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Company Information:

Company Name: GENERAL SCIENCES, INC.
City: Souderton
State: PA
Zip+4: 18964
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Website URL: N/A
Phone: (215) 723-8588

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $4,482,735.00 58
SBIR Phase II $14,030,514.00 23

Award List:

NUCLEAR EFFECTS SIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $79,301.00

THE USE OF HIGHLY EXOTHERMIC SELF PROPAGATING INTERMETALLIC REACTIONS IN PROPOSED TO BOND TOGETHER LOW COST ANISTROPIC GRAPHITIC MATERIALS WHICH HAVE SHOWN PROMISE AS LASER RESISTANT MATERIALS DUE TO HIGH REFLECTIVITY AND HIGH HEAT OF VAPORIZATION.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr peter d zavitsanos
Award Amount: $74,024.00
Abstract:
The use of highly exothermic self propagating intermetallic reactions in proposed to bond together low cost anistropic graphitic materials which have shown promise as laser resistant materials due to high reflectivity and high heat of vaporization. in addition several techniques are proposed in… More

WAKE AUGMENTATION BY ADVANCED CONCEPTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $76,914.00

NUCLEAR EFFECTS SIMULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $88,839.00
Abstract:
A novel set of highly exothermic and essentially gasless (condensed phase) reactions will be investigated in order to select the composition which provides the most appropriate method of simulating radiant fluxes equivalent to those encountered in nuclear air blase environments. the proposed concept… More

WAKE AUGMENTATION BY ADVANCED CONCEPTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $200,000.00
Abstract:
The feasibility of using wake augmentation/modification concepts for decoys and reentry vehicles will be investigated. the thermochemical concepts which lead to the synthesis, fabrication and evaluation of unique materials which are capable of reducing reentry vehicle signatures and of enhancing… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE LIQUID FILM OXYGEN BARRIER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr j gebhardt
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The use of a liquid metal film is proposed as a barrier for preventing access of oxygen to carbon-carbon composites at temperatures to 4500 deg f. the liquid film is comprised of a noble metal, insoluble in a porous tungsten layer previously applied as an erosion resistant layer. an irridium layer… More

FLOW FIELD SEPARATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERSONIC AERODYNAMICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Donald e nestler
Award Amount: $59,425.00
Abstract:
A study is proposed to develop more accurate approximate methods for predicting flow separation phenomena on hypersonic maneuvering aerospace vehicles. experimental data and flow field computations will be used to derive improved semi-empirical relations for incipient separation, separated region… More

EXPLUSION TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Howard Semon
Award Amount: $64,255.00

EXPLUSION TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Howard Semon
Award Amount: $417,703.00
Abstract:
A study is proposed to define and evaluate feasibile jammer expulsion concepts for the homing precursor jammer (hpj) system, and to assess the implications of candidate expulsion concepts on jammer aerothermodynamic performance and requirements. concepts which feature the sequential… More

AN RCS SIGNATURE REDUCTION CONCEPT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $71,998.00
Abstract:
New compound compositions have been identified by gsi which have a high probability of improving the penetration capabilities of strategic systems. these new materials, however, need to be characterized on the basis of microwave interaction and ablation. the proposed program will examine level of… More

POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITE HEAT SINKS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul W Juneau Jr
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Metallic heat sinks have serious limitations due to high density and high coefficient of thermal expansion characteristics. it is proposed to overcome these problems by developing composite heat sink materials based on crystalline graphite fibers, fillers, and foams having high thermal… More

TARGET NEUTRALIZATION MECHANISMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael A Riley
Award Amount: $52,473.00
Abstract:
General sciences, incorporated proposes the use of highly energetic particle formation techniques for the production of high intensity clouds for combined ir optics incapacitation and engine particle ingestion. utilizing the sgi proprietary hi-therm synthesis technology, this approach will produce… More

SIMULATION OF DUST CLOUDS FOR MISSILE COMPONENT TESTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $72,246.00
Abstract:
An experimental program is proposed to investigate the transfer of proven technology previously adapted for sounding rocket chemical releases and thermal simulation, to provide a dust laden field that simulates a nuclear burst environment. this investigation proposes the use of an exothermic solid… More

METALLIC COMPOSITE ARMOR FOR LIGHT AND/OR ULTRALIGHT APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Michael Riley , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,950.00
Abstract:
The self propagating high temperature synthesis (shs) reaction process will be studied as a means of synthesizing near-net-shape ti6al-4v and 6061 ai alloy metal matrix composites (mmcs) into low cost functionally gradient ballistic resistant alloys. a novel means of initiating the shs reaction has… More

COLORED NOISE SIMULATION AND CHARACTERIZATION, AND EFFECTS ON ATTITUDE ACCURACY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,921.00
Abstract:
Standard techniques for the estimation of attitude-determination accuracy assume that the input sensor data has uncorrelated, white noise, and that simulators generally provide white noise. however, real sensor noise is generally observed to have more dominant lower-frequency components. therefore,… More

IR/RF Expendable

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael A Riely
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
GSI proposes the development of an IR/RF expendable utilizing chemical energy to produce both signals. Current studies have shown that GSI'S patented intermetallic fuels are capable of producing extremely high in-band intensities for most military bandwidths, even under high flow conditions. In… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE BORON-TITANIUM CHEMISTRY WITH WATER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,801.00

KINETIC ENERGY EFFECTS AND LETHALITY ENHANCEMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $49,534.00
Abstract:
A program is proposed which exploits highly exothermic solid state reactions in an effort to (a) enhance lethaility and (b) study target material(s) performance and failure mechanism(s) of penetration during hypervelocity impact and penetration. the effort will involve high density pellets of metal… More

Metal Vapor Generator for Chemical Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Phd
Award Amount: $48,542.00
Abstract:
General Sciences, Inc. will use a highly exothermic solid state intermetallic reaction as a furnace powered by chemical energy which will vaporize Bismuth metal primarily to its monoatomic form. This flow of atomic vapor will be used as a fuel in combustion reactions with fluorine compounds which… More

ADVANCED HEAT SHIELD MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Juneau
Award Amount: $48,918.00

HIGH TEMPERATURE BORON-TITANIUM CHEMISTRY WITH WATER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $486,328.00
Abstract:
General sciences, incorporated (gsi) proposes the thermochemical and kinetic nalysis of the ti + b + h20 reaction system. the highly exothermic nature of the titanium/boron reaction in its generic state and in combination with binders and oxidizers has been extensively investigated by gsi with… More

ADVANCED HEAT SHIELD MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Juneau
Award Amount: $481,298.00
Abstract:
This proposal describes the efforts required to study the effects of various materials on the reduction of electronic interface in the plasma of a re-entry vehicle heat shield. a fundemental understanding of the mechanism by means of which these materials achieve a reduction in electronic… More

Material Concepts for Electromagnetic Transmission Through Plasma

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Juneau
Award Amount: $72,000.00

Advanced Light Armor for Helicopter and Other Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Arno Gatti
Award Amount: $99,762.00
Abstract:
A concept involves use of hard spheres embedded in a semi-viscous polymer and the protection mechanism is based on: (a) tipping geometry between projectile and armor spheres, (b) the hardness of the spheres and, (c) further energy absorption by the elastromeric medium. A program is proposed which… More

Combustion of SHS Particle Clouds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $69,845.00
Abstract:
Rapid and complete combustion of SHS compositions in the form of fine particle clouds is essential in achieving maximum energy and blast for advanced fuel/air explosions FAE and other applications. A multi path program is proposed to: (a) identify the most effective SHS compositions, (b) conduct… More

Prompt Formation Of Metallic Vapor Clouds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $69,992.00
Abstract:
The thrust of the proposed program is on the use of highly exothermic solid state reactions also known as Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis (SHS) as a means of generating metal vapor clouds for military as well as for commercial applications . The proposed approach has an excellent chance… More

Unconventional Payloads for Munitions - Defeat of Dispersed Agent in Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Matthews
Award Amount: $79,855.00
Abstract:
On-going developmental programs have produced munitions systems which are capable of penetrating and functioning within hardened fixed ground targets, but are equipped with high explosive and fragmenting warheads and they produce unacceptable target venting, agent dispersal and collateral damage. … More

Gunfire Defense Against Anti-Ship Missiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $99,476.00

Gunfire Defense Against Anti-Ship Missiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $749,937.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop an energetic payload fired from the Navy's standard five-inch gun which is capable of defeating modern antiship missiles at distances greater than five kilometers. The defeat mechanism is based on exploitation of highly exothermic condensed phase reactions producing three… More

Enhanced Payloads Based on Advanced Hi-therm Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $98,851.00
Abstract:
On-going developmental programs have produced munitions systems which are capable of penetrating and functioning within hardened fixed ground targets. They are equipped with high explosive and fragmenting warheads to achieve target defeat but in the process produce unaccceptable target venting and… More

Advanced Reactive Intermetallic propellants for Dual Use

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Matthews
Award Amount: $69,926.00
Abstract:
In order to gain the full potential from application of metal and elemental powder based materials to generate an enhanced propellant formulation, General Sciences, Incorporated, proposes to investigate the use of intrinsically reactive intermetallic based compositions for the production of an… More

Lethality Enhancement of Hit-to-Kill Interceptors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $59,992.00
Abstract:
Although the "hit-to-kill" technology has shown promise in recent field tests, complete destruction/neutralization of biological submunitions cannot be guaranteed. The subject effort proposes a new concept which enhances the lethality of hit-to-kill interceptors by a synergistic combination of (a)… More

Combustion of SHS Particle Clouds

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $599,459.00
Abstract:
Rapid and complete combustion of SHS compositions in the form of fine particle clouds is essential in achieving maximum energy and blast for advanced fuel/air explosions FAE and other applications. A multi path program is proposed to: (a) identify the most effective SHS compositions, (b) conduct… More

Advanced HTI Payload Based on Hi-Therm Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NGA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Peter D. Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $585,946.00
Abstract:
On-going developmental programs have produced munitions systems which are capable of penetrating and functioning within hardened fixed ground targets. They are equipped with high explosive and fragmenting warheads to achieve target defeat but in the process produce unaccceptable target venting and… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Peter D Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $627,208.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,989.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael C. Matthews, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,965.00

Compact Solid-State Switch for Fast Marx Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Michael Matthews, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,975.00
Abstract:
Upon successful completion of the proposed program, an accelerant payload concept shall be developed and evaluated. The use of an accelerant payload allows the munitions system designer the capability to exploit a thermal target defeat mechanism, inaddition to coupling to traditional high… More

High Temperature, High Energy Density Multilayer Power Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,968.00
Abstract:
Safety assessments of current and future energetic materials require a range of tests, one of which is the determination of the electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity to ignition and propagation. There is currently no standard for circuit design, sparkenergy, sample size/configuration or… More

Ordnance Research; Thermobaric HTI for Defeat of BW/CW

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Matthews, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The proposed SBIR Phase II effort will build upon the demonstration success of the Phase I effort for the reduction of viable Biological Warfare (BW) agent (stimulant) release from a scaled target structure, concurrent with denial of the use of the BWagent remaining within the target structure to… More

Ordnance Research; Thermobaric HTI for Defeat of BW/CW

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael Matthews, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $704,215.00
Abstract:
The proposed SBIR Phase II effort will build upon the demonstration success of the Phase I effort for the reduction of viable Biological Warfare (BW) agent (stimulant) release from a scaled target structure, concurrent with denial of the use of the BWagent remaining within the target structure to… More

Lethality Enhancement by Hi-Therm Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
"The Phase I effort produced very important and encouraging results in terms of interceptor lethality enhancement. This was achieved by the innovative development and testing of high density reactive composites which as projectiles or impacting structurescan deliver large amounts of chemical energy… More

Lethality Enhancement by Hi-Therm Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos
Award Amount: $600,008.00
Abstract:
"The Phase I effort produced very important and encouraging results in terms of interceptor lethality enhancement. This was achieved by the innovative development and testing of high density reactive composites which as projectiles or impacting structurescan deliver large amounts of chemical energy… More

Reactive Discrimination - A New CCM Technique

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
A Counter-Counter Measure (CCM) technique is proposed for Missile Defense (MD) which can provide discrimination of balloons and possibly other decoys in the presence of a Re-Entry Vehicle (RV). The concept is based on the use of a new class of highlyenergetic reactive materials, which can be used… More

Lethality Enhancement and Reactive Discrimination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $749,996.00
Abstract:
There is a need to enhance discrimination of threat vehicles from penetration aids as well as the lethality of U.S. interceptors against ballistic, maneuvering, and cruise missiles especially those carrying chem/bio payloads. The lethal radius of systems such as THAAD and others can be increased by… More

Reactive Materials as Lethality Enhancers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $96,669.00
Abstract:
There is a need to enhance the lethality of US interceptors against ballistic and cruise missiles especially those carrying chem/bio payload. The lethal radius of systems such as THAAD and others can be increased by the insertion of highly energetic composites as reactive materials of various… More

Enhanced Lethality Munitions for Army Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, Project Manager/PI
Award Amount: $118,722.00
Abstract:
In order to destroy ballistic and cruise missile threats with chemical, biological, HE or nuclear warheads in hit-to-kill or shoot-to-kill scenarios by PAC-3 or THAAD like systems (under the realities of limited targeting accuracy) lethality enhancement is needed. Discrimination of balloons and the… More

Reactive Lethality Enhanced Munitions for Emerging Threats

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $713,411.00
Abstract:
In order to destroy ballistic and cruise missile threats with chemical, biological, HE or nuclear warheads in hit-to-kill or shoot-to-kill scenarios by PAC-3 or THAAD like systems lethality enhancement is needed especially in emerging threat scenarios involving maneuvering targets. Highly… More

Advanced Discrimination Technologies and Concepts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $97,687.00
Abstract:
New Counter-Counter Measure (CCM) techniques are proposed for Missile Defense (MD) which can provide discrimination of balloons and possibly other decoys in the presence of a Re-entry Vehicle (RV). This will be accomplished by the utilization of new advanced materials and concepts manufacturing and… More

Miniaturized, Low Weight, Low Cost Interceptor Components for the Miniature Kill Vehicle (MKV)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $96,925.00
Abstract:
The objective of this program is to investigate the insertion of reactive materials into the MKV program in order to achieve weight/cost reduction while maintaining enhanced lethality effectiveness. Several materials synthesis techniques are proposed as well as key property characterization… More

Anti-Mortar, Anti-Rockets, Anti-Missile Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
With the growing number of hit and run attacks mounted against U.S. interests by individuals using mortars and rockets, and with the growing threat of missile attack on aircraft, both civilian and military, a fast response lethal defense system is required to identify, engage and destroy mortars,… More

Advanced Discrimination Technologies and Concepts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $749,807.00
Abstract:
New Counter-Counter Measure (CCM) techniques are proposed for Missile Defense (MD) which can provide discrimination of balloons and possibly other decoys in the presence of a Re-entry Vehicle (RV). This will be accomplished by the utilization of new advanced materials and concepts manufacturing and… More

New Thermobarics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
Improvements and refinements in formulation and configuration of current thermobarics are presented. Improvements in formulation allow for faster reaction rates and more complete reaction, releasing a greater percentage of available energy at early times and close to the HE detonation step.… More

Practical Ionospheric Enhancement Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,992.00
Abstract:
The main objective of the proposed program is to develop highly exothermic compositions capable of generating temperatures up to 4,000K in order to achieve significant vaporization of certain metals, with boiling points in excess of 3,000K, which are capable of generating ionization… More

Multipurpose Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $119,995.00
Abstract:
Next generation energy rich materials are under development for both military and civilian uses. These materials are non-explosive (they do not detonate) and are generally referred to as "Reactive Materials". Reactive materials are being developed in conjunction with, or independent of, classical… More

Multipurpose Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Manager, Energetic Materi
Award Amount: $646,882.00
Abstract:
General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) will demonstrate the benefits of reactive material technology to the US Army and will demonstrate the potential methods of incorporation of reactive materials into current and next generation Army munitions systems, including the SCORPION projectile, Multiple Threat… More

Non-Energetic Payload Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
To address the needs of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), GSI will perform in three areas during the course of this effort. 1) GSI will evaluate a new formulation, capable of self-propagating reaction with the production of an electrically conductive aerosol, for the purpose of Intrusive… More

Anti-Mortar, Anti-Rockets, Anti-Missile Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $500,893.00
Abstract:
General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) proposes to demonstrate the benefits of high density, reactive polymer based composites capable of surviving gun launch setbacks associated with velocities up to 8000 feet per second, penetrating a target and creating an internal pressure field sufficient to destroy the… More

Frangible Penetrating Projectile Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
The United States is increasingly involved in conflicts occurring in urban areas, with the resultant increased possibility for unwanted collateral damage, to both civilians and infrastructure, such as buildings, by projectiles that miss their intended targets. General Sciences, Incorporated (GSI)… More

New Thermobaric Materials and Weapon Concepts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Anthony Rozanski, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Improvements in configuration of potential thermobaric warheads are presented. Such improvements in configuration will allow faster mixing rates, resulting in a reduction in total reaction time. Higher reaction rates, and lower reaction times lead to more complete reaction of thermobaric fuels,… More

Novel Methods of IED Suppression and Neutralization to Include Next Generation WMD Dispersal Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Charles W. Files, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,996.00
Abstract:
The use of the Improvised Explosive Device (IED) has become a favorite weapon of choice against the U.S. and Iraqi military and civilian population during the current conflict in Iraq. The potential use of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) as IEDs to increase the area of effect and intensity of the… More

Enhanced Stability and Penetration Depth of Deep Earth Penetrators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Three concepts will be evaluated in order to achieve flow separation and penetration enhancement of Earth Penetrating Weapons (EPW). One concept addresses the merit of carrying fluid within the EPW. The other two describe new techniques addressing the generation of gases from the structure of the… More

Warhead Adaptive Materials (WAM) for Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as fragmentation,… More

Frangible Penetrating Projectile Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $729,532.00
Abstract:
Reactive materials (RM) add a powerful new dimension to the U.S. Army's warfighting capabilities. Reactive materials can be used against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), chemical and biological agents, rockets, artillery and mortar (RAM) threats, land and naval mines, missiles, armor,… More

Sulfur Hexafluride (SF6) Replacement or Reduction in High Voltage Switchgear and Airborne Radar

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) is currently used in high voltage switchgear and airborne radar systems to prevent arcing between electrical contacts. SF6 is potentially damaging to the environment; solutions to the challenge of SF6 replacement in airborne radar systems are proposed with a high… More

Enhanced Stability and Penetration Depth of Deep Earth Penetrators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: Identify, develop and demonstrate innovative new concepts to significantly reduce frictional drag and enhance trajectory stability of deep-earth penetrating warheads. For example, novel concepts for creation of a high-pressure gas or fluid layer that envelops the warhead and that exerts… More

Scalable & Adaptive Munitions Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,995.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for scalable and adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as… More

Novel Structural Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,990.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic/reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. Munitions of today contain a high amount of inert material, usually steel, that serves as structural elements and fragment generation. General… More

Warhead Adaptive Materials (WAM) for Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $729,992.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as fragmentation,… More

Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Peter D. Zavitsanos, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,997.00
Abstract:
Low visibility rotary aircraft decoys are needed to protect vehicles against heat seeking missile attacks without illuminating the target which exposes the aircraft to small arms fire and potentially compromising the mission. The novel approach to this challenge is to produce a decoy which emits… More

New Thermobaric Effects for Lethality Enhancement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed effort addresses new concepts in terms of exploiting the thermobaric effect (increase of temperature and pressure) using variations of reactive materials which maximize energy release and gaseous by-products during impacts of low velocity (1-2

Enhancement of Penetration Capability of Light Warheads Into Hardened Walls.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Charles Files, V P Research & Development
Award Amount: $69,997.00
Abstract:
The changing aspects of enemy threats requires that our defense tactics be modified in order to optimize war fighting effectiveness. Urban targets at one time focused on armored vehicles and tanks, however, as the enemy has changed to a more terroristic type of fighter the targets have become the… More

Weapon Payloads for Chemical and Biological Agent Plume Neutralization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President/Senior Scientist – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $99,999.00
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To provide new and innovative weapon payload concepts that can neutralize (e.g., detoxify, kill or decompose) chemical and biological (CB) warfare agents in a plume released from an offensive operations strike on enemy Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) facilities. DESCRIPTION: Current… More

Novel Materials for Small and Medium Caliber Projectiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President, Senior Scienti – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $79,998.00
Abstract:
The proposed program addresses novel materials to fabricate small and medium caliber projectiles. General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) proposes the use of highly exothermic, high density structural reactive materials (RM) to fabricate projectiles that exhibit improved target damage, improved lethality and… More

Continuous Dissemination Techniques for Particulate Obscurants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President/Senior Scientist – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
The proposed program describes three techniques for generating particulate clouds for obscuration in the visible and infrared for periods extending to 30 seconds. The first technique produces in-situ formation of submicron TiO2 and other (environmentally safe) particles from a low temperature… More

Scalable&Adaptive Munitions Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $729,235.00
Abstract:
The US Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. There exists a need for scalable and adaptable warheads that provide user-selectable energy output, as well as selectable modes of operation, such as… More

Enhancement of Penetration Capability of Light Warheads Into Hardened Walls.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President, Principal Inve – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $716,690.00
Abstract:
Military Operations in Urban Terrain (MOUT) have seen a shift in targets from armored vehicles and tanks to structures and buildings, where the current shaped charge devices do not provide sufficient after-penetration effects to neutralize personnel within the structural targets nor do they create… More

Tunable Reactive Materials for Enhanced Counter Offensive Lethality

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $97,887.00
Abstract:
General Sciences, Inc. (GSI) will design, produce, evaluate and characterize reactive shaped charge liners (RSCL) that possess high density (9-16 g/cc), exothermicity (T>2000K), storage stability and the ability to defeat improvised explosive devices (IEDs), chemical and biological weapons and… More

Non-Toxic, Non-Incendiary Obscurant Smoke for Ammunition and Munitions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $98,008.00
Abstract:
The proposed program addresses the development of a safe to breathe smoke consisting of mainly TiO2 and KCl particulates with the option of including fog oil as well in a hybrid device configuration. The effort will address further smoke characterization as well as scale-up to a 5"(dia) by… More

Low Visibility Decoy Flare

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $743,135.00
Abstract:
Low visibility rotary aircraft decoys are needed to protect vehicles against heat seeking missile attacks without illuminating the target which exposes the aircraft to small arms fire and potentially compromising the mission. The novel approach to this challenge is to produce a decoy which emits… More

Engineered Ignition of Novel Structural Reactive Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Peter Zavitsanos, President – (215) 723-8588
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The US Army, as well as other national military services, requires new and innovative energetic/reactive materials to produce next generation munitions. Munitions of today contain a high amount of inert material, usually steel, that serves as structural elements and fragment generation. General… More