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MODIFYING COMBUSTION KINETICS BY PHOTODISSOCIATION OF INHIBITORS

Award Information

Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
1811
Program Year/Program:
1986 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
1811
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
M.L. ENERGIA, INC.
P.O. BOX 470 PRINCETON, NJ 08542
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Woman-Owned: Yes
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 1986
Title: MODIFYING COMBUSTION KINETICS BY PHOTODISSOCIATION OF INHIBITORS
Agency: NSF
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $200,000.00
 

Abstract:

THE FEASABILITY OF IMPROVING COMBUSTION BY A NOVEL APPROACH IS EXAMINED. THIS ENTAILS MODIFYING REACTION KINETICS BY PHOTODISSOCIATION OF REACTION-INHIBITING CHEMICAL SPECIES TO REACTIVE RADICALS WHICH PARTICIPATE IN CHAIN-BRANCHING. THE CONCEPT WILL BE TESTED IN A SIMPLE, CLEVER EXPERIMENT IN WHICH THE EFFECT OF PHOTODISSOCIATION CAN BE UNAMBIGUOUSLY INVESTIGATED. FOR THIS PURPOSE THE PHOTO- DISSOCIATION OF THE METASTABLE HO2 RADICAL WAS SELECTED. IT IS WELL ACCEPTED BY COMBUSTION EXPERTS THAT THE SECOND EXPLOSION LIMIT OF HYDROGEN-OXYGEN MIXTURES IS ATTRIBUTED TO THREE BODY COLLISION H + O2 -> M HO2 + M. THIS REACTION BECOMES IMPORTANT AT HIGH PRESSURE AND EFFECTIVELY COMPETES WITH THE CHAINBRANCHING H + O2 -> OH + O. THUS PHOTODISSOCIATION OF HO2 TO OH + O WILL SHIFT THE KINETICS IN FAVOR OF CHAIN-BRANCHING, ENHANCING REACTIVITY AND RESULTING IN AN EXTENSION OF THE EXPLOSION PENINSULA NEAR THE SECOND LIMIT. THIS WILL BE TESTED BY PREPARING STATIC HYDROGEN-OXYGEN MIXTURES AT THE NON- EXPLOSIVE REGION NEAR THE SECOND LIMIT. THE MIXTURE WILL THEN BE IRRADIATED WITH ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT AT A WAVELENGTH CAPABLE OF SELECTIVELY DISSOCIATING HO2 TO THE CHAIN- CARRYING O AND OH RADICALS. IF THE MIXTURE EXPLODES UNDER IRRADIATION AT THESE NORMALLY NON-EXPLOSIVE CONDITIONS, THE INNOVATION HAVE BEEN EXPERIMENTALLY CONFIRMED. THE G GROUNDWORK WILL THEN HAVE BEEN LAID FOR PHASE II RESEARCH ONMODIFYING COMBUSTION KINETICS IN OTHER FUEL-AIR MIXTURES BY FIRST IDENTIFYING OTHER INHIBITING SPECIES AND THEN EXAMINING THE AVAILABILTY AND AFFECTIVENESS OF PHOTO- DISSOCIATING THEM TO RADICALS UNDER CONDITIONS APPROPRIATE TO ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICES.

Principal Investigator:

Dr. Moshe Lavid
President
0

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

M.l. Energia, Inc.
P.o. Box 1468 * Princeton, NJ 08542

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No