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Company Information:

Company Name: Spectral Energies, LLC
City: Dayton
State: OH
Zip+4: 45431-
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phone: (937) 266-9570

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $4,370,890.00 39
SBIR Phase II $14,568,062.00 19
STTR Phase I $918,748.00 8
STTR Phase II $1,694,883.00 3

Award List:

Investigation of Combustion Instability in Augmentors Using High-Speed PIV and PLIF

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magan Paciaroni, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,771.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed Phase-I research effort is to assess the feasibility of performing high-speed (1-5 kHz) particle-image velocimetry (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) for understanding combustion stability and related phenomena in gas-turbine augmentors. Initial… More

Exhaust Jet Noise Reduction for Tactical Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Project Manager
Award Amount: $79,508.00
Abstract:
A class of high amplitude and high bandwidth actuators called localized arc filament plasma actuators (LAFPAs) have recently been developed at OSU and used for control of high-speed and high Reynolds number jets. The control included successful noise mitigation in a Mach 0.9 jet and mixing… More

Schlieren Based Seedless PIV for High Frequency Cavity Flow Control Applications in Large Scale Wind Tunnel Facilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Magan Paciaroni, Research Scientist
Award Amount: $99,673.00
Abstract:
Flow control using high-frequency actuation to reduce acoustic and vibrational loading from weapons bays and sensor apertures requires a diagnostic approach that can capture instantaneous flowfield data at rates of several kHz. Moreover, large wind tunnel facilities suffer the difficulty that… More

Spatially and Temporally Resolved Temperature and Species Concentration Measurements in High-Pressure Combustors using fs-CARS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Project Manager
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed Phase-I research effort is to develop femtosecond (fs) laser-based coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy for providing quantitative high-speed (1-10 kHz) temperature and species concentration measurements in unsteady reacting flows. The initial… More

Picosecond-Laser-Based Fiber-Coupled Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Spectroscopy System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Technical Director
Award Amount: $99,895.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed Phase-I research effort is to perform temperature and species measurements in both H2-air and C2H4-air flames using a fiber-coupled picosecond CARS system. Single-mode and step-index multi-mode fibers will be investigated for the delivery of the picosecond lasers to… More

Development of a Piezoelectric Active Acoustic Liner for Jet Engine Noise Reduction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Project Manager
Award Amount: $79,899.00
Abstract:
Acoustic liners are presently used for attenuating combustion and turbine noise radiated from jet engines. Current acoustic liners are passive by nature. This is a drawback because they are only able to absorb acoustic energy over a limited bandwidth. A possible solution to this drawback is the… More

Schlieren Based Seedless PIV for High Frequency Cavity Flow Control Applications in Large Scale Wind Tunnel Facilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Project Manager
Award Amount: $749,735.00
Abstract:
Flow control using high-frequency actuation to reduce acoustic and vibrational loading from weapons bays and sensor apertures requires a diagnostic approach that can capture instantaneous flowfield data at rates of several kHz. Moreover, large wind tunnel facilities suffer the difficulty of… More

Investigation of Combustion Instability in Augmentors Using High-Speed PIV and PLIF

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Senior Research Scientist
Award Amount: $749,425.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase-II effort is to build and deliver a high-speed laser system for performing particle-image velocimetry (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of OH at rates of 5 to 10 kHz in augmentor test facilities. This state-of-the-art laser system will allow velocity and… More

Direct Numerical Simulation of Hypersonic Boundary Layer Transition for Heat Transfer Prediction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UCLA
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,920.00
RI Contact: Xiaolin Zhong
Abstract:
The prediction of laminar-turbulent transition of hypersonic boundary layers is critically important to the development of hypersonic vehicles that are to be used for rapid global access. Boundary layer transition has first-order impacts on aerodynamic heating, as well as drag and control of… More

Plasma Control of Turbine Secondary Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,946.00
Abstract:
We propose Phase I and II efforts that will focus on turbomachinery flow control. Specifically, the present work will investigate active control in a high speed turbine flow. The flow control actuators will be Single Dielectric Barrier Discharge (SDBD), or "plasma actuators." The work will be… More

Active-Distributed Boundary Layer Management Using Flow Sensory Actuators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: FLORIDA STATE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, President
Award Amount: $99,825.00
RI Contact: Farrukh Alvi
Abstract:
The goal of achieving efficient flow control becomes even more challenging for MAVs as a result of the significant weight and size limitations. These preclude the use of complex hardware and control schemes which may be usable in conventional aircraft. In this research program, we propose an… More

Simultaneous Particle Imaging Velocimetry and Thermometry (PIVT) in Reacting Flows by Using Lanthanide Doped Nanoparticles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Research Institution: Princeton University
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,945.00
RI Contact: Yiguang Ju
Abstract:
The goal for the proposed Phase I research is to develop a new particle imaging velocimetry and thermometry (PIVT) method to measure velocity and temperature distributions simultaneously in reactive and non-reactive flows by using lanthanide doped nanoparticles. Specifically, the proposed study… More

ULTRAFAST DIAGNOSTICS FOR NOVEL ENERGETIC MATERIALS IN ROCKET ENGINE ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: PURDUE UNIV.
Principal Investigator: Robert P. Lucht, Professor
Award Amount: $99,724.00
RI Contact: Robert P. Lucht
Abstract:
Abstract

Establishing a Practical and Accurate Combustion Mechanism for JP-10

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: University of Massachusetts Amherst
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,921.00
RI Contact: Phillip R. Westmoreland
Abstract:
JP-10 is a single-compound C10H16 fuel that is the principal air-breathing missile fuel used in the U.S. at present. We propose that its effective use can be advanced by modeling its chemistry and combustion physics, testing these predictions against laboratory and full-scale experiments, and then… More

Exhaust Jet Noise Reduction for Tactical Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $989,318.00
Abstract:
A class of high amplitude and high bandwidth actuators called localized arc filament plasma actuators (LAFPAs) have been developed at OSU and used for control of high-speed and high Reynolds number jets. The control included successful noise mitigation in a Mach 0.9 jet and mixing enhancement in a… More

High-Bandwidth Noninvasive Sensor Systems For Measuring Enthalpy and Mass Flux in Detonation-Powered Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,880.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed Phase-I research effort is to perform velocity, temperature, pressure, and H2O concentration measurements at the end of a detonation tube and the exhaust of a detonation-powered turbine at a rate of 50 kHz. These measurements will help quantify the efficiencies of… More

3D Tomographic Reconstruction of Flow Fields for Spatio-Temporal Resolved Measurements in Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Director of Structures
Award Amount: $99,991.00
Abstract:
We propose an innovative sensor technology that combines a high-bandwidth Time-Division Multiplexing laser system along with a 3D tomographic reconstruction model to provide spatially and temporally resolved 3D temperature and H2O concentration image of the flow field at data rate of 50 kHz. The… More

High Bandwidth Plasma Sensor Suite for Flow Parameter and Vibration Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $149,372.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop a suite of MEMS-miniature, a.c.-driven, weakly-ionized plasma devices configured as flush-mounted sensors for direct measurement of heat flux, mass-flow, strain, and gas species for advanced engine prognostics and diagnostic monitoring. Among the advantages of plasma-based… More

Femtosecond Temporal Pulse Shaping and Spectroscopy for Drilling and Inspecting Straight and Shaped Cooling Holes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Scientist
Award Amount: $99,717.00
Abstract:
Laser micromachining is being widely used in every industry, including aerospace, automobile, microelectronics and bio-technology. The recent advent of commercial turn-key, high power femtosecond lasers has prompted a great amount of interest in using femtosecond lasers for machining. It has been… More

Picosecond-Laser-Based Fiber-Coupled Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) Spectroscopy System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Chief Excecutive Officer
Award Amount: $699,752.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase-II research effort is to build and deliver a fully operational fiber-coupled picosecond (ps) laser-based CARS system for measuring gas-phase temperature in reacting flows. The proposed fiber-based CARS system will also be fully capable of nanosecond operation with the… More

Spatially and Temporally Resolved Temperature and Species Concentration Measurements in High-Pressure Combustors using fs-CARS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $749,774.00
Abstract:
The objectives of the proposed Phase-II research effort is (1) to develop single-shot femtosecond (fs) laser-based coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy for providing quantitative high-speed (1-10 kHz) temperature and species concentration measurements in unsteady reacting flows,… More

Quantitative kHz to MHz Frame Rate Flow Diagnostics for Aerodynamic Ground Test Facilities

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,938.00
Abstract:
The proposed Phase I SBIR program will study the feasibility of building next-generation burst-mode laser diagnostics that will enable unparalleled planar imaging capabilities for quantitative analysis of flow parameters, such as velocity, temperature, and species concentration in large-scale… More

ULTRAFAST DIAGNOSTICS FOR NOVEL ENERGETIC MATERIALS IN ROCKET ENGINE ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Iowa State University
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO
Award Amount: $600,000.00
RI Contact: Terrence R. Meyer
Abstract:
The objectives of this Phase-II research effort is focused on transitioning noninvasive diagnostic techniques based on ultrafast lasers for characterizing nanoenergetic materials and their performance in rocket engine environments. Through the use of ultrafast laser imaging and spectroscopy, it is… More

Development and validation of a ReaxFF potential for hydrocarbon cracking reactions on Co and Fe-doped aluminosilicate catalysts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO
Award Amount: $99,932.00
Abstract:
The objective of this Phase-I research effort is to develop a force field (FF) based reactive molecular dynamics (MD) simulation program to understand hydrocarbon cracking catalysis on well-defined aluminosilicate systems and on Fe- and Co-doped catalysts. Full dynamical description of the… More

High Bandwidth Plasma Sensor Instrumentation for the Measurements of Turbine Inlet Conditions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,960.00
Abstract:
Spectral Energies, LLC and The University of Notre Dame propose to develop weakly-ionized plasma devices for the measurement of flow conditions in gas turbine inlets. The design of these devices is based on the work of Matlis and Corke who developed a.c. plasma sensors for measurement of mass-flux… More

3D Tomographic Reconstruction of Flow Fields for Spatio-Temporal Resolved Measurements in Augmentors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $749,917.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research effort is to develop a 3-D tomographic reconstruction strategy along with user-friendly software for providing spatially and temporally resolved temperature and H2O concentration data cubes in augmentor flow fields at rate of 50 kHz. This strategy model will be… More

High-Bandwidth Noninvasive Sensor Systems For Measuring Enthalpy and Mass Flux in Detonation-Powered Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $1,497,547.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed Phase-II research effort is to build and deliver a hyperspectral sensor to perform velocity, temperature, pressure, and H2O concentration measurements at the end of a detonation tube and the exhaust of a detonation-powered turbine at a rate of 50 kHz. These… More

High Bandwidth Plasma Sensor Suite for Flow Parameter and Vibration Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President
Award Amount: $402,453.00
Abstract:
Spectral Energies, LLC in collaboration with University of Notre Dame is developing a "suite" of ac-driven, weakly-ionized plasma devices configured as flush-mounted high-bandwidth sensors to measure quantities that are important to gas-turbine engine performance. The sensors are designed for… More

Novel Polymer Derived Ceramic Thermal Anemometer for Gas Turbine Coolant Bleed Flow Rate Measurement

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President
Award Amount: $79,501.00
Abstract:
As current gas turbine engines operate with hot gas temperatures well beyond the melting temperatures of the materials used within the machine, cooling of these components is a crucial aspect of engine performance. In flight knowledge of the levels of coolant air bled from the compressor serve… More

ULTRAFAST DIAGNOSTICS FOR NOVEL ENERGETIC MATERIALS IN ROCKET ENGINE ENVIRONMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Iowa State University
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $600,000.00
RI Contact: Terrence R. Meyer
Abstract:
The objectives of this Phase-II research effort is focused on transitioning noninvasive diagnostic techniques based on ultrafast lasers for characterizing nanoenergetic materials and their performance in rocket engine environments. Through the use of ultrafast laser imaging and spectroscopy, it is… More

Coupled Transpired and Discretely Injected Films

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,698.00
Abstract:
NASA, and all users of turbomachinery, continuously requires improvements in engine durability and efficiencies. As combustion engineers push turbine inlet temperatures to new extremes, cooling designers are faced with increasing heat loads and less available coolant usage. Surface cooling… More

Development of Wavelet Stochastic Estimation for Identifying the Contribution of Turbulent Structures to the Sound Field of Shear Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,918.00
Abstract:
Fundamental understanding of noise generation and the development of noise reduction technology requires the development of tools that can analyze simultaneously the relationship between the turbulent flow field and the pressure field both near and far. In this proposal we will demonstrate how… More

Plasma Sensor for High Bandwidth Mass-Flow Measurements at High Mach Numbers with RF Link

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,751.00
Abstract:
The proposal is aimed at the development of a miniature high bandwidth (1 MHz class) plasma sensor for flow measurements at high enthalpies. This device uses a plasma discharge between two encapsulated electrodes as the primary sensing element to measure various flow parameters including mass flow.… More

Mechanism and Model-based Improvement of Energetic Aluminum Nanoparticles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO and Senior Research Scientist – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $99,947.00
Abstract:
The current proposal addresses the need for development of an accurate and complete mechanism for the reaction of nanoparticles (using Al as a test case), formulation of mathematical models describing all the chemical, mechanical, and physical processes, predictions for the improvement of Al… More

Development of transonic and supersonic turret design methods for improved optical and aerodynamic performance

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $99,910.00
Abstract:
The development of airborne High-Energy Laser (HEL) systems is currently receiving a high level of research effort. There is growing evidence that spherical turrets are not ideal mounting platforms for HEL systems because they are highly susceptible to flows that produce strong optical aberrations… More

Microwave Energy Deposition and Control Using Ultrafast Lasers for Improving the Performance of High Speed Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (837) 266-9570
Award Amount: $99,860.00
Abstract:
The objective of this research is to determine if microwave energy deposition can be localized by laser or other means such that significant levels of power/energy can be delivered to off body locations for flow control applications. Preliminary work has shown that very low energy short pulse laser… More

Planar Liquid-Vapor Imaging of Fuel Sprays for JP-8 and Alternative Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Research Scientist and CEO – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $99,967.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: An optical technique for reliably separating and quantifying the liquid and vapor phases of real fuels has been elusive. Challenges include multiple scattering in dense regions, complex laser interaction with the fuel, a wide range of length scales, and effects of temperature and… More

Novel Laser-Based Diagnostics for Quantitative Characterization of Burning in the Turbine Phenomenon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $99,171.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: There are two overarching objectives of the Phase-I research effort. The first objective would be to provide non-invasive optical measurements for quantifying the pattern factor of the exhaust products from a Well-Stirred Reactor when it is entering a test-section that includes turbine… More

Towards Closed-Loop Control of Unstart in Scramjets: Development of Tools for Optimal Design of Sensors and Actuators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $99,896.00
Abstract:
This research program proposes to make significant advances toward a novel framework for optimal design of sensors and actuators for use in closed-loop control of dual-mode scramjet engines. The proposal specifically aims to implement control theoretic methods to aid the user in determining the… More

Identification and Active Control of Jet Noise Sources Using High Resolution Coupled Measurement Devices and Methods

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $99,960.00
Abstract:
The noise due to jet engine exhausts of current military and commercial aircraft continues to be a major environmental concern since the advent of jet aircraft. Challenges associated with increasing levels of noise pollution include aircraft operations ashore and afloat. The high frequency, intense… More

Aero-Optical Flow Control for Mitigation of Shock Effects in Airborne Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $149,592.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Spectral Energies, LLC in collaboration with the University of Notre Dame and Georgia Tech proposes to develop flow control approaches for mitigating adverse effects of shock formation, unsteadiness, and shock-induced separation on aero optical turrets. The work will focus for the first… More

Development of Pressure Measurement System for Prediction and Control of Jet Noise from Full-Scale Gas Turbine Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $79,876.00
Abstract:
The measurement of convective, pressure wave-packets in the near field for a full-scale engine is desired because these wave packets can be used to predict the far-field sound. In this proposal we outline a plan to develop software, design a robust mechanical structure, design a microphone array… More

High Bandwidth Plasma Sensor Instrumentation for the Measurements of Turbine Inlet Conditions

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $499,828.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Modern gas turbines must reduce emissions while demonstrating improved efficiency, durability, and performance. Designers are using higher compression ratios and peak temperatures to meet these goals. Flows in the area of the turbine inlet are highly unsteady, non-uniform, and… More

Development and validation of a ReaxFF potential for hydrocarbon cracking reactions on Co and Fe-doped aluminosilicate catalysts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $749,365.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of this Phase-II research effort is to further develop, validate and apply the ReaxFF force field parameters for hydrocarbon cracking catalysis on Fe- and Co-doped aluminosilicate systems. During Phase I we demonstrated the feasibility of the ReaxFF method for this… More

Triple-pulse Particle Image Velocimeter for the Simultaneous Measurement of the Velocity and Acceleration Fields of Fluid and Flexible Structure under

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Arizona State University
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $149,909.00
RI Contact: Ronald J. Adrian
Abstract:
An advanced optical instrument is proposed with the capabilities of distinguishing between fluid and solid components of an image and measuring the velocity field and acceleration field of each. The design is based on the well known and robustly practiced principles of particle image velocimetry,… More

High-Bandwidth Laser-Based Measurements and Modeling for Thermoacoustic Instabilities in High-Pressure Combustors for Aerospace Fuels and Emerging Alt

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $149,494.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objectives of this Phase-I research effort are to perform various advanced laser-based measurements in a laboratory flame for various hydrocarbon fuels in order to identify suitable technologies as well as to develop a mathematical model for investigating various combustion… More

X-Ray Tomography and Structured Light Topography of 4-D Fuel Mass Distributions in Rocket Sprays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $149,709.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this research effort is to develop a next-generation X-ray tomography and surface topology imaging system for four-dimensional (4-D) characterization of liquid mass distributions within dense fuel sprays. This will be accomplished through high-speed 3-D imaging,… More

Spatio-temporal Dynamical System Analysis Tools for Very Large Data Sets

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $149,494.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This Phase-I research effort will enable propulsion engineers to design and control high-pressure combustors/augmentors operating on various aerospace fuels and emerging alternatives by developing a set of nonlinear analysis tools that can achieve two overarching goals: efficiently… More

Towards Closed-Loop Control of Unstart in Scramjets: Development of Tools for Optimal Design of Sensors and Actuators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $749,022.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of this program proposed by Spectral Energies, LLC and University of Texas at Austin is to develop a novel framework for optimal design of sensors and actuators for use in closed-loop control of dual-mode scramjet engines. In Phase I, the framework was developed by analyzing… More

Identification and Active Control of Jet Noise Sources Using High Resolution Coupled Measurement Devices and Methods

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $749,143.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The noise due to jet engine exhausts of current military and commercial aircraft continues to be a major environmental concern since the advent of jet aircraft. The high frequency, intense noise, and associated vibration pose physical and environments hazards to air crews, ground support… More

Novel Laser-Based Diagnostics and 3D Numerical Modeling for Quantitative Characterization of Burning Phenomenon in the Turbine

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $749,436.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objectives of the proposed research effort is to provide a comprehensive measurements and modeling tools to understand the physics and chemistry associated with burning phenomenon near the turbine surface for various cooling hole configurations. Current state-of-the-art measurements… More

Planar Liquid-Vapor Imaging of Fuel Sprays for JP-8 and Alternative Fuels

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $746,118.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: An optical technique for reliably separating and quantifying the liquid and vapor phases of real fuels has been elusive. Challenges include multiple scattering in dense regions, complex laser interaction with the fuel, a wide range of length scales, and effects of temperature and… More

Development of truly noninvasive ultrafast imaging diagnostics and advanced plasma flow solver for fundamental studies of low-temperature, non-equilibrium plasmas

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Waruna Kulatilaka, Dr.
Award Amount: $149,847.00
Abstract:
The U.S. Department of Energy has determined that a need exists to develop a more fundamental and detailed understanding of the basic physics and chemistry of low temperature plasmas (LTP) ( & lt;10 eV). These non-equilibrium LTPs have a multitude of applications ranging from semiconductor… More

Aero-Optical Flow Control for Mitigation of Shock Effects in Airborne Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $744,180.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Spectral Energies, LLC in collaboration with the University of Notre Dame and Georgia Tech proposes to develop and deliver flow control approaches for mitigating adverse effects of shock formation, unsteadiness, and shock-induced separation on aero optical turrets. During Phase I, one… More

High-Bandwidth Laser-Based Measurements and Modeling for Thermoacoustic Instabilities in High-Pressure Combustors for Aerospace Fuels and Emerging Alt

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Senior Research Scientist – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $749,375.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objectives of this Phase-II research effort are to perform various advanced laser-based measurements in a swirl stabilized combustor test cell, in a high-pressure combustor, and turbulent laboratory flames for various hydrocarbon fuels in order to identify suitable technologies as… More

Spatiotemporal Nonlinear Data Analysis Tools and Reduced Order Models for Prediction of High-Pressure Reacting Flow Dynamics and Control

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: University of Houston
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $149,881.00
RI Contact: Gemunu Gunaratne
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This Phase-I research effort is designed to forward the engineering investigation of the dynamics and control of turbulent combustion in high-pressure combustion systems by developing a set of game-changing nonlinear analysis tools that can significantly improve the post-processing speed… More

Development of a Personal Aerosol Collector and Spectrometer for Detecting Airborne Nanomaterials in an Operational Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Sr. Research Engineer – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $149,605.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Personal filter-based samplers are traditionally used to assess inhalation exposures to particles. When inhaled, however, engineered nanomaterials (NMs) can elicit adverse cardiopulmonary health outcomes that scale more closely with particle number or surface area rather than the… More

Fast Measurements of Particle Emission Using Combined DMA and LII Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Senior Research Scientist&CEO – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $149,844.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This topic calls for a fast and accurate sensor for measurements of particle number density, size distribution, and mass-based emission factors (indices) as an alternate to EPA Method 5 currently used by DoD for reporting turbine particulate matter (PM) emission rates. There is a need for… More

Prediction and Avoidance of Turbine Blade Fatigue Using a Fluid/Thermal/Structure Interaction Methodology

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Sr. Research Engineer – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $149,699.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The drive to increase turbine inlet temperature and overall pressure ratio as well as to reduce turbine weight has led to increases in aerodynamic/thermal loads that can induce flutter and resonance in blades responsible for structural fatigue. In the past, analyses of the unsteady flows… More

Optimal Turbine Blade Topology for Small Engines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, Principal Investigator – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $149,811.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The proposed SBIR Phase I research program will investigate the optimization of turbine blades for small engines. The objective is to use a slot-type hole geometry for film cooling. This has long been recognized as the optimal configuration for cooling effectiveness. The research tasks… More

High-fidelity internal flow modeling for integrated nozzle-plume jet noise simulation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $79,703.00
Abstract:
Spectral Energies, LLC and The Ohio State University proposes a comprehensive research effort to advance the state-of-the-art in seamless computation of the interior of a nozzle in high performance turbine exhaust and downstream plume aerodynamics. The focus is on higher-fidelity methods using… More

Spatio-temporal Dynamical System Analysis Tools for Very Large Data Sets

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO&Senior Research Sci – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $745,293.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This Phase-II research effort will enable propulsion engineers to design and control next generation propulsion systems (components include: combustors, augmentors, turbines, and compressors etc.) by developing a set of nonlinear analysis tools that can achieve two overarching goals:… More

Triple-pulse Particle Image Velocimeter for the Simultaneous Measurement of the Velocity and Acceleration Fields of Fluid and Flexible Structure under

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Research Institution: Arizona State University
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $494,883.00
RI Contact: Ronald J. Adrian
Abstract:
A triple pulse PIV concept and a third order correlation method was developed and demonstrated improvements in accuracy and spatial resolution of the velocity and acceleration measurements in an impinging jet flow field. A low-cost system based on overdriven LEDs, uniquely designed single frame… More

Advanced Optical Diagnostics/Modeling Platform for Plasma Assisted Combustion in Vitiated Air

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Ohio State University
Principal Investigator: Waruna Kulatilaka, Senior Research Scientist – (937) 901-6362
Award Amount: $149,623.00
RI Contact: Walter Lempert
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Modern gas-turbine engines designs for the next-generation warfighter need to reduce exhaust gas temperatures to reduce effective thermal footprint thereby improving the mission capability. In such situations, high-altitude engine operation is often limited by the overall combustion… More

X-Ray Tomography and Structured Light Topography of 4-D Fuel Mass Distributions in Rocket Sprays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, Senior Research Scientist – (937) 255-3115
Award Amount: $749,646.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The primary objective of this research effort is to develop a next-generation X-ray tomography and surface topography imaging system for four-dimensional (4-D) characterization of liquid mass distributions within dense fuel sprays. This will be accomplished through high-speed 3-D… More

Single-port Fiber-optic Probe for Imaging and Spectroscopy in Practical Combustion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $149,755.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The aim of this Phase-I SBIR research effort is to design an optical probe platform for incorporating hi-fidelity optical diagnostics into advanced combustion systems such as gas turbine combustors and augmentors that typically offer very limited optical access. Three unique,… More

Fiber-coupled Picosecond Pulse Train Initiated Microwave Ignition for Lean-burn High-pressure Combustion Air Heaters in AEDC

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sukesh Roy, CEO&Senior Research Scientist – (937) 902-6546
Award Amount: $149,783.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: The objective of the Phase-I effort proposed by Spectral Energies LLC is to demonstrate feasibility of highly reliable fiber-coupled picosecond laser initiated microwave-enhanced ignition technology to satisfy strict requirements for the ignition system in Aerodynamic and Propulsion Test… More

Stereoscopic Retroreflective Shadowgraph System for Warhead Characterization

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Sivaram Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $79,623.00
Abstract:
Spectral Energies, LLC in collaboration with New Mexico Tech proposes to develop a novel stereoscopic retroreflective shadowgraph system for measuring fragment propagation velocities and sizes throughout a large field of view for application to warhead arena or sled testing. Our approach is to use… More

Development of a Personal Aerosol Collector and Spectrometer for Detecting Airborne Nanomaterials in an Operational Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Sivaram P. Gogineni, President – (937) 266-9570
Award Amount: $748,735.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Exposure to engineered nanomaterials (NMs)materials composed of particles with features smaller than 100 nmrepresents a new inhalation hazard for which there are no standard measurement methodologies or applicable occupational exposure limits (OELs). Nano-featured materials can react with… More