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RECONSTRUCTION OF SKIN MODEL CONTAINING LANGERHANS CELLS

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
60629
Program Year/Program:
2002 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
AR044601
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
MATTEK CORPORATION
200 HOMER AVE ASHLAND, MA -
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 2002
Title: RECONSTRUCTION OF SKIN MODEL CONTAINING LANGERHANS CELLS
Agency: HHS
Contract: 2R44AR044601-02A2
Award Amount: $830,929.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Phase I research demonstrated that a Langerhans cell (LC) containing model of the epidermis is feasible. LC progenitor cells were harvested from peripheral or cord blood samples, cryopreserved, and matured using cytokines into the LC specific CD1a+ phenotype. By modifying the extracellular matrix substrate, these cells were successfully incorporated into a highly differentiated, serum-free epidermal model, albeit at a lower density than in native epidermis. The LC derived from cord blood maintained their dendntic, CD1a+ HLA-DR+/- phenotype and expressed Birbeck granules within the cultures. The exposure of 2 contact allergens resulted in the release of TNF-a and IL-lb. 2 cytokines known to be critically involved in the initial stages of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). Exposure to the common irritant, on the other hand, did not result in TNF-a or IL- lb release. In addition, following exposure to UV irradiation, immuno-staining showed that LC were migrating out of the tissue, as is known to occur in vivo.Phase II studies will expand on the Phase I results to further develop an epidermal model containing immunologically competent cells. Initial research will focus on the optimization of culture conditions to improve LC incorporation into the tissue model. The effects of allergens on cytokine release and gene expression will be investigated. Experiments designed to model LC migration from skin following exposure to allergens or UV light and subsequent T-cell activation will be performed to determine the degree to which the model's behavior corresponds to in vivo ACD reactions. Finally, based on these studies, an assay kit to predict whether a material is likely to act as a contact allergen will be developed.

Principal Investigator:

Seyoum Ayehunie
5088816771
SAYEHUNIE@MATTEK.COM

Business Contact:

John Sheasgreen
5088816771
JSHEASGREEN@MATTEK.COM
Small Business Information at Submission:

MATTEK CORPORATION
MATTEK CORPORATION 200 HOMER AVE ASHLAND, MA 01721

EIN/Tax ID: 042877744
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No