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IDENTIFICATION OF INFANTS AT RISK FOR MENTAL RETARDATION

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
3127
Program Year/Program:
1987 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
3127
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Infantest Corp.
2579 N. Moreland Blvd. Shaker Heights, OH 44120
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 1987
Title: IDENTIFICATION OF INFANTS AT RISK FOR MENTAL RETARDATION
Agency: HHS
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $180,000.00
 

Abstract:

ADVANCES IN MEDICAL CARE HAVE ALLOWED A GREATER NUMBER OF NEONATES TO SURVIVE. THE RESULT HAS BEEN AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF INFANTS AT RISK FOR LATER INTELLECTUAL RETARDATION. HAPPILY, 80 TO 90% OF HIGH-RISK INFANTS ARE INTELLECTUALLY NORMAL LATER IN LIFE. UNFORTUNATELY, NO VALID SCREENING DEVICE FOR DIFFERENTIATING INFANTS WHO WILL LATER BE INTELLECTUALLY NORMAL FROM THOSE WHO WILL BE RETARDED IS AVAILABLE. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUCH A DEVICE WOULD HAVE TWO ADVANTAGES. THE FIRST IS THAT PARENTS OF THE MAJORITY OF INFANTS SCREENED COULD BE RELIEVED OF THEIR ANXIETY AND ENCOURAGED TO TREAT THEIR INFANTS AS INTELLECTUALLY NORMAL. THE SECOND IS THAT IDENTIFICATION OF MENTAL RETARDATION DURING INFANCY MAY ALLOW A FULLER UNDERSTANDING OF THE CAUSES OF SUCH DEFICIT. THE MAIN AIM OF THE PROPOSED PROJECT IS TO MAKE A SCREENING DEVICE AVAILABLE TO CLINICIANS SO THAT INFANTS WHO WILL LATER BE INTELLECTUALLY NORMAL OR MENTALLY RETARDED MAY BE IDENTIFIED DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE. THE FAGAN TEST OF INFANT INTELLIGENCE (COPYRIGHT 1981, J.F. FAGAN, III) IS A VALID SCREENING DEVICE FOR THE EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF LATER MENTAL RETARDATION. CURRENTLY, THE FAGAN TEST EXISTS SOLELY AS A RESEARCH INSTRUMENT. THE SPECIFIC GOAL OF THIS PHASE I PROJECT IS TO DEVELOP AND FIELD-TEST A PROTOTYPE OF THE FAGAN TEST WHICH MAY BE USED BY CLINICIANS. THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE CLINICAL PROTOTYPE FOR AN EXTENSIVE CLINICAL TRIAL WILL BE THE AIM OF A PHASE II PROJECT. ULTIMATELY, THE PREVENTION OR REMEDIATION OF MENTAL RETARDATION IS MORE LIKELY WHEN EARLY IDENTIFICATION OF THE VICTIMS AND THE CAUSES OF RETARDATION CAN BE MADE. THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF A VALID SCREENING DEVICE FOR THE EARLY DETECTION OF INTELLECTUAL DEFICIT PROMISES TO AID IN DIAGNOSING, UNDERSTANDING AND, POTENTIALLY, IN PREVENTING OR ALLEVIATING MENTAL RETARDATION.

Principal Investigator:

Patricia Ann Shepherd
Principal Investigator
2163686476

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Infantest Corp.
2579 N. Moreland Blvd. Shaker Heights, OH 44120

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No