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IDENTIFICATION OF SIGMA ANTAGONISTS

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
16836
Program Year/Program:
1991 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
16836
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Nova Pharmaceutical Corp
6200 Freeport Ctr Baltimore, MD 21224
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1991
Title: IDENTIFICATION OF SIGMA ANTAGONISTS
Agency: HHS
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $49,911.00
 

Abstract:

DOPAMINE (D2) RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS SUCH AS HALOPERIDOL AND CHLORPROMAZINE ARE MOST COMMONLY USED TO TREAT SCHIZOPHRENIA. HOWEVER, BOTH ACUTE AND CHRONIC ADMINISTRATION OF THESE DRUGS CAN RESULT IN THE APPEARANCE OF EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SIDE EFFECTS (EPS) WHICH, LIKE THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF THESE DRUGS, RESULTS FROM BLOCKADE OFD2 RECEPTORS. THEREFORE, ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS WHOSE MECHANISM OF ACTION DOES NOT INVOLVE D2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISM WILL BE VALUABLE THERAPEUTIC AGENTS. A NOVEL APPROACH TO THE TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF SIGMA ANTAGONISTS. NOVA HAS IDENTIFIED POTENT AND SELECTIVE, ORALLY ACTIVE SIGMA AGENTS HAVING ANTIPSYCHOTIC PROPERTIES. THE SPECIFIC AIMS OF THE PHASE I STUDY ARE TO IDENTIFY POTENT AND SELECTIVE COMPOUNDS EXHIBITING ORAL EFFICACY USING TWO BEHAVIORAL PARADIGMS THOUGHT TO PREDICT ANTIPSYCHOTIC POTENTIAL, AND TO OBTAIN A STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY PROFILE ON WHICH TO BASE FUTURE MEDICINALCHEMISTRY EFFORTS. THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF THIS RESEARCH IS TOIDENTIFY AN ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENT(S), DEVOID OF EPS LIABILITY,THAT IS THERAPEUTICALLY SUPERIOR TO CURRENTLY AVAILABLE ANTIPSYCHOTICS. GIVEN THE EXISTING LACK OF SUITABLE TREATMENTS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA, THE IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AN ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUG THAT IS BOTH EFFICACIOUS AND SAFE WILL RESULT IN BOTH THERAPEUTIC AND COMMERCIAL SUCCESS. DOPAMINE (D2) RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS SUCH AS HALOPERIDOL AND CHLORPROMAZINE ARE MOST COMMONLY USED TO TREAT SCHIZOPHRENIA. HOWEVER, BOTH ACUTE AND CHRONIC ADMINISTRATION OF THESE DRUGS CAN RESULT IN THE APPEARANCE OF EXTRAPYRAMIDAL SIDE EFFECTS (EPS) WHICH, LIKE THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF THESE DRUGS, RESULTS FROM BLOCKADE OFD2 RECEPTORS. THEREFORE, ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUGS WHOSE MECHANISM OF ACTION DOES NOT INVOLVE D2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISM WILL BE VALUABLE THERAPEUTIC AGENTS. A NOVEL APPROACH TO THE TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF SIGMA ANTAGONISTS. NOVA HAS IDENTIFIED POTENT AND SELECTIVE, ORALLY ACTIVE SIGMA AGENTS HAVING ANTIPSYCHOTIC PROPERTIES. THE SPECIFIC AIMS OF THE PHASE I STUDY ARE TO IDENTIFY POTENT AND SELECTIVE COMPOUNDS EXHIBITING ORAL EFFICACY USING TWO BEHAVIORAL PARADIGMS THOUGHT TO PREDICT ANTIPSYCHOTIC POTENTIAL, AND TO OBTAIN A STRUCTURE-ACTIVITY PROFILE ON WHICH TO BASE FUTURE MEDICINALCHEMISTRY EFFORTS. THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF THIS RESEARCH IS TOIDENTIFY AN ANTIPSYCHOTIC AGENT(S), DEVOID OF EPS LIABILITY,THAT IS THERAPEUTICALLY SUPERIOR TO CURRENTLY AVAILABLE ANTIPSYCHOTICS. GIVEN THE EXISTING LACK OF SUITABLE TREATMENTS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA, THE IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AN ANTIPSYCHOTIC DRUG THAT IS BOTH EFFICACIOUS AND SAFE WILL RESULT IN BOTH THERAPEUTIC AND COMMERCIAL SUCCESS.

Principal Investigator:

Edward Carbon Jr
3015587000

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Nova Pharmaceutical Corp
6200 Freeport Ctr Baltimore, MD 21224

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No