Modeling and Closed-Loop Control of Complex Flows Over Aerodynamic Surfaces
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
The use of active flow control can reduce or eliminate the number of aerodynamic control surfaces in aircraft. Elimination of control surfaces results in a reduction of weight and drag, as well as radar observability. Recent advances in MicroElectromechanical Systems (MEMS) technology have rendered it a feasible alternative for unsteady flow sensing and control. This project will be performed jointly by Scientific Systems Co. and Prof. Rediniotis from Texas A&M University, and will demonstratethe use of MEMS for closed-loop flow control. In particular, a delta wing is controlled by actively inducing or delaying Vortex Breakdown (VBD) so as to globally affect the flow over the wing in a desired way. The feedback mechanism is hingeless andconsists of MEMS-based flow sensors and small Pneumatic Vortex Control (PVC) jet actuators. During this effort, we will develop modeling and control design algorithms for active flow control. Proposed Phase I tasks include: (a) acquisition of unsteady flowdata, (b) control-oriented reduced order unsteady flow modeling using wavelets, indicial functions, and system identification techniques, (c) feedback controller design and numerical evaluation using robust control techniques, and (d) planning forreal-time flow control demonstration in Phase II. Unsteady flow data will be acquired from the facilities in the fluid dynamics laboratory at Texas A&M University.Active control of vortical flow fields has applications in jet engines and turbomachinery,rotorcraft, air traffic control, and UAV formation flying. MEMS-based sensing and actuation technology has applications in NDE of structures, and bio-mimetics.
Small Business Information at Submission:
Pablo O. Arambel
Raman K. Mehra
Research Institution Information:
SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS COMPANY, INC.
500 West Cummings Park, Suite 3000 Woburn, MA 01801
Number of Employees:
TEXAS ENGINEERING EXPERIMENT STATION
332 Wisenbaker, Engineering Research Center
College Station, PA 77843
Carol J. Cantrell
Nonprofit college or university