Hydrogen Recovery and Carbon Dioxide Separation In Steam Methane Reformers
75004B If hydrogen is to be used as an environmentally-friendly fuel, hydrogen production costs must be lowered and carbon dioxide, a by-product of hydrogen production, must be separated for sequestration. This project will develop a membrane process to recover hydrogen and separate carbon dioxide from steam-methane-reformer pressure-swing-absorption plants. The process should increase hydrogen production by 15% while simultaneously producing a liquid carbon dioxide stream for sequestration. The value of the recovered hydrogen will offset the cost of the process. In Phase I, two novel membranes were produced: one to separate carbon dioxide, the other to separate hydrogen. Composite membranes with a carbon dioxide/hydrogen selectivity of 10 were prepared and tested as bench-scale membrane modules. A process simulation model, based on the performance of these membranes combined with hydrogen-permeable membranes, was used to design an efficient pressure-swing-absorption tail-gas treatment process. In Phase II, the membranes that were prepared in Phase I will be scaled up to industrial scale and evaluated in a complete pilot-scale system, in order to demonstrate the technical and economic feasibility of the process. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits as described by the awardee: The new carbon dioxide/hydrogen membranes will increase hydrogen production and sequester carbon dioxide in steam reformer plants. The cost of the process will be covered by the value of the hydrogen produced.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Membrane Technology And Research, Inc. (mtr)
1360 Willow Road Suite 103 Menlo Park, CA 94025
Number of Employees: