehensive understanding of their operational environment. Warfighters need tools that enable… More

Resource Allocation using Market-Based Optimization (RAMBO)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sctott N. Reilly, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,966.00
Abstract:
Missile defense takes place in a dynamic, uncertain environment. Multi-raid attacks threaten to overload sensor capabilities, leaving fewer sensor resources free to observe each target. Moreover, the shift in emphasis toward early intercept, coupled with the growing importance of short- and… More

Data Integrity and Consistency through a Formal Logical Integrity Constraints Toolset (DICONFLICT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,649.00
Abstract:
The US Army has invested heavily in systems, such as Distributed Common Ground System-Army (DCGS-A), that provide intelligence analysts with a wealth of information originating from a wide variety of sources and sensors. As the number of sources and sensors grows, however, so does the potential for… More

Framework for Assessing Cloud Trustworthiness (FACT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Curt Wu, Chief Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $746,420.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: When Air Force applications or data reside in a third-party"gray"cloud, trustworthiness can be compromised due to lack of control over the underlying infrastructure. The user must treat the cloud as a black box that cannot be instrumented or modified. To support verifiable… More

DIPSARS: Discovery of Interesting Patterns and Semantic Analysis in Remote Space

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Daniel W. Stouch, Principal Software Engineer
Award Amount: $124,965.00
Abstract:
The volume of data that NASA collects has grown dramatically as new missions come on line with hundreds of terabytes of data of all types. Often, this involves semi-autonomous exploration to collect a representative set of different scenes and objects so that research scientists and mission… More

Remote Identification and Tracking of Non-Cooperative

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Camille S. Monnier – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,077.38
Abstract:
The ability to reliably track and recognize individuals inside a security perimeter is a critical component of next-generation distributed security systems. While state-of-the-art surveillance systems can reliably track pedestrians in sparse, static environments with minor occlusions and few… More

Taxiing Operations via Gesture Understanding (TOPGUN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,993.00
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) play an increasingly important role in many military scenarios. For the Navy to incorporate UASsuch as those currently being developed under the Unmanned Combat Air System Carrier Demonstration (UCAS-D) programinto its critical missions without impacting the current… More

Generation of EW Libraries and Automatic Threat Identification (GELATI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,987.00
Abstract:
Electronic warfare (EW) systems classify emitters by matching the signals detected against reference signatures in a tactical EW library. Since emitter signals can differ markedly from their library signatures (due to drift, new modes, propagation effects, etc.), ships with AN/SLQ-32(V) or SEWIP… More

Shiphandling Educator Assistant for Managing Assessments in Training Environments (SEAMATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,924.00
Abstract:
Virtual Environments (VEs) provide a cost-effective alternative to train students to perform tasks that would otherwise put lives and platforms at risk. However, current VE training methods still require highly trained instructors to closely monitor student progress, effectively intervene when… More

Crowdsourcing using Intelligent Supervision to address Information Requirements in Crisis Situations (CRISIS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,956.00
Abstract:
Marine Expeditionary Units (MEUs) are often first responders, addressing crises such as natural disasters and regional instability. To adequately respond, they must quickly and accurately analyze large amounts of raw information. Fortunately, through crowdsourcing, there are vast, knowledgeable, and… More

Sensing and Representing Negative Effects of Motion (SERENE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Bethany Bracken, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,995.00
Abstract:
Exposure to motion degrades operational effectiveness across the Navy, with results ranging from simple motion-induced interruptions (MIIs) to more severe perceptual, cognitive, and motor deficits. Even those who do not suffer from acute motion sickness often experience some level of sopite… More

Reallocation and Cross-Domain Optimization using Relationally-Consistent Semantic Extensions (ReCOURSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $743,986.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Real world uncertainties all but guarantee that execution will deviate from even carefully considered plans, and therefore any effective military command will assume that resources must be reallocated to achieve desired outcomes. Unfortunately, reallocation is typically a manual process… More

Collaborative Repository and Exchange for Adaptable Training Environments (CREATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $494,985.00
Abstract:
The US Army faces a significant burden when authoring training content to meet the rapidly changing nature of potential threats and adversaries. Currently, training material is often tied to the implementation platform and cannot be easily redeployed to new platforms or systems. In addition,… More

Remote Exercises for Learning Anger and Excitation Management (RELAX)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: James Niehaus, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $999,990.00
Abstract:
Post-deployment psychological health issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and comorbid stress and anger management disorders are experienced by substantial numbers of service members. Fortunately, a number of proven, evidence-based treatments have been developed to… More

Next Generation, Multirole Fighter Instruction and Rehearsal Environment (GeMFIRE )

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Martin Voshell, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,985.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Although next generation, military aircraft offer a wealth of technological capabilities and can adopt multiple roles, pilots are now presented with an extraordinarily complex set of tasks to master in comparison to third and fourth generation aircraft. Ensuring pilots are comprehensively… More

Social Language for Synthetic Teammates (SLST)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,951.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The Air Force is increasingly using text-chat based communications in operational environments, such as operations using Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) and in Air Operations Centers (AOC). Training Airmen for these operations using simulations requires synthetic teammates that understand… More

Adaptable Toolkit for the Assessment and Augmentation of Performance by Teams in Real Time (ADAPTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Victoria Romero, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,950.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Full-spectrum cyber operations, including both Cyber Network Attack and Cyber Network Defense, place enormous cognitive demands on operators and teams. When demands are too high or tasks are not properly allocated, performance degrades, and missions may fail. To avoid operator overload, a… More

Automatic Secure Classification of Unmarked Sensor Data (ASCUS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,957.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance sensors deployed by the US Air Force generate enormous amounts of data, much of which may be used in a cross-domain security context. All of this data must be assigned an appropriate classification before it may be disseminated. Normally,… More

Blue Force Readiness, Activity, and Capability Modeling Engine (BlueFRAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,962.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: In the modern battlespace, US forces must operate in a coordinated fashion across organizational and functional lines. Despite the increasing sophistication of the information systems supporting them, Warfighters are confronted with"stovepipes,"making it difficult to gain a full… More

Objective X-ray Image Display Evaluation (OXIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Ross S. Eaton
Award Amount: $749,394.67
Abstract:
Transportation Security Officers (TSOs) are tasked with exploiting X-ray inspection systems to detect potential threats. To ensure efficient operation and the safety of the traveling public, TSOs must maintain a 100% probability of detection (Pd) while minimizing screening time. To achieve… More

Scheduling Tasks for AFSCN Resources using MBO Autonomous Planning (STARMAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $144,974.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Scheduling Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) resources is a challenge because windows of visibility are limited between satellites and remote tracking stations on the ground, and there are more requests for access than available resources. Human scheduling at a centralized… More

Sum Product Network to Indicate Proximate Objects in Space (SNIPS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $148,423.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Space system operators require the ability to detect and track potential threats to their platforms. One way to detect and track objects in the proximity of a satellite or other space vehicle without dedicated sensors and subsystems is to perform additional processing on existing system… More

Mover and Alert Detection and Hardware Accelerated Target Tracking using Efficient Resources (MAD-HATTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ross Eaton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $739,224.00
Abstract:
The Navy is developing and deploying day/night Wide Area Airborne Sensor (WAAS) payloads for tactical UASs, which can enable intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) tasks to provide valuable situational awareness over large areas. However, the size, weight, and power constraints of… More

Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools (AMPT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $498,088.00
Abstract:
Naval unmanned vehicle operators require mission displays that enable them to better collaborate with planning automation to rapidly understand and respond to complex and dynamic operating environments. To address this need, we will design and demonstrate Advanced Mission Display and Planning Tools… More

Services for an Individualized Dynamic Environment using Knowledge, Information, and Context for Workspace Management (SIDEKICK)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,968.00
Abstract:
Intelligence analysts are flooded with complex data, creating failures and delays in exploiting critical information. Attempts at automated decision-aids have failed because they ineffectively strive to supplant the analyst, rather than enable collaboration. Instead, analysts manually sift through… More

Toolkit for Managing Evaluation and Testing for Red Team Investigations of Cyber Security (METRICS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,952.00
Abstract:
Adversaries have become increasingly proficient at cyber attacks against our military"s command and control (C2) infrastructure. Maintaining security requires high-fidelity assessments of software services, often implemented as cyber Red Team exercises in which Systems Under Test (SUTs) are… More

Framework for Computing Assurance Measurements based on Evolving Resilience Metrics (FRAMER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,975.00
Abstract:
As command and control, doctrine, and tactics evolve with the cyber network at its core, mission-critical tasks increasingly rely on the integrity and responsiveness of the network and other cyber assets. While this trend has acted as a tremendous force multiplier and OPTEMPO accelerator, two major… More

Feed Aggregation for Threat Evaluation Service (FATES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joseph Gorman, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,956.00
Abstract:
CNDSP analysts protect US computer networks, detect threat occurrences on those networks, and respond to threat incidents. The adage"know thy enemy"is as true for network defense as it is for defense of any asset. A robust computer network defense requires current knowledge of possible and… More

A Decision Support Tool using Canonical Representations and Algorithms for Data Fusion and Information Delivery (CRA-FIND)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,955.00
Abstract:
Members of the armed forces depend on the quality of their information for mission success. Providing high quality information requires optimizing the value of the dynamic"information economy,"where data fusion is the supply, information requirements are the demand, and information… More

A system for Using Knowledge of Narratives for Optimizing Workspaces to Enhance Reasoning (KNOWER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,988.00
Abstract:
The wealth of data provided by modern information fusion (IF) tools to intelligence analysts exceeds their ability to effectively process, exploit, and disseminate actionable intelligence. This issue arises because these IF tools define information value and usage statically, and consider analysts… More

Semi-Supervised Algorithms against Malware Evolution (SESAME)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Louisiana at Lafayett
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $742,000.00
RI Contact: Ruth Landry
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Recent years have seen an explosion in the number and sophistication of malware attacks. The sheer volume of novel malware has made purely manual signature development impractical and has led to research on applying machine learning and data mining to automatically infer malware… More

Resilient Environment for Teams of Agents Making Decisions (RE-TEAM II)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $500,976.00
RI Contact: Christa Yandrich
Abstract:
Submarine commanders must make complex decisions to accomplish increasingly diverse missions. Moreover, concurrent missions may involve contradictory requirements. Planning must also account for the unexpected, including equipment failures, environmental factors, or external events that impact the… More

Sensor Placement Reasoning Using an Evolutionary Algorithm and Digital Elevation Maps (SPREAD)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Daniel Stouch, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
Wireless ground sensor networks provide superior situational awareness in operational areas, but their deployment is complicated by unpredictable signal traffic patterns, limited battery life, and physical obstacles that interfere with signal propagation. Sub-optimal layouts create transmission… More

Intelligence Requirement Coordination, Reconciliation, and Development Services (RECORDS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Farry, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,908.00
Abstract:
Despite the increased availability of information through systems such as DCGS-A, CPOF, and efforts such as P-OIC, intelligence organizations are still plagued by inefficiencies in TCPED and analysis activitiessuch as collection gaps, collection overlaps, and missed collection opportunities. These… More

Self-Modeling and Self-Healing Embedded Devices (SMASHED)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,472.00
Abstract:
The effective functioning of embedded networked devices is critical to the US's national security. A successful malicious attack on these systems could cause widespread damage and possibly deaths. Unfortunately, most existing embedded systems are largely unprotected and vulnerable to attack. A… More

Adaptive Defense using Linguistic Inference of Behaviors (AD-LIB)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Terry Patten, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $995,123.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed project is to develop technology that infers the intent and strategy of malware. This technology can then be used in conjunction with decoys and honeytokens to gather detailed information on malware intent and strategy, which will reveal valuable intelligence concerning… More

Modeling of Cyber Behaviors to Wargame and Assess Risk (MOC-WAR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,767.00
Abstract:
Adversaries are becoming ever more proficient at cyber attacks against our military"s infrastructure, making offensive and defensive cyber operations an essential component of today"s military activities. While the Navy has focused significant resources on cyber defense, these operations… More

Helicopter Aiding for Zero-Zero Landings with Advanced, Reactive Displays (HAZZARD)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Ryan Kilgore, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,267.00
Abstract:
Although Navy MH-60R/S SEAHAWK helicopters have long played a critical role in military operations, degraded visual environments continue to plague landing safety. Current heads-down displays do not address pilots"need to continuously perceive and respond to a rich set of external visual cues… More

Terrain Impact Decision Extensions (TIDE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Joseph Gorman, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $99,947.00
Abstract:
The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but… More

Distributed Analysis Tool for Enterprise Monitoring (DATEM)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,977.00
Abstract:
Operational availability of Navy systems has become a function of mechanical, electronic, computer, software, and network systems"availability. Further, the challenge of maintaining operational availability will grow to enterprise scale as the Navy moves towards tactical cloud computing that… More

Characterizing Resident Space Objects from Photometric Signatures (CROPS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engineer – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,992.00
Abstract:
The US is highly dependent on space resources for communications and imaging, as well as positioning, navigation, and timing services that support military operations, government operations, and commercial interests. Because the space environment is both congested and contested, effectively… More

A system for augmenting training by Monitoring, Extracting, and Decoding Indicators of Cognitive Load (MEDIC)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DHP
Principal Investigator: Bethany Bracken, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Military medical personnel must act quickly and efficiently in any operational environment. Their success in saving lives depends on their ability to act effectively, both individually and as a team. Therefore, training must address individual skills and knowledge as well as interactions among team… More

Gray Matter: A Platform to Provide Timely, Relevant Information for Proactive Decision Making

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brad Rosenberg, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,863.00
Abstract:
Military domains, such as naval operations, require agile decision-making by Warfighters as they monitor ongoing activities, assess the impact of events, and develop or adjust plans to achieve the overall mission. These missions and resulting tasks emerge from a consistently evolving battlespace,… More

Maintenance Training based on an Adaptive Game-Based Environment using a Pedagogic Interpretation Engine (MAGPIE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $743,284.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Although Partial Task Trainers (PTTs) have been shown to have a cost savings of 60 percent over training on actual systems, they routinely cost the Government in manpower, maintenance, and upgrades, and are limited by static content that does not address differently skilled trainees.… More

Precise Underwater Localization Using Sonar and Electro-Optics (PULSE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $730,720.00
Abstract:
Underwater ship hull inspection platforms routinely check for damage, corrosion, and suspicious objects. Highly accurate position information is required to properly register hull inspection data with previously collected data to monitor the progression of structural anomalies and other changes and… More

Sonar Training Motivation, Assessment, Tailoring, and Enhanced Remediation (ST-MASTER)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $699,059.00
Abstract:
Sonar operators on anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)-capable surface ships have difficulty reaching and maintaining proficiency. Existing training systems, such as the SAST sub-system of the AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 undersea combat system) do not sufficiently motivate sailors to participate in training,… More

Torpedo Self-Defense Using Networked Automated Machine Intelligence (TSUNAMI)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joe Gorman, Principal Software Engine – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $599,796.00
Abstract:
US Navy efforts to develop effective torpedo countermeasures have yielded mixed results, but improvements are on the horizon. However, the relatively small number of sensors on each ship limits the military utility of the torpedo defense picture currently available to ship commanders. For effective… More

CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $726,066.00
Abstract:
Current countermeasure anti-torpedo (CAT) systems use explicit logic to direct single-target intercepts resulting in an inability to adapt to the complexities of the stochastic marine environment and the problems of multiple, simultaneous threats. The CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW) is an… More

Constructive Logic and Behavior Engine for Efficient and Responsive Training (COLBERT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Corey Lofdahl, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,991.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Training simulations that currently support Close Air Support (CAS) training and the Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) training in particular, are laborious to configure and expensive to manage with live personnel, which results in training that is limited in scope. For example,… More

System For Trauma Assessment Training (STAT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter Weyhrauch, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,918.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Training for primary and secondary trauma assessment is vital to DoD medical personnel; it is the first step to saving the lives of wounded Warfighters. Synthetic task environments are needed to bridge gaps in the training and practice of these skills. In addition to the synthetic… More

Coherence and Relevance Monitoring and Adjustment for Plans (CARMA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Erik Thomsen, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,996.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Maintaining systems of military plans is difficult, yet critical. A plan may become nonexecutable because the world has diverged from the plan"s assumptions, rendering it irrelevant. If there are constant ad hoc changes to many related plans, they may no longer lead to… More

Applying Probabilistic Programming to Evaluate Learning-Enabled Systems (APPELES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Avi Pfeffer, Principal Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,885.00
Abstract:
Learning-enabled systems (LESs) that improve their performance over time and adapt to new environments have significant potential for a variety of military applications, such as robotics, intelligence analysis, and cyber defense. To be deployed operationally, LESs must be thoroughly evaluated by… More

Adaptive UGV Routing via Object Recognition and Analysis (AURORA)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Camille Monnier, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $149,939.00
Abstract:
The Army has identified a need to develop a system that can identify, classify, and analyze visual data from unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and stationary visual surveillance sources to enable real-time decisions and system-wide planning regarding route, speed, and tasks on board UGVs. We propose to… More

Intuitive User Interfaces for Task-Tailored Planning (INTUIT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Martin Voshell, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,995.00
Abstract:
Current mission planning interfaces are difficult to understand and cumbersome to use, resulting in few operators utilizing the full power of advanced planning systems. To address this critical shortfall, we will design and demonstrate a set of Intuitive User Interfaces for Task-Tailored planning… More

Submarine Imaging Real-time Enhancement (SIREN)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,982.00
Abstract:
The US Navy is in the process of phasing out conventional optical submarine periscopes in favor of digital sensor masts that transmit video (and other sensor data) to the bridge electronically. Sensor masts can host multiple sensor modalities including both electro-optic (EO) and infrared (IR) for… More

Framework for Refining Extensible and Flexible APB Combat Systems Training for Operator Readiness (REFACTOR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sean Guarino, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,980.00
Abstract:
In developing advanced Submarine Combat Systems, the Navy has adopted a rapid cycle of software upgrades that, within the Advanced Processor Build Technical Insertion (APB-TI) schedule, regularly introduce new capabilities. This upgrade cycle has outpaced the development of associated training… More

Sonar Technician Adaptive Learning and Interactive Visualization Environment (ST-ALIVE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Wayne Thornton, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,994.00
Abstract:
Despite decades of technological advances, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) continues to require arcane perishable skills. Navy officials report that current surface ship sonar systems are capable, but operators are not able to fully exploit the systems"capabilities. Ships and schoolhouses need… More

Console Representation Environment for Assisted Testing and Evaluation (CREATE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Martin Voshell, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,988.00
Abstract:
Navy ship operating consoles must enable minimally manned crews to perform complex, coordinated activities across a range of missions. To this end, console designs must be thoroughly evaluated to ensure they support the diverse missions assigned to Littoral Combat Ships (LCS). Human System… More

Detecting Patterns of Life and Anomalous Results (POLAR) in Big Graphs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian Ruttenberg, Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,889.00
Abstract:
Sailors and Marines are responsible for conducting missions such as maritime security operations, embassy protection, non-combatant evacuation, and disaster relief. To plan missions effectively, Warfighters need to understand normal patterns of life (POL) and anomalies in those patterns. Analyzing… More

Range Information via Passive Infrared (RIPIR)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Jonah McBride, Senior Scientist – (617) 491-3474
Award Amount: $79,951.00
Abstract:
UAVs are a major force multiplier in United States military operations, conducting high-altitude unmanned surveillance and medium range air to ground engagements. Recently, UAV mission spaces have expanded to include resupply of deployed forces, and may soon include direct air support. As UAVs have… More