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New Thermobaric Materials and Weapon Concepts

Award Information

Department of Defense
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2006 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
General Sciences, Incorporated
205 Schoolhouse Road Souderton, PA 18964-2416
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2006
Title: New Thermobaric Materials and Weapon Concepts
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Contract: HDTRA1-06-P-0089
Award Amount: $100,000.00


Improvements in configuration of potential thermobaric warheads are presented. Such improvements in configuration will allow faster mixing rates, resulting in a reduction in total reaction time. Higher reaction rates, and lower reaction times lead to more complete reaction of thermobaric fuels, which will cause thermobaric weapons to better engage enclosed targets and cause more extensive damage than current configurations. Early work by these investigators suggests that a fraction of highly energetic thermobaric fuel can be ignited by an explosive shock and release its energy in a time period consistent with conditions required for increased peak pressure and impulse. The exploitation of this finding in terms of enhancing the reaction rates (both intrinsic and air combustion) through improved mixing techniques is the main objective of this program. Two approaches will be examined. The first approach will consist of a star shaped explosive core which will produce explosive jets, to enhance the mixing effect. The second approach will utilize alternating sections of reactive materials, one of lower density and one of higher density. The density mismatch will set up velocity gradients, resulting in a turbulent mixing of both reactive material components, as well as trapping the available air within the reaction zone.

Principal Investigator:

Anthony Rozanski
Principal Investigator

Business Contact:

Peter D. Zavitsanos
Small Business Information at Submission:

205 Schoolhouse Road Souderton, PA 18964

EIN/Tax ID: 232226839
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No