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Chemical Kinetics for Vitiated Flows

Award Information

Department of Defense
Air Force
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2008 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc.
8940 Old Annapolis Road Suite L Columbia, MD -
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2008
Title: Chemical Kinetics for Vitiated Flows
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Contract: FA8650-08-M-2879
Award Amount: $100,000.00


The flame stability in typical augmenters is largely determined by vitiated air composition and high preheat temperature of the incoming flow. Presence of significant quantities of CO2 and H2O in the vitiated air will affect the oxidation characteristics of jet fuels by increasing the third-body collision efficiencies of initiation and recombination reactions. Traditionally, kinetic models are validated against data acquired for unvitiated air. Thus, it is essential to validate the kinetic models against data obtained at typical augmenter operating conditions. Combustion Science & Engineering, Inc. proposes to acquire new experimental data using vitiated air at low pressures. The data will include ignition delay time data (at CSE), laminar flame speed data (at Georgia Tech) and flow reactor experiments (at Princeton University). CSE will also develop a model reduction tool to generate reduced models from detailed kinetic mechanisms that are validated against the experimental data acquired in this project. These reduced kinetic models can be implemented in CFD for practical augmenter simulations for commercial applications. In Phase I, experiments will be performed to obtain low pressure ignition delay time and laminar flame speed data. CSE will also evaluate various model reduction strategies to reduce detailed kinetic models for augmenter applications.

Principal Investigator:

Michael Klassen
Principal Research Engineer

Business Contact:

Richard Roby
President and Technical Director
Small Business Information at Submission:

8940 Old Annapolis Road Suite L Columbia, MD 21045

EIN/Tax ID: 522071781
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No