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Company Information:

Company Name:
Spectral Sciences, Inc.
Address:
4 Fourth Avenue
Burlington, MA 01803-3304
Phone:
(781) 273-4770
URL:
EIN:
42718570
DUNS:
47627732
Number of Employees:
48
Woman-Owned?:
No
Minority-Owned?:
No
HUBZone-Owned?:
No

Commercialization:

Has been acquired/merged with?:
N/A
Has had Spin-off?:
N/A
Has Had IPO?:
N/A
Year of IPO:
N/A
Has Patents?:
N/A
Number of Patents:
N/A
Total Sales to Date $:
$ 0.00
Total Investment to Date $
$ 0.00
POC Title:
N/A
POC Name:
N/A
POC Phone:
N/A
POC Email:
N/A
Narrative:
N/A

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $11,970,677.00 142
SBIR Phase II $53,603,469.00 76
STTR Phase I $1,199,831.00 12
STTR Phase II $2,740,972.00 4

Award List:

A SPARK DISCHARGE DEVICE IS CONSIDERED AS A SENSOR FOR WATERVAPOR CONTAMINATION OF HIGH PRESSURE HELIUM GAS COOLANT IN HTGR'S (HIGH TEMPERATUE GAS REACTORS).

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. fritz bien , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST/PRESIDENT
Abstract:
A spark discharge device is considered as a sensor for watervapor contamination of high pressure helium gas coolant in htgr's (high temperatue gas reactors). it is necessary to carefully monitor water vapor levels since more than a few parts per million adversely affects reactor graphite structures… More

DURING THE PRELAUNCH CHECKOUT OF THE SPACE SHUTTLE, IT IS CONTINUALLY FLUSHED WITH DRY N(2) IN ORDER TO PREVENT THE BUILDUP OF AN EXPLOSIVE CONCENTRATION OF THE H(2) AND O(2) PROPELLANTS DUE TO LEAKAGE.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael gersh , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Abstract:
During the prelaunch checkout of the space shuttle, it is continually flushed with dry n(2) in order to prevent the buildup of an explosive concentration of the h(2) and o(2) propellants due to leakage. in order to detect any possibleleaks, the flushing gas is continuously sampled to make surethat… More

INFRARED MOISTURE MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Lawrence S. Bernstein
Abstract:
N/a

A SPARK DISCHARGE DEVICE IS PROPOSED FOR A FAST SENSOR FOR TRACE CONCENTRATIONS OF CHEMICAL AGENTS IN DEEP BASING APPLICATIONS.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,851.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. steven adler-golden
Abstract:
A spark discharge device is proposed for a fast sensor for trace concentrations of chemical agents in deep basing applications. the technique would employ atomic emission detection of arsenic (as), phosphorus (p), chlorine (cl), and fluorine (f), which are major components of these agents. the spark… More

INFRARED MOISTURE MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$473,256.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Lawrence S. Bernstein
Abstract:
Small concentrations of water vapor in the helium loops of ahigh temperature gas reactor (htgr) can adversely effect thefuel assemblies and graphite structures. shortcomings in the present moisture monitor make it desirable to explore other techniques. we present a method based on broadband infrared… More

ULTRAVIOLET ABSORPTION HYGROMETER: AN IMPROVED ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Fritz Bien , President
Abstract:
N/a

HHC INFRARED VAPOR/AEROSOL MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$62,950.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Lawrence S Bernstein
Abstract:
N/a

ULTRAVIOLET ABSORPTION HYGROMETER: AN IMPROVED ATMOSPHERIC MOISTURE SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$359,733.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Fritz Bien , President
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the need for an improved instrument to measure atmospheric water vapor content. the ultraviolet absorption hygrometer is designed to fulfill the requirement for a compact, rugged, reliable sensor with a wide dynamic range which can be operated in a field or laboratory… More

HHC INFRARED VAPOR/AEROSOL MONITOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$281,085.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Lawrence S Bernstein
Abstract:
Because of potential environmental effects from the large quantities of hcl released into the atomosphere from space shuttle launches, it is important to monitor the transport of hcl in both vapor and aerosol form into the surrounding areas. the major objectives of phase i are to experimentally… More

FUEL DUMPS AS AN OPTICAL OBSCURANT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,900.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr James W Duff
Abstract:
N/a

FUEL DUMPS AS AN OPTICAL OBSCURANT

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$220,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr James W Duff
Abstract:
The venting of rocket fuel (or other suitable liquids) is proposed as a technique for optical obscuration at high altitudes. as a liquid is released in space, it undergoes a flash evaporation and subsequent cooling which results in a cloud of vapor and particles. radiation can potentially result… More

IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,273.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Michael e gersh
Abstract:
Aircraft fuel leaks represent a significant fire and explosion hazard. at present, if a leak is suspected in an equipment-filled aircraft bay, it is necessary to remove the equipment before being able to characterize what may be a leak that is small enough not to be of concern. this could result in… More

ICE FORMATION ON ROADWAYS AND RUNWAYS IS A PARTICULARLY INSIDIOUS PROBLEM BECAUSE ITS PRESENCE IS OFTEN UNKNOWN TO A VEHICLE OPERATOR.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$62,174.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Steven c richtsmeier
Abstract:
Ice formation on roadways and runways is a particularly insidious problem because its presence is often unknown to a vehicle operator. quick detection of ice or conditions favoring its formation will allow for timely application of deicing compounds. this not only improves safety, but it also… More

PRECISE MISSILE BODY LOCATION USING VACUUM CORE EMISSION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$74,845.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence Bernstein Phd
Abstract:
N/a

PRECISE MISSILE BODY LOCATION USING VACUUM CORE EMISSION

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$262,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence Bernstein Phd
Abstract:
In order for any directed energy weapon system to be effective, it must be capable of locating the target and discriminating against clutter and countermeasures. this proposal considers the problem of accurate rocket body locating using plume infrared emission. infrared (ir) vacuum core radiation… More

HYDROGEN LASER MONITORING SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
N/a

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR INTRACAVITY DIODE-LASER ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER (MIDAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
N/a

HYDROGEN LASER MONITORING SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$483,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
There is a need to provide an accurate detector for hydrogen(h2) gas to monitor for flammability conditions in the check-out and launching of space vechicles. by using raman scattering of a hene laser beam h2 concentration may be accurately measured. the intensity of the raman signal is directly… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MOLECULAR INTRACAVITY DIODE-LASER ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER (MIDAS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$485,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
There is a need for chemical vapor monitors that are very sensitive and selective. optical techniques are well suitedfor this problem, because they offer selectivity, sensitivity, rapid response, and can be used in extreme temperature and pressure environments. however, it is difficult to combine… More

SURFACE ORGANIC CONTAMINATION SENSOR (SOCS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Steven m adler-golden
Abstract:
A non-contact instrument that can determine the quantity of organic contamination on metal surfaces is required for use in liquid oxygen systems. even traces of organic materials in contact with liquid oxygen can lead to spontaneous combustion. the instrument must be able to monitor surfaces as… More

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SOLVENT ABSORPTION FIBER OPTIC EXPLO- SIVE RANGE SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr michael e gersh
Abstract:
Solvent evaporation in industrial drying chambers is an energy intensive process that currently utilizes energy in a very inefficient manner. this is due to the fact that these dryers typically operate at solvent vapor concentrations on the order of 7% of the lower explosive limit (lel) in order to… More

GALLIUM ARSENIDE LASER LOCKED SPECTROSCOPY (GALLS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,000.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
N/a

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FIBER OPTIC LASER ABSORPTION WATER SEN-SOR.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Michael E Gersh
Abstract:
N/a

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A FIBER OPTIC LASER ABSORPTION WATER SEN-SOR.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,983.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Michael E Gersh
Abstract:
Industrial drying operations are major users of energy, representing approximately 4 to 6% of total energy use by u.s. industry (or approximately 1.2 to 1.8 quads per year). significant fractions of this drying energy are used by industries which are capable of employing sophisticated control… More

GALLIUM ARSENIDE LASER LOCKED SPECTROSCOPY (GALLS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$226,804.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
The principle of operation of a new family of chemical sensors based upon absorption of near infrared laser diode radiation will be investigated. these will provide species selective quantification over a large dynamic range. use ofexisting semiconductor laser and fiber optic technology willresult… More

RV OPTICAL SIGNATURE PROGRAM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,911.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert Sundberg
Abstract:
N/a

CONDUCTING ORGANIC POLYMER ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR (COPES)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mitchell Zakin
Abstract:
N/a

TRACE ATMOSPHERIC CARBON MONOXIDE SENSOR (TACOS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence S Bernstein
Abstract:
N/a

TRACE ATMOSPHERIC CARBON MONOXIDE SENSOR (TACOS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$487,300.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence S Bernstein
Abstract:
Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless, toxic gas found in closed environments, such as the space station and long duration manned spacecraft. we propose to build a real timetrace atmospheric co sensor (tacos) with a sensitivity to less than 10 ppm. the major objectives of phase i are to… More

RV OPTICAL SIGNATURE PROGRAM

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$221,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr Robert Sundberg
Abstract:
This project addresses the need for an improved model of the body-wake-plume optical signature of a reentry vehicle (rv). the overall objective of phase i is to demonstrate the feasibility of adapting existing models of the rv body surface temperature, body optical signature and nlte radiative… More

THE QUICK IMAGE DISPLAY (QUID) MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,948.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger
Abstract:
We propose to deliver a quick image display model for infrared targets. the proposed model will make full utilization of the available hardware on the iris graphics workstation. it will be designed so that its procedures will be directly applicable to the hardware utilized by the six degrees of… More

A STRATEGY COMBINING REGIONALLY ADAPTED PROCESSES (SCRAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,685.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Mehtab M Pervaiz
Abstract:
A strategy combining regionally adapted proceesses (scrap) is proposed for simulating transonic or supersonic flow over physically and geometrically complex finned missile configurations. flow fields often include subdomains dominated by different physical processes. a technique is proposed in which… More

INFRARED BACKGROUND/CLUTTER/TARGET SIGNATURE MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,966.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Alexander Berk
Abstract:
This proposal respons to the need for a pc-based scene generator code with sufficient accuracy for prediction of field instrumentation performance. the starting point for the phase i effort is the irving model, a multi-faceted target and background ir imaging code developed by the naval weapons… More

CONDUCTING ORGANIC POLYMER ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR (COPES)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$471,100.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mitchell Zakin
Abstract:
A sensing device is required for the detection of toxic hyperbolic propellant (hydrazine, monomethyl hydrazine, ammonia, and nitrogen tetroxide) on the surface of astronautspacesuits and equipment in vacuum. spectral sciences, inc.proposes to develop a toxic vapor detector based on reagent-induced… More

THE QUICK IMAGE DISPLAY (QUID) MODEL

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,948.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to deliver a quick image display model for infrared targets. the proposed model will make full utilization of the available hardware on the iris graphics workstation. it will be designed so that its procedures will be directly applicable to the hardware utilized by the six degrees of… More

RAMAN HYDROGEN SENSOR (RHS) FOR PROCESS AIR DUCTING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-golden , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

A DIODE-LASER ABSORPTION REMOTE CONCENTRATION SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Neil Goldstein , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
N/a

A DIODE-LASER ABSORPTION REMOTE CONCENTRATION SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,812.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Neil Goldstein , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The diode-laser absorption remote concentration sensor (darcs) would have numerous applications for monitoring atmospheric composition in the first kilometer above the earth. it could be used to quantify concentrations of many atmospheric species, including important minor constituents such as water… More

RAMAN HYDROGEN SENSOR (RHS) FOR PROCESS AIR DUCTING

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$496,882.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-golden , Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A highly responsive gaseous hydrogen sensor is required for operation in process air ducting at aedc, to insure safety in the testing of aircraft engines. fast response, high sensitivity, and the ability to handle wide ranges of sample pressure and temperature are required. spectral sciences, inc.… More

Polymer Radiation Dosimeter (POLYRAD)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Dr Mitchell R Zakin
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the need for a new generation of low-cost self-indicating casualty dosimeter. The application involved is determination of personnel dose exposure during a nuclear conflict. The major specifications for this dosimeter include: (1) a minimum sensitivity range of 50-1500 R, (2)… More

WATER AND TEMPERATURE PROFILES IN THE TURBULENT SURFACE LAYER

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Alexander Berk
Abstract:
This proposal responds to the need for a dynamic model of vertical temperature and water vapor profiles in the turbulent surface layer (tsl). the model will include diurnal effects, recent weather history, and tsl response to short-term changes in incident flux caused by temporary cloud occultation,… More

Cameron Ultraviolet Radiation Contrast Enhancement Sensor (CURCES)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Michael E. Gersh, Phd
Abstract:
Ballistic missile location often relies on rocket plume infrared radiation. However, ultraviolet (UV) radiation detection offers hardware system advantages. CO Cameron UV radiation is attractive for detecting high altitude plumes -- it is intense and is present for both solid and liquid propellent.… More

Fullerenes and Metallofullerenes Via Ultrasound

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$49,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Mitchell R. Zakin
Abstract:
THE FULLERNENES ARE A NEW FORM OF CARBON THAT POSSESS MANY UNUSUAL PROPERTIES. THE MOST ABUNDANT FULLERENES, C60 AND C70, SHOW PROMISE FOR MANY TECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS. FULLERENES ENCAPSULATING METAL ATOMS (METALLOFULLERENES) HAVE POTENTIAL AS ADVANCED CATALYSTS AND NANOSTRUCTURAL MATERIALS.… More

Mixing Efficiency Diagnostic Using Spectroscopic Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael Gersh
Abstract:
N/a

Diode-Laser Hydrazine Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mitchell Zakin
Abstract:
N/a

Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor-laser Multigas Analyzer (GASMAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$50,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Neil Boldstein
Abstract:
N/a

Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor-laser Multigas Analyzer (GASMAN)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$166,311.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Neil Boldstein
Abstract:
The need exists for portable instrumentation with the capability of real-time monitoring of human environments for a variety of toxic gases generated by military weapons systems. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to build a Gallium Arsenide Semiconductor-laser Multigas Analyzer (GASMAN) which… More

Mixing Efficiency Diagnostic Using Spectroscopic Analysis

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$487,595.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Michael Gersh
Abstract:
N/a

AN OFF-LINE-LOCKED LASER DIODE SENSOR (OLDS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Jamine Lee
Abstract:
N/a

Development of a Point-and-Shoot Diode Laser Environmental Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,291.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-golder
Abstract:
Diode laser-based gaseous species sensors have recently begun progressing towards commercial applications in environmental monitoring. Current sensors require highly reflective optical elements (i.e. mirrors and/or retroreflectors) to define a fixed, double-ended optical path. Development of a… More

AN OFF-LINE-LOCKED LASER DIODE SENSOR (OLDS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr Jamine Lee
Abstract:
Secondary waste stream monitoring requires realtime/continuous measurements of hazardous gas species. although baseline techniques using gas filter correlation and ion-selective electrodes have been demonstrated for monitoring hydrogen chloride off-gas at a hazardous waste incinerator, none of… More

The Surface Coating Environmental Interaction Code (SCENIC)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,863.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to develop the SCENIC model. The SCENIC model will be able to quickly determine the tradeoffs which various material coatings offer in terms of environmental reflectance signature components. A key element is a factorized model for narrow band spectral and… More

Adaptation of the Environmentally Oriented Systems Atmospheric Effects Library (EOSAEL) to the Microsoft Windows Environment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
David Robertson
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to adapt the Environmentally Oriented Systems Atmospheric Effects Library (EOSAEL) to the Microsoft Windows Environment. The Windows EOSAEL (WinEOSAEL) package will reside on and execute from a CD-ROM running under Windows on an Intel 486-based microcomputer… More

Compact Laser Absorption Water Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Automated Optical BTU (British Thermal Unit) Sensor for the Natural Gas Industry

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$75,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Neil Goldstien , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
41155 November 20, 1996 Spectral Sciences, Inc. A key requirement for efficient distribution of natural gas is automated real-time monitoring of its BTU (i.e. caloric) content and composition. This project will develop a spectrometer based on… More

Diode Laser In-Situ Fiber-Optic Real-Time Combustion Exhaust Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
N/a

HYDRAZINE CALORIMETRIC LEAK SENSOR

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
William Dimpfl , Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Diode Laser In-Situ Fiber-Optic Real-Time Combustion Exhaust Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$747,564.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein
Abstract:
Real-time in-situ monitoring of trace combustion species from rocket and aircraft engines is desirable because it provides a direct measure of the combustion process, the operating efficiency, and the release of pollutants into the environment. Of particular interest are CO, NO, and CH4, which are… More

Launch Pad Fuel/Oxidizer Monitoring System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Mitchell R. Zakin , PRINCIPAL SCIENTIST
Abstract:
N/a

A Correlated-k Plume Radiative Transfer Code

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Steven Adler-golden
Abstract:
Accurate modeling of radiation from rocket plumes is critical for remote sensing simulations and assessing vehicle base heating. Current computer models use approximate radiative transfer and computational methods that were developed 20-30 years ago. A unified, general, and accurate approach for… More

A Phenomenological Approach for IR Hyperspectral Sub-pixel Detection and classification

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Hohn Gruninger
Abstract:
N/a

Optimization of Hyperspectral Target Identification Alorightms via Atmospheric Effects Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden
Abstract:
N/a

The Computation of Nonthermal Chemical Rates for Highly Energetic Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$65,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein
Abstract:
N/a

EFFICIENT GENERATION OF OPTIMAL MULTIBEAM IMRT PLANS

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
HHS
Principal Investigator:
Robert Y. Levine
Abstract:
Not Available Modern US Navy aircraft as well as older aircraft currently being updated to today's avionic standards, contain avionics and ordinance equipment that require regulation of the 28VDC system. The V-22 platform utilizes three regulated AC/DC converters (CVs) to provide regulated DC power… More

A 3D Radiative-Transfer Hyperspectral Image Simulator for Algorithm Validation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence S. Bernstein, Vice President
Abstract:
N/a

Fast Analysis of Ultraspectral Measurements of Chmeical Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Not Available Eikos L.L.C. will use single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT) in a highly abrasion resistant matrix as a novel transparent electrostatic dissipation coating (ESD) for aircraft canopies. This technology will provide environmentally stable ESD monolayer coating while protecting the surface… More

Optimization of Hyperspectral Target Identification Alorightms via Atmospheric Effects Simulations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Marsha J. Fox, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NGA
Principal Investigator:
Alexander Berk, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Alexander Berk, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$70,000.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,300.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
James Cho, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence S. Bernstein, Vice President
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,316.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence S. Bernstein, Vice President
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Marsha J. Fox, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$750,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Marsha J. Fox, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
N/a

Compact Polarization Imaging System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$498,813.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NGA
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
During Phase II, Spectral Sciences Inc., proposes to develop innovative software tools for timely and highly specific characterization of the world littoral zones using data from new satellite-based hyperspectral imaging systems. SS Phase II objectivesinclude (1) develop a software package… More

Crop Stress Algorithm Using Hyper/Multispectral Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Levine, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
To support the development of technologies and analysis tools for scientific and commercial applications of remote sensing, Spectral Sciences Inc. proposes a new approach for improved measurement of plant water stress using hyperspectral or multispectral remote thermal infrared (TIR) spectral… More

Hyperspectral Scene Simulation in the Ultraviolet Through Longwave Infrared

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Richtsmeier, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Efficient design of remote sensors, including both the optics and data processing algorithms, depends critically on the availability of well characterized data spanning the operational space of interest. It is not practical to span this space with fielddata alone and requires extensive use of scene… More

Ship Mission Readiness Measurement System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,850.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
David Robertson, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This proposal explores the utility of space-based thermal infrared (TIR) multispectral imagery (MSI) for detecting, monitoring and identifying ships in the littoral zone. MSI provides a remote, passive, and day/night capabilities, it can penetrate fogand haze, and it can detect subtle ship thermal… More

Development of a Passive Infrared Remote Effluent Sensor for Air Toxic Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jamine Lee, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences Inc. proposes to design and develop the Passive Infrared Remote Effluent Sensor, (PIRES), for the purpose of monitoring toxic chemical air pollutants in a plume released during open burn/open detonation (OB/OD) events at Edwards AFB. Thesystem will be portable and operate from a… More

Chemical Flow Modeling for Enhanced Analysis of Contamination Experiments

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Braunstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Underlying the many models for simulating space contamination effects are the rates for fundamental chemical processes. The rates are generally not known and are difficult to measure, but are critical for meaningful simulations. Molecular Beam Experiments (MBE), which are typically used to determine… More

Chemical Flow Modeling for Enhanced Analysis of Contamination Experiments

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$593,594.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr. 1. Braunstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Underlying the many models for simulating space contamination effects are the rates for fundamental chemical processes. The rates are generally not known and are difficult to measure, but are critical for meaningful simulations. Molecular Beam Experiments (MBE), which are typically used to determine… More

Short-wave/Infrared Imagery Fusion Using a Physics-based Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the enhanced utilization of space-based Thermal IR (TIR) imagery, a powerful remote sensing method that can operate in nighttime, fog, and haze conditions and can detect subtle thermal signatures. Currently, ambiguities inseparating temperature, emissivity and atmospheric… More

Short-wave/Infrared Imagery Fusion Using a Physics-based Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$735,119.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the enhanced utilization of space-based Thermal IR (TIR) imagery, a powerful remote sensing method that can operate in nighttime, fog, and haze conditions and can detect subtle thermal signatures. Currently, ambiguities inseparating temperature, emissivity and atmospheric… More

Minimally-Intrusive Real-Time Temperature and Composition Sensor for Combustor Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$0.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
An innovative, minimally intrusive temperature and composition sensor concept, proven in Phase I, will be developed into a prototype and tested in a high-pressure combustor in Phase II. The sensor, designed to monitor the hot gas stream at the turbineinlet in advanced, high performance turbine… More

Minimally-Intrusive Real-Time Temperature and Composition Sensor for Combustor Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,793.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
An innovative, minimally intrusive temperature and composition sensor concept, proven in Phase I, will be developed into a prototype and tested in a high-pressure combustor in Phase II. The sensor, designed to monitor the hot gas stream at the turbineinlet in advanced, high performance turbine… More

Hyperspectral Scene Simulation in the Ultraviolet through Longwave Infrared

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$747,154.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Efficient design of remote spectral imaging sensors, including the optics and data processing algorithms, depends critically on the availability of well-characterized data that span the full operational space of the sensor. As it is not practical to spanthis space with field data alone,… More

3D Lidar Simulation Model for Development and Validation of Biological and Chemical Agent Detection and Identification Algorithms

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Steven Richtsmeier, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Not Available "There is a diversity of active and passive sensors and associated processing algorithms proposed and under development for remote detection of chemical and biological agents. It would be highly beneficial to have a consistent and accurate means forcomparing, evaluating, and projecting… More

Missile Intercept Debris Cloud Signature Toolkit

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,992.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
"A successful intercept of a high-altitude missile (>100km) by a kinetic energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and observable signatures occurring over a very wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The resultant debriscloud signatures contain highly desirable… More

Computation of Highly Excited Molecular Spectra

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,936.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Hoang Dothe, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
"Radiation-transport (RT) codes constitute the core component of the target, plume, background, and atmospheric signature models utilized by BMDO and virtually every other government agency and commercial company involved in developing optically-basedweapons, surveillance, and remote sensing… More

HSI and MSI Atmospheric Correction Using Neural Networks

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,979.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Y. Levine, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
"Developing real-time, unsupervised, on-board data processing algorithms for emerging remote sensing technologies is a key step towards overcoming bottlenecks in both ground-based processing and transmission capability to a ground receiving station. Animportant initial processing step is the… More

The Adaptive Spectral and Abundance Processing (ASAP) Algorithm

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,974.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
"This proposal addresses the urgent need for near real-time algorithms for detection, identification and tracking of objects in highly structured environments. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to develop an innovative new algorithm for improvedclutter mitigation and target detection for… More

Atmospheric Correction of Remote Imagery Using Ground-based Radiometers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,998.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stev Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Spectral Sciences, Inc. project addresses the development of data analysis software tools for ground-based radiometers to facilitate improved atmospheric correction of remotely sensed hyperspectral and multispectral imagery (HSI and MSI) of the coastal zone. The atmospheric variables needed for… More

Primary Endmember Analysis for Compression of Hypercubes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Dr Marsha J. Fox, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This proposal addresses NASA?s need for methods to organize observed data for storage or processing using intelligent, goal-directed data compression. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop an innovative, low loss data compression algorithm that provides significant data compression on many… More

Atmospheric Correction of Remote Imagery Using Ground-based Radiometers

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,985.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Stev Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This Spectral Sciences, Inc. project addresses the development of data analysis software tools for ground-based radiometers to facilitate improved atmospheric correction of remotely sensed hyperspectral and multispectral imagery (HSI and MSI) of the coastal zone. The atmospheric variables needed for… More

A Passive Optical Carbon-Monoxide, Combustion Exhaust, and Temperature Sensor (Poccets) for Turbine Engine Gas Paths

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,986.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
An innovative gas path sensor technology is proposed for use in active control of gas turbine engines. Passive optical probes and a readout devices are used to make spatially resolved measurements of the key parameters for monitoring state of combustion:temperature, CO concentration, H2O… More

Field and Modeling Test Bed for Plume Detection through Sunlit Clouds

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Steven Richtsmeier, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Early Launch Detection and Tracking (ELDT) is emerging as a key component of US ballistic missile defense strategy. The complications of sunlit cloud cover and long slant path viewing make the problem extremely challenging and have thus far hindered thevalidation of proposed approaches. Spectral… More

High-Fidelity Simulation of Missile Laser/Plume Radiation Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Marsha J. Fox, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Lasers are being considered for several functions in boost-phase missile defense systems, including interceptor to ground communication, and detection of the missile hardbody. Exhaust plumes can attenuate and scatter laser light, interfering with thefunction of the laser systems. Spectral… More

The Missile Operational Signatures Toolkit

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Rosemary Kennett, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc., in collaboration with Lockheed Martin Missiles and Space, proposes to develop the Missile Operational Signatures Toolkit, dubbed MOST, to address post-boost phenomena for high altitude (above 80 km) missile systems. MOST will becapable of treating a wide variety of… More

A Passive Optical Carbon-Monoxide, Combustion Exhaust, and Temperature Sensor (POCCETS) for Turbine Engine Gas Paths

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,985.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
In-situ measurements of CO and temperature are required to monitor and control completeness of combustion in modern turbine engines. We propose the Phase II development of an innovative gas path sensor technology for spatially resolved measurements of the key combustion parameters: temperature, CO… More

High-Fidelity Simulation of Missile Laser/Plume Radiation Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,958.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Marsha Fox, Vice President
Abstract:
Lasers are being considered for several functions in boost-phase missile defense systems, including interceptor to ground communication, and detection of missile hardbodies. Exhaust plumes can attenuate and scatter laser light, interfering with the function of the laser systems. Spectral Sciences,… More

The Missile Operational Signatures Toolkit

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Rosemary Kennett, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to fully develop and apply the Missile Operational Signatures Toolkit (MOST) modeling tool successfully demonstrated in Phase I, resulting in a substantial upgrade of modeling capabilities for transient events above 90 km. The diversity and complexity of these… More

Adaptive Spectral Imager for the Next Generation EKV

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,982.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Multispectral (ten or more spectral bands) imagers are required to assist in the mid-course discrimination function of the Exo-atmospheric Kill Vehicle (EKV) by providing infrared spectral signatures and temperature measurements of objects within the threat cloud. Spectral Sciences Incorporated… More

Atmospheric Correction for Long Slant Path Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,950.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Earth-observing Hyper- and Multispectral Imaging (HSI/MSI) in the Vis/SWIR provides detailed spectral signatures of natural terrain and man-made objects. However, the present inability to accurately correct for atmospheric effects in long slant paths seriously degrades target detection and… More

kURT, k-distribution based Ultra-fast Radiation Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,892.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Design of electro-optical sensors for military and commercial use increasingly relies on scenario simulation models. It is critical these models yield accurate transmittances and at-sensor radiances, and be extremely computationally fast to allow robust sampling of the multi-dimensional design… More

kURT, k-distribution based Ultra-fast Radiation Transport

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,983.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The design of electro-optical sensors increasingly relies on simulation models to predict performance in a wide variety of scenarios. The purpose of this SBIR program, dubbed kURT (k-distribution based Ultra-fast Radiative Transfer), is to develop very fast and accurate radiative transfer (RT)… More

Iterative Tomographic Algorithm for Laser Radar Imaging of Unmanned-Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,914.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
As unmanned-aerial vehicles (UAVs) become more prevalent, they represent a unique threat to deployed ground forces overseas and population centers in the US. The development of a robust imaging and surveillance capability targeting these aircraft is critical. A new tomographic reconstruction… More

Iterative Tomographic Algorithm for Laser Radar Imaging of Unmanned-Aerial Vehicles

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,894.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Unmanned-Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) present a unique threat to deployed ground forces overseas and civilian population centers in the US. Phase II will continue the development of a ladar-based imaging and surveillance system for perimeter defense against UAVs. In the successful Phase I, a… More

A Ladar Signature Capability for Transient Missile Events for FLITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,933.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Leonid Muratov, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
The design of missile defense systems is challenging because of the complex, often transient, 3D, and very wide range of phenomena exhibited by missile systems. The diverse defense system requirements, such as detection, tracking, hard body location, discrimination against countermeasures, and… More

Computation of Highly Excited Molecular Spectra

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,912.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Hoang Dothe, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Radiation-transport (RT) codes constitute the core component of the target, plume, background, and atmospheric signature models utilized by MDA and virtually every other government agency and commercial company involved in developing optically-based weapons, surveillance, and remote sensing systems.… More

Field and Modeling Test Bed for Plume Detection through Sunlit Clouds

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,954.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Early Launch Detection and Tracking (ELDT) is emerging as a key component of US ballistic missile defense strategy. The complications of sunlit cloud cover and long slant path viewing make the problem extremely challenging and have thus far hindered the validation of proposed approaches. Spectral… More

Adaptive Spectral Imager for the Next Generation EKV

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,996.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The optical sensor aboard the Exo-atmospheric Kill Vehicle (EKV) needs to generate multispectral long-wave infrared (LWIR) images in order to distinguish the re-entrant vehicle from decoys within the threat cloud and the interfering scene clutter. The spectral signatures collected contain… More

Atmospheric Correction for Long Slant Path Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$741,473.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
This proposal by Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) addresses the need for innovative, automated, and fast software for accurate atmospheric correction of hyperspectral and multispectral imagery in highly off-nadir, long slant path (long standoff distance) remote sensing. In Phase I we assembled long… More

A Ladar Signature Capability for Transient Missile Events for FLITES

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,859.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Leon Muratov, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Engagement simulation models provide an indispensable tool for the design of sophisticated missile defense systems. This requires treating real-time motions and the complex scattering physics of active laser interactions with plume and debris fields from hardbody/plume transient events. Spectral… More

FASPEC-Fast Adaptive Spectrometer Programmable for the Evaluation of Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$119,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Emerging scramjet technology has enormous potential for the development of small hypersonic aircraft and spacecraft, with numerous military and civilian applications. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop a novel, high-speed, adaptive spectral imaging sensor for use as a research and… More

Rapid Multiple-Scattering Radiative Transfer Algorithm for Target Acquisition Weapons Software

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Scene simulations are increasingly used for electro-optical sensor design, performance evaluation, and data analysis over a wide range of environment and engagement conditions. For Army ground-to-ground scenarios, Target Acquisition Weapons Software (TAWS) is used to determine target-to-background… More

Stressing Atmospheric Clutter Radiance Models

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,984.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The atmosphere adversely impacts infrared target detection systems. In particular, atmospheric absorption reduces the intensity of detected target signatures, bright atmospheric backgrounds reduce target/background contrast, temporal and spatial atmospheric structures confuse target detection… More

Full-spectrum Integrated Reaction Evaluation and Synthesis (FIRES)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,967.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
MONTANA STATE UNIV.
RI Contact:
Timothy Minton
Abstract:
Highly energetic chemical processes play a central role in many military and commercial applications. For example, spectral emissions from missile plumes, arising from high-velocity chemical interactions of exhaust gases with the atmosphere, are used to detect, track, and identify threat targets.… More

All Altitude Atmospheric RT Algorithm for Scene Generation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Hoang Dothe, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Radiation-transport (RT) codes constitute the core component of the many target, plume, background, and atmospheric signature models utilized not only by the Missile Defense Agency but also by virtually every other government agency and commercial company involved in developing optically-based… More

Title: Chemical/Biological Agent Standoff Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-cvijin, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes an innovative standoff detection system to enable military personal to detect the presence of chemicals agents and other hazardous materials from large (multiple kilometer) distances. The proposed system combines a revolutionary adaptive spectrometer concept with… More

Computational Chemistry Applications to LOW Altitude Plume Signature Modeling

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,959.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The remote detection of infrared emissions from the hot plumes of boosting missiles is a core component of our missile defense system. Inherent in the detection and interpretation of these emissions is an accurate and detailed understanding of rocket plume phenomenology. We are proposing to… More

Infrared Derivative Spectroscopy for Open Path Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
BOSTON UNIVERSLITY
RI Contact:
Shyamsunder Erramilli
Abstract:
There is a long-standing military, homeland security and industry need for compact, portable sensors to remotely detect, identify and quantify chemical and biological warfare agents and other hazardous species at significant standoff ranges. Current LWIR Fourier transform spectrometers are… More

Multi-scale Atmospheric Prediction System for Radiance Clutter (MAPS-C)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,992.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Peter Rochford, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Atmospheric radiance clutter is a significant impediment to remotely-sensed target identification and surveillance. Clutter events arise from atmospheric phenomena occurring over wide vertical and horizontal scales. These include polar mesospheric clouds, aurora, stratospheric warming, thermal… More

Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
ENVIRONMENTAL MOLECULAR SCIENCES
RI Contact:
Gary D. Black
Abstract:
A core component of aerospace manufacturing is based on cutting-edge materials used in extreme environments. Chemical kinetics models are vital for interpreting experimental measurements and predicting the behavior of these complex systems. For many applications, the reaction rates for all… More

The Maneuvers and Signatures of Interacting Vehicles Toolkit (MASIV)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,968.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
As one of the key developers of SOCRATES-P, Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to extend the SOCRATES-P DSMC flow, chemistry, and radiation solver with a dynamics package, the Maneuvers and Signatures of Interacting Vehicles Toolkit (MASIV). The Toolkit will enable high-fidelity calculation of… More

FASPEC-Fast Adaptive Spectrometer Programmable for the Evaluation of Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$730,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Emerging scramjet technology has enormous potential for the development of small hypersonic aircraft and spacecraft, with numerous military and civilian applications. Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes to develop a novel, high-speed, adaptive spectral imaging sensor for use as a research and… More

Rapid Multiple-Scattering Radiative Transfer Algorithm for Target Acquisition Weapons Software

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,955.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Scene simulations are increasingly used for electro-optical sensor design, performance evaluation, and data analysis over a wide range of environment and engagement conditions. For Army ground-to-ground scenarios, Target Acquisition Weapons Software (TAWS) is used to determine target-to-background… More

Stressing Atmospheric Clutter Radiance Models

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
There is a critical, ongoing requirement for models and codes to accurately simulate atmospheric infrared (IR) backgrounds in order to analyze and predict the performance of surveillance, reconnaissance, and weapons guidance systems. The atmosphere adversely impacts infrared target detection… More

All Altitude Atmospheric RT Algorithm for Scene Generation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$599,946.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Raphael Panfili, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
MDA has an urgent need for rapid and accurate scene generation codes. The current highly accurate state-of-the-art (SAMM2) is limited in two ways: (1) it is designed to compute a single line-of-sight as opposed to scenes and (2) its core numerical algorithm is geared toward reproducing the exact… More

Title: Chemical/Biological Agent Standoff Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$353,250.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes an innovative standoff detection system for remote detection and mapping of chemicals agents and other hazardous materials. The Adaptive Multiplex Spectrometer (AMS) is a general-purpose passive infrared sensor whose characteristics can be set on-the-fly in… More

Hyperspectral/Multispectral imaging for transient events

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Marsha Fox, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
There is a long-standing need for the development of fast single-frame spectral imaging instrumentation, also known as a "snapshot" or "flash" spectral imager, to study fast transient phenomena where retrieval of 3-dimensional hyperspectral data cubes provides crucial information. Spectral… More

Applying Novel Computational Chemistry Methods to Plume Signature Modeling of Low Thrust Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,989.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Understanding and modeling low thrust systems requires a fundamental understanding of the underlying physics and chemistry, which is not well known. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to develop and apply novel computational chemistry methods to quantify the key chemical processes giving rise… More

A Novel Method for Fast Rendering of Missile Plume Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence Bernstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Missile exhaust plume emission is the key observable for many of our missile defense sensor systems. High-fidelity plume signature models play a key role in the analysis and simulation of threat missile systems but they are too slow for applications requiring near real-time plume image generation. … More

Fast Automatic Targeting Algorithms for Hyperspectral Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,978.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
"Smart" and precision-guided Army weapons systems are being developed that use infrared (IR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensors for target detection and classification. Both the long-wavelength IR and mid-wavelength IR regions provide day/night, all-weather capabilities and discrimination based on… More

Model-based Automated Target ID and Pose Estimation from SAR Data

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Automatic Target Recognition (ATR) and the determination of target intent from airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) depends on highly accurate pose determination. In this proposal prior knowledge, in the form of 3D target models, is applied to achieve `super resolution'; namely a resolution… More

The Maneuvers and Signatures of Interacting Vehicles Toolkit (MASIV)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI), one of the key developers of SOCRATES-P, a DSMC flow, chemistry, and radiation signature code, proposes to extend the capability of SOCRATES-P to include transient plume-hard body interactions. The product will be the Maneuvers And Signatures of Interacting Vehicles… More

Detection of Vehicle Type and Buried IED's Through Remote Sensing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Alexander Berk, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Infrared (IR) imagery has considerable potential for identification of buried improvised explosive devices and tracks from military vehicles. A strong correlation exists between the IR spectra of soil and vegetation, their physical state, and how they are disturbed. Wavelength regions of interest… More

SBIR Phase I: Control and Optimization of Combustion Based on Multispectral Emission Tomography

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,987.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project investigates a novel approach for directly measuring critical combustion flow-field information required for active control to increase combustion efficiency and reduce harmful emissions. The critical innovation in this proposal is the… More

A Hyperspectral Architecture for Fast Anomaly Recognition

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Hyperspectral and multispectral imaging sensors have enormous potential for military reconnaissance, surveillance and targeting missions. However, rapid detection of spectral, spatial, and/or temporal anomalies, which represent potential targets, is not possible with current sensor designs and… More

High Fidelity CT Imaging of High-Z Materials for Rocket Motor Aging Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,959.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Propellant aging in solid rocket motors can result in various defects such as micro-cracks, fissuring, and abnormal density variations. These defects can lead to abnormal burn rates and unsafe operations of the motor. Nondestructive inspection of solid rocket motors is critical in monitoring aging… More

RICOCHET: Rapid Imaging and Characterization of Space Object Components by Hyperspectral Extraction and Typing.

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,934.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Hyperspectral and multispectral imaging sensors have enormous potential for space-based characterization and identification of resident space objects (RSOs). Ideally, a spectral sensor will be able to characterize both LEO and deep-space geosynchronous-earth-orbit (GEO) and higher altitude RSOs. The… More

Pattern Factor Control Based on Fuel Modulation and Passive Optical Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jamine Lee, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The proposed research addresses the design and testing of a flight-worthy combustion pattern factor control system, suitable for integration into legacy aircraft. Operating point control would be achieved using fuel modulation, passive optical sensors, and the FADEC to identify aberrant fuel… More

A Unified Approach to Intercept Signature Prediction and Kill Assessment Based on High-fidelity Physics Models

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A successful intercept of a missile by a kinetic energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and associated observable signatures that occur over a very wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The signatures contain highly desirable information on the lethality of the… More

Fast Passive Optical Sensors for Measurement of Augmentor Combustion Dynamics

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
We propose to develop and optimize a novel system of fast passive optical sensors for in situ monitoring of combustion dynamics in a thrust augmentor system. Passive optical probes inserted into the combustor will provide multiple views of the flow field. A novel high-speed readout will provide… More

Theoretical Estimation of New Propellant Ingredient Heats of Condensation

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A critical concern in the manufacture of rocket engines is the development of new propellants to increase performance. A fundamental measure of rocket engine performance is the specific impulse, which is the force delivered per weight of propellant consumed. Due to the potentially high cost of… More

Spectral Power Estimation and Characterization of Unresolved Resident Space Objects

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Timothy Perkins, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Part of the Air Force space situational awareness mission includes the characterization, identification and real-time tracking of man-made resident space objects (RSO) orbiting the earth. Even with space-based observation, geostationary satellites will be dim and unresolved against a cluttered star… More

A Physics-based Fusion Approach for Color Night Vision

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,991.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xuemin Jin, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Night vision enhancement systems, such as night vision goggles and in-vehicle displays, have been used extensively in the military since the 1960's. Most common night vision systems use single-band sensors that are sensitive to either emitted infrared (IR) radiation or reflected light, and thus… More

Model-based Automated Target ID and Pose Estimation from SAR and ISAR Data

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Automatic Target Recognition and intent determination from airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) or Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) imaging requires highly accurate pose determination. Prior knowledge in the form of radar signatures of 3D target models that accurately capture locations of… More

High-Fidelity Kinetics and Radiation Transport for NLTE Hypersonic Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,996.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Fritz G. Bien, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The modeling of NLTE hypersonic flows combines several disciplines: chemistry, kinetics, radiation transport, fluid mechanics, and surface science. No single code or model has been able to capture, with high fidelity, all the complex effects that come into play, especially at higher velocities.… More

Fast Automatic Targeting Algorithms for Hyperspectral Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$729,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Smart and precision-guided Army weapons systems are being developed that use long- and mid-wave-infrared (LWIR and MWIR) hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensors for target detection and classification. New high-performance algorithms are needed to process the image signals rapidly enough for weapons… More

Pattern Factor Control Based on Fuel Modulation and Passive Optical Sensors

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,982.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jamine Lee, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
The proposed research addresses the need for flight-worthy combustion pattern factor control suitable for integration into new and legacy aircraft. The proposed system achieves operating-point control using fuel modulation, passive optical sensors and the full authority digital engine control… More

Radiance Simulation Toolkit for Resident Space Objects

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,923.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
As the number and variety of Resident Space Objects (RSOs) including satellites, space vehicles and debris, rapidly increases, it is important that the United States maintain accurate surveillance to obtain current intelligence regarding the identity of these objects, their functionality and… More

Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$500,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
ENVIRONMENTAL MOLECULAR SCIENCES
RI Contact:
Gary D. Black
Abstract:
A core component of aerospace manufacturing is based on cutting-edge materials used in extreme environments. Chemical kinetics models are vital for interpreting experimental measurements and predicting the behavior of these complex systems. For many applications, the reaction rates for all… More

Missile Intercept Debris Cloud Signature Toolkit

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,995.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
A successful high-altitude (>100km) missile intercept by a kinetic-energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and observable signatures occurring over a wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The resultant debris cloud signatures contain highly desirable information on… More

Applying Novel Computational Chemistry Methods to Plume Signature Modeling of Low Thrust Propulsion Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,992.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Understanding and modeling low thrust systems requires a fundamental understanding of the underlying physics and chemistry, which is not well known. Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) proposes to rectify this critical deficiency by developing end-to-end models based on engine measurements of the… More

SBIR Phase II: Control and Optimization of Combustion Based on Multispectral Emission Tomography

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,201.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project investigates a novel approach for directly measuring critical combustion flow-field information required for active control to increase combustion efficiency and reduce harmful emissions. Combustion control systems can be based on… More

UV-IR Robust, Accurate Earthshine and Skyshine (RAES) Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,583.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Target detection, classification and tracking by missile defense sensor systems from post boost phase through mid-course to reentry is affected not only by background contrast but also by the irradiance contributing to the target signature by extended sources including direct and reflected sunshine,… More

Fast Line-of-Sight Illumination Calculations for Urban Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,984.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Model simulations have become increasingly valuable for assessing effectiveness and vulnerability in sensor system development and operations planning. A problem of current and critical interest is the performance of Gen III Night Vision Goggles in the urban environment. The Army's current… More

Dynamic Multicomponent Optical Analyzer for Chemical Weapon (CW) Exposure Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a prototype sensor for real-time trace-level analysis of complex multicomponent gas mixtures, specifically those containing Chemical Weapon (CW) agents and interferents. The instrument is based on high power quantum cascade lasers and photocoustic… More

Forecasts for Adaptive Sensor Tasking in the Infrared (FASTIR)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,476.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Peter Rochford, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Satellite ground imagery from space-based infrared (IR) sensors can be invaluable when monitoring areas of military significance during periods of rapid activity of several hours to days. IR ground imagery is strongly influenced by weather conditions such as cloud cover and water content that can… More

A Physics-based Fusion Approach for Color Night Vision

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$723,232.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xuemin Jin, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Common night vision systems use single-band sensors that are sensitive to either emitted or reflected infrared (IR) radiation, and thus provide a monochromatic image of the inspected scene. Adding color can increase depth, contrast and perception, improving soldiers' reaction time and reducing… More

High Fidelity CT Imaging of High-Z Materials for Rocket Motor Aging Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,992.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Levine, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Propellant aging in solid rocket motors can result in various defects such as micro-cracks, fissuring, and abnormal density variations. These defects can lead to abnormal burn rates and unsafe operations of the motor. Nondestructive inspection of solid rocket motors is critical in monitoring solid… More

Full Spectral Signature Simulation Models for Chemical Releases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Technologies that enable the remote detection, identification, and quantification of trace chemical species in the atmosphere can provide critical information for uncovering activities associated with proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Passive detection techniques use infrared and… More

A Robust Accurate Earthshine Skyshine Reflection Model for Remote Space Objects

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Program Manager
Abstract:
The Air Force space situational awareness mission includes the characterization, identification and real-time tracking of man-made resident space objects (RSO). Classification and tracking is affected not only by background contrast but also by the reflected environment irradiance that contributes… More

UV-IR Robust, Accurate Earthshine and Skyshine (RAES) Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$849,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Target detection, classification and tracking by missile defense sensor systems from post-boost phase through mid-course to reentry is affected not only by background contrast but also by the irradiance on the target contributing to the target signature by extended sources including direct and… More

Wide Area Space Surveillance System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Wide-area space surveillance systems are required to detect and identify space operations and characterize their activities. Both requirements can be met with wide-area, high-dynamic-range sensors, similar to the Solar Mass Ejection Imager, but with performance enhancements for detection of Resident… More

A Novel Method for Fast Rendering of Missile Plume Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Jonathan Grot, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Since infrared radiation from missile exhaust plumes is a key observable for many satellite sensors and interceptor seekers, considerable effort has been expended in developing and validating high-fidelity plume signature codes. However, their utility for systems studies of missile fly-outs is… More

Terahertz Atmospheric Radiance Model (TARM)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,908.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Hoang Dothe, Principal Scienctist
Research Institution:
University of Massachusetts Lowell
RI Contact:
Linda Concino
Abstract:
Interest in imaging applications of Terahertz (THz) radiation in many DoD areas has increased lately with recent advances in electronic and electro-optical THz sources, as well as progress in receiver and system technology. The accurate description of atmospheric attenuation effects on THz radiation… More

A Microwave Spectral Emission Model for Rocket Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,943.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frederick Hawes, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Early detection of threat missile launches is key for missile defense strategy. However, detecting surface launches using space-based sensors under all illumination (day/night) and weather (clear/cloudy) conditions is extremely challenging. While rarely considered for this problem, the microwave… More

Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants for Condensed Phases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
Environmental Molecular Sciences
RI Contact:
Gary D. Black
Abstract:
A core component of aerospace manufacturing is based on cutting-edge technological applications of material design. Chemical kinetics models are vital for interpreting experimental measurements and predicting the behavior of these complex systems. Modern computational chemistry software programs are… More

Structured Emission Thermometry Sensor for Burner Control

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Industrial processes such as glass production burn huge quantities of natural gas. Burner settings are often set with large error margins to avoid producing pollution. Often, burners are set ¿by eye,¿ with feedback provided from one global stack-gas sensor. Because multiple burners are… More

Next Generation Terrain and Cloud Background Models for System Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,991.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Atmospheric effects, especially the impact of clouds, play a major role in remote sensing applications, and in particular, the design of defense and surveillance systems. Of special importance, is the effects of clouds and terrain on ballistic missile launch detection and tracking. The detection of… More

Propulsion Kinetics for Alternate Wavelength Signatures (PAWS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,993.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Several BMDS sensor concepts are considering passive exploitation of signature features outside the 2.0-5.0 micron range. However, current signature models are focused primarily on this relatively narrow band in the infrared. We propose to develop a set of software modules called PAWS (Propulsion… More

Ultra High-Speed Spectroradiometry for Contamination Reconnaissance and Surveillance

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
Brian Gregor, Senior Scientist
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. proposes an innovative ultrafast spectroradiometer for transient thermal event detection at surfaces in order to provide contamination avoidance and mitigation. The proposed system combines an adaptive, software programmable spectral filter with advanced signal processing… More

Applications of FLITES-LADAR to Boost Phase Intercept Scenarios

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Leon Muratov, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Physics-based models of laser interactions with boosting missiles at long ranges are needed in support of ABL Special Projects Office selection of an optimal ladar system and future simulation of the weapon system. It is highly desirable that ABL programs base their design evaluations on a common,… More

Full Spectral Signature Simulation Models for Chemical Releases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,931.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Technologies enabling remote detection, identification, and quantification of trace chemical species in the atmosphere can provide critical information for uncovering activities associated with proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). A key requirement for efficient development of… More

A Rugged and Miniaturized Optical Coagulation Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$69,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Brian Gregor, Senior Scientist
Research Institution:
Boston University
RI Contact:
Rama Bansil
Abstract:
A team consisting of Spectral Sciences Inc., Boston University, Boston University Medical School, Radcliffe Consulting and Brighton Consulting will collaborate to develop and validate a novel optical device for the monitoring and evaluation of blood coagulation. In this proposal we describe a novel… More

Innovative Approaches to Scalable and Multi-reference Coupled Cluster Methods

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
Iowa State University
RI Contact:
Mark Gordon
Abstract:
Increased computational speed and improved numerical algorithms have made computational chemistry an important tool in the development of new chemical compounds and processes. In particular, single-reference coupled cluster (CC) methods, such as CCSD(T), provide an excellent compromise between speed… More

Full-Response TDDFT on Graphical Processing Units for Modeling Optical Response in Materials

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jason Quennenville, Principal Investigator
Research Institution:
Stanford University
RI Contact:
Todd J. Martinez
Abstract:
Limited computational resources remain a serious obstacle to the application of quantum chemistry in problems of widespread importance, such as the design of new catalysts for use in fuel cells, or for modeling of material and optical properties of liquids and solids. Researchers have a considerable… More

BRDF Analysis of LADAR-based Target Surface Characterization

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xuemin Jin, Principal Scientist
Research Institution:
University of California Irvine
RI Contact:
Alexei A. Maradudin
Abstract:
LADAR light reflection from a target is highly dependent of the spectral reflectivity and texture properties of the surface. Such dependencies could be exploited for target recognition based on surface characterization with appropriate imaging conditions and processing algorithms. Target surface… More

Development of a Closed Loop Brain Cooling System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$98,969.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
A team consisting of Spectral Sciences Inc., BeneChill Corporation, Columbia University, Temple University and Brighton Consulting will develop a field-deployable cooling system-with unique brain-temperature monitoring-to induce hypothermia to patients with traumatic brain injury, particularly to… More

The OCEANS global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Raphael Panfili, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Atmospheric effects, including the significant impact of ocean radiance, play a major role in remote sensing applications and the design of defense and surveillance systems. Tracking dim targets against a cluttered ocean background which is highly spatially and temporally varying is a particularly… More

Advanced Spectral Signature Models for Rocket Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,979.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence Bernstein, Chief Scientist
Abstract:
The design of space-based optical sensors for detection and identification of threat missile launches relies heavily on plume signature simulation models. The development of physics-based plume signature models traces back ~50 years, resulting in very capable models. However, because of the… More

Development of a Terahertz Typing Toolkit for Interceptor Kill Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$97,112.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
A successful intercept of a missile by a kinetic energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and associated observable signatures over a very wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The signatures contain important information on the intercept lethality and on the… More

Parallel Processor-Based Real-Time Atmospheric Compensation of Hyperspectral Images

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Prabhat Acharya, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Airborne down-looking hyperspectral imaging (HSI) is promising for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR). HSI systems use numerous spectral bands to distinguish materials, and thus provide target identification and discrimination against background clutter. Down-looking HSI sensors… More

A Robust Accurate Earthshine Skyshine Reflection Model for Remote Space Objects

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,491.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
The Air Force space situational awareness mission includes characterization, identification and real-time tracking of resident space objects (RSO). Under low-light conditions not dominated by sunshine, detectable RSO signatures result from reflections of upwelling irradiance. These sources, which… More

Wide Area Space Surveillance System

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$746,549.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
A Wide Area Space Surveillance System (WASSS) would provide near continuous, real-time monitoring of insertion events, orbital maneuvers, and resident space objects (RSOs) in deep space. A constellation of satellites is proposed with multiple wide field-of-view sensors in an orbit that provides… More

A Microwave Spectral Emission Model for Rocket Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,991.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Leon Muratov, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Use of the microwave spectral region (10,000-100 micron) for DoD applications is largely unexplored, but offers significant advantages. For example, early detection of missile launches is key for missile defense. However, detecting launches using airborne and space-based sensors under all… More

Dynamic Multicomponent Optical Analyzer for Chemical Weapon (CW) Exposure Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,997.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / CBD
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvjin, Principal Scientist
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a sensor for real-time trace-level analysis of complex multicomponent gas mixtures containing Chemical Weapon (CW) agents and interferents. The approach is based on the combination of a digitally controlled widely tunable quantum cascade laser source and… More

Propulsion Kinetics for Alternate Wavelength Signatures (PAWS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,653.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Several current BMDS sensors and advanced technology concepts are using or considering passive exploitation of signature features outside the 2.5-5.0 micron range. However, current signature models are focused primarily on this relatively narrow band in the infrared. We propose to develop a set of… More

Next Generation Terrain and Cloud Background Models for System Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$997,912.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Atmospheric effects, especially the impact of clouds, play a major role in remote sensing applications, and in particular, the design of defense and surveillance systems. Of special importance, are the effects of clouds and terrain on ballistic missile launch detection and tracking. The detection… More

Recovery Act - Real-time Remote Detection of HR-VOC Content in Flares

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,965.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Flares are widely used in the chemical processing industry to safely vent combustible gas streams. The open-flame combustion of hydrocarbons in flares produces and subsequently emits into the atmosphere substantial quantities of greenhouse gases along with trace amounts of ozone-forming… More

Structured Emission Thermometry Sensor for Burner Control

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,943.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
Industrial processes such as glass production burn huge quantities of natural gas. Burner settings are often set with large error margins to avoid producing pollution. They are also frequently set

Recovery Act - Real-time Remote Detection of HR-VOC Content in Flares

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2010 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,998.00
Agency:
DOE
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
The large quantities of natural gas produced in the oil refining process pose a serious explosion hazard, and are disposed of by open air burning, commonly referred to as flaring. Incomplete combustion of the natural gas results in the release of hazardous organic compounds, which pose serious risks… More

High-Speed Atmospheric Correction Algorithm for Spectral Image Processing

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,992.00
Agency:
NASA
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Investigator
Abstract:
Generating land and ocean data products from NASA multispectral and hyperspectral imagery missions requires atmospheric correction, the removal of atmospheric transmission and scattering effects that contaminate the measurements. This program led by Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI) addresses the… More

Computational Prediction of Kinetic Rate Constants for Condensed Phases

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,979.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Shroll, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
Environmental Molecular Sciences
RI Contact:
Gary D. Black
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: A core component of aerospace manufacturing is based on cutting-edge technological applications of material design. Chemical kinetics models are vital for interpreting experimental measurements and predicting the behavior of these complex systems. Modern computational chemistry software… More

The Blow-down Large Angle-of-attack Signatures Thrust Termination Toolkit (BLAST3)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Ramona Taylor, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
In this SBIR, we develop a toolkit for computing time-dependent signatures for solid rocket motor thrust termination. The toolkit is composed of several modules describing the combustion chamber, near field, and far field flows, and outputs time-dependent spectral imagery. The fidelity of each… More

Advanced Chemistry and Radiation Modules for Wake and Reentry Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,994.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
The outcome of the proposed SBIR program will be the development of an innovative scientific testbed code suite for reentry vehicle signatures. The testbed will model all key physical hypersonic flow effects to a high degree of fidelity and will be validated against field data. It is intended that… More

A Novel Method for Fast Rendering of Missile Plume Imagery

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,999.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Jonathan Grot, Senior Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Since infrared radiation from missile exhaust plumes is a key observable for many satellite sensors and interceptor seekers, considerable effort has been expended in developing and validating high-fidelity plume signature codes. However, their utility for systems studies of missile fly-outs is… More

Development of a Terahertz Typing Toolkit for Interceptor Kill Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$1,999,963.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
A successful intercept of a missile by a kinetic energy kill vehicle initiates a complex sequence of events and associated observable signatures that occur over a very wide range of temporal, spatial, and spectral scales. The signatures contain important information on the lethality of the intercept… More

Advanced Spectral Signature Models for Rocket Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$1,499,985.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator:
Lawrence Bernstein, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
The design of space-based optical sensors for detection, identification, and tracking of threat missile launches relies heavily on plume signature simulation models. The development of very capable plume signature models traces back ~50 years. However, because of the complexity of the underlying… More

The OCEANS global UV-VIS-IR Ocean Background Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,993.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Raphael Panfili, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Atmospheric effects, including the significant impact of ocean radiance, play a major role in remote sensing applications and the design of defense and surveillance systems. Tracking dim targets against a cluttered ocean background which is highly spatially and temporally varying is a particularly… More

Theoretical Models of Quantum Conductance on Graphical Processing Units

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,990.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jason Quenneville, Senior Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
University of California, Davis
RI Contact:
Alexei Stuchebrukhov
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Due to the costs associated with their fabrication, theoretical prediction of conductance in molecular and nano-electronic systems is a cost-effective tool in the design of new devices. Unfortunately, the techniques currently used to treating conductance are computationally expensive, and… More

BRDF Analysis of LADAR-based Target Surface Characterization

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,944.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator:
Xuemin Jin, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
University of California Irvine
RI Contact:
Alexei A. Maradudin
Abstract:
LADAR light reflection from a target is highly dependent of the spectral reflectivity and texture properties of the surface. Such dependencies could be exploited for target recognition based on surface characterization. Target surface light reflection is

SBIR Phase I: Modeling and Simulation Tools for Vacuum Science Technologies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,937.00
Agency:
NSF
Principal Investigator:
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a software suite to simulate the large range of pressures and complex moving parts geometry of high vacuum pumps, critical for many manufacturing processes. The approach is new and leverages the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC)… More

FOliage Communications Simulation (FOCS) Framework

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,998.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Xuemin Jin, Principal Investigator – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Reliable communications are essential for real-time situational awareness, sensor command, control planning and data access throughout the entire battle space for the warfighters. RF communications in forests, jungles and triple canopy environments (those with both an overstory and understory) are… More

Accurate Simulations of Clouds and Optical Turbulence

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
John Gruninger, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Target detection and tracking by missile defense sensor systems on an airborne platform is affected by clouds and atmospheric turbulence. Clouds interfere with detection and tracking for viewing scenarios when clouds are in the foreground of the target. Turbulence phenomena can interfere with… More

Advanced Hybrid Methods for Complex Target Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,930.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
We propose to develop a new and innovative capability to model complex target plumes by upgrading the SOCRATES-P Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) high altitude plume signature code. This capability will enable SOCRATES-P to simulate 3D plume flowfields in a unified manner, from inside the nozzle… More

Using 2D Axisymmetric Flow Field Models to Capture 3D Plume-Plume Interaction Effects

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Jonathan Grot, Senior Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Rapid simulation of threat missile plume signatures plays a critical role within the Missile Defense Agency"s (MDA) modeling and simulation framework for many applications. Fast simulation of systems utilizing vernier engines presents a challenging modeling problem because the interaction of… More

A Toolkit for Enhanced Particulate Simulation (EPSilon Toolkit) in Plume

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,992.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Radiation from particulates can often be the dominant source of radiation in rocket plumes. Particulates such as soot and aluminum oxide emit and absorb light differently depending not only on their composition but also their size, temperature, and state of aggregation. These properties are… More

Star Background Model

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$100,000.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Rosemary Kennett, Senior Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
We propose to develop a new and innovative capability to model the contribution of stellar sources to the background radiation detected by EO/IR sensors. This Star Background Model would comprise a new comprehensive database of known objects outside the solar system, both stellar and non-stellar,… More

Airborne Hyperspectral Data Compression

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,991.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Timothy Perkins, tperkins@spectral.com – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Operational airborne hyperspectral imagery (HSI) offers numerous advantages over traditional single or multiband sensing modalities for DoD intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance tasks. Its extremely high information content, which captures unique spectral signatures of targets… More

Post-Maneuver Orbit Determination from Multi-Sensor Analysis of Plumes (PODMAP)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,962.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Rainer Dressler, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Spectral Sciences, Inc., and subcontractor Pacific Defense Solutions (PDS), LLC propose a Post-Maneuver Orbit Determination from Multi-Sensor Analysis of Plumes (PODMAP) system, consisting of a thrust vector inversion algorithm that produces post-maneuver orbital elements from wide field… More

Fast Passive Optical Sensor for Jet Engine Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,996.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Neil Goldstein, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: We propose the development of a high-speed, passive, in-situ, hyperspectral sensor system and its integration into engine-scale augmentor test program at AEDC. An optical probe would be integrated into an existing mechanical probe to provide multiple views of the emission coming from… More

Space&Chamber Effects Simulator (SPACES)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,984.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: There are many components to the space environment, both natural and man-made, that can adversely affect spacecraft performance. Their relationship is often complex and nonlinear, making scientific modeling essential. We propose to produce a structured network of physics-based computer… More

Next Generation Terrain and Cloud Background Models for System Studies

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,993.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
James Duff, Principal Investigator – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Atmospheric effects, especially the impact of clouds, play a major role in remote sensing applications, and in particular, the design of defense and surveillance systems. Of special importance, are the effects of clouds and terrain on ballistic missile launch detection and tracking. The detection… More

Propulsion Kinetics for Alternate Wavelength Signatures (PAWS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$499,970.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Investigator – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Several current BMDS sensors and advanced technology concepts are using or considering passive exploitation of signature features outside the 2.5-5.0 micron range. However, current signature models are focused primarily on this relatively narrow band in the infrared. We propose to develop a set of… More

The Blow-down Large Angle-of-attack Signatures Thrust Termination Toolkit (BLAST3)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,998.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Ramona Taylor, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
The outcome of the proposed SBIR program will be the development of the Blow-down Large Angle-of-attack Signatures Thrust Termination Toolkit (BLAST3). BLAST3 will consist of a physics-based framework of modules for producing simulated imagery and radar scenes of solid rocket motor thrust… More

Advanced Chemistry and Radiation Modules for Wake and Reentry Flows

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2012 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$999,985.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
The flowfields surrounding reentry and other hypersonic vehicles are complex and challenging to model. At hypersonic velocities, the flow may ionize and form a plasma sheath around the vehicle, ablating heat shield material can be entrained in the flow, and non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE)… More

Water Effects Correction Software (WECS)

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$99,999.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Hoang Dothe, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Infrared (IR) target scenes can suffer from distorting effects by atmospheric species present along the atmospheric paths through which the signals are propagated, causing errors in derived target characteristics (e.g., position, velocity, angle). The main contributor to these errors is refraction… More

Airborne Hyperspectral Data Compression

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$748,112.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Steven Adler-Golden, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Operational airborne hyperspectral imagery (HSI) offers numerous advantages over traditional single or multiband sensing modalities for DoD intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance tasks. The extremely high information content, which captures unique spectral signatures of targets… More

A Lightweight Optical Approach to Detect Incipient Heat Damage

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$80,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank Clark, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Composite materials, widely used in aircraft, reduce manufacturing cost, improve structural performance, and boost fuel efficiency. However, composites are susceptible to hidden heat damage, which may occur from fire, exhaust impingement, overheating, or during repairs. The earliest heat damage… More

A Rapid Optical Approach to Quantitative Composite Bond Quality Assessment

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$79,996.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator:
Frank Clark, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
University of Louisville
RI Contact:
John Kielkopf
Abstract:
Composite materials are widely used in aircraft to reduce weight and cost, improve structural performance, and boost fuel efficiency. However, composites are susceptible to adhesive bond quality issues, including kissing bonds which may occur because of initial fabrication or service related issues.… More

Advanced Hybrid Methods for Complex Target Plumes

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$991,997.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Matthew Braunstein, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
We propose to develop a new and innovative capability to model complex target plumes by upgrading the SOCRATES-P direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) high altitude plume signature code. This capability will enable SOCRATES-P to simulate 3D plume flowfields in a unified manner, from inside the nozzle… More

Optical Remote Detection of Low Level Earth Surface Vibrations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / STTR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$150,000.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank O. Clark, Principal Investigator – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
University of Louisville
RI Contact:
John Kielkopf
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Remote optical detection of ground vibrations could potentially enable discovery of subterranean and camouflaged activity. The basic challenges are to acquire a detailed physical understanding of the detected signal and develop a system at reasonable cost with sensitivity to extremely… More

A Toolkit for Enhanced Particulate Simulation (EPSilon Toolkit) in Plume

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$991,404.00
Agency:
DOD
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Spectral Sciences, Inc. (SSI), proposes to develop the Enhanced Particle Simulation Toolkit (EPSilon Toolkit) software. The Epsilon Toolkit is a set of consistent, validated, physics-based particle models in a single software-library that can be easily accessed from existing MDA plume signature… More

Space Based Hyper-Spectral Imaging Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, President – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Spectral Sciences Inc. (SSI) proposes to address the need for improved battlespace intelligence by developing the Battlespace Large Area Spectral-imaging Transient-event (BLAST) sensor, optimized for space-based target detection. BLAST is a highly efficient, fast framing, Hyperspectral… More

Optical Remote Detection of Low Level Earth Surface Vibrations

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / STTR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$741,049.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Frank O. Clark, Fellow Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Research Institution:
University of Louisville
RI Contact:
John Kielkopf
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Underground facilities can be used by rogue governments to conceal command-and-control and to manufacture weapons of mass destruction, and are an increasingly important operational challenge to U.S. military forces. Our objective is to determine improved methods of detection essential to… More

Robust Hyperspectral Targeting and Reacquisition Software

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,998.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Robert Sundberg, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
Hyperspectral imaging (HSI) sensors have the unique ability to identify objects based on the spectral signatures of their surface materials. With these signatures, movements of designated targets could be detected using images collected hours to days apart. Many targets of interest, such as… More

Multi-scaled Physics-based Models of Environmental Effects on Propellant Aging

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase I
Award Amount:
$149,999.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Ramona Taylor, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: After being cast, a solid rocket motor (SRM) may potentially be stored for tens of years before it is fired. During this time, both strategic and tactical motors are subjected to constant changes in humidity and temperature that can lead to premature aging of the propellant, liner and… More

Fast Passive Optical Sensor for Jet Engine Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,961.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Jason Cline, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: We propose the development of a high-speed, passive, in-situ, hyperspectral sensor system and its integration into engine-scale augmentor test program at AEDC. In this effort, custom probe optics will be integrated into an existing mechanical engine probe to provide multiple views of the… More

Space Based Hyper-Spectral Imaging Sensor

Award Year / Program / Phase:
2014 / SBIR / Phase II
Award Amount:
$749,975.00
Agency / Branch:
DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Pajo Vujkovic-Cvijin, Principal Scientist – (781) 273-4770
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Battlespace awareness through on-orbit remote detection and classification of energetic events and objects such as missile launches, bomb blasts, artillery fire and aircraft could provide intelligence on adversaries in near real-time to military commanders. Currently deployed space-based… More