USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

Motive and Affect-based Robotic Control (MARC)

Award Information

Department of Defense
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2007 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
CHI Systems, Inc.
2250 Hickory Road Suite 150 Plymouth Meeting, PA 19462
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2007
Title: Motive and Affect-based Robotic Control (MARC)
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Contract: N00014-07-M-0148
Award Amount: $99,956.00


Wider use of robotic and uninhabited vehicles is limited by needs for UxVs to be intermittently out of direct operator control and thus operate under relative autonomy, and for a simple and efficient human controller interface. This proposal addresses both issues by using human-human interaction and communication as a metaphor. Specifically, it seeks to achieve UxV control/autonomy through an on-board cognitive architecture that is not merely purposive, but also based on human-understandable motives and affective states. This forms the basis for a more robust UxV autonomy and, in turn, allows a more abstracted form of control from the human controller (in terms of motive and affective states). This concept is called MARC (Motive and Affect-based Robotic Control). Phase I will adapt a motive/affect-based cognitive architecture called PAC to use as MARC. Three key Phase I objectives are: adapting PAC to the UxV control/autonomy problem; defining a realistic interface to the existing (and typically low-level) UxV control mechanisms, and defining a MARC-based human controller interface based on motives, affective states, and lower-level mission goals/objectives. Feasibility is established through an evaluative human-in-the-loop experiment comparing control of MARC-based simulated UxVs with UxVs with more traditional control mechanisms.

Principal Investigator:

Wayne Zachary
Principal Investigator

Business Contact:

Phil Rollhauser
Director of Contracts
Small Business Information at Submission:

1035 Virginia Drive Suite 300 Fort Washington, PA 19034

EIN/Tax ID: 232387734
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No