Large Eddy Simulations of Hot Supersonic Jets for Aeroacoustics
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
The noise from the turbulent, hot, supersonic jets at take-offs and landings as well as high-Mach cruise at altitude dominates noise emanating from other powerplant components and has significant safety implications for launch personnel, as well as environmental impacts of noise pollution around military installation. Noise generation mechanisms of supersonic jets are quite complex and different than those of subsonic jets typically encountered in the exhausts of high-bypass ratio transport aircraft powerplants, with the large-scale turbulence structures being dominant in supersonic jets. Intense Eddy Mach wave radiation from regions along the jet shear layer is produced by the large-scale turbulence structures convected supersonically relative to the ambient medium. Additionally, oblique shock cell quasi-periodic structures, the result of imperfectly expanded supersonic jets, are noise radiation sources and contribute to discrete tone screech and broadband frequency noise. CRAFT Tech and Purdue University will develop and apply an innovative high-fidelity, hybrid RANS-LES method to characterize the noise sources in the near-field and mid-field of these hot, supersonic jets with realistic engine boundary conditions and nozzle geometry, with the farfield noise emissions obtained using integral techniques. The model will be applied to the analysis of noise attenuation concepts under consideration for military aircrafts.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Vice President & Technical Director
Research Institution Information:
Combustion Research and Flow Technology, Inc.
6210 Kellers Church Road Pipersville, PA 18947
Number of Employees:
School of Aero. and Astro.
701 W. Stadium Avenue
West Lafayette, IN 47907 2045
Anastasios S. Lyrintzis
Nonprofit college or university