A Portable Flow Cytometer Suitable for the Rapid Detection of Adenovirus in Wastewater
The goal of this project is to develop a portable system for the real-time detection and quantification of adenovirus in wastewater. The system is based on a small, portable flow cytometer that was developed and is being marketed by Becton Dickinson Biosciences (BDB) under the trade name FACSCount¿ for use in selected medical and research applications. Unlike previous efforts to apply flow cytometry to the testing of wastewater, the system that will be used for this work is based on the measurement of antibody-coated fluorescent microspheres with a low-cost, user friendly, commercially tested flow cytometer, the BDB FACSCount¿. BDB has granted to GEOMET Technologies, Inc., exclusive license to develop and market the system for environmental applications. BDB is supporting this development program by providing the instrument, assisting in reagent formulations, and developing the specialized software needed for this application.Flow cytometry is a form of spectroscopy that interrogates individual members of a sample population for size, shape, biological, and chemical properties, thus making it a potential tool for determining the concentration of specific particles in a heterogeneous sample. Cells or fragments and a reagent blend specific to the target biologic are carried by a fluid stream through a focus of exciting light. The distribution and intensity of the scattered light and fluorescence imparted by fluorescent probes generates both a scatter and fluorescence fingerprint that is interpreted by an internal computer that determines the presence and concentration of the target biologic. The key to using flow cytometry for this purpose is development of reagents and software that are unique to adenovirus in wastewater.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Principal Investigator:Henrietta Kulaga
GEOMET Technologies, Inc
20251 Century Boulevard Germantown, MD 20874
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