USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

Company Information:

Name: Materials Modification Inc
Address: 2809-K Merrilee Drive
Fairfax, VA
Located in HUBZone: No
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
Phone: (703) 560-1371

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $8,172,276.00 103
SBIR Phase II $19,449,957.00 29
STTR Phase I $984,983.00 11
STTR Phase II $500,000.00 1

Award List:

INTEGRITY OF ADHESIVE JOINTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr t s srivatsan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Inhomogeneities and/or degradation in engineering materials, particularly adhesive joints, presents an area of constant aggravation to both designers and manufacturers. previous research has shown that the response of structural components to impose vibrations can be used to characterize their… More

SOLID LUBRICANTS FOR SPACE STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: T S Sudarshan
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ACCELERATED CORROSION TESTING OF VEHICLE COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr t s sudarshan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
In recent years the corrosivity of the tactical wheeled vehicle environment has become more severe due to increased use of road salts, increased atmospheric pollutants (so(2) and no(x)), and changes in climatic conditions in selected geographic regions of the world. the combined effects of the above… More

SOLID LUBRICANTS FOR SPACE STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: T S Sudarshan
Award Amount: $460,000.00
Abstract:
New and innovative nonequilibrium materials for various space structures are needed for strategic defense. one area where little attention has been focussed is the development of solid lubricants. the potential use is being explored of high lead bearing copper alloys(up to 50% lead) as bearing… More

ACCELERATED CORROSION TESTING CHAMBER FOR WHEELED VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr T S Srivatsan
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
In this phase i effort, the goal is to determine the feasibility of conducting accelerated corrosion testing of vehicles by simulating 5-10-15 years of field life in a computer controlled environment simulation chamber. the different requirements of the chamber, the types of environments present in… More

ULTRAFINE STRUCTURES BY EVAPORATION FROM LIQUID SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ajay Malshe
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
A dual laser beam technique involving laser evaporation of aliquid target will be developed to deposit thin films of indium tin oxide (ito) on silicon. ito is excellent for usein high speed electronic devices, while silicon is an optimal substrate due to availability of high purity, low cost, large… More

ACCELERATED CORROSION TESTING CHAMBER FOR WHEELED VEHICLES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr T S Srivatsan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
In this phase i effort, the goal is to determine the feasibility of conducting accelerated corrosion testing of vehicles by simulating 5-10-15 years of field life in a computer controlled environment simulation chamber. the different requirements of the chamber, the types of environments present in… More

NOVEL TECHNIQUES FOR POLISHING DIAMOND FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ajay Malshe
Award Amount: $49,786.00
Abstract:
Diamond films are contemplated for use in optical systems due to their inert nature and hence their ability to protect the vital optical systems from the harsh environments. polycrystalline diamond films produce scattering centers due to the different impurities, grain sizes and orientations that… More

Ultrasmooth Finishing Of Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: A.p. Malshe
Award Amount: $53,987.00
Abstract:
Optics used in sensors or missile systems are made from sapphire, or silicon carbide because of their excellent optical or insulating properties, their inert, and their ability to resist harsh environments. polishing sapphire by mechanical or mechanochemical methods induces residual damage and… More

Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Tungsten Powder

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. T. S. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $48,761.00

Synthesis of Nano Grained Tungsten Carbide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Stiglich
Award Amount: $50,000.00

Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Tungsten Powder

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. T. S. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $294,000.00
Abstract:
Kinetic energy projectiles and shaped charge liners as well as explosively formed projectile warheads would be more effective if tungsten having significant room temperature ductility were available. Nano-sized particles are known to provide these levels of desired ductility. In this Phase I effort,… More

Electrically Conducting Diamond Films for Wear and Erosion Resistance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: T.S. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Wear resistant electrically conducting diamond coatings are desired in extending the lifetime of components in electric rocket thrusters for space applications. These may include hollow cathodes, various electrode surfaces, and extraction grids, to name only a few. Although several methods exist for… More

POLISHING OF SAPPHIRE FOR OPTICAL APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T S Sudarshan
Award Amount: $64,995.00
Abstract:
Current processes for manufacturing sapphire introduce a number of defects such as die marks and growth artifacts in the as-grown sapphire blank. thus, these materials need to be polished prior to use in optics. the objective of this project is to develop a high-quality, high-speed, cost-effective… More

DIAMOND COMPOSITES FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T S Sudarshan
Award Amount: $64,998.00
Abstract:
The high pressure/high temperature (hp/ht) method is, at present, the only viable procedure for producing diamond grit for use in various applications involving grinding/abrasive wheels. diamond powders produced by this method are moderately expensive and are not economical (50-70 cents/carat) for… More

Novel Lightweight Composites for Pistons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Carbon-Carbon components, initially developed for the aerospace industry, have experienced minimal commercialization over the past decade due to cost constraints. C-C composites are excellent candidates for a wide variety of components such as automotive clutches, brakes, and liners, due to its… More

C-C Pistons for high temperature engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan Phd.
Award Amount: $69,998.00

Consolidation Methods for Nanoparticulate Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $69,636.00

ULTRAHARD COATINGS ON METALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $60,000.00

Consolidation Methods for Nanoparticulate Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $613,179.00
Abstract:
Nanoparticulates of may materials have been fabricated and characterized for over 10 years. Synthesis of ceramics, metals, intermetallics, and ceramic-metal composites can be found readily in the literature. Yet, most development effors to date have emphasized the formation of particulates and their… More

Nanomaterials for High Performance Rocket Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Jacob J. Stiglich, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
The application of high-temperature refractory materials such as rhenium, iridium and tungsten to liquid rocket engines holds substantial potential for improvement in the life of the components. Currently, Ir-Re rocket engines and thrusters are manufactured by chemical vapor deposition. Although… More

Rapid Finishing of Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase I is to develop a high quality, high speed, cost effective technique for polishing silicon carbide mirrors that are machined using single point diamond turning methods. The finished optic should have a more perfectly polished surface with uniform shape and thickness than… More

Synthesis of Ultrafine Silicon Carbide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Dr. T.S. Sudarshan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Nanosize, non-oxide ceramic powders such as silicon carbide and its composites, are desirable for use as components in high-power microelectronic devices and tubes, sensors, optical mirrors, filters, nozzles, panels and sheets in many energy related applications. The properties required for these… More

Non Toxic Self Lubricating Materials for Automotive Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $69,621.00

ULTRAHARD COATINGS ON METALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr. T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $677,749.00
Abstract:
Arc heater segments fabricated from oxygen free high conductivity copper (OFHC) need an effective means of dissipating high heat flux loads from the inner bore while maintaining electrically non-conducting surfaces. Smooth, ultrahard coatings that have good thermal conductivity and little or no… More

C-C Pistons for high temperature engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan Phd.
Award Amount: $615,139.00
Abstract:
The thrust to develop cleaner burning combusion systems with reduced levels of emissions (NOx and SOx) has led to a renewed interest in the exploration for the use of advanced materials in components such as pistons. Other driving forces are fuel economy, and NVH (noise vibration, and harshness).… More

Ultrafine HfC/TaC for Rocket Thrusters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: C. Charles Yu, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $55,816.00
Abstract:
Liquid rocket engine performance can be dramatically improved by increasing the wall temperatures for operation concurrent with a reduction in the component weight. The bipropellant fuel combustion temperatures are between 3000 "approx" 3500 C. The conventional thrusters and exit nozzles made of… More

Ultrafine SiC for Optical Mirrors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: C. Charles Yu, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $59,300.00
Abstract:
SiC has exceptionally high thermal conductivity and low linear expansion coefficient to resist thermal distortion, high elastic modulus to resist pressure and bowing distortion. It is lightweight and wear resistant. It also has excellent corrosion resistance and outstanding load bearing… More

Nanomaterials for Thermal Management of Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Reshma Kumar
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
As electronic packaging densities increase, more heat is being generated per unit area. The reliability of electronic components is, therefore, increasingly dependent on the ability to transfer heat. Current chip performance is limited in keeping up with the increased power densities, 30% of which… More

Acousto-Ultrasonic Method for the Detection of Adhesive Bond Integrity

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: V. Jagasivainani Ph.d
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Composite materials find increasing importance as structural materials for modern lightweight and low cost aircraft. Structures using composite materials essentially rely on the integrity of adhesive bonds for their structural stability. A major limitation in employing composites in critical… More

SBIR PHASE I: Lightweight Composites for High Performance Vanes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $75,000.00

SBIR Phase I: High Pressure, High Temperature Thin Film Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $75,000.00

Synthesis of Nano Grained Tungsten Carbide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Stiglich
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Nanocrystalline materials provide superior mechanical properties coupled with improved wear and corrosion resistance. researchers are demonstrating the ability to develop a number of nanocrystalline materials using pulsed reactive electrodes (pre-eitherin the form of a rod or wire or, in some cases,… More

Non Toxic Self Lubricating Materials for Automotive Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr. T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $729,493.00
Abstract:
The increasing need for materials to possess both environmental compatibility to include safe disposal prerequisites and self-lubricating capabilities that are non-toxic as well as adaptable to green manufacturing processes has led to the resurgence for the development of alternative alloys to… More

Multilayer microlaminated ceramic thermal barrier coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: C. Charles Yu Ph.d.
Award Amount: $700,000.00
Abstract:
The use of a thermal barrier coating (TBC) can substantially increase the efficiency of gas turbine engines by allowing increased working temperature and/or reduction of cooling airflow. Current TBCs consist of a single ceramic layer, about 10% porous, appliled to the bond coated metallic… More

Plasma Synthesis of Aluminum Nitride Nanopowders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Dr. T. S. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $60,000.00
Abstract:
Aluminum nitride is as an ideal thermal management material since it has a very high thermal conductivity and its electrical resistivity is comparable to that of ceramic insulators. Aluminum nitride has thermal conductivity five times greater than alumina and has mechanical strength twice that of… More

Multilayer microlaminated ceramic thermal barrier coating

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: C. Charles Yu Ph.d.
Award Amount: $80,000.00

Rapid Near Net Shape Processing of Transparent ALON Windows and Domes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: M.s. Krupashankara
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Infrared transparent domes for missiles require a multi-mode system of electromagnetic guidance. In recent-years efforts have been concentrated on maximizing the resolution of such detector materials and provide sensor guidance systems between the W. visible and the mid IR ranges. With a higher… More

Synthesis and Consolidation of Nanoceramics for Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T. S. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The present proposal describes the synthesis of nano TiB(2) and SiC powders and its consolidation into dense shapes suitable for use as lightweight armor. Particles in the size range of 10 nm to 300 nm will be synthesized by a plasma chemical synthesis (PCS) technique at Materials Modification, Inc.… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Light Weight Composites for Valves

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: M. Krupashankara
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Lightweight Mirrors for Optics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $70,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $600,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T S Sudarshan
Award Amount: $750,000.00

High Energy Plasma Synthesis if Crystalline Beta Carbon Nitride Powders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: MS Krupashankara
Award Amount: $65,000.00

Rabip Fabrication of Titanium Boride (TiB2) Anodes for Electrolysis of Aluminum

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Stiglich
Award Amount: $100,000.00

STTR Phase I: Magneto-Rheological Fluids for Sensor Actuator Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: University of New Orleans
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

STTR Phase I: Smart Flexible Piezoelectric/Polymer Composite Nanostructures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: Drexel University
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

Synthesis of Well-Defined Magnetic Nanoparticles for Recording Media

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Raja Kalyanaraman
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Aluminum Oxy-Nitride and Lanthana Strengthened Yttria Optical Windows for High Energy Laser Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: TS Sudarshan
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available One of the open research issues in the incorporation of battlefield stressors into CGF technology, involves the interaction of the external stressors with the personality characteristics of the individual war fighter. Further complicating this issue is the fact that the personality… More

High-Strain-Rate Superplastic Forging of Aluminum Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Not Available This proposal responds to the stated goals of AF SBIR topic 99-116 entitled Mixed Resolution Modeling and Simulation for JWARS by proposing a generic approach for preserving the stochastic fidelity between simulation models having different resolutions. We have been working on… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $120,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Stiglich
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Jacob Stiglich
Award Amount: $400,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan
Award Amount: $100,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $100,000.00

Hybrid Decision Wizard

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, VP
Award Amount: $730,000.00
Abstract:
Global competition coupled with the fast changing moods of the customer base has led commercial automotive manufacturers to increase the speed at which they can change and bring new attractive products to market. All of these products face long termcorrosion warranties and this information is… More

High Surface Area Nanostructured Metal Oxide Flame Retardants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
'Airplane manufacturers are using advanced materials for fire prevention, and suppression of potential in-flight fires, but they are still not good enough to meet emergency situations that arise.' At a time of record growth in the airline industry more and more aircraft are added to airline fleets… More

Flexible Transparent Conductive Substrates For Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: B.g. Ravi, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $65,000.00
Abstract:
Recent applications of transparent conducting oxides (TCO) include the advent of large flat screen high definition televisions (HDTVs), higher resolution screens on portable computers, low emissivity (

Attractant/Insecticide combination to eliminate transmission of Tick-borne diseases

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, Principal Engineer
Award Amount: $729,999.00

SBIR Phase I: Transparent Nanocrystalline Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (YAG) Ceramics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: B. Ravi
Award Amount: $99,500.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project, proposes to synthesize and consolidate nanocrystalline powders of yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) for optical window applications. Optical window materials must meet extreme service requirements because they control the beam effectiveness… More

SBIR Phase I: A Novel Technique for Polymer Encapsulation of Nanopowders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Arun Sampath
Award Amount: $98,900.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project plans to develop a novel technology for polymer encapsulation of nanopowders. Nanoparticles, because of their unique properties and advantages, are fast gaining acceptance by all sectors of the industry. Currently, the use of… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: B. g. Ravi
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation (SBIR) Phase I Project proposes to produce soft magnetic Fe-Co nanocomposites with end applications in EMI suppression, motors, generators, magnetic bearings, magnetic recording heads and many advanced electric systems. High performance electronic color image display… More

Magneto-Rheological Fluids for Sensor Actuator Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Research Institution: U of MD College Park,
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $500,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

Free-form Optics Polishing by Magnetorheological Approach

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Free-form optics such as mirrors for surveillance, UV lenses for lithography, X-ray mirrors for X-ray lithography, conformal optics (spherical and aspherical), laser rods and windows are some of the important defense and commercial applications of opticmaterials. The demand on optical performance… More

Nanostructured Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) for Thermoelectric Cooling

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: B.g. Ravi, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $69,023.00
Abstract:
"Thermoelectric devices have a wide variety of applications in many different fields: solid state thermoelectric refrigerators are used to cool high power integrated circuits, superconducting devices, and infrared detectors, while thermoelectric powerconverters are utilized in waste heat energy… More

BAND GAP ENGINEERED NANOMATERIALS FOR MISSILE SENSORS (02-214A)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: College of William & Mary
Principal Investigator: T s Sudarshan, President & CEO
Award Amount: $69,997.00
RI Contact: Anne B. Womack
Abstract:
"The far-UV radiations of the electromagnetic spectrum show enormous promise for a variety of applications ranging from extra terrestrial missile sensors to next-generation lithography. However, this region has not been utilized to any great extent so far,due to the absence of window materials that… More

Magnetorheological Fluids based Dampers for On-board Components in Spacecraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Vibration control techniques for on-board components are very essential during high attitude, weight shift and acceleration in a spacecraft. Conventional mechanisms of damping such as hydraulic dampers and springs do not exhibit such high-speed responsesrequired by these applications. The other… More

sbir phase I: Nanomaterials with High Strength for Fabrication of Microgears

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Mohamed Raffi
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project proposes a highly innovative technique for using nanomaterials of high strength in fabrication of microgears with end applications in medical instrumentation. The demand for precision instruments required for medical diagnosis and… More

SBIR Phase I: Carbon Nanotubes for Field emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims at developing a novel low-cost method for the preparation of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT) for Field Emission Displays (FED) applications. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are characterized by high aspect ratio and small radius of… More

Novel Magnetic Homeostatic Agents to Arrest Hemorrhage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kotha, Team Leader
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
"The Phase 1 SBIR project aims at developing novel approaches for controlling the so-called "non-compressible hemorrhage." The approach would involve formulating a biocompatible magnetic fluid, which would undergo a reversible liquid-solid transition at thesite of injury and seal off the broken… More

Novel Method for Cost-Effective Manufacturing of Single Crystal YAG Fibers from Nanosize Particles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Illinois
Principal Investigator: Arun Sampath, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $99,999.00
RI Contact: Tony G. Waldrop
Abstract:
"Yttrium-aluminum garnet (YAG) single crystal fibers, 50 micron in diameter, of 100% Y3Al5O12 (YAG) composition, having either [111] or [001] orientations along the axis the fibers, will be fabricated utilizing a novel, versatile approach based on theTemplated Grain Growth of Seeded Nanoparticles… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: A Novel Technique for Polymer Encapsulation of Nanopowders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kotha
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will focus on developing polymer coated superparamagnetic nanobeads for isolation of biomolecules; namely cells and nucleic acids. The superparamagnetic nature along with the "nano" size of the particles offers low remnant magnetism,… More

SBIR/STTR Phase II: A Novel Technique for Polymer Encapsulation of Nanopowders

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kotha
Award Amount: $492,750.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will focus on developing polymer coated superparamagnetic nanobeads for isolation of biomolecules; namely cells and nucleic acids. The superparamagnetic nature along with the "nano" size of the particles offers low remnant magnetism,… More

Low-Cost Processing of Ceramic Composites for Non-Eroding Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Materials Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"Missile Defense Weapons currently under development (THAAD, NMD, Standard Missile 3, or SM3) employ a hit-to-kill strategy to destroy enemy missiles at all stages of their trajectories. To achieve precise and repeatable divert thrust for the kill vehicle.Corrosion-resistant propulsion materials… More

Low-Cost Processing of Liners for Zero-Eroding Nozzles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, Vice-President & COO
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
"After September 11, 2001, Missile Defense has taken on a significantly higher national priority for the protection of the US homeland and territories of allies, as well as other important national assets. Missiles currently in development such as theTHAAD, NMD, Standard Missile 3, or SM3, are… More

Magnetorheological Fluids based Isolators for Spacecraft and Missile Components

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Team Leader
Award Amount: $999,999.00
Abstract:
Loss of Line of Sight (LOS) due to low and high frequency vibrations in fast maneuvering THAAD missiles can result in catastrophic mission failure. The ability to hit a Re-Entry Vehicle (RV) carrying a nuclear/biological/chemical warhead either in themid-course of the terminal phase, is directly… More

Nanocomposite-Based Filter for Arsenic Removal in Drinking Water

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
To comply with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency¿s (EPA) directive of 10 ppb levels for arsenic in drinking water, there is an urgent need to develop new, simple, and effective treatment systems that can be qualified as best available technologies (BAT) to remove this toxic substance from… More

A Novel One-Step Synthesis of BN Nanotubes for Structural Components

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: T.s Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are considered suitable for use in components for high-strength structural composites used in spacecrafts. However, structurally similar boron nitride (BN) nanotubes that promise both mechanical and electronic superiority over CNTs have not been studied in great detail so far… More

Microwave Induced Thermal Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: VANDERBILT UNIV.
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Manager-Technology Development
Award Amount: $70,000.00
RI Contact: John T. Childress
Abstract:
Catalytic decomposition of highly concentrated High Test Peroxide (HTP) has hitherto been used in rocket propellant applications. This method suffers from drawbacks such as poisoning of catalyst due to the incorporation of stabilizers and inhibitors inthe highly explosive HTP and high cost that… More

SBIR Phase II: Nanocrystalline Fe-Co For Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Suppression

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project focuses on developing nanocrystalline soft ferromagnetic materials for various end use applications such as Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) suppression, magnetic bearings and inductors. Phase I clearly established the feasibility of… More

SBIR Phase I: Smart Engineered Composites for Thermal Management

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I Project will synthesize and consolidate a smart composite material, copper-zirconium tungstate, with high thermal conductivity (>240 W/m.K) and low thermal expansion (< 5 x 10-6/K) for thermal management applications. As packaging densities and… More

SBIR Phase I: Zinc Oxide Based Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Mohamed Raffi
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will synthesize and coat doped Zinc Oxide (ZnO) as a transparent and conducting thin film on a polymer substrate for flexible flat panel display applications. The objective is to find a low-cost alternative to widely use Indium tin… More

SBIR Phase II: Nanocrystalline Fe-Co For Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Suppression

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project focuses on developing nanocrystalline soft ferromagnetic materials for various end use applications such as Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) suppression, magnetic bearings and inductors. Phase I clearly established the feasibility of… More

SBIR Phase I: Ordered Arrays of Surfactant-Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles for RF and Spintronic Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Allison Suggs
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop ordered arrays of surfactant-coated magnetic nanoparticles for application in Radio Frequency (RF) and spintronic devices. The advent of tools to fabricate 2-D arrays of nanoparticles has led to concerted efforts in the… More

Nanocomposite Coatings for Optical Fibers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Manager-Technology Develo
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Fiber-optic technology is finding increasing importance in a wide range of applications within the navy, such as in structural health monitoring of warships, high-resolution image transmission, guided weapons, gyros and optical motherboards for computers.Optical fibers are typically enclosed in a… More

Near-Net Shaped Fabrication of High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF MARYLAND, COLLEGE PAR
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Team Leader
Award Amount: $70,000.00
RI Contact: Monique Anderson
Abstract:
V-22 Osprey is a dual mode aircraft with tiltrotor capabilities for transition between hover and cruise mode operation. During the transition between modes, the aerodynamics of V-22 varies continuously. Various researchers are currently utilizing the shapememory behavior of SMAs to reconfigure the… More

Nanocrystalline Nd-YAG for Laser Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Manager-Technology Develo
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd-YAG) is being increasingly used for laser applications both within the realm of National Defense Organizations and civilian technologies. Currently only single crystals of this material are used which aredifficult to prepare and do not fully meet the… More

Magnetic Nanocomposites for Broadband EMI Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kotha, Team Laeder
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase 1 project by Materials Modification Inc aims at fabricating lightweight and broadband EMI suppression materials utilizing magnetic inclusions in a polymer matrix. By varying the type and volume fraction ofmagnetic particles, the shielding frequency can… More

Ultrafine Materials for Thermal Management Of Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $980,500.00
Abstract:
This Phase II project proposes to continue development of unique advanced thermal management composites (Graphite/Cu, Mo/Cu) for the microelectronics industry based on our very encouraging Phase 1 results. Current industry practice is based on mixing of metal particles (W and Cu or Mo and Cu),… More

Novel Magnetic Homeostatic Agents to Arrest Hemorrhage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Sanjay Kotha, Team Leader
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
The Phase II SBIR project aims at developing novel approaches for controlling the so-called "non-compressible hemorrhage." The approach would involve formulating a biocompatible magnetic fluid, which would undergo a reversible liquid-solid transition at the site of injury and seal off the broken… More

Nanocrystalline Nd-YAG for Laser Generators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Manager - Technology Deve
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd-YAG) crystals are currently being used in lasers for defense and civilian applications. Single crystals are expensive and limited to a few inches in diameter and also do not fully meet the extreme service requirements in many critical applications.… More

Monitoring Ozone Exposure in Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: USDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul
Award Amount: $80,000.00
Abstract:
A. Ozone is the most important air pollutant in terms of damage to crops. B. Real-time monitoring of the ozone level in the atmosphere will be useful for preventing crop losses. A. This project is aimed to develop a reliable, accurate, precise and real-time ozone sensor. B. The sensor will be able… More

Nanograin MgF2 for Multi-Mode Seeker Dome

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: T. S. Sudarshan, President
Award Amount: $69,999.00
Abstract:
Next generation missiles require multi-mode seekers that combine both infrared and millimeter wave capabilities to improve standoff distances and allow for accurate target recognition. Materials used to fabricate domes for such seekers suffer from drawbacks such as high dielectric constant and/or… More

Zinc Oxide Based Light Emitting Diodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
76088-The currently-used transparent conducting oxide electrode for OLED construction is very expensive. It is desired not only to lower the electrode material cost, but also to lower its electrical resistivity and increase its optical transmissiveness. In order to improve the cost and efficiency… More

Nanostructured Material for Accurate and Fast Tracking of Cryogenic Temperatures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The use of cryogenic propellants in next-generation launch vehicles and rockets relies to a great extent on the availability of rugged, high accuracy (0.2%), fast response sensors to measure the temperature, flow and fluid levels under high pressure and high flow-rate conditions. Current cryogenic… More

Nanostructured electrodes for Solar Power Generation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: T. S. Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The key to achieving high-power solar arrays for NASA applications is the development of high-efficiency, thin-film solar cells that can be fabricated directly on flexible, lightweight, polymer/plastic substrates. Current thin-film cell fabrication approaches are limited by either the ultimate… More

Zinc Oxide Based Light Emitting Diodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Dr.
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
76088S The currently-used transparent conducting oxide electrode for OLED construction is very expensive. It is desired not only to lower the electrode material cost, but also to lower its electrical resistivity and increase its optical transmissiveness. In order to improve the cost and… More

Nanocomposite for Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
NASA's Advanced Extravehicular Activity (EVA) program requires the need for materials that can protect astronauts and spacecrafts from ionizing radiations such as low and high energy X-rays. Currently, lead and lead-based material are used to fabricate shields not only for X-rays but for other… More

Novel Graded Composite Nozzles for THAAD Kill Vehicle (KV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Team Leader
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Divert and Attitude control systems for the Theater High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Kill Vehicle (KV) needs improvement with respect to performance and cost. The KV currently uses niobium nozzles and niobium silicides as the oxidation resistant coating. Materials Modification Inc (MMI) proposes… More

Nanostructured Catalyst for In-Situ Production of Methanol for ISRU Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: T. Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
One of the most significant challenges in exploration of extraterrestrial planets such as Mars is the availability of efficient and reliable sources of fuel and energy that can be generated from resources available in situ. In Situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) of Martian materials to produce power… More

High Temperature Corrosion Resistant Nanocomposite Materials for Turbine Engine Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: James Intrater, Chief Engineer
Award Amount: $99,000.00
Abstract:
The operating temperature and efficiency of turbine engines is limited by the thermal properties of the coatings that are used to protect the underlying superalloys. Additionally, surface deposits that penetrate through the thermal barrier coating (TBC) system cause hot corrosion and premature… More

Nanotube Reinforced Multifunctional Materials for Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
NASA's programs to send manned and unmanned missions to Moon, Mars and the planets beyond will require structural materials that can protect the crew and the spacecraft from Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR), Solar Energy Particles (SEP) and micrometeroid impact. In this Phase I effort, MMI proposes to… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Membrane for Lactate Esterification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is aimed at developing a novel pervaporation membrane for the separation of water during esterification reaction to improve yields of lactate esters. Ethyl lactate is used in large volume and is produced from fermentation of renewable… More

Novel Graded Composite Nozzles for THAAD Kill Vehicle (KV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Raffi Sahul, Team Leader
Award Amount: $350,000.00
Abstract:
Divert and Attitude Control System (DACS) for the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) Kill Vehicle (KV) demands improvement with respect to performance and cost, with its anticipated evolution towards exo-atmospheric altitudes and larger footprint. The KV DACS currently uses C-103 nozzle… More

Lightweight Radiation Shielding Composites for NEM R&E Satellites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai S. Sudarshan, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The satellites used to detect and report nuclear activities on earth require the fabrication of novel structural materials that are light and radiation resistant. This project will develop a Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) composite that combines desirable properties ¿ such as thermal robustness,… More

Lightweight Composites for Radiation Shielded Satellite Payloads

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Satellites with payloads to monitor nuclear explosions are under constant threat from both external (e.g., space radiation) and internal (e.g., heat build-up and thermal/electrical management) sources. Not only must payloads be protected from these threats, but their lifetime in space must be… More

Nano Structured Flame Retardant Replacement for Pentabde

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: EPA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Manager - Technology Development
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
Unregulated dioxin-like polybrominated diphenyl ether - PBDE, in particular PentaBDE commonly used as a fire retardants in furniture foam and plastic consumer goods are spreading rapidly in the environment with levels in the human system doubling every 5 years. While many European countries have… More

New Anode Materials for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Chief Technology Officer
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Development of a stable anode material that operates on fossil fuels is a fundamental technical target for the next generation of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The conventional Ni/YSZ composite anode show good performance with pure H2 as fuel. However, this anode has a low tolerance to fossil… More

Nano Tungsten for Divertor Plates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James B. Intrater, Mr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Tungsten is a primary candidate material for the plasma facing materials in the plasma diverters of magnetic fusion devices. This project will develop a tungsten plate with extremely fine grain size, so as to produce a diverter structure with improved mechanical durability (e.g., crack resistance).… More

Low-Cost, Highly Efficient Thermoelectric Coolers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The need to maintain stable temperatures, or to change temperature in response to changing situations, is an almost universal requirement in engineered systems. This project will develop a working thermoelectric module that will provide a complete thermal management system for various sensors and… More

Nanocrystalline Photocatalysts for Hydrogen Production from Splitting of Water by Visible Light

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Dr
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Hydrogen has been widely considered as a clean and renewable energy alternative to coal, natural gas, and other fossil fuels. A potential method for the large-scale production of hydrogen involves the photoelectrochemical splitting of water, using solar energy. Research during the last two decades… More

Novel Biodegradable Food Packaging Material

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
As manned-space exploration missions are pursued further beyond low-Earth orbit, such as to the Moon or Mars, crewmembers must be supplied with good quality food to provide a complete diet over a period of three years or more. Current food-packaging materials result in major solid-waste management… More

Quantum Dot Based Photovoltaics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Hybrid photovoltaic cells that combine nanostructured inorganic semiconductors with organic conductors such as the cell proposed, show promise for energy generation in technical applications due to the higher efficiencies and significantly lower costs resulting from cheaper materials and easier… More

Development of a Novel Chemically Impervious and Breathable Membrane

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: DREXEL UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Kris Rangan, Senior Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: Margaret Vigiolto
Abstract:
In this Phase I, Materials Modification Inc. will develop a novel breathable membrane liner for use as protection against chemical warfare agents, toxic industrial chemicals, and toxic industrial materials. Traditional protective suit materials such as butyl rubber do not allow permeation of water… More

SBIR Phase I: Decontamination Wipes for Chemical Warfare Agents.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy K. Rangan, PhD
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will involve the development of decontamination wipes for chemical warfare agents. The company proposes to develop a nano-adsorbent impregnated cellulosic fiber which will not only physically remove the offending gas/vapor, but also… More

High Temperature Corrosion Resistant Nanocomposite Materials for Turbine Engine Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: James Intrater, Chief Engineer
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Materials Modification, Inc. proposes the development of novel ceramic compositions for thermal barrier coatings on turbines. Phase I demonstrated the successful development of these coating compositions. These compositions offer both higher temperature survivability and sulfur corrosion resistance… More

Nano Tungsten for Divertor Plates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: James B. Intrater, Mr
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
Tungsten is a primary candidate material for the plasma facing materials for plasma diverting. This research will lead to the development of tungsten plate with extremely fine grain size so as to produce a divertor structure with improved mechanical durability (e. g., crack resistance).… More

Multifunctional B/C Fiber Composites for Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Ramachandran Radhakrishnan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Radiation shielding is an enabling technology required for extended manned missions to the Moon, Mars and the planets beyond. Multifunctional structural must protect crew in a spacecraft, crew exploration vehicle, landers, rover, or habitat from Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR), Solar Energy Particles… More

Flexible Body Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
A flexible body armor design is proposed and it will be fabricated and evaluated for its conformance to a soldier's body movements and for its ballistic efficacy. Shoot packs will be fitted with flexible SAPI plates that will not exceed 8 psf which will then be tested at their most vulnerable… More

Novel Nuclear Radiation Protection Blanket

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: R. Radhakrishnan, Chief Technology Officer
Award Amount: $99,998.00
Abstract:
A "dirty bomb" is a "radiological dispersal device" (RDD) that combines a conventional explosive with radioactive material. Protection from radiation emitted by a RDD will require shielding for first-responders and military personnel who must walk into an environment recently exposed to such… More

Nanostructured Cathode for Magnesium Ion Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai Sudarshan, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
A rechargeable magnesium battery would be a promising candidate for high-energy-density generation due to the natural abundance of magnesium compared to lithium, the relatively low price of its raw materials, and the higher safety of metallic magnesium compared to lithium. The only deterrent to the… More

Novel Technique for Extraction of Algal Oil for Biodiesel

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy Rangan, Dr.
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Biodiesel is an eco-friendly, alternative biofuel that can be obtained from domestic renewable resources such as vegetable oils and animal fats. In addition, certain forms of algae have recently been found to be promising sources of oil from which biodiesel can be synthesized. These algae require… More

Decontamination storage bags for chemical and biological warfare agents

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Gaston College
Principal Investigator: Kris Rangan, Chief Chemist
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: John A. Anderson
Abstract:
This STTR Phase I project will develop a novel toxic material storage bag with an inner liner capable of decontaminating chemical and biological warfare agents (CBWA's).. The inner-liner technology would entail adsorption and decomposition of warfare agents without the release of toxic agents, and… More

Asymmetric Supercapacitor for Long Duration Power Storage

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
When solar energy is used in aerospace applications, the necessary shadowed parts of the spatial orbit require energy storage for the craft/equipment to continue in operation. Batteries are used for the purpose currently, but with increasing power requirements, more efficient charge storage devices… More

Multifunctional B/C Fiber Composites for Radiation Shielding

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy K. Kasturirangan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $600,000.00
Abstract:
Components of lunar habitat and crew modules in the lunar vehicle are constantly exposed to hazardous space conditions, such as ionizing radiation, electromagnetic interference, orbital debris, and solar flares. The safe functioning of crew and instruments and survivability require effective… More

Novel Nuclear Radiation Protection Blanket

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO
Award Amount: $749,999.00
Abstract:
The proliferation of nuclear weapons has increased the possibility of their availability to terrorist organizations. This poses a serious threat to both military and civilian populations. An RDD attack could result in high casualties, if the explosion occurs in a battlefield, office building,… More

Materials Development for Lighter E-SAPI Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: James Intrater, Chief Engineer
Award Amount: $70,000.00
Abstract:
The E-SAPI specification describes the protection level of a soldier's body armor in response to an AP, M2 round. Presently this is addressed largely through the use of boron carbide plate inserts for an outer tactical vest. A unique materials architecture is proposed with the possibility of… More

Nanotube MMC for Structural Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai S. Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Aluminum based metal matrix composites are particularly attractive in aviation and aerospace applications because of their exceptional strength and stiffness-to-density ratios and superior physical properties. A vast range of composites have been fabricated with reinforcements such as glass,… More

Reactive Material Based Projectiles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $79,999.00
Abstract:
The goal of this Phase I, is to develop and conduct a feasibility demonstration of a reactive material based projectile on a laboratory scale. The overall system will be able to produce a significant energy release by combining the release of chemical energy as well as the kinetic energy of the… More

Novel low density composites for deep ocean vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $79,999.00
Abstract:
The goal of this Phase I, is to develop and conduct a feasibility demonstration of a novel low density 6500 meter man-rated syntactic foam on a laboratory scale. The overall system will be able to produce a low density (30+2/-1 pcf) that is capable of use on a 6500 meter operational depth Human… More

Flexible Body Armor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $824,419.00
Abstract:
The drive towards lighter weight was brought on by the need to provide military personnel with protection that is less taxing on their bodies and at the same time allowing for better maneuverability and a greater degree of comfort. Rigidity of the armor remains a deterrent for mobility or for… More

Materials Development for Lighter E-SAPI Protection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: T.s. Sudarshan, President and CEO – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $852,736.00
Abstract:
The increasing need for ground combat forces in diverse theaters of operation and their need to move quickly in difficult terrain has created the requirement for a light weight armor system. Such systems allow for dexterity, ability to bend into distorted positions and allow for combat personnel to… More

Polymer Matrix Composites using Fused Deposition Modeling Technology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Research Institution: University of Texas at El Paso
Principal Investigator: Kausik Mukhopadhyay, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $124,987.00
RI Contact: Irene Holguin
Abstract:
Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is an additive manufacturing technology that allows fabrication of complex three-dimensional geometries layer-by-layer. The goal of the present proposal is to extend FDM technology to create new polymer matrix composites (PMCs) comprising of polymers and inorganic… More

Lightweight composite mirrors for telescopes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Tirumalai Sudarshan, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $125,000.00
Abstract:
Lightweight, steady and stiff mirrors are necessary to decrease cost of telescopes such as IXO and GenX used in special NASA missions. Low-density materials are ideal for use as mirrors in such applications. Beryllium has been traditionally considered ideal for lightweight mirrors requiring high… More

Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy Rangan, Dr. – 703-560-1371
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is a promising electrolyte solvent for lithium battery applications due to its inherent safety and robustness. Despite the enormous promise of its industrial use, this chemical is currently entirely imported from China. Indigenous manufacture of DMC will… More

New Solvent system for Carbon Dioxide Capture

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy Rangan, Dr. – 703-560-1371
Award Amount: $149,960.00
Abstract:
Reducing CO2 emissions from flue gas has become an increasingly important concern as large emissions have resulted in global climate change and a significant increase in global warming commonly known as the greenhouse effect. The state-of-the-art amine absorption process for CO2 removal has several… More

Novel Thin Film Ice-Phobic Coatings for Aerial Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Kausik Mukhopadhyay, Senior Chemist – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $150,000.00
Abstract:
In this Phase I, MMI will explore a novel anti-ice coating formulation for aircraft structures. MMI will demonstrate the use of a nanoparticle polymer composite system modified with inorganic materials that would prevent ice accumulation and accretion on various substrates e.g. aluminum, steel,… More

Novel Protective Coatings for Ammonium Dinitramide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: John Bailey, Mechanical Engineer – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Ammonium Dinitramide (ADN) is a potential eco-friendly alternative to more toxic oxidizer ammonium perchlorate (AP) in solid rocket propellants. It is dense, chlorine-free and powerful oxidizer. However, it has a low melting point and highly hygroscopic in nature. It is also incompatible with common… More

Novel Thin Film Ice-Phobic Coatings for Aerial Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Kausik Mukhopadhyay, Senior Chemist – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $999,995.00
Abstract:
In this Phase II effort, MMI will develop and scale up their novel anti-ice coating formulation for aircraft structures based on the success shown in the Phase I effort. MMI will demonstrate the use of a polymer composite coating system modified with nano-fillers that would prevent ice accumulation… More

Polymeric Biocomposite for Revegetation of Soil

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy K. Rangan, Chief Chemist – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Defense training activities can result in reduction of vegetation cover, disturbance of soil surface and crusts, and degradation of soil aggregates, making the land more vulnerable to wind erosion. Currently, petro-polymers are being extensively studied for soil stabilization and remediation. These… More

Multifunctional Textile Coating of Military Fabrics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: Gaston College Textile Technology C
Principal Investigator: Krishnaswamy K. Rangan, Chief Chemist – (703) 560-1371
Award Amount: $150,000.00
RI Contact: Sam Buff
Abstract:
This STTR Phase I project will develop a novel multifunctional coating to combat a wide range of threats in a variety of complex situations for the warfighter. Military combat uniforms currently use NYCO fabrics (Nylon/cotton 50/50). The US Army is seeking new coating technologies that will impart… More