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THE SUPERIOR CHEMICAL STABILITY OF FLUORINE-CARBON CHEMICAL BONDS HAS BEEN…

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
2551
Program Year/Program:
1985 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
2551
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Magna Seal Inc
10116 Aspen Street Austin, TX 78758
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1985
Title: THE SUPERIOR CHEMICAL STABILITY OF FLUORINE-CARBON CHEMICAL BONDS HAS BEEN TRANSLATED INTO THE REMARKABLE COMMERCIAL SUCCESS OF THE PERFLUORO SULFONATE AND CARBOXYLATE MEMBRANES SUCH AS NAFION, FLEMION, ETC.
Agency: DOE
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $44,528.00
 

Abstract:

THE SUPERIOR CHEMICAL STABILITY OF FLUORINE-CARBON CHEMICAL BONDS HAS BEEN TRANSLATED INTO THE REMARKABLE COMMERCIAL SUCCESS OF THE PERFLUORO SULFONATE AND CARBOXYLATE MEMBRANES SUCH AS NAFION, FLEMION, ETC. THESE AND THE MORE RECENT BILAYER COMPOSITES HAVE REVOLUTIONIZED THE ENERGY-INTENSIVE CHLORALKALI INDUSTRY AND MADE SPACE-AGE FUEL CELLS USEFUL IN ORBIT AND FEASIBLE IN ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILES. THESE MATERIALS ARE SUFFICIENTLY GOOD SO THAT PROPOSALS TO IMPROVE THEIR PERFORMANCE MUST BE VIEWED WITH ALERTNESS IF NOT SCEPTICISM. THE LACK OF PERMANENT CHEMICAL CROSSLINKS IN THESE POLYMERS LIMITS THE USEFUL RANGE OF EQUIVALENT WEIGHT BECAUSE THE WATER UPTAKE CAN BE TOO HIGH AS THE WEIGHT IS DECREASED, OR THE ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE CAN BE TOO HIGH AS THE EQUIVALENT WEIGHT IS INCREASED. THE PRACTICAL RANGE HAS BEEN 800 TO 1500, WITH CARBOXYLATE ON THE CATHODE SIDE OF CHLORALKALI CELLS. THE NEW MEMBRANE WILL HAVE INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF SWELLING THROUGH THE WIDE RANGE OF CROSSLINK DENSITY AVAILABLE, AND WILL PERMIT THE EQUIVALENT WEIGHT TO BE ONE-THIRD TO ONE-QUARTER OF THE FIGURES CITED ABOVE. SOLVENTS AND DILUENTS MAY BE USED TO INFLUENCE THE POROSITY AND HENCE THE FLUX RATE. TO PREPARE THE MEMBRANES, SELECTED MONOMERS ARE COPOLYMERIZED TO FORM A PRECURSOR FILM OF DESIRED THICKNESS, CROSSLINK DENSITY, AND FUNCTION- ALITY, AND THEN THE HYDROGEN ATOMS ARE REPLACED VERY CAREFULLY WITH FLUORINE ATOMS USING F2 GAS TO RETAIN THE CARBON SKELETON AS DESIGNED. THE SUCCESSFUL FLUOR- INATION OF FILMS CROSSLINKED WITH RADIATION AND OF ELASTOMERS FOR GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER SEVERE ENVIRONMENTS HAS BEEN PREVIOUSLY REPORTED.

Principal Investigator:

Dr. earl t. dumitra
PRINCIPAL INVESITGATOR
5128364936

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Magna Seal Inc
10116 Aspen Street Austin, TX 78758

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No