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Company Information:

Company Name: Mainstream Engineering Corporation
City: Rockledge
State: FL
Zip+4: 32955-5327
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phone: (321) 631-3550

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $15,907,004.59 181
SBIR Phase II $45,486,339.01 66
STTR Phase I $1,248,693.00 13
STTR Phase II $2,249,645.00 3

Award List:

DEVELOPMENT OF GENERAL HEAT PUMP HEAT PIPE AND RANKINE POWER COMPONENTS FOR SPACECRAFT HEAT REJECTION SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert p scaringe
Award Amount: $49,979.00
Abstract:
Future military space missions will introduce significant new technological needs for spacecraft energy systems. various technologies need to be evaluated to determine the best technology for a particular application. a design tool that allows rapid but accurate comparison of all alternatives would… More

HEAT PUMP AUGMENTED SPACECRAFT HEAT REJECTION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr R P Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,980.00

HEAT PUMP AUGMENTED SPACECRAFT HEAT REJECTION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr R P Scaringe
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
Future military space missions will introduce significant new technological needs for spacecraft energy systems. heat pump augmented spacecraft heat rejection systems have the potential to reduce radiator size and system weight. vapor-compression heat pump radiator configurations for spacecraft heat… More

PRODUCTION OF SPACECRAFT-GRADE NITROGEN TETROXIDE (N[2]O[4])

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ronald g barile
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
This project aims at developing a new means of producing nitrogen tetroxide (n[2]o[4]) with suitable purity for use as spacecraft fuel oxidizer. the immediate objective is to validate bench production of nitrogen tetroxide by catalytic combustion of ammonia. this technology has already been… More

INVESTIGATION OF NOVEL WORKING FLUIDS FOR USE IN SPACECRAFT HEAT PIPES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence r grzyll
Award Amount: $49,834.00
Abstract:
In order to utilize a working fluid for a specific heat pipe application the working fluid must have a useful temperature range that spans the temperature limits of the heat pipe. an overview of the status of current heat pipe working fluids shows that none of the current working fluids can be used… More

HEAT PUMP THERMAL TRANSPORT LOOP FOR SPACECRAFT APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,885.00

INVESTIGATION OF THE THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF REFRIGERANT MIXTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R Grzyll
Award Amount: $49,934.00
Abstract:
To analyze the effect of a refrigerant on the capacity of refrigeration equipment the thermodynamic properties of the refrigerant must be known. mainstream will develop the thermodynamic properties of various binary and ternary refrigerant mixtures using an equation of state appropriate for… More

IMPROVED SYSTEM FOR SCAPE SUIT HEATING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,958.00

MODULAR CHEMICAL-MECHANICAL HEAT PUMP FOR SPACECRAFT THERMALBUS APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,997.00

HEAT PUMP THERMAL TRANSPORT LOOP FOR SPACECRAFT APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Increasingly stringent thermal requirements are projected for future spacecraft. compliance with these requirements necessitates the development of thermal control techniques with capabilities far exceeding those in current use. a fundamental consideration is a heat transport and thermal rejection… More

IMPROVED SYSTEM FOR SCAPE SUIT HEATING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $120,000.00
Abstract:
Aerospace fuel and propellant handling during cold weather at kennedy space center has resulted in lower than optimal temperatures inside propellant handlers' protective suits (scape suit). the intent of this proposal is to experimentally demonstrate a prototype light-weight, non-contaminating,… More

MODULAR CHEMICAL-MECHANICAL HEAT PUMP FOR SPACECRAFT THERMALBUS APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $490,105.00
Abstract:
The intent of this sbir phase i proposal is to experimentally demonstrate an innovative high-efficiency, high-reliability heat pump for spacecraft heat rejection applications. this heat pump would allow equipment to operate at a temperature close to but different from the saturation temperature of a… More

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE COLLECTION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,705.00
Abstract:
The proposed research describes a method to extract water from air with relative humidities as low as 5% and production of 11.1 gallons of water per gallon diesel fuel consumed. the concept is based on the use of an inorganic hydrated salt that will act as a desiccant, and can be recycled to produce… More

A MALONE HEAT PUMP FOR USE AS A SHIPBOARD AC SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: John J Silvestri
Award Amount: $49,784.00
Abstract:
The intent of this phase i proposal is to determine the feasibility of using a liquid stirling cycle, also known as a malone cycle, as a non-vapor compression ac plant for potential shipboard use. the phase i effort will concentrate on theoretical modeling of, and determination of alternative… More

DEMONSTRATION OF AN INNOVATIVE TACOM PERSONNEL HEATER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,852.00
Abstract:
Presently the army has two sizes of personnel heaters in tracked vehicles. the smaller one produces up to 30,000 btu/hr and the larger one 60,000 btu/hr. these units were designed over forty years ago using technology available at the time. subsequent research in combustion, power conversion, heat… More

DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY ACCEPTABLE HALON ALTERNATIVES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,988.00

DEVELOPMENT OF NONTOXIC HEAT TRANSPORT FLUIDS FOR HABITAT TWO-PHASE THERMAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $48,130.00

MAN-PORTABLE MICRO-CLIMATE COOLING SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,914.00

DEVELOPMENT OF NONTOXIC HEAT TRANSPORT FLUIDS FOR HABITAT TWO-PHASE THERMAL CONTROL SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $439,300.00
Abstract:
This phase i project will determine the feasibility of usinga computational chemistry database system for the development of a nontoxic, two-phase, heat transport fluid for spacecraft thermal control systems. experimental data on the physical and chemical properties of as many compoundsas possible… More

Transient Demonstration of a Pulse-Power Electronic Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,443.00
Abstract:
This research will develop an innovative and effective technique for the removal of heat from high heat flux electronic components. The cooling fluid is passed through micro-channels engraved in chip substrate which acts as an evaporator in a heat pump loop. The flow in micro-channels is controlled… More

DEMONSTRATION OF AN INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE FOR POWDERED SORBENT DISPERSION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Phd.,
Award Amount: $49,993.00
Abstract:
This proposal describes several potential sorbent dispersion systems to deliver sorbents onto surfaces contaminated with chemical warfare agents. under this phase i effort, mainstream engineers will review the technology that is available to apply free-flowing powders/sorbents onto surfaces; develop… More

DEMO OF AN INNOVATIVE FOOD/BEVERAGE HEATING/COOLING CONTAINER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert F. Scaringe, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This proposal describes four innovative ration heating/cooling concepts that use no moving parts or external electrical energy. as part of this proposal, an initial trade-off study was performed which revealed one concept which is superior to the others, is inexpensive, and satisfies the army… More

Innovative Adsorption Heating & Cooling Device for Micro-Climate Appl.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clyde F. Parrish, John J.
Award Amount: $43,699.00
Abstract:
1The completion of the Phase I contract would result in the development of a micro-climate heating and cooling device that will be light-weight; have a small battery operated pump as the only moving component; and have a system that could be regenerated. This device would have applications to… More

DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM INTEGRATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Clyde F. Parrish , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $44,838.00

PRODUCTION OF HIGH-PURITY LIQUID AMONIA

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. Clyde F. Parrish , Senior Research Chemist
Award Amount: $49,998.00

DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENTALLY ACCEPTABLE HALON ALTERNATIVES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $320,430.00
Abstract:
Phase i of this effort proposes to determine the feasibility of using the computational chemistry database system for identifying suitable fire-suppression alternatives. data on the physical, chemical, structural, thermodynamic, and fire-suppression properties on as many compounds as possible will… More

MAN-PORTABLE MICRO-CLIMATE COOLING SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Robert P Scaringe , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $493,542.00
Abstract:
Future army combat missions will introduce significant new technological needs for the foot soldier. heat-pump-cooled protective clothing will be necessary to allow extended use of protective garments without excessive fatigue. the intent of this proposal is to investigate a novel, lightweight,… More

Design and Demonstration of an AAIS Pod Cooling System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert F. Scaringe
Award Amount: $68,216.00
Abstract:
The Air Force is developing a test capability to simulate wave foriDs, modes, and power levels of advanced threat airbome interceptors. The Advanced Airborne Interceptor Simulator (AAIS) will be a pod mounted s3-mRilator designed to achieve a high degree of autonomy. The technical challenges of pod… More

Treatment of Nitrate and Mixed Nitrite/Sulfate Contaminated Waste Water

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Clyde F. Parrish
Award Amount: $49,974.00
Abstract:
This Phase I proposal describes an innovative process to treat waste waters containing a high concentration of nitrates and mixed nitrite/sulfate, which would permit dumping to grade and/or reuse. This waste water will be produced by a second stage nitrogen tetroxide vapor scrubber system to be used… More

IMPROVED FORMULATION OF FIRE FIGHTING AGENTS FOR HYDROCARBON FIRES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Clyde F. Parrish
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I effort describes Mainstream's innovative approach for the development of improved aqueous film forming (AFFF) fire fighting agents designed for hydrocarbon fires. This approach addresses the problem of biodegradability and performance of the current AFFF in extinguishing rolling fuel… More

Demonstration of the use of Hydrogen Fuel for Food Service

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R.p. Scaringe
Award Amount: $49,877.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has a long and successful history of developing useful, easy-to-use hardware for heat and cooling applications [3-37]. This Phase I effort will investigate and demonstrate the use of hydrogen-powered food service system. Phase I will systematically investigate and define the best approach… More

DEMONSTRATION OF A CLOSED-LOOP SHIPBOARD CLOTHES WASHER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $69,064.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has vast experience in water purification, reverse osmosis, and water treatment. We also have experience in NASA spacecraft laundry and personal shower cleaning techniques. This Phase I effort will investigate numerous new water purification and ultrasonic and related low-detergent… More

Hydride-Synthesized High Surface-Area Metal Oxide Powders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $69,579.00
Abstract:
Metals which form hydrides can be used for the synthesis of high-surface area metal-oxide powders. Mainstream proposes the use of reversible metal hydrides and subsequent air/oxygen exposure to yield nanoscale powders which can be used as chemical reagents for detoxification of organic wastes. … More

A Passive, Compact, Rechargeable Low-Temperature CryoCooler

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe Phd, P
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
Numerous applications exist where cooling is desired for sensors, for only a small portion of the entire spacecraft orbit. These burst power requirements may also be coupled with a requirement to have no vibration during this data gathering period. This problem is often further complicated by the… More

More Efficient Electric Propulsion Via Reduced Mass of Xenon Propelant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Thomas Reinarts, Phd
Award Amount: $59,860.00
Abstract:
This Phase I project will determine the feasibility of developing a xenon propellant storage system for an electric propulsion engine that offers significant reductions in mass, volume, and storage pressure over the compressed vapor storage currently used. Electric propulsion systems utilizing xenon… More

A Passive Backpressure Control Device For A Wide Two-Phase Flow Quality Range

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Thomas Raymond Reinarts , Senior Thermal Engineer
Award Amount: $69,412.00

Development of the Chemical/Mechanical Heat Pump for More Electric Aircraft Thermal Control Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R. Grzyll
Award Amount: $79,874.00

Development of the Chemical/Mechanical Heat Pump for More Electric Aircraft Thermal Control Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R. Grzyll
Award Amount: $737,593.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the development of a hybrid chemical/mechanical heat pump, using environmentally acceptable absorbent/refrigerant pairs, for more electric aircraft thermal control systems. Mainstream's chemical/mechanical heat pump incorporates the advantages of both the chemical and… More

Surfactant-Enhanced, Low-Pressure Membrane Desalination

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back
Award Amount: $69,741.00
Abstract:
Supply of potable water is essential for the individual soldier in hostile, marine, or wilderness environments. Chemical warfare agents and natural infectious bacteria can render water unusable unless filtered and/or disinfected, and high salinity cannot be tolerated by humans. Mainstream proposes… More

Advanced Testing of Second-Generation Halon Replacements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R Grzyll
Award Amount: $69,928.00
Abstract:
The search for replacements for ozone-depleting Halon fire extinguishing agents has been underway for nearly ten years. Many potential replacement agents have been underway for nearly ten years. Many potential replacement agents have been considered, evaluated and tested over the years, yet, there… More

Large Array Applications for 1-3 Piezoelectric Composite Transducers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, Ph.D. , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00

ADVANCED SYNERGISTIC DE/ANTI-ICER FORMULATIONS (701DB009)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, Phd
Award Amount: $98,737.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has identified potential replacements for current de-icing and anti-icing chemicals comprised of alcohols and high-oxygen content organics, and salts. Compared to currently used compounds, these replacements can be optimized in formulations for a rapid and potentially lower BOD, similar… More

Low-Pressure Long-Term Xenon Storage for Electric Propulsion (701RS015)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $59,985.00
Abstract:
The high molecular weight of Xenon (Xe) makes it ideal as a fuel for electric propulsion systems such as SPT and ion engines. However, storage as a compressed-gas or in a liquified state is far from ideal due to the massive supporting refrigeration hardware, pressure reduction equipment, complex… More

Highly Destructive Polymer-Contained Neutralizing Skin Protectants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. Dwight D. Back
Award Amount: $85,943.00
Abstract:
Phase I will develop and test the feasibility of coated topical skin protecant additives using a new class of reactive metal alloys. These materials have already been demonstrated to destroy molecules containing hetero-atoms (P, S, 0, halogens) which includes nerve agents such as Sarin. The… More

Demonstration of a Compact High-Efficiency Magnetic-Bearing Chiller

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe Phd, P
Award Amount: $990,000.00
Abstract:
Numerous applications exist where cooling is desired for sensors, for only a small portion of the entire spacecraft orbit. These burst power requirements may also be coupled with a requirement to have no vibration during this data gathering period. This problem is often further complicated by the… More

Advanced Testing of Second-Generation Halon Replacements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R Grzyll
Award Amount: $723,131.00
Abstract:
The search for replacements for ozone-depleting Halon fire extinguishing agents has been underway for nearly ten years. Many potential replacement agents have been underway for nearly ten years. Many potential replacement agents have been considered, evaluated and tested over the years, yet, there… More

A Solid-Solid Hybrid Gas Generator Fire Suppression System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,888.00
Abstract:
This Phase 2 proposal addresses the advanced development and commercialization of a novel solid-solid hybrid gas generator fire suppression technology to replace the ozone depleting Halon 1301 for total flooding applications. Mainstream's solid-solid hybrid gas generator technology will result in… More

Demonstration of CWA-Reactive, Non-Irritating rTSPFormulations (MEC Proposal No.808DB2054)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $99,883.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has demonstrated the effectiveness of a new family of metal alloy powders (patent-pending) in immobilizing chemicals such as halocarbons, alkenes, and H and G CWA simulants. These materials must now be feasibility tested in complete product formulations. There is also the potential for… More

Propellant Leak Detection System (709CR2067)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,847.00

A Constant Capacity High Lift Heat Pump (MEC Proposal No. 706SB2049)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,035.00

A Solid-Solid Hybrid Gas Generator Fire Suppression System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $299,771.00
Abstract:
Not Available This Phase 2 proposal addresses the advanced development and commercialization of a novel solid-solid hybrid gas generator fire suppression technology to replace the ozone depleting Halon 1301 for total flooding applications. Mainstream's solid-solid hybrid gas generator technology… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $599,982.00

A High-Efficiency, Low-Power, Two-Phase Pumped Loop (MEC Prop No. 901LG2002)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll
Award Amount: $99,770.00

High-Efficiency, Low-Power, Two-Phase Pumped Loop

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll
Award Amount: $99,999.00

A High-Efficiency, Low-Power, Two-Phase Pumped Loop (MEC Proposal No. 901LG2003)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R Grzyll
Award Amount: $65,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P Scaringe Phd
Award Amount: $712,542.00

A High-Reliability, Compact, Hybrid Cooler (MEC Proposal No. 806RS2043)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,965.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, President
Award Amount: $99,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe
Award Amount: $69,980.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, President
Award Amount: $69,992.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, President
Award Amount: $64,999.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Research Mechanical Engr.
Award Amount: $64,664.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R. Grzyll, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,995.00

A High-Efficiency, Low-Power, Two-Phase Pumped Loop (MEC Prop No. 901LG2002)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll, Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $650,617.00
Abstract:
The goal of the Phase II effort is to optimize the desing of and demonstrate a low-lift heat pump thermal control system for spacecraft heat refection. This low-lift heat pump thermal control system will use an innovative magnetic-bearing centrifugalcompressor. The Phase II effort will result in… More

A Multi-Use, Low-Cost, Integrated, Conductivity/Temperature Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, Senior Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of Phase I was to demonstrate a prototype 1 kWdiesel generator that weighed less than 50 pounds. Mainstream'sfirst prototype satisfied this requirement early in Phase I. Asecond-generation prototype was then developed with reducedengine block size and weight. A third-generation… More

Hyperbaric Chamber Compressor for Treatment of Decompression Sickness

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Senior Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,377.00
Abstract:
NASA is currently developing an on-board hyperbaric chamber to treat decompression sickness in crewmembers during long-term space missions. However, they do not have a compressor that will operate in zero gravity to pressurize the chamber. The goal of this program is to develop a compact,… More

Software Cost and Schedule Estimating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The ability to safely detect fuel leaks, salt and water intrusion, charge, shock and temperature extremes in a missile canister is lacking. Normal methods used to determine a fuel leak, moisture, charge, or exposure to extreme temperatures and shockinside a missile canister are inadequate because… More

Development of a Non-Forgeable Handicapped Parking Placard

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,927.00
Abstract:
Unfortunately, forgery is becoming even more common in our world. Everyday, crooks forge money, identification cards, documents, drivers licenses, and even forge handicapped parking placards. This problem has gone too far. As a response to this problem, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)… More

Advanced Testing of Safe-Solvent Replacements for CFC-113 For Use in Cleaning of Oxygen Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll, Director of Engineering
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase II research is to perform advanced testing of second-generation solvent replacements used for cleaning hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon residues from oxygen systems. The advanced testing includes determining flammability,autogenous ignition temperature in oxygen, atmospheric… More

Advanced Testing of Safe-Solvent Replacements for CFC-113 For Use in Cleaning of Oxygen Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Lawrence Grzyll, Director of Engineering
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase II research is to perform advanced testing of second-generation solvent replacements used for cleaning hydrocarbon and fluorocarbon residues from oxygen systems. The advanced testing includes determining flammability,autogenous ignition temperature in oxygen, atmospheric… More

Nanofluid-Based Active Thermal Control System for Small Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Russ Davis, Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $64,891.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses topic BMDO 01-007, Thermal Management, of the DoD SBIR Solicitation 01.1. The recent development of nanofluids, or fluids consisting of a conventional heat transfer base with nanometer-sized oxide or metallic particles suspendedwithin, offers the exciting possibility of… More

Demonstration of Cryogenic Saturated Spray Electronics Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $64,999.00
Abstract:
One example where new cooling systems are required immediately is high power solid state phased array microwave transmitters. Used in military and commercial applications, including radar, electronic defense systems, and satellite communication data linksthese electronically scanned antennas are… More

Phase II Demonstration of a Compact Cryocooler

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Prseident
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has developed an innovative cryocooler design utilizing a multi-cascaded single-compressor vapor-compression system. We have demonstrated the potential of this configuration, and have identified a specific Army application.The Phase II effort is significant, in that a full scale… More

Phase II Demonstration of a Compact Cryocooler

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Prseident
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has developed an innovative cryocooler design utilizing a multi-cascaded single-compressor vapor-compression system. We have demonstrated the potential of this configuration, and have identified a specific Army application.The Phase II effort is significant, in that a full scale… More

The Development of High-Performance Working Fluids for Spacecraft Thermal Management Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R. Grzyll, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,908.00
Abstract:
"Future spacecraft military electronics will require two-phase thermal management systems to maintain appropriate operating temperatures. Thermal control systems such as heat pipes, pumped loops, heat pumps, etc. are systems being considered for thisapplication. In order for these thermal control… More

Demonstration of a Saturated Liquid Refrigerant Spray Cooling System for Laser Diode Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Next-generation laser diode arrays and solid-state lasers being developed for a variety of military and commercial applications, are rapidly becoming limited by their cooling systems. Improved high heat flux capabilities of the thermal management systemcan significantly improve device output… More

Environmental Control Subsystems for Hyperbaric Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Senior Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,993.00
Abstract:
NASA is currently developing an on-board hyperbaric chamber to treat decompression sickness during long-term space missions. The prototype pressure vessel is already complete and Mainstream is developing a pressurization subsystem that also addresses breathing gas delivery (oxygen generation)… More

Phase I Demonstration of a Heat Pump Loop Thermal Control System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Phase I will experimentally demonstrate the performance benefits of a Heat Pump Loop (HPL) Thermal Control Bus employing a unique working fluid which is not only non-toxic and environmentally-safe, but it will also survive the catalytic oxidizer on board spacecraft. Phase I will compare this unique… More

Demonstration of a Lightweight, Cooling Device for NBC Protective Clothing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Research Mechanical Engr.
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
"Protective ensembles worn by today's soldiers for chemical protection, small-arms protection, and environmental protection require cooling if the soldier is to be able to operate for extended periods of time in warm temperatures. Similar problems exist inthe commercial chemical, nuclear, and… More

Demonstration of an Autocascade Cryocooler for Rapid Cooldown of OASIS Towed Bodies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Lawrence R. Grzyll, Senior Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,899.00
Abstract:
"The goal of the Phase I effort is to demonstrate Mainstream's innovative multi-stage autocascade refrigeration technology as a portable, temporary cooling system that could interface with an Organic Airborne and Surface Influence Sweep (OASIS) towed bodyto quickly cool the system and decrease the… More

Demonstration of an Integrated Spray Cooling System for Solid-State, Phased Array Antennas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $749,956.00
Abstract:
Mainstream recently completed a highly successful Phase I project to demonstrate the benefits of spray cooling high-power microwave amplifiers (device-level) used in solid-state, phased array transmitters / receivers. Heat flux removal rates in excess of100 W/cm2 were achieved at wall superheats… More

Demonstration of Carbon Nanostructured Electrodes for High Energy Density Rechargeable Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Russell W. Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $68,565.00
Abstract:
The advent of carbon nanotechnology has now made rechargeable lithium-polymer batteries that meet mission target goals for the next generation of high energy density applications possible. Experiments performed to date have exhibited reversible capacitiesof lithium-polymer batteries with carbon… More

Performance Improvements of Spray Cooled GaN Microwave Amplifiers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corporation has already demonstrated the value of integrating a saturated liquid spray cooling system with high power GaAs microwave amplifiers in phased array transmitters. Optimized cooling systems can increase reliability by anorder of magnitude, improve efficiency by 30%,… More

Demonstration of a High Thermal Conductivity Cold Plate Material Using Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical En
Award Amount: $69,968.00
Abstract:
This proposal will demonstrate the development of a composite material containing aligned carbon nanotubes with thermal conductivity far in excess of traditional copper or aluminum. A unique process for fabricating the aligned carbon nanotubes will bedemonstrated in Phase I. Limited thermal… More

Demonstration of a High Thermal Conductivity Air Cooled Heat Sink using Carbon Nanotube Composite

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical En
Award Amount: $69,030.00
Abstract:
This proposal will demonstrate a composite material containing aligned carbon nanotubes with thermal conductivity far in excess of traditional copper or aluminum. A unique process for fabricating the aligned carbon nanotubes (CNT) into to a very highlyloaded CNT porous composite will be… More

Demonstration of a Saturated Liquid Refrigerant Spray Cooling System for Laser Diode Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $749,206.00
Abstract:
Industrial-sized, solid-state lasers can not be scaled up in power to meet the demands of future missile defense systems due to stringent thermal constraints. Existing water-based thermal management systems are undesirable due to the high freezing point of water and need for military systems to… More

Carbon Nanotube Gas Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,944.00
Abstract:
Sensing gas molecules is critical to environmental monitoring, control of chemical processes, space missions as well as agricultural and medical applications. Existing electrical sensor materials are based on semi-conducting metal oxides, silicon devices, organic materials and gas responsive… More

Demonstration of a Unique Nanotube-Based Arsenic Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Russell Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase I effort is to demonstrate an innovative nanotube sensor capable of identifying and quantifying the concentrations of arsenic in water using a unique, low-cost, and robust nanotube sensor configuration. This proposal will discuss bench top experiments already performed… More

Demonstration of a Portable Water Purification Device for the USMC

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Research Mechanical Engin
Award Amount: $69,944.00
Abstract:
A lightweight portable water purification device has been long sought by the US military. Mainstream has been hard at developing such a lightweight purification device since 1989, and has finally developed the configuration for a small portable device that will meet or exceed all the performance… More

Fabrication of High Conductivity Heat Pipes using Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Research Mechanical Engin
Award Amount: $69,996.00
Abstract:
This proposal will demonstrate the development of a composite material containing aligned carbon nanotubes with thermal conductivity far in excess of traditional copper or aluminum. A unique process for easily fabricating the aligned carbon nanotubes will be demonstrated in Phase I. This aligned… More

Demonstration of a Low-Pressure Water Turbine for Low-Temperature Waste Heat Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Mr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
75622-High-temperature heat, a by-product in many processes, is often used for heating or in combined cycles to produce additional power. Other processes, including microturbines, internal combustion engines, and fuel cells, also produce heat as a by-product, but this heat is often wasted because… More

Nanotube Enhanced Spray Cooling for Laser Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $98,845.00
Abstract:
Planned single-phase thermal management system designs for high average power solid state lasers will result in thermal systems that are 20x larger and 10x heavier than the laser itself. A two-phase thermal management system, based on Mainstream's patented spray cooling technology and… More

Radar Performance Improvements with Nanotube Enhanced Spray Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI?Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $99,839.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has already demonstrated that active cooling systems can be used to increase the output power and the power added efficiency of gallium arsenide (GaAs), high power amplifier (HPA), monolithic microwave integrated circuits (MMICs) by 36% and 14%, respectively. Now, Mainstream has… More

Dual Electric Starting System fo Heavy Duty Vehicles Cold - Starting: PhaseII

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Russell Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $691,444.00
Abstract:
Current lead-acid battery systems in military vehicles are increasingly unable to support the full array of onboard electrical sensors, to endure the stringent demands of "silent-watch" operation, and to maintain reliable cold weather vehicle starting required by 21st-century missions. In this… More

Dual Electric Starting System fo Heavy Duty Vehicles Cold

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Russell Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $119,997.00
Abstract:
The advent of advanced electrical generation technologies has finally led to the development of novel devices that meet mission target goals for the next generation of high power and high energy density applications. Current battery systems in military vehicles are becoming increasingly unable to… More

Carbon Nanotube-Based Ultracapacitors for High Pulse - Power Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Rensselaer Ploytechnic Institute
Principal Investigator: Russell Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
RI Contact: Nikhil Koratkar
Abstract:
Ultracapacitors are an emerging technology that have already found use in high pulse-power applications, being able to deliver tens or hundreds of kJ of energy over thousands of deep-discharge cycles from a package roughly a quarter cubic foot in size. Recently, Mainstream demonstrated a new… More

Development of a Compact Power Generation Turbine and Cooling System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $79,977.00
Abstract:
Military aircraft currently utilize an externally bladed ram air turbine to provide electrical power for military stores (pods). This current system has several disadvantages, first, an externally blade turbine located at the cone of the pod increases the aerodynamic drag of the aircraft. Second,… More

Demonstration of a Unique Nanotube-Based Arsenic Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Russell Davis, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $744,506.00
Abstract:
Arsenic contamination in water supplies poses a severe health risk to world-wide populations. The US EPA has recently lowered As water standards from 50 ppb to 10 ppb to address this risk. Many states, including California, either have passed or are soon to pass even stricter regulations. … More

Demonstration of an Integrated Solar-Powered Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $119,517.00
Abstract:
The Army has included provisions for Preplanned Product Improvement in the Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System (MTRCS) Operational Requirements Document calling for innovations such as alternative energy sources. As the price of photovoltaic power decreases, new opportunities for its… More

Demonstration of a Self-Heating Self-Hydrating Combat Ration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,719.00
Abstract:
A need exists to provide the individual Warfighter with hot beverages and ration components that can be heated while on the move. The current Flameless Ration Heater (FRH) provides an acceptable means for heating prepackaged shelf-stable foods that are already hydrated. However, it is inadequate… More

Demonstration and Optimization of a Self-Contained PSS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, PI/Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,998.00
Abstract:
The military has an on-going need to post troops for long periods of time in austere and remote world-wide where power and clean water are difficult to obtain. At these locations, there is still the need to disinfect and sterilize medical or dental instruments where autoclaves are not possible to… More

Optimization, Design and Fabrication of a Prototype 5-Ton ECU Using Hydrocarbon Refrigerants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,880.00
Abstract:
Mainstream has a long history of investigating the use of hydrocarbon refrigerants in heat pumps and air conditioners. Experimental data has demonstrated the performance of some hydrocarbon refrigerants to be about 7% better than R-410A and 10% better than HCFC-22. Experiments have also… More

Coating Solutions For Corrosion Inhibition and CW Agent Decon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, PI/Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,791.00
Abstract:
Many Chemical Warfare (CW) agents can cause undetectable corrosion problems that accumulate over time to significant maintenance and repair problems, or catastrophic failures. In addition to the CW threat, the decontaminating agents that are used for detoxifying the surface-borne toxic CW-agents… More

Non-Toxic, Non-flammable, Low FP Heat Exchanger Fluids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back
Award Amount: $67,298.00
Abstract:
This proposed research addresses NASA 2004-1 SBIR Topic B3.01, "Environmental Control of Spacecraft Cabin Atmosphere." The objective of this proposed effort is to demonstrate the freeze/thaw properties and fault tolerance of a water pump loop using an environmentally-friendly, non-toxic, drop-in… More

Demonstration of an Integrated Solar-Powered Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer
Award Amount: $729,650.00
Abstract:
The Army has included provisions for Preplanned Product Improvement in the Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System (MTRCS) Operational Requirements Document calling for innovations such as alternative energy sources. As the price of photovoltaic power decreases, new opportunities for its… More

Advanced Ram Air Driven Power and Cooling Unit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $885,306.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corporation has successfully determined that a small, compact Ram Air Turbine can be internally located in the central section of military stores (pods). This Ram Air Turbine will generate the electrical power, and cooling capacity demanded by the Navy's advanced technology… More

Development of a Modular Lightweight Environmental Control Unit Using a Hydrocarbon Refrigerant (HECU)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Engineer
Award Amount: $748,896.00
Abstract:
The Phase I was highly successful and included the design, building and testing of a 5-ton Hydrocarbon refrigerant ECU (HECU). The Coefficient of Performance in Cooling (COPc) of the HECU was demonstrated to be 6% better than an otherwise identical system using HFC-410A and 25% better than the… More

Demonstration of an Integrated Cooling Scheme for Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Transmitters in Airborne Tactical Jamming Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $79,658.00
Abstract:
The Navy is currently seeking innovative technologies to "combine existing high power RF technologies with the latest advances in cooling methods." for next-generation electronic attack tactical jamming systems. The current inventory of airborne tactical jamming systems consist of multiple… More

A New Wick Structure to Significantly Improve Heat Pipe Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,911.00
Abstract:
Increasing thermal requirements for space-based thermal control systems are straining the capabilities of conventional heat pipes. Mainstream has experimentally demonstrated a new wick configuration that has been shown to more than triple the heat transport capacity of an otherwise identical… More

Nanotube Adsorption for the Capture and Re-liquefaction of Hydrogen Biol-Off During Tanker Transfer Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,915.00
Abstract:
This proposal discloses an innovative, economically feasible technique to capture and re-liquefy the hydrogen boil-off by using carbon nanotube adsorption prior to liquefaction. The hydrogen boil- off involves an average of 10,300 SCFM of hydrogen vapor at pressures below 17 psia for a period of an… More

Development of an Anti-Vibration Controller for Magnetic Bearing Cooling Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Daniel K. Mason, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,895.00
Abstract:
This proposal outlines a program to develop a vibration-free reverse-Brayton cycle cooling system using specially-tuned magnetic bearings. Such a system is critical for the level of sensitivity required by future electromagnetic and gravitational wave detectors. The nature of magnetic bearings and… More

Nano-Enhanced Hydrogen Storage Media for Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Dwight D. Back, PI/Engineer
Award Amount: $99,882.00
Abstract:
Many current DoD systems use battery technologies that require extended mission capabilities with reduced volumetric and gravimetric impact. OSD is interested in developing manufacturable technologies with improved volumetric and gravimetric storage densities for hydrogen. Specific design goals are… More

Demonstration of Drag Reduction Using Nanotube Coated Hydrophobic Surfaces

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: STANFORD UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Michael Curbirth, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $69,916.00
RI Contact: Godfrey Mungal
Abstract:
With higher fuel costs and desire for ehanced performance, new techniques for improving efficiencies in marine propulsion are required. The reduction of the viscous drag is one such technique. Various active and passive measures have been extensively researched with mixed results for total energy… More

Non-Toxic, Low Freezing, Drop-in Replacement Heat Transfer Fluids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Michael Rizzo, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,869.00
Abstract:
Drop-in heat transfer fluids replacements for ITCS and EVA suits were down-selected and characterized in Phase I for various metrics including density, heat capacity, viscosity, freezing point, freezing expansion, toxicity, NFPA rating, flash point, materials compatibility, heat transfer… More

Nanostructured Composites for Space-Bound Housings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Meyer, Mr.
Award Amount: $99,946.00
Abstract:
In satellites designed to monitor nuclear explosions, current electromechanical housings are fabricated from aluminum, which is much heavier than composite materials. Because it costs approximately $10,000 per pound to put an object into space, weight is critical. However, even with the obvious… More

Demonstration of Silicon/Carbon Nanostructured Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: Universities Research Association
Principal Investigator: Russell W. Davis, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,933.00
RI Contact: Randy L. Vander Wal
Abstract:
The energy generation and storage for modern-day sensor networks, communications, and electronics presents a variety of unique challenges. To achieve the long-duration missions away from Earth as outlined in the Vision for Human Exploration in Space, these energy storage systems will need to… More

SBIR Phase I: Innovative Two-Phase High-Heat-Flox Heat Exchanger

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Mr
Award Amount: $99,917.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I research project amis to experimentally validate the theory that similar heat exchangers can produce saturated two-phase flows with superior heat transfer. Initial experiments confirm that metastable two-phase fluids can produce heat transfer… More

Demonstration of a Compact Miniature Desalinator for a One-Man Survival Kit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,954.00
Abstract:
A lightweight portable water purification device has been long sought by the US military for use in survival kits. Mainstream has been working hard at developing such a lightweight purification device since 1989, and has finally developed the configuration for a small portable device that will meet… More

Optimization and Demonstration of a CNT-Based Sensor for Water Borne Arsenic

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Lisa J. Patton
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mainstream's prior research has already demonstrated a highly-sensitive real-time carbon nanotube (CNT) sensor for the detection of water-borne arsenic and a determination of the arsenic concentration. This Phase I conc entrates on extending and improving the… More

Temperature Controlled Human Remains Transfer Case

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. P. Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,814.00
Abstract:
The Vietnam-era solution of packing 40-60 pounds of ice in an aluminum transfer case to maintain temperatures inside a human remains case is still being utilized. This method offers essentially no temperature control or assurance that the remains are properly preserved during transportation. This… More

Development of a Small Multi-fuel Capability APU for Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Chris Mento, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $67,392.00
Abstract:
The Army is currently interested in obtaining small engines that are lightweight, reliable, durable, fuel efficient, and low cost for many applications. One application of this small engine technology is for use as an auxiliary power unit (APU) for the Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker vehicles. The APU… More

Integration, Optimization, and Validation of Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for 100-kW Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, PI/Dir. of Engineering
Award Amount: $69,991.00
Abstract:
Oxygen-enriched air has been used in the past to enhance combustion in burners (e.g. for Stirling engines and thermophotovoltaics). The same technology can be extended to internal combustion engines providing potential benefits that include; cold start operation, emissions control, combustion… More

Development of an Advanced Cooling System for Motors and Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, PI/ Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,437.00
Abstract:
Typical cooling systems for high power density system include forced air or liquid convection. Problems associated with these single-phase cooling systems are the large thermal gradients that develop along the length of motor and generator stators. These large thermal gradients lead to inefficient… More

Demonstration of Non-Line-of-Sight TBC

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, PI/Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $79,767.00
Abstract:
Advances in turbine materials resulting in high strength and lightweight metallic and ceramic components have allowed for high efficiency, high power density, compactness, and low emissions. Current technology turbine blades are comprised of single crystal nickel superalloys in combination with… More

Experimental Validation of a 50-kW Thermal Management System for High Power Density Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, PI/Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
OSD is currently seeking compact and lightweight thermal management systems (TMS) for airborne and ground-based high-power electronics (HPE), high-energy laser (HEL), and directed energy weapons (DEW) systems that are capable of dissipating extremely high heat fluxes at temperatures potentially… More

Demonstration of Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Nanofluids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, PI/Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,803.00
Abstract:
Historically, plate-fin heat exchangers with heat transfer fluids such as poly f-olefin have been used for the majority of heat removal and heat transfer within advanced military aircraft. However, with the continual increases in thermal loads due to advancements such as high-powered solid-state… More

High Efficiency, Integrated Self Sufficient Tent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: R. P. Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,676.00
Abstract:
Deployed Basic Expeditionary Airfield Resource (BEAR) bases not only require tent power to operate equipment, but also to provide environmental control since they are often located in regions having extreme ambient conditions. Environmental control for current Air Force BEAR bases is supplied by… More

Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient, Low-Noise Combined Electric Power and Cooling Cogeneration system for Shelters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Mechanical Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,909.00
Abstract:
Mainstream is ideally suited for this proposed effort with more than 20 years of experience in the development of advanced environmental control units and more than 15 years of experience in the development of JP-8-fueled generators. This proposal contains a detailed analysis of power generation and… More

Demonstration of a Practical Low-Energy-Consumption Dehumidification Device for Shipping Containers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,980.00
Abstract:
The thrust of this proposal is to use Mainstream's proposed concept for a VC-QuaDD dehumidifier to demonstrate an innovative low-power compact dehumidification design that can be powered from alternative energy power sources including solar, wind, and even internal battery power, as well as… More

Revolutionary Quick Chill Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R. P. Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,987.00
Abstract:
Keeping vending machines on a Naval ship filled with soda can be very time consuming as a result of the distance from the storerooms to the vending machines, lack of transportation aids, and the high per capita consumption rate of those onboard the ship. As manpower needs increase, devoting large… More

Demonstration of an Integrated Cooling Scheme for Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Transmitters in Airborne Tactical Jamming Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI/Engineering Director
Award Amount: $598,766.00
Abstract:
The Navy is currently seeking innovative technologies to "combine existing high power RF technologies with the latest advances in cooling methods." for next-generation electronic attack tactical jamming systems. For the Phase I effort, Mainstream performed a detailed assessment of… More

Vibration-Free Cooling Cycle Pump for Space Vehicles and Habitats

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Daniel K. Mason, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,713.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corporation completed the design of a high-speed pump for International Space Station (ISS) Environmental Control and Life Support Systems and future spacecraft and extraterrestrial outpost applications. Specifications for this pump were derived from an existing pump… More

Demonstration of a Compact Miniature Desalinator for a One-Man Survival Kit

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical En
Award Amount: $749,975.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corporation successfully demonstrated a compact, lightweight, hand-powered miniature seawater desalinator that meets or exceeds all of the Air Force's current requirements and is significantly smaller and lighter than the existing MROD-06 unit. Mainstream's Survival Water… More

Demonstration of a Self-Heating Self-Hydrating Combat Ration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Research Mechanical En
Award Amount: $729,590.00
Abstract:
A need exists to provide the individual Warfighter with hot beverages and ration components that can be heated while on the move. The current Flameless Ration Heater (FRH) provides an acceptable means for heating prepackaged shelf-stable foods that are already hydrated. However, it is inadequate… More

Revolutionary Quick Chill Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R. P. Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $599,159.00
Abstract:
Keeping vending machines on a Naval ship filled with soda can be very time consuming as a result of the distance from the storerooms to the vending machines, lack of transportation aids, and the high per capita consumption rate of those onboard the ship. As manpower needs increase, devoting large… More

Demonstration of a Plug and Play Approach to Satellite Thermal Control System Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,961.00
Abstract:
Mainstream is proposing a methodology to reduce the development time and cost, and improve the reliability of future thermal control systems for the next decade of deep space missions by utilizing a Plug-and-Play (PnP) thermal control strategy. A unique modular thermal control approach is… More

Experimental Validation of a 50-kW Thermal Management System for High Power Density Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, Engineer
Award Amount: $749,013.00
Abstract:
OSD is currently seeking compact and lightweight thermal management systems (TMS) for airborne and ground-based high-power microwave (HPM), high-energy laser (HEL), and directed energy weapons (DEW) systems that are capable of dissipating extremely high heat fluxes at temperatures potentially below… More

Nanostructured Composites for Space-Bound Housings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: John Meyer, Mr
Award Amount: $749,963.00
Abstract:
Current satellites used to monitor nuclear explosions carry excessive weight, and successful weight reduction would result in decreased launch costs and increased maneuverability in space. This project will develop nanostructured carbon composites to substitute for existing metals without… More

STTR Phase I: Demonstration of Enhanced Corrosion Resistance using a Nano-composite Thermal Barrier Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: USRA
Principal Investigator: Michael M. Cutbirth, Dr
Award Amount: $149,977.00
RI Contact: Randy L. VanderWal
Abstract:
This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project will experimentally validate the theory that inclusion of nanostructures within the Thermal Barrier Coatings (TBC) will enhance the resistance to hot corrosion by increasing the fracture strength of the ceramic thereby inhibiting grain… More

Nano-Structure Enhanced Microfluidics Device for Spot Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, PI/Engineering Director
Award Amount: $119,905.00
Abstract:
The Army is currently seeking advanced thermal management technologies for cooling localized hot spots in military vehicular power electronics. Electrowetting microfluidic devices provide highly-efficient discrete cooling with nano-liter volumes of fluid. The microdroplet is typically sandwiched… More

A Portable Fluidized-Bed Reactor for Flash Pyrolysis of Landfill Waste

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/Sr. Engineer
Award Amount: $99,894.00
Abstract:
The Main Base Landfill at Edwards Air Force Base will reach full capacity by no later than 2017, and many other landfills across the country are facing the same situation. Waste streams need to be redirected to extend the lives of these facilities. We propose to develop a portable, flash-pyrolysis,… More

Experimental Demonstration of an Improved Cryocooler Configuration to Lower the Gimbaled Mass and Volume for Infrared Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,942.00
Abstract:
The objective of this effort is to reduce the weight of the cryocooler system, improve the efficiency of the cryocooler system, provide multiple cryocooler temperatures, and improve the configuration of the gimbaled flexible joint. At first glance, this set of claims seems incredibly ambitious;… More

Demonstration of a High Energy Density Phase-Change Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer
Award Amount: $99,960.00
Abstract:
The objective of this effort is to demonstrate an innovative phase-change thermal storage system that can exceed the 1000 kJ/kg and 180 MJ/m3 thermal storage objective sought in the SBIR topic description. This Phase I effort will address a current need of the airframe system integrators for a… More

An Active Thermal Control System for Extreme Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,918.00
Abstract:
Venus retains many secrets pertaining to its formation and evolution. NASA is interested in expanding its ability to explore the deep atmosphere and surface of Venus through the use of long-lived balloons and landers. Survivability in extreme high temperatures and high pressures is also required… More

Software-Defined Universal Battery Charger and Eliminator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James Bontempo, PI/Electrical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,789.00
Abstract:
The United States Marine Corps have adopted Distributed Operations as an effective way to fight the Global War on Terrorism. Electronic devices enable Distributed Operations by connecting squads to each other and to their commanders. However, as the suite of electronic devices that is taken into… More

Characterization of Highly Loaded Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: UNIVERSITIES SPACE RESEARCH ASSOC.
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, PI/ Sr. Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,933.00
RI Contact: Randy VanderWal
Abstract:
Since the advent of production-grade methods for producing single-walled (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), research has been conducted to utilize the extraordinary properties of these nanoscale cylindrical fullerenes. Tensile strength of an individual MWCNT has been observed as… More

Demonstration of a Modular Reconfigurable Thermal Management System for SIGINT/EW Power Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, PI/Director of Engineering
Award Amount: $69,959.00
Abstract:
As Army signal intelligence (SIGINT) and electronic warfare (EW) continue to evolve, significant improvements in thermal technologies at the device level have provided higher heat flux dissipation. System integrators are hesitant to utilize these advanced cooling technologies because they require… More

Implementation of Unit Injectors in Small, Heavy Fuel Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Chris Mento, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,818.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Defense is currently interested in obtaining small engines that are lightweight, reliable, durable, fuel efficient, and low cost for many applications. Some of these applications include providing propulsion and power generation for small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS),… More

A Nanotechnology-Based Hydrogen Generator for a Compact Fuel Cell Power System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF WASHINGTON
Principal Investigator: Alan Brothers, PI/Sr. Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $99,823.00
RI Contact: Gouzhong Cao
Abstract:
Advances in microelectronics technology have digitized the modern battlefield by enabling night vision, global positioning, laser range-finding/targeting, digital communications, and advanced sensing. As these powerful new battlefield technologies emerge and mature, the need for compact, efficient,… More

Development of a Fuel Injection System for Very Small Internal Combustion Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,231.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Defense is currently seeking micro fuel injection (FI) systems for very small, heavy-fuel internal combustion engines (ICEs). These small engines are required for lightweight, low volume applications such as unmanned aircraft systems, unmanned ground systems, and unmanned… More

Development of a Supercharger for Small, Heavy Fuel Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Mason, Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,976.00
Abstract:
The OSD is seeking devices to increase the intake air flow and pressure to small engines in order to increase their power density and fuel efficiency, specifically for unmanned applications. Such unmanned systems require high efficiency and highly reliable power sources operating at near continuous… More

SBIR Phase II: Innovative Two-Phase High-Heat-Flux Heat Exchanger

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, MS
Award Amount: $469,109.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project aims to demonstrate an innovative multi-phase-fluid heat exchanger capable of revolutionizing heat transfer for high-heat-flux cooling applications. Initial experiments confirmed that metastable two-phase fluids can produce heat… More

A Biogas - Tolerant Engine - Generator for Advanced Agricultural Waste Management Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Paul E. Yelvington, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $79,999.00
Abstract:
Anaerobic digesters are capable of producing methane-rich biogas from animal manure and also offer the advantages of controlling odors, reducing pathogens, and minimizing the environmental impact of the waste. The biogas produced from anaerobic digesters is a renewable, distributed source of energy… More

Demonstration of Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Nanofluids

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $748,373.00
Abstract:
Historically, plate-fin heat exchangers with heat transfer fluids such as poly f-olefin have been used for the majority of heat removal and heat transfer within advanced military aircraft. However, with the continual increases in thermal loads due to advancements such as high-powered solid-state… More

High Efficiency, Integrated Self Sufficient Tent

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $749,852.00
Abstract:
The proposed Phase II program is the continuation of an extremely successful Phase I contract, during which all of the objectives where achieved. In Phase I, Mainstream verified feasibility, size, low-noise operation, and operational cost savings of the proposed Self Sufficient Tent System. … More

Demonstration of Thermal Improvements Using Nanofluids for Industrial Exchangers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael Cutbirth, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,957.00
Abstract:
In electrical utilities and many process industries, improved heat transfer by heat exchangers offers great potential for improving process energy efficiency. To improve the heat transfer within the heat exchangers, one of two scenarios must be considered. The first is to modify the heat exchanger… More

Development and Demonstration of a Corrosion and Microbial Resistant Near-Fictionless Duct Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Joshua D. Sole, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,948.00
Abstract:
Reduced duct friction and improved fan technology can significantly increase maximum airflow in ducts. More specifically, the Navy desires a doubling of maximum airflow in shipboard HVAC systems. It is shown in this proposal that reduced duct friction al

Demonstration of a Rapidly Configurable Modular Isothermal Thermal Control System, for Operationally Responsive Space Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, President
Award Amount: $99,974.00
Abstract:
This proposal discusses a scalable modular ORS Thermal Control approach that can provide flexible, lightweight, compact, thermal control systems. This effort will demonstrate that a thermal control system can be configured and assembled in days instead of years. Phase I will demonstrate the critical… More

Development of a Reliable Vapor-Compression thermal Management System for Airborne Applications with Steady and Transient Operation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,807.00
Abstract:
Cooling requirements associated with ongoing developments in aircraft technology have exceeded the capabilities of existing thermal management architectures. In recent studies, vapor-compression systems have shown potential to meet these requirements through two-phase heat transfer and capabilities… More

Development of a Small Multi-Fuel Capable APU for Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Christopher A. Mento, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $728,297.00
Abstract:
In the Phase I effort, Mainstream has addressed the need for a separate auxiliary power unit (APU) for military ground vehicles by designing a naturally-aspirated, 2-cylinder, 0.726-L diesel engine coupled with an alternator that meets the strict requirements for Abrams, Bradley, and Stryker… More

Temperature Controlled Human Remains Transfer Case

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. Paul Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $729,108.00
Abstract:
The Vietnam-era solution of packing 40-60 pounds of ice inside an aluminum transfer case in an attempt to maintain human remains at a proper storage temperature (to avoid cellular decomposition) is still being used. This method offers no temperature control or assurance that the remains are… More

Nano-Structure Enhanced Microfluidics Device for Spot Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: David Sykes, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $729,175.00
Abstract:
In the Phase I effort, Mainstream made significant improvements to the hydrophobic layer that is incorporated into a digital microfluidics device. A design for a test digital microfluidics device was also completed in the Phase I effort. In the proposed effort, the improved hydrophobic layer will… More

Sub-zero Temperature, Small Form Factor, CO Oxidation Reactor for Decontamination of Pilot's Oxygen

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $79,908.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the Navy's desire for CO mitigation in the breathing oxygen supplied to aviators. The current onboard oxygen generation system (OBOGS) is ineffective at removing CO from the pilot's oxygen supply during the take-off procession when the OBOGS is operating at low pressure and… More

Development of a Simulation based Design for an Opposed Piston Linear Free Piston Generator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: David Sykes, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $98,986.00
Abstract:
Electrical power generation has been typically done with large gas turbines or reciprocating engines (otto or diesel cycle). However, these mature technologies cannot deliver both modularity as well as a high power density. Mainstream proposes a different type of engine that has the promise of… More

Novel Thermite Composites for Precision Reactive Munitions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Alan H. Brothers, Manager, Sensing & Monito
Award Amount: $99,222.00
Abstract:
Mainstream will produce and test coupons of a novel reactive composite material designed to reduce the size and weight of modern munitions, and thereby improve mobility and precision, without sacrificing offensive power. This composite, based on unique component materials, will offer lower density,… More

Low Power, Compact Aircraft Thermal Management System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: R. Paul Roth, President
Award Amount: $99,759.00
Abstract:
Avionics electronics operating in high temperature ambient conditions have significantly decreased reliability and lifetime. The standard rule-of-thumb is to halve the life of an electronic device for every 10 >XC (18 >XF) increase in temperature. As aircraft electronics becomes increasingly complex… More

Food Waste Remediation for Field Kitchens by Hydrothermal Liquefaction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dustin J. Zastrow, PI/Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,977.00
Abstract:
Studies have shown that solid waste is generated at a rate of 3-4 lbs per person per day for base camp operations. A typical maneuver battalion of 550 soldiers will produce about 2000 lbs of waste per day. Much of this waste is food waste, with high water content and low energy content. We… More

Development of an Active Submersible Thermal Protection System for Hot/Cold Water Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,994.00
Abstract:
Current submersible thermal protection technology is not capable of meeting the requirements of very cold water or hot water operations in a Shallow Water Combat Submersible. Thermal protection equipment for divers in these situations will be expected to operate for durations in excess of 8 hours in… More

A Portable Fluidized-Bed Reactor for Flash Pyrolysis of Landfill Waste

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $744,895.00
Abstract:
The Main Base Landfill at Edwards Air Force Base will reach full capacity by no later than 2017, and many other landfills across the country are facing the same situation. Waste streams need to be redirected to extend the lives of these facilities. In Phase I, Mainstream successfully demonstrated… More

Integration, Optimization, and Validation of Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for 100-kW Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $729,684.00
Abstract:
Reducing battlespace fuel demand will improve our Armed Force's operational capability and contribute to mission success. During wartime, the majority of the fuel consumed by the Army is used to power mobile gen-sets, so increasing the efficiency of these

Temperature Controlled Human Remains Transfer Case

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: R. P. Roth, PI/Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $1,235,785.00
Abstract:
The Vietnam-era solution of packing 4060 pounds of ice inside an aluminum transfer case in an attempt to maintain human remains at a proper storage temperature (to avoid cellular decomposition) is still being used. This method offers no temperature control or assurance that the remains are properly… More

A Fast-Response, Electronically Controlled Fuel Injection System for Small Heavy Fuel Engines with Multi-Fuel Capabilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Wisconsin
Principal Investigator: Joesph Homitz, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,458.00
RI Contact: Jaal Ghandi
Abstract:
Advances in electronically controlled injection technologies for diesel engines have provided a method to improve medium- to heavy-duty engine performance through increased injection pressures, multiple injections, and injection rate shaping. Although these injection systems have been primarily… More

Innovative Passive Magnetic Thrust Bearings for High-Speed Turbomachinery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Florida Institue of Technology
Principal Investigator: Thomas Lasko, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,992.00
RI Contact: Razvan Rusovici
Abstract:
In miniature gas turbines for UAV applications, traditional bearings exhibit a typical lifetime of only 25 hours due to excessive axial loading. Mainstream proposes to use a passive, permanent magnet thrust bearing to alleviate this problem and increase service life to over 1000 hours. Since this… More

Demonstration of a JP-8 Powered Compact ECU

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: Florida Institute of Technology
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Reserach Engineer
Award Amount: $99,954.00
RI Contact: John P. Politano, Jr.
Abstract:
Military shelters currently use electrically driven Environmental Control Units (ECUs) to provide cooling for the air inside the shelter. The ECU is vapor compression cycle powered by a diesel generator, operating on JP-8 fuel. Other than fueling jet engines, the largest drain on U.S. military fuel… More

Field Evaluated, Human-Baited Tent Traps with Novel Design Features to Increase Mosquito Collection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Janelle M. Messmer, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $99,995.00
Abstract:
Historically, more troops sent into battle are taken out of action by insect-borne diseases than are injured in combat, according to the Department of the Defense. In order to minimize the threat of insect-borne disease, military entomological units require an efficient collection device for… More

Nickel-Based Amorphous Metal Membranes for Water Gas Shift Reactors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: University of Central Florida
Principal Investigator: Alan Brothers, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,986.00
RI Contact: Mandy Wilcox
Abstract:
Hydrogen produced today from coal, natural gas, or biomass must be separated and purified outside the reactors using pressure swing absorption (PSA), a process that requires significant additional space and energy. Placing hydrogen-permeable membranes inside the reactors themselves would allow… More

Electroless Nickel-Boron Coating for Enhanced Engine Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Adam Grisdale, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,959.00
Abstract:
Current engines used in UAVf?Ts are useful but they are lacking in efficiency and power. A significant amount of power and efficiency loss can be traced back to losses found in the combustion chamber/hot section of the engine. The best solution is one that does not require extensive fabrication to… More

Development of 60 kW Prime Power Generating System for the Next Generation Jammer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $749,925.00
Abstract:
Mainstream previously demonstrated a breadboard Prime Power Generation (PPG) subsystem, including ram air turbine, alternator, and ducting mounted in a 480-gallon drop tank. The demonstration was performed in a wind tunnel at sea-level conditions. The original SBIR Phase II design flight condition… More

Software-Defined Universal Battery Charger and Eliminator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, PI/Director of Engineerin – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $749,272.00
Abstract:
Distributed Operations in Iraq and Afghanistan has shown that Marines need a better way to manage batteries. In response, the Marines have implemented a policy that stresses the use of rechargeable batteries. Currently fielded battery chargers can charge a wide range of batteries, but they require a… More

Development of a Thermal Management System for Tactical Airborne High Power Laser Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee
Award Amount: $149,745.00
Abstract:
Current aircraft thermal management systems are not capable of dissipating high-heat-flux thermal loads or transporting and rejecting overall thermal loads on the order of those associated with tactical lasers. Beyond overcoming limitations of existing systems, the developmental system must meet… More

Stable, Premixed-Charge Compression-Ignition (PCCI) Engine Using Real-Time Combustion Feedback

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/Sr. Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,986.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a Pressure-Feedback, Premixed-Charge Compression-Ignition (PF-PCCI) retrofit kit for military diesel engines. PCCI combustion uses extremely early injection under certain load/speed points to dramatically improve combustion efficiency and reduce… More

Demonstration of Rapid Waste Reduction from Ships Using Hydrothermal Liquefaction and Compaction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dustin Zastrow, PI/Chemical Engineer
Award Amount: $69,880.00
Abstract:
Waste management on ships is an important yet difficult task because as waste is generated by day to day processes, it accumulates and occupies valuable space aboard vessels. The waste consists of a wide variety of organic and inorganic constituents, some of which are high in water content such as… More

Zero Leakage Rotary Union for Gaseous Cryogen Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Clayton Hose, PI/Mechanical Engineer
Award Amount: $79,962.00
Abstract:
Advances in naval weapon and propulsion technology are requiring large increases in power production. New technologies to meet these greater power demands has lead to advanced high speed, high power density electrical generators on-board naval vessels, which require active cooling of generator… More

Recovery Act - Phase Change Slurries for Residential Thermal Energy Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James Cutbirth, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,979.00
Abstract:
Currently, refrigeration and air conditioning in buildings account for approximately 8.5 quads of U.S. primary energy conception of which the primary consumption occurs with the refrigeration compressor. To alleviate this demand, thermal energy storage (TES) systems can be utilized to shift thermal… More

Recovery Act - Web-Based, Plug & Play, Wireless Remote Monitoring, Diagnostic and System Health Prediction System for Residential AC and Heat Pump Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,656.00
Abstract:
In a typical residential home (or small commercial building), one of the largest sources of energy consumption is the Air Conditioning or heat pump system (AC). If the AC is operating with degraded efficiency, a homeowner may be unaware of the equipment problem because the house is still cool (AC… More

Recovery Act - Organic Rankine Cycle Waste Heat Recovery System Utilizing an Environmentally-Sustainable Working Fluid

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,956.00
Abstract:
Over the last decade a new breed of power generation equipment, targeted at smaller commercial-size energy users, has emerged. These systems which include microturbines, PEM fuel cells, and phosphoric acid fuel cells along with traditional internal combustion engine-driven generators produce waste… More

Recovery Act - Development of Composite Refractory Materials with Radiant Barriers to Improve the Thermal Efficiency of Kiln Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Alan Brothers, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,938.00
Abstract:
Cement manufacturing processes run at an average 34% efficiency. With rising fuel costs and stricter laws on plant emissions, cement manufacturers need to operate more efficiently. Due to the sheer size of the cement industry, small improvements in efficiency have drastic results on the global… More

Protective Suit Environmental Control System for CBRN, Hazardous and Emergency Responder Applications (PSECS)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joe Homitz, PI/Engineer
Award Amount: $68,199.00
Abstract:
Current microclimate system technology is not capable of meeting the Navy's requirements for cooling capacity, volume, weight, or dehumidification. For these systems to be successful, they must only require resources that are readily available and must not add excessive bulk to the items a soldier… More

Development of a Thermal Management System for Tactical Airborne High Power Laser Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joe Homitz, PI/Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $499,946.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Navy is seeking a thermal management solution for the development of an advanced airborne tactical laser. Current aircraft thermal management systems are not capable of dissipating high-heat-flux thermal loads or transporting and rejecting overall thermal loads on the order of those… More

A Biogas-Tolerant Engine-Generator for Advanced Agricultural Waste Management Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Paul E. Yelvington, null
Award Amount: $399,733.00
Abstract:
Anaerobic digesters are capable of producing methane-rich biogas from animal manure and also offer the advantages of controlling odors, reducing pathogens, and minimizing the environmental impact of the waste. The biogas produced from anaerobic digesters is a renewable, distributed source of energy… More

Development of an Active, Man-Portable, Cooling System with Dehumidification Capabilities for Personal Protective Clothing/Equipment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,907.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Energy is currently seeking technologies that can decrease the weight and thermal insulation associated with personal protective clothing/equipment (PPC/PPE). The call for this technology has stemmed from the poor working conditions associated with workers in contaminated… More

Recovery Act - Web-Based, Plug & Play, Wireless Remote Monitoring, Diagnostic and System Health Prediction System for Residential AC and Heat Pump Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, Dr.
Award Amount: $999,609.00
Abstract:
In a typical residential home (or small commercial building), one of the largest sources of energy consumption is the air conditioning or heat pump system (AC). If the AC is operating with degraded efficiency, a homeowner may be unaware of the equipment problem because the house is still cool (AC… More

Recovery Act - Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage for Residential Units

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James Cutbirth, Dr.
Award Amount: $999,938.00
Abstract:
As stated by DOE,

Demonstration of a Low-Cost Vehicle Monitoring System for Tractor Trailers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, President – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,756.70
Abstract:
Mainstream has been developing a unique wireless Vehicle Monitoring System (VMS). As discussed in this proposal, prior internally funded efforts have already demonstrated key elements of this decentralized, low-cost, and easy-to-install system. This proposal also contains the results of extensive… More

Demonstration of a Passive Thermal Management System for Cooling Electronics in Extreme Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,907.00
Abstract:
Extended operation of exploratory systems on the surface of planets like Venus, means that techniques to cool system electronics to essentially room temperature (30ºC) while the ambient temperature is over 470ºC must be developed and demonstrated. This proposal discloses a patent-pending… More

Development of an Active, Man-Portable, Cooling System with Dehumidification Capabilities for Personal Protective Clothing/Equipment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, Dr.
Award Amount: $998,205.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Energy is currently seeking technologies that can decrease the weight and thermal insulation associated with personal protective clothing/equipment (PPC/PPE). The call for this technology has stemmed from the poor working conditions associated with workers in contaminated… More

Ultra-High Surface Area Architecture for Thermal Energy Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, Sr. Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,951.00
RI Contact: Roslyn Heath
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The Air Force is currently seeking improvements in capacity and responsiveness of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) systems. Current research and development with Phase Change Materials (PCM) in carbon foam and pelletization of metal (i.e. copper) encapsulated metal hydrides seek to overcome… More

Scalable Templated Growth of Catalytic Nanostructure Arrays with Tunable Dimensions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Justin J. Hill, Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,991.00
RI Contact: Kirk J. Ziegler
Abstract:
This proposal outlines a scalable, low-cost method for the addressable fabrication of arrayed nanostructures that are fabricated directly on conductive, semiconductive or non-conductive supports. The method and techniques involved have already been demonstrated and extensively investigated by the PI… More

Innovative Passive Magnetic Thrust Bearings for High-Speed Turbomachinery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Colorado at Boulder
Principal Investigator: Thomas Lasko, PI/Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $749,696.00
RI Contact: Ryan Starkey
Abstract:
In miniature gas turbines for UAV applications, traditional bearings exhibit a typical lifetime of only 25 hours due to excessive axial loading. Mainstream proposed a passive permanent magnet thrust bearing to alleviate this problem and increase service life to over 1000 hours. Since this type of… More

Hybrid Absorption/Vapor-Compression System for Shelter Air Conditioning

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: University of Maryland
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $749,982.00
RI Contact: Reinhard Radermacher
Abstract:
Unnecessarily high battlespace fuel consumption degrades operational capability, increases force balance problems, exposes refueling convoys to high risk, and increases operating and support costs. Currently, military shelters are cooled by vapor compression air conditioners powered by diesel… More

Vapor-Liquid pump for Mixed Phase Refrigerant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jerald Wagner, PI/ Sr. Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,896.00
Abstract:
Current refrigerant pumping technology lacks the ability to circulate a liquid-vapor mixture with substantial flow resistance, which impedes development and implementation of two-phase cooling technology. Common pump designs will hydro-lock and mechanically fail instantly or suffer performance loss… More

Advanced Microscale Cooling Technologies for Satellite IC Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: David M. Sykes, Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,164.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Mainstream Engineering Corporation (Mainstream) will create a distributed cooling system based on advanced microscale cooling technologies. The proposed design will reject 28.5% more heat than an embedded thermoelectric heat pump scheme given the same rejection temperature. … More

Increased Capacity for Thermal Energy Storage by Combining Latent and Bonding Reaction Heat Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: J. M. Cutbirth, Sr. Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,674.00
Abstract:
Avionic systems which feature low duty cycle heat loads, such as high-powered microwave (HPM) or high-energy lasers (HEL) require thermal energy storage (TES) to minimize the volume/mass of the thermal management system. The Air Force currently seeks a TES with system-based heat capacities of 68… More

Reactant Film Cooling Strategy for Increased Turbine Blade Durability

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul E. Yelvington, Sr. Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,843.00
Abstract:
Current combustors in gas turbine engines are releasing unburned fuel into the downstream components. These combustible species contact turbine blade film cooling air and undergo localized secondary combustion near the blade"s surface, resulting in increased temperatures, heat fluxes, and… More

Maximum Hydrogen Storage Densities in Scalable, Low-Cost Vessels through Compression and Adsorption

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin J. Hill, Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,933.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This proposal outlines a scalable, low-cost procedure for the fabrication of hierarchical hybrid nanomaterials that will produce ultra-high pressure tolerance and surface area vessels. These vessels enable the physical storage of hydrogen through compression and adsorption at densities… More

Energy Efficient Tactical Shelters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Charles D. Sampson, Sr. Electrical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $98,611.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This proposal outlines potential systems for efficiently distributing power to tactical shelters. One system, automatic load balancing, consists of a system of microcontroller controlled semiconductor switches and power sensors. The loads are transferred automatically to ensure phase… More

Compact Thermoelectric-based Pre-Cooling Assembly for the E-2D Liquid Cooling System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Cutbirth, PI/Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,911.00
Abstract:
A 5 degree farenheit decrease in cooling temperature within the E-2D Liquid Cooling System (LCS) would translate to an additional 15 kW capacity to remove electronic waste heat. For this, thermoelectric cooling represents a compact, minimally intrusive method for achieving the desired augmentation… More

High Efficiency Environmental Control for Forward Operating Bases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, PI/ Director of Engineeri – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $69,964.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the single largest consumer of ground-based power at Forward Operating Bases and conservatively results in annual fuel savings greater than $150 million. U.S. forces currently consume about 300,000 barrels of petroleum-based fuels per day. During wartime OPTEMPO, generators… More

Computational Design and Experimental Demonstration of a Novel High Efficiency PCM Heat Exchanger

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Sr. Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,915.00
Abstract:
The thermal management system (TMS) within the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) can experience thermal overload during certain flight segments. During these segments it would be advantageous to store some of the excess thermal energy, and reject it via the normal heat rejection avenues at a later time… More

Control Strategy and Optimization of Available Heat Sinks within Aircraft Thermal Management Systems for Maximizing Mission Life

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Cutbirth, PI/Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,729.00
Abstract:
With the reduced emphasis on ram-air and the disadvantages of using engine fan-bypass air as heat sinks, onboard fuel has become increasingly popular to deposit waste heat. However, with advanced aircraft, such as the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), replacing traditional hydraulic-, mechanical-, and… More

High Performance Nanoscale Thermoelectric Generator for UAVs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, PI/Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,613.00
Abstract:
Advancement of thermoelectric (TE) technology has been a major research area for over a century, yet most compositional materials research has not produced TEs with a figure of merit (zT) greater than unity. New methods of enhancing TE efficiency are needed and have been realized through structural… More

Usage of Electron Beams for near-Petabyte CD-Data Storage and Bulk Materials Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, PI/Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,917.00
Abstract:
This proposal outlines a comprehensive research program to study and apply electron beam technology to a number of beneficial applications. Breaking down the key aspects which are unique to FEL injector Ebeam technology and evaluating them with respect to current technology or emerging technological… More

Integrated Thermal Energy Storage in a Power Conductor for Electromagnetic Railguns

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Michael Cutbirth, PI/Sr. Mechanical Enginee – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,831.00
Abstract:
The United States Navy is seeking a compact, flexible power conductor capable of handling the high magnitude, high transient pulsed loading required by a Naval Electromagnetic Railgun (EMRG.) Very high current levels (up to 6 mega-amps) carried over a compact cross-sectional area will result in… More

Compact, In-Line Sensor for Direct Measurement of Sulfur in Liquid JP-8

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/Senior Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $119,927.00
Abstract:
Fuel cell technology has progressed to the point where fuel reforming and desulfurization has become the limiting factor. The platinum catalysts used in fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur compounds in the fuel. The proposed effort will develop a compact, rugged, in-line sensor for measuring total… More

Innovative Vapor Compression Ice Maker for Theatre of War

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gregory S. Cole, Director of Engineering – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $69,810.00
Abstract:
Currently, all ice used on Forward Operating Bases is transported in, putting soldiers in harm"s way during transport and using large quantities of fuel in the process. Mainstream proposes a vapor compression ice making system that will produce ice during the night and store during the day.… More

Direct Ethylene Glycol Fuel Cell Power System for Unattended Ground Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Joshua D. Sole, Sr. Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,804.00
Abstract:
A new family of non-precious metal catalysts is proposed for the oxidation of ethylene glycol in an alkaline anion exchange membrane direct ethylene glycol fuel cell (AEM-DEGFC). The new catalysts proposed by Mainstream combine the most desirable characteristics of some already demonstrated… More

Development of an Anthropometrically Modifiable Munitions Operator (AMMO) System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Joshua D. Sole
Award Amount: $99,972.89
Abstract:
The proposed research plan will start at a TRL 1 and commence with the collection of dynamic recoil response field data using a firearm and ammunition chosen by the DHS for testing. Data will be collected for a firearm operator that classifies as a 90th percentile male, and an operator… More

Meter-Scale Self-Assembly of Dense&Oriented Nanomaterials for Double Layer Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Research Institution: Univeristy of Florida
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $749,967.00
RI Contact: K.j. Ziegler
Abstract:
Capacitive energy storage is a critical technology for advanced electronics as well as a necessary technology for the implementation of intermittent, renewable power generation. Innovative and scalable nanofabrication techniques are required to enhance the performance and energy density of… More

Demonstration of a Thermally-Controlled Shipping Container for NanoRack and CubeSat Payloads

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Scaringe, Ph.D., Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,746.00
Abstract:
A significant challenge faced by space-bound experiment packages is the requirement for a minimally controlled environment while a small payload is awaiting launch or is in transit to the International Space Station (ISS). NASA is seeking thermal solutions for the transportation of NanoRack and… More

A Biogas-Tolerant Engine-Generator for Advanced Agricultural Waste Management Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/Sr. Engineer – 321-631-3550
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Light-weight Low-volume High Oxygen Storage Density Material for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, PI/ Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $148,986.00
Abstract:
This proposal details the method of fabrication for a hierarchical hybrid nanomaterial for oxygen storage vessels. These vessels exceed the volumetric and gravimetric storage capacity of an oxygen cylinder by 330% and 215%, respectively. It is estimated that this oxygen storage device will weigh… More

Fast Pyrolytic Solid Waste Remediation for Small Contingency Base Camps

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/ Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,920.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a pyrolytic solid waste remediation system (py-SWRS) for processing mixed solid waste at small contingency base camps. The proposed py-SWRS unit is a scaled-down and simplified version of a portable pyrolysis reactor already under development at… More

Advanced Cooling Approach for an Aerodynamically Heated Weapon Radome

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,807.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: A new generation of supersonic weapons will operate at Mach 3-6. Current radome materials are unable to withstand the heat generated at the temperatures associated with hypersonic flight. Mainstream Engineering is proposing an advanced cooling approach that helps to extend the performance… More

Solar-Powered Environmental Control Unit for Commercial Buildings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, PI/ Sr. Chemical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,773.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Using solar energy to drive air conditioning systems is logical since the sun is present when air conditioning is needed the most. Unfortunately, the payback period for installing photovoltaic solar cell arrays to electrically drive the air conditioning system is unacceptably long, at… More

Efficient Diesel Generator with High-zT Thermoelectric Waste Heat Recovery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,892.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering Corp. (MEC) proposes developing a diesel engine-generator with nanostructured high-zT thermoelectric exhaust waste heat recovery. Commercially available thermoelectric materials have a thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of approximately 1. Published efforts to harvest exhaust… More

Rapidly Deployable Wind Power Generation System for Remote Outposts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $99,865.00
Abstract:
Currently, diesel generators are typically used to supply electrical power to soldiers in the field. Diesel generators suffer from wet stacking at partial loads, high fuel costs and resupply logistics, and high transportation risk. The development of a portable wind power generating system capable… More

Advanced Fan Coil Unit with Integral Heat Pump

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, PI/ Director of Engineeri – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,983.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the single largest non-propulsion consumer of Navy shipboard power. The heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system of a combatant ship dissipates over 25% of the ships waste heat. However, a growing percentage (up to 87%) of the waste heat is due to equipment loads… More

Development of an Innovative Wear indicating Spherical Lined Bearing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, PI/Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,915.00
Abstract:
Spherical-lined bearings play a crucial role in the operation of many aerospace applications. They provide connections between structural components experiencing rotating and/or misaligning motion. The inability to accurately measure liner wear on these bearings leads to premature or overdue bearing… More

High Performance Nanoscale Thermoelectric Generators for UAVs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $660,361.00
Abstract:
Advancement of thermoelectric (TE) technology has been a major research area for over a century, yet most compositional materials research has not produced TEs with a figure of merit (zT) greater than unity. New methods of enhancing TE efficiency are needed and have been realized through structural… More

Computational Design and Full-Scale Experimental Demonstration of a PCM Heat Exchanger for the Joint Strike Fighter

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $744,452.00
Abstract:
The thermal management system in the Joint Strike Fighter is sufficient for most flight modes, but in some scenarios where waste heat from avionics and electronics is substantial, and coolant temperature is high, electronics can become overheated. In contrast, during other flight modes, the coolant… More

Development of a Thermal Management System for Tactical Airborne High Power Laser Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, Senior Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $1,498,449.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Navy is seeking a thermal management solution for the development of an advanced airborne tactical laser. The thermal management system required for the weapon system must be highly integrated with both the weapon system and the demonstration platform. In addition to providing a high… More

Usage of Electron Beams for Near-Petabyte CD-Data Storage and Bulk Materials Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $749,865.00
Abstract:
High power, superconducting electron linear accelerators represent a new method of producing highly focused and bright electron beams (Ebeams). These instruments have exciting applications in the area of free electron lasers and directed energy weapons, but are costly and the two markets are small… More

Pump for mixed phase refrigerant

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Jerald Wagner, Sr Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $700,000.00
Abstract:
Current refrigerant pumping technology lacks the ability to circulate a liquid-vapor mixture with substantial flow resistance, which impedes development and implementation of two-phase cooling technology. Common pump designs will hydro-lock and mechanically fail instantly or suffer performance loss… More

Development of a Greywater Recycling System for Army Field Kitchens

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Ted Amundsen, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,588.00
Abstract:
Field Sanitation Centers typically convert 240 gallons of potable water per day into greywater. This greywater must then be transported off-site or properly disposed of on-site. To alleviate this problem, a continuous process to treat the greywater produced is needed. The treated water must meet… More

Innovative Vapor Compression Ice Maker for Theatre of War

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Greg Cole, Dir Of Engineering – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $389,855.00
Abstract:
Current methods of supplying ice to the soldier are limited to using small commercial ice makers in field kitchens (for very limited quantities of ice) and manufacturing ice at remote factory locations by trucking this ice to forward operating bases. In Phase I, Mainstream designed, fabricated, and… More

Compact, In-Line Sensor for Direct Measurement of Sulfur in Liquid JP-8

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Sr Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $729,933.00
Abstract:
Fuel cell technology has progressed to the point where fuel desulfurization and reforming have become the limiting factors. Both solid-oxide and polymer-electrolyte-membrane fuel cells are poisoned by sulfur compounds in the fuel. This Phase II effort will develop a compact, rugged, in-line sensor… More

Development of a Greywater Recycling System for Army Field Kitchens

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Ted Amundsen, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $499,534.00
Abstract:
Field Sanitation Centers typically convert 240 gallons of potable water per day into greywater. This greywater must then be transported off-site or properly disposed of on-site. To alleviate this problem, a continuous process to treat the greywater produced is needed. The treated water must meet… More

High Power Density, High Efficiency, Scalable Pulse Power Delivery System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Troy Beechner, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $78,848.00
Abstract:
With the advent of pulse energy weapons, the transient characteristics of military aircraft power systems is changing. These new loads require power supplies that shield the pulse transient from the electrical distribution system, while also being highly efficient, power dense, and reliable.… More

Development of an Active Electronics Enclosure Thermal Management System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: David Sykes, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $78,633.00
Abstract:
As shipboard control electronics continue to evolve, electronic systems inevitably incur hardware changes. However, these system changes often require sound recertification of the electronics enclosure, which can be a very costly and time-consuming process. Therefore, it is desirable to build a… More

Hybrid Electric Turbocharger For Exhaust Energy Recovery and Transient Lag Reduction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Dr. – 321-631-3550
Award Amount: $149,899.00
Abstract:
The U.S. economy and the American way of life rely heavily on transportation by cars and trucks. This transportation is dependent almost entirely on oil, which creates vulnerability to supply chain disruptions, potential for fuel price shocks, and exposure to emissions of air pollutants. Reducing… More

Compact Differential Compression/Expansion Ratio Engine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: David Sykes, Mr. – 321-631-3550
Award Amount: $149,568.00
Abstract:
Automotive manufacturers have investigated many technologies to achieve ever-increasing, federally- mandated fuel consumption requirements. However, alternative approaches must be considered to meet the upcoming efficiency demands. Differential compression/expansion ratio (DCE) engines have been… More

Low-Cost Flat Panel Solar Hot Water Heaters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Joseph Homitz, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,748.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Energy is currently seeking technologies that can significantly decrease the cost of solar hot water heating systems. Mainstream Engineering Corporation is proposing to develop a low- cost, highly efficient solar collector that will significantly reduce the installed cost of… More

Development of a Rapidly Deployable Scaled Fighter for Aeroelastic Research

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,779.00
RI Contact: Jewel Barlow
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Experimental testing of dynamic models has been performed for more than 50 years and a wealth of data exists for individual models. However, this data is often either restricted as proprietary or is not suitable for CSE tool validation as a result of incomplete model or test information. … More

Small Scale Diesel Generator for Railway Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: David Sykes, Senior Mechanical Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,109.00
Abstract:
Autonomous inspection systems are necessary to increase awareness of track safety and maintenance issues. However, electrical power for these systems is not available under freight railway vehicles. Mainstream Engineering (MEC) proposes development of a small-scale diesel generator with an… More

Low Temperature Extended Lifetime Fuel Cell (LoTEL-FC) Power System for Unattended Ground Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $999,243.00
Abstract:
In Phase I, Mainstream Engineering demonstrated that a high concentration liquid-fed fuel cell system would significantly exceed the energy density of existing military batteries. In this proposal, we describe our Low Temperature Extended Lifetime Fuel Cell (LoTEL-FC) hybrid power system for… More

Advanced Cooling Approach for an Aerodynamically Heated Weapon Radome

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Senior Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $744,300.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: A new generation of supersonic weapons will operate at Mach 3-6. Current infrared window materials are unable to withstand the heat generated and temperatures associated with hypersonic flight. In Phase I, Mainstream developed an advanced cooling technology capable of reducing the… More

Demonstration of a Low-Cost Vehicle Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Robert Scaringe, PI/Sr. Research Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $597,860.36
Abstract:
During the Phase I SBIR Effort, Mainstream demonstrated a unique vehicle monitoring system (VMS) for tractor trailer applications. The development was driven by the need to easily store, retrieve, and transfer key trailer parameters to the tractor and the need to electronically transfer key driver,… More

Low Cost, Ultra-Power Dense Point of Use Conversion System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Troy Beechner, Senior Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,737.00
Abstract:
Naval ships currently operate independent 60 Hz and 400 Hz power systems, resulting in unnecessary redundancy and high ship costs. A better approach is to utilize existing 60 Hz equipment and place the 400 Hz equipment at the load site. However, limitations in current electronic power densities make… More

Maximum Hydrogen Storage Densities in Scalable, Low-Cost Vessels through Compression and Adsorption

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, Senior Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $784,086.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This proposal outlines a scalable, low-cost procedure for fabrication of hierarchical hybrid nanomaterials that produce ultra-high pressure tolerance and surface area vessels. These vessels enable physical storage of hydrogen through compression and adsorption at densities predicted to… More

Development of a Series Hybrid Propulsion System Using Heavy Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: David M. Sykes, PI / Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $148,789.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of this SBIR topic is to develop a hybrid electric propulsion system to support a Rapid Response Small SUAS (<30lb) capability. This requires fast dash (>150mph) while maintaining extended endurance (>15 hrs) on station and low acoustic noise operation. Full… More

High Efficiency Environmental Control for Forward Operating Bases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Gregory Cole, PI / Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $599,976.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the single largest consumer of ground-based power at forward operating bases and conservatively results in annual fuel savings greater than $260 million. U.S. forces currently consume about 300,000 barrels of petroleum-based fuels per day. During wartime OPTEMPO, generators… More

Advanced Fan Coil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Daniel Staples, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $499,078.00
Abstract:
The largest non-propulsion consumer of Navy shipboard power is HVAC. Up to 87% of cooling loads are generated by equipment that is currently cooled with 80°F air that is produced by a 40°F chilled water supply. Shipboard chiller efficiency can be increased by introducing an intermediate sink water… More

Improved Reaction Mechanisms for Combustion of Jet Fuels in Vitiated Air

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Senior Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,954.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The demand for increased thrust from gas turbine engines, while simultaneously reducing engine size and weight, has lead to real challenges for the design of robust augmentors and interturbine burners (ITBs). Reactive flow simulations of augmentors and ITBs can be used to speed the design… More

A custom microchip amplifier for patch clamp electrophysiological recording

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington – 321-631-3550
Award Amount: $149,351.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: An estimated 2.5 billion people, or about one-third of the world's population, rely on biomass fuel for cooking. Emissions from biomass cook stoves contribute to global climate change, indoor/local air quality issues, and related health effects. In particular, indoor ir quality… More

Rapidly Configurable Turbomachines for Air Cycle Machine Emulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,978.00
Abstract:
For aircraft thermal management systems, the air cycle system is powered by an air cycle machine (ACM). The ACM typically consists of a power turbine that utilizes high pressure bleed air, along with a cooling turbine to produce the necessary shaft power for a compressor and starter/generator. To… More

Novel Sensor System for Real-Time Mapping of a Tactical Vehicle"s Weight and Center of Gravity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Troy Beechner, PI / Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,676.00
Abstract:
The United States Marine Corps is seeking a method to reliably monitor a tactical vehicle"s weight and center of gravity (W & CG), real-time, using an integrated on-board system. Such a W & CG mapping system would increase vehicle state awareness providing for optimal performance and… More

Waste Heat Recovery for Tray Ration Heating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,865.00
Abstract:
Reduction of fuel consumption at forward deployed sites has the potential to greatly improve the safety of our Marines. The burdened cost of fuel to the battlespace in both lives and dollars has grown to a level that demands innovation to reduce fuel consumption and improve efficiency. The Tray… More

FABRICATION OF ULTRA-LONG CARBON NANOTUBES THROUGH SEGREGATED FLOW CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, PI/Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,961.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering proposes a method for the synthesis of ultra-long carbon nanotubes using an altered chemical vapor deposition process. Many CNT based technologies have diminished properties due to a density of CNT-CNT junctions. Current CNT production techniques are limited in either CNT… More

Low-Cost Phase-Distribution Enhancement for Two-Phase Heat Exchangers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $79,812.00
Abstract:
Military Environmental Control Units (ECUs) are one of the greatest consumers of electric energy in forward operating bases (FOBs). Microchannel condensers have replaced tube-fin coils in both military ECUs and commercial air conditioners to improve system efficiency. Flow into the condenser is… More

Phase Change Material Thermal Energy Storage (PCM-TES) for ECU Efficiency Improvement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Joshua Sole, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,680.00
Abstract:
This proposal presents an hourly thermal load analysis for shelters cooled by 9,000 and 18,000 Btu/hr environmental control units (ECUs). This model suggests a highly variable heat load throughout a standard hot-dry day that can vary by a factor of 20 from the lowest to highest thermal load. This… More

Advanced Heavy Fuel Injection System for UAS/UGS Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Paul Yelvington, Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $149,463.00
Abstract:
Mainstream Engineering will use state-of-the-art technology and manufacturing processes to develop an innovative, high speed, lightweight fuel injection system capable of providing multiple injections per engine cycle at engine speeds up to 6000 RPM. To overcome the barriers associated with spark… More

Light-weight, Low-volume, High Oxygen Storage Density Material for Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Justin Hill, Sr. Engineer – (321) 631-3550
Award Amount: $999,985.00
Abstract:
This proposal outlines Mainstream"s successful Phase I feasibility demonstration related to the fabrication of hierarchical hybrid nanomaterials for oxygen storage vessels. These vessels exceed the volumetric and gravimetric storage capacity of an oxygen cylinder by 245% and 170%, respectively.… More

Development of an Active, Man-Portable, Cooling System for Use with Personal Protective Clothing/Equipment (PPC/PPE)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Brian Tews, Mr.
Award Amount: $997,430.65
Abstract:
Mainstream has developed an active cooling system that can provide a cool/dry environment to workers in enclosed protective clothing/equipment. The technology is lightweight, comparable to a small backpack in size, and will improve working conditions so that heat stress is no longer a concern for… More