USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

Cloud Background Clutter Suppression for Early Detection and Track

Award Information

Department of Defense
Missile Defense Agency
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2004 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Defense Research Associates, Inc.
3915 Germany Lane Suite 102 Beavercreek, OH -
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2004
Title: Cloud Background Clutter Suppression for Early Detection and Track
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Contract: F33615-03-M-1564
Award Amount: $69,662.00


Extracting missiles from the highly structured cloud/solar background is essential to early missile detection. DRA will develop a system which uses several discrimination techniques to discern the threat from the background. DRA's system is an extension of technology developed to detect tactical missiles. The system consists of a multi-color, low-cost, commercial off the shelf sensor operating in the visible to near-infrared and a suite of clutter rejection algorithms. The suite incorporates spatial, spectral, and passive target detection (based on optical flow) algorithms. DRA successfully demonstrated the performance of the system against tactical missiles. Extrapolation to the ballistic missile detection problem requires a small increase in clutter suppression (approximately 2:1) even though much longer ranges are required. During Phase I, DRA will test the cloud clutter rejection algorithms in a dynamic launch simulation achieved by inserting trajectory and spectrometric ballistic missile signatures into background image sequences previously recorded from a testbed aircraft with DRA's sensor. DRA will utilize the equipment that has been employed for demonstrating tactical missile detection and tracking against a wide variety of backgrounds. These backgrounds are available for this simulation test. DRA will also design an optimized system to be built and tested during Phase II. The developed technology will provide a low-cost, highly reliable system for detecting ballistic missiles early in flight. This will increase the chance of effectively defeating the threat before it reaches its intended target. The technologies to be developed under this effort are directly applicable to other programs: Airborne Laser, Detect and Avoid, aircraft self protection, and detecting and engaging enemy moving ground targets.

Principal Investigator:

Lowell Williams
Senior Engineer

Business Contact:

Ray A. Trimmer
Vice President
Small Business Information at Submission:

3915 Germany Lane, Suite 102 Beavercreek, OH 45431

EIN/Tax ID: 310970718
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No