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Non-Invasive Optical Determination of GFR

Award Information

Department of Health and Human Services
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2008 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
351 W. 10th St. INDIANAPOLIS, IN 46202-
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2008
Title: Non-Invasive Optical Determination of GFR
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R41DK079477-01A1
Award Amount: $103,740.00


DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PharmacoPhotonics, LLC proposes research leading to a novel 2-photon in vivo fluorescence method for monitoring glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in acute kidney injury (AKI). AKI remains a vexing clinical problem result ing in unacceptably high patient mortality, development of chronic kidney disease and enhanced progression to end stage renal disease. Although clinical risks factors for developing AKI have been identified, we have no reasonable surveillance technique ( b iomarker ) to definitively and rapidly diagnose or determine the extent of severity of AKI in any patient. Since patient outcomes correlate with the extent of injury, and effective therapy requires early intervention, the ability to rapidly diagnose and st ratify patients by their level of kidney injury is paramount for clinical progress in this field. Therefore, we are developing and characterizing an optical measurement technique that can rapidly, accurately and repetitively quantify the glomerular filtrat ion rate (GFR) independent of serum or urinary measurements. It is our intention to more thoroughly characterize this approach using multi-photon microscopy and our patented ratiometric technique utilizing two fluorescent reporter molecules. This quantitat ive ratiometric optical approach minimizes the inherent limitations of intensity fluorescence determinations and allows for rapid and accurate determination of GFR. The purpose of this Phase 1 STTR project is to identify the best molecular candidate, both in composition and molecular size, to be used for quantifying GFR and at the same time minimizing non-renal clearance of candidate molecules. We will then extend these observations into animal models of acute kidney injury including ischemia, sepsis, and n ephrotoxins such as aminoglycosides and radiocontrast agents. These studies will set the foundation for development of our noninvasive optical detection apparatus in a Phase 2 application. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE Acute kidney injury remains a major health care burden with a high mortality rate. At the present time there is no diagnostic test for rapid detection or determination of the severity of injury. This has limited the ability to effectively test potential new therapies. PharmacoPhotonics, LLC is deve loping a non-invasive optical technique to meet this need.

Principal Investigator:

Small Business Information at Submission:


EIN/Tax ID: 120582396
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No