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A MULTI-BAND SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INFRARED RADIOMETER

Award Information

Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
17025
Program Year/Program:
1992 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
17025
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Ophir Corp
10184 West Belleview Avenue, Suite 200 Littleton, CO 80127-1762
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 1992
Title: A MULTI-BAND SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE INFRARED RADIOMETER
Agency: NASA
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $496,994.00
 

Abstract:

RECENT RESEARCH HAS SHOWN THE IMPORTANCE OF CALIBRATING AND VERIFYING SATELLITE SEA-SURFACE-TEMPERATURE (SST) RADIOMETERS USING SHIPBOARD "SKIN" RADIOMETRIC THERMOMETERS RATHER THAN BUOY, IN-SITU THERMOMETERS. SINCE THE SATELLITE RADIOMETERS MEASURE SEA-SURFACE SKIN BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE, VERIFICATION SENSORS SHOULD MEASURE THE IDENTICAL SKIN TEMPERATURE TO ACHIEVE OPTIMUM SATELLITE RADIOMETER ACCURACY. BULK AND SKIN SSTS CAN DIFFER BY AS MUCH AS 2 DEGREES CENTIGRADE, WITH THE SKIN TEMPERATURE TYPICALLY 0.6 DEGREES CENTIGRADE COOLER THAN THE BULK TEMPERATURE. A 5-BAND, SHIP-MOUNTED, DOWN-LOOKING INFRARED RADIOMETRIC CALIBRATOR WILL BE DEVISED TO MEASURE SEA SURFACE BRIGHTNESS-TEMPERATURE TO WITHIN 0.02 DEGREES CENTIGRADE. IT IS AN EVOLUTIONARY EXTENSION OF AN EXISTING 4.25-3.7MUM AIRBORNE RADIOMETER. THE SST RADIOMETER WILL BE USED FOR SEA TRUTH CALIBRATION/VERIFICATION OF THE EXISTING AND PLANNED SATELLITE SEA-VIEWING RADIOMETERS. THE RADIOMETRIC CALIBRATOR IS AN IMPROVEMENT OVER CURRENT SENSORS IN THAT IT HAS VERY HIGH (0.02 DEGREES CENTIGRADE) THEORETICAL PRECISION, ACHIEVES NBS INTERCOMPARISON TRACEABILITY IN THE FIELD THROUGH A SEAWATER BUCKET CALIBRATION STANDARD AND TWO INTERNAL BLACKBODIES, AND IS DESIGNED TO USE 5 CHANNELS THAT MATCH EXACTLY THE CHANNEL PARAMETERS OF THE PLANNED MODERATE-RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTROMETER-NADIR (MODIS-N) SST RADIOMETER SOON TO FLY ON THE EOS SATELLITE. RECENT RESEARCH HAS SHOWN THE IMPORTANCE OF CALIBRATING AND VERIFYING SATELLITE SEA-SURFACE-TEMPERATURE (SST) RADIOMETERS USING SHIPBOARD "SKIN" RADIOMETRIC THERMOMETERS RATHER THAN BUOY, IN-SITU THERMOMETERS. SINCE THE SATELLITE RADIOMETERS MEASURE SEA-SURFACE SKIN BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE, VERIFICATION SENSORS SHOULD MEASURE THE IDENTICAL SKIN TEMPERATURE TO ACHIEVE OPTIMUM SATELLITE RADIOMETER ACCURACY. BULK AND SKIN SSTS CAN DIFFER BY AS MUCH AS 2 DEGREES CENTIGRADE, WITH THE SKIN TEMPERATURE TYPICALLY 0.6 DEGREES CENTIGRADE COOLER THAN THE BULK TEMPERATURE. A 5-BAND, SHIP-MOUNTED, DOWN-LOOKING INFRARED RADIOMETRIC CALIBRATOR WILL BE DEVISED TO MEASURE SEA SURFACE BRIGHTNESS-TEMPERATURE TO WITHIN 0.02 DEGREES CENTIGRADE. IT IS AN EVOLUTIONARY EXTENSION OF AN EXISTING 4.25-3.7MUM AIRBORNE RADIOMETER. THE SST RADIOMETER WILL BE USED FOR SEA TRUTH CALIBRATION/VERIFICATION OF THE EXISTING AND PLANNED SATELLITE SEA-VIEWING RADIOMETERS. THE RADIOMETRIC CALIBRATOR IS AN IMPROVEMENT OVER CURRENT SENSORS IN THAT IT HAS VERY HIGH (0.02 DEGREES CENTIGRADE) THEORETICAL PRECISION, ACHIEVES NBS INTERCOMPARISON TRACEABILITY IN THE FIELD THROUGH A SEAWATER BUCKET CALIBRATION STANDARD AND TWO INTERNAL BLACKBODIES, AND IS DESIGNED TO USE 5 CHANNELS THAT MATCH EXACTLY THE CHANNEL PARAMETERS OF THE PLANNED MODERATE-RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTROMETER-NADIR (MODIS-N) SST RADIOMETER SOON TO FLY ON THE EOS SATELLITE.

Principal Investigator:


0

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Ophir Corp.
3190 S Wadsworth Blvd #100 Lakewood, CO 80227

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No