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NON-PRECIOUS METAL CATALYSTS FOR PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS BY ION…

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
27119
Program Year/Program:
1994 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
27119
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
ElectroChem, Inc.
400 W CUMMINGS PARK STE 5600 WOBURN, MA 01801-1651
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Woman-Owned: Yes
Minority-Owned: Yes
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1994
Title: NON-PRECIOUS METAL CATALYSTS FOR PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS BY ION BEAM SYNTHESIS
Agency: DOE
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $75,000.00
 

Abstract:

ONE OF THE CHALLENGES FACING THE COMMERCIALIZATION OF PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE (PEM) FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY INVOLVES THE REDUCTION OF COST, SPECIFICALLY THAT OF THE ELECTROCATALYST. THE SEARCH CONTINUES FOR NON-NOBLE METAL CATALYSTS WHICH ARE LOWER IN COST AND EXHIBIT EQUIVALENT OR BETTER PERFORMANCE. PEM FUEL CELLS FOR TRANSPORTATION POWER SOURCES HAVE ADDITIONAL BENEFITS IF THEY HAVE A CAPABILITY TO OPERATE EFFICIENTLY ON FUELS DERIVED FROM METHANOL. THIS REQUIRES THAT THE ANODES HAVE A TOLERANCE TO IMPURITIES WITHOUT POISONING THE CATALYST. IN PREVIOUS WORK CARBON MATERIALS WHICH WERE SURFACE ACTIVATED WITH NITROGEN WERE FOUND TO HAVE SIGNIFICANT CATALYTIC ACTIVITY FOR PHOSPHORIC ACID CATHODES. FURTHERMORE, TRANSITION METALS WERE DEPOSITED ON CARBON SUPPORTS AS WELL. THE PROCEDURE WAS BASED ON ION IMPLANTATION. THIS PHASE I PROJECT WILL PREPARE BOTH ANODE AND CATHODE CATALYSTS, EVALUATE THEM IN PEM CELLS FOR THEIR CATALYTIC ACTIVITY AND THEIR TOLERANCE TO CONTAMINATION CONTAINED IN METHANOL AND METHANOL REFORMATE, AND COMPARE THEM TO PLATINUM CATALYSTS. HIGHER CATHODE CATALYTIC ACTIVITY WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED BY THE USE OF AN ELECTRON CYCLOTRON RESONANCE ION BEAM SOURCE TO CREATE HIGHER CHARGE STATE IONS TO INCREASE THE REACTION RATE IN PREPARING THE CATALYST SURFACE. ANODE CATALYSTS WILL BE PREPARED BY NOVEL AND PROPRIETARY METHODS TO CATALYZE CARBON SUPPORTS WITH TRANSITION METALS.

Principal Investigator:

Mr Calvin L Bushnell
6179323383

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Electrochem Inc.
400 W Cummings Pk Woburn, MA 01801

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No