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SNP-based Desktop Biometric Device for Rapid, Low-cost Verification of Identity…

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Homeland Security
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
89661
Program Year/Program:
2009 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
0911018
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
PARABON COMPUTATION, INC.
11260 ROGER BACON DRIVE SUITE 406 RESTON, VA 20190-
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2009
Title: SNP-based Desktop Biometric Device for Rapid, Low-cost Verification of Identity and Kinship and Confirmation of Identity by Physical Traits
Agency: DHS
Contract: NBCHC090036
Award Amount: $99,037.00
 

Abstract:

DNA has the potential to provide vast amounts of biometric information. However, the current method of analyzing DNA - which produces biometric signatures from sequences of "junk" DNA called short tandem repeats (STRs) - falls far short of realizing this potential. STR signatures are information-poor and the technology required to produce them is terminally incapable of supporting fast, automated analysis. In particular, electrophoresis, an essential step in the readout of STRs, has inherent time, size and reproducibility limitations that prevent its use for rapid, low-cost biometric verification. Parabon NanoLabs proposes to overcome these limitations by using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs - pronounced "snips") to form biometric signatures. An easy-to-use, desktop biometric device is proposed, based on a novel "SNP chip," that reads designated SNPs to produce information-rich biometric signatures. It uses these signatures to automatically verify identity and kinship in less than one hour at a cost of under USD 50. The resultant SNP signatures will also provide physical trait information, such as hair and eye color - a capability not possible with STRs. The proposed technology can be further miniaturized to produce a high-speed, handheld biometric device having enormous commercial value across the homeland security, law enforcement, and defense industries.

Principal Investigator:

Steven L. Armentrout
7036899689
sarmentrout@parabon.com

Business Contact:

Paula Gawthorp-Armentrout
7036899689
sarmentrout@parabon.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

Parabon Nanolabs, Inc.
11260 Roger Bacon Drive Suite 406 Reston, VA 20190

EIN/Tax ID: 262194625
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No