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Company Information:

Name: EIC LABORATORIES, INC.
Address: 111 DOWNEY ST
NORWOOD, MA 02062-
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
URL: N/A
Phone: (781) 769-9450

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $21,149,476.00 264
SBIR Phase II $58,323,012.00 99
STTR Phase I $1,756,271.00 11
STTR Phase II $2,592,857.00 4

Award List:

SECONDARY LITHIUM BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $54,555.00
Abstract:
A feasibility study of a ambient temperature rechargeable lithium battery based on the li\a- v2s5 chemical couple is proposed. it is envisioned that this battery, when fully developed, will provide specific energies approaching 300 whr\kg and volumetric energy densities exceeding 300 whr\lite. in… More

AT PRESENT THERE ARE NO SPECTRALLY SELECTIVE SURFACES AVAILABLE FOR PHOTOTHERMAL APPLICATIONS WHICH CAN HAVE THEIR SELECTIVITY CHANGED DURING OPERATION OF SOLAR COLLECTORS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. timothy l. rose , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
At present there are no spectrally selective surfaces available for photothermal applications which can have their selectivity changed during operation of solar collectors. such an adjustment would permit control of the temperature of the collector in real time, provide a shutterin case of… More

IT IS PROPOSED TO INVESTIGATE CHEMICAL BATH DEPOSITION (CBD) FOR FABRICATION OF CU-IN-SE(2) THIN FILMS AND N-CDS/P-CU-IN-SE(2) HETEROJUNCTION THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: R. daviud raugh , DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH
Award Amount: $49,000.00
Abstract:
It is proposed to investigate chemical bath deposition (cbd) for fabrication of cu-in-se(2) thin films and n-cds/p-cu-in-se(2) heterojunction thin film solar cells. the cbd method requires no high vacuum, and is fundamentallya "low technology" process requiring minimal capital expenditure. the… More

OR AQUEOUS BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. martin w. rupich , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $35,000.00
Abstract:
There is a need for high voltage, low equivalent weight cathode materials for use in rechargeable non-aqueous or aqueous batteries. the halogens have the potential to meet these requirements. however, their application in practical cells is limited by severe self discharge. we propose to investigate… More

ALTERED METABOLISM IN THE LUNG APPEARS TO BE AN EARLY EVENT IN ACUTE PULMONARY FAILURE SECONDARY TO ENDOTHELIAL CELL DAMAGE, AND MAY BE DETECTED BY AN INCREASE IN THE LEVEL OF FREE 5-HYDROXYTRYPTAMINE (5-HT) IN PULMONARY BLOOD.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Lois s. robblee , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $46,711.00
Abstract:
Altered metabolism in the lung appears to be an early event in acute pulmonary failure secondary to endothelial cell damage, and may be detected by an increase in the level of free 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-ht) in pulmonary blood. direct and unambiguous measurement of free blood 5-ht levels to obtain… More

SCHOTTKY BARRIER PHOTOELECTRODES WITH VARIABLE BARRIER HGHT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,510.00

A NOVEL CHELATING SOLVENT FOR NON-AQUEOUS RECHARGEABLE CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Joseph S. Foos , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $34,000.00

PULSE MODULATED ELECTROPLATING OF MOLYBDENUM FROM ALKALI CHLORIDE MELTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sydney H. White , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $35,000.00

SCHOTTKY BARRIER PHOTOELECTRODES WITH VARIABLE BARRIER HGHT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $492,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research is to investigate the properties of schottky barriers formed between semiconductors and ion insertion compounds having continuously variable stoichiometries and work functions. in phase i, the diode p-si/mxwo3 (m=h, li, 0

TRANSFER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David r. rauh , INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,595.00
Abstract:
Since heat transfer in space is largely radiative, the emissivity of the surfaces linking the payload to the space environment are key to the problem of temperature stabilization and control in orbiting spacecraft. this project considers the design and fabrication of surfaces which would have… More

THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW CLASS OF CHEMICALLY STABLE CONDUCTIVE ORGANIC POLYMERS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R david rauh
Award Amount: $54,582.00
Abstract:
The proposed research will focus on the development of a new class of chemically stable conductive organic polymers. these will be single phase systems which do not require the dissolution of externally added "dopants" in the polymer matrix to impart conductivity. instead, a moiety which can create… More

USING METHODS COMPATIBLE WITH SOLAR CELL FABRICATION-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. tomothy l. rose , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $48,930.00
Abstract:
This project will explore new methods of fabricating the recently reported conductive polymer, poly (isothianaphthene) (pitn). when electrochemically formed films of pitn are doped, they have a high conductivity and are highly transparent in the visible portion of the spectrum. because the polymer… More

NEW VARIABLE-REFLECTIVITY ELECTROCHROMIC MATERIALS FOR SMART WINDOWS-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. R. David Rauh , Principal Invesigator
Award Amount: $48,932.00

A NOVEL CONDUCTIVE, REDOX PLYMER FOR BATTERY AND OTHER APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Joseph S Foos , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $40,000.00

PERCUTANEOUS ELECTRODES FOR INTRAMUSCULAR STIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,917.00

METAL-METAL MICROFILAMENTARY COMPOSITES FOR HIGH CURRENT ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $49,894.00

PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL FABRICATION OF SPECTROSCOPIC DIFFRACTION GRATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A NOVEL CHELATING SOLVENT FOR NON-AQUEOUS RECHARGEABLE CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Joseph S. Foos , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $199,000.00
Abstract:
A specific ether is proposed to be used with liasf(6) to give an electrolyte for use in rechargeable lithium batteries. this electrolyte is expected to allow the cycling of li in high efficiency. the ether is not available commercially and appears not to have been investigated for this use… More

PULSE MODULATED ELECTROPLATING OF MOLYBDENUM FROM ALKALI CHLORIDE MELTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sydney H. White , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
Refractory metals, with the exception of chromium, cannot be plated from aqueous solutions in coherent form. electroplating can be achieved from molten electrolytes operating at the temperature range from 500-1000 degrees c. because of the high temperatures and associated materials problems, these… More

NEW VARIABLE-REFLECTIVITY ELECTROCHROMIC MATERIALS FOR SMART WINDOWS-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. R. David Rauh , Principal Invesigator
Award Amount: $485,000.00
Abstract:
"smart" windows are under study for improving the efficiency of heating and cooling in buildings. such windows would have a continuously adjustable optical density. an all-solid-state thin-film electrochromic multilayer coating on glass or plastic might be employed to construct such a device. work… More

INTERFACE USING SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: J s foos
Award Amount: $49,991.00
Abstract:
There is much interest in rechargeable solid-state lithium batteries. polymer electrolytes have been evaluated for this application, however, significant reactivity has been observed between the polymer electrolytes and lithium. this reactivity could be very detrimental to the functioning of the… More

THE PROPOSED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT WILL FOCUS ON THE DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND TESTING OF A LI/TIS(2) RECHARGEABLE CELL THAT WOULD BE USED IN THE BA5590/U CONFIGURATION.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David a schwartz
Award Amount: $49,921.00
Abstract:
The proposed research and development will focus on the design, construction and testing of a li/tis(2) rechargeable cell that would be used in the ba5590/u configuration. design trade-offs such as rate capability, cycle life, capacity and cost would be considered. two designs would be chosen. seven… More

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Joseph S Foos
Award Amount: $53,925.00

REMOTE FIBER OPTIC SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS IN GROUND AND SURFACE WATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael M. Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ADVANCED BATTERY CATALYSTS - PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

FAST ELECTROCHROMIC SWITCHING FOR OPTICAL HARDENING APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $50,732.00

STUDIES OF THE FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLID STATE BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NICKEL OXIDE/HYDROGEN MULTILAYER BIPOLAR BATTERY DEVELOPMENT FOR PULSED POWER DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $53,814.00

METAL-METAL MICROFILAMENTARY COMPOSITES FOR HIGH CURRENT ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $84,000.00
Abstract:
The development of spaceborne weapons systems for the strategic defense initiative organization (sdio) has created the need for materials capable of handling substantial electric power load. in this proposal, we suggest the development of metal-metal microfilamentary composites as high current… More

PERCUTANEOUS ELECTRODES FOR INTRAMUSCULAR STIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $224,000.00
Abstract:
A program is proposed for the research and development of new percutaneous electrode designs suitable for chronic intramuscular stimulation. the proposed designs offer innovation in two important areas: the structural component of the flexible lead and the charge injection material. the first… More

PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL FABRICATION OF SPECTROSCOPIC DIFFRACTION GRATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
Photoelectrochemical etching is a one step, maskless processfor producing diffraction and transmission gratings in hard inorganic optical materials. the substrate material must bea semiconductor and the etching light source must be of energy greater than its bandgap. the grating pattern is projected… More

ADVANCED BATTERY CATALYSTS - PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
A research program aimed at studying the mechanism of electrocatalysis in the li/socl(2) is proposed. the catalytic activity of carbon cathodes impregnated with cobaltous oxide (coo), cobaltic oxide (co(2)o(3) or co towards the reduction of socl(2) will be assessed. methods are presented for the… More

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Joseph S Foos
Award Amount: $42,000.00
Abstract:
There is an active interest in rechargeable lithium batteries due to the high energy densities possible. these high energy densities require the cycling of the lithium electrode in high efficiency. it has been demonstrated that electrolyte composition plays a large role in lithium cycling efficiency… More

STUDIES OF THE FUNDAMENTALS OF SOLID STATE BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $249,353.00
Abstract:
A research program aimed at studying the fundamentals of solid state batteries which operate at or near room temperature is proposed. the relevant data will be obtained by studying the electrochemical behavior of a solid state rechargeable li cell of the configuration, where meep is poly(bis[methoxy… More

NICKEL OXIDE/HYDROGEN MULTILAYER BIPOLAR BATTERY DEVELOPMENT FOR PULSED POWER DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $259,000.00
Abstract:
Spaace-based missile defense systems will require sources of pulsed power to operate prospective directed energy weapons. power must be available instantaneously and sequential power pulses must have minimal interpulse delays. in principle, an electrochemical power source can provide power at a much… More

REMOTE FIBER OPTIC SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS IN GROUND AND SURFACE WATERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael M. Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $497,000.00
Abstract:
Energy-related industries can be sources of organic pollutants in groundwater, lakes and oceans which can have devasting consequences for the ecosystem. the goal of the proposed work is to develop a method for remote, in situ detection and speciation of these contaminants at the parts per billion… More

GROWTH OF FLUORIDE LASER CRYSTALS WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL MONITORING AND CONTROL OF COMPOSITION AND PURITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Variety of solid state lasers based on luminescent transition metal or rare earth ions in fluoride hosts show great promise for high efficiency broad tunability. the purity of the crystals, with respect to oxide/hydroxide,foreign metal ions and valence state on the luminescing ions, is critical to… More

INTEGRATED MOS CHEMICAL SENSORS UTILIZING INORGANIC INSERTION COMPOUNDS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Solid state chemical sensors based on chemically active thinfilms incorporated as gate metals in field effect transistors would be useful as gas analyzers for robotic planetary explorers and cabin/station atmospheres. these devices can be subject to micromineaturization, and integrated into circuits… More

CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE LITHIUM/POLY-CARBON MONOFLUORIDE BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr k m abraham
Award Amount: $54,562.00
Abstract:
A program to study the safety related chemistry of the li/(cf)x battery is proposed. commercial c-size cells will be used as the test vehicles for this investigation. in laying the foundation for a comprehensive assessment of the safety aspects of the li/(cf)x battery, the phase i effort will… More

PHOTOVOLTAIC AND PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYDIACETYLENES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr r david rauh
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Semiconductor polymers hold promise as very inexpensive photoconversion materials with high electronic mobilities compared with molecular organic crystals. unfortunately, these materials, exemplified by polyacetylene, can be made only in a highly disordered, porous morphology, so that charge… More

MICROELECTRODE MODIFICATION FOR VOLTAMMETRIC ANALYSIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Joseph s foos phd
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Microelectrodes and microelectrode arrays have been fabricated for use in living tissue for voltammetric analysis of biological fluids. the arrays are made on silicon substrates using the vacuum techniques employed in the electronics industry. these techniques are likely to be less useful when… More

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY CATHODES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham
Award Amount: $53,977.00

REMOTE FIBER OPTIC SENSOR FOR GASEOUS AND LIQUID ENVIRONMENT BASED ON SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY (SERS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $54,688.00

A NOVEL CONDUCTIVE, REDOX PLYMER FOR BATTERY AND OTHER APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Joseph S Foos , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $199,000.00
Abstract:
The synthesis and evaluation of a conductive, redox polymer is proposed for use as an electrode material for rechareableaqueous and non-aqueous batteries. in an electrode, this polymer would be capable of rapid and reversible electrochemistry withouit the use of metals. the polymer also has a low… More

FAST ELECTROCHROMIC SWITCHING FOR OPTICAL HARDENING APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
A program to develop electrochromic devices capable of fast transmissive to reflective optical switching is proposed. these devices would be used for optical hardening in the wavelength range from 0.615 micromwters. optical switching elements based on single crystal layers or epitaxial films of the… More

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY CATHODES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
A feasibility study of an ambient temperature rechargeable lithium battery based on the li/a-moo(x)s(3)-x chemical couple is proposed. it is envisioned that, fully developed, this battery will provide a specific energy approaching 300 wh/kg. in the phase i program it is proposed to synthesize and… More

NOVEL RECHARGEABLE SODIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: K m abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
It is proposed to evaluate nafeo2 and feoci as positive electrodes (cathodes) for a moderate temperature rechargeable na battery of the configuration liquid na/beta"-a12o3/molten nafeo2 naalcl4, or feocl the anticipated operating temperature range of the battery is 175 to 200 degrees c. these oxide… More

REMOTE FIBER OPTIC SENSOR FOR GASEOUS AND LIQUID ENVIRONMENT BASED ON SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY (SERS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
There is a universal need within the defense-related operations for chemical sensing. in most cases, the favorable configuration of a sensor would be one in which the detector (i.e., probe) would operate in situ and produce information on chemical composition in real time with a high level of… More

PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL FABRICATION OF SPECTROSCOPIC DIFFRACTION GRATING IN SILICON CARBIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr michael m carrabba
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Gratings and optical components that operate in the vacuum ultraviolet (vuv) and the x-ray region are important components of spectroscopic instrumentation for many of nasa's space missions (e.g., lyman). silicon carbide (sic) possesses the requirements of high reflectivity, low scattering, high… More

TUNABLE HIGH T(C) SUPERCONDUCTING INFRARED DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: James d klein
Award Amount: $53,849.00
Abstract:
A supersonductor based infrared detector with a continuously variable sensitivity is proposed. the superconducting thin film is to have a polycrystalline nature to achieve josephson junction behavior directly through the anisotropic superconducting properties of yba(2)cu(3)o(7-x). the deposition… More

FABRICATION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHICALLY ORIENTED SUPERCONDUCTING OXIDES BY A LOW TEMPERATURE SOLUTION PHASE REACTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Martin W Rupich
Award Amount: $53,896.00

A VARIABLE TRANSMITTANCE ELECTROCHROMIC SPACE SUIT VISOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A LI/SO(2)CL(2) CELL WITH IMPROVED PERFORMANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $49,983.00

THE DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIFILAMENTARY SUPERCONDUCTING COM- POSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A VARIABLE TRANSMITTANCE ELECTROCHROMIC SPACE SUIT VISOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $495,000.00
Abstract:
A space suit visor with a continuously variable gray scale transmittance is proposed. the solid state light modulatorswill have a sandwich structure comprised of electrochromic thin films separated by a polymeric electrolyte. the structure is analogous to a rechargeable, thin film battery with… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF MULTIFILAMENTARY SUPERCONDUCTING COM- POSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This project will develop multifilamentary yba(2)cu(3)o(7)-x(123) superconducting composites. the fabrication process is based on the sol-gel preparation of continuous-filament 123 material by a melt spinning technique followed by liquid metal infiltration of multifilament bundles to form… More

FABRICATION OF CRYSTALLOGRAPHICALLY ORIENTED SUPERCONDUCTING OXIDES BY A LOW TEMPERATURE SOLUTION PHASE REACTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Martin W Rupich
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
There is presently a need to increase the current carrying capabilities of the new high temperature, ceramic superconductors. unless higher critical currents are achieved in bulk superconducting materials, the present class of materials will not meet the requirements of many anticipated… More

A LI/SO(2)CL(2) CELL WITH IMPROVED PERFORMANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $499,910.00
Abstract:
A research and development program aimed at developing a li/so(2)cl(2) cell having improved performance characteristics is proposed. this cell, when full developed, is expected to have a significantly higher volumetric energy density than the li/socl(2) cell. improvements in the performance of the… More

RECEPTOR-BASED SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN BIOSENSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: L S Robblee/m M Carrabba
Award Amount: $51,850.00
Abstract:
Biosensors depend on the binding affinity of a biological receptor molecular for a specific chemical structure and a means of detecting the binding reaction. we propose a receptor-based biosensor coupled with surface enhanced raman spectroscopy (sers) for a direct spectroscopic approach to… More

A TRANSPORTABLE INSTRUMENT FOR REAL-TIME ON SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $59,960.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop a universal, transportable instrument for real-time identification and monitoring of hazardous chemicals, in both gaseous and aqueous environments, for air force applications. the proposed instrument would be based on near-infrared surface enhanced raman… More

TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE ALL PLASTIC COMPOSITES FOR AIRCRAFT WINDOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Timothy L Rose
Award Amount: $54,276.00
Abstract:
Effective discharge of the electrostatic charge buildup on aircraft is not presently possible on those areas such as the cockpit canopy and windows where the necessity of transparency does not allow use of metallic films or conducting composites which are opaque. the proposed work will fabricate and… More

ION BEAM DEPOSITION OF RF SUPERCONDUCTING FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James D Klein , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,983.00
Abstract:
The development of a thin film vacuum deposition process suitable for the fabrication of superconducting microwave circuit elements based on high-tcyba2cu307-x is proposed. thedual ion beam fabrication method will facilitate low-temperature deposition of dense epitaxial films of uniform… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A program to develop a high-tc composite with the superconducting performance and mechanical properties necessary for practical spaceborne applications is proposed. a modified sol-gel technique will be developed for fabricating continuous filament high-tc and high-jc composites stabilized with an… More

QUANTUM/THERMAL CATALYTIC DESTRUCTION OF CHLOROALIPHATIC POLLUTANTS ON METAL OXIDES USING CONCENTRATED SUNLIGHT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Benedict Aurian-blajen , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Pollution of wastewater by toxic organics is a global problem. this research is designed to develop a cost- and energy-efficient method of water purification using irradiation of semiconductor particles by concentrated solar energy. the energy of the entire solar spectrum absorbed by the particles… More

A REAL-TIME HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL EMISSION RATE MONITORING INSTRUMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $51,000.00

NEVEL MICROELECTRODES FOR NEURAL STIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,987.00

A LOW DAMAGE SIC GRATING FOR SYNCHROTRON RADIATION BY PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael M Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

REAL-TIME HYDRAZINE MONITORING WITH SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY (SERS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Martin W Rupich
Award Amount: $50,000.00

NONMAGNETIC HYPODERMIC NEEDLES FOR MRI ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,984.00

LONG CYCLE LIFE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIGHLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ELECTROLYTES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,950.00

ELECTROPOLYMERIZED METALLO-MARCOCYCLES AS CATALYSTS IN LI/SOC12 CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A REAL-TIME HAZARDOUS CHEMICAL EMISSION RATE MONITORING INSTRUMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $225,000.00
Abstract:
Leaks of hypergolic propellants as well as other hazardous chemicals (e.g., amonia, chlorine, hydrogen fluoride, and hydrogen sulfide) can present significant hazards to the safety of civilian and air force personnel. in the case of an accidental release, the toxic nature of these materials requires… More

LONG CYCLE LIFE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $493,106.00
Abstract:
New research strategies to significantly improve the cycle life of ambient temperature rechargeable li cells are proposed. experimental studies of representative cell systems to demonstrate feasibility of the approaches will be carried out in phase i. the principal aspect of the new strategies is… More

REAL-TIME HYDRAZINE MONITORING WITH SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY (SERS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Martin W Rupich
Award Amount: $311,771.00
Abstract:
Large quantities of hydrazine and nitrogen tetraoxide are used in the space shuttle operations. leaks of these materials can present significant hazards to the safety of the ground and flight crew and the space shuttle itself. in addition, the toxic nature of these materials requires that their… More

A LOW DAMAGE SIC GRATING FOR SYNCHROTRON RADIATION BY PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael M Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $495,446.00
Abstract:
Diffraction gratings that operate in the vacuum ultraviolet (vuv) and x-ray spectral regions are important components ofspectroscopic instrumentation used with the synchrotron light source (sls). silicon carbide (sic) is the substrate of choice for these components, not only for its high… More

NEVEL MICROELECTRODES FOR NEURAL STIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $449,940.00
Abstract:
The next generation of electrodes for neural prostheses willrequire arrays of microelectrodes for highly selective stimulation and monitoring of the stimulated environment. the goal of this program is to develop microelectrode structures that have good long-term stability in biological environments,… More

HIGHLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ELECTROLYTES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,991.00
Abstract:
This study involves the synthesis and characterization of highly ionically conductive polymer electrolytes. the polymers will be prepared by a new, general synthetic procedure that allows the preparation of a variety of polymers whose metal salt complexes would have high ionic conductivity at or… More

EFFICIENT FAR INFRARED INDUCTIVE MESH FILTERS BY PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,605.00
Abstract:
Nasa has numerous applications for far infrared and submillimeter spectroscopy, including orbiting observation of the earth's atmosphere, detection of plants orbiting nearby stars, and mapping of the infrared sky. the instrumentation generally requires beamsplitters and bandpass or cutoff filters,… More

NONMAGNETIC HYPODERMIC NEEDLES FOR MRI ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
A nonferrous and nonmagnetic hypodermic needle based on titanium alloy metallurgy is to be fabricated as an alternative for use in service environments involving high magnetic fields and long-term implantation. stainless-steelhypodermic needles commonly used in intravenous treatment become hazardous… More

ROBUST HIGH TC RIBBON FOR POWER TRANSMISSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James D. Klein , Senior Materials Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The development of flexible high tc ribbon conductors suitable for power transmission applications is proposed. the novel production method will address the issues of mechanical integrity, critical current density, and scale-upcapability essential to the implementation of ceramic superconductors in… More

NON-AQUEOUS MAGNESIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The development of high energy density magnesium batteries, with sulfur dioxide serving either as a cathode depolarizer or as an electrolytic solvent, is proposed. in the latter configuration, a metal fluoride, insoluble in so2, will serve as the cathode depolarizer. the conductivity of mg salts in… More

SACRIFICIAL ELECTRODES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Gerhard L Holleck
Award Amount: $55,335.00
Abstract:
Electromagnetic thrusters represent a promising means for the noiseless propulsion of submersible. the power and efficiency of electromagnetic thrusters is determined by the conductivity of the fluid and by the strength of the magnetic field. the low conductivity of seawater is the main limitation.… More

STABLE SILVER OXIDE (AGO) BATTERY ELECTRODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Trung H Nguyen
Award Amount: $55,855.00
Abstract:
Electrochemically prepared (ep) silver oxide has been used in primary reserve zn-silver oxide batteries because of it high rate discharge capability. however, the ep silver oxide is thermally unstable under storage thus limiting the shelf life of the zn-ago batteries and forcing manufacturers to… More

ULTRAMICROBAND ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTORS FOR MICROBORE HPLC

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Urszula M Twardoch
Award Amount: $49,977.00
Abstract:
Microbore high-performance liquid chromatography (hplc) is avery useful technique for analyzing small-volume neurochemical extracts. electrochemical detection, a stapleof normal hplc, has been difficult to implement in this restricted microbore environment. it is planned to investigate tubular… More

NEW LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L Holleck
Award Amount: $49,595.00
Abstract:
The overall goals of this work are new batteries based on reli cells for external and internal power supplies for ventricular assist devices. the goal of phase i is to demonstrate at the cell level an external power supply based on reli cells that can deliver apeak power of 36 watts and a mean power… More

SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN IMMUNOSENSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Lois S Robblee
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This research will develop immunospecific sensors for use with surface-enhanced raman (ser) spectroscopy for a direct approach to immunoassay. the phase i objective is to demonstrate that sufficient differences exist between ser spectra of an antibody (ab) molecule, its complementary antigen (ag),… More

A FIBEROPTIC PROBE FOR IN VIVO NEUROTRANSMITTER ANALYSIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Lois S Robblee
Award Amount: $49,974.00
Abstract:
Microdialysis (md) is an increasingly important tool for sampling the extracellular fluid of specific regions of the brain. real-time, direct analysis of the microdialysatewould be advantageous for studying dynamic changes in brain chemistry as a function of behavior or in response to experimental… More

A NEAR-INFRARED FIBEROPTICALLY COUPLED RAMAN SPECTROMETER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba
Award Amount: $499,974.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop a low-cost, fiberoptically coupled raman spectrometer for biological, biochemical, biophysical, and clinical applications. raman spectroscopy provides molecular fingerprinting capabilities as does infrared spectroscopy, but unlike infrared, raman… More

PHOTOETCHED ECHELLE GRATINGS IN SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DEVELOPMENT OF A BIPOLAR LEAD/FLUOROBORIC ACID BATTERY FOR PULSE POWER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Gerhard L Holleck
Award Amount: $54,110.00

ACTIVE MINE BATTERIES WITH LONG SHELF-LIFE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham
Award Amount: $72,273.00

VARIABLE EMITTANCE COATINGS FOR INFRARED SIGNATURE SUPPRESSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh
Award Amount: $55,696.00

ELECTROPOLYMERIZED METALLO-MARCOCYCLES AS CATALYSTS IN LI/SOC12 CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham
Award Amount: $493,929.00
Abstract:
A research and development program aimed at studying electropolymerized metallo-por-phyrins, phthalocyanines and tetraazannulenes as catalysts in the li/socl(2) cell is proposed. these catalysts will be deposited as conductive polymer films on the porous carbon electrodes, prior to their use in… More

PHOTOETCHED ECHELLE GRATINGS IN SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $497,049.00
Abstract:
Echelle diffraction gratings are critical components in many of nasa's space missions for the purpose of spectral analysis of light from stellar and albedo sources. for example, the space telescope imaging spectrograph (stis) incorporates several echelle spectroscopic gratings into itsoptical… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A BIPOLAR LEAD/FLUOROBORIC ACID BATTERY FOR PULSE POWER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Gerhard L Holleck
Award Amount: $499,040.00
Abstract:
The u.s. air force requires standard pulse power sources for airborne/spaceborne applications with power densities greater than 50 kw/kg. to meet these requirements, we propose to develop a rechargeable high power bipolar battery based on the pb/hbf/(4)pbo(2) system. this battery is unique in that… More

UNIVERSAL CHEMICAL VAPOR SENSORS WITH COMBINED MASS AND SPECTROSCOPIC SELECTIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Michael M Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this phase i project is to demonstrate the technical feasibility of combining mass-sensitive and optical spectroscopic techniques to provide a universal sensor for both identification and quantification of vapor phase constituents with sensitivity better than 1 part per million. the… More

INVESTIGATION OF THE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM COBALT OXIDE CELL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $59,978.00
Abstract:
The li/lixcoo2, methyl formate rechargeable cell will be investigated with emphasis on the following technical objectives: - determine the amount of li that can be intercalated in and deintercalated from the coo2 structure without adverse effects on its rechargeability. - establish the voltage… More

SWITCHABLE POLYMER MICROWAVE ABSORBER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Martin W Rupich , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $543,252.00
Abstract:
It is proposed to develop a conductive polymer laminate that can beswitched between microwave transmitting and absorbing states, and tuned to intermediate states, by the application of a small dc electrical current. the laminate would have a lightweight polymer construction and could be used to… More

A HIGH VOLTAGE LITHIUM BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $59,892.00
Abstract:
The design of a high-power, short-lived lithium battery is proposed along with experimental strategies to achieve the design goals. the experimental tasks include the development of thin cathodes of a high-voltage cathode material, optimization of highly conductive electrolytes, and evaluation of… More

NEW ELECTROLYTES FOR SECONDARY LI/TIS2 CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,996.00
Abstract:
The key to widespread application of rechargeable lithium cells is an electrolyte that does not undergo reactions leading to cell venting under all likely conditions of cell abuse (electrical, mechanical, or thermal). this project will synthesize a number of new lithium salts and characterize their… More

A ROCKET ENGINE LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM FOR HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,995.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop a real-time leak-detection and -monitoring system for hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen in sts applications. the objective of phase i is to develop and test several methodologies for the qualitative and quantitative measurement of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen in… More

A NONINTRUSIVE MONITOR FOR BIOCORROSION/BIOFOULING OF COATED METALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $59,773.00

THIN-FILM HERMETIC COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart T. Cogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,997.00

SOLID STATE PULSE POWER BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $59,931.00

ION BEAM DEPOSITED FERROELECTRIC MEMORY FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: James D Klein , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $60,876.00

VARIABLE EMITTANCE COATINGS FOR INFRARED SIGNATURE SUPPRESSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh
Award Amount: $248,361.00

HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTING COMPOSITES FOR INTERCONNECTS TO CRYOGENIC EQUIPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,983.00

NOVEL SOLID ELECTROLYTES FOR LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: K Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $59,585.00

SWITCHABLE POLYMER MICROWAVE ABSORBER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Martin W Rupich , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $66,675.00

ACTIVE MINE BATTERIES WITH LONG SHELF-LIFE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr K M Abraham
Award Amount: $498,539.00
Abstract:
A research program to culminate in the development of active mine batteries with little or no voltage delay and excellent capacity retention during storage is proposed. our approach involves the use of li anode overlayers composed of li+ conductive polymer electrolytes derived from dimensionally… More

THIN-FILM HERMETIC COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart T. Cogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,930.00
Abstract:
We will develop thin-film, electrically insulating hermetic coatings capable of protecting bioimplantable devices and electrical cables from degradation in the in vivo environment. these coatings will be substantially impervious to h2o, o2, and ions over the anticipated lifetime of chronically… More

SOLID STATE PULSE POWER BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: K M Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Solid-state batteries have longer shelf-life and better reliability than their liquid electrolyte counterparts. they have long shelf-life due to little or no self-discharge, are rugged and can be assembled into leakage current-free bipolar structures. bipolar batteries are desired for applications… More

NOVEL SOLID ELECTROLYTES FOR LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: K Abraham , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
Novel concepts are proposed to prepare li+-conductive solid polymer electrolytes with ionic conductivities of the order of 10-3 to 10-2 ohm-l.cm-1 at room temperature and below. high ionic conductivity in these electrolytes is expected to result from the use of electrolyte components which enhance… More

HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTING COMPOSITES FOR INTERCONNECTS TO CRYOGENIC EQUIPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $499,999.00
Abstract:
A vacuum-deposition process that promotes crystal-lographic orientation and high critical currents in yba2cu3o7-x films deposited on ceramic substrates will be developed as a means of fabricating flexible electrical interconnects to cryogenic equipment in the space environment. the interconnects… More

HIGH DIELECTRIC ENDOHEDRAL FULLERENE FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: James Klein
Award Amount: $63,800.00
Abstract:
Although the structure and properties of c60 buckminsterfullerene are intriguing, the most technologically useful behavior will be derived from endohedral and interstitial metal fullerene complexes. the development of high dielectric strength capacitors based on thin films of endohedral fullerene… More

LITHIUM-GRAPHITE INTERCALATION ANODES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Rechargeable lithium-polymer batteries have the potential for high energy and power densities. short cycle life and safety concerns, both the result of the metallic lithium (li) electrode, are the main impediments. lithium intercalation anodes can eliminate both problems. the purpose of the planned… More

POLYMER ELECTROLYTES FOR HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A comprehensive program to prepare and characterize novel solid polymer electrolytes possessing a room temperature conductivity greater than 10(-3) ohm(-1)cm(-1) and electrochemical oxidative stability exceeding 4.5 v versus li(+)/li is planned. these electrolytes are of considerable importance for… More

A NEW CLASS OF IONOMER MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Ionomer membranes are presently used in desalination, waste water cleanup, and chemical production. use of a membrane material with lower ionic resistivity than is currently available would reduce the energy expenditure in all of these processes. in addition, lower production cost and improved… More

Optically Switchable Conductive Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $61,401.00
Abstract:
Organic polymers will play a key role in optical processing by spatial light modulation, information storage, and optical bistability. This project will develop the first examples of polymers in which light induces persistent changes in optical absorption, electronic conductivity, and refractive… More

Low Temperature Deposition of YBa2Cu3O(7-x) Films on Large Area and Non-planar Substrates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Martin W. Rupich
Award Amount: $62,410.00
Abstract:
Solution based deposition processes represent an extremely attractive method for the inexpensive fabrication of high Tc superconducting films on large area and non-planar surfaces. EIC Laboratories has developed a unique precursor consisting of an extremely soluble Cu-Ba-Y oxoalkalide complex that… More

A COMPACT RAMAN OPTICAL ACTIVITY INSTRUMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M Spencer
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop an analytical instrument which will allow rapid determination of enantiomeric purity and/or molecular conformation. the determination of enantiomeric purity is important since the efficacy of some chiral drugs is diminished by the presence of the opposite… More

OPTIMIZATION OF ELECTROLYTE BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: K.m. Abraham
Award Amount: $61,183.00

A FIBER OPTIC AQUEOUS PHASE TRICHLOROETHYLENE SENSING INSTRUMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $61,600.00

A RECHARGEABLE SOLID-STATE BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K.m. Abraham, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $49,361.00

COMPACT RAMAN SPECTROGRAPH WITH FIBER OPTIC SAMPLING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $61,825.00

THIN-FILM PERIPHERAL NERVE ELECTRODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ELECTROCHOMIC AIRCRAFT CANOPIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $57,936.00

RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY WITH SOILD ELECTROLYTES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. K. M. Abraham
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ION BEAM DEPOSITED FERROELECTRIC MEMORY FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: James D Klein , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,999.00
Abstract:
Computer memory arrays are extremely vulnerable to electromagnetic disturbances resulting from accidental or hostile actions. hardening against such effects can be imparted either by adding external protection to existing systems or by incorporating survivability in new designs. inherent hardness… More

OPTIMIZATION OF ELECTROLYTE BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: K.m. Abraham
Award Amount: $649,804.00
Abstract:
A research program to identify and improve the parameters which affect the performance of the li/polymer electrolyte/limn204 cell is proposed. the cell, using the highly reversible limn204 insertion cathode, will utilize a polyacrylonitrile based polymer electrolyte with a conductivity of >10-3… More

RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY WITH SOILD ELECTROLYTES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. K. M. Abraham
Award Amount: $489,420.00
Abstract:
The availability of solid polymer electrolytes with room temperature conductivities of 2 x 10-3 ohm-1 .cm-1 makes if possible to consider the development of rechargeable solid-state li batteries for military applications. the development of a li/mno2 battery utilizing the pan-ec-pc-lix solid… More

A FIBER OPTIC AQUEOUS PHASE TRICHLOROETHYLENE SENSING INSTRUMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $360,504.00
Abstract:
The purpose of this program is to develop a real-time chemical sensing instrument for detecting and monitoring of chlorinated organic solvent contaminants, particularly trichloroethylene (tce). the proposed work is based on the principle of combining spectroscopic, electrochemical and fiber optic… More

Variable Emittance Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $62,130.00
Abstract:
The development of thin film devices and coatings with an electrically tunable emittance in the 3-5 microns and 8-12 microns spectral bands in proposed. The emittance modulation is based on reversible electrochromic switching in thin films of crystalline transition metal oxides. On electrochemical… More

ELECTROCHOMIC AIRCRAFT CANOPIES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $507,616.00
Abstract:
The development of variable emittance devices for broadband countersurveillance applications in the near-uv, visible, near-infrared, and 3-5 um and 8-12 um infrared windows is proposed. a large emittance modulation that can be electrically tuned to match the background emittance of diverse terrain… More

Thin Film Batteries For Microelectronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan
Award Amount: $67,835.00
Abstract:
The development of thin film, solid state batteries for microelectronic applications is proposed. The batteries will be fabricated on ceramic substrates suitable for encapsulation in integration circuits using lead frame technology or as discrete components in multichip modules. The batteries are… More

THIN-FILM PERIPHERAL NERVE ELECTRODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $499,085.00
Abstract:
We will develop and evaluate novel circumneural electrodes with the potential for high selectivity and graded responses. the processing advantages of thin film technology will be used to fabricate electrodes with up to 16 independently controlled charge injection sites arrayed on a circumneural… More

IN SITU POLYMERIZTION OF DNAPLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $68,172.00
Abstract:
EPA has targeted DNAPLS, dense nonaqueous phase liquids, which sink below and leach into the groundwater as a major problem inhibiting successful cleanup of contaminated groundwater. The proposed program will develop a containment process, dubbed GRIP, for Gamma (Y) Ray Induced Polymerization, which… More

ELECTROCHROMIC GLAZINGS DE[POSITED BY HIGH RATE PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
A project to develop variable solar transmittance coatings for architectural glazing applications is planned. the transmittance modulation is based on the electrochromic response of transition metal oxide films, electrochemically reduced and oxidized using lithium ion insertion and extraction. the… More

NEW CATHODE MATERIALS FOR LONG LIFE LITHIUM THERMAL BATTERY TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Trung H Nguyen
Award Amount: $60,615.00
Abstract:
The Navy has several military applications that require portable power sources capable of delivering a successiion of repeatable high power pulses for a spectrum of devices. At the present time Li-alloy/FeS2 battery with molten salt electrolyte has the desired characteristics of fast transport and… More

Low Noise Microelectrode Array for Extracellular Record

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Lois S. Robblee
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
An integrated approach to probing the electrophysiology of neural tissue in the normal or pathological state requires multiple electrodes for simultaneous recording of neural activity at different levels in tissue. Typical microelectrodes for single unit recording have high impedances due to the… More

Analysis of Nucleic Acids Using Raman Optical Activity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $49,984.00
Abstract:
The objective is to develop a technique that can elucidate structural information from complex nucleic acids. Ideally, any technique employed for nucleic acid analysis should yield not only structural details which will reveal the nucleotide sequence, but will also provide the end user with three… More

Multilayer Thin Film Electrode for HPLC Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $49,880.00
Abstract:
Microbore HPLC is a very useful technique for analyzing small volume neurochemical extracts, but electrochemical detection has been difficult to implement in the restricted microbore environment. The goal of the contract is to develop a tubular ultramicroelectrode array for use in a detector… More

New Methods for Ultramicroelectrode Fabrication

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
There are no commercially available Ir ultramicroelectrodes for neural stimulation and recording which are free of defects at the metal/insulator junction. We will make detect-free ultramicroelectrodes which will have dimensional and electrochemical stability for chronic use. In Phase I, Ir foil… More

Solid-State Microionic Oxygen Sensor for Closed, Environmental Life-Support Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dennis N. Crouse
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Near-Ambient Solid-Polymer Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L. Holleck
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Modulation of Solar Momentum for Satellite Attitude Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James D. Klein
Award Amount: $50,000.00

A RECHARGEABLE SOLID-STATE BATTERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K.m. Abraham, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $486,997.00

A NONINTRUSIVE MONITOR FOR BIOCORROSION/BIOFOULING OF COATED METALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael M Carrabba , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $595,004.00
Abstract:
The understanding of mechanisms involved during microbiologically induced corrosion (mic) of epoxy coated, nylon coated, and polyurethane coated metals in cooling systems is of the utmost importance to naval operations. of particular importance are the role of mechanisms by which marine algae and… More

COMPACT RAMAN SPECTROGRAPH WITH FIBER OPTIC SAMPLING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $372,397.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this program is to develop a raman spectrograph for detection and identfication of chemical/biological contamination on surfaces, and which can be engineered as a field hardened, compact, lightweight portable system. the proposed spectrograph will permit a full (4000/cm)… More

Quantifying Chronic Alcoholism Using RAman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $80,218.00
Abstract:
We will develop an analytical instrument which will rapidly quantify alcoholic severity in anindividual. One detriment of alcohol abuse is the reliance upon accurate self reporting. Quantitativeresults could be achieved if a minimally invasive method could monitor a biochemical marker foralcoholism.… More

Rapid Nondestructive Analysis of Opioid Peptide Purity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin Spencer
Award Amount: $80,248.00
Abstract:
This project is to develop an analytical instrument and associated protocols for the rapid,nondestructive measurement of molecular and optical purity of the opioid peptides. The instrument willutilize Raman spectroscopy for determination of molecular purity and Raman optical activity (ROA)… More

Photoelectrochemically Etched Microchannel Plates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The microchannel plate (MCP) is one of the most important components in spectroscopic systems for characterization of deep space radiation such as the Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer. The MCP requires an array of high aspect ratio channels in a substrate with conductors on the front and back faces. We… More

IONOMER MEMBRANE INCORPORATING A NEW SUPERACID

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Timothy L Rose
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Ionomer membranes are presently used in desalination, waste water cleanup, chemical production, and fuel cells. use of a membrane material with lower ionic resistivity than is currently available would reduce the energy expenditure in all of these processes. in addition, lower production cost and… More

ECONOMICAL PHOTOCHROMIC FILMS FOR SOLAR THEMAL CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Thermal Control Coatings for Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Environmentally Compliant low Observable Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dennis N. Crouse
Award Amount: $60,000.00

Thermal Control Coatings for Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The development of coatings with electrically tunable infrared emittance for controlling radiant heat transfer in the space environment is proposed. The emittance modulation is achieved using electrochromic materials whose infrared reflectance can be continuously and reversibly modulated. The… More

Environmentally Compliant low Observable Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dennis N. Crouse
Award Amount: $749,000.00
Abstract:
A program to develop infrared transparent binders for optical signature control coatings and low emissivity paints is proposed. In addition to visible and near-infrared transmittance, the binders are chemically tailored to have no significant absorption bands in either the 3-5 m or 8-1 m atmospheric… More

ECONOMICAL PHOTOCHROMIC FILMS FOR SOLAR THEMAL CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr R David Rauh
Award Amount: $736,720.00
Abstract:
The goal of this work is to develop a robust thin film coating, less than 1 um thick, that can be applied to surraces, rendering them photochromic in sunlight with respect to both the visible and near infrared components of the solar spectrum. applied to windows these single layer "chromogenic"… More

Photocatalytic Degradation of Chemical Agent Simulants with Solar Irradiation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $69,615.00
Abstract:
There is need for an environmentally safe and economically viable process to destroy the stockpiles of chemical warfare agents in the United States. Photocatalysis driven by light from the sun using semiconductor surfaces and particles has thus far failed to provide the necessary combination of… More

Exremely Lightweight Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L. Holleck
Award Amount: $69,399.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army requires lightweight man-portable power supplies delivering approximately 300 W and weighing less than 5 kG. In this context we propose to develop a polymer electrolyte membrane hydrogen fuel cell with an ultra lightweight cell stack which can operate efficiently at near ambient… More

Novel Polymer Surfactants for Enhanced Oil Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Timothy L. Rose
Award Amount: $75,000.00

High Capacity Carbon Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: K. M. Abraham
Award Amount: $74,500.00

Environmentally Benign Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $80,000.00

Environmentally Benign Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $749,426.00
Abstract:
Paints are used extensively for the corrosion protection of aircraft. A paint system typically comprises of an underlying primer and a topcoat with the primer containing pigments that act as corrosion inhibitors. The most successful inhibitors in aircraft paints are the chromates (e.g., zinc… More

Biodegradable Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: K. M. Abraham
Award Amount: $72,457.00
Abstract:
A program to develop biodegradable polymer batteries is proposed. The Phase I effort is directed at demonstrating the feasibility of a polymer electrolyte-based Li/0, battery in which the polymer electrolyte is biodegradable. The following tasks will be carried out. Task I: Preparation of polymer… More

An Integrated Microfluidic System on a Chip for Chemical Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: John Haas, Iii
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a generic modular microanalytical system which will integrate sample workup, separation and detection on a chip. It is the ultimate goal to provide chip-based assays dedicated to a predetermined set of analytes. This analyzer will replace more expensive and complex gas… More

A High Power Battery Based on Insertion Electrodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. K. M. Abraham
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
40297 November 6, 1996 EIC Laboratories, Inc. Widespread use of electric vehicles will depend on rechargeable batteries with high power and energy and long cycle life. This project will develop a high power rechargeable battery composed of Li insertion… More

A High Temperature Fiber Optic Raman Probe for Corrosion and Process Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00

SBIR PHASE I: Multilayer Electrochromic Films for Enhanced Optical Modulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan
Award Amount: $75,000.00

SBIR PHASE I: Advanced Membrane for Waste Metal Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Timothy Rose
Award Amount: $75,000.00

ELECTRO-CLEAVALBE EPOXY THERMOSETS: On-Demand Release, High Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert
Award Amount: $99,999.00

SIC COMPOSITE ELECTRODES FOR NEURAL PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Carbon Monoxide Tolerant Anodes for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Gerhard L. Holleck
Award Amount: $75,000.00

HIGH RESOLUTION UV RESONANCE RAMAN SPECTROGRAPH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Processible Conductive Resin for High Temperature Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $99,999.00

LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR MICROSPACECRAFTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K. M. Abraham , Director, Battery Research
Award Amount: $70,000.00

ELECTRO-CLEAVALBE EPOXY THERMOSETS: On-Demand Release, High Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert
Award Amount: $749,550.00
Abstract:
An electrochemically cleavable epoxy is proposed as a reversible adhesive, suitable for a wide range of military and industrial applications. The Air Force currently needs to adhesively bond sub-miniaturized telemetry (SMT) and global positioning system (GPS) units to various locations on jet… More

A High Temperature Fiber Optic Raman Probe for Corrosion and Process Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
The ability to monitor the progress of chemical reactions and to detect the presence of corrosive constituents is a challenge in the emerging field of hydrothermal oxidation (HTO) reactors. Likewise, there is also a need to monitor crevice corrosion in commercial steam-generation boilers because… More

Processible Conductive Resin for High Temperature Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The ideal polymer resin for space applications requiring electrical conductivity would combine high conductivity with good mechanical strength, environmental stability, and low processing requirements. There are no polymers available which combine all of these desired properties. The… More

THEORETICAL PREDICTION AND SYNTHESIS OF NEW BICHROMOPHORE OPTICAL LIMITERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: R. Avid Rauh
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Optical limiting is an approach to protecting the human eye and electro-optical sensors against laser damage. Required are weakly absorbing materials that are efficiently converted to strongly absorbing excited state(s) during a laser pulse and then decay to the ground state to provide continued… More

Conductive Polymer Coated Electrodes for Rapid Electrochromic Switching

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The polymer film located between the fingers of a metal grid is a critical element in developing an operational electrochromic switch on a poly(tetrafluoroethylene) substrate. The polymer must be thin and highly conductive in one state to give the switch both a rapid response and a high contrast… More

A Laser-Based High Optical Density Absorption Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr. Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
As lasers become increasingly employed in military applications, demands for improved protective optical filters will escalate. To ensure adequate eye and sensor protection, it will be increasingly important to accurately quantify high optical densities over the area of laser attenuating goggles,… More

Thin Film Conductive Oxide Matrices for Electrochemical Biosensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $98,991.00
Abstract:
The proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons presents a continuing need for the Army to develop sensors that are "faster, cheaper and better". The requirement is for "multi-agent sensors and detectors providing real-time detection and identification of chemical/biological… More

INTRINSICALLY CONDUCTING ELASTOMERS AS GAP FILLING MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Development of a gap filling, electrically conductive elastomer is proposed. The elastomer will consist of a two-phase mixture of an elastomeric aircraft sealant and an intrinsically conducting polymer. The principal innovations are the use of polymerization induced phase separation to create a… More

Advanced Polymer Material for Metal-Contaminated Soil Remediation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
Toxic heavy metals, such as Pb, Cd and Cr, have been identified in the soil on Army firing ranges and around industrial sites which can contaminate the ground water and present a inhalation and digestion hazard. New technologies are needed for cost effective environmental restoration of these… More

Carbon Monoxide Tolerant Anodes for Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Gerhard L. Holleck
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
41339 November 21, 1996 EIC Laboratories, Inc. Efficient, quiet and pollution free operation makes proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells highly attractive for distributed power and cogeneration systems in the 25 to 250 kW electrical power output… More

SBIR Phase I: Electroplated Iridium Oxide Coatings for Functional Electrical Stimulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Urszula Twardoch
Award Amount: $75,000.00

LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR MICROSPACECRAFTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: K. M. Abraham , Director, Battery Research
Award Amount: $600,000.00

INTEGRAL BIOSENSORS FOR NEUROCHEMICAL MONITORING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rauh, r david
Award Amount: $99,994.00

A Robust Fiber Optic Raman Probe For Low Temperature Planetary Exploration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba , DIRECTOR RAMAN SYSTEMS
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Atomic Oxygen Resistant Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan , HEAD MATERIALS SCIENCE
Award Amount: $69,801.00

High Capacity Anodes For Li Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Zhiping Jiang , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Laser-Based High Optical Density Absorption Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Mr. Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $748,491.00
Abstract:
As lasers become increasingly employed in military applications, demands for improved protective optical filters will escalate. To ensure adequate eye and sensor protection, it will be increasingly important to accurately quantify high optical densities over the area of laser attenuating goggles,… More

Thin Film Conductive Matrices for Electrochemical Biosensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons presents a continuing need for the Army to develop sensors that are "faster, cheaper and better". The requirement is for "multi-agent sensors and detectors providing real-time detection and identification of chemical/biological… More

Dye Sensitized TiO2 Photoelectrochemical Cells with Polymer Electrolytes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Dharmasena Peramunage , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
50548-98-I Dye Sensitized TiO2 Photoelectrochemical Cells with Polymer Electrolytes--EIC Laboratories, Inc., 111 Downey Street, Norwood, MA 02062-2612; (781) 769-9450 Dr. Dharmasena Peramunage, Principal Investigator Dr. A. C. Makrides, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER82567 Amount: … More

HYBRID AI/C ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITOR WITH HIGH ENERGY DENSITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Trung H. Nguyen
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The development of an all-solid-state hybrid A1/C electrochemical capacitor (EC) device incorporating electrodes consisting of high surface area carbon material coated with a film of anodized aluminum metal with dielectric oxide film on the surface and a high conductivity Polypyrole polymer… More

A REAL-TIME PROCESS MONITOR FOR THE GROWTH OF HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
High temperature superconductor (HTS) thin films promise to enhance a wide variety of commercial and defense related applications. In order to provide the necessary performance and reliability, the thin film fabrication process must be tightly controlled to ensure proper composition, uniform,… More

An On-Line Turbine Oil Raman Analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Lubrication breakdown in precise military equipment can have devastating results. To be able to monitor lubricants for breakdown and change these lubricants in a timely fashon, off-line physical properties testing and atomic emission spectroscopy for detection of metals in the oil itself is… More

A REAL-TIME PROCESS MONITOR FOR THE GROWTH OF HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR THIN FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
High temperature superconductor (HTS) thin films promise to enhance a wide variety of commercial and defense related applications. In order to provide the necessary performance and reliability, the thin film fabrication process must be tightly controlled to ensure proper composition, uniform,… More

Variable Emittance Coatings for Satellite Thermal Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The development of thin-film electrochromic coatings for emittance control in the 5-25 um range is proposed. The coatings would be used on satellites and other space structures for modulating radiant heat transfer. They are intended to replace conventional mechanical louvers and provide a new… More

Corrosion Protection Coatings for Aluminum Aircraft Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The development of corrosion protection coatings for aluminum aircraft alloys is proposed. The coatings are based on polyaniline and other conducting polymers that are incorporated into anodized coatings by oxidative electropolymerization during the anodization process. The coatings will have a… More

High Specificity Conducting Polymer CBS Detector Badge

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
As the threat of chemical and biological weapons and terrorism increases, innovative sensors are becoming critical for protection of military and civilian personnel in a variety of situations. To address this threat, we propose to develop mass producible credit-card sized chemical sensors based on… More

Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Optical Limiting Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Optical limiting materials are needed for eye and sensor protection against laser damage. One promising approach for broadband optical limiting in the visible-near infrared band is to employ filters containing reverse saturable absorbents (RSA). Effective RSA materials absorb weakly in the… More

Long Cycle Life, High Energy Density Li-Ion Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

HIGH RESOLUTION UV RESONANCE RAMAN SPECTROGRAPH

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $750,030.00

SBIR PHASE I: Multilayer Electrochromic Films for Enhanced Optical Modulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan
Award Amount: $299,315.00

Electrochromic Thermal Control Container for Payloads

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

A Robust Fiber Optic Raman Probe For Low Temperature Planetary Exploration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Carrabba , DIRECTOR RAMAN SYSTEMS
Award Amount: $598,094.00

SBIR Phase I: Electroplated Iridium Oxide Coatings for Functional Electrical Stimulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Urszula Twardoch
Award Amount: $400,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $749,954.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Dharmasena Peramunage , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $750,000.00

Elastomeric Aircraft Primer with Non-chromate Corrosion Inhibitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available ALTAIR Center proposes to develop an innovative component for all-optical signal processing. The nonlinear component will be capable to operate as all-optical transistor, modulator, sampler and quantizer. It can also be used in new bistable optical device configurations. Two types… More

Highly Ordered Conductive Polymer Coatings for Electrostatic Charge Dissipation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rauh r david
Award Amount: $734,058.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F Cogan
Award Amount: $743,181.00

Iridium Oxide Biosensor Arrays for Multianalyte Bioprocess Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R David Rauh, Vice President
Award Amount: $70,000.00

Raman and SERS Imaging Probe for Extraterrestrial Bioparticle Discovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00

QUANTIFYING ALCOHOLISM WITH RESONANCE RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available Effectiveness of weapons designed to inflict damages to underground targets cannot be assessed in real time without a data link between the penetrating body and a receiver on the surface. To implement a radio link, the radio transmitter output power must be sufficiently large to… More

Flame Retardant Electrolytes for Li-ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available The key barrier to realizing new capabilities in Modeling & Simulation (M&S) is integrating existing M&S assets from such valuable resources such as weapon simulations and mission planning data. In practice, almost 100% of M&S systems are custom software driven by domain and… More

Multicolor Electrochromic Camouflage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available This SBIR project will develop MicroCoating Technologies' novel open atmosphere process to synthesize state-of-the art nano-powders with 50% to 90% processing cost reductions compared to classical techniques. This process will also enable numerous nano-powder compositions that are… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $99,961.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $69,905.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Trung H. Nguyen, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $64,679.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer, Director, Raman Spect.
Award Amount: $69,997.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer, Director, Raman Division
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available The cathode remains the main performance and life limiting component in almost all free electron devices ¿ from cathode ray tubes to traveling wave tubes. But nowhere are these limitations more onerous or costly than in the area of space communications.

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dhamasena Peramunage, Vice President
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dhamasena Peramunage, Vice President
Award Amount: $747,684.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh, Vice President
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: R. David Rauh, Vice President
Award Amount: $600,000.00

Active Momentum Control Coatings for Solar Sails

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan, Head of Materials Science
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
The development of thin-film coatings with an actively tunable solar reflectance is proposed for momentum control on solar sails. As currently conceived, maneuvering and attitude control on solar sail spacecraft is achieved by mechanically adjusting the angle of one or more solar sails or panels… More

A Chemical Sniffer to Detect Nuclear Weapons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Kevin Spencer, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $734,100.00
Abstract:
We will develop a vapor phase detector of the chemicals/explosives associated with nuclear weaponry. Radioactivity detection allows accurate weapons verification, but provides too much information on the weaponry design. An alternative is to detect otherchemicals associated with nuclear weaponry.… More

Wireless Interface Modules for Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Communications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The overall goal of this project will be to develop an automated sampling and chemical analysis system that can be used for detecting trace concentration of explosives in marine environments. Such an analysis system can be integrated into a smallautonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) and employed for… More

Synthesis of Crystalline Hgx Cdl-x I2, a New Material for Room Temperature X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L. Holleck, Director of Battery Development
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
65369 The commercial introduction of electric and hybrid vehicle technologies has been limited by the performance and high cost of power sources and energy storage devices. This project will develop lithium-based batteries with improved performance, extended life, and significantly reduced cost… More

Solid State Thermal Neutron Detectors Based on Boron-doped Amorphous Selenium

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Krishna Mandal, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
Thermal neutrons are among the most useful probes for investigation of the structural, magnetic and acoustic properties of materials. Current methods of thermal neutron detection by large cumbersome gas counters or scintillator-photomultiplier tube combinations are limited by their detection… More

Flexible, Light-Weight, and Solid-State Nanocrystalline TiO2-Polymer Solar Cells on Plastics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Krishna Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase I project proposes to develop flexible, lightweight, highly efficient, and low-cost dye sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 solar cells. The proposed all-polymer and flexible versions of Gr¿tzel cells made by continuous coating and laminationprocess will be very attractive for… More

SBIR Phase I: High-strength, Electrically Disbondable Adhesive for High-volume Manufacturing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Michael Gilbert
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I program will develop a rapid cure, high strength epoxy adhesive that can be disbonded by application of low amperage direct current, is proposed. This adhesive will allow both the rapid assembly and disassembly of manufactured goods. Used as a… More

Organic Solar Cells Using Star Conductive Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF FLORIDA
Principal Investigator: Andrew A. Guzelian, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,998.00
RI Contact: Thomas Walsh
Abstract:
A new class of organic photovoltaics is proposed based on star conducting polymers. These materials will provide superior hole and/or electron transfer properties that determine the ultimate efficiency of the devices. The star polymer architecture employslinear conjugated arms radiating from a… More

Enhanced Accuracy INS/GPS System Utilizing Low-Cost Sensors and Geophysical Models

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, President
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Surfaces which can be actively adjusted to provide color matching with a changing background would be extremely valuable for real time control of surface optical properties required in future Army scenarios. In this regard, electrochromic materials havebeen demonstrated which exhibit deep modulation… More

High-Pulse-Rate IR Source for Improved DIAL Sensitivity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Kevin Spencer, Director, Raman Spectrosc
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The Joint Service Agent Water Monitor (JSAWM) has several challenging operational requirements for detecting and monitoring chemical and biological warfare (CBW) contaminants in water supplies. Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) can providespecific spectroscopic

High-Pulse-Rate IR Source for Improved DIAL Sensitivity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Kevin Spencer, Director, Raman Spectrosc
Award Amount: $729,995.00
Abstract:
The Joint Service Agent Water Monitor (JSAWM) has several challenging operational requirements for detecting and monitoring chemical and biological warfare (CBW) contaminants in water supplies. Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) can providespecific spectroscopic

SURGICAL ADHESIVE FOR JOINING AND HEALING MOIST TISSUE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (Verbatim from the Applicant's Abstract): The development of a biologically based surgical adhesive for sealing or joining wet tissue is proposed. The material will overcome the problems of low-strength adhesion exhibited by currently available gelatin and… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop novel nano-structured solvent free polymer electrolytes for solid state Li-ion batteries. The important characteristics of these electrolytes are that they are of high ionic conductivity and have excellent mechanical… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Silvia Luebben
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop novel nano-structured solvent free polymer electrolytes for solid state Li-ion batteries. The important characteristics of these electrolytes are that they are of high ionic conductivity and have excellent mechanical… More

Autonomous Electrochemical Power Source with Wireless Communication for MEMS Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan, Vice-President
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The development of a battery-based power source for MEMS devices in nano and microsatellites is proposed. The power source combines a thin-film battery and supercapacitor in a configuration suitable for both continuous low power and pulsed powerapplications. The power source will be controlled and… More

Raman Dental Probe for Analysis of Dental Caries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: James A. Janni
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The program objective is to develop and demonstrate Raman spectroscopy in the assessment of Dental health and chemistry. Raman chemical taxonomy in Dentistry has already been applied on prepared samples derived from extracted teeth. While demonstrating the utility of Raman… More

Mass Customization Biomanufacturing Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Michael Gilbert, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,945.00
Abstract:
Spray applied acrylic coatings are proposed as barrier materials for the Air Force MCU-2/P and MBU-19/P gas masks, to provide protection against a broad range of chemical warfare agent (CWA) threats. The MCU-2/P and MBU-19/P are fabricated from siliconeand EPDM rubber, respectively. They afford… More

Ultra-Sensitive Raman Detector:A SERS Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: James Janni, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,995.00
Abstract:
Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for handheld, field analysis of biological health and safety threats requires the development of an advanced, compact Raman spectrometer tailored to SERS. Our proposed efforts will decrease spectrometer size, lowerits power consumption, expand the Raman… More

Theoretical Prediction, Synthesis and Characterization of RSA Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven Pullins, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,955.00
Abstract:
We propose to synthesize and characterize by time resolved spectroscopy RSA compounds that have been structurally modified to maximize the ratio of excited state to ground state absorption cross sections over a broad visible range. The structuralmodifications will be made based on ab initio and… More

Autonomous Solid-Phase Microextraction for Explosives Detection and Identification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $449,999.00
Abstract:
"The overall goal (Phase I and II) of this project is to develop an autonomous sampling and chemical analysis system that can be used for detecting trace concentrations of explosives in marine environments. Such an analysis system can be integrated into asmall autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV)… More

Ultrapurification, Crystal Growth, and Characterization of Rare-Earth Doped KPb2Br5 for Mid-Infared Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
70624 Terbium (Tb3+) doped potassium lead bromide (KPb2Br5) is a new mid-infrared (IR) laser crystal that offers low lattice phonon energy and the possibility of high doping concentrations of Tb3+-ions. Because these ions have large cross sections and excellent energy storage lifetimes, this… More

High-Speed RF Switch for EMI Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan, Vice-President
Award Amount: $69,991.00
Abstract:
"The development of fast-switching coatings and devices for broadband (2-18 GHz) transmission modulation of RF radiation is proposed. The modulation is obtained with intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs) that are switched between microwave transmittingand opaque states by controlling the… More

Optical Limiting with Nanocrystalline Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Andrew A. Guzelian, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $119,992.00
Abstract:
"Broadband visible optical limiting filters will be an essential element for soldier protection in the future battlefield environment. New materials are required that provide protection for the eye for pulses >0.5 mJ, so that the threshold at which theybecome absorbing or scattering through damage… More

Low-Shock Release Mechanism with Structural Function

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,974.00
Abstract:
"The development of a multi-functional system for release or jettisoning of structures on launch vehicles and spacecraft is proposed. The system acts as both a release mechanism and as a structural component of an assembly prior to release. The primaryinnovation is the use of a high-strength… More

Flexible, Light-Weight, and Solid-State Nanocrystalline TiO2-Polymer Solar Cells on Plastics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David R. Rauh, President
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
"EIC laboratories proposes to develop flexible, lightweight, highly efficient and low-cost dye-sensitized nanocrystalline solar cells having an all plastic construction. The proposed all-plastic and flexible versions of Gratzel cells made by continuouscoating and lamination processes will be… More

Flexible, Light-Weight, and Solid-State Nanocrystalline TiO2-Polymer Solar Cells on Plastics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: David R. Rauh, President
Award Amount: $749,999.00
Abstract:
"EIC laboratories proposes to develop flexible, lightweight, highly efficient and low-cost dye-sensitized nanocrystalline solar cells having an all plastic construction. The proposed all-plastic and flexible versions of Gratzel cells made by continuouscoating and lamination processes will be… More

Ultralight Star Polymer Photovoltaics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Krishna Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to demonstrate novel solar cells with very high specific power densities (1000-5000 kW/kg) for generating power in a new generation of ultralight space payloads like the ARISE inflatable antenna. The cells will be based on high charge mobility, processible conjugated… More

Crystal Growth and Characterization of High-Quality Erbium-Doped KPb2Cl5:A Novel Mid-Infrared Laser Material

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
"This Phase 1 project will investigate the crystal growth aspects and optoelectronic characterization of a new ternary alkali lead chloride material, Er-doped KPb2Cl5, which recently showed high promise in mid-infrared (3-4.5 um) laser applications. Inparticular, it has an excellent potential as a… More

ANTIBODY MICROARRAY FOR DETECTION OF TUMOR MARKERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of stable antibody microarrays for the simultaneous detection and quantification of multiple tumor markers in blood, urine and tissue is proposed. The arrays will increase the diagnostic value of tumor markers in cancer diagnosis, assessment of… More

PACING, SENSING AND DEFIBRILLATION ELECTRODE COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of low-polarization coatings for cardiac pacing, sensing and defibrillation electrodes is proposed. The coatings address the needs of the cardiac rhythm management industry in the development of high-impedance, low-polarization pacing electrodes,… More

MULTIPLEX DETECTION OF PROTEINS USING QUANTUM DOTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Savvas C. Makrides
Award Amount: $199,256.00
Abstract:
We will develop semiconductor quantum dot (QD) nanoparticles to be used as probes for multiplex detection of proteins. By varying the diameter of QDs, we will generate probes with tunable emission spanning the spectrum from the infrared to the ultraviolet. Western blots will be prove with primary… More

FLUORESCENCE POLARIZATION ASSAYS USING NANOCRYSTALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Savvas C. Makrides
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our objective is to develop a fluorescence polarization (FP)-based technology platform that will enable a wide variety of biological measurements including homogeneous immunoassays, high-throughput screening assays for drug discovery, multiplex detection of… More

IRIDIUM OXIDE PROTEIN MICROARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $99,976.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the need for the development of stable, economical protein microarrays for massive parallel screening of protein interactions. Such arrays will be invaluable in determination of protein expression levels, disease diagnosis, drug discovery, and screening the millions of… More

MODEL FOR ELECTRODE TESTING AND REDUCED ANIMAL USE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of in vitro models that provide useful, cost-effective tools for assessing long-term electrochemical function of chronically implanted electrodes is proposed. The in vitro models will provide an alternative to animal models for developing… More

MODEL FOR ELECTRODE TESTING AND REDUCED ANIMAL USE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $739,479.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of in vitro models that provide useful, cost-effective tools for assessing long-term electrochemical function of chronically implanted electrodes is proposed. The in vitro models will provide an alternative to animal models for developing… More

ELECTRODEPOSITED NOBLE METAL OXIDE NEURAL ELECTRODES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The development of electrodeposited noble metal oxides as low-impedance, high-charge injection coatings for neural recording and stimulating electrodes is proposed. The coatings are based on iridium and ruthenium oxides. The objective is to develop electrodeposition processes suitable for coating a… More

Organic Solar Cells Using Star Conductive Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF FLORIDA
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $500,000.00
RI Contact: Brian Prindle
Abstract:
Continued research and development on anew class of organic photovoltaics is proposed based on star conducting polymers. These materials will provide superior processibility and transport properties that determine the ultimate efficiency of the devices.The star polymer architecture employs linear… More

Ultra-Sensitive Raman Detector: A SERS Spectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Kevin Spencer, Director, Spectroscopy Di
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS), a Raman technique that detects enhanced signals from analytes adsorbed to roughened metals, is promising as a trace analyte detector, with reports of single molecule detection. Since SERS directly measureschemical bonding structure, potential for false… More

Theoretical Prediction, Synthesis and Characterization of RSA materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. Rauh, President
Award Amount: $729,999.00
Abstract:
We propose to synthesize and characterize by time resolved spectroscopy RSA compounds that have been structurally modified to maximize the ratio of excited state to ground state absorption cross sections over a broad visible range. The structuralmodifications will be made based on ab initio and… More

Optical Limiting with Nanocrystalline Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Steven Pullins, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,999.00
Abstract:
Broadband visible optical limiting filters will be an essential element for soldier protection in the future battlefield environment. New materials are required that provide protection for the eye for pulses >0.5 mJ. We propose to use suspensions ofunaggregated absorbing nanoparticles for optical… More

Nonflammable Lithium-ion Battery Electrolytes For Extended Operational Temperature Ranges

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L. Holleck, Director, Battery Develop
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This SBIR project has the goal of developing a technology for the fabrication of advanced Li -ion batteries with increased safety capable to operate over an extended temperature range. Most state of the art batteries contain electrolytes with very volatilesolvents of extreme flammability and their… More

Nanostructured Substrates for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: CLEMSON UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Jane Bertone, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,997.00
RI Contact: Lynn R. Kunkle
Abstract:
The proposed program aims to demonstrate nanoengineered metal surfaces which will reproducibly enhance the Raman scattering of chemical and biological agents while still providing selective detection at trace concentrations. With proven success infielding SERS systems and published results in… More

Solid-State Thermal-Neutron Detector Based on Boron-Doped a-Se Stabilized Alloy Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
72122S03-I For the investigation of structural, magnetic, and acoustic properties of materials, thermal neutrons have been proved to be the most useful probes. However, currently available thermal neutron detectors, based on large gas counters or scintillator-photomultiplier tubes, have… More

Electrochromic Textiles Using Star Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,995.00
Abstract:
The goal of this program is to develop a fully printable multicolor electrochromic textile technology. The technology would be used to modify a range of textile surfaces to render them optically switchable in the visible and even infrared spectral regions,with continuous gray scale tunability. The… More

Neurotoxic/Cytotoxin Detection in Water Supplies During Sample Collection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
There has been an alarming increase in toxic cyanobacteria during the past 2 decades, with numerous poisonings reported from Australia to the United States. The increased toxic risks led the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to include cyanotoxins on the 1998 Contaminant Candidate List. … More

SBIR Phase I: Star Polymer Micelles as Targeted Drug Delivery System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a novel nanostructured polymer micelle system for targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs. A star structural polymer will be synthesized for use as the drug delivery vehicle. The star polymer will … More

Lithium-Air Polymer Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gerhard Holleck, Director Battery Developm
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The Li-Air polymer cells offer the potential of an extremely high energy density system with a specific energy in the 500-1000 Wh/kg range and an energy density of ~1000 Wh/l. Cell performance is determined mainly by the cathode, which controls thecapacity and to a large degree also cell… More

Nanostructured Lithium-Single-Ion Polymer Electrolytes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Sr. Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Polymer electrolyte Li-ion cells are highly attractive. They permit spill-proof, lightweight battery packaging that can readily adapt to irregular spaces. The power obtainable from state of the art polymer cells is limited by low electrolyte conductivityand concentration polarization. It is proposed… More

Electrically Conductive Thermal Control Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Trung Nguyen, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
The electrical conductivity of anodized aluminum thermal control coating will be enhanced by deposition of an electronically conductive metal oxide within the anodic oxide pores. The electrical charge that might otherwise accumulate on its surface in the ambient space plasma will leak off through… More

STAR POLYMER UNIMOLECULAR MICELLES FOR DRUG DELIVERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The continued development of a novel drug delivery vehicle for pharmacological treatment of tumors is proposed. The vehicle is a star structured polymer having lipophilic and hydrophilic segments to promote both encapsulation of poorly soluble drugs and… More

STAR POLYMER UNIMOLECULAR MICELLES FOR DRUG DELIVERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $748,906.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The continued development of a novel drug delivery vehicle for pharmacological treatment of tumors is proposed. The vehicle is a star structured polymer having lipophilic and hydrophilic segments to promote both encapsulation of poorly soluble drugs and… More

Solid-State Thermal Neutron Detector Based on Boron-Doped a-Se Stabilized Alloy Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Dr.
Award Amount: $749,893.00

ANTIBODY MICROARRAY FOR DETECTION OF TUMOR MARKERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $749,985.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this Phase II program is the development of immunosensing microelectrode arrays for use in the screening of multiple tumor markers in blood, urine and tissue samples. The arrays are designed so that they perform electrochemical simultaneous… More

Electrodeposited Noble Metal Oxide Nerve Electrodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $1,099,008.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of electrodeposited iridium oxide films (EIROFs) as low impedance, high-capacity charge-injection coatings for neural recording and stimulation electrodes is proposed. In Phase I, the biocompatibility of EIROF coatings on metal shafts implanted… More

High Efficiency Space Qualified Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
In this program, EIC proposes to develop ultralight space qualified "dye sensitized" solar cells (DSSCs) that will have even higher specific power as well as potentially being much less expensive to manufacture than the inorganic thin film alternatives. The cells will have a novel design and will… More

High Mobility Stable Crosslinked Conductive Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,954.00
RI Contact: Brian Prindle
Abstract:
In this STTR program, EIC Laboratories is teaming with the University of Florida (Prof. John Reynolds group) to design a new class of charge-transporting electronic polymers that exhibit a high degree of organization, leading to high charge mobilities. Furthermore, the structures will be highly… More

Solid-State Electrolyte for High Pulse-Power Energy Sources

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Gerhard L. Holleck, Director of Battery Development
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Lithium-ion batteries are the state of the art choice for military and commercial applications requiring high specific energy. Solid state polymer electrolyte configurations are particularly attractive since they permit a high degree of flexibility in design. The main limitations are operation at… More

Nanoporous Metallic Structures for Concentrating Hazardous Vapors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Jane F. Bertone, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,999.00
RI Contact: Jonah Erlebacher
Abstract:
Air toxins, whether industrial by products or terrorist releases, must be rapidly and accurately detected. The trace concentrations (generally ppb) that must be detected usually require sensitive analytical laboratory equipment. However, rapid and continuous field monitoring is preferable. To… More

Lithium-Air Battery Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
The Li-air polymer battery offers the potential of extremely high specific energy of greater than 500 Wh/kg. Cell performance is determined primarily by the cathode, which controls the capacity and to a large degree also cell polarization. Therefore, the development and characterization of improved,… More

Multijunction Ultralight Solar Cells and Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,999.00
RI Contact: Diego R. Vazquez
Abstract:
There is a continuing need within NASA for solar cells and arrays with very high specific power densities (1000-5000 kW/kg) for generating power in a new generation of ultralight space payloads. An emerging technology with promise to meet these ambitious goals are solar cells based on very thin… More

Rapid Immunoassays for Detecting Pathogenic Bacteria

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $272,805.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of a hand-held electrochemical immunoassay system for the simultaneous detection of multiple pathogenic bacteria in environmental samples is proposed. The system addresses the need for portable, sensitive, quantitative devices for use by… More

NEUTRON DETECTORS FOR MACROMOLECULAR CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Structure-aided drug design requires state-of-the-art crystallography to understand the relationship of protein structure to its function in disease causing organism to lead the way in designing novel effective drugs without any side effects. Neutron diffraction… More

Structural Composites with Intrinsic Multifunctionality

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
Development of a multifunctional, structural material for applications in terrestrial and space-based platforms used for instrumentation in earth observation is proposed. The principal innovation is the development of an epoxy-based thermoset that undergoes a phase separation reaction during cure to… More

Nanocrystal Labels for Multiplex Assays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Savvas C. Makrides, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
76135-The DOE¿s Genomes to Life program has identified a need to develop new reporting labels for the multiplex detection of biomolecules. The existing organic dyes that are used to label affinity agents have several limitations: narrow absorption bands, which makes it difficult to excite several… More

Functionalized Coatings for Enhanced Neural Interfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $191,455.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of a biologically active polymer coating that promotes the formation of a functionally enhanced and chronically stable nerve-electrode interface for recording and stimulation electrodes used in the central nervous system is proposed. The polymer… More

Onboard PCB Detection using a Portable Raman Analyzer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer, Director, Spectroscopy Di
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Contractors dismantling ships must ensure personnel are not at risk and no regulated material release occurs. The contractor is unlikely to have preexisting knowledge of toxins; therefore continuous materials analysis is part of the dismantling operation. For example, polychlorinated biphenyl… More

On-Demand Release, Structural Adhesives for Rapid Assembly/Disassembly in Shipbuilding Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Advanced high-strength epoxy adhesives are proposed for ship building operations. These adhesives possess the remarkable ability of rapidly releasing when treated with a low power current (d.c.). The adhesives can be used to make temporary high strength attachments to both metal and composite… More

Fire-resistant, Spray-on Elastomers for Blast Protection Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The development of spray-on, fire-resistant coatings to minimize blast damage and contain fragmentation products from accidental or deliberate shipboard explosions is proposed. The coatings are based on elastomeric polymers containing toughening and fire-retardant additives. In Phase I, several… More

Pacing, Sensing and Defibrillation Electrode Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $1,104,410.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of low polarization electrode coatings for cardiac pacing, sensing and defibrillation is proposed. These coatings address the needs of the cardiac rhythm management (CRM) industry in the development of low-polarization pacing, low impedance… More

High Mobility Stable Crosslinked Conductive Polymers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF FLORIDA
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,998.00
RI Contact: Brian Prindle
Abstract:
In this STTR program, EIC Laboratories is teaming with the University of Florida (Prof. John Reynolds group) to design a new class of charge-transporting electronic polymers that exhibit a high degree of organization, leading to high charge mobilities. Furthermore, the structures will be highly… More

Electrically Releasable Adhesives for Facilitated Recycling of Manufactured Products

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
79173S In assembly and manufacturing operations, adheshive bonding is one of the most energy efficient methods for joining. However, despite its many advantatages, this technique is limited because no effective method exists for disassembling adhesively bonded structures and appliances. This not… More

Multijunction Ultralight Solar Cells and Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal
Award Amount: $592,892.00
RI Contact: Brian Prindle
Abstract:
There is a continuing need within NASA for solar cells and arrays with very high specific power densities (1000-5000 kW/kg) for generating power in a new generation of ultralight space payloads. An emerging technology with promise to meet these ambitious goals are solar cells based on very thin… More

A Fiber Optic Multipass Raman Probe and Instrumentation for Monitoring Flammable Gases in High Level Waste Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,974.00
Abstract:
79578S The Department of Energy (DOE) has 280 underground tanks used to process and store over 90 million gallons of high-level radioactive chemical waste. The conditions in the tanks are conducive to the formation of flammable gases such as hydrogen, ammonia, and methane, as well as fire… More

Structural Composites with Intrinsic Multifunctionality

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert
Award Amount: $599,998.00
Abstract:
Development of multifunctional, structural materials for applications in terrestrial and space-based platforms is proposed. The principle innovation is the development of an epoxy-based thermoset that undergoes a phase separation reaction during cure to form interpenetrating networks (IPN) of a… More

High Performance Rechargeable Li-ion Conformal Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Trung H. Nguyen, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $119,994.00
Abstract:
Battery power is rapidly becoming a major factor in military planning because of the growing power-consuming hi-tech system carried by the soldier on the battlefield. Unless new high-energy power source is developed, they will create a logistics and tactical burden for the soldier. EIC proposes to… More

Rapid Quantitative Point-of-Care Cardiac Marker Test

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $150,397.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of a portable, rapid and quantitative point-of-care (POC) system for the evaluation of patients with potential acute coronary syndromes (ACS) is proposed. The system will be used to rapidly triage patients with chest pains by measuring multiple… More

Semiconductor Nanocrystals for Biomedical Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $199,889.00
Abstract:
The principal objective in Phase I is to demonstrate methodologies for the stabilization and functionalization of luminescent nanoparticles (quantum dots, QDs) to be used in cellular imaging. This will be achieved by encapsulating QDs in two different types of water-soluble polymer delivery… More

Innovative Armor Fastening Technology (s) for Tactical Vehicles of the Current and the Future Force

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,981.00
Abstract:
Electrically releasing adhesives are proposed as innovative fasteners for attaching modular armor to military vehicles. Bonds formed with these adhesives will provide durable, high strength (>2000 psi shear), mechanically robust attachments, that can be rapidly released, on-demand by the… More

Rapid determination of complement activation in the battlefield

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop an antibody microarray to facilitate the rapid evaluation of complement activation in injured personnel in the battlefield. Soldiers in the battlefield may sustain multiple types of injury, including trauma, hemorrhage, shock, ischemia, burn, and exposure… More

Rapid determination of complement activation in the battlefield

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,981.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop a portable biosensor system to facilitate the rapid evaluation of complement activation in injured personnel. Traumatic blood loss and tissue damage resulting from civilian or battlefield trauma leads to complement activation that, if left untreated,… More

Nanoparticle-Dendrimer Composite Ultralight Photovoltaics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: David Rauh
Award Amount: $69,881.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop flexible solid state polymer-based solar cells that have a power density >1000 W/kg and > 5 year life in the space environment. The specific approach that we will employ it to make intimate organic-inorganic nanocomposites of polymeric electron donors and low-percolating… More

Rapid determination of complement activation in the battlefield

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to develop a portable biosensor system to facilitate the rapid evaluation of complement activation in injured personnel. Traumatic blood loss and tissue damage resulting from civilian or battlefield trauma leads to complement activation that, if left untreated,… More

A Fiber Optic Multipass Raman Probe and Instrumentation for Monitoring Flammable Gases in High Level Waste Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Job M. Bello, Dr.
Award Amount: $749,931.00
Abstract:
The Department of Energy (DOE) has 280 underground tanks used to process and store over 90 million gallons of high-level radioactive chemical waste. The conditions in the tanks are conducive to the formation of flammable gases such as hydrogen, ammonia, and methane, as well as fire accelerants… More

High Performance Rechargeable Li-ion Conformal Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Trung Hung Nguyen, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,982.00
Abstract:
The development of a new generation of flexible and conformal power sources is critically needed to achieve the goals of a man-portable power source for the Objective Force Warrior. EIC proposes to develop and deliver a safe and flexible rechargeable Li-ion smart battery with a specific weight and… More

Functionalized Coatings for Enhanced Neural Interfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $1,178,883.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of a biologically active coating for electrodes used in recording and stimulation of the nervous system is proposed. The coating is based on a co-polymer of poly(ethylene glycol)/polylactic acid (PEG-PLA) that contains a neurotrophic factor as a… More

Lithium-ion Energy Storage at Very Low Temperatures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,995.00
Abstract:
Li-ion batteries with specific energy >180 Wh/kg, calendar life (>15years), and a wide operating temperature range (-60oC to 60oC) are crucial for the deployment of exploration vehicles such as rovers, landers, and penetraters as well as for low temperature burst power communication. The… More

Explosives Detection in Residential Building Ventilation Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jane Bertone, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,997.00
Abstract:
One approach to locating illicit bomb factories in Iraq and Afghanistan is analytical monitoring within the ventilation systems of suspect residential buildings. We are proposing a multiple sensor analyzer that sequentially interrogates individual vents or ducts in such buildings and produces… More

Constant-Energy Synchronous Probe for Surface Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
During the next decade, NASA intends to send robotic exploration missions to Mars and other planets. Missions are planned to obtain samples from Mars and return them to earth for studies and to other planets to gather evidence for the existence of life. An important goal of NASA in these missions… More

Nanofluidic Stochastic Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: R. Rauh, President
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
Our aim is to develop a nanofluidic-based sensor and instrument platform which will provide direct detection and quantification of analytes approaching molecular concentrations. We anticipate that the method will enable rapid detection and identification of presence or exposure to chemical and… More

Long-lived Power Source with Pulsed Current Capability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
The development of a battery-based power source for active anti-tamper technology is proposed. The battery will provide both primary power for tamper-detection sensors and secondary, latent power for tamper response. A hierarchical approach is proposed in which the battery is the core element… More

Repair Coating Containing Nanoparticle Fillers for Transparent Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Recently, in environments such as Iraq and Afghanistan, sand-induced damage has becomes a serious issue. Solders have found that abraded and scratched surfaces significantly degrade optical clarity and the usefulness of the transparent armors. To repair the damaged armors, a convenient, low cost,… More

Improving the Performance of Lithium Ion Batteries at Low Temperature

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Trung H. Nguyen, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
Li-ion batteries are considered promising candidates for electric vehicles (EV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). At the present time, commercially available HEVs use nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries ¿ which are expensive and heavy, and have limited power and energy ¿ features critical to… More

Reagentless Immunosensors Based on Biofunctionalized Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Research Institution: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Principal Investigator: R. D. Rauh
Award Amount: $459,743.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our aim is to develop an inexpensive and portable nanotechnology-based immunosensor and instrument platform for rapid detection of presence or exposure to bioterror agents in air, water, contaminated surfaces, forensic samples, food and body fluids through… More

Conductive Polymer Recording and Stimulation Electrodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $230,997.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The development of coatings for enhancing the recording and stimulation capabilities of electrodes used in neural prostheses and electrical stimulation based therapies is proposed. The coatings are based on conducting polymers that we have recently found support… More

BRANCHED COPOLYMER AS PEPTIDE DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang
Award Amount: $125,902.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This SBIR Phase I project will develop a novel branched copolymer as a peptide drug delivery carrier for pharmacological application. The carrier is a highly-structured copolymer that can form micelle-like structures with the peptide drug in aqueous media. The… More

Anisotropic Semiconductor Crystals for Terahertz Frequencies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
Terahertz (THz) technology shows great promise for threat detection and imaging of concealed weapons, explosives, mail and packaging materials, chemical and biological agents, luggage at airport security checkpoints, and medical diagnostics. THz frequencies however have not been fully and… More

Atomic Oxygen Resistant Conductive (POSS) Kapton Polyimides.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan, VP & Head of Materials Science
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
The development of electrically conductive co-polymers of Kapton and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS-Kapton) are proposed. The electrically conductive constituents are dispersed on a nano-scale throughout the POSS-Kapton and preserve electrical conductivity under oxidizing conditions. The… More

Oxygen Permeable Membrane for Lithium Air Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,990.00
Abstract:
The development of a gas permeable membrane with an O2 permeability coefficient (Dk) of > 2000 Barrers and carbonate permeability coefficient of 500 Wh/kg. The membrane could also be useful in hydrogen-oxygen fuel cells, metal-air battery cells and oxygen sensing devices. The principal Phase I… More

Nanocomposite polymer dielectric film with very high dielectric strength

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Trung H. Nguyen, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
Our goal is to develop nanocomposite dielectric films of SiO2 nanoparticles homogeneously dispersed in polymer matrices to produce thin uniform dielectric films for metal-film capacitors. These films will be pinhole free and are targeted to have an extremely high dielectric breakdown voltage of up… More

Heat Stable Nanoparticle Amplified Immunoassays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,972.00
Abstract:
The theater of operation for DoD immunoassays typically requires them to be sensitive, stable at temperatures up to 35 oC for up to two years, and be low power or power-free. Although enzyme-based assays are very sensitive, enzymes are usually unstable under such storage conditions. We propose a new… More

Manufacturing Process for Application of Selectively Permeable Coatings to Textiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Michael D. Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Novel procedures will be developed for fabrication of sulfonated poly(styrene-b-isobutylene-b-styrene) block copolymer coated fabrics. These ionomeric coatings provide barrier protection against a wide range of solvents and organic chemicals including chemical warfare agents (CWA), while allowing a… More

Improved CZT Detectors by Unique Surface Treatments and Innovative Contacts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
CZT (Cd0.9Zn0.1Te) gamma radiation detectors are presently the best candidates for room temperature operation, in order to identify radiological isotopes in materials for military, medical, and commercial applications. Presently, the typical energy resolution of CZT detectors is on the order of 2%,… More

Anisotropic Semiconductor Crystals for Terahertz Frequencies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Krishna C. Mandal, Dir., Solid State Sensors
Award Amount: $749,997.00
Abstract:
Terahertz (THz) technology shows great promise for threat detection and imaging of concealed weapons, explosives, chemical and biological agents, luggage at airport security checkpoints, and medical diagnostics. THz frequencies however have not been fully and successfully utilized because of a lack… More

Long-lived Power Source with Pulsed Current Capability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,929.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is the development of an anti-tamper battery that is capable of detecting a tamper event and then providing high-current, pulsed-power to initiate a response to the intrusion. The battery will incorporate features that confound efforts to defeat the tamper response by… More

Rapid Pesticide Exposure Analysis Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $599,200.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant) An inexpensive disposable sensing element that is worn as a vapor exposure monitor or used for urinalysis is proposed for real-time monitoring of pesticide exposure. This sensor, coupled to a battery operated read er, is a direct need for the NIH Exposure… More

SBIR PHASE I : AN ARRAY BIOSENSOR FOR MUTIANALYTE TUMOR MARKER MEASUREMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Wilson Michael
Award Amount: $149,996.00

Optical Downconverting Nanomaterials for Enhanced Photovoltaic Efficiency

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Arizona Board of Regents, University of Arizona
Principal Investigator: Jane Bertone, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,993.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
For photovoltaic cells used to power space missions, such as those based on silicon, CuInGaSe2, and III-V materials, optical-to-electrical conversion efficiency is reduced by at least 25% because the energy of solar photons in excess of the band gap of the semiconductor absorber is lost. The excess… More

Security Monitoring Using Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Clean drinking water is a critical component of the United States infrastructure and is therefore a potential target for terrorists. In addition to physical attacks to the water network including dams, pumping stations and pipelines, there must be vigilance to prevent the water itself from being… More

Explosives Detection in Residential Building Ventilation Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Jane Bertone, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $374,997.00
Abstract:
One approach to locating bombs is analytical monitoring with portable spectroscopy systems. Such a technique needs to work in adverse environments, be amenable to use by field operators, and, given the sensitive nature of the target materials, should have an extremely rapid response time with no… More

Repair Coating Containing Nanoparticle Fillers for Transparent Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,968.00
Abstract:
Recently, in environments such as Iraq and Afghanistan, sand-induced damage has becomes a serious issue. Solders have found that abraded and scratched surfaces significantly degrade optical clarity and the usefulness of the transparent armors. To repair the damaged armors, a convenient, low cost,… More

Functionalized Star Polymer Nanoparticles for Controlled Drug Delivery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $149,961.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This SBIR Phase I project will develop novel polymers as a drug delivery carrier for pharmacological applications. The carrier is a highly-structured copolymer that can form micelle-like structures with the drug in aque ous media. The polymer/drug micelle… More

Wavelength Shifting Doped Core-Shell Nanocrystals for Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Jane Bertone, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Cost-effective concepts that can be added or retrofitted to existing solar cells are needed to enhance their energy conversion efficiencies. One suggestion involves optical down-conversion with photon multiplication (¿quantum cutting¿), which, in theory, can provide an increase in the… More

Water Security Monitoring Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer, Director, Spectroscopy Division
Award Amount: $344,977.00
Abstract:
Clean drinking water is a critical component of the United States infrastructure and is therefore a potential target for terrorists. In addition to physical attacks to the water network, like dams, pumping stations and pipelines, there must be vigilance to prevent the water itself from being fouled… More

An Integrated In Situ Raman and Turbidity Sensor for High Level Waste Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Dr
Award Amount: $99,988.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
Stored nuclear waste must be retrieved from storage, treated, separated into low- and high-level waste streams, and finally put into a disposal form that effectively encapsulates the waste and isolates it from the environment for a long period of time. However, before the waste can be retrieved,… More

Nanoshell Encapsulated Li-ion Battery Anodes for Long Cycle Life

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
A new high capacity rechargeable Li battery anode based on Li metal alloys protected by carbon nanoshells will be developed. A reversible Li-ion capacity exceeding 600 mAh/g or nearly twice that obtainable with graphite anodes is expected. Coupled with our advanced polymer electrolyte and high… More

Manufacturing Process for Application of Selectively Permeable Coatings to Textiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Michael Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $729,995.00
Abstract:
Permselective coatings are proposed for fabrics used in the construction of protective garments for use in chemically contaminated environments. These coatings comprise sulfonated poly(styrene-block-isobutylene-block-styrene) block copolymer applied to the fabric from solution. The coating will… More

Flexible High-Barrier Polymers for Food Packaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,970.00
Abstract:
The development of a polymer laminate with water and oxygen barrier properties suitable for food packaging and preservation on 3-5 year manned space exploration missions is proposed. The laminate is a multilayer structure comprising polymer and inorganic dielectrics that will provide near-hermetic… More

Polyolefin-Nanocrystal Composites for Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Jane F. Bertone, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,976.00
Abstract:
EIC Laboratories Inc. is proposing a lightweight multifunctional polymer/nanoparticle composite for radiation shielding during long-duration lunar missions. Isolated nanoparticles homogeneously dispersed throughout the polymer reinforce polymer matrices relative to conventional powder dispersion. … More

Immunoassay Nanocatalysts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael S. Wilson
Award Amount: $198,889.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our aim is to develop a nanotechnology-based biological immunoassay platform that precludes the use of labile enzymes as amplifying labels. Enzyme-labeled antibodies have several well-known limitations. They typically r equire cold storage or they will lose their… More

Wireless Multichannel Electrocorticogram Recording for Epilepsy Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $210,130.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Surgical resection of epileptogenic foci is a commonly practiced and often beneficial treatment for patients suffering debilitating seizures arising from otherwise intractable epilepsy. The success of this procedure dep ends on the ability of the medical team to… More

Innovative Lithium Passivation for Improved Li-battery Functionality

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Principal Research Scient
Award Amount: $99,988.00
Abstract:
EIC Laboratories proposes to develop thin, robust passivation layers that permit the use of di-lithium-phthalocyanine (Li2Pc) superionic conductors as the ionic separator in a lithium battery. These passivation layers will establish a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) that is chemically and… More

Fiber Optically Coupled Raman Telescope for the In Situ Standoff Characterization of Residual Wastes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
Stored nuclear waste must be retrieved from storage tanks, treated, separated into low- and high-level waste streams, and finally put into a disposal form that effectively encapsulates the waste and isolates it from the environment for a long period of time. However, not all of the waste is… More

Flameproof Additives for Automotive Li Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Trung Nguyen, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,926.00
Abstract:
When lithium-ion cells are exposed to high temperatures, overcharge, over discharge, or short circuits, the extreme conditions not only could cause cell failure but also could lead to fires or even explosions. Such possibilities have led to serious concerns about the use of this type of battery in… More

An Integrated In Situ Raman and Turbidity Sensor for High Level Waste Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Dr
Award Amount: $749,967.00
RI Contact: Rolando Lara
Abstract:
Stored nuclear waste must be retrieved from storage, treated, separated into low- and high-level waste streams, and finally put into a disposal form that effectively encapsulates the waste and isolates it from the environment for a long period of time. Before waste retrieval can be done, however,… More

Tools for Modeling & Simulation of Molecular and Nanomaterials for Optically Responsive Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: The Pennsylvania State University
Principal Investigator: David Rauh, President
Award Amount: $99,918.00
RI Contact: Lynn Mitchell
Abstract:
The effective de novo prediction of linear and nonlinear optical properties of materials would be a great resource for developers of military and commercial optical devices. Of particular military interest are multiphoton processes that can be optimized for laser protection as well as for improving… More

A Melamine Field Sensor for Surety Control of Dairy Products

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $90,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An inexpensive disposable sensing element that can detect melamine contamination in dairy products and serve as an on-site quality control monitor is proposed. This sensor, coupled to a battery operated reader, will serve a specific surety control needed in the… More

Rapid Pesticide Exposure Analysis Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kevin M. Spencer
Award Amount: $1,312,891.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Chemicals, biological materials and particulates are continuously released into the atmosphere and water supply. Major spills are obvious and are immediately remediated. What is unknown is how many sub ppm contamination s the public is inundated with on a daily… More

A Compact, Dual Excitation Raman Probe and Instrument for the Identification of Lunar Samples

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,942.00
Abstract:
NASA's Vision for Space Exploration advocates a return to the moon and involves a plan of using the moon as a base of for missions to other planets. Early return missions to the moon will involve lunar exploration with robotic spacecrafts with instrumental payloads for scientific measurements of… More

Mesoporous Silicon-Based Anodes for High Capacity, High Performance Li-ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dharmasena Peramunage, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
A new high capacity anode composite based on mesoporous silicon is proposed. By virtue of a structure that resembles a pseudo one-dimensional phase, the active anode material will be able to accommodate significant volume changes expected upon alloying and de-alloying with lithium. The mesoporosity… More

NANOPARTICLE-AMPLIFIED MULTIPLEXED SENSOR FOR EARLY CANCER DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Michael Wilson – (781) 769-9450
Award Amount: $149,897.00
Abstract:
The measurement of panels of biomarkers has promise for increased diagnostic value in cancer detection and treatment compared to the measurement of single markers. Furthermore, to increase their effectiveness in the early detection of cancer, where the markers may have very low concentrations, or… More

Multi-electrode Arrays with Non-hermetic Encapsulation for Neural Prostheses

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan
Award Amount: $179,744.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Neural prostheses presently in commercial use employ foil and wire electrodes connected to implantable pulse generators (IPGs) housed in hermetically sealed titanium cans. Each electrode is individually connected to the IPG by insulated multistrand wire… More

Flexible High-Barrier Polymers for Food Packaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stuart Cogan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,999.00
Abstract:
The development of a polymer laminate with water and oxygen barrier properties suitable for food packaging and preservation on 3-5 year manned space exploration missions is proposed. The laminate is a multilayer structure comprising polymer and inorganic dielectrics that will provide near-hermetic… More

A Facile Method for the Large-Scale Production of Metal-coated Graphite Microfibers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Michael Wilson, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,975.00
Abstract:
Theoretical computations have proven that metal coatings will increase the IR attenuation of graphite fibers. We propose a novel highly conformal and scalable process for metallizing carbon fibers in bulk with optimal IR obscurant dimensions. The metal coating will provide complete coverage of the… More

Intrinsically Damping Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael Gilbert, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $69,980.00
Abstract:
Nanostructured epoxies are proposed as matrices for intrinsically damping glass fiber reinforced composites. Comprising blends of standard epoxy resins modified by addition of liquid thermoplastic polymers and complex anion electrolytes, these materials self-structure during cure to form… More

Fiber Optically Coupled Raman Telescope for the In Situ Standoff Characterization of Residual Wastes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Job Bello, Dr.
Award Amount: $999,990.00
Abstract:
Stored nuclear waste must be retrieved from storage, treated, separated into low-and high-level waste streams, and finally put into a disposal form that effectively encapsulates the waste and isolates it from the environment for a long period of time. Not all of the waste, however, is effectively… More

Low Cost and Highly Selective Composite Membrane for Redox Flow Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Fei Wang, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,985.00
Abstract:
Redox flow batteries (RFB) hold great promise for large scale electrochemical energy storage that will be required for intermittent renewable energy sources like solar or wind. A critical component of RFB is the separator which separates anode and cathode compartments. Currently, this is primarily… More

Cell-based Model for Electrical Stimulation Safety Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan – 781-769-9450
Award Amount: $280,846.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cell-based Model for Electrical Stimulation Safety Studies The development of an in vitro, cell-based model to evaluate the effects of electrical stimulation on central nervous system (CNS) cells is proposed. Themodel would be used to establish likely… More

On-Site Multiplexed GMO Detector to Facilitate Traceability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sheryl Kane – 781-769-9450
Award Amount: $149,997.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Genetically modified (GM) crops and other foods are widely used because of their increased productivity, improved nutrition, reduced use of agriculture chemicals, and other benefits. Their use is controversial, however,due to the unknown health risks, as well as… More

Wireless ECoG Recording for Epilepsy Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Stuart F. Cogan – 781-769-9450
Award Amount: $1,950,777.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Surgical resection of epileptogenic foci is a commonly practiced and often beneficial treatment for patients suffering debilitating seizures arising from otherwise intractable epilepsy. The success of this procedure depends on the ability of the medical team to… More