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PHOTO-CONVERSION OF HAZARDOUS CHLOROCARBONS TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS

Award Information

Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
11818
Program Year/Program:
1990 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
11818
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
M.L. ENERGIA, INC.
P.O. BOX 470 PRINCETON, NJ 08542
View profile »
Woman-Owned: Yes
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1990
Title: PHOTO-CONVERSION OF HAZARDOUS CHLOROCARBONS TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
Agency: NSF
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $46,934.00
 

Abstract:

THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNIQUES FOR SAFE CONVERSION OF HAZARDOUS COMPOUNDS RANKS AS HIGHEST PRIORITY IN THE WASTE TREATMENT INDUSTRY. THE DOMINANT PROCESS FOR TOXIC WASTE TREATMENT, SPECIFICALLY CHLOROCARBONS, HAS BEEN INCINERATION. THE INTOLERABLE QUANTITIES OF POLYCHLORINATEDHALOCARBONS (PCHC) DETECTED IN EFFLUENT OF INCINERATORS HAVERAISED SERIOUS CONCERNS AS OF THE WIDE APPLICATION OF THIS TECHNOLOGY. UTILIZATION OF A REDUCING ATMOSPHERE CAN DRAMATICALLY DECREASE THE CONCENTRATIONS OF PCHC IN THE EMISSION, BUT IT CREATES UNACCEPTABLE AMOUNTS OF SOLID CARBON. WE PROPOSE A NOVEL METHOD FOR SAFE CONVERSION OF HALOCARBONSTHAT HAS THE POTENTIAL TO ALLEVIATE THESE PROBLEMS. THIS METHOD INVOLVES A PHOTO-INITIATED REACTION BETWEEN CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS (C1HC) AND METHANE (OR HYDROGEN) TOPRODUCE CHLORINE-FREE HYDROCARBONS AND HCL. THE PROCESS WILL BE CONDUCTED AT TEMPERATURES BELOW 600 K. THIS WILL CIRCUMVENT SOOT FORMATION WHICH IS CHARACTERISTIC OF HIGHER TEMPERATURE THERMAL PROCESSES AND WILL SUBSTANTIALLY REDUCE ENERGY COST. PHASE I WILL BE AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY WITH FIVE TASKS: CONSTRUCTION OF A VERSATILE PHOTOCHEMICAL APPARATUS, PHOTOLYSIS OF CH2C12/CH4, CH2C12/H2 MIXTURES AND ANALYSIS OF PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION, DETERMINATION OF BEST (HIGHEST CONVERSION) SOOT FREE CONDITION, EXTENSION OF PHOTOLYSIS AND PRODUCTS ANALYSIS TO OTHER CHLOROCARBONS (CHC13, C2H4C12), AND FINALLY INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPORTANT PROCESSPARAMETERS. PHASE I WILL PROVIDE A TECHNICAL FOUNDATION FORPHASE II R & D ON A PROTOTYPE REACTOR TO CONVERT UBIQUITOUS INDUSTRIAL WASTE.

Principal Investigator:

Dr Moshe Lavid
President
0

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

M L Energia Inc
Po Box 1468 Princeton, NJ 08542

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No