USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

Company Information:

Company Name:
Materials & Electrochemical Research (ME
Address:
7960 S. Kolb Rd.
Tucson, AZ
Phone:
(520) 574-1980
URL:
EIN:
860530946
DUNS:
147518286
Number of Employees:
35
Woman-Owned?:
No
Minority-Owned?:
No
HUBZone-Owned?:
No

Commercialization:

Has been acquired/merged with?:
N/A
Has had Spin-off?:
N/A
Has Had IPO?:
N/A
Year of IPO:
N/A
Has Patents?:
N/A
Number of Patents:
N/A
Total Sales to Date $:
$ 0.00
Total Investment to Date $
$ 0.00
POC Title:
N/A
POC Name:
N/A
POC Phone:
N/A
POC Email:
N/A
Narrative:
N/A

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $23,202,220.00 314
SBIR Phase II $67,355,635.00 113
STTR Phase I $1,529,946.00 18
STTR Phase II $4,859,561.00 7

Award List:

THE DIRECT PRODUCTION OF INTERMETALLIC COM- POUND POWDER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. James C. Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

SIC FILAMENTS FROM A PITCH FILAMENT-SILICON SOURCE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$40,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Technical Manager
Abstract:
N/a

A TRANSFORMATION TOUGHENED ZR02 WHISKER REINFORCED ALUMINA COMPOSITE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

THE DIRECT PRODUCTION OF INTERMETALLIC COM- POUND POWDER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. James C. Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The present process of producing intermetallic alloy powder by melting, casting, and a powder atomiza- tion step is expensive and technically lacking, thus limiting the ultimate mechanical and physical pro- perties of the intermetallic material. this project ex- amines the feasibility of producing… More

A TRANSFORMATION TOUGHENED ZR02 WHISKER REINFORCED ALUMINA COMPOSITE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
There is a great demand in space, defense and commercial applications for an oxidation resistant, lightweight, high modulus and high strength ceramic composite with exceptionally high static and dynamic toughness. phase transformation toughening such as with zr02 and absorption of microcracking at… More

A WHISKER CERMET FOR JOINING CERAMIC AND METAL COMPONENTS IN DIESEL ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr j c withers
Abstract:
A major obstacle exists for joining ceramic components to metal structural components in diesel engines. to bridge the disparities between ceramic and metal components, a whisker-reinforced cermet will be developed. the whisker will be the same as the ceramic component, and a cermet composition will… More

A COMPOSITE CERAMIC MATERIAL FOR LOW HEAT REJECTION DIESEL ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr j c withers
Abstract:
Ceramics have been demonstrated to be viable alternatives in conventional and adiabatic diesel engines with the potential of 30% fuel savings. there is an international competition to develop ceramics in general and specifically for diesel engines. in ambitious domestic and foreign programs to… More

LIGHTWEIGHT COMPOSITE CERAMIC LINED GUN BARRELS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers
Abstract:
N/a

THE RAPID GROWTH AND HARVESTING OF SIC WHISKERS FROM COMPOSITE PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Cheng-tsin Lee
Abstract:
N/a

SIC FILAMENTS FROM A PITCH FILAMENT-SILICON SOURCE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$200,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Technical Manager
Abstract:
There is a widespread use for sic filament with high strength theoretical density and modulus in a small diameter. current sic filament either has high porosity at 25% and low strength or is large in diameter at 140 m. this program prposes to produce economical high strength (>500,000 psi) sic… More

THE RAPID GROWTH AND HARVESTING OF SIC WHISKERS FROM COMPOSITE PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Cheng-tsin Lee
Abstract:
The use of whiskers in metals and ceramics is well established and destined to play a major role in advanced high technology materials applications. the availability and cost of whiskers such as silicon carbide (sic) is a key to the economic production and widespread use of advanced composite… More

LIGHTWEIGHT COMPOSITE CERAMIC LINED GUN BARRELS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers
Abstract:
Ceramic lined composied gun barrels offer a near ideal materials combination to produce light weight gun barrels that will withstand 20-30 mm rapid fire ballistic cycle of 1600-1800 deg f and pressure up to 70,000 psi for less than 5 milliseconds at approximately 1/2 the weight of steel barrels. a… More

THE INVESTIGATION OF HOT FORGING TO PRODUCE PORE FREE NEAR NET SHAPE CERAMIC COMPOSITES.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr james c withers
Abstract:
Composite systems hold the promise of solving many advanced materials problems and are destined to play a major role in commercial and military applications. silicon carbide whiskers as a reinforcement in both metal and ceramic composites is now a commercial reality and will dramaticallyexpand as… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE ADVANCED STRUCTURAL CERAMICS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Current investigations have shown how whisker reinforcement has increased the fracture toughness of sic-whisker/ceramic-matrix composites. however, it was found that the strength of the composites decreased as a result of flaws introduced with the whisker addition and thepoor sinterability of… More

A CERAMIC COMPOSITE CUTTING TOOL INSERT FOR INCREASED PRODUCTIVITY ULTRAHIGH-SPEED MACHINING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr j c withers
Abstract:
In the manufacturing operation of machining, improved components for machine tools in ultra-high speed machining have the potential to dramatically increase productivity andreduce cost. the ability to increase speed as well as metal removal rate results in significant increase in productivity as… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A PROCESS TO PRODUCE TIB2 WHISKERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr c t lee
Abstract:
Composite systems hold the promise of solving many advanced materials problems and are destined to play a major role in commercial and military applications. silicon carbide whiskers as a reinforcement in both metal and ceramic composites is now a commercial reality and will dramaticallyexpand as… More

A WHISKER REINFORCED CERAMIC ALLOY FOR MILITARY DIESEL ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
J c withers
Abstract:
Ceramics have been demonstrated to offer a significant opportunity for high temperature diesel engines. preceding domestic and foreign programs have identified the limitations of currently available ceramics which include brittleness and friction and wear properties. a program is proposed to develop… More

EROSION RESISTANT CERAMIC COMPOSITE CONDUCTIVE RAIL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
J C Withers
Abstract:
N/a

EROSION RESISTANT CERAMIC COMPOSITE CONDUCTIVE RAIL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
J C Withers
Abstract:
Hypervelocity launcher systems place severe demands on both the insulator and conductive rails. recently a whisker reinforced alumina insulator rail showed superior erosion performance in rail gun test, however, the conductive copper rails eroded severely as well as create an anticipated expansion… More

INNOVATIVE PROCESSING TO PRODUCE ADVANCED INTERMETALLIC MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
R O Loutfy , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
There is an insatiable demand for high temperature, light weight, strong and ductile materials in heat engine and structural applications. intermetallics such as ti3a1 offer a significant opportunity for improved high temperature properties over current state-of-the-art nickel base superalloys and… More

A PLASMA ASSIST CVD PROCESS FOR PRODUCING TIB(2) AND OTHER CERAMIC MULTIFILAMENT TOWS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Prakash Arya
Abstract:
There is a very large pent-up demand for advanced high performance high temperature intermetallic composites which is limited by the availability of an economical small diameter ceramic fiber with good strength retention > or - 1400 deg c. commercially available ceramic fibers produced as… More

CERAMIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR PYROMETALLURGICAL REPROCESSING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

CERAMIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR PYROMETALLURGICAL REPROCESSING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The materials requirements for the pyrometallurgical reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel are quite demanding. in fact, currently available materials limit pyrometallurgical reprocessing. innovative ceramic composites offer the opportunity to overcome current materials limitations and provide… More

THE DIRECT SYNTHESIS OF SIALON POWDER IN A PLASMA REACTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Ceo
Abstract:
Sialon is a well established, high technology ceramic utilized in industrial applications such as cutting tools and engine components. it is produced through the insitu reaction of its constituents si3n4, a1n and a12o3 plus sintering aids. there is considerable variation in properties and… More

A COATED TIB2 WHISKER TOUGHENED SIC MATRIX COMPOSITE FOR AEROSPACE PROPULSION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers , Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
Silicon carbide is a very desirable structural ceramic but state-of-the-art monoliths are lacking in toughness and reliability. whisker toughening has not been effective due to the disappearance of the sicw in the very high temperature consolidation process. tib2 particles have beendemonstrated… More

A WHISKER REINFORCED HIGH TEMPERATURE STRUCTURAL INSULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers , Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

THE DEVELOPMENT OF RADIATION-RESISTANT COPPER MATRIX COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

A WHISKER REINFORCED HIGH TEMPERATURE STRUCTURAL INSULATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,100.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers , Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
New, unique high temperature ceramic matrix composites with low thermal conductivity, high strength and thermochemical stability to 5000 degrees fahrenheit (2760 degrees centigrade) are a prerequisite to significant advances in heat shield technology. available heat shields include carbon phenolics… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF RADIATION-RESISTANT COPPER MATRIX COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Improved copper alloys are desired for radiation-resistant high heat-flux components and first-wall structures in fusion energy systems. significant improvement in copper alloys which are also radiation resistant cannot be projected. however, copper matrix composites can be projected to increase… More

DEVELOPMENT OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS FOR USE IN - 9OOF FASTENER APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Sumit Guha , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
There is a chronic need for lighter yet stronger materials for both ambient and elevated temperature applications in both iailitary and commercial sectors. one requirement is for a 9oodegf aluminum fastener compatible with aluminum and titanium alloys. mechanical alloying/rapid solidification… More

A NEW PROBE FOR MEASURING LIQUID LEVELS IN PYROCHEMICAL PROCESSING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Theodore A Miller , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This phase i project utilizes the corrosion resistance and electrical properties of certain advanced materials in the design of probes to sense liquid levels at molten metal-saltinterfaces and molten salt-gas interfaces. one of the more successful applications of advanced high technology materials… More

NOVEL C60 ELECTRODES FOR ADVANCED ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Raouf O Loufty , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A newly discovered c60 carbon material, which exhibits unique electrochemical and physical behavior, is being used to fabricate electrodes by vapor deposition, dry pressing, and paste techniques. a surface-modified c60 electrode withcobalt phthalocyanine is also being fabricated. these electrodes… More

METAL COATED NANOPARTICLES FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. O. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed work is to synthesize silver coated nanoparticles which have, among other novel optical properties, the ability to generate phase conjugate light with low incident light intensities. the experimental program consists of two parts: 1) determining the experimental… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESSING TO PRODUCE FINE PARTICLE ALUMINUM WITH A PASSIVE COATING OF ALF3

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The heats of detonation of aluminized explosives and propellants are, in general, considerably higher than for non aluminized materials. however, the inherent oxide on the aluminum interferes with and delays the detonation process. it is possible that the substitution of a fluoride (alf3) coating… More

THE CONVERSION OF GRAPHITE FIBER AND PREWOVEN ARCHITECTURES TO B4C FIBERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
R Loutfy , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Current ceramic fibers lose strength rapidly above 1000-1200 c and have very low creep resistance thus limiting their applications in composites for many advanced military systems. recent work has demonstrated that graphite fiber (3-14) tows can be converted to sic which retains nearly 100% of their… More

SPHERICAL BORON PARTICLES FROM B2O3

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The alkali and alkaline earth metals are too expensive and complicate separating boron from the reducing agent oxide, and carbon that produces a gaseous byproduct oxide also reacts with the boron to form b4c. an unusual reducing agent which is quite economical can reduce b2o3 in the gas phase to… More

ADVANCED COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT ROTOCRAFT/AIR-VEHICLE SYSTEM COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Chronic needs for higher performance in present and future army rotocraft/air-vehicle systems mandate improvements in materials properties. lightweight metal matrix composites (mmc) including magnesium and aluminum are among the best candidates to fulfill the requirements that enable lightweight… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEBES FIBERS USING A DUAL PLASMA DEPOSITION SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,850.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
New fibers are needed to produce intermetallic composites for use in aero- and space-propulsion systems because existing fibers do not have adequate thermochemical stability in desirable structural materials such as iron aluminide. febe5 has been predicted to have thermochemical stability in iron… More

THE SYNTHESIS OF TITANIUM ALUMINIDES WITH CARBON ADDITION ASA HIGH COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION FIBER UTILIZING PLASMA ASSISTED CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. C. Withers , Ceo
Abstract:
N/a

A NOVEL JOINING METHOD FOR GRAPHITE AND CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Sumit Guha , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

DEVELOPMENT OF PLASMA SYNTHESIS TO PRODUCE PRE-ALLOYED ULTRAFINE INTERMETALLIC ALUMINIDE POWDERS FOR INJECTION MOLDING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

PROTECTIVE REFRACTORY ALLOY COMPOSITE COATING USING NOVEL LTAVD TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

CONTROLLED MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF SI(3)N(4) TO ENHANCE FRACTURE TOUGHNESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lori A Leaskey , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

A NOVEL JOINING METHOD FOR GRAPHITE AND CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,266.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Sumit Guha , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
In the phase i project, the feasibility of developing a superior joining technology for graphite and carbon-carbon (c-c) composites is being investigated. a novel technology,low temperature arc vapor deposition (ltavd), is being used to effect the joining of graphite and carbon-carbon composites to… More

A UNIQUE SILICON-CARBIDE REUSABLE THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIAL NOVEL THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy
Abstract:
A new and unique process (chemical vapor reaction; cvr) to convert graphite structures to low density sic structure will be investigated to produce high temperature thermal protection materials. available heat shields include carbon phenolics which occupy a lot of space and more recently developed… More

ELECTROCHEMICAL REDUCTION OF CO2 USING A NOVEL ELECTRODE SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy
Abstract:
A novel, newly discovered c60 carbon was found to exhibit unique electrochemical behavior. the properties of this material will be investigated as a means to evaluate the ability to electrochemically reduce co2 and produce oxygen for air revitalization in manned space stations. electrolytes… More

DEVELOPMENT OF PLASMA SYNTHESIS TO PRODUCE PRE-ALLOYED ULTRAFINE INTERMETALLIC ALUMINIDE POWDERS FOR INJECTION MOLDING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$497,095.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr J C Withers , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Intermetallic aluminides offer significant promise because of their strength and modulus retention with temperature, oxidation resistance and lightweight. if intermetallic aluminides could be injection molded their use would be further expanded. present powder production does not produce acceptable… More

PROTECTIVE REFRACTORY ALLOY COMPOSITE COATING USING NOVEL LTAVD TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
There is a critical need to eliminate the severe restrictions imposed on the use of many alloys in advanced propulsion systems due to hydrogen embrittlement and oxygen instability. the application of a stable coating that couldprotect the alloy from those environmental hazards would substantially… More

COMPRESSIVE SURFACE STRENGTHENING OF WHISKER REINFORCED COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Lori Leaskey
Abstract:
The development of whisker reinforced structural ceramics with superior mechanical properties has been limited by strength controlling flaws which are often present on the surface. the presence of a compressive surface layer is known to be effective in preventing growth of these flaws. however,… More

METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE HEAT SINK WITH IMPROVED THERMAL TRANSMISSION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Prakash V. Arya
Abstract:
Thermal management is one of the critical aspects of packaging design which ensures reliable operation of electronic components. lifetime and performance of these components can be increased dramatically if the heat generated in the circuits can be efficiently removed by heatsinks to reduce junction… More

ADVANCED HYDROGEN ELECTRODE FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE NI/H2 SECONDARY BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,751.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy
Abstract:
A novel and newly discovered c60 carbon material was found to exhibit unique electrochemical and physical proproerties. c60 and catalyzed c60 electrodes will be fabricated by vapor deposition and dry pressing. these electrodes will be fully characterized for hydrogen reduction in various aquesous… More

A UNIQUE AND NEW PLASMA ASSISTED DEPOSITION TECHNIQUE UTILIZING IN-SITU RENUCLEATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. C. Withers
Abstract:
New technologies for producing useful products with engineered microstructures and properties for optimized mechanical performance creates an insatiable demand for materials processing and manufacturing. plasma assisted chemical vapor depositions (pacvd) is a new technique for materials processing… More

PRODUCTION OF SUBMICRON SPHERICAL CERAMIC PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. C. Withers
Abstract:
High purity, submicron, spherical, high surface area particles of covalent ceramics are key to achieving self sintered, high density materials which exhibit high strengthand creep resistance at high temperatures. currently available covalent ceramic particles, which are all imported, are lacking due… More

Ambient-Atmosphere-Compatible Superconducting Fullerene

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,537.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
T.a. Miller, Phd
Abstract:
One of the most interesting aspects of the new carbon allotropes, the fullerenes, is their versatile electronic properties, which range from insulating to superconducting depending on the type and level of admixtured elements. The record fulleride transition temperatures have been steadily rising… More

DEVELOPMENT OF SILICON CARBIDE CERAMIC COMPOSITES FOR FUSION REACTOR APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

DEVELOPMENT OF A TUNGSTEN HEAVY ALLOY THAT FAILS BY AN ADIABATIC SHEAR MECHANISM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$45,315.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sumit Guha
Abstract:
N/a

Development of a Tungsten Heavy Alloy that Fails by

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,966.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. T. A. Miller
Abstract:
N/a

DEVELOPMENT OF A PROCESS TO SYNTHESIZE TUBLAR FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

THE SYNTHESIS OF TITANIUM ALUMINIDES WITH CARBON ADDITION ASA HIGH COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION FIBER UTILIZING PLASMA ASSISTED CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$250,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. C. Withers , Ceo
Abstract:
New high expansion thermally stable multifilament fiber reinforcements are key to developing significant advances incomposite materials. it has been identified that titanuim aluminide alloyed with carbon (x = 2 or 3) is a highly desirable high cte, thermally stable material for reinforcing aluminide… More

CONTROLLED MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF SI(3)N(4) TO ENHANCE FRACTURE TOUGHNESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$479,707.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lori A Leaskey , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Silicon nitride is an advanced ceramic material with exceptional properties. however, a severe property limitation is observed in the low fracture toughness of si(3)n(4). the potential for utilization of si(3)n(4) ceramics in many applications would be significantly improved if its fracture… More

DEVELOPMENT OF SILICON CARBIDE CERAMIC COMPOSITES FOR FUSION REACTOR APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
Ceramic composites such as silicon carbide (sic) matrix/sic fiber are both enabling and enhancing technology for a variety of advanced systems, including nuclear fusion applications. however, currently available sic fibers do not posses the chemical and microstructural stability at high temperatures… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A PROCESS TO SYNTHESIZE TUBLAR FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Fullerenes, also known as buckyballs, have been the focus of very intense scientific investigations since the recent announcement of their discovery. evidence now suggests that it may be possible to tailor the dimensions and configurations of the fullerenes to produce the tubular shapes which have… More

SYNTHESIS OF ULTRAFINE, SINTEERABLE CERAMIC AND INTERMETALLIC PARTICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Lori A Leaskey
Abstract:
Advanced ceramics and intermetallic materials such as sic, nial, ti-22al-27nb, and mosi2 in ultrafine, sperical, and stoichiometric particles are both enabling and enhancing for utilization in a variety of applications. an innovative technique to produce these materials involves vaporization,… More

A NOVEL PROCESS TO PRODUCE CONTINUOUS SINGLE CRYSTAL SIC FIBERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Rich Mccormick
Abstract:
Continuous ceramic fibers which retain substantial strength and possess exceptional creep resistance at temperatures above 1000 degrees centigrade are essential to the development of advanced ceramic, intermetallic, and metal matrix composite materials in a variety of engine, energy conversion, and… More

LIGHT-WEIGHT MATRIX MATERIALS BASED ON MG-INTERMETALLIC ALLOYS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,773.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Sumit Guha
Abstract:
Chronic needs for higher performance in present and future military and commercial systems mandate improvements in material properties. high melting point, low density, and high strength are among the material properties necessary to achieve system performance goals. such requirements can no longer… More

Innovative Oxidation Protection Systems for Carbon-Carbon Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

DOPING OF CHEMICALLY VAPOR DEPOSITED SILICON CARBIDE TO ENHANCE THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,883.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mr Prakash Arya
Abstract:
N/a

Novel, Negative, Hydride Electrode for Nickle-Metal-Hydride Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Low Cost Method for Synthesis of [100]-W Reinforced Heavy Alloys for Kinetic Energy Penetrators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,096.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. S. Guha
Abstract:
N/a

INNOVATIVE SILICON CARBIDE FIBER COMPOSITE FILTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr R O Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Fullerenes Hydrides Cooling System for Extra-Vehicular Activities

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Novel Materials for Hydrogen Supplies and Storage for Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.o. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

DEVELOPMENT OF A TUNGSTEN HEAVY ALLOY THAT FAILS BY AN ADIABATIC SHEAR MECHANISM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$446,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sumit Guha
Abstract:
Kinetic energy penetrators made of du alloys perform better than the tungsten heavy alloys (wha). the improved performance in du alloy penetrators is attributable to failure by adiabatic shear banding which helps the projectile maintain a self-sharpened chiseled nose therby penetrating further than… More

Development of a Tungsten Heavy Alloy that Fails by

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$446,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. T. A. Miller
Abstract:
In High Energy Lasers (HEL) a large percentage of the laser energy is wasted typically by switching onto beam dumps. Some of this wasted energy could be utilized to synthesize exotic materials which have useful commercial applications. In order to utilize this wasted energy to synthesize new and… More

INNOVATIVE SILICON CARBIDE FIBER COMPOSITE FILTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr R O Loutfy
Abstract:
THE COMBUSTION OF COAL INTRODUCES HAZARDOUS EMISSION PRODUCTS, INCLUDING RESPIRABLE PARTICLES THAT ARE 10UM IN DIAMETER. THE REMOVAL OF THESE PARTICLES FROM THE COMBUSTION GAS STREAM IS DIFFICULT DUE TO THE HIGH TEMPERATURES AND CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT. A CERAMIC FILTER HAS THE GRATST POTENTILA TO… More

Novel Materials for Hydrogen Supplies and Storage for Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$247,986.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.o. Loutfy
Abstract:
A novel and newly discovered C60 carbon material was found to exhibit unique electrochemical and physical properties. C60 and catalyzed C60 electrodes for hydrogen storage and supplies will be fabricated by vapor deposition and dry pressing. These electrodes will be fully characterized as hydrogen… More

DOPING OF CHEMICALLY VAPOR DEPOSITED SILICON CARBIDE TO ENHANCE THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Mr Prakash Arya
Abstract:
Silicon carbide-silicon carbide (sic/sic) composites hold significant promise for use in fusion energy systems. even greater opportunity exits if the thermal conductivity of the chemically vapor infiltrated (cvi) marix could be improved. it has been shown that the thermal conductivity of hot pressed… More

Fullerene Synthesis in Microgravity to Establish Mechanism of Formation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Tapesh Yadav
Abstract:
Fullerenes have become the most investigated/publicized scientific subject ever. In spite of this intense and the enormous commercial potential, the mechanism to the synthesis of the various fullerene structures of buckyballs, buckytubes and encapsulation within the cage structures has not been… More

Low Cost Fabrication Technique to Produce Dense Boron Carbide Ballistic Tiles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$66,511.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. O. Loutfy
Abstract:
Boron carbide is the preferred ceramic material for armo applications; however, the production costs are very high which can be partially attributed to the high cost consodlidation techniques currently used. A novel fabrication technique is proposed that has very los associated costs and has the… More

A Fullerenes Based Oxygen Storage, Generation & Delivery Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
T. Yadav
Abstract:
Fullerenes - the recently discovered pure carbon molecules - have a unique closed caged structure. This closed cage molecular structure bestows fullerene based solids with two important characteristics: first, an unprecedented lattice structure; and second, a molecular environment around fullerenes… More

Fullerene-Based Ablative Coolant for Small, Chemical, Space Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Tapesh Yadav
Abstract:
Fullerenes - the recently discovered closed cage forms of carbo - have unique and unprecedented pure carbon based thermal properties. Advanced materials based on fullerenes and fullerenes all by themselves are lightweight, long lived, environmentally benign and are materials that have very low… More

Multi-Filament Ceramic Fibers for the Reinforcement of Titanium-Aluminide

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
While ceramic fiber reinforced titanium aluminide matrices composites are attractive due to their high specific strengths at high temperatures, one primary limitation is the lack of CTE match and chemical compatibility between the fiber and the matrix. The thermal mismatch and reaction zone is… More

THE APPLICATION OF NOVEL AND INNOVATIVE PROCESSING FOR THE ECONOMICAL SYNTHESIS OF FULLERENES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
R O Loutfy
Abstract:
The demonstration that fullerenes (buckyballs) can be produced from a carbon arc has spectacularly opened a completely new field of carbon science which has potential applications in all scientific fields of chemistry, electronics, physics, and medicine. however, the continued research in… More

Novel Large Area Passive Broadband Laser Filters Based on Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. T. Tadav
Abstract:
There is an acute need for novel broadband filters for unity vision equipment. This need can be satisfied with the recent discovery of a new pure form of carbon - fullerenes. Fullerenes have excellent nonlinear optical properties, show the best boradband limiting performance of all known material… More

FULLERENE PRECURSOR LOW TEMPERATURE DIAMOND FILM DEPOSITION ON ELECTRONIC SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
James Withers
Abstract:
Thermal management is one of the critical aspects in the design of the 2- and 3-dimensional multichip modules (mcms) to ensure reliability at increased functional densities in electronic devices. diamond has the highest known thermal conductivity and yet is an electrical insulator. high quality… More

A FUNDAMENTAL INVESTIGATION INTO PARTICLE AND SHAPE CONTROL DURING SHS REACTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Sumit Guha
Abstract:
There is a growing market in the powder metallurgy industry for intermetallic powder with fine particle size and good compositional control. a process termed plasma initiated self propagating high temperature synthesis (pshs) is presently being developed to meet the growing demand for such powders.… More

ELECTRODE MATERIALS FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr R O Loutfy
Abstract:
Fullerenes are a newly discovered form of carbon (graphite and diamond are the other two forms) with distinctive properties and an unusual molecular structure. preliminary investigations indicated that fullerene electrode materials exhibit unique electrochemical properties. in this phase i effort,… More

FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING OF MMC ELECTRONIC PACKAGES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
C T Lee
Abstract:
Metal matrix composites (mmc), with their high thermal conductivity, light weight, emi shielding, and tailorable coefficient of thermal expansion (cte) are the emerging materials of choice for heat sink, constraining core, and packaging applications. affordable and timely manufacturing methods are… More

LOW COST SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE SILICON CARBIDE STARTING WITH FULLERENE PRECURSORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr S Guha
Abstract:
A novel technique for the synthesis of nanocrystalline silicon carbide (sic) powders is planned starting with a silicon-based precursor and fullerene compounds as the raw materials. the reactivity of fullerenes, combined with previously demonstrated results in the synthesis of limited quantities of… More

AN INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE TO BOND ONE DIMENSIONAL CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES TO DISPERSION STRENGHTENED COPPER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr S Guha
Abstract:
One dimensional carbon-carbon (-c) composites are considered as candidate tile materials for diverter applications due to their high thermal conductivity. unfortunately, such composites also suffer from extremely poor cross-fiber tensile strength. the problem of bonding dispersive strengthened… More

ADVANCED HIGH TEMPERATURE SI3N4 CERAMICS WITH REFRACTORY GRAIN BOUNDARIES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Lori A Leaskey
Abstract:
There is currently great demand for a material with superior mechanical properties that can be maintained to high temperatures. silicon nitride has been identified as one of the most promising ceramics to meet these material requirements. to date, research on si3n4 ceramics has resulted in… More

Innovative Oxidation Protection Systems for Carbon-Carbon Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$498,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Novel, Negative, Hydride Electrode for Nickle-Metal-Hydride Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$490,015.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Fullerene Hydrids for High-Density Storage of Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
R. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Processing of Metal Matrix Composites with Controlled Microstructures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Sumit Guha
Abstract:
N/a

Low Cost Method for Synthesis of [100]-W Reinforced Heavy Alloys for Kinetic Energy Penetrators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. S. Guha
Abstract:
Single crystals of tungsten (W) with [100] orientation have been demonstrated to exhibit ballistically equivalent performance to depleated uranium (DU) projectiles. Single crystals of W are unfortunately brittle. Also, the state-of-the-art crystal growing techniques limits the diameter of such… More

Processing of Metal Matrix Composites with Controlled Microstructures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Sumit Guha
Abstract:
Conventional composite processing techniques are presently unable to fabricate unidirectional fiber reinforced composites based on small diameter fibers, for example, ~5-20 um in diameter. The primary problem is one of infiltration of the matrix in between the fibers and maintaining a reasonably… More

A Novel Processing Technique for the Large-Scale Production of High Energy Density Solid Fuel Air Explosives

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Mr. R. Pandey
Abstract:
Current techniques for the production of spherical, micron size, monodisperse metal powders such as comminution, atornization and gas phase synthesis cannot produce reactive metal powders on a large-scale while maintaining a pure surface. Coating of these highly reactive metal powders with a… More

High Temperature Structural Materials for Advanced Air Force Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr S Guha
Abstract:
Conventional composite processing techniques are presently unable to fabricate Al1O3-fiber reinforced y-titanium aluminide matrix composites based on low cost, small diameter ( 5-20um) fibers. The primary problem is one of infiltration of the matrix in between the fibers without any degradation in… More

Graded Composite Architecture for Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. C. Stoessel
Abstract:
Design and fabrication of a high thermal conductivity carbon fiber/aluminum matrix composite architecture is proposed which consists of discrete segments of functional areas that can respond to complex design calling for thermal management, low-expansion, structural, and low specific weight… More

Wavelength Independent Human Eye Protection Utilizing Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy, Dr.
Abstract:
Current concepts of holographic and dye technology do not provide eye protection from lasers at unknown wavelength and in the spectral region from 400 - 900 nm. Recently it has been shown that fullerenes have excellent nonlinear optical properties and show the best limiting performance of all… More

Low Cost, High Performance SiC Recuperators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Ms. Lori A. Leaskey
Abstract:
There is a critical need for the development of high temperature, corrosion resistant, low weight, and low cost recuperators to increase the efficiency of advanced gas turbine engines. The temperature requirements dictate the use of ceramic materials, and the material choice is silicon carbide… More

Economical Processing Of Carbon-Carbon Composites For Dual Use Aerospace And Commercial Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers , C.e.o.
Abstract:
N/a

Silicon Carbide Whiskers Reinforced Alumina Coatings on SiC-SiC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel
Abstract:
N/a

Development of a Low Cost Process by Which Greater Than Two-Inch Thick Particulate and Whisker Aluminyum Matrix Composites can be Produced

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.c. Withers
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Manufacturing Processing to Produce Economical Ceramic Fibers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
James Withers
Abstract:
N/a

Novel Fullerene Bed For Low Pressure Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
S. Lu , Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Hydrogen Storage Systems Based on Fullerene-Hydrides and Fullerene-Converted Carbons

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Xiao (Sean) Lu
Abstract:
N/a

A New One Step Manufacturing Process for 2-D C-C Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Electrode Materials For Lithuim Rechargeable Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Materials for Ultralight PEM Fuel Cell Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.o. Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

A Novel Tritium Collection Technology Using Fullerence Tritides

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
X. Lu
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Materials for Ultralight PEM Fuel Cell Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R.o. Loutfy
Abstract:
It is proposed to demonstrate the applicability of advancement materials, that has been developed for aerospace and military applications, to fuel cell technology to lower cost, increase performance, and decrease weight for future man-portable power systems. MER's advanced C-C composites will be… More

Fullerene Hydrids for High-Density Storage of Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$450,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
R. Loutfy
Abstract:
A new form of hydrides: fullerene hydride CnHx is proposed as an innovative approach for high density and safe storage of hydrogen for unmanned undersea vehicles, other submersibles, and for electric land vehicles. Preliminary results indicate that fullerene hydrides, have a significantly improved… More

Nanostructural Materials Based High Performance Air Separation Adsorbent

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Xiao Lu
Abstract:
A nano-sized carbon molecules-fullerene-based adsorbent is proposed for high efficient air separation applications via pressure-swing-adsorption (PSA) process, and developing oxygen separation system for on-board aircraft applications. Research works performed at MER showed that this adsorbent has… More

Development of a Low Cost Process by Which Greater Than Two-Inch Thick Particulate and Whisker Aluminyum Matrix Composites can be Produced

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.c. Withers
Abstract:
Discontinuous aluminum metal matrix composites (AL MMCs) have demonstrated promising behavior for ballistic structural armor applications. A fine grain matrix, low-cost processing and prevention of agglomeration of the reinforcement is lacking in current processing to produce Al MMCs. Low-cost… More

Low Cost, High Performance TiA1-Si3N4 Valves for High Output Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. N. Khasgiwale
Abstract:
Lightweight materials research and development is extremely important in groundbase vehicles to address problems with fuel economy, power output, emissions and mass reduction. This Phase I program will develop low cost, high performance TiAl-Si3N4 valves for use in both high output military diesel… More

Novel Lightweight Materials and Designs to Deflect Bullets for Body Armor and Helmets

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers
Abstract:
Current standard military armor is designed to stop fragments or bullets. Another concept of protection is through deflection of bullets as compared to today's heavyweight concepts of protection through stopping the bullet. Deflection instead of stopping the bullet could lead to extremely… More

The Development of a Functionally Graded Lightweight Cermet Protective Body Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.c. Withers
Abstract:
There is no currently available armor that will defeat the most lethal leaded steel-core 7.62 ball ammunition at 5.0 lbs/ft(2) or less. In order to ensure the survivability and provicde maximized mobility of the soldier as well as law enforcement, a protective body armor at less than 5lbs/ft(2) is… More

Low Cost Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Ceramic Powders for Armor Application

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,601.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. A. Rashed
Abstract:
Ceramic armor is increasingly gaining acceptance as the armor material of choise for defense applications. One way to increase the ballistic performance of ceramic armors is to enhance their fracture resistance br decreasing their gain size (i.e. decreased flaw size) within the microstructure. … More

Novel Metal Matrix Composite Concept for Smart/Adaptive Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$98,508.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers
Abstract:
Smart or adaptive structures comprised of shape memory alloy wires or thin films embedded within composites to remotely control the response of the composite to external stimuli. In contrast to the preset state-of-the-art, the bond strength of smart actuators to the surrounding polymeric composites… More

An Innovative Approach to Synthesis to Porous Intermetallic Matrix Composites for Regenerative Cooling Below 20K

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Abuagelah Rashed
Abstract:
40997 November 19, 1996 MER Chlorofluorocarbons (Freon) are being phased out of use for refrigeration. This project will develop a processing technology for active magnetic refrigeration devices which are being considered as candidates for replacements.… More

Economical Processing Of Carbon-Carbon Composites For Dual Use Aerospace And Commercial Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers , C.e.o.
Abstract:
N/a

LOW PRESSURE OXYGEN GENERATION AND STORAGE SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,995.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Electrode Materials For Lithuim Rechargeable Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$594,657.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
N/a

LOW COST, HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY C-C COMPOSITES VIA ONE-STEP MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel , Senior Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: Low Cost Bipolar Plates for Fuel Cell Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Raouf Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: Economic and Solvent-Free Separation/Purification of Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Chenyu Pan
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: The Development of a Solar Energy Thermal Process for Producing Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Xikun Wang
Abstract:
N/a

ACTIVE VIBRATION STABILIZATION BY SMART LEAD-FREE PIEZO CERAMIC/POLYMER HYBRID MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
V. Chellappa , Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Innovative Fabrication of SiC/SiC Composites with High Through-the-Thickness Thermal Conductivity

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel , Senior Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: The Development of a Process to Synthesize Open-Ended Buckytubes and Intercalate them with Lithium for the Use of Lithium Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Xikun Wang
Abstract:
N/a

Novel Fullerene Bed For Low Pressure Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
S. Lu , Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Low Cost Advanced Bipolar Plates for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. O. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
N/a

A Novel Technology for Si3N4-To Superalloy Joints With High Use Temperature Capability

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sumit Guha , Group Leader
Abstract:
36 A Novel Technology for Si3N4-Superalloy Joints With High Use Temperature Capability--Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER), 7960 South Kolb, Tucson, AZ 85706-9237; (520) 574-1980 Dr. Sumit Guha, Principal Investigator Dr. Raouf Loutfy, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

Novel Fabrication of Low Cost Performance Bipolar Plates

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. O. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
90 Novel Fabrication Method of Low Cost High Performance Bipolar Plates--Materials & Electrochemical Research (MER) Corporation, 7960 South Kolb Road, Tucson, AZ 85706-3237; (520) 574-1980 Dr. R. O. Loutfy, Principal Investigator Dr. J. C. Withers, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

A Novel Divertor Design Based on a Tungsten Wire Brush Tile

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sumit Guha , Group Leader
Abstract:
195 A Novel Divertor Design Based on a Tungsten Wire Brush Tile--Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER) Corp., 7960 South Kolb, Tucson, AZ 85706-9237; (520) 574-1980 Dr. Sumit Guha, Principal Investigator Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82423 Amount:… More

Design and Synthesis of Novel Nanolaminate Materials of the B-C-N-Ti System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.c. Withers
Abstract:
Novel nanolaminate materials produced and modeled at BlRL/Northwestern University have remarkable and technologically attractive properties achieving superhardnesses significantly above that of either component alone. This suggests that the materials combination of a refractory metal such as… More

The Development of a Polymer/Ceramic Hierarchical Design Nanocomposite

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.c. Withers
Abstract:
Composites consisting of a polymer matrix bonded ceramic filler have significant potential in strength, hardness, elastic modulus, wear resistance and chemical resistance which has not been realized in state-of-the-art systems. Nature provides many examples of organic (polymer)/inorganic… More

Fabrication of a Low-Cost, Lightweight Cu-AlN Composite for Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. C. K. Unni
Abstract:
High thermal conductivity materials with low CTE, and high strength and stiffness are required for high thermal flux applications. In addition, if these materials are relatively inexpensive, lightweight and non-toxic, and have low vapor pressure to survive in space-operating environments, they will… More

A Novel High Thermal Conductivity, Low CTE, Low Weight MMC Substrate for Microelectronics Packaging

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. Sepulveda
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I program proposes the development of a high thermal conductivity (470-550 W/mK), low coefficient of thermal expansion (5-8 ppm/K), and low weight (2.9-4.3 g/cc) Cu based metal matrix composite material to produce high performance substrates for… More

Innovative Fabrication of SiC/SiC Composites with High Through-the-Thickness Thermal Conductivity

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel , Senior Scientist
Abstract:
41115 November 20, 1996 MER Double layer silicon carbide (SiC/SiC) composites offer excellent potential in fusion energy devices as well as for numerous commercial applications. However, high manufacturing costs and very low through-the-thickness thermal… More

A High Density Liquid Hydride Based Hydrogen Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xiao (sean) Lu
Abstract:
A liquid chemical hydride-based hydrogen storage system is proposed for high density hydrogen supply for fuel cell power generation applications. Research works performed at MER showed that certain liquid hydrides can be catalytically dehydrogenated at temperatures as low as 150¿C. The released… More

A New Generation of Magnetic Medium for Improved Information Storage Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
S. Guha
Abstract:
A new generation of information (magnetic) storage medium is being proposed in the form of carbon nanotubes infiltrated with a ferro-magnetic material core. By virtue of their acicular shape and small size (2-20 nm diameter and 50-200 nm in length), such carbon nanotubes with a magnetic material… More

Low Cost Advanced Bipolar Plates for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$720,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. O. Loutfy , President
Abstract:
40264 November 6, 1996 Materials & Electrochemical Research Corporation This Phase I project will demonstrate the applicability of a novel approach to produce low cost, high conductivity bipolar plates for fuel cell applications. Conductive polymers… More

Diamond/W Microcathode/Microcathode Array with Very High Field Emission Current Density

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. C. Pan
Abstract:
Diamond has recently emerged as a promising material for electron field emission due to its unsurpassed properties of low voltage and room temperature operation, operation robustness, simple design, and reproducibility. However, the present diamond cathodes, which are microcrystalline diamond thin… More

SBIR Phase I: High Efficiency Diamond Micro-Cold Cathode for Electron Field Emission

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Chenyu Pan
Abstract:
N/a

A Low Cost Fire-Retardant Material Alternative for School Buses

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

LOW PRESSURE OXYGEN GENERATION AND STORAGE SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$741,512.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: One-Step Manufaturing Process for Low-Cost Silicon Carbide/Silicon Carbide Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel
Abstract:
N/a

Fullerene Bed As Non-Venting Regenerative Co2/H20 Removal System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
R.O. Loufty , PRESIDENT
Abstract:
N/a

Silicon Carbide Whiskers Reinforced Alumina Coatings on SiC-SiC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$300,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Manufacturing Processing to Produce Economical Ceramic Fibers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$300,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
James Withers
Abstract:
N/a

LOW COST, HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY C-C COMPOSITES VIA ONE-STEP MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$598,683.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel , Senior Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

High Performance Armor Based on Low Cost Nanocrystalline Cermanic Powders

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. A. Rashed
Abstract:
Ceramic armor is increasingly gaining acceptance as the armor material of choise for defense applications. One way to increase the ballistic performance of ceramic armors is to enhance their fracture resistance br decreasing their gain size (i.e. decreased flaw size) within the microstructure. … More

High Density Liquid Hydride Based Hydrogen Storage System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$742,293.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xiao (sean) Lu
Abstract:
A liquid chemical hydride-based hydrogen storage system is proposed for high density hydrogen supply for fuel cell power generation applications. Research works performed at MER showed that certain liquid hydrides can be catalytically dehydrogenated at temperatures as low as 150¿C. The released… More

Low Cost C-HfC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel
Abstract:
Carbon fiber - hafnium carbide matrix composites are investigated for numerous propulsion applications. High manufacturing cost precluding wider application of this technology. This proposal builds upon novel, low cost C-C composite and CVR conversion technology developed at MER. One step, low cost… More

AFFORDABLE OXIDATION INHIBITED CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES FOR 1200 DEGREE F APPLICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$450,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr W. Kowbel
Abstract:
Affordable/low cost carbon-carbon (C-C) composites are enabling to a number of defense, aerospace and commercial applications. However, in addition to cost, their limitation is carbon gasification in oxidative environments above about 750¿F (=400¿C). An inhibited carbon matrix that reduces… More

AFFORDABLE OXIDATION INHIBITED CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES FOR 1200 DEGREE F APPLICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr W. Kowbel
Abstract:
Affordable/low cost carbon-carbon (C-C) composites are enabling to a number of defense, aerospace and commercial applications. However, in addition to cost, their limitation is carbon gasification in oxidative environments above about 750¿F (=400¿C). An inhibited carbon matrix that reduces… More

The Application of Plasma Assist Chemical Vapor Deposition (PACVD) Coatings for Die Casting Dies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. S. Dimitrijevic , Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
50957-98-I The Application of Plasma Assist Chemical Vapor Deposition (PACVD) Coatings for Die Casting Dies--Materials and Electrochemical Research (MER), 7960 South Kolb, Tucson, AZ 85706-9237; (520) 574-1980 Dr. S. Dimitrijevic, Principal Investigator Dr. J.C. Withers, Business Official DOE… More

A Novel Processing Technique for the Large-Scale Production of Red Phosphorus

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sumit Guha
Abstract:
Current techniques for the production of red phosphorus powders cannot produce 5¿m size powders while maintaining a pure surface. Two new processing techniques are suggested that are capable of processing red phosphorus into powders 5¿m or smaller in size. These techniques have been demonstrated… More

Economic and Solvent-Free Separation/Purification of Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Chenyu Pan
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR PHASE I: Self-Lubricating Ceramic/Polymer Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Timothy Lowe
Abstract:
N/a

Isotropic Low CTE C-C Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

A Low Cost In-Situ Bimetallic Reduction Prototype System for the Treatment and Remediation of Chlorinated Solvent-Contaminated Waters

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

High Thermal Conductivity C-C Composites For Chip-On Structure

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Advanced Fullerene Thermal Protection for Exterior Aircraft Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
E Veksler
Abstract:
Not Available Photodetectors operating at 8-15 mm and beyond are of great importance for commercial and military applications in infrared (IR) thermal imaging. InAs/InGaSb type-II quantum wells (QWs) have advantages over HgCdTe for applications requiring higher temperature and longer wavelength… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Innovative Technology for High Performance Low Temperature Regenerators for Advanced Cryocoolers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,429.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy
Abstract:
N/a

Carbon Nanofiber Electrode Arrays for the Integration Into On-Chip Electrochemical Biosensor Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
R Loutfy
Abstract:
N/a

Development Of Processing To Produce Transparent Aluminum Nitride For Infra-red Windows In Hypersonic Missiles.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,828.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
JC Withers
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$300,000.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr S Dimitrijevic , Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Low Cost High Energy Density Lithium-ion Batteries for Low Temperature Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice-President Technology
Abstract:
N/a

Integrated C-SiC Optical Reflectors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Diamond/Carbon-Nanotube Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stevan Dimitrijevic, Senior scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Low Cost, High energy Density, and Pressure Tolerant Lithium-ion Battery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
ROLotfy
Abstract:
Not Available Highly energetic chemical processes, such as exothermic reactions and high velocity collisional excitation, play critical roles in many military and commercial applications. However, it is usually difficult due to time and/or length scales, or impractical due to the high cost of… More

Processing PZT/Polymer Composites for Automobile Sensing Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Xiaoxin Xia
Abstract:
N/a

Novel Material Systems for Rapid Prototyping Titanium and Titanium Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Kennteth Newell
Abstract:
N/a

Rapid Tooling Via Fullerene Reactivity with Interstitial Boron

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Kenneth Newell
Abstract:
N/a

Low Thermal Expansion Substrate Containing Multiple Micro-heat Pipes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Jared Sommer
Abstract:
N/a

PZT/COMPOSITES FOR ULTRASOUND TRANSDUCERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Xiaoxin Xia
Abstract:
N/a

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Not Available Satellites are linked to an earth station by transmitting and receiving a microwave beam through antennas. The current antennas of choice for earth stations are parabolic reflector antennas such as those used for tracking telemetry and control (TT&C) for the AFSCN. These antennas are… More

Diamond-Like Carbon Dielectric Films for Electronic Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Jared Sommer
Abstract:
Not Available A need exists for an energetic material whose energy release rate and magnitude can be controlled so that it can provide either high internal blast or high metal acceleration or a muted output. This material is needed in conjunction with an adaptable ordnance technology program… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Jared L. Sommer, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Research Institution:
WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE
RI Contact:
Frank Lemire
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stevan Dimitrijevic, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Weijong Li, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Manager, Composites
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Jarred Sommer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy, Research Manager
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,996.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Stevan Dimitrijevic, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy, Senior Research Manager
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$120,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice-President Technology
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice-President Technology
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Manager
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Manager
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Jared Sommer, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$98,976.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
S. Pickard, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Ultra-lightweight SiC Structures for Large Telescopes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
Current materials technology greatly limits the development of ultra-lightweight very large telescopes. This proposal details an innovative approach capable of yielding large structures exhibiting less than 1 kg/m2 areal density. The approach is based on high thermal conductivity thin C-C technology… More

SiC-Based High Energy Laser Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,763.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
SiC-based materials exhibit excellent thermal, mechanical, and optical properties. In addition, excellent polishability has been established for CVD-SiC. The use of CVD-SiC in optical applications requires the joining of dissimilar materials. Thisproposal offers an integrated approach to… More

Design Methodology and Validation for Multifunctional Composite Armor (MSC P0G01-032)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$780,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, President
Abstract:
Nanocomposites consisting of nanotubes in a polymer matrix have the potential tosignificantly enhance the energy absorbing capacity and ballistic impact resistancefor ultr-lightweight personnel armor. Multiwalled nanotubes (MWNT) in polycarbonateshowed substantial compressive strength enhancement… More

Environmentally Insensitive Active Decluttering

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$300,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The Phase I program demonstrated molybdenum-rhenium (Mo-Re) alloys exhibited negligible erosion and wear in terms of weight loss, which was nearly 100 times less than chromium plated gun steel in vented bomb test at 40,000 lbs/in2 using EX-99 propellant.Laser fusion fabrication was utilized and a… More

Nanotubes As Cathode Materials for High Energy Density Li-Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
It is proposed to establish the technical feasibility of using carbon nanotubes as a novel anion intercalating cathode materials for lithium-ion battery. The proposed concept will result in a novel lithium-ion battery of low cost, high energy, high power, long cycle life and safe for portable… More

Nanotube Composite Materials For Balloons and Aerobots

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Innovative materials are key to buoyant vehicles for terrestrial and extraterrestrial applications in NASA's Space and Earth Science Enterprises. Thin film membranes which have resistance to UV degradation, temperature operation up to 750¿K, low helium permeability with good handling and folding… More

Detector Arrays Based on Fast Scintillators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
65542 Damage resistant, high precision optics that can operate at 1/4 to 1/3 micron wavelengths are critical for use in DOE inertial fusion power plants. However, currently used metallic and silica laser fusion mirrors suffer from low thermal conductivity or high coefficient of thermal… More

A Nitrate Biosensor for Monitoring Groundwater at DOE Sites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Jignesh Patel, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
65659 Meso carbon micro beads (MCMB) produce the best performing anode for lithium-ion batteries, but their expense limits the wide spread use of these batteries. The MCMB expense results from the use of an expensive synthetic mesophase pitch plus extensive processing. Other forms of carbon… More

Fullerene-Dendrimer Optical Limiters

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Stevan Dimitrijevic, Sr Scientist
Abstract:
General objective of this program is to develop efficient optical limiters based onfullerene-dendrimer supramolecular structures. The scientific basis of the proposedprogram is nonlinear optical behavior of fullerenes and dependence of that behavioron interaction between fullerene molecules and… More

Novel Approach to the Fabrication of a C-SiC Blisk

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
Currently used processing methods for fabricating C-SiC are inadequate for the production of thick sections (over 1 inch) composite structures. This proposal offers a novel approach based on the Chemical Vapor Reaction Process (CVR). A low-cost C-C composite of controlled porosity will be converted… More

Ductile Intermetallic Joining for Heavy Alloy

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Dyadko, Research Engineer
Abstract:
Good ballistic performance results when the maximum kinetic energy is delivered tothe target. Increasing the weight of the projectile achieves this goal. Onereasonable way to enhance the mass behind the nose of the penetrator is to augmentits size. The conflict between increased lethality for large… More

Advanced Materials and Cooling Schemes for Rocket Engine Combustion Chambers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Veksler, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Proposed enhancement of the thermal control of rocket engine combustion chambers is achieved by implementing advanced high thermal conductivity, light weight polycapillary materials (APM) to provide improved transpiration cooling of the walls and/ordevelop efficient ablative chamber wall material. … More

New Advanced Gasar-Materials for Light Tactical Vehicle Brake Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Vlad Shapovalov, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
A novel approach for the development of high performance brake components isproposed based on gasar technology. The approach involves filling of highly porous gasar matrices made of wear-resistance alloys with abrasive powder to create new bake components.Gasar technology provides the capabilities… More

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Catalytic Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Efficient on board reformer using battlefield fuel (diesel and JP-8 fuels) to producehigh purity hydrogen is needed for fuel cells deployment. It is proposed to investigate the feasibility of developing compact, low cost, lightweight, highly effectivemultichannels membrane reformer. Micron size… More

Construct and Field Test a High Productivity Whole Tree Harvester For Biomass Production

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Jared L. Sommer, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
65797 Metal nanoparticles incorporated in heat-transfer fluids at very low solid volume fractions (

Compiling for Application-Specific Computational Acceleration in Reconfigurable Architectures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Alexander P. Moravsky, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
65201 Carbon nanotubes of uniform structure and properties are highly promising new materials for energy production, storage devices, and many other applications. However, a major impediment to the implementation of carbon nanotubes has been an inability to produce sufficiently pure and… More

A Continuous Reactor for the Large Scale Production Of Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
It is proposed to development of a large-scale production apparatus that produces single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) and catalytic multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT) on a continuous process basis. A novel and flexible reactor design will be investigated. Theproposed reactor design will allow the… More

Novel Fabrication Technology For Lattice Fins

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
The nature of lattice fins allows them to be folded close to the weapon's structurewhen not deployed. That opens up the way for internal ordnance carriage, which leadsto the reduction of both flow field drag and radar detection. The high cost oflattice fin fabrication remains an issue. The current… More

Multifunctional Carbon, SiC and Polymer Textile Fibers Reinforced with Nanotubes for Enhanced Performance

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Sr Scientst
Abstract:
Due to poor nanotube-matrix interactions, the exemplary properties of carbon nanotubes have yet to be realized in composite applications. Fiber architectures offer promise for allowing integration and alignment of the nanotube into the matrix, yielding acomposite fiber that fully realizes the… More

Development of Lithium-Ion Cells for High Rate Pulse Power Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, VP Electrochemical Tech.
Abstract:
A novel approach for the development of a lithium-ion battery system is proposedfor pulse power aerospace applications. The approach involves fabrication ofthin-film electrodes with nano-particles cathode and anode materials having highcapacity and high rate capability, use of high lithium-ion… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Low Cost Tech for High PerfoRmance Integrated Microcombustor/Evaporator

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project demonstrates a new approach for fabrication of microscale combustors for hydrocarbon fuels. Novel technology for microchannel products will be combined with a microreactor concept to fabricate a highly efficient microscale integrated… More

Simple High-Power Fuel Cell Based UPS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mathias Hecht, Sr. Engineer
Abstract:
The rapid spread of Internet and high-bandwidth telecommunication technologies andthe over-utilization of the power grid in the U.S. result in a fast growth of theUPS market. Current problems with battery or diesel generator based UPSs forhigh-power applications include environmental problems and… More

SBIR Phase I:Nanocrystalline diamond coated Aligned Nanotubes as electron Emitter

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,989.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will establish the electron emission behavior of aligned nanotubes coated conformal coating of nanocrystalline diamond. Carbon nanotubes and nanocrystalline diamond has recently attracted attention due to their promising electronic and… More

Needleless Topical Administration of Dengue DNA Vaccine

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Rapid fire small arms gun performance is limited by wear and erosion in the chromiumplated steel gun barrels which are also heavy for infantry use. Ceramic lined steelgun barrels have demonstrated potential to eliminate the wear and erosion but havefailure from cracking for lack of toughness,… More

Oxygen Source for Underwater Vehicle Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,948.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
V. Shapovalov, Senior Scientist
Research Institution:
SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY
RI Contact:
K. L. Wilson
Abstract:
The proposed project is a joint effort between MER and Sandia National Laboratory and it is devoted to the development of ¿ new oxygen high-pressure storage (OHPS) system. OHPS has a number of advantages over previously known designs such as convenience ofoperation, safety against explosive gas… More

Ultra-Lightweight SiC Mirror Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Kowbel, Manager, Composites
Abstract:
SiC based mirrors offer great potential for space-borne structures. Current support technology is limited due to poor fracture toughness of RBSiC. This proposal offers a novel, composite technology to produce near zero CTE structure exhibiting only 4 kg/m2 aerial density.

Ultra-Lightweight SiC Mirror Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Kowbel, Manager, Composites
Abstract:
SiC based mirrors offer great potential for space-borne structures. Current support technology is limited due to poor fracture toughness of RBSiC. This proposal offers a novel, composite technology to produce near zero CTE structure exhibiting only 4 kg/m2 aerial density.

Low-Cost Arc Process to Produce Single-Walled Nano-TubesT Using Coal-Based Starting Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
60756 Recently discovered fullerene nano-tubes (also known as Single-Walled Nano-Tubes, SWNT) may have wide applicability because of their unique structure, as well as their physical and chemical properties. This project will develop a continuous reactor to economically produce high-yield… More

The Development and Commercial Demonstration of Reliable Highly Adherent Metalization of AIN

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
60318 The substitution of AlN for beryllia (in microelectronics, high-power microwave tubes, heat sinks, etc.), to eliminate the adverse environmental and health impacts of beryllia, is presently hampered by a lack of suitable techniques for metallizing the AlN. Non-oxide ceramics such as AlN… More

The Development and Commercial Demonstration of Reliable Highly Adherent Metalization of AIN

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. C. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
60318 The substitution of AlN for beryllia (in microelectronics, high-power microwave tubes, heat sinks, etc.), to eliminate the adverse environmental and health impacts of beryllia, is presently hampered by a lack of suitable techniques for metallizing the AlN. Non-oxide ceramics such as AlN… More

Low-Cost Arc Process to Produce Single-Walled Nano-TubesT Using Coal-Based Starting Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
60756 Recently discovered fullerene nano-tubes (also known as Single-Walled Nano-Tubes, SWNT) may have wide applicability because of their unique structure, as well as their physical and chemical properties. This project will develop a continuous reactor to economically produce high-yield… More

Novel Joining Technique for Oxide-Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Jared L. Sommer, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
60754 Oxide-dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide alloys have been shown to exhibit high creep strength and excellent corrosion resistance. However, it is difficult to join the alloys because the dispersed oxides agglomerate, thus compromising the mechanical properties of the base… More

A Novel and New Ultra-Lightweight Reinforcement for Producing Low-Mass Optical S

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. JC Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
Ultra-light materials are enabling for producing space based optical components and support structures. Heretofore, innovative design using existing materials has been the approach to produce lightweight optical systems. Graphite fiber, because of its lightweight, reinforced composites have been a… More

Novel Joining Technique for Oxide-Dispersion Strengthened Iron Aluminide Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Jared L. Sommer, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
60754 Oxide-dispersion strengthened (ODS) iron aluminide alloys have been shown to exhibit high creep strength and excellent corrosion resistance. However, it is difficult to join the alloys because the dispersed oxides agglomerate, thus compromising the mechanical properties of the base… More

A Novel and New Ultra-Lightweight Reinforcement for Producing Low-Mass Optical S

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. JC Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
Ultra-light materials are enabling for producing space based optical components and support structures. Heretofore, innovative design using existing materials has been the approach to produce lightweight optical systems. Graphite fiber, because of its lightweight, reinforced composites have been a… More

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Catalytic Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$748,055.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
The ability to reform battlefield fuels to highly enriched hydrogen gas would facilitate the use of fuel cells as an efficient electric generators for deployed forces. This SBIR Phase II program is focused on the optimization of highly efficient andcompact minireformers for this application. The… More

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$239,800.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
A novel approach for the development of a lightweight, low-cost, compact, and quick start-up on-board fuel reformer is proposed in this Phase II program. The approach is based on a novel MER¿s technique for the fabrication of multichannel mini-reactors incorporating hydrogen separating membrane. … More

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Catalytic Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R.o. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
The ability to reform battlefield fuels to highly enriched hydrogen gas would facilitate the use of fuel cells as an efficient electric generators for deployed forces. This SBIR Phase II program is focused on the optimization of highly efficient andcompact minireformers for this application. The… More

Development of Light-Weight, Low-Cost Multichannels Membrane Reformer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
A novel approach for the development of a lightweight, low-cost, compact, and quick start-up on-board fuel reformer is proposed in this Phase II program. The approach is based on a novel MER¿s technique for the fabrication of multichannel mini-reactors incorporating hydrogen separating membrane. … More

Ultra Lightweight SiC Based Mirrors for High Energy Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$64,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
SiC materials offer excellent characteristics for high energy lasers applications. However, both monolithic and RBSI materials suffer from brittleness. This proposal builds on the concept of ultra lightweight C-C (SiC) composite structure, which yieldvery high thermal conductivity and modulus. … More

An Advanced Nanotube Composite Fiber for High Temperature Components in Turbomachinery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. JC Withers
Abstract:
Innovations in turbomachinery is required to make improvements in performance and efficiency as well as minimizing global climate impact in systems for propulsion, power generation and energy conversion. Advanced high temperature materials that enable high-performance, ultra-high efficiency and… More

Novel Technology for High Energy-Absorbing Metallic Foams and Structural Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$1,729,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lev Tuchinskiy, Sr. Research Manager
Abstract:
"The goal of this Phase II SBIR program is to optimize and scale-up the innovative technology for fabrication of metal foams with random and oriented porous structure. The technology enables accurate control of porosity, size and orientation of pores. Thenear-net-shape sandwich, shell, and tubular… More

Ductile Intermetallic Joints for Heavy Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Dyadko, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
"Good ballistic performance results when the maximum kinetic energy is delivered to the target. Increasing the weight of the projectile achieves this goal. One reasonable way to enhance the mass behind the nose of the penetrator is to augment its size. Theconflict between increased lethality for… More

A Continuous Reactor for the Large Scale Production of Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
R.O.Loutfy, President
Abstract:
"The Phase I effort made significant headway in the understanding of the catalytic formation mechanism of carbon nanotubes (CNT's). Armed with this knowledge a systematic evaluation of potential processes for large-scale CNT production was undertaken. Theevaluation of arc, hot plasma, catalytic… More

Novel, Low-Cost Processing Of Functionally Gradient Ceramic-Matrix, Metal-Matrix Composite Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,976.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
R. Katz, Research Institution
Abstract:
"State-of-the-art steel gun tubes and coating liners from gun tubes that inherently have abrupt interfaces limit propellants and projectiles that can be used, and fire rates that can be attained, as well as the life of the gun tube. A novel ceramic matrixcomposite (CMC) functionally graded into a… More

Ceramic Composite Lined Metal Composite Gun Barrels for Small Arms

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
"Small arms steel barrels suffer from high weight, wear anderosion and unacceptable thermal exchange at high fire rates.Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) possess inherent properties thatcould ameliorate wear/erosion and reduced heat transfer at highfire rates. The investigation of CMC?s in steel… More

Simple High-Power Fuel Cell Based UPS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,946.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mathias Hecht, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
"It has been demonstrated that the proposed concept of a fuel cell based UPS is a viable alternative to battery, flywheel, or combustion engine based solutions in the multi-kW range. The new UPS system combines completely instantaneous transfer responsewith high reliability and environmental… More

Synthesis of Bulk Amount of Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65201 Carbon nanotubes of uniform structure and properties are highly promising new materials for energy production, storage devices, and many other applications. A new type of carbon nanotube with two tubular layers (double-wall carbon nanotube, DWNT) shows improved physical properties over… More

Amended Silicate Sorbents for Mercury Removal from Flue Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65659 Meso carbon micro beads (MCMB) produce the best performing anode for lithium-ion batteries, but their expense limits the wide spread use of these batteries. The MCMB expense results from the use of an expensive synthetic mesophase pitch, available only from overseas sources, plus… More

Low Cost Al/Diamond Composites for Thermal Management Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sion Pickard, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
In Phase I, MER has demonstrated low cost diamond/Al and diamond/Mg composites, which have the highest thermal conductivity of any known isotropic composite available today (>640 W/m/K), with low CTE (

Low Cost Al/Diamond Composites for Thermal Management Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Sion Pickard, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
In Phase I, MER has demonstrated low cost diamond/Al and diamond/Mg composites, which have the highest thermal conductivity of any known isotropic composite available today (>640 W/m/K), with low CTE (

Novel Approach to the Fabrication of a C-SiC Blisk

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
Currently used processing methods for fabricating C-SiC are inadequate for the production of thick sections (over 1 inch) composite structures. This proposal offers a novel approach based on the Chemical Vapor Reaction Process (CVR). A low-cost C-C composite of controlled porosity will be converted… More

Novel Approach to the Fabrication of a C-SiC Blisk

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel, Sr. Scientist
Abstract:
Currently used processing methods for fabricating C-SiC are inadequate for the production of thick sections (over 1 inch) composite structures. This proposal offers a novel approach based on the Chemical Vapor Reaction Process (CVR). A low-cost C-C composite of controlled porosity will be converted… More

Amended Silicate Sorbents for Mercury Removal from Flue Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65659 Meso carbon micro beads (MCMB) produce the best performing anode for lithium-ion batteries, but their expense limits the wide spread use of these batteries. The MCMB expense results from the use of an expensive synthetic mesophase pitch, available only from overseas sources, plus… More

Synthesis of Bulk Amount of Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
65201 Carbon nanotubes of uniform structure and properties are highly promising new materials for energy production, storage devices, and many other applications. A new type of carbon nanotube with two tubular layers (double-wall carbon nanotube, DWNT) shows improved physical properties over… More

A Graded Density SiC Foam for Lightweight Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. JC Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Lightweight silicon carbide optics and structures are extremely important to explore the Structure and Evolution of the Universe. State-of-the-art SiC is too heavy, contains other phases which interfere with producing an acceptable optical surface and is anistropic causing distortions with… More

Hybrid C-C/Foam Thermal Radiators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
"Currently used polymeric composites in space thermal management suffer from high cost, low thermal conductivity and CRe mismatch with metallic housing. A novel hybrid carbon-carbon (C-C) composite/graphite foam approach is proposed. C-C composite offersstructural requirements, while foam provides… More

Carbon Nanotubes Array as Novel Thermionic Emitting Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
It is proposed to investigate the technical feasibility of using aligned nanotubes arrays coated with conformal coating of nanocrystalline diamond as efficient thermionic emitter. Carbon nanotubes and nanocrystalline diamond has recently attracted attention due to their promising electronic and… More

SiC-Based Laser Fusion Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel
Abstract:
65542 Silicon-carbide-based mirrors are essential if inertial fusion energy is to become practical. Current SiC mirror technologies suffer from several shortcomings including high areal density, impurities, low stiffness, and core/base print-through which has precluded producing acceptable… More

SiC-Based Laser Fusion Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel
Abstract:
65542 Silicon-carbide-based mirrors are essential if inertial fusion energy is to become practical. Current SiC mirror technologies suffer from several shortcomings including high areal density, impurities, low stiffness, and core/base print-through which has precluded producing acceptable… More

Hydrogenated Nanotubes for Ultra-lightweight, Radiation hardened Thin Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The discovery of multiwalled (MWNT) and singlewall (SWNT) carbon nanotubes with their unique structure, electronic and mechanical properties has the potential of creating novel and advanced composite materials. The carbon nanotubes, which are, formed of seamless graphene layers, represent the ideal… More

High Strength, Oxidation Resistant Carbon/Carbon Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Lori Bracamonte, Senior Research Scientist
Research Institution:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
RI Contact:
Terry Payne
Abstract:
"Higher strength carbon/carbon (C/C) composites are required if such components are to replace currently used titanium products in the aircraft industry. This Phase I STTR addresses this need with the development of C/C composites with a 3-D fiberarchitecture and a reinforced carbon matrix. The… More

Nanotube Composite Materials For Balloons and Aerobots

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,950.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Innovative materials are key to buoyant vehicles for terrestrial and extraterrestrial applications in NASA's Space and Earth Science Enterprises. Thin film membranes which have resistance to UV degradation, temperature operation up to 750¿K, low helium permeability with good handling and folding… More

Nanotube Composite Materials For Balloons and Aerobots

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Innovative materials are key to buoyant vehicles for terrestrial and extraterrestrial applications in NASA's Space and Earth Science Enterprises. Thin film membranes which have resistance to UV degradation, temperature operation up to 750¿K, low helium permeability with good handling and folding… More

Low Pressure Adsorbent for Recovery & Storage Vented Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr.RO Loutfy, President
Abstract:
A high performance fullerene-based adsorbent is proposed for recovery and storage hydrogen and separating helium via pressure-swing-adsorption (PSA) process. Research work performed at MER showed that the proposed adsorbent has an exceptionally high hydrogen adsorption capacity at low pressure and… More

Affordable High Strength Face Gears

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
J.c. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
"The materials properties and inability to grind highly hardened steel into face gears as well as their weight, have limited their inherent advantage and application in high power density aerospace and transportation systems. Laser fusion free-formfabrication has demonstrated custom material… More

Thermal Management Techniques for Bonded Electronic Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,960.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
"This SBIR Phase I seeks to develop a family of unique highly thermally conductive diamond/epoxy composite adhesives for die attach of power electronic devices. Diamond has a conductivity of above 1800 W/m.K as compared to the conventional epoxy matrixwith a conductivity of 0.2 W/m.K. Hence the… More

The Development of Refractory Materials as Gun Barrel Liners

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
"State-of-the-art gun barrels limit the munition and propellant that can be utilized due to excessive erosion that limits the life and performance capabilities and adversely affects the operating cost and required force levels. In order to increase barrellife, as well as accommodating the use of… More

Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,987.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Chris Chen, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
"With both the increasing density of semiconductor devices and the increasing power from these devices, substrates having high thermal conductivity will be needed. This program proposes an innovative materials that has thermal conductivity higher than 500W/m¿K, CTE matches to Si or GaAs, and… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Novel Low Cost Technology for High-Performance Integrated Microcombustor/Evaporator

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project is aimed at the continued development of novel microscale combustors/evaporators, which are intended for evaporation of fuel and water in fuel reformers as well as for personal portable heating and cooling systems. The general objective… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: Novel Low Cost Technology for High-Performance Integrated Microcombustor/Evaporator

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project is aimed at the continued development of novel microscale combustors/evaporators, which are intended for evaporation of fuel and water in fuel reformers as well as for personal portable heating and cooling systems. The general objective… More

Modular Fuel Cell Based Power Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mathias Hecht, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
"It is proposed to develop power generator modulars that can be stacked to obtain different power level. Power generation is based on advanced fuel cell technology that allows sudden switching and excellent load following. The design will be based onMER's low cost fuel cell technology. The… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I:Advanced Light Weight Thermal and electrical Insulation Using Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop as well as establish technical and commercial feasibility of the advanced low weight thermal and electrical insulation materials using fullerenes. This approach combines high reflectivity of metal foil and high absorptivity of low… More

Durability Improvement of Lightweight Track and Suspension Components for Armored Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
"The limitations of conventional metals processing limits the features that can be designed into track suspension components such as road wheels. These designs tradeoffs results in less than optimum performance, excessive weight and high cost. Solid freeform fabrication of metals can produce the… More

Small Scale Fuel Cells for Ground Personnel

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
P. Perumal, Principal Investigate
Abstract:
"This DoD Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project proposes an innovative fullerene-polymer based electrolyte for PEM fuel cells. A limitation of the commercially available perfluorinated sulfonic acid electrolytes is that they are highlydependent on humidification and do not function well… More

Nano-Particle Size Sintering Aids for High Stength and High Performance AlON Missle Domes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,968.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Ching-Fong Chen, Director of New Technolog
Abstract:
"AlON is a covalent bond material, which requires a sintering aid for liquid phase sintering. To minimize the IR scattering, the sintering aid has to be minimized. In order to overcome the very little amount of sintering aid, the sintering time andsintering temperature have to be increased so that… More

Thermionic Power Source Technology.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Mathias Hecht, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
"It is proposed to survey existing thermionic converter technology and to determine how significant improvements can be achieved. All components for thermionic generators will be critically evaluated and improvements in design and materials will be sought.It will be evaluated if high performance… More

High Density Hydrogen Storage in Cellular Gas Storage Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R.O.Loutfy, President
Abstract:
A major drawback to using hydrogen to power a fuel cells for ground support equipment is its storage requirement. High-pressure hydrogen gas storage in high strength fiber wound cylinders is becoming the near term acceptable method. This approach canfurther be improved in term of cost, reliability,… More

Affordable High Strength Face Gears""

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Vice President
Abstract:
The limitations of conventional processing for the manufacture of face gears have limited the development of advanced gears with improved performance. The application of plasma transferred arc solid free form fabrication to the manufacture of these gearswill greatly expand the design options… More

Advanced Thermal Barrier Coatings for Turbine Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72391S03-I Thermal barrier coatings (TBC) can provide improved engine performance, particularly with respect to specific fuel consumption. However, current thermal barrier coatings for turbine components do not have the required level of performance, due in part to catastrophic delamination from… More

Advanced Surface Heat Exchanger Via High Strength Graphite Foam

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
Currently employed surface heat exchanger utilizes Titanium metal. The low thermal conductivity of titanium combines with its high density results in significantly design penalties. Applications of graphite foam to the heat exchangers offers potentialsignificant performance and weight benefits. … More

High Performance Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Lithium Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72394S03-I Solid lithium-ion conductive electrolytes offer great promise for the development of low cost, long life, safe lithium-based batteries for vehicular applications. Such solid electrolytes must have an ionic conductivity greater than 10-3 S/cm, a lithium-ion transference number greater… More

Modular Fuel Cell Based Power Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mathias Hecht, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A new modular fuel cell powered generator has been developed. The generator is based on a high efficiency fuel cell design and operates without gas humidification. A prototype has been built and demonstrated to Air Force and industry representatives. Ithas been shown that the fuel cell generator has… More

The Development of Be/Be Alloy Substitute Material for Optical Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Beryllium and beryllium alloys have been used in a wide variety of military/defense applications because of its ultra-lightweight and other inherent properties. However, because of its health hazards its use will be phased out in the next few years, thusrequiring an affordable substitute with… More

Low Cost AlON For IR Window Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Chris Chen, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is to develop a transparent AlON with low cost and exceptional mechanical properties. The low cost AlON can be achieved by controlling the material synthesis, which reduces the particle size andenhances the uniformity of the starting materials.… More

FGM HfC/Sic Composites for RlV Leading Edge Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
W. Kowbel, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Future RLV applications require high temperature, durable refractory composites capable of up to 4000?aF temperature use with multiple missions. Currently used technology for X-43A is highly limited in this regard. Thus a novel approach is proposed to alleviate this problem. It is based upon FGM… More

Materials Based Solution for ImprovedThermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
OHIO UNIV.
RI Contact:
M. Khairul Alum
Abstract:
This Small business Innovation Research Phase I project, will investigate state-of-the art materials to improve thermal management for high power semiconductor devices in ship board applications. This materials based design approach will utilize ultra highconductivity diamond/metal matrix spreader… More

Carbon Based Nano-Additives for Chemically and Biologically Protective Polymeric Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
Mohammed Abdelkader, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I Project ? is primarily to investigate the chemical and biological protective properties of nano-additives in bulk and in polymers. Conventional chemical and biological protective materials are based onactivated carbon, polymers and their combinations.… More

High Toughness Ceramics Containing Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,986.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf Loutfy, President
Abstract:
There is a need to improve the toughness of armor materials to improve low-speed impact resistance. The approach for achieving this was to reinforce nanosized ceramic matrices with carbon nanotubes. In Phase I, it was determined that the diameters andtheir impact on dispersion of the nanotubes is… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Sensing Materials Based on Carbon Nanotube-Polymer Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Mohammed Abdelkader
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will investigate the effect of carbon nanotubes on the photoconductivity of electroactive polymer matrix composites and on their performance and sensing efficiency. Several formulations of additives/polymer(s), including functionalized… More

A Low Cost Electrolytic Process to Produce Titanium Alloy From Ti02-MxOy

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,983.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The production of titanium is by the Kroll process, which is mature, yet expensive, limiting titanium?s usages. Titanium alloys are produced by mixing the alloying elements with Kroll pure titanium and performing several vacuum remelts to reduceinterstitial contaminants. Electrolysis to produce… More

The Development of Gradient/Reinforced Materials for Reducing Weight in Weapon Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$120,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
It is necessary to reduce the weight of weapon systems carried by the individual solder to achieve maximum effectiveness. This includes new weapon systems under development such as the Objective Individual Combat Weapon (OICW) which initially isoverweight. The development and utilization of… More

SBIR Phase I: High Performance Transparent AlON via Novel Powder Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ching-Fong Chen
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is to develop a transparent AlON with superior mechanical and optical properties using a novel powder synthesis method. This innovative powder synthesis method can not only reduce the particle size but also enhance the uniformity of the… More

SBIR Phase II: Advanced Light Weight Thermal and Electrical Insulation Using Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Wexler
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a technology to produce an advanced high efficiency multi-layer thermal and electrical insulation using fullerenes. The recently completed Phase I project has demonstrated absolute technical and economical feasibility of… More

SBIR Phase II: Advanced Light Weight Thermal and Electrical Insulation Using Fullerenes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Wexler
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop a technology to produce an advanced high efficiency multi-layer thermal and electrical insulation using fullerenes. The recently completed Phase I project has demonstrated absolute technical and economical feasibility of… More

The Development of Gun Barrel Processing That Linearly Gradates From A Ceramic Liner To A Metal Exterior

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
State-of-the-art gun barrels exhibit excessive chemical and mechanical wear when subjected to the advanced requirements of rapid fire with high flame temperature propellants. Ceramic and ceramic based interior liners offer significant potential to meetadvanced requirements, but past processing of… More

High Toughness Ceramics Containing Carbon Nanotube Reinforcement

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
A significant limitation of currently produced ceramic armor is its brittleness, often resulting in premature fracture. Recent research has focused on the addition of carbon nanotube reinforcements, whose toughening capabilities and energy absorbingcharacteristics have been demonstrated. MER is… More

A Low Cost Rapid Manufacturing Process for Advanced Composite and Functionally Graded Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
PENN STATE
RI Contact:
Eric J. Whitney
Abstract:
The development of 3D rapid prototyping processes have demonstrated their value in reducing the time required to transition from a design to prototype components. Another significant benefit of the rapid prototyping processes is their capability toproduce tailored microstructures and obtain… More

High Transition Temperature TiPdNi Shape Memory Alloys Through Rapid Prototyping and Severe Plastic Deformation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
UNIV. OF WASHINGTON
RI Contact:
Prof. K. Inoue
Abstract:
In this Phase I Innovation research project MER will utilize rapid prototyping of high temperature ternary TiPdNi alloys to produce a range of compositionally controlled net shape parts. The role of the addition of the ternary alloying element Pd is toelevate transition temperature of the shape… More

Durable Lightweight Track Suspension Components manufacturd by Advanced Processing Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Storm, Roger, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Many of the components for the AAAV track suspension are currently made in steel in order to meet the strength and durability requirements for the vehicle. The use of Ti/6Al/4V has the potential to offer a significant weight reduction in these components,while maintaining a high level of… More

Durable Lightweight Track Suspension Components manufacturd by Advanced Processing Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Storm, Roger, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Many of the components for the AAAV track suspension are currently made in steel in order to meet the strength and durability requirements for the vehicle. The use of Ti/6Al/4V has the potential to offer a significant weight reduction in these components,while maintaining a high level of… More

High Density Hydrogen Storage in Cellular Gas Storage Tanks

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The overall objective of this Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project is to develop a technology to produce an advanced high-pressure cellular hydrogen storage system with enhanced conformability (space utilization) and safety to support fuel cell based ground vehicles for military and… More

Carbon Based Nano-Additives for Chemically and Biologically Protective Polymeric Nanocomposites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
M. Abdelkader, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
The development of carbon-based nano-additive bound polymers with enhanced adsorption capacity and reactivity for the neutralization of chemical and biological warfare agents could cause substantial saving of life during CBWA threats. In the Phase I pr

Low Cost Alternatives to Titanium Plate Production

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The current technology for the production of titanium is by the Kroll process producing titanium sponge. The Kroll technology is mature, yet expensive, limiting titanium?s usages. The Kroll titanium sponge is vacuum remelted and alloyed, and cast into billets, or the sponge in ground to powder and… More

Innovative Lightweight Munitions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
It is necessary to reduce the weight of weapon system carried by the individual solder to achieve maximum effectiveness. This includes new weapon systems under development such as the Objective Individual Combat Weapon (OICW) which initially is overweight. The development and utilization of… More

SBIR Phase II: High Performance Transparent AlON via Novel Powder Synthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research Phase II project proposes to develop a high performance transparent aluminum oxynitride (AlON) material, with improved mechanical properties and low cost, via an innovative powder synthesis method. Using nanoparticle sintering, an IR transmission… More

Innovative Refractory Metal Processing for Warhead Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Enhanced ballistic performance and lethality of warheads is materials limited. High density materials with high flow strength, strain to failure ductility, texture, and lethal energy release as well as with nono-structure are desirable. The refractory metals as a class meet many of these… More

High Performance Fluoride Fiber for IR Optic Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Ching-Fong Chen, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
Fluoride glass has a very small loss compared to other fibers. The loss for fluoride glass fiber can be as low as 0.003 dB/m. Compared to silica, IR fibers usually have higher loss, larger refractive indices and dn/dT, lower melting or softening points, and greater thermal expansion. The higher… More

Lightweight SiC Composite Optics for High energy Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
SiC-composites offer a paradigm shift in the area of large aperture, very low aerial density optics. In addition, MER has found novel solutions to the print-through problem. The fundamental issue addressed in this proposal is the performance of lightweight optics under a laser beam. Small (4"… More

Advanced Fast-electronic Power Control System for Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
The US Air Force will need smarter power source equipment to supplement primary power systems in remote-support ground stations in order to sustain long-term operations. Typically, solar based power systems are used. Fuel cell technologies and solar array source make the sources renewable and… More

Plasma Processing for Repair of Ion Vapor Deposited (IVD) Aluminum Coating

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Ion vapor deposited (IVD) aluminum coatings on aircraft and navy ship board components inevitably get damaged and require repair. A nonhazardous repair to brush cadmium plating is required that meets performance requirements of the IVD aluminum. A unique plasma energy source process that does not… More

High Thermal Shock Resistance AIN For Infrared Window Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Chris Chen, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A very attractive alternative for an IR sensor is an uncooled IR window, which can operate in the highly aerothermal environment of a surface-to-air missile. This program proposes to develop an uncooled IR window for IR sensors, which can operate in the aerothermal environment of a surface-to-air… More

Lightweight SiC-based Optics for LADAR Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
The beam quality in the LADAR applications is greatly affected by optics quality. Of particular importance are the structural requirements. MER in conjunction with SAIC will develop innovative designs for THAAD advanced LADAR applications based upon ultra-lightweight SiC-composite technology. The… More

A Process That Rapidly Produces Be/Be Alloys in Net Shape at Low Cost Without Exposure of the Workforce

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Los Alamos National Laboratory
RI Contact:
Kendall Hollis
Abstract:
Beryllium and beryllium alloys are strategic to many defense/aerospace applications, but whose use is limited due to current and anticipated more stringent health and safety concerns which result in long lead times for fabrication and very high cost. An innovative approach that reduces fabrication… More

Development of Spectrum Pyrometer for Temperature measurement in Turbine Engine Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
M. Samandi, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
A novel non-contact, non-intrusive spectrum pyrometer is being proposed for temperature measurement (> 300 ¿C) in hostile environments such as those prevailing in turbine engines. The advantages of this spectrum pyrometer compared to other commercially available ones are: I) lower cost- almost by… More

High Strength Hollow Fiber for IR Optic Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Ching-Fong Chen, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
In general, hollow waveguides are an attractive alternative to conventional solid-core IR fibers for laser power delivery because of the inherent advantage of their air core. Hollow waveguides not only enjoy the advantage of high laser power thresholds but also low insertion loss, no end… More

Reactive Polymer Matrix Composite

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,987.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
E. Dyadko, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
Missiles and other munitions contain many structural elements that provide functionality, strength and integrity to the whole system (walls, hulls, shields etc.). Normally, these parts are made of the conventional structural materials (steels, alloys, plastics, ceramics) and do not contribute… More

Bulk Nanophase High Transition Temperature Shape Memory Alloys for Novel Waste Heat Recovery Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
University of Washington
RI Contact:
K. Inoue
Abstract:
75653-This project will develop ultra-high-temperature shape memory alloys that can be used in energy conversion systems for the recovery of waste industrial heat in the temperature range 100-1400 degrees centigrade. The alloy systems will be compositions of ultrafine grained and textured shape… More

A Novel Solid Electrolyte for Lithium Battery Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Sorhab Hossain, Vice President of Technology
Abstract:
Solid lithium-ion conductive electrolytes offer great promise to the development of low cost, long life, safe lithium based batteries. Such solid electrolyte must have an ionic conductivity greater than 10-3 S/cm, lithium-ion transference number close to unity and stability up to 5 V. The present… More

FMG Cryolite/Composite Structure for Improved Hazardous Chemical Handling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
High power chemical laser systems have to potential to provide precise strike capability. The current shortcomings in their chemical handling system greatly limit their applications. This proposal addresses the intrinsic problem of the NF3 handling system. A highly innovative, original approach… More

Developement of a lithium-ion battery that can function as an ultra fast charger to recharge L17 land warior battery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice President
Abstract:
The U. S. Army recognizes the need for a safe, portable battery that can be used as a charger to recharge small lithium-ion batteries such as LI7 land warrior battery. The successful completion of Phase I project demonstrates the feasibility of defining the design and dimension of such charger… More

Nanocomposite Processing for Multimode Radome Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Chris Chen, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Improvement in deployed missile system capabilities has been one of the essential missions for U.S. Defense. Next generation missile systems will require multi-mode seekers to improve standoff distance, provide all weather capability, and allow for some degree of target recognition or aim point… More

Developement of a lithium-ion battery that can function as an ultra fast charger to recharge L17 land warior battery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice President
Abstract:
The need for a safe, portable battery that can be used as a charger to recharge small lithium-ion batteries such as L17 land warrior battery is recognized. The proposed project addresses to investigate the feasibility of defining the design and dimension of such charger battery A novel… More

A Reinforcement for Multifunctional Composites for Non-Parasitic Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James C Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Innovative lightweight radiation shielding materials are enabling to shield humans in aerospace transportation vehicles and other human habited spaces. Multifunctional materials which provide non-parasitic shielding as well as structural performance is needed. Boron can provide neutron and cosmic… More

Cement-Polymer Composits from Recycled Polymer for Construdction Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Conventional cement based construction materials such as stucco and concrete are prone to cracking with poor thermal insulation, and are very permeable to water. Repair of deteriorated cement based structures is a major problem, and in United States alone repair cost is estimated to be over $100… More

Ultra-Lightweight Optical Components for FTS Instruments

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
NASA is pursuing novel technology for FTS instruments. The use of the conventional actuator technology is limited by the weight of optical components. The innovation of this Phase I lies in the application of composite membrane optics technology to device applications. In particular,… More

Novel Heat Exchangers with Enhanced Surface

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75454-Current heat exchangers use a conventional fin-tube design, which results in a big volume and low efficiency of thermal management systems. This project will develop an innovative technology that enables compact microchannel heat exchangers with enhanced heat transfer area to be fabricated… More

Energy Efficient Membrane Reactor for Fuel Reforming

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75276-Production of hydrogen using traditional fuel reforming technologies requires large and heavy units. However, the transition to a hydrogen economy will require energy efficient, compact fuel processors for hydrogen production. Therefore, this project will develop a low cost, energy… More

Low Cost High Thermal Conductivity Packaging for SiC Based Motor Drive Designs

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
This Small business Innovation Research Phase I project will investigate design and development of SiC based high temperature motor drives. Converter circuit design will be conducted by Rockwell Scientific, to provide high torque output. Innovative high temperature packaging will be developed… More

Lightweight, High Thermal Conductivity Materials for Thermal Management Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Ching-Fong Chen, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
The objective of this proposal is to develop a lightweight, high thermal conductivity material with a tailorable coefficient of thermal expansion for laser technology components leading to higher power lasers. In high performance electronics, packaging is the limiting factor in electrical circuit… More

High Energy Density, Fast Charge Lithium-ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Sorhab Hossain, vice President
Abstract:
The need for a high specific energy, fast charge battery for the U. S. army is recognized. The proposed Phase I program addresses to investigate the feasibility of developing prototypes 7.5 Ah lithium-ion cells having specific energy >210 Wh/kg which will be used as `building blocks' for the… More

Advanced Fast-electronic Power Control System for Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R.O.Loutfy, President
Abstract:
A robust power architecture and control scheme was developed in Phase I that provides a smooth power flow from fuel cell/battery to the load. The key element was a low cost bi-directional power converter control system. The proof-of concept of the system was validated for a 1st generation low power… More

Innovative Refractory Metal Processing for Warhead Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Roger S. Storm, Vice President Manufactur
Abstract:
Enhanced ballistic performance and lethality of warheads are materials limited. High density materials with high flow strength, strain to failure ductility, texture, and lethal energy release are desirable. The refractory materials meet many of these requirements, but not all of these attributes… More

Cement-Polymer Composits from Recycled Polymer for Construdction Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Conventional cement based construction materials such as stucco and concrete are prone to cracking with poor thermal insulation, and are very permeable to water. Repair of deteriorated cement based structures is a major problem, and in United States alone repair cost is estimated to be over $100… More

High Strength Hollow Fiber for IR Optic Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$650,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Hollow waveguides provide an attractive alternative to conventional solid-core infrared fiber optics because of the inherent advantage of their hollow core. Hollow waveguides not only cover a full spectrum of infrared wavelength for sensing and imaging applications, but also enjoy the advantage of… More

A Novel Solid Electrolyte for Lithium Battery Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
S.Hossain, V.P of electrochemical Te
Abstract:
Solid lithium-ion conductive electrolytes offer great promise to the development of high performance, safe lithium based batteries. The successful completion of Phase I work demonstrates the development of a large anion moiety solid electrolyte that offers high lithium-ion conductivity (10-2 S/cm)… More

Improved Performance of Lithium-ion Cells at Low Temperature

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Brookhaven National Laboratory
RI Contact:
Margaret C. Bogosain
Abstract:
79469 When lithium-ion batteries operate at low temperatures, they exhibit poor performance relative to the performance at room temperatures. This hinders their applications in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs) due to poor cold cranking properties. This project will… More

FMG Cryolite/Composite Structure for Improved Hazardous Chemical Handling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Senior Vice President
Abstract:
The use of 100 % F2 puts stringent requirements on the gas handling system, requiring passivation. The damage due to this surface passivation layer caused by the impinging particles causes the system failure. This Phase II proposal offers a highly integrated solution to this problem. It builds, on a… More

A Reinforcement for Multifunctional Composites for Non-Parasitic Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Radiation shielding is a requirement to protect humans from the hazards of space radiation during NASA missions. Multifunctional materials have the potential to provide both non-parasitic radiation protection and structural requirements. Because of the radiation only low atomic number materials… More

Novel Heat Exchangers with Enhanced Surface

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75454 Current heat exchangers use a conventional fin-tube design, which requires a large volume, leading to low efficiencies in thermal management systems. This project will develop an innovative technology to enable the low-cost fabrication of compact microchannel heat exchanger modules with… More

A safe, lightweight, conformal lithium-ion battery for land warrior applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Sorhab Hossain, V. President
Abstract:
The need for a safe, lightweight, slim, conformal rechargeable for land warrior system is recognized. The proposed project addresses to investigate the feasibility of developing such a battery. A novel electrochemical couple is proposed for the development of a safe high specific energy lithium-ion… More

Corrosion Resistant Squeeze Cast Net Shape Magnesium Composite Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$120,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
In this Phase I Innovation research program, MER will develop light weight, high strength and high stiffness magnesium matrix composites in the form of sub scale prototype parts for mortar applications. Strategies will be developed to minimize potential galvanic corrosion, using selected high… More

Lithium Batteries for Strategic Missile Flight Testing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, VP Power technology
Abstract:
The propulsion directorate of the Air Force has recognized the need for a safe, dependable, and relatively inexpensive lithium battery for strategic missile flight testing. The Phase I SBIR project addresses to investigate the feasibility of defining the design and dimension of such lithium… More

The Development of an Alternative Material for Beryllium Copper

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Beryllium copper alloys are widely used in military aerospace applications because of the unique desirable properties imported by the beryllium alloying of copper. Because of the toxicity of beryllium and the health hazard it produces, beryllium usages is becoming quite restrictive and may be… More

Low Cost Permanent Die Pressure Casting for Titanium

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
In this Phase I innovation proposal, MER and THT presses will make use of advanced materials for dies and shot tube liners to develop a permanent die pressure casting technique for high temperature Titanium alloy castings, using automated and high production rate casting facilities at THT for cost… More

Active Radar System Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Researcher
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project, will investigate manufacturing of shims and cold plates from ultra high thermal conductivity composites for thermal management of wide band gap active component in T/R modules for S-band and X-band radar. This materials based design approach… More

Silicon Nitride Based Ceramic Tubes for Gun Barrel Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$120,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lori Bracamonte, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
There is a need to replace steel gun barrels, both to improve lifetime and reduce weight. Ceramic liners are obvious candidates due to their high wear and corrosion resistance, as well as high temperature capabilities, and Si3N4 is a preferred material. However, Si3N4 tubes greater that 200mm in… More

Sialon for Monolithic Ceramic Gun Barrel Liners

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$120,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
George Hida, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Standard chromium plated steel gun barrels have long been a limitation in lifecycle and lethality and limits utilization of more advanced propellants and projectiles as well as inherently heavy. It is anticipated that some select ceramic materials as gun barrel liners will substantially increase… More

Composites of Ti-Al Intermetallic Compounds With a Ductile Ti Matrix

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Many properties of intermetallic compounds (IMC's) would make them strong candidates for vehicle structures, tankage, secondary structures, and appendages for NASA exploration systems. This includes excellent specific strength, creep, and oxidation resistance. However, the lack of ductility in… More

Multifunctional, Boron-Foam Based Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The NASA vision of Space Exploration requires new approaches to radiation shielding. Both Spiral 2 and Spiral 3 concepts are extremely sensitive to weight reduction. Currently used thermal protection (TPS) and radiation shielding concepts are separate identities. As a result, the net weight of… More

High Temperature Structures With Inherent Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The hot structures for current space vehicles require an atmospheric entry thermal protection system. Reusable hot structures that can function without requiring any atmospheric entry thermal protection system for space vehicle would constitute a paradigm. A high temperature stable fiber… More

Compact Regenerative Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
R.O.Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Regenerative fuel cells have the potential for significantly higher specific energy and cycle life than the most advanced batteries. Other advantages include the ability to provide very large short-term peak currents without damaging the system and exceptional environmental friendliness. While the… More

DWNT/Hydrogenated Fullerene Reinforced Polyethylene for Radiation Shielding Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Manned space exploration requires radiation protection, particularly since the impact of radiation on the health and safety of humans on extended missions is not known. The best material candidates are those with high hydrogen contents and low molecular weight, and thus polymers are excellent… More

Low Cost Lightweight and Crack Resistant Polymer Cement Composite Mterials for Concrete Repair

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
R.O.Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Navy is facing a major challenge to repair various concrete structures, since marine environments have low concrete life expectancy. Currently available concrete repair materials are prone to cracking, very permeable to water and therefore, unsatisfactory for Navy applications. It is proposed here… More

Advanced Cathode Material For High Energy Density Lithium-Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Advanced cathode materials having high red-ox potential and high specific capacity offer great promise to the development of high energy density lithium-based batteries. A novel advanced cathode material having higher capacity and operating voltage than conventional CFx cathode is proposed to… More

Improved Performance of Lithium-ion Cells at Low Temperature

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Brookhaven National Laboratory
RI Contact:
Margaret Bogosain
Abstract:
The widespread uses of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and electric vehicles (EVs), which use rechargeable batteries as the power source, could significantly reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil. Lithium-ion batteries have great potential for such applications but need improvement in low… More

Corrosion Resistant Squeeze Cast Net Shape Magnesium Composite Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
In this Phase II Innovation research program, MER will design light weight, high strength and high stiffness magnesium matrix composites for full scale prototype components utilized in the 81mm mortar design for feet and bipod legs and for other components such as light weight armor. Actual size… More

Silicon Nitride Based Ceramic Tubes for Gun Barrel Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Lori Bracomonte, Senior Engineer
Abstract:
There is a need to replace steel gun barrels, both to improve lifetime and reduce weight. Ceramic liners are obvious candidates due to their high wear and corrosion resistance, as well as high temperature capabilities, and Si3N4 is a preferred material. However, Si3N4 tubes greater that 200mm in… More

Sialon for Monolithic Ceramic Gun Barrel Liners

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The ceramic ß′ Sialon (Si3Al3O3N5) has the potential to become a paradigm in gun barrel liners providing increase barrel life, accuracy, nuzzle kinetic energy and produce considerable weight reduction. The ß′ Sialon is a single phase ceramic which can be readily sintered free of… More

Functionalized Double-Walled Nanotubes for High Performance Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
NEW MEXICO INSTITUTE OF MINING &
RI Contact:
Bhaskar S. Majumdar
Abstract:
It is proposed to incorporate functionalized double-walled carbon nanotube fillers into high-performance epoxy and vinyl ester resins as a means of substantially improving mechanical properties of the resulting nanocomposite materials. Covalent functionalization of only outer tube wall will leave… More

Low Pressure Green Body Forming of Dome Fabrication

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP of Technical marketing
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR ARMY project proposes the development of advanced green body 4" domelets (4" dia. sample with a 7" radius) fabrication through the combination of freeze casting (FC) technology with unique nanopowder technology developed by MER for aluminum oxynitride (AlON) and/or magnesium… More

Effective and Practical Anode for MEMS Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
As a fuel, methanol could provide high efficiency, low emissions, and convenient refueling. Methanol fuel cells, based on MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems) technology, have the potential to realize better heat and mass transport because of their extremely small size. In order to build an… More

An Integrated SiC-SiC Composite Optical Seeker Assembly

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. W. Kowbel, Vice President
Abstract:
Currently used Al components for the optical seeker structure suffer from low specific modulus. As a result, re-design efforts with Al components, lack full realization of weight savings. The use of SiC-SiC composites for optical structures provides for significant weight savings, combined with… More

A Nanotube Surface Reinforced Graphite Fiber Exhibiting Significantly Enhanced Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Nanotechnology which includes carbon nanotubes has the potential to produce materials that exhibit properties beyond those expected from conventional materials which are anticipated to have a profound impact on NASA's future missions. Graphite fiber composites are multifunctional with high strength… More

The Application of Titanium as a Low Cost Structural and Armor Material for Off-Board Surface Vessels (OBVs)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
REGENTS OF UNIV. OF CALIFORNIA
RI Contact:
Patricia A. Gates
Abstract:
Titanium is a near ideal material for operating in harsh marine environments, but has not been widely utilized due to cost. A breakthrough has been demonstrated for producing titanium structural net shapes and composite armor at a cost of only a few dollars per pound above the cost of primary… More

High Efficiency, Lightweight, Anode-Supported, Intermediate Temperature SOFC for Undersea Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, Director of Ceramic Technologies
Abstract:
This Phase 1 SBIR OSD project proposes the development and testing of an anode-supported intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (ACN AS-IT-SOFC) that exhibits high electrochemical efficiency, high degree of fuel utilization (reformed JP-8, diesel, or dodecane), and low operating temperature… More

Color-Indicating Anti-Biological Warfare Agent Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Timothy Lowe, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
A multi-functional system for use on walls and ceilings is to be developed. The system employs shortened, end-modified single-wall carbon nanotubes as vesicles for potent fullerene-based biocides that incorporate a colored dye, pigment or fluorescent indicator function. The system is to be applied… More

Next Generation Surface Coatings for Ultra Supercritical Boilers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The use of ultrasupercritical boilers represents an emerging technology that offers increased efficiency to the coal-fired power generation industry. However, the alloys used for ultrasupercritical boilers do not have sufficient oxidation and corrosion resistance. This project will develop a new… More

DWNT/Hydrogenated Fullerene Reinforced Polyethylene for Radiation Shielding Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Raouf O. Loutfy, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Phase I has demonstrated the feasibility of the overall objective to develop strong and lightweight polyethylene composites with double-walled nanotubes for radiation shielding applications. Multi-gram quantities of pure DWNTs, hydrogen-containing functional derivatives of DWNTs, highly hydrogenated… More

High Strength, Transparent, Low Cost Spinel Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Technical Marketing
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR Air Force Program proposes the development of transparent magnesium aluminum spinel windows for AF F-35 aircrafts, and similar applications, at an affordable cost. The novel spinel material exhibits high optical and IR transparency in the 0.3 - 5.5 µm wavelength, is very resistant… More

The Development of TaC Fibers and TaC/TaC Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Highly aluminumized propellants required for new boosters generate very high temperatures and pressures that exceed the temperatures of refractory metal nozzles and existing composites composition nozzles fail due to stresses generated by the CTE differences in the fibers and matrix materials. … More

Low Cost Net Shape Forming of Ceramic Matrix Composites Utilizing Precermic Polymer Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Ceramic matrix composites (CMC's) exhibit many desirable properties for applications in gas turbine engines but their applications are limited due to their high cost of fabrication. Preceramic polymers (PCP) used with impregnation and pyrolysis (PIP) to produce an interface coating on the ceramic… More

Advanced Carbon Nanotubes- based Polymer Matrix Composites for Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Significant reductions in structural weight are urgently required in order to create higher payload communication satellites. Reductions are commonly sought through the use of strong, stiff and lightweight composite materials that sometimes possess as an additional advantage good thermal, electrical… More

Improved Material Fabric Systems for Construction of Advanced Life Rafts

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Novel textile construction for inflatable components with exceptional puncture, cut, tear and abrasion resistance with high strength, light weight and low bulk for small volume storage which are inflatable and can be manufactured at low cost are enabling for a variety of defense applications. The… More

A Blast Resistant Armor Package Based on a High Strength Titanium Foam

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Senior VP Manufacturing Technology
Abstract:
The Army has a critical need for increased protection for combat personnel vehicles against blasts from land mines and IED's. A solution to this problem is needed which addresses damage from both fragment penetration and blast pressure, while maintaining an acceptable thickness and weight addition… More

A High Production Rate Process to Fabricate Low Cost High Strength MMCs In Net Shape

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Military systems are traditionally produced in steel because of its excellent mechanical properties and low cost, but suffers due to its high weight and poor corrosion resistance. At 1/2 or less the weight of steel enables weapon systems with greater lethality, survivalability, transportability,… More

A Process to In-Situ Form Cooling Channels in SiC/SiC Composite Turbine Blades and Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) such as silicon carbide/silicon carbide (SiC/SiC) extends the temperature capabilities of turboshaft engines thru higher temperature capabilities and reduced weight which provides improved horsepower-to-weight ratios. However, even uncooled ceramics can extend the… More

Advanced Multi-Layer Thermal Barrier Coatings with Enhanced Durability Against Calcium Magnesium Alumino-Silicate (CMAS) Corrosion

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Technical Marketing
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR DARPA Program proposes the development of advanced nano-composite thermal barrier coating (NCTBC) with the enhancement of corrosion resistance from the molten CMAS (Calcium Magnesium Aluminum Silicate) and extension of TBC life at high operating temperature for turbine components.… More

Microchannel Magnetic Coolers with Negative Magnetocaloric Effect

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This project focuses on obtaining improved performance of coolers by modification of design and material of regenerators. Recent discovery of a negative magnetocaloric effect at room temperature in Co-based alloys opens new prospects for development of high efficiency micro solid cooling devices.… More

A Nanotube Surface Reinforced Graphite Fiber Exhibiting Significantly Enhanced Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The completed Phase I work was directed at the application of nanotechnology to graphite/epoxy composites. A novel approach to the application of the nanotubes onto the carbon fiber surface was investigated. As a result, a very significant increase in compressive strength of 120% was attained,… More

High Temperture, High Power Density Electronic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$425,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sion Pickard, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
MER and RSC are developing advanced high temperature electronic packaging for power electronics based on SiC devices which can operate at junction temperatures above 300 degrees C and baseplate temperatures of above 200 degrees C. The packaging is being utilized in a hybrid SiC/Si 3-phase inverter… More

Low Cost Net Shape Forming of Ceramic Matrix Composites Utilizing Precermic Polymer Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,969.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Ceramic matrix composites (CMC's) consisting of SiC/SiC offer significant potential for weight reduction, reduced cooling and durability improvements for jet engines and many other high temperature applications. Some SiC/SiC composites have been flight qualified, but their high cost limits their… More

Low Cost Lightweight and Crack Resistant Polymer Cement Composite Mterials for Concrete Repair

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
R. O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
The deterioration of existing concrete structures, the necessity to repair a very large inventory of concrete structures, the premature failure of repairs and the need to repair the repairs, the desire to improve durability of repaired structures in a cost-effective way are among the major problems… More

High Efficiency, Anode Supported, Low Temperature, Protonic SOFC

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Technical Marketing
Research Institution:
UNIV. OF ARIZONA
RI Contact:
Peiwen Li
Abstract:
This Phase I STTR program will develop and test anode supported, low temperature, protonic solid electrolyte fuel cell (AS-LT-PSOFC) with high electrochemical efficiency, high degree of hydrogen (H) utilization, low operating temperature, and reversible operation characteristics. The novel… More

The Low Cost Production of Titanium Alloy Powder Directly from Ore

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The utilization of titanium is limited by its high cost that is a result of winning it from ores, processing to purify and alloy, and down stream processing to produce component parts. Producing titanium alloy powder directly from ore has the potential to rapidly produce low cost mill products. … More

Advanced High Energy Density Lithium-ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Sohrab Hossain, Vice-Pres. Electrochemical Tech.
Abstract:
The present lithium-ion battery technology needs further improvement with respect to specific energy (Wh/kg) and energy density (Wh/l) for military, aerospace, and transportation applications. The improvement in specific energy and energy density can be achieved by choosing (i) an electrochemical… More

Low Cost Production of Transparent Spinel Domes Using Freeze Casting

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, V.P. Technical Marketing
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR ARMY project proposes the development of 7" in diameter hemispherical spinel domes (3.5" radius, 0.18" wall thickness, 160 degree aperture) through the combination of freeze casting (FC) technology with unique nanopowder technology commercialized by MER for magnesium aluminate… More

Strongly Bonded Heavy Reactive Metal Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Sr. VP of Manufacturing Technology
Abstract:
The Navy has a need for high density composites for advanced warheads. Billets of a heavy metal combined with a reactive metal have shown promise. However, the materials demonstrated to date have been lacking in density and strength. This proposed Phase I program will build on the success MER has… More

High Strength, Transparent, Edge Bonded IR Spinel Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$77,880.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Technical Marketing
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR Navy Program proposes the development of high strength bonded transparent magnesium aluminum spinel windows for next generation aircraft such as the JSF and F/A-XX (N-UCAS), other defense armor applications and similar commercial applications which require windows as large as 76 cm… More

Ultrahigh Loading of DWNTs for Advanced Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
RICE UNIV.
RI Contact:
Eric Jordan
Abstract:
This proposal seeks to develop advanced Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) with ultrahigh loading of carbon nanotubes through a fundamental understanding and overcoming of impediments to their manufacture. On the base of theoretical analysis and experimental investigation of the main obstacles to… More

An Innovative Machining Process to Rifle Titanium Alloy Line Gun Barrels

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Tantalum alloy lined gun barrels offer significant promise over chromium lined barrels as well as the chromium lining process has been restricted for environmental reasons. However, tantalum's inherent properties have presented a significant challenge to machine rifling in a tantalum lined barrel. … More

A New Innovative Low Cost Manufacturing Process to Produce Titanium

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
All titanium is produced by the Kroll process, which is a batch process for the magnesium (Mg) reduction of titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4). Separate operations are required to produce the toxic and very corrosive TiCl4, which must be stored and transported. Magnesium also is produced separately in… More

Functionalized Double-Walled Nanotubes for High Performance Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
NEW MEXICO INST. OF MINING & TECH.
RI Contact:
Bhaskar S. Majumdar
Abstract:
Based on Phase I results that have shown the feasibility of creating exceptionally strong polymer matrix composites (PMCs) reinforced by MER's as-produced double walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs), the Phase II program will be focused on optimizing the chemical vapor deposition synthesis of DWNTs,… More

Lightweight Fuel Cell Panel Utilizing High Temperature Ionic Polymer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
ARIZONA STATE UNIV.
RI Contact:
Frederic Zenhausern
Abstract:
Ionic polymers are ionically conductive organic salts with excellent thermal and chemical stability, useful for their large specific capacitances across a wide operational temperature range. In this program, MER Corporation and Arizona State University propose the fuel cell use of electroactive… More

A Process to In-Situ Form Cooling Channels in SiC/SiC Composite Turbine Blades and Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Witold Kowbel, Senior Vice-President
Abstract:
Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) such as SiC/SiC offer higher temperature capabilities than metals with cooling channels in turboshaft engines. Even higher operating temperatures are possible if cooling channels can be produced in SiC/SiC composites as well as silicon free environmental barrier… More

Microchannel Magnetic Coolers with Negative Magnetocaloric Effect

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The recent discovery of a negative magnetocaloric effect in CoMnT1-xT¿x alloys (where T, T¿ = Si, Ge, Sn) at room temperature opens new prospects for the development of high-efficiency solid micro-cooling devices. This project will combine these novel alloys with cutting edge technology for… More

Advanced Carbon Nanotubes- Based Polymer Matrix Composites for Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
The Phase I results have proven the feasibility of creating breakthrough polymer matrix composites (PMC) with high-loadings of well dispersed nanotubes in engineering polymer matrixes. The exceptional mechanical properties of the developed PMCs will be further improved in the Phase II effort by… More

Functionally Graded Coatings for Enhanced Corrosion Resistant Steel Tubing for Ultrasupercritical Boilers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
DOE has a need for cost effective materials that can meet the high temperature creep and oxidation/corrosion requirements for the operation of ultrasupercritical boilers at high operating temperatures. To meet these requirements, this project will develop a new process to produce novel composite… More

"An Innovative Triple Function Cathode for MEMS Fuel Cells"

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Although fuel cells are expensive on a per-unit-of-power basis, they are superior to batteries in every other performance measure. The cost of a miniature fuel cell may fit within the ¿impulse purchase¿ price range, or it may represent a small increase to the cost of a ¿big-ticket¿ item of… More

"Lightweight Metal Foams with Tailorable Structure and Properties"

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The efficient, high-yield, and low-cost production of lightweight energy-absorbing vehicle components would enable both energy and cost savings. This project will develop a cost-effective manufacturing technology for the high-volume production of metal foams and foam-filled structures that have a… More

A New Innovative Low Cost Manufacturing Process to Produce Titanium

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$345,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, Chief Executive Officer
Abstract:
Titanium with its inherent lightweight, corrosion resistance and mechanical properties is a critical and strategic metal in civilian and defense aviation, oil extraction and processing, water purification, the general chemical industry, and would be in automotive transportation if it were more… More

A High Production Rate Process to Fabricate Low Cost High Strength MMCs In Net Shape

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Sr. VP of Manufacturing T
Abstract:
Military systems are traditionally produced in steel because of excellent mechanical properties and low cost. For a lighter weight and more mobile force, all aspects of military systems are being scrutinized for possible weight reduction. Metal matrix composites with discontinuous reinforcements… More

Ultrahigh Loading of DWNTs for Advanced Composites

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
University of Houston
RI Contact:
Larry Turner
Abstract:
The feasibility of developing advanced Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs) with ultrahigh loading of well dispersed carbon nanotubes has been proven in the Phase I effort by implementing innovative technologies for incorporating very high loading ratios of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) in a… More

Lightweight Fuel Cell Panel Utilizing High Temperature Ionic Polymer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Research Institution:
Arizona State University
RI Contact:
Frederic Zenhausern
Abstract:
Conventional fuel cells use heavy clamping pressure to force electrodes and electrolytes into good electrical contact. In this STTR Phase I program, MER and ASU have developed a high power density fuel cell using new electrode and electrolyte materials th

High Strength, Transparent, Edge Bonded IR Spinel Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$726,028.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Technical Marketing
Abstract:
This Phase II SBIR Navy Program proposes the continued development and feasibility demonstration of producing high strength, bonded, transparent magnesium aluminate spinel windows for next generation aircraft for Navy Unmanned Combat Air System (N-UCAS), ACAT I, Navy ship such as the DDG-1000 which… More

SiC/SiC Composites with Multiple Concepts to Reduce Foreign-Object-Damage

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Existing SiC/SiC composites have shown inferior resistance to foreign-object-damage (FOD) which limits the applications of SiC/SiC composites high potential to reduce weight and increase specific power in gas turbine engines. There are a number of concepts that individually may only minorly increase… More

The Low Cost Production of Titanium Alloy Powder Directly from Ore

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,987.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Because of a unique combination of properties, titanium alloys play a key role in DoD systems. One of the key issues that is preventing more widespread use of Ti-alloys is the cost and cycle time of the Kroll process followed by multiple steps to convert to powders or products. A viable approach of… More

Manufacture of Light Weight Corrosion Resistant Ti-6Al-4V Deck Components for USVs Using Very Low Cost Raw Materials in a Rapid Manufacturing Process

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Senior Vice-President
Abstract:
The Navy has a need to reduce the weight of unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) to improve their operational efficiency. Many of these vessels have an Al hull and supporting structures. While Al alloys have a low density, their strength is very low. The high strength to weight ratio of titanium alloys… More

High Power Density Rotary Vs Engine for Various Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$98,989.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Vladimir Shapovalov, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
MER proposes to demonstrate breakthrough engine design concepts and technology for a wide range of power source applications such as unmanned air and ground vehicles and power generators. Our design, based on an innovative rotary vane concept termed VS-engine, offers significant advancement over… More

A Metallic Nanocomposite with the Highest Strength and Modulus Ratio of Any Metallic Material for Applications Weapons Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Senior Vice-President
Abstract:
New and innovative materials are required to provide revolutionary capabilities to DoD platforms and weapon systems. Magnesium is the lightest metal that can be applied to defense, structural and commercial applications. Magnesium's utilization is often restricted since it suffers from inherent… More

A Unique Process for the Bulk Anodizing of Small Aluminum Parts

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Currently, small aluminum parts are racked on aluminum prongs for anodizing which is time consuming, ineffective and costly. Bulk anodizing of small parts without the need for individual racking of parts has become a necessity for anodizing small arms parts to reduce cost, and enhance performance… More

"An Innovative Triple Function Cathode for MEMS Fuel Cells"

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
State-of-the-art fuel cells yield low power densities of 0.04 W/gram for small cells and 0.07 W/gram for large cells. This low power density results from poor catalytic performance of the conventional fuel cell catalytic electrode. This project will develop a novel, high performance, triple… More

"Lightweight Metal Foams with Tailorable Structure and Properties"

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Metal foams and foam-filled structures are under consideration as light weight energy-absorbing and structural components for automotive applications (HEVs and PHEVs). This project will establish a cost-effective manufacturing process for enhancing the properties of these metal foams by increasing… More

Polycrystalline Ceramic as a Replacement for 3He Neutron Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
DHS
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
The polycrystalline ceramic proposed in this program will build upon existing MgAl2O4:Ce scintillator technology to explore alternative neutron detection materials as a near term replacement for large 3He tubes. The polycrystalline ceramic neutron detector can achieve high efficiency in capturing… More

AHigh Power Density Rotary Engine for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Vladimir Shapovalov, Senior Scientist
Research Institution:
Southwest Research Institute
RI Contact:
Ron B. Kalmbach
Abstract:
Internal combustion engines with power-to-weight ratios significantly higher than 1 Hp/lb which operate on low flash point fuels are enabling for powering Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). Conventional Otto, Diesel and Wankel cycle engines even if constructed in advanced light-weight materials cannot… More

A Plasma Process to Apply Refractory Metal Coatings to Continuous Lengths of Copper Alloy Rails

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Institute for Adv. Technology
RI Contact:
Jeanette Holmes
Abstract:
High strength copper alloys are preferred as the base rails for railguns due to their combination of strength and electrical and thermal conductivity, but suffer damage due to high current densities, arcing, gouging, and exposure to molten aluminum armatures. A refractory metal/alloy coating on the… More

Pulse Current Assisted Heat Treatment for Impeller Disks

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Eugene Dyadko, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Advanced turboshaft engine impeller disks work at a high rotational speed at elevated temperatures which vary from the disk rim to its bore. Due to contact with combustion gases, the rim possesses a significantly greater temperature than the bore. This temperature gradient implies different… More

Low Cost Production of Transparent Spinel Domes Using Freeze Casting

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,999.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, Vice-Pres. Technical Mark – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This Phase II SBIR ARMY project proposes the development/optimization and preliminary scale up of 7 in diameter hemispherical spinel domes (3.5 radius, 0.18 wall thickness, 160 degree aperture) through the combination of freeze casting (FC) technology with unique nanopowder coating technology… More

High Strength Spinel Windows with the Tailored Microstructure

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sekyung Chang, Senior Research Engineer
Abstract:
This SBIR Phase I projects will develop magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4, referred as spinel from here forth) windows with strength of 350 MPa and Weibull modulus higher than 6. To produce the spinel with the strength of 350 MPa, the microstructure of the spinel will be tailored by controlling… More

A Light Weight Titanium Alloy Machine Gun Barrel with a Ceramic Liner

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Roger Storm, Senior Vice-President
Abstract:
Current rapid fire guns used by the Marines overheat during sustained rapid firing. As a result they are subject to failure in combat situations placing the war fighter at risk. The use of a gun barrel with greater refractory capability than the current steel barrels would present a true solution to… More

Recovery Act - An Improved Design for Magnetocaloric Refrigeration

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$144,507.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The Department of Energy is seeking development of advanced technologies for air conditioning and refrigeration in buildings that are more energy efficient than today

Advanced AgO-Zn Battery with Wider Temperature Range and Improved Cycle Life

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Raouf Loutfy, President
Abstract:
Silver-zinc rechargeable batteries are widely accepted as they offers 40% more runtime over lithium-ion batteries and 95% of their primary elements can be recycled and reused. However, these batteries need to achieve a further level of improvement with better cycle life and wider temperature range… More

Novel Fuel Cell Supercapacitor Hybrid Power System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: Deliver a novel high endurance, reusable, safe and portable energy source for use in environments that preclude access to current common energy sources and/or make it logistically infeasible to utilize current portable energy source options. This energy source could provide a wide… More

A Low Cost Continuous Process to Produce Magnet Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The current processes to produce Nd-Fe-B alloy powders for producing high magnetic strength permanent magnets for application in electric traction motors for use in electric vehicles requires a significant number of steps resulting in high cost. To meet the cost goals for these motors to expand the… More

A Plasma Process to Produce Refractory Metal Clad Continuous Lengths of Copper Alloy Gun Rails

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,002.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, C.E.O. – (520) 574-1980
Research Institution:
Institute for Adv. Technology
RI Contact:
Courtney F. Swaney
Abstract:
An electromagnetic launcher also known as a rail gun is a major gun system the Navy is developing for long range fire support. A refractory metal cladding on a copper rail is enabling for the successful high fire rate and long life of the electromagnetic launcher. Heretofore, a successful process… More

Development of IR Transparent, Electrical Conductive Mg Doped CuCrO2 Films for Spinel Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Sekyung Chang, Senior Research Engineer – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR program proposes the development of infrared transparent, p-type conducting Mg doped CuCrO2 films (CuCr1-xMgxO2, CCMO), which has sheet resistance less than 10 ohms squared, as the replacement of the electrical conductive metal grids for Magnesium Aluminate Spinel (MgAl2O4)… More

IR Transmitting Aspheric Window Optics from Spinel Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, Vice-President Technical – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This Navy Phase I SBIR Program proposes to develop infrared (IR) transmitting spinel ceramics, with good environmental durability, that can be green molded into domes, hyper-domes, and aspheric shapes using freeze forging (FF) and spinel sintering technology to produce close-to-net shape blanks.… More

Using a Novel Family of Electrolytes to Extend the Safety and Temperature Range of Li-ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,999.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Small sized weapons need power sources that can tolerate severe environmental temperature conditions and must install them in extremely limited space. MER"s lithium-ion battery is highly suitable to fit in a limited volume but requires new materials to handle these harsh… More

Rapid Additive Manufacturing of Very Low Cost 3-Dimensional Titanium Alloy Components

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,042.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Roger S. PhD, Senior Vice-President – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
The designers, manufacturers, and end users of metal components are increasingly turning to titanium (Ti) alloys, which can provide a substantial increase in performance. However, for most of these applications, the cost of Ti components is prohibitively high. The cost of Ti sponge powder is still… More

Scale-Up Production of Large Spinel Reconnaissance Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, Vice President Technical – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This SBIR Navy Phase I Project proposes to scale up MER"s window technology to make larger, stronger, monolithic windows from spinel polycrystalline ceramic. This proposal presents a solution to the Navy"s need for durable, monolithic, infrared-transmitting sensor windows with hot pressed… More

IR Transmitting Aspheric Window Optics from Spinel Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, Vice President Technical – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
MER plans to produce 12"diameter hyper-hemispherical domes and 10"diameter aspheric lenses of transparent spinel for the optic purposes during this program. Spinel was chosen because of its properties such as high transmission in the UV-Vis and Mid-IR wavelength range of 0.2 5.5µm, it is… More

Low Cost Manufacturing of the Ballistic Resistant Transparent Spinel Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$307,799.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This Army Phase II SBIR Program main objective is to continue development of the lower cost MER's production of transparent spinel windows from the corresponding aluminum and magnesium oxides by in-situ conversion to magnesium aluminate (spinel) during hot pressing. The use of precursor oxides… More

Ultra-High Power Density Metal Supported SOFC Stack for High Efficiency Propulsion and Power Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Juan Sepulveda, VP Marketing – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR OSD project proposes the development and testing of a porous metal anode-supported intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell (PMS-IT-SOFC) that exhibits high electrochemical efficiency, high degree of fuel utilization (reformed JP-8, diesel, or dodecane), and low operating… More

Repair of Gas Turbine Engine Components in Aging Air Force Fleets

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
James C. Withers, CEO – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: After original equipment manufacturing (OEM) support and replacement of gas turbine engine components expires, sustainment of aging Air Force fleets are required to maintain continued fleet operability. Additive manufacturing to repair metal engine components which meets Federal Aviation… More

Affordable Spinel Transparent Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / SOCOM
Principal Investigator:
Raouf Loutfy, President – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
Transparent armor is very important to the survivability and situational awareness for the crews of modern land, marine or aviation vehicles. Additionally to the common armor requirements (low areal density and high ballistic performance) transparent armor should provide high infrared and visual… More

Direct Digital Fabrication and Characterization of New Low Cost Titanium Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$899,799.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
James Withers, C.E.O. – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
The objective is to develop and demonstrate new high performance aerospace alloys suitable for direct digital manufacturing (DDM). The shift from conventional titanium ingot metallurgy to DDM manufacturing provides the capability to develop alloy compositions which exhibit enhanced exemplary… More

Innovative Approaches to Produce Narrow, Long and Curved Core Passages in Large Metallic Investment Castings

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$409,249.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Sharly Ibrahim, Senior Scientist – (520) 574-1980
Abstract:
In the Phase II of this program, work will be focused on producing controlled solidification investment cast (CSIC) articles with net shape, complex, narrow, long, and curved channels within an aluminum alloy article representing military gearbox housing. The program has strict requirements for the… More

A High Power Density Rotary Engine for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$1,109,562.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Raouf O. Loutfy, President – (520) 574-1980
Research Institution:
University of Arizona
RI Contact:
Kimberly A. Espy
Abstract:
In Phase I MER demonstrated the superior performance and power-to-weight ratios of the VS-Rotary engine. In Phase II MER will team with the University of Arizona who will provide engine modeling, simulation, and analysis along with advanced precision machining and fabrication. MER will also team… More