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Carbon Monoxide Metal Oxide Reduction System

Award Information

Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
56431
Program Year/Program:
2002 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
012302
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Pioneer Astronautics
11111 West 8th Avenue, Unit A Lakewood, CO 80215-5516
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2002
Title: Carbon Monoxide Metal Oxide Reduction System
Agency: NASA
Contract: NAS10-01060
Award Amount: $69,960.00
 

Abstract:

The Carbon Monoxide Metal Oxide Reduction System (COMORS) is a method of producing useful oxygen by reducing oxides found in Lunar and Martian surface material. The COMORS heats the oxides to temperatures where the oxygen atoms combine with carbon monoxide gas acting as a reducing agent, producing carbon dioxide. The CO2 is reduced with hydrogen in a reverse water gas shift (RWGS) reactor, and the CO is recycled to the metal oxide reactor. The water produced in the RWGS reaction is electrolyzed; the oxygen is stored and the hydrogen recycled to the RWGS reactor. The COMORS is similar to some hydrogen/ilmenite reduction methods proposed for Lunar missions. Unlike the hydrogen based methods, however, the carbon monoxide/RWGS cycle can operate with higher energy efficiencies, lower losses, and lower temperatures. The concept is very applicable to reduction of Mars metal oxides since the greater content of iron oxides in Mars minerals will result in greater oxygen production for a given unit of oxide feed. This proposal demonstrates CO reduction methods for reducing metallic minerals on the Moon and Mars for oxygen production for human exploration.

Principal Investigator:

Robert Zubrin
Principal Investigator
3039800890
zubrin@aol.com

Business Contact:

Robert Zubrin
President
3039800890
zubrin@aol.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

Pioneer Astronautics
11111 W. 8th Avenue, Unit A Lakewood, CO 80215

EIN/Tax ID: 841322304
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No