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SMART Cognitive Training

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
95691
Program Year/Program:
2010 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
AG035391
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
NIA
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
STERNBERG CONSULTING, LLC
4321 S Western Rd Stillwater, OK 74074-2423
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2010
Title: SMART Cognitive Training
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R43AG035391-01
Award Amount: $97,781.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This is an application to test the efficacy of a new approach to cognitive training that is focused on higher level processes such as reasoning and inference. The proposal concerns content of interest to mature adults . The product that will be developed out of the research efforts of Phases I and eventually II will be a cognitive training program for adults ages 55 and older (SMART - Sternberg Mediated Adult Reasoning Training). As people live longer, an important conc ern is to maintain their cognitive functioning, which increases their independence and reduces their health-care costs. Previous studies have found that cognitive abilities can be significantly increased through training programs. Most existing training pr ograms use fairly abstract items that are somewhat removed from content of everyday life. Our training program, SMART, is based on the real-life interests of mature adults and covers topics such as medical conditions and their treatments, financial plannin g, nutrition, travel, etc. It is concrete and real- world relevant in what it teaches. Furthermore, it develops the higher order skills important for adaptive success in mature people. SMART is based on Sternberg's theory of successful intelligence and add resses higher order cognitive skills: metacomponents, such as defining problems and formulating strategies to solve the problems; knowledge-acquisition components, such as selective encoding-deciding what new information is relevant for solving a probl em; and performance components, such as inference-ascertaining the relation between items of information. The tasks will involve analytical, creative, and practical thinking. The design of the study is a controlled experimental one involving experimental (SMART treatment) and control (alternative treatment stressing perceptual and episodic-memory cognitive processes) groups. The goal of Phase I is to create the program and pilot test it. Tests will be for efficacy in improving cognitive skills, as well as for the extent to which the program achieves customer acceptability and motivates participants. We will empirically compare the program's efficacy for males vs. females and younger mature adults (age 55 to 70) vs. older mature adults (age 71 to 85). Future phases will refine and further test the program and prepare it for commercial use. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The cognitive skills developed by SMART (Sternberg Mediated Adult Reasoning Training) are important not just for personal well-being, but fo r health-related outcomes. For example, higher cognitive skills are associated with better recognition of potential health problems at an earlier stage, better compliance with medical regimens, greater ability fully to cope with the direct and indirect con sequences of illnesses, and subsequently increased ability of staying independent in old age. The program is designed to appeal to mature adults by comprising content in areas such as travel, history, or health, that are interesting and challenging to olde r adults in order to enhance motivation to participate at a regular basis, and will be accessible to anyone interested through delivery over the Internet in a format that is fun, educational, and promoting of cognitive maintenance and even growth.

Principal Investigator:

Karin Sternberg
6173787580
KSTERNBERG@STERNBERGCONSULTING.COM

Business Contact:

Karin Sternberg
karin.sternberg@gmail.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

STERNBERG CONSULTING, LLC
STERNBERG CONSULTING, LLC 4321 S Western Rd Stillwater, OK 74074

EIN/Tax ID: 126340584
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No