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SBIR Phase I: The Novel Technology Beyond Bt Era to Help Plant Self-defense

Award Information

Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
88274
Program Year/Program:
2008 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
0740426
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
MSTRS Technologies Inc.
2501 North Loop Drive 528 Science II Building, ISU Ames, IA 50010 8277
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2008
Title: SBIR Phase I: The Novel Technology Beyond Bt Era to Help Plant Self-defense
Agency: NSF
Contract: 0740426
Award Amount: $99,560.00
 

Abstract:

This Phase I SBIR project develops a novel technology to help plants defend themselves against aphid attack. The currently available insecticidal control methods have the risks of killing beneficial insects and polluting the environment. Plants are capable of using aphid-induced volatile signals for self-defense. Many aphid predators use these signals to increase their foraging efficiency. This project will demonstrate the feasibility of using the soybean indirect defense strategy to produce the plant defensive compound (methyl salicylate) via the timely-expressed methyltransferase system that not only attracts aphid natural enemies, but also acts as an aphid repellent to reduce their colonization. The Broader Impacts of the proposed activity are to provide novel plant defense strategies for repelling aphids and recruiting the aphids' natural enemies to suppress aphid population under the economical threshold; to improve crop quality and to increase yields at a minimal cost for aphid management, and thus will increase growers competitiveness in the world market; and to provide vital information for both fundamental and applied research at the molecular levels to address the problem of managing the aphid pests on the nation's food crops.

Principal Investigator:

Junwei Zhu
PhD
5152941610
mstrszhu@gmail.com

Business Contact:

Junwei Zhu
PhD
5152941610
mstrszhu@gmail.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

MSTRS Technologies Inc.
2501 North Loop Drive 528 Science II Building, ISU Ames, IA 50010

EIN/Tax ID: 421477243
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No