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Company Information:

Company Name:
Membrane Technology and Research, Inc.
Address:
39630 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560
Phone:
(650) 543-3378
URL:
EIN:
942795892
DUNS:
112716311
Number of Employees:
82
Woman-Owned?:
No
Minority-Owned?:
No
HUBZone-Owned?:
No

Commercialization:

Has been acquired/merged with?:
N/A
Has had Spin-off?:
N/A
Has Had IPO?:
N/A
Year of IPO:
N/A
Has Patents?:
N/A
Number of Patents:
N/A
Total Sales to Date $:
$ 0.00
Total Investment to Date $
$ 0.00
POC Title:
N/A
POC Name:
N/A
POC Phone:
N/A
POC Email:
N/A
Narrative:
N/A

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $9,608,900.00 141
SBIR Phase II $24,486,006.00 52
STTR Phase I $100,000.00 1

Award List:

HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESSING OF METAL-BEARING ORES APPEARS TO BE A POTENTIAL SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEMS CAUSED BY THE DECLINING GRADE OF DOMESTIC ORES, INCREASED ENERGY COSTS, AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Richard w. baker , PRESIDENT
Abstract:
Hydrometallurgical processing of metal-bearing ores appears to be a potential solution to the problems caused by the declining grade of domestic ores, increased energy costs, and environmental concerns. however, a key cost element in any hydrometallurgical process is the separation and concentration… More

DETECTION SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Richard w. baker
Abstract:
The development of a membrane vapor concentration device is proposed. the device would be used to concentrate trace organic vapors in air prior to introduction to a detector instrument. in this way, the complexity and cost of the instrumentation required to detect vapors emitted from hidden… More

NEW CONTROLLED RELEASE ANTIBIOTIC DELIVERY SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$43,761.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Richard W. Baker , President
Abstract:
N/a

COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR INTERMEDIATE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Richard W Baker
Abstract:
N/a

HYDROGEN PRODUCED FROM HYDROCARBON FUELS MUST BE PURIFIED BEFORE IT CAN BE USED TO POWER PHOSPHORIC ACID OR CARBONATE FUEL CELLS.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
H wijmans
Abstract:
Hydrogen produced from hydrocarbon fuels must be purified before it can be used to power phosphoric acid or carbonate fuel cells. typically, these hydrogen streams contain less than 80% hydrogen together with carbon monoxide, methane, carbon dioxide, and various sulfur gases. for efficient fuel cell… More

COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR INTERMEDIATE PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$336,712.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Richard W Baker
Abstract:
Current clothing issued to air force workers does not provide protection to those exposed to hazardous environments. development of a new composite fabric material is proposed for this application. the proposed material is a three-layer composite structure consisting of a non-woven polyester fabric… More

THE ANNUAL U.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$40,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard w baker , PRESIDENT
Abstract:
The annual u.s. production of oxygen and nitrogen is 20 million tons each. almost all of these gases are produced bycryogenic fractionation, a high cost and energy demanding process. membrane separation from air is a potential low cost alternative process; however, conventional membranes are… More

SELECTIVE MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr hans wijmans , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
Maintainance of a habitable atmosphere on board a manned spacecraft requires removal of carbon dioxide produced by crew respiration. we propose to develop membranes and modules able to separate c02 from air. to make the process energy efficient and compact, the membranes will be high flux composite… More

GAS SEPARATION MEMBRANES ARE FINDING A NUMBER OF INDUSTRIAL USES.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,535.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. h. wijmans , PRINCIPAL INVESITGATOR
Abstract:
Gas separation membranes are finding a number of industrial uses. however, a breakthrough in membrane selectivity and permeability will be required before membranes will be able to displace more conventional techniques on a large scale. the plan is to prepare plasma-coated composite membranes that… More

A MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR SCRUBBING PROPELLANT VAPORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Klaus Peinemann , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

METHADONE HYDROCHLORIDE IS WIDELU USED IN DRUG TREATMENT OF HEROIN ADDICTS AND EFFECTIVELY RELIEVES THE CRAVING FOR HEROIN.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$41,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
J g wijmans , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
Methadone hydrochloride is widelu used in drug treatment of heroin addicts and effectively relieves the craving for heroin. however, methadone is itself addictive and a drug of abuse. as a result, diversion of methadone to the black market by patients is a serious problem, and the drug cannotusually… More

SMOKING HAS BEEN DETERMINED TO BE THE CAUSE OF APPROXIMATELY30 PERCENT OF ALL CANCER DEATHS.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$51,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
J g wijmans , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
Smoking has been determined to be the cause of approximately30 percent of all cancer deaths. but it is very hard to stop smoking, and only a fraction of the individuals who trysucceed. in recent years the use of nicotine-containing chewing gums has been found beneficial in smoking cessation… More

NEW CONTROLLED RELEASE ANTIBIOTIC DELIVERY SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$222,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Richard W. Baker , President
Abstract:
The development of a controlled release system to deliver antibiotic drugs to the periodontal pocket is proposed. this system could result in improved treatment of periodontal disease. the system consists of antibiotic containing microparticles, 100 in diameter, formulated as a suspension in a… More

A MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR SCRUBBING PROPELLANT VAPORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$185,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Klaus Peinemann , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Hydrazine, monomethyl hydrazine, and nitrogen tetroxide are toxic components of rocket fuels, and better methods of treating vapors released during transfer operations or from accidental spills are required. this proposal describes thetreatment of these emissions through use of composite combranes… More

AIR FILTRATION OF TOXIC GASES USING MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$60,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Toxic vapors such as hydrogen cyanide, cyanogen chloride, phosgene and nerve agent gb may be encountered by troops under attack by chemical warfare agents. better methods of removing these vapors from air are required. this proposal describes the treatment of these vapors through the use of… More

MEMBRANE-BASED HEAT PIPE SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Richard w baker
Abstract:
The proposal describes a membrane-based heat pipe system that offers a number of advantages over conventional heat pipes. in particular, the heat transfer capabilities of theproposed system are very high, on the order of 1-10 kilowatts/hr. the system can also transport the heat long distances in… More

INTERFACIAL COMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
J g wijmans
Abstract:
Membrane gss separation systems are being used in a number of commercially significant industrial processes. however, widespread use is limited by the modest selectivity and flux of current membranes. this proposal describes the preparation of interfacial composite membranes by a novel technique.… More

REMOVAL OF ORGANIC SOLVENT CONTAMINANTS FROM INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT STREAMS BY PERVAPORATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J kaschemekat
Abstract:
Organic solvent-containing effluent streams streams repre- sent a serious water pollution problem. the investigators will apply a new membrane process called pervaporation to treat these streams. pervaporation is capable of selective-ly removing organic solvents, even in low concentrations, from… More

SEPARATION OF OXYGEN FROM SEAWATER BY MEMBRANE PERMEATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$55,879.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr carl-martin bell
Abstract:
A reliable method of extracting dissolved oxygen from seawater is required for a number of naval applications. this proposal describes the development of a membrane system to perform this separation. in this system, seawater containing dissolved air is brought in contact with a suitable selective… More

A MEMBRANE OXYGEN EXTRACTION UNIT FOR LIFE SUPPORT IN A CHEMICALLY CONTAMINATED ENVIRONMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Amulya Athayde
Abstract:
N/a

RECOVERY OF ORGANIC SOLVENT VAPORS BY MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Jg Wijmans
Abstract:
N/a

RECOVERY OF ORGANIC SOLVENT VAPORS BY MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$149,922.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Jg Wijmans
Abstract:
Orgnaic vapor-laden industrial airstreams are a growing pol-lution problem and a waste of resources. the methods now available for treating these airstreams are inadequate, especially where chlorofluorocarbon solvents are involved. the use of membranes to recover organic vapors from contami-nated… More

PREPARATION OF PERVAPORATION MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard W Baker , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Pervaporation is a promising new membrane process for the separation of solvent mixtures. membrane technology and research, inc., has been developing pervaporation systems for the past three years using thin-film composite membranesin spiral-wound membrane modules. they propose to develop improved… More

MEMBRANES FOR A FLUE GAS TREATMENT PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Johannes G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Current methods of flue gas treatment to remove so2 and nox are complex and expensive, and generally are not applicable to small-scale combustors. gas separation membranes appear to be an attractive new technique that could lead to a breakthrough in treatment costs. a new membrane material and… More

HYDROCARBON RECOVERY FROM PETROLEUM TRANSFER OPERATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

NOVEL MEMBRANES FOR NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS RECOVERY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Johannes G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

A MEMBRANE OXYGEN EXTRACTION UNIT FOR LIFE SUPPORT IN A CHEMICALLY CONTAMINATED ENVIRONMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$471,436.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Amulya Athayde
Abstract:
In the event of war, it is likely that toxic vapors may be encountered by troops under attack. this proposal describes the use of a membrane system able to selectively remove oxygen from feed air. with a suitable membrane, it is possible to produce a permeate gas containing 25-30 vol% oxygen and… More

NOVEL MEMBRANES FOR NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS RECOVERY

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Johannes G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The objective of this project is to develop a membrane process for the separation and recovery of hydrocarbons such as ethane, propane, butane, and pentane from natural gas streams. these higher hydrocarbons have a significant value as chemical feed stock; often, they must be removed tocontrol the… More

FRACTIONATION AND LIQUEFACTION OF SULFUR DIOXIDE-CONTAINING GAS STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,987.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Advanced flue gas clean-up technologies produce so2 and nox streams containing 50 - 90% so2. the so2 contained in thesestreams is expensive to convert to useful products. this proposal describes a membrane-condensation process that fractionates the original stream into two streams. one stream is… More

DEHYDRATION OF NATURAL GAS BY A MEMBRANE PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,993.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed program is to develop a membrane process for the separation of water from natural gas streams. virtually all natural gas produced must be treated to remove water vapor prior to entering the pipeline. current dehydration techniques are energy-intensive and are unsuited… More

HYDROCARBON RECOVERY FROM PETROLEUM TRANSFER OPERATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Approximately 1.3 million tons of hydrocarbon vapors are released annually in petroleum storage and transfer operations. this proposal describes the design and laboratory demonstration of a pilot membrane system able to concentrate and recover these vapors from storage tank off gases. in the phase i… More

PERMSELECTIVE/SORPTIVE COMPOSITE FABRICS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$64,796.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Amulya Athayde
Abstract:
This proposal describes the development of advanced permselective/ sorptive fabrics based on sorbent-loaded, permselective membranes. a microporous polymer film with asymmetric pores loaded with sorbent particles forms the base for a thin, dense film of permselective polymer material. the… More

NEW COATING TECHNIQUES FOR COMPOSITE MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard Baker
Abstract:
Membrane diffusion is inherently slow process. consequently,membrane-based separation processes can only be economicallyviable if extremely thin, defect-free membranes are used. thin-film composite membranes with a permselective layer thickness down to about 0.5 um can be made by presently available… More

RECOVERY OF LIQUID HAZARDOUS WASTES FROM CARBON ADSORPTION STEAM REGENERATION STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J G Wijmans
Abstract:
N/a

TREATMENT OF CFC AND HCFC EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL REFRIGERATORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J Kaschemekat
Abstract:
N/a

ULTRATHIN METAL MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,974.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

ULTRATHIN METAL MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This program focuses on the preparation technique of a new type of ultrathin metal membrane made by a metal sputtering technique. previous results obtained at membrane technology and research, inc. (mtr) suggest these membranes may have remarkable properties. the membranes are extremely thin, in the… More

RECOVERY OF LIQUID HAZARDOUS WASTES FROM CARBON ADSORPTION STEAM REGENERATION STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J G Wijmans
Abstract:
Carbon adsorption is a widely used technique to remove and concentrate vocs from diluted air and water streams. periodically carbon beds are regenerated with steam. the results of this regeneration after cooling, is a concentrated mixture of hazardous compounds and water. common and particularly… More

TREATMENT OF CFC AND HCFC EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL REFRIGERATORS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J Kaschemekat
Abstract:
Cfcs emitted as purge streams form large industrial refrigerators are a considerable environmental problem and an economic loss. membrane organic vapor recovery systems appear to be able to treat these streams. a membrane unit could recover cfc for reuse in the refrigerator, and producea… More

SURFACE CHEMICAL REACTION TECHNIQUES FOR ULTRATHIN COMPOSITEMEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard W. Baker , President
Abstract:
Membrane diffusion is an inherently slow process. consequently, membrane-based separation processes can only be economically viable if extremely thin, defect-free membranes are used. thin-film composite membranes with a permselective layer thickness down to about 0.5 mum can be made by presently… More

ULTRATHIN COMPOSITE MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Amulya Athayde , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Membrane diffusion is an inherently slow process. consequently, membrane-based separation processes can be economically viable only if extremely thin, defect-free membranes are used. thin-film composite membranes with a permselective layer thickness down to about 0.5 mum can be made by available… More

OIL FIELD WASTE MINIMIZATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
James Kaschemekat , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The water produced in oil field drilling and production operations is heavily contaminated with particulates, oil emulsions, dissolved volatile organic compounds (vocs), and metal ions. using current technologies, it is not possible to treat these wastewaters cost-efficiently at the isolated… More

WATERFALL STRIPPING WATER-TREATMENT SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$67,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Mr Jurgen Kaschemekat , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Water curtains and waterfall stripping systems are widely used in painting operations. the water used in these systems becomes contaminated with particulates, paint solvents and metal ions. current treatment technologies are inadequate and these waters have often to be sent to hazardous waste… More

RECOVERY OF CFCS AND HALONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$62,512.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jurgen kaschemkat , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
N/a

REDUCTION OF SULFUR DIOXIDE EMISSIONS FROM SMELTER OVENS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

FREON-TYPE, SOLVENT-RECYCLING SPRAY BOOTH

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,663.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jurgen Kaschemekat , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

FREON-TYPE, SOLVENT-RECYCLING SPRAY BOOTH

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$356,140.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jurgen Kaschemekat , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This proposal describes the design of a solvent spray booth that uses a membrane system to recover and recycle solvent. solvent spray cleaning and solvent degreasing systems are widely used in a number of critical cleaning applications in the aerospace industry. cleaning booths use cfc-113,… More

REDUCTION OF SULFUR DIOXIDE EMISSIONS FROM SMELTER OVENS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
J G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are the chief precursors of acid rain, and their continued emission into the atmosphere has become a global concern. it is estimated that 23.4 million tons are emitted from industrial processesyearly, mainly from nonferrous metal smelting operations. nonferrous… More

A HYBRID AIR STRIPPER/MEMBRANE VAPOR SEPARATION SYSTEM FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS RECOVERY FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Contamination of industrial wastewater with volatile organic compounds (vocs) is a common problem throughout u.s. industry. currently, most of the voc content of wastewaters is lost. common wastewater treatment methods include biological treatment, incineration, and deep-well injection. these… More

A MEMBRANE SYSTEM FOR NATURAL GAS DEHYDRATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Virtually all natural gas must be treated to remove water vapor before the gas enters a pipeline. the principal current technology is absorption with glycol, but glycol dehydrators coextract benzene, a known carcinogen, which is then released to the atmosphere. new environmental regulations are… More

A NOVEL FLUE GAS TREATMENT PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Sulfur dioxide (so2) emissions from the flue gas of coal-fired utility power plants are the major cause of acid rain. treatment of flue gas by conventional technologies is expensive and produces large secondary waste streams. this project concerns a new process for so2 removal based on a… More

MOLECULAR-SIEVE-MODIFIED POLYMERIC MEMBRANES FOR GAS AND VAPOR SEPARATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$5,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Current commercial gas separation membranes are made from glassy or rubbery polymers. the transport through these membranes occurs by a solution-diffusion mechanism. most polymers show a trade-off between selectivity and permeability, i.e., high selectivities are coupled with low permeabilities and… More

A MEMBRANE CONCENTRATOR FOR EXPLOSIVES DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau , Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

CARBON ADSORPTION/MEMBRANE REGENERATION HYBRID SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Johannes G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

IN-SITU SENSORS FOR PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Richard W. Baker , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

RECOVERY OF CFCS AND HALONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$229,500.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jurgen kaschemkat , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
N/a

CARBON ADSORPTION/MEMBRANE REGENERATION HYBRID SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Johannes G Wijmans , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Current and future legislation will require u.s. industry to treat many organic solvent-containing air streams now being discharged to the atmosphere. streams of this type are produced by processes such as paint removal and metal degreasing, and in painting and coating operations. membrane… More

VOC REMOVAL FROM AIR FORCE WASTEWATER STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,284.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
Many Air Force base operations produce wastewater streams containing dissolved volatile and nonvolatile organics, suspensed solids, emulsified oils, and dissolved metal ions. Discharge of these streams, untreated, to the municipal sewer is increasingly unacceptable. Dissolved volatile organic… More

RECOVERY OF HYDROCARBON VAPORS FROM VENT-GAS STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,860.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
The Department of the Air Force uses large volumes of volatile organic compounds, principally hydrocarbon fuels. As much as 1% of these volatile liquids is lost in vent gases produced during transport, storage, and transfer operations, posing an economic and environmental problem to the DOD. This… More

SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES FOR OLEFIN SEPARATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,619.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
Separation of olefins from saturated hydrocarbons is an industrially important gas separation that is highly energy intensive using current technology. membrane separation processes generally use much less energy than conventional processes such as distillation. polymeric membranes have been applied… More

ORGANIC VAPOR SEPARATION WITH SUPER-GLASSY POLYMER MEMBRANES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
The recovery of organic compound vapors from air and of higher hydrocarbon vapors from methane, are realted separations of industrial importance. membranes abe to preferentially permeate the minor organic vapor component are being developed for both of these applications. for an efficient process, a… More

RECOVERY OF ORGANIC FEEDSTOCKS FROM KRAFT PROCESS STREAMS BY PERVAPORATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$39,159.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Richard W Baker
Abstract:
The kraft paper-pulp process produces a number of very large aqueous streams containing high levels of dissolved organic compounds. these streams are either concentrated and burned, or discharged to a biological treatment systems. chemicals from these streams could be recovered by the new separation… More

IN-PROCESS RECYCLING OF ACETIC ACID FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS WASTE STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Richard W Baker
Abstract:
Dilute acetic acid wastewater streams are produced in large quantities by the synthetic organic chemical industry, for example, in the synthesis of terephalate. recovery of acetic acid from these wastewaters for in-process recycling of the acid would reduce waste and save valuable resources. this… More

Water Treatment by A Pervaporation Removal of Gas and Volatile Organic Compounds

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Richard W. Baker
Abstract:
N/a

A NEW MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR AIR POLLUTION MINIMIZATION IN CHLOR-ALKALI PLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

RECYCLE AND REUSE OF VOCS FROM FUGITIVE EMISSIONS AND SMALL VENT STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J G Wijmans
Abstract:
N/a

A MEMBRANE CONCENTRATOR FOR EXPLOSIVES DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$487,998.00
Agency:
DOT
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau , Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
A vapor detection system able to analyze organic vapors at very low concentrations would make it possible to screen air travel passengers and their baggage for explosives. the level of sensitivity required for the detector is between 1 and 100 x 10-15 g of the material of concern. current detectors… More

RECYCLE AND REUSE OF VOCS FROM FUGITIVE EMISSIONS AND SMALL VENT STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$165,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr J G Wijmans
Abstract:
The clean air act amendments of 1990 included standards for volatile organic compound (voc) emissions from equipment leaks (fugitive emissions) and from small vent streams. such emissions are estimated to total 330 million kg/year; additional controls required by the new act are expected to cost… More

A NEW MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR AIR POLLUTION MINIMIZATION IN CHLOR-ALKALI PLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$165,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
Chlorine ranks among the ten most important commodity chemicals. approximately 54% of the total u.s. chlorine production is liquefied for sale or for in-plant transport. tail gas produced from the chlorine liquefaction process is the principal source of chlorine-containing waste gas streams produced… More

A MEMBRANE REACTOR FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN FUEL FROM HYDROCARBON LIQUIDS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
Research and development efforts are under way to produce the "green car" --can energy-efficient, pollution-free, economical vehicle that is also appealing to consumers. a good approach to meeting the goals of the "green car" is to use a fuel that is energy-efficient, pollution-free, economical,… More

SEPARATION OF NITROGEN FROM NATURAL GAS USING NOVEL MEMBRANES AND MEMBRANE PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Kaaeid Lokhandwalai
Abstract:
Thirteen percent of known u.s. gas reserves, containing more than 4% nitrogen, cannot be exploited because no economical technology for removing the nitrogen exists. membrane processess could make this gas available if membranes with a methane/nitrogen selectivity of 6 or more were available; a… More

NOVEL HIGH PERFORMANCE GLASSY POLYMER COMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR GAS SEPARATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Richard W Baker
Abstract:
In the last decade, many high-performance glassy polymers, such as polyimides, that combine high gas permeability and high selectivity for one gas over another have been developed. although these new membrane materials have vastly better intrinsic gas separation properties than the materials in… More

MEMBRANE MODULE DEVELOPMENT FOR A NATURAL GAS DEHYDRATION PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Hans Wijmans
Abstract:
N/a

MONOMER REMOVAL FROM LATEX EMULSIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$55,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

HIGHLY SELECTIVE MEMBRANES FOR THE SEPARATION OF ORGANIC VAPORS USING SUPER-GLASSY POLYMERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

MEMBRANE MODULE DEVELOPMENT FOR A NATURAL GAS DEHYDRATION PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Hans Wijmans
Abstract:
Virtually all natural gas must b dehydrated before entering the pipeline. currently, glycol absorption dehydrators are widely used. however, these units coextract benzene, a known carcinogen, and release the benzene to the atmosphere. in addition, glycol dehydrators are not well suited for use on… More

HIGHLY SELECTIVE MEMBRANES FOR THE SEPARATION OF ORGANIC VAPORS USING SUPER-GLASSY POLYMERS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
The recovery of organic compounds from air and of higher hydrocarbon vapors from methane are related separations of considerable industrial importance. membranes able to preferentially permeate the minor organic component are being developed for both of these applications. for an efficient… More

AN INNOVATIVE MEMBRANE AND MEMBRANE PROCESS FOR IN-PROCESS RECYCLING OF CHROMIUM METAL WITHIN CHROME-ELECTROPLATING OPERATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. K. A. Lokhandwala
Abstract:
In the chrome-electroplating industry, rinsing of finished products generatestoxic wastewater containing chromium metal. These waste-waters present asignificant disposal problem and a loss of valuable raw material in the form ofchromium, a predominantly imported metal. Coupled transport membranes… More

HYBRID BRAYTON CYCLE/MEMBRANE SEPARATION SYSTEM FOR VOC CONTROL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. K. A. Lokhandwala
Abstract:
This proposal covers the development of a hybrid Brayton cycle/ membraneseparation system for VOC control. The new system design offers significantcapital and operating cost savings compared to current membrane vapor systems andcould make membrane technology competitive with alternative processes… More

Membrane Fuel Tank Vent Control Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Jurgen Kaschemekat
Abstract:
Ships' fuel tank vents release significant quantities of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the atmosphere during fuel loading and transfer operations. Environmental regulations, safety and economy require that these emissions be controlled. Current technology is not suited to shipboard… More

NOVEL NONPOROUS NANOFILTRATION MEMBRANE FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
U.S. industry generates large volumes of wastewater that contains suspendedparticles, emulsified liquids, dissolved macromolecules, and/or dissolved organiccompounds. Nanofiltration can produce dischargeable water from these streams.However, because current nanofiltration membranes are finely… More

CONTROL OF HIGH-VOLUME, LOW-VOC-CONCENTRATION AIR STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. K. A. Lokhandwala
Abstract:
N/a

Removal and Concentration of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides from Polluted Groundwater

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Kaaeid Lokhandwala
Abstract:
N/a

Novel Facilitated Transport Membranes for Olefin Separation Based on Water-Free Rubbery Polymer

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

An Innovative Membrane and Process for Removal and Recovery of Natural Gas Liquids

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
K. A. Lokhandwala
Abstract:
N/a

CONTROL OF HIGH-VOLUME, LOW-VOC-CONCENTRATION AIR STREAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. K. A. Lokhandwala
Abstract:
High-volume, low-VOC-concentration air streams are produced by a broad range ofindustries. The most widely used conventional treatment technology is carbonadsorption. However, carbon adsorption produces dilute aqueous waste streams asa secondary waste, is difficult to adapt to… More

High Performance Membranes for Removal of Carbon Dioxide from Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ingo Pinnau , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
40005 November 8, 1996 Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. About 17% of domestic raw natural gas requires processing to remove carbon dioxide, but current techniques suffer from a number of problems. Membrane separation offers promise; however, most… More

Control of Glycol Dehydrator Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene, and Xylene Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Richard W. Baker , President
Abstract:
40025 August 21, 1996 Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. By 1997, enforcement of the Clean Air Act will require installation of control technology to eliminate BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes) emissions from more than 6,000 glycol… More

Innovative Method to Stabilize Liquid Membranes for Removal of Radionuclides from Groundwater

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. K. A. Lokhandwala , Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
41080 Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. Uranium and other radionuclides have contaminated the groundwater at numerous DOE sites around the United States, and remediation is required. One technology with significant potential uses liquid membranes, which can selectively extract uranium and… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Membranes for the Seperation of Carbon Dioxide/Hydrogen Mixtures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

Recovery of Perfluorethane from Chemical Vapor Deposition Operation in the Semiconductor Industry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: On-Site Production of Hydrogen

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard Baker
Abstract:
N/a

NGL Recovery in Carbon Dioxide Oil-Field Flood Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ingo Pinnau , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
105 NGL Recovery in Carbon Dioxide Oil-Field Flood Operations--Membrane Technology and Research, Inc., 1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1516; (415) 328-2228 Dr. Ingo Pinnau, Principal Investigator Ms. E. G. Weiss, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82429 Amount: … More

Novel Nonporous Capillary Nanofiltration Membrane for Wastewater Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
U.S. industry generates large volumes of wastewater that contain suspended particulates, emulsified liquids, dissolved macromolecules, or dissolved organic compounds. Nanofiltration or ultrafiltration can produce dischargeable water from these streams. However, because current nanofiltration and… More

Novel Membranes for In-Process Recycling of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks in Oxygen-Oxidation Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.G. Wijmans
Abstract:
Oxygen-oxidation processes are used to produce a number of important chemicals, including ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, terephthalic acid, and vinyl chloride. Approximately 450 million lbs/yr of the hydrocarbon feedstocks used in these processes are lost as part of an inert gas purge stream from… More

In-Process Recycling of Monomer From Purge Streams in Polyethylene and Polypropylene Plants

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
All polyethylene and polypropylene polymerization plants use a purge to remove paraffins entering the reactor with the olefin monomer. Loss of monomer with this purge represents 1-2% of the total monomer consumption of the plant and most of the plant¿s volatile organic compound emissions. The… More

Recovery of Perfluorethane from Chemical Vapor Deposition Operation in the Semiconductor Industry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

SBIR Phase I: Novel Superglassy Polymer Membranes for Hydrocarbon Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

NGL Recovery in Carbon Dioxide Oil-Field Flood Operations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ingo Pinnau , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
105 NGL Recovery in Carbon Dioxide Oil-Field Flood Operations--Membrane Technology and Research, Inc., 1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1516; (415) 328-2228 Dr. Ingo Pinnau, Principal Investigator Ms. E. G. Weiss, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-97ER82429 Amount: … More

Separation of Hydrogen/Light Hydrocarbon Gas Mixtures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. W. Baker , President
Abstract:
50008-98-I Separation of Hydrogen/Light Hydrocarbon Gas Mixtures--Membrane Technology and Research, Inc., 1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1516; (650) 328-2228 Dr. R. W. Baker, Principal Investigator Ms. E. G. Weiss, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG03-98ER82618 Amount: … More

Novel Nanofiltration Membranes for the Separation of Solvent/Oil Mixtures

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J. G. Wijmans , Director of Research
Abstract:
50007-98-I Novel Nanofiltration Membranes for the Separation of Solvent/Oil Mixtures--Membrane Technology and Research, Inc., 1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1516; (650) 328-2228 Dr. J. G. Wijmans, Principal Investigator Ms. E. G. Weiss, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

Removal of Chlorinated VOCs from Groundwater and Other Wastewater Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. R. W. Baker , President
Abstract:
50875-98-I Removal of Chlorinated VOCs from Groundwater and Other Wastewater Streams--Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. (MTR), 1360 Willow Road, Suite 103, Menlo Park, CA 94025-1516; (650) 328-2228 Dr. R. W. Baker, Principal Investigator Ms. E. G. Weiss, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

Novel Membranes for In-Process Recycling of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks in Oxygen-Oxidation Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. J.G. Wijmans
Abstract:
Oxygen-oxidation processes are used to produce a number of important chemicals, including ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, terephthalic acid, and vinyl chloride. Approximately 450 million lbs/yr of the hydrocarbon feedstocks used in these processes are lost as part of an inert gas purge stream from… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Nanostructured Polymers for Membrane Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr J G Wijmans , Director of Research
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr R W Baker , President
Abstract:
N/a

Recovery of High-Value Flavors from Food Processing Waste Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
Not Available Pervaporation is a new membrane separation technique that can recover high-value flavor compounds from food processing wastewaters and process streams. In the Phase I project the ability of pervaporation to recover onion and garlic flavors from evaporator condensate and crushed onion… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$400,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
N/a

Recovery of Catalyst Vapors from Foundry Coal Box Core Machines

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Not Available Advances in microwave sources with high peak and average power depend on continued development of reliable modulators capable of testing high-voltage HPM sources at rep-rates up to 100 Hz. In light of budget limitations, new pulser development must be accomplished cost-effectively.… More

Recovery of High-Value Flavors from Food Processing Waste Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$265,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
Pervaporation is a new membrane separation technique that can recover high-value flavor compounds from food processing wastewaters and process streams. In the Phase I project the ability of pervaporation to recover onion and garlic flavors from evaporator condensate and crushed onion juice was… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Atsushi Morisato
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$295,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Atsushi Morisato
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andre Da Costa, Group Leader
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wiljmams, Director of Research
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wiljmams, Director of Research
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Not Available A low-maintenance broad-area monitoring system is required for detection of toxic hydrazine leaks during fueling operations on the Mobile Launch Platform. The system must accurately detect 1 to 100 ppm vapor leaks in < 15 seconds and be capable of mainte

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$265,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Atsushi Morisato
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Richard Baker
Abstract:
N/a

Recovery and In-Process Recycle of Product and Feedstocks for OXO Plant Reactor Purge Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Atsushi Morisato
Abstract:
The oxo process is an important method of converting inexpensive olefins into valuable oxygenated building blocks. As a result, almost 10 million tons of oxo chemicals are synthesized annually worldwide. All oxo plants produce a reactor purge gas stream that contains 1-2 percent of the feedstocks… More

Low-Cost, Large-Membrane-Area Modules for Gas Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans, Director of Research
Abstract:
65043 Although U.S. refineries are short of hydrogen, many untapped sources exist, including off-gas and fuel gas streams that are generated on site. Membranes have been used to separate hydrogen from these gases, but many membrane modules are needed; therefore, the footprint and complexity of the… More

Fractionation of Centromere Regions from Chromosomal DNA

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
65111 The U.S. oil and gas industry produces 1 trillion gal/year of water contaminated with oil and dissolved hydrocarbons. Although EPA regulations require this water to be treated to 7-29 mg/L hydrocarbons, compliance is difficult with current technology, especially for water produced on… More

A Membrane Process to Recover and Use Methane Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Andre De Costa
Abstract:
Methane is an important global warming gas. Large amounts of methane and other light hydrocarbons are produced as solution gas in the production of oil, and as biogas from landfills and animal feedlots. Some of this gas is emitted directly to the atmosphere, some is flared, and some (from the very… More

High Resolution Imaging System for Corrosion Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Anurag P. Mairal, Group Leader
Abstract:
65084 Glycol dehydration is the most widely used method of dehydrating natural gas worldwide; the process is simple, proven, and inexpensive. However, these systems emit Hazardous Air Pollutants, most notably benzene, to the atmosphere. In 2002, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will… More

Integrated Membrane System for Upgrading Nitrogen-Rich Natual Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans, Director of Research
Abstract:
65051 Natural gas that is contaminated with less than 10% nitrogen still can be used by blending it with sufficient low-nitrogen-content gas. Unfortunately, much of this gas is not usually produced, particularly if it also contaminated with carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. This represents… More

SBIR Phase I: A Membrane Process to Recover Hydrogen from Waste Gas Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project addresses the incorporation of a carbon dioxide/hydrogen separating membrane unit into steam reformer pressure-swing adsorption (PSA) hydrogen plants. This membrane unit will increase the amount of hydrogen produced by a reformer PSA… More

Isobutane Isomerization Membrane Reactor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Hans Wijmans, Director of Research
Abstract:
60352 The largely unharnessed energy of tidal and ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream is enormous. The absence of an efficient, low cost, environmentally friendly apparatus for power extraction from free water currents has been the major barrier to exploitation of this renewable energy… More

Isobutane Isomerization Membrane Reactor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Hans Wijmans, Director of Research
Abstract:
60352 The largely unharnessed energy of tidal and ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream is enormous. The absence of an efficient, low cost, environmentally friendly apparatus for power extraction from free water currents has been the major barrier to exploitation of this renewable energy… More

Hydrogen Recovery Process Using New Membrane Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andre Da Costa, Group Leader
Abstract:
60245 Increasingly, U.S. refineries are short of hydrogen. While, untapped sources exist, including off-gas and fuel gas streams generated on-site, hydrogen recovery has been problematic. Membranes have been used for this application but membrane failure caused by plasticization and… More

Hydrogen Recovery Process Using New Membrane Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$600,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Andre Da Costa, Group Leader
Abstract:
60245 Increasingly, U.S. refineries are short of hydrogen. While, untapped sources exist, including off-gas and fuel gas streams generated on-site, hydrogen recovery has been problematic. Membranes have been used for this application but membrane failure caused by plasticization and… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

Combined Centrifugal Separator/Membrane Ultrafiltration System for Shipboard Treatment of Bilge and Ballast Water

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Anurag Mairal
Abstract:
Ships generate large volumes of bilge and ballast water which, to meet new environmental regulations, will require treatment prior to overboard discharge. Such wastewaters contain high levels of emulsified and free-phase oil and suspended solids. Treatment by ultrafiltration can produce… More

Low-Cost, Large-Membrane-Area Modules for Gas Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$623,527.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
65043 Although U.S. refineries are short of hydrogen, many untapped sources exist, including off-gas and fuel gas streams that are generated on site. Membranes have been used to separate hydrogen from these gases, but many membrane modules are needed; therefore, the footprint and complexity of… More

Low-Cost, Large-Membrane-Area Modules for Gas Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
J. G. Wijmans
Abstract:
65043 Although U.S. refineries are short of hydrogen, many untapped sources exist, including off-gas and fuel gas streams that are generated on site. Membranes have been used to separate hydrogen from these gases, but many membrane modules are needed; therefore, the footprint and complexity of… More

Separation and Enrichment of Xenon in Air

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70344 The xenon content of air is a marker for underground nuclear tests. However, the gas must be separated and enriched to facilitate analysis because its concentration is extremely low. This project will fabricate a membrane concentrator, based on nitrogen-permeable membranes, that is… More

Multilayer Composite Membranes for Upgrading Acid-Rich Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70317 About 17% of known U.S. natural gas reserves are subquality due to a high carbon dioxide content. Membrane separation would be an attractive technology to remove this carbon dioxide if more robust membranes with higher selectivities and fluxes were available. This project will develop a new… More

Combined Centrifugal Separator/Membrane Ultrafiltration System for Shipboard Treatment of Bilge and Ballast Water

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
anurag mairal
Abstract:
Ships generate large volumes of bilge and ballast water that contain high concentrations of emulsified and free-phase oil as well as suspended solids. To meet new environmental regulations, this water will require treatment to reduce the oil content to less than 15 ppm before overboard discharge.… More

Development of Reliable, Cost-Effective Membrane Technology for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Ingo Pinnau
Abstract:
Many industrial wastewater producers are being required to treat their wastewater prior to discharge to publicly owned treatment works. These streams often are relatively small (< 50,000 gal/day), but they contain several categories of pollutants that make them difficult to treat with any one… More

Combined Centrifugal Separator/Membrane Ultrafiltration System for Shipboard Treatment of Bilge and Ballast Water

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
anurag mairal
Abstract:
Ships generate large volumes of bilge and ballast water that contain high concentrations of emulsified and free-phase oil as well as suspended solids. To meet new environmental regulations, this water will require treatment to reduce the oil content to less than 15 ppm before overboard discharge.… More

SBIR/STTR Phase I: Continuous Recovery of Bioethanol by Dephlegmator-Enhanced Pervporation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will focus on the development of a commercially viable continuous process for bioethanol recovery. The proposed process will integrate a novel permeate condensation approach with the energy-efficient pervaporation technology. Due to… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Solid State Facilitated Transport Membranes for Carbon Dioxide Removal

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will establish the feasibility of a materials system to encase customized ceramic signage (and other lightscaping products) which utilize solid-state ceramic lamps as a backlight source. These systems should achieve extraordinary power… More

Separation and Enrichment of Xenon in Air

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,878.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70344S02-II The presence of short-lived, radioactive xenon-135 in air is a sign of nuclear activity. Detection is difficult because the amount of xenon in air is very small; hence, concentrating the xenon would facilitate analysis. To be practical, xenon concentration devices should be compact… More

Membranes for Methane/Nitrogen Seperation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72107S03-I Approximately 17% of U.S. natural gas reserves do not meet pipeline specification because of high nitrogen content. About 40% of these reserves lack suitable gas processing technology for smaller gas fields, especially where the gas contains more than 15% nitrogen. This is because the… More

Multilayer Composite Membranes for Upgrading Acid-Rich Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70317S02-II About 17% of known U.S. natural gas reserves are subquality due to a high carbon dioxide content. Membrane separation would be an attractive technology to remove this carbon dioxide if more robust membranes with higher selectivities and fluxes were available. This project will… More

Multilayer Composite Membranes for Upgrading Acid-Rich Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70317S02-II About 17% of known U.S. natural gas reserves are subquality due to a high carbon dioxide content. Membrane separation would be an attractive technology to remove this carbon dioxide if more robust membranes with higher selectivities and fluxes were available. This project will… More

Separation and Enrichment of Xenon in Air

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
70344S02-II The presence of short-lived, radioactive xenon-135 in air is a sign of nuclear activity. Detection is difficult because the amount of xenon in air is very small; hence, concentrating the xenon would facilitate analysis. To be practical, xenon concentration devices should be compact… More

High-Performance, Plasticization-Resistant Membranes for Natural Gas Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72079S03-I About 17% of U.S. natural gas requires processing to remove carbon dioxide; however, current amine absorption technology is complex and expensive to apply, particularly to small gas streams. Membrane separation offers many advantages, but improvements are required for better economics… More

Dehydration of Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72129S03-I Currently, 55,000 glycol absorption systems are installed in the U.S. to dry natural gas. However, these systems have a number of environmental problems that make them unsuitable for use on offshore platforms. Membrane processes for drying the gas are a candidate solution, but membrane… More

Removal of VOCs From Water With an Air Stripper/Membrane Vapor Separation System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Treatment of water contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is a major problem for the U.S. chemical industry. Currently, VOCs are removed from moderately contaminated wastewater streams by processes such as steam stripping, and wastewaters containing low levels of VOCs are treated by… More

SBIR Phase I: Separation of Light Hydrocarbon Mixtures by Pervaporation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Andre Da Costa
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project focuses on the separation of light hydrocarbon mixtures by pervaporation. Chemically and mechanically robust composite membranes have been made; these membranes showed good selectivities and fluxes when tested with propylene/propane… More

Dehydration of Natural Gas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,945.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72129-Currently, more than 55,000 glycol absorption systems, based on hollow fiber membrane modules, are installed in the United States to dry natural gas. A system based on spiral-wound membrane modules would be much more compact and lighter weight. However, conventional spiral-wound modules… More

High-Performance Plasticization-Resistant Membranes for Natural Gas Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,994.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
72079-Approximately 20% of U.S. natural gas reserves are subquality due to a high carbon dioxide content. Membrane separation is an attractive technology to remove this carbon dioxide; however, membranes with higher flux and selectivity are required to improve the economics and reliability of the… More

SBIR Phase II: Separation of Light Hydrocarbon Mixtures by Pervaporation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase II project focuses on the separation of light hydrocarbon mixtures-specifically, propylene/propane mixtures-by membrane pervaporation. A preliminary analysis indicated that the recovery of propylene from reactor purge gas streams using separation… More

STTR Phase I: Nanoparticle-Stabilized Vapor-Selective Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Research Institution:
Research Triangle Institute
RI Contact:
Lora Toy
Abstract:
This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project focuses on vapor-selective membranes that are stabilized through the addition of nanoscale fillers. Vapor-selective membranes, which preferentially permeate the larger molecules in a gas mixture, are used in industrial separation… More

Stable Membranes for Separating Hydrogen Containing Petrochemical and Refinery Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75026-As the Nation moves toward a hydrogen economy, new sources of hydrogen will be required. Many low-pressure, hydrogen-containing refinery and petrochemical streams would appear to be good candidates for hydrogen separation by membranes. However, membranes have not been used for these… More

Bioethanol Production with Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75027-The development of bio-based fuels can help reduce our Nation¿s dependence on imported oil. This project will develop an integrated membrane pervaporation-dephlegmation-dehydration process to separate ethanol from fermentation broth and produce 99+% fuel-grade ethanol. The process is… More

Hydrogen Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Separation In Steam Methane Reformers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75004-Natural gas, which has a favorable hydrogen-to-carbon ratio, is the most affordable near term resource for producing large amounts of hydrogen as the Nation moves toward a hydrogen economy. This project will develop a membrane process to recover hydrogen and separate carbon dioxide from… More

Separation of Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas with Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75029-Flue gas from electric power plants is the largest source of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. No current technology can separate flue gas into concentrated carbon dioxide streams for sequestration at an economical cost. This project will develop a membrane process to separate… More

Stable Membranes for Separating Hydrogen Containing Petrochemical and Refinery Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,969.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75026S As the Nation moves toward a hydrogen economy, new sources of hydrogen will be required. Many low-pressure, hydrogen-containing refinery and petrochemical streams would appear to be good candidates for hydrogen separation by membranes. However, membranes have not been used for these… More

Bioethanol Production with Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,952.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75027S The development of bio-based fuels can help reduce our nation's dependence on imported oil. This project will develop an integrated membrane pervaporation-dephlegmation-dehydration process to separate water from ethanol and produce 99.5% fuel-grade ethanol. In particular, high-flux,… More

Spiral-Wound Modules as Novel Structured Packing for Distillation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
78313S Distillation is the principal separation technology used by the U.S. refining and petrochemical industries. Improvements in this technology could have a major impact on energy consumption and chemical production costs. This project seeks to develop a novel membrane-structured-packing… More

Novel Nanoporous Polymer Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
78040S The separation of value-added products from hydrocarbons is a widespread, process in the energy industries process. This project will develop a new class of nanoporous polymer membranes that has exceptional permeation characteristics for hydrocarbon/hydrogen and hydrocarbon/methane… More

Novel Configurations for Low-Cost Large-Area Membrane Modules

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
79661S The costs of gas separation and pervaporation membrane processes are high because of the large number of pressure vessels, pipes, flanges and valves required for these plants. This project will develop a low-cost membrane module configuration that is expected to reduce installed module costs… More

Hydrogen Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Separation In Steam Methane Reformers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,982.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
75004B If hydrogen is to be used as an environmentally-friendly fuel, hydrogen production costs must be lowered and carbon dioxide, a by-product of hydrogen production, must be separated for sequestration. This project will develop a membrane process to recover hydrogen and separate carbon dioxide… More

Novel Nanoporous Polymer Membranes for Gas and Vapor Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,945.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The separation of value-added products from hydrocarbons is a widespread, process in energy industry processes. This project will develop a new class of nanoporous polymer membranes that have exceptional permeation characteristics for hydrocarbon/hydrogen and hydrocarbon/methane separation in… More

Separation of Zein in a Dry-grind Ethanol Plant

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,991.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
In the next few years, production of fuel-grade ethanol is expected to increase dramatically. The new ethanol production capacity will increase the supply-and decrease the price-of co-product streams. Zein is a potentially important co-product that could become interesting as a polymer raw material… More

Energy-Efficient Process to Utilize Dilute Methane Emissions

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane gas, a valuable energy resource, is the second-largest human-caused contributor to global warming, representing about 10% of total U.S. global-warming emissions. Substantial amounts are vented as carbon dioxide/methane mixtures from landfills and natural gas processing plants. This gas is… More

Bioethanol Production with Mixed-Matrix Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,996.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The cost-effective production of ethanol would have major implications for U.S. energy independence. Distillation, the conventional process for the production of ethanol, is not cost-effective for small-waste biomass streams. The development of more selective ethanol-permeating membranes could… More

A Membrane Preconcentrator for Portable Trace VOC Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,994.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Haiqing Lin, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
The sensitivity of low-cost, portable volatile organic compound (VOC) detectors currently is use is low, which limits their application in many situations. More sensitive detectors are more expensive and less robust and not suitable for field use. This proposal describes the development of a… More

Oxygen-Permeable Membrane for Lithium Air Batteries

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,960.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Tim C. Merkel, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
Membrane Technology and Research Inc. (MTR) proposes to develop oxygen-permeable and organic-rejecting membranes for use as a sealing layer on the cathode of lithium/air batteries. Thin, stable membranes that allow oxygen in air to transport into the cathode, but prevent organic solvents found in… More

Membranes for Gasoline Fuel Management

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,983.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Zhenjie He, Research Scientist
Abstract:
Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. (MTR) proposes to develop small, automated membrane systems that will remove oxygen from the air space in gasoline storage tanks and simultaneously recover any gasoline vapors from the vest gas emitted from these tanks. By maintaining the air space at a low… More

Membrane Systems for Coal Bed Carbon Dioxide Sequestration and Methane Production

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,992.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Sequestration of carbon dioxide from coal-power-plant flue gas and landfill gas, by injection into coal beds, is a topic of current interest. In this process, the methane produced by displacing the carbon dioxide could cover the cost of sequestration. However, the nitrogen and oxygen, which is… More

Biobutanol Production with Hybrid Membrane-Distillation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,982.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Biobutanol, as a renewable alternative fuel, has a number of clear-cut advantages over bioethanol. However, biobutanol is not currently produced as a biofuel for economic reasons: biobutanol production by acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation and distillation is too complex and… More

A Novel, Low-Energy Stripper-Membrane Hybrid Process for Bioethanol Production

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,998.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
"Demand for ethanol as a gasoline supplement is surging. Just over 100 U.S.corn-toethanol plants are currently operating, with almost 40 new plants slated for completion in the coming year. By 2012, 250 bioethanol plants are expected to be installed. The current fermentation-distillation-molecular… More

Bioethanol Production with Mixed-Matrix Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,753.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The separation and concentration of bioethanol from fermented biomass by distillation is a highly energy-intensive operation. In this project, ethanol-selective pervaporation membranes will be developed to perform this separation. The pervaporation process uses zeolite-polymer (mixed-matrix)… More

Membrane Preconcentrator for Portable Trace VOC Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$344,866.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Haiqing Lin, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
A volatile organic compound (VOC) detection system that is portable, sensitive to the low-ppb level, and able to provide reliable measurements in real time is needed for environmental compliance monitoring and process control in chemical plants. Recently, handheld and battery-powered ppb-level VOC… More

SBIR Phase I: Plasticization-Resistant Hybrid Membranes for Olefin-Paraffin Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will focus on the separation of olefin/paraffin vapor mixtures using organic-inorganic hybrid membranes. These membranes consist of thin selective layers that contain an interconnected network of nano-sized inorganic particles dispersed… More

Biobutanol Production with Hybrid Membrane-Distillation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,856.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Although biobutanol has a number of clear-cut advantages over bioethanol as a renewable alternative fuel, biobutanol is not currently produced as a biofuel for economic reasons. The current method of biobutanol production, by acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation and distillation, is too… More

Membrane Systems for Coal Bed Carbon Dioxide Sequestration and Methane Production

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,960.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
In order to reduce the accumulation of greenhouse gases, it has been proposed to sequester the carbon dioxide from the flue gas of coal power plants by injecting the CO2 into unmineable coalbeds. The methane gas displaced by the carbon dioxide could be recovering and sold, thereby covering the cost… More

A Novel, Low-Energy Stripper-Membrane Hybrid Process for Bioethanol Production, Phase II

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$350,000.00
Agency:
USDA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The current distillation-molecular sieve process for ethanol separation from corn fermentation broth uses up to 20% of the energy content of the ethanol produced. It is expected that even more energy will be used to separate ethanol from cellulosic fermentation broths because they contains less… More

High Flux Membranes to Upgrade Biogas from Anaerobic Digesters

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Haiquing Lin, Senior Research Scientist
Abstract:
Despite the general decrease in total methane emissions since 1990, methane emissions from manure management increased by 33% from 1.5 Tg in 1990 to 2.0 Tg in 2006. The majority of this increase was due to general changes in methods of manure management. It is reasonable to expect that methane… More

Acetic Acid Recovery Using Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,996.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The recovery of acetic acid from dilute aqueous streams is an important industrial separation that is both high cost and energy intensive when performed by conventional distillation technology. A need exists for more efficient, lower cost, simpler technology, such as membrane technology. However,… More

Novel Membrane Process to Utilize Dilute Methane Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Methane is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. As public awareness has increased in the last 2 decades, various technologies and process improvements have been developed to curb methane emissions in the United States. There is still a lack of economically viable… More

SBIR Phase I:Carbon-Ceramic Composite Membranes for Olefin-Paraffin Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to establish the feasibility of carbon-ceramic membranes for the highly difficult molecular separation of olefin/paraffin mixtures. Carbon molecular sieves are porous materials that possess small selective pores distributed in two to… More

Recovery Act - Distillation Revisited: New Approaches to Energy Savings Using Integrated Distillation-Membrane Processes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Separations using distillation consume 5 to 6 quads of energy annually in the United States. We propose to develop a combination distillation-membrane vapor separation process that cuts the use of energy for distillation in half. Separation of aromatic/aliphatic mixtures, an important process in… More

Acetic Acid Recovery Using Membranes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,671.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Recovery and recycling of acetic acid from aqueous streams is an important industrial separation that is high cost and energy intensive when performed by conventional technology. This makes acetic acid recovery a tantalizing target for a more efficient, lower cost, simpler approach such as membrane… More

Novel Membranes for Natural Gas Dehydration

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Haiging Lin – (650) 543-3359
Abstract:
"Before entering the national pipeline distribution system, all natural gas must be dried, which is currently achieved using glycol dehydrators. However, the glycol dehydrators extract hazardous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from the raw natural gas streams, In the U.S. alone the VOC emissions… More

SBIR Phase I: Novel Polymeric Membranes Based on Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids for Carbon Dioxide Removal from Shifted Syngas

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop novel CO2-selective polymeric membranes based on room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) for improving the cost and efficiency of CO2 capture from advanced IGCC power plants. The success of this project will enable the… More

SBIR Phase II: Carbon-Ceramic Composite Membranes for Olefin-Paraffin Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project proposes to continue the development of carbon-ceramic membranes with excellent propylene/propane separation performance. The membranes serve as the enabling technology to be used in an environmentally benign and economically viable membrane… More

Novel Thermally Rearranged Polymers for Olefin-Paraffin Separations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Haiqing Lin, Dr. – 650-543-3359
Abstract:
Olefins are the most important building blocks of the petrochemical industry. Approximately 50 billion pounds of ethylene and 30 billion pounds of propylene (worth an estimated $27 billion) were produced in the United States in 2009. The ethylene and propylene must be separated from their… More

Novel Membrane Process to Utilize Dilute Methane Streams

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$225,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Haiging Lin, Senior Research Scientist – (650) 543-3359
Abstract:
Methane is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. Various technologies and process improvements have been developed to curb methane emissions in the United States. There is still a lack of economically viable technology, however, to utilize dilute methane streams… More

Membrane Process for solvent Reclamation and Reuse

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency:
EPA
Principal Investigator:
Yu Huang – (650) 543-3354
Abstract:
Many commercial hydrophilic solvents form azeotropes or have vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) pinch points with water, which making solvent recovery by conventional distillation difficult. Solvents that form such azeotropes or have such pinch points include isopropyl alcohol (IPA), acetone, methyl… More