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Carbon Monoxide Silicate Reduction System

Award Information

Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
76790
Program Year/Program:
2006 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
040453
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Pioneer Astronautics
11111 West 8th Avenue, Unit A Lakewood, CO 80215-5516
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 2
Fiscal Year: 2006
Title: Carbon Monoxide Silicate Reduction System
Agency: NASA
Contract: NNJ06JE51C
Award Amount: $599,954.00
 

Abstract:

The Carbon Monoxide Silicate Reduction System (COSRS) is a novel technology for producing large quantities of oxygen on the Moon. Oxygen yields of 15 kilograms per 100 kilograms of feed soil were demonstrated during Phase I using both lunar and Mars soil simulants. This is about five times the oxygen yield achievable by hydrogen reduction. Up to 30 kilograms of oxygen per 100 kilograms of feed soil are recoverable by adjustment of the carbon-silicon ratio.Soils are sequentially subjected to iron oxide reduction by carbon monoxide, in-situ deposition of carbon throughout the soil by carbon monoxide disproportionation, and finally high-temperature carbothermal reduction of silicates by the deposited carbon.COSRS operates in a closed system. An inventory of carbon is maintained in the form of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and solid carbon. Most of the oxygen recovered from soil is in the form of carbon monoxide, which is converted to carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is then reacted with hydrogen in a reverse water gas shift reactor. The RWGS system regenerates carbon monoxide for use in the COSRS process and produces water, which is electrolyzed. Hydrogen from electrolysis is recycled within the RWGS system. Oxygen from electrolysis is the COSRS product.

Principal Investigator:

Mark Berggren
Principal Investigator
3039800231
mberggren@pioneerastro.com

Business Contact:

Robert Zubrin
Business Official
3039800890
zubrin@aol.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

Pioneer Astronautics
11111 W. 8th Avenue, Unit A Lakewood, CO 80215

EIN/Tax ID: 841322304
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No