Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER)
Improved first-aid training tools and rehearsal methodologies based on visual learning and recall could significantly reduce battlefield fatalities. To support visual learning of first-aid skills, we executed a Phase I effort to design Pictorial Representations of Medical Procedures to Train for Effective Recall (PROMPTER). Based on this successful proof-of-concept effort, we propose a development and evaluation effort focused on four major components. First, we will design an intuitive, standardized symbology for the individual first-aid task and subtasks that comprise the complex emergency first-aid skills of the Soldiers Manual of Common Tasks, Warrior Skills, Level 1 (STP 21-1-SMCT). Second, we will incorporate sets of these first-aid symbols within a pictorial mnemonic framework to visually represent each of the seventeen procedures in STP-21-SMCT. Third, we will design and demonstrate adaptive, microgame-based training methods that leverage these pictorial mnemonic training materials. These microgames will present tasks and challenges relevant to procedural skill acquisition and retention, using engaging game play mechanisms that are continually tailored to individual Soldiers evolving training needs. Fourth, we will conduct formal evaluations to assess both the usability of PROMPTER visual training materials as well as their effectiveness in enhancing procedural skill acquisition and retention over time.
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