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Solar Cells From Bio-Materials

Award Information

Department of Defense
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2002 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Maxdem, Inc.
140 East Arrow Highway San Dimas, CA 91773
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2002
Title: Solar Cells From Bio-Materials
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Contract: N00014-02-M-0228
Award Amount: $69,881.00


"Solar cells based on Gr¿tzel type cells are proposed. These solar cells will use bio-chemically derived dyes and polymer layers, and thus will be environmentally safe. The proposed solar cells will use renewable materials to provide renewable energy. Thesolid-state thin-film structure of the cells will allow incorporation into textiles to enable their integration into tents, back packs, clothing and other field portable equipment. The target efficiency is 12%, comparable to the best current Gr¿tzel(liquid) systems. World solar cell production and use is growing at about 20% per year. Nevertheless, only about 0.02% of U.S. electrical energy is generated from solar cells. The key limitation to greater usage is cost. Solar modules now cost between$4/W and $6/W. Because the proposed cells use low cost materials and simple construction the cost will be significantly lower than silicon or thin-film inorganic cells. Costs of $1-2/W may be possible, even at current solar cell production volumes. It isanticipated that such a cost reduction would drive additional and faster market penetration. The development of light weight, flexible cells would allow their use in portable equipment as a replacement for or supplement to batteries. The proposed solarcells could directly replace existing units for roof-top or stand-alone installation. Environmental benefits are also anticipated. Replacement of 1 kW/hr of fossile-electric with solar-electric power eliminates roughly two pounds of carbon dioxideemission."

Principal Investigator:

Matthew Marrocco
Vice President & CTO

Business Contact:

Linda Hope
Small Business Information at Submission:

Maxdem, Inc.
140 East Arrow Highway San Dimas, CA 91773

EIN/Tax ID: 953862033
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Research Institution Information:
National Renewable Energy Labs
1617 Cole Boulevard
Golden, CO 80401
Contact: Satyen Deb
Contact Phone: (303) 384-6405
RI Type: Domestic nonprofit research organization