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Company Information:

Company Name: SPIRE CORPORATION
City: BEDFORD
State: MA
Zip+4: 01730-2396
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phone: (781) 275-6000

Award Totals:

Program/Phase Award Amount ($) Number of Awards
SBIR Phase I $22,226,698.00 328
SBIR Phase II $54,119,196.00 99
STTR Phase I $598,348.00 6
STTR Phase II $1,249,338.00 2

Award List:

OPTICAL DISKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,956.00
Abstract:
Advances in wideband communications and information handlingtechnologies have created a data storae and retrieval problem which will no longer be satisfied by evolutionary improvements of conventional technologies. the use of tellurium coated optical storage disks for ablative recording is one of… More

CELL STRUCTURES BY 3-DIMENSIONAL GRAPHOEPITAXY ON METAL MIRRORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Bing whey shin , MATERIAL SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $48,000.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes an innovative approach to minimize the cost and to maximize the efficiency of silicon solar cells by utilizing thin-film limit-efficiency (27% am1) design concepts. specifically, it proposes to demonstrate the feasibility of fabricating essentially single-crystal silicon films with… More

TELESCOPE OPTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Brian murray , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $35,000.00
Abstract:
Under a previous nsf sbir award, spire corporation developedan ion-beam deposition process for coating metal tool bits with cubic boron-nitride. these cbn coatings were nearly ashard as diamonds, scratch resistant, and transparent to the naked eye. the coating was successfully applied to pyrex… More

FLAT-PLATE APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. M.b. Spitzer
Award Amount: $48,000.00

IMPROVED WEAR RESISTANCE TITANIUM ALLOYS FOR LONG-LIFE ORTHOPAEDIC PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Bing Whey Shen
Award Amount: $35,000.00

DRY FILM LUBRICANT FOR BEARINGS USING ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1983 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Bing Whey Shen
Award Amount: $50,000.00

DRY FILM LUBRICANT FOR BEARINGS USING ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Bing Whey Shen
Award Amount: $195,991.00
Abstract:
High speed cryogenic turbo-machinery requires reliable dry film lubricants in the main shaft to support the rollingelement bearings. the lubricant presently used has short lifetime and causes unacceptable wear rate on the bearings once the dry films are depleted. new approaches are required for… More

FLAT-PLATE APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. M.b. Spitzer
Award Amount: $489,854.00
Abstract:
The flat-plate module has been the primary approach to commercialization of near-term photovoltaics. research on flat-plate technology has focused on reduction of cost-per-watt without due regard for final module efficiency. it is now recognized that to be commercially viable in u.s. energy markets,… More

GAAS, WHICH HAS BEEN USED FOR MONOLITHIC SURFACE ACOUSITC WAVE (SAW) DEVICES, IS ALSO THE MICROELECTRONIC MATERIAL OF CHOICE FOR HIGH SPEED, HIGH-FREQUENCY APPLICATIONS, AD ITS COMBINATION OF PIEZOELECTRIC AND SEMICONDUCTING PROPERTIES OFFERS THE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert g. wolfson
Award Amount: $49,894.00
Abstract:
Gaas, which has been used for monolithic surface acousitc wave (saw) devices, is also the microelectronic material of choice for high speed, high-frequency applications, ad its combination of piezoelectric and semiconducting properties offers the opportunity to integrate saw and electronic devices… More

ELECTRODE EROSION LIMITS THE LIFETIME OF PULSED SPARK GAPS TO APPROXIMATELY 10 AND 10 PULSES WITH THE PRESENT STATE OF THE TECHNOLOGY.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton c. greenwald
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Electrode erosion limits the lifetime of pulsed spark gaps to approximately 10 and 10 pulses with the present state of the technology. spire corporation proposes to make new types of refractory materials for electrode coatings by ion implantation, with the objective of extending the lifetime to… More

USING CUBIC BORON NITRIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Piran sioshansi , INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,980.00
Abstract:
High speed cryogenic turbomachinery requires reliable dry film lubricants in the main shaft to support rolling element bearings. the lubricant presently used has a very short lifetime, causing unacceptable wear on the bearings once the dry films are depleted. research is required to develop highly… More

NANOMETER WEAR MEASUREMENT BY ULTRA-THIN SURFACE LAYER ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Charles Blatchley , Wear Measurement Systems
Award Amount: $39,000.00

IMPROVED WEAR RESISTANCE OF IMPLANT TITANIUM ALLOY BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dr. Piran Sioshansi , Director
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIGH EFFICIENCY RADIATION-RESISTANT INDIUM PHOSPHIDE SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: M.b. Spitzer , Investigator
Award Amount: $49,501.00

REDUCTION OF SURFACE RECOMBINATION IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1984 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mark Spitzer , Manager
Award Amount: $49,000.00

REDUCTION OF SURFACE RECOMBINATION IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mark Spitzer , Manager
Award Amount: $489,979.00
Abstract:
The next generation of high efficiency silicon solar cells will require very low surface recombination at both front and back surfaces. one approach to reducing surface recombination is by growth of an epitaxial heterojunction "window" of a higher bandgap material which is transparent and offers… More

IMPROVED WEAR RESISTANCE OF IMPLANT TITANIUM ALLOY BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Dr. Piran Sioshansi , Director
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Titanium alloys offer superior corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, lower elastic modulus and specific weight, and biocompatibility. the lower wear/abrasion tolerance of titanium, however, has hampered its full scale application in orthopaedic surgery. for long term reliability of the titanium… More

RADIONUCLIDE-BASED MONITORING SYSTEM

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. piran sioshansi , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,854.00
Abstract:
The first wall in a fusion reactor will be exposed to an extremely harsh environment characterized by both continuous high operating temperatures and very high temperature pulses. specialized coatings and material that can reject heat and resist erosion and neutron damage will be required. these… More

PARTICLE TRACKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Charles blatchley
Award Amount: $39,000.00
Abstract:
High energy nuclear particles, particularly fission fragments, leave a damage trail in dielectric materials suchas glass or polycarbonate plstics. under certain circumstances, these damage trails can be made visbile by chemical etching which proceeds preferentially along the particle track to… More

THE USE OF ASTM F-75 OR THE CO-CR ALLOYS IN GENERAL IS WIDESPREAD IN THE ORTHOPEDIC COMMUNITY IN TOTAL JOINT REPLACEMENTS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran sioshansi , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,566.00
Abstract:
The use of astm f-75 or the co-cr alloys in general is widespread in the orthopedic community in total joint replacements. there are many questions concerning the ion release of the constituents of these alloys. cobalt, chromium, and nickel are all known or suspected carcinogens or mutagens. they… More

SIMULTANEOUS SPUTTER-DEPOSITION/ION-IMPLAN- TATION PROCESS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. piran sioshansi , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,991.00
Abstract:
The use of ion beams as a means of enhancing the properties of deposited thin films has attracted con- siderable interest in the last few years. further development of energetically-enhanced, ion-depos- tion techniques is expected to result in a new generation of exotic coatings with… More

THE USE OF ION BEAMS AS A MEANS OF ENHANCING THE PROPERTIES OF DEPOSITED THIN FILMS HAS ATTRACTED CONSIDERABLE INTEREST IN THE LAST FEW YEARS.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James k hirvonen , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
The use of ion beams as a means of enhancing the properties of deposited thin films has attracted considerable interest in the last few years. the further development of energetically-enhanced ion deposition techniques is expectedto result in a new generation of exotic coatings with superior… More

SILICON-ON-INSULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: S n bunker , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Silcon-on-insulator technologies such as silicon-on-sapphire(sos) have been shown to be essential for providing isolation of transistors from substrates for increased operating speed. a promising new approach, separation by ion implantation oxygen (simox), has already demonstrated high quality… More

OF SHEET SILICON SOLAR CELLS-

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. mark spitzer , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $49,752.00
Abstract:
This project addresses improvements in efficiency of cells formed from present-day sheet silicon materials. such improvement may be achieved through passivation of recombination centers that result from impurities, grain boundaries, and other crystal defects. in this investigation, the feasibility… More

SUPERLATTICE BUFFER LAYERS FOR LOW-DEFECT GAAS EXPOTAXIAL FILMS ON IMPERFECT GAAS SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert G Wolfson
Award Amount: $71,977.00

ION IMPLANTATION FOR CONTROLLED FLUORINATION OF PLASTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $76,558.00

SELF-LUBRICATING DIAMOND-LIKE COATINGS BY A SIMULTANEOUS SPUTTER DEPOSITION/ION IMPLANTATION PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1985 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $74,008.00

SUPERLATTICE BUFFER LAYERS FOR LOW-DEFECT GAAS EXPOTAXIAL FILMS ON IMPERFECT GAAS SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Robert G Wolfson
Award Amount: $566,000.00
Abstract:
The lack of reproducibly uniform, low-defect gaas material remains a major obstacle to the development of advanced microwave device technologies, especially digital and monolithic microwave integrated circuits. spire proposes to circumvent the shortcomings of melt-grown gaas wafers by means of… More

SELF-LUBRICATING DIAMOND-LIKE COATINGS BY A SIMULTANEOUS SPUTTER DEPOSITION/ION IMPLANTATION PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The use of ion beams as a means of enhancing the properties of deposited thin films has attracted considerable interest in the last few years. the further development of energetically-enhanced ion deposition techniques is expected to result in a new generation of exotic coatings with… More

ION IMPLANTATION FOR CONTROLLED FLUORINATION OF PLASTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $495,000.00
Abstract:
Acrylics and polycarbonates are widely used as aircraft windows and windshields. these plastics craze and crack when exposed to long term sunlight and atmospheric conditions. surface fluorination is known to be an effective method for passivating and protecting these plastics. spire corporation… More

NANOMETER WEAR MEASUREMENT BY ULTRA-THIN SURFACE LAYER ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Charles Blatchley , Wear Measurement Systems
Award Amount: $209,000.00
Abstract:
Spire has developed a surface layer activation (sla) technique for measuring material loss due to wear, erosion or corrosion to an accuracy of .1 micrometers. because the technique is nondestructive and is easily applied in situ and on-line, it has enjoyed notable success, particularly in situations… More

HIGH EFFICIENCY RADIATION-RESISTANT INDIUM PHOSPHIDE SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: M.b. Spitzer , Investigator
Award Amount: $499,812.00
Abstract:
This research addresses the feasibility of fabricating radiation-resistant high efficiency space solar cells from indium phosphide. research in phase i is directed at the evaluation of present-day processes for (1) cell fabrication and includes (1) cell modeling to determine optimal cell design, (2)… More

ENHANCED DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. james hirvonen , PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Effective solid lubricants (e.e., m0s2) require (1) strong lubricant film-to-substrate adherence and (2) low shear strengths within the solid lubricant material. the tribological properties of such films are strongly dependent on the stoichiometry and structure of the flims which in turn are highly… More

IMPLANTATION/EXCIMER LASER ANNEALING FEASIBILITY STUDY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stanley w vernon
Award Amount: $63,678.00
Abstract:
The lack of a process to dope zns(x)se(1-x) for p-type conductivity is the major obstacle to the advancement of device technology based on wide bandgap p/n homojunctions. of particular importance are light-emitting diodes and injection lasers fabricated from znsxse(1-x) which operate in the blue or… More

THE PROPOSED PROJECT ADDRESSES IMPROVED MASK TECHNOLOGY FOR ION BEAM LITHOGRAPHY.

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Leo geoffroy
Award Amount: $69,322.00
Abstract:
The proposed project addresses improved mask technology for ion beam lithography. specifically, techniques for perfecting the silicon membrane used in such masks are presented, and research intended to incorporate such techniques in membrane fabrication is proposed. in phase i, the feasibility of… More

ISOELECTRONIC DOPING TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley m vernon
Award Amount: $64,627.00
Abstract:
Monolithic microwave integrated circuits (mmic's) made of gaas are becoming increasingly important for use in military systems. a major limitation to advancement in this field is the quality of the semi-insulatinggaas substrates available. spire proposes to develop a technique for producing… More

NO ABSTRACT AT THIS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: James k hirvonen
Award Amount: $74,840.00
Abstract:
No abstract at this time

HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY PHOTOCATHODES FOR DETECTION OF 1.06 MICROMETER RADIATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $64,231.00

NEUTRAL PARTICLE BEAM LOCATION, AIMING CALIBRATION AND TARGET HIT IDENTIFICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1986 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $74,851.00

IMPROVED WEAR RESISTANCE TITANIUM ALLOYS FOR LONG-LIFE ORTHOPAEDIC PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. Bing Whey Shen
Award Amount: $178,000.00
Abstract:
Titanium alloys offer superior corrosion resistance, mechanical strength, lower elastic modulus and specific weight, and biocompatibility. the lower wear/abrasion tolerance of the alloy, however, has hampered its full scaleapplication in orthopaedic surgery. for long term reliability of the titanium… More

HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY PHOTOCATHODES FOR DETECTION OF 1.06 MICROMETER RADIATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $250,000.00
Abstract:
Low-noise photocathodes able to detect 1.06 micrometer - wavelength radiation with reasonable efficiency are needed for spaceborn lidar sensor systems utilizing nd:yag lasers. photocathodes with 1.06 micrometer quantum efficiencies exceeding 1% have been fabricated in the past but are not… More

NEUTRAL PARTICLE BEAM LOCATION, AIMING CALIBRATION AND TARGET HIT IDENTIFICATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The determination of miss-vector and identification of hits on target by a neutral particle beam (npb) in space is a serious problem for this antiballistic missile defense concept. the proposed program will investigate the use of atmospheric fluorescence in the zone of beam ionization (stripping)… More

IMPROVED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF DIAMONDS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $40,000.00
Abstract:
Diamonds are nature's hardest substance and in addition to their value as gems, they are of importance for abrasive grinding applications, with synthetic diamonds being increasingly used for the past thirty years. nitrogen is the major impurity of diamonds (up to 0.3 at.%) and plays a major role in… More

ADVANCED SEAL MATERIALS BY ION BEAM ENHANCED DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,831.00
Abstract:
The use of ion beams as a means of enhancing the properties of deposited thin films has attracted considerable interest in the last few years. the further development of energetically-enhanced ion deposition techniques is expectedto result in a new generation of exotic coatings with superior… More

DEPOSITION OF METASTABLE THIN FILM MATERIALS BY LIGHT-ASSISTED METALORGANIC CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr christopher keavney
Award Amount: $49,821.00
Abstract:
It is planned to grow metastable semiconducting phases, including alpha-tin and cubic tin-germanium alloys by light-assisted metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. precursors such as tetramethyl tin, germane, or tetramethyl germanium will be introduced into a reactor. as the gases flow past the… More

MONITORING EROSION IN COAL COMBUSTION ENGINES USING SURFACE LAYER ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr charles c blatchley
Award Amount: $49,830.00
Abstract:
A prototype automated system has been developed for precise in situ measurement of wear, corrosion, or erosion based on the surface layer activation (sla) technique. measurements are made by detecting the gamma ray signals from trace amounts of radionuclides incorporated in the surface of the… More

IMPROVED EPITAXIAL GALLIUM ARSENIDE LAYER GROWTH ON SILICON SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Stanley m vernon
Award Amount: $73,536.00
Abstract:
The proposed program investigates the use of gaas layers epitaxially grown on silicon wafers as substrates for gaas electronic devices. the new gaas-on-si substrates will be larger, more uniform, more rugged, and more thermally conductive than the bulk gaas substrates they are designed to replace.… More

HIGHLY TEMPERATURE-STABLE LOW SHADOW LOSS METALLIZATION FOR SUPERIOR SPACE SOLAR CELLS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen p tobin
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The proposed three-phase program investigates the integration of a very stable metallization system with a metal formation process yielding highly efficient low-loss configuration. the low-loss metallization comprises high-aspect-ratio grid lines which can be made tall to limit grid series… More

A NEW METALLIC LIGHT ABSORBING DURABLE OPTICAL BAFFLE MATERIAL

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Brian w murray
Award Amount: $64,362.00
Abstract:
Spire corporation proposes to develop an optical baffle material that is metallic, light absorbing, radiation-hardened and durable. using a spire developed process, initial experiments have demonstrated that a structured be sputtered layer can be deposited on properly prepared be substates. the… More

MERCURY MANGANESE TELLURIDE AND MERCURY ZINC TELLURIDE MOCVD-GROWN FIR DETECTOR MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Richard traczewski
Award Amount: $49,935.00
Abstract:
There is a need in the infrared detector community for high quality films that will provide optimum detection qualities and which can be readily processed without degrading potential device performance. present material utilization has focused on hg(1)x cd(x)te. its tunable bandgap and high quantum… More

FEASIBILITY OF LOW-COST FABRICATION APPROACHES FOR SUPERIOR ALGAAS LASER ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr mark b spitzer
Award Amount: $55,119.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses a three-phase program for the reduction of the cost of algaas diode laser arrays. the innovative techniques to be pursued include improved wafer processing to reduce the cost of the laser devices, and fabrication of a novel header, to reduce the assembly cost of the… More

ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ih-huany Lohn
Award Amount: $49,936.00

ADVANCED INSULATING COATINGS FOR PLASMA CONFINEMENT SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $49,901.00

LOW-COST ALGAAS LASER ARRAYS FOR SOLID STATE LASER PUMPS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,841.00

A HIGH FIELD GYROTRON-DRIVEN SOURCE OF MULTIPLY CHARGED IONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $49,076.00

MULTIPLE ION IMPLANTATION OF BURIED LAYERS FOR SILICON-ON-INSULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stephen N Bunker
Award Amount: $54,308.00

DEPOSITION OR INP ON SI SUBSTRATES FOR MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION OF ADVANCED ELECTRONICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1987 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $61,387.00

LOW-COST ALGAAS LASER ARRAYS FOR SOLID STATE LASER PUMPS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $484,000.00
Abstract:
Solid state lasers such as nd:yag are being used as intense sources of optical radiation for commercial and military applications. nasa's interest in such lasers is for use on a polar orbiting space platform to perform critical experiments to measure atmospheric aerosols and molecular species.… More

ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ih-huany Lohn
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
The phase i program will investigate the creation of an electrically conductive surface layer on several types of nonconductive polymer sheet. the conductivity will be measured and correlated to ion implantation parameters such as ion species, dose, and energy. any changes or improvements in the… More

ADVANCED INSULATING COATINGS FOR PLASMA CONFINEMENT SYSTEMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
Electrical insulators in plasma confinement systems can be exposed to an extremely hostile environment, including bombardment by energetic particles, ultraviolet and x-ray radiation, rapid thermal cycling, and high rf and dc voltages. the insulators must operate reliably in this environment and,… More

A HIGH FIELD GYROTRON-DRIVEN SOURCE OF MULTIPLY CHARGED IONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
The program will investigate use of the recently developed gyrotron tube for driving high field electron cyclotron resonance (ecr) sources of highly charged heavy ions. gyrotrons can produce many kilowatts of continuous rf power at frequencies between 30 and 300 ghz (wavelengths between 10 and 1 mm)… More

DEPOSITION OR INP ON SI SUBSTRATES FOR MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION OF ADVANCED ELECTRONICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $496,000.00
Abstract:
A process is being developed for the heteroepitaxial growth of inp on silicon substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. due to its electron saturated drift velocity and radiation resistance, inp isan excellent material for use in high speed electron devices and spaceapplications. silicon… More

OXIDATION RESISTANT TI/6A1/4V-SIC COMPOSITE MATERIALS BY IONIMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: James k hirvonen
Award Amount: $49,826.00
Abstract:
The proposed research will show the feasibility of extendingthe operating temperature of sic reinforced ti/6a1/4v composites by ion implantation. high temperature lifetime of these composites is presently limited by oxidation and embrittlement to a few hours or less; discovery of an effective… More

ION-IMPLANTED SIMICONDUCTING POLYMERIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr ih-houng loh
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This project is designed to study the properties of novel, semiconducting, polymeric materials to assess their potential for use as new types of particle detectors envisioned for use in future experiments at the superconducting super collider (ssc). the study includes the fabrication of simple… More

STABLE CONDUCTIVE CONTACTS TO HIGH TC SUPERCONDUCTING OXIDES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton greenwald
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Practical applications of superconductors requires wires surrounded by normal good conducting materials for stabilityin cases when temperatures rise above tc. existing fabrication procedures for the new superconducting oxides (such as yba2cu3o7) require sintering steps at elevated temperatures… More

LOW WORK FUNCTION SURFACES BY ION BEAM TECHNIQUES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr ward halverson
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
High yield secondary electron surfaces hold promise for improved electron multiplying devices such as photomultipliers and microchannel plates. ion implantation and ion beam mixing offer a direct means of alloying low work function elements into the near surface region of substrates. preliminary… More

HIGH SECONDARY-ELECTRON YIELD SURFACES BY ION BEAM PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr james k hirvonen
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
High yield secondary-electron surfaces hold promise for improved electron-multiplying devices such as photomultipliers and microchannel plates. ion implantation and ion beam mixing offer a direct means of alloying low work-function elements into the near surface region of substrates. preliminary… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS INDUCED BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Edward a johnson
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The recent discovery of superconductions with high critical temperature (tc) has led to an international frenzy of re- search activity andscores of groups have demonstrated high tc supeconductivity in sintered samples of ba-y-cu-o and other alkaline earth and rare earthcuperate perovskites.… More

NDI OF COMPOSITE STRUCTURAL MATERIALS BY GAMMA SCATTER SENSING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOT
Principal Investigator: Charles c blatchley phd
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Without effective nondestructive inspection (ndi) menthods, structures employing composite materials must rely on large design margins of sfety and expensive individual component proof testing. objective of the proposed phase i research is to remedy this with gamma ray scattering counting, a formof… More

LASER DIODE ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr kurt j linden
Award Amount: $51,192.00
Abstract:
This proposal deals with the design of high pulsed power diode laser arrays and the development of fabrication techniques for achieving such arrays. during the first part of this phase i effort we will critically review existing designs of edge-emitting and surfaceemitting laser arrays. there has… More

LOW CYCLE FATIGUE ENHANCEMENT BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr piran sioshansi
Award Amount: $56,729.00
Abstract:
Ion implantation is an effective process to create compressive stress in the subsurface regions of metallic components and thereby enhance their resistance to fatigue initiated failures. ion implantation of light interstitial ions (such as boron, carbon or nitrogen) into titanium-based alloys (or… More

STRAIN MEASUREMENT IN TURBINE ENGINES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr charles c blatchley
Award Amount: $49,792.00
Abstract:
The proposed research will test the feasibility of remotely measuring mechanical strain in hostile environments and on moving engine parts or other structures using a special low level radiation source produced beneath the surface. strain on the part in question will change the attenuation of… More

THIN CONDUCTIVE FILMS FOR DIFFUSION BARRIERS AND CONTACTS TO STABILIZE YBA(2)CU(3)O(7) SUPERCONDUCTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr anton greenwald
Award Amount: $52,705.00
Abstract:
New ceramic polycrystalline superconducting materials such as yba(2)cu(3)o(7) are not stable, showing both loss of oxygen and rapid degradation of properties in air as chemical reations remove barium from the trinary metal oxide crystal lattice, creating morestable binary metal oxide compounds. the… More

DEFECT REDUCTION IN SIMOX WAFERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr fereydoon namavar
Award Amount: $54,456.00
Abstract:
Creation of buried insulating layers in silicon wafers by high dose oxygen implantation (simox) has gained significant attention in the last two years. the simox technology is positioned to be a prime contender in the silicon-on-insulator (soi) arena mainly because of the inherent… More

NOVEL ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE MEMBRANES FOR ENHANCED CHEM- ICAL SEPARATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ih-hong Loh
Award Amount: $50,000.00

ION IMPLANTATION TO REDUCE WEAR ON POLYETHYLENE PROSTHETIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $50,000.00

INDIUM PHOSPHIDE SOLAR CELLS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $49,867.00

SELECTIVE-AREA EPITAXY OF GALLIUM ARSENIDE ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1988 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Victor E Haven
Award Amount: $57,120.00

MULTIPLE ION IMPLANTATION OF BURIED LAYERS FOR SILICON-ON-INSULATOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stephen N Bunker
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Fabricating silicon-on-insulator (soi) substrate is a subject of keen interest because of the wide variety of major electrical benefits thatcan be obtained for integrated circuits. the most promising technology is ion implantation of buried layers because of process controllability, mild defects,… More

INDIUM PHOSPHIDE SOLAR CELLS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $499,994.00
Abstract:
It is proposed to grow indium phosphide photovoltaic cells on silicon substrates. avoiding the use of inp substrates will drastically reduce the cost and weight of the cells, while the inherent radiation resistance and advantage of inp lead us to expect a higher end-of-life efficiency than can be… More

NOVEL ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE MEMBRANES FOR ENHANCED CHEM- ICAL SEPARATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Ih-hong Loh
Award Amount: $495,603.00
Abstract:
Recent investigations of electromembranes that were preparedto provide an electric potential barrier for controlling permeation of charged species have indicated failure of the membranes. this failure is attributed to the unstable nature of the materials used in their fabrication. the synthesis of… More

ION IMPLANTATION TO REDUCE WEAR ON POLYETHYLENE PROSTHETIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $224,997.00
Abstract:
Ultra high molecular weight polythylene (uhmwpe) is presently the plastic material most commonly used in orthopaedic prostheses. wear of this material in load-bearing components (e.g., knee and hip replacements) isa serious problem which limits the lifetime of the prosthetic devices. spire… More

PREPARATION OF SUPERCONDUCTING WIRE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr Anton Greenwald Ph D
Award Amount: $49,986.00
Abstract:
Chemical vapor deposition of yba2cu3ox, or similar material,on a coated tungsten filament is proposed as an innovative technique for fabrication of ceramic superconducting wire. metalorganic sources for the metals will be deposited in an atmosphere containing oxygen so that unwanted species will be… More

LOW COST IMPROVED SIMOX MATERIAL BY HIGH-CURRENT-DENSITY HIGH TEMPERATURE IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DTRA
Principal Investigator: Dr Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $49,952.00
Abstract:
Spire has recently demonstrated that simox wafers of sufficiently high quality and low defect density to support bipolar device applications can be produced. to achieve superior quality, however, presently requires production methods which result in relatively high cost. a research program is… More

VERY LOW DEFECT SIMOX FOR ANALOG DEVICES WITH NEUTRON TOLERANCE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $49,952.00
Abstract:
Methods of forming virtually defect-free simox wafers (including thick epitaxial si layers) for application to "totally radiation hard" analog integrated circuits will be developed. the very thin devices required for neutron radiation hardened circuits pose even more stringent si quality… More

2.1 MICROMETER LIDAR DETECTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kurt Linden
Award Amount: $48,090.00
Abstract:
This proposal addresses the need for a high detectivity photovoltaic lidar detector with a spectral response peak in the 2.1 um spectral region to match the emission from thehigh performance ho:yag solid state laser presently under development. due to the fact that there are few applications which… More

THERMAL TILE BOND INSPECTION BY GAMMA RAY SCATTERING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Charles C Blatchley Ph D
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
External thermal protection for the space transportation system orbiter is provided by specially machined insulating tiles which are individually mounted by adhesive bonding to the outer skin. during application the adhesive may crack, form voids, or simply fail to bond tightly to the surface.… More

LIGHTER MORE RADIATION RESISTANT GAAS SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLIES THROUGH ELECTROSTATIC COVERGLASS BONDING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Michael J Nowlan
Award Amount: $49,953.00
Abstract:
The goal of this program is to develop a novel electrostatic bonding (esb) process for attaching coverglasses to space gallium arsenide (gaas) solar cells. in this process, direct chemical bonds are formed between the glass and the top surface of the cell. successful completion would lead to the… More

NDE OF ROCKET NOZZLES BY GAMMA RAY BACKSCATTERING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley
Award Amount: $49,801.00
Abstract:
Effective nondestructive evaluation (nde) methods are needed to detect cracks, porosity, voids, and other anomalies in rocket nozzles.nozzle materials have demonstrated inconsistent mechanical properties,forcing reliance on large design margins of safety and expensive prooftesting. objective of the… More

NOVEL BIODEGRADABLE BLOCK COPOLYMER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Ping-hung Lu
Award Amount: $49,993.00
Abstract:
The proper disposal of plastic solid waste in the past decade has become a serious problem for several nations and for some u.s. municipal governments. this plastic solid waste has been blamed for polluting the environment and posing an ecological threat to marine life. degradable plastics are… More

BEARING COATING DEVELOPMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr James K Hiryonen
Award Amount: $49,845.00
Abstract:
Spire has developed extremely adherent hard coatings capable of being deposited at low substrate temperatures (less than 100 deg c). they include diamond-like coatings (dlcs) and ion beam assisted coatings of silicon nitride, boron nitride, and titanium nitride using simultaneous nitrogen ion… More

FLIGHT TEST ABLATION MONITORING OF NATIONAL AERO-SPACE PLANE (NASP) ENGINE COMPONENTS BY SURFACE LAYER ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley
Award Amount: $49,830.00
Abstract:
Development of engines capable of propelling vehicles at hypersonic speed requires materials and designs capable of performing in extreme thermal environments. in a prototype vheicle it will be necessary to non-obtrusively instrument the engine to monitor performance, durability, and structural… More

METALORGANIC CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION OF HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING FILMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,902.00
Abstract:
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) of metallic oxides is an established technology in the electronics industry for production of thin film insulators and transparent conductors with tailored properties. applied tothe new superconducting ceramic materials such as yba2cu30x mocvd could… More

CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION AND ION BEAM MODIFICATION OF THERMOELECTRIC MATERIALS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Christopher J Keavney , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,777.00
Abstract:
The efficiencies of thermoelectric devices are generally limited by the properties of the available materials. the researchers propose to use ion beam modification to produce improved thermoelectric materials. by introducing defects and/or alloying elements by ion implantation, they will attempt to… More

BULK-DENSITY AL(2)O(3) THIN FILMS BY ION BEAM ENHANCED DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr James K Hirvonen
Award Amount: $49,994.00
Abstract:
Aluminum oxide is a widely used ceramic exhibiting a number of attractive bulk properties including chemical nertness, hightemperature compatibility, and high dielectric strength. unfortunately, these properties cannot always be achieved in thin films with conventional deposition techniques because… More

PRECISION MONITORING OF CRITICAL NUCLEAR REACTOR CHECK VALVES BY SURFACE LAYER ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,845.00
Abstract:
Monitoring critical components is a major issue in maintaining operational readiness and safety in nuclear reactors. because of the highly radioactive environment inhabited by many of these critical components, periodic inspections are dangerous and costly. an accurate method ofperforming remote… More

IMPROVED ELEVATED-TEMPERATURE FATIGUE LIFE BY ION BEAM PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $49,965.00
Abstract:
Ion implantation is an effective process to create compressive stress in the subsurface regions of metallic components and thereby enhance their resistance to fatigue-initiated failures. ion implantation of light interstitial ions (such as boron, carbon, or nitrogen) into titanium-based alloys (or… More

IMPROVED LEAD-ZIRCONIA-TITANATE FERROELECTRIC NON-VOLATILE RAMS BY MOCVD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Dr Anton C Greenwald
Award Amount: $49,962.00
Abstract:
Small (256 to 512 bytes) nvrams based upon ferroelectric materials are now being introduced into the market. the larger memories of interest to the military will require improvements in the basic lead-zirconia-titanate material. phase i of the proposed research will investigate cvd as a means of… More

REDUCTION OF DEFECTS IN SOS MATERIAL BY ION IMPLANTATION OF GERMANIUM FOR APPLICATION TO BIPOLAR TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: F Namavar , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,962.00
Abstract:
Substantial reduction of defects in silicon-on-sapphire (sos) material is required to broaden the range of applications to include bipolar devices. during the past few years, it has been shown that regional amorphization of the silicon layer by implantation of silicon and solid phase epitaxy… More

WEAR REDUCTION IN UHMWPE ORTHOPEDIC COMPONENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $30,415.00
Abstract:
Ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (uhmwpe) is presently the plastic material most commonly used in orthopedic prostheses. wear of this material in load-bearing components (e.g., knee and hip replacements) isa serious problem that limits the lifetime of the prosthetic devices. spire… More

FRICTION REDUCTION ON ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,900.00
Abstract:
This program will investigate ion implantation to increase the efficiency of wire movement in orthodontic appliances. ion implantation can modify the surface chemistry of materials without compromising either the desirable bulk properties or mechanical tolerances. in the long term, wires and… More

HIGH QUALITY ULTRA-THIN CRYSTALLINE SILICON-ON-INSULATOR FOR SOFT X-RAY AND VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Fereydoon Namavar , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,967.00
Abstract:
Methods of producing very low defect, high quality, ultra thin silicon-on-insulator (soi) wafers have been developed using the separation by implantation of oxygen (simox) process. the density of threading dislocation defects has been reduced by more than five orders of magnitude compared to… More

ADVANCED PHOTODIODE READOUT OF FAST ULTRAVIOLET SCINTILLATORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr Christopher J Keavney , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Recent advances in solar cell technology have greatly increased the sensitivity achievable in the ultraviolet (uv) region. this project adapts this technology to the detection of light from those fast uv scintillating materials such as baf2 that are now used with photomultiplier tubes for light… More

SIMOX RADIATION HARD LINEAR BIPOLAR STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Nasser Karam
Award Amount: $49,940.00

PERSONAL ALARM THIN-FILM CONDUCTING-POLYMER HYDRAZINE EXPOSURE SENSOR (PATCHES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ping-hung Lu
Award Amount: $49,978.00

PLASMA INSTABILITIES IN ELECTRON CYCLOTRON RESONANCE HEATED ION SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1989 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Yi-kang Pu , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,903.00

PLASMA INSTABILITIES IN ELECTRON CYCLOTRON RESONANCE HEATED ION SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Yi-kang Pu , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,646.00
Abstract:
Thermal energy and particle transport phenomena have extremely important effects on the production of high charge-state ions in high frequency, high power electron cyclotron resonance (ecr) ion sources. recent experimental results indicate that particle transport in the direction perpendicular to… More

SELECTIVE-AREA EPITAXY OF GALLIUM ARSENIDE ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Victor E Haven
Award Amount: $500,000.00
Abstract:
Thermal expansion mismatch between gallium-arsenide (gaas) and silicon(si) causes substrate bowing and cracking during cooling from the growth temperature. this is a major obstacle to overcome before the full potential of this material can be realized. the feasibility is being investigated of using… More

PERSONAL ALARM THIN-FILM CONDUCTING-POLYMER HYDRAZINE EXPOSURE SENSOR (PATCHES)

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ping-hung Lu
Award Amount: $75,000.00
Abstract:
A sensing device is required for the detection of toxic hypergolic propellants (hydrazine, monomethyl hydrazine, unsymmetrical dimethlhydrazine) for the safety protection of propellant handlers who work on space launch operations. spire corporation proposes to develop a toxic vapor detector based on… More

SILICON CARBIDE COATINGS FOR SYNCHROTRON OPTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,966.00
Abstract:
The use of ion beam assisted deposition (ibad) for soft x-ray optical coatings has many advantages, including superior adhesion, low temperature application, higher density coatings (no water absorption), lower stress, and high deposition rates. prior spire work has demonstrated the feasibility of… More

REMOTE NON-CONTACT HIGH-TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Charles C Blatchley , Manager
Award Amount: $49,822.00
Abstract:
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) reactions, used extensively for production of semiconductor devices, cannot be accurately controlled with existing thermometric techniques. a non-invasive method of precisely sensing surface temperature in the range 600 to 1200 degrees centigrade is… More

SUBSURFACE GAMMA RAY BACKSCATTER SCANNING MICROSCOPY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,938.00
Abstract:
Contact microscopy and transmission radiography using intense sources of soft x-rays have been advancing with the development of glancing angle reflectors and multilayer monochromator optical devices. similar uses for more penetrating x- and gamma radiation must continue to rely on collimator… More

LOW COST, LARGE AREA EPITAXIAL SILICON DETECTORS FOR SAMPLING CALORIMETERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,950.00
Abstract:
A low-cost approach to fabricating large area silicon diodes for sampling calorimeters is proposed. such samplingcalorimeters are needed in high energy particle detectors such as those used in the supercollider. the approach is based on the use of high resistivity silicon grown by epitaxial growth… More

SYNTHESIS OF CARBON NITRIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi , Vp
Award Amount: $49,866.00
Abstract:
Carbon nitride in its single-crystal phase is predicted to be harder than diamond and to exhibit other exotic properties. to date, it has not been synthesized; spire proposes to affect this synthesis through ion implantation of diamond, then to determine optical and mechanical properties of the… More

SILICON-GERMANIUM AND SILICON-TIN WAVEGUIDES FOR HETEROSTRUCTURE OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,948.00
Abstract:
The growth of a single-crystal alloy layer of germanium and silicon on a very high resistivity silicon substrate is a new and unexplored technique for optical waveguiding in the 1.3 to 1.6 micron infrared wavelength range. a related, butmore speculative approach, is the epitaxial growth of… More

SUPERCONDUCTING RF CAVITY COATINGS BY MOCVD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,907.00
Abstract:
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) of high temperature superconducting materials has been shown to be feasible, but films deposited to date have inferior electrical properties compared to the best reported results. the advantages of mocvd to coat odd shapes, such as the inside of rf… More

DEVELOPMENT OF MONOETHYLARSINE AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR ARSINE IN THE MOCVD PROCESS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Patricia-sekula Moise
Award Amount: $67,488.00
Abstract:
Mocvd is a universally accepted expitaxial process for the deposition of compound semiconductors. in fact, many production facilities are in operation. products include microwave and millimeter wave integrated circuits (mmics), laser diodes for compact disc players, photocathodes for night vision… More

MOCVD OF LEAD-GERMANATE FOR FERROELECTRIC NON-VOLATILE RAMS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Dr Anton C Greenwald
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Non-volatile random access memories (nvram) of 256 and 512 bits based on the ferroelectric material pb(zr, ti)o3 are now being introduced into the market. larger memories, of interest to the military, require improvements in the basic material. the properties of bulk lead-germanate suggest great… More

NDE OF INTERFACIAL BONDS BY MICRO-SCANNING GAMMA BACKSCATTERING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley
Award Amount: $49,849.00
Abstract:
Adhesively bonded structural materials require nondestructive methods of inspection and evaluation (ndi/e) to detect cracks, voids, and inclusions which directly affect bond strength. lack of reliable ndi/e, particularly during manufacture, will force reliance on large design margins of safety and… More

ELECTRON DENSITY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR PARTIALLY IONIZED GASES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Yi-kang Pu
Award Amount: $59,756.00
Abstract:
A radio frequency multi-channel probe array method is proposed to determine the densities of plasmas produced in laboratory chambers by high power microwave breakdown. in addition to making timeresolved measurements of electron density, the array will also provide spatial information on the plasma… More

REDUCTION OF POLYETHYLENE WEAR IN SURGICAL IMPLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $44,768.00
Abstract:
The cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy designated standard specification f-75 by the american society for testing and materials is the most commonly used alloy in orthopedic prostheses for total and partial joint replacement. the f-75 alloy is hard, stable, and corrosion resistant. its wear in joint… More

BLUE PHOSPHORS FOR FULL-COLOR HIGH-DEFINITION VIDEO DISPLAY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam , Senior Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $49,858.00

VERTICAL MULTIJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS WITH BURIED SILICIDE INTERCONNECTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Patricia Sekula-moi , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,941.00

MOCVD FOR LOW-COST TFEL FLAT PANEL DISPLAY MANUFACTURE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $54,936.00

DEVELOPMENT OF 780 NM AND 792 NM DIODE LASER PUMPS FOR SOLID STATE LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,934.00

QUANTUM-WIRE LASERS FROM VERTICAL STRAINED-LAYER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $59,870.00

DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-IN-CONTENT PSEUDOMORPHIC HEMTS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE RF COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden , Manager, Electronic Materials
Award Amount: $49,942.00

DEVELOPMENT OF A PLANETARY-MOTION MOCVD REACTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $59,941.00

DUCTILE, ADHERENT CERAMIC COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1990 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James K Hirvonen , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,452.00

SIMOX RADIATION HARD LINEAR BIPOLAR STRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Nasser Karam
Award Amount: $494,565.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed research program is to develop a process for heteroepitaxial deposition of inp on silicon-on-insulator wafers by metalorganic chemical vapor depositon (mocvd). inp is an exceptionally promising semiconductor material for radiation-hard, high-speed, and optoelectronic… More

DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-IN-CONTENT PSEUDOMORPHIC HEMTS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE RF COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden , Manager, Electronic Materials
Award Amount: $492,644.00
Abstract:
There exists an ongoing demand for high-performance transistors in the field of satellite communications. this proposal focuses on high electron mobility transistors (hemts) useful in a variety of microwave applications; specifically, spire proposes to develop the growth of high indium-content… More

DEVELOPMENT OF 780 NM AND 792 NM DIODE LASER PUMPS FOR SOLID STATE LASERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $484,200.00
Abstract:
We propose to develop 780 nanometer and 792 nanometer quantum-well diode laser arrays for use in optically pumping the recently developed tm-activated ho:yag and nd:ylf solid state lasers. the tm,ho:yag laser, emitting in the 2.09 micrometer eye-safe spectral region, has proven effective in… More

VERTICAL MULTIJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS WITH BURIED SILICIDE INTERCONNECTIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Patricia Sekula-moi , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $491,578.00
Abstract:
We propose to study vertical multijunction cells for photovoltaic conversion of high-intensity laser radiation at 1.06 microns. the series-connected multijunction structure results in low series resistance, which is crucial to efficient conversion at the intensity levels contemplated. a small… More

DEVELOPMENT OF A PLANETARY-MOTION MOCVD REACTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $418,000.00
Abstract:
We propose here the development of a metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) system having improved safety aspects and sourceutilization efficiency. our novel design employs a planetary-motion susceptor which is rotated and levitated soley by gas flow streams. this large-capacity production… More

MICROCHANNEL PLATE AMPLIFIERS BY ACCELERATOR BOMBARDMENT ANDPARTICLE TRACK ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Charles C. Blatchley , Manager Wear Measurment Resrch
Award Amount: $49,999.00
Abstract:
This research will investigate a method for fabricating microchannel plates which will preserve the gain and efficiency of existing techniques while improving spatial resolution and response time at least tenfold. this new method is based on accelerator bombardment and particle track etching.… More

COMBINATION EFFLUENT SCRUBBER/HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM FOR SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Dr. James T. Daly , Research Scientist
Award Amount: $49,997.00
Abstract:
The development of a simple, efficient, nonchemistry-specific effluent treatment system would be of tremendous benefit to the semiconductor process industry. the scrubber proposed herein would remove reaction by-products from the process exhaust by condensation onto cryogenically cooled surfaces.… More

NOVEL SILICON-ON-INSULATOR STRUCTURESOFR ENERGY SELECTIVE VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET AND SOFT X-RAY DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Fereydoon Namavar , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,778.00
Abstract:
The fabrication of low defect, ultrathin silicon-on-insulator (soi) substrates using the separation by implantation of oxygen (simox) process has recently been demonstrated. this material is an excellent candidate for fabricating vacuum ultraviolet (vuv) and soft x-ray detectors that (1) are… More

A CERUSSITE THIN-FILM SCINTILLATOR FOR PARTICLE AND GAMMA DETECTION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,823.00
Abstract:
Lead carbonate (pbco3) is a newly discovered inorganic scintillator whose high density (6.7 g/cm(3)), fast fluorescent decay time (5.6 ns), and light output (twice that of bismuth germanate at-40 degrees centigrade) promise better gamma-ray detection efficiency and speed than any other inorganic… More

WIDE-BANDGAP PHOTODIODES FOR SCINTILLATOR READOUT

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Steven J Wojtczuk , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,981.00
Abstract:
The purpose of this phase i project is to make photodiodes from wide-bandgap iii to v materials for use with scintillators in radiation detection systems. the material to be investigated is gallium indium phosphide, ga.52in.48p,which has a bandgap of 1.9 ev and is lattice-matched to gallium… More

RADIATION-TOLERANT MEMBRANES FOR X-RAY LITHOGRAPHY MASKS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson , Sc.d. Director
Award Amount: $49,877.00
Abstract:
X-ray lithography (xrl) requires a mask membrane material which is strong, stable, radiation resistant, and easy to use in xrl systems. in european and japanese programs, silicon carbide membranes and complete masks have been prepared, tested, and shown to confirm the performance expectations for… More

GROWTH OF EPITHELIAL CELLS ON TEXTURED SURFACES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Johnson , Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $49,711.00
Abstract:
The micrometer scale physical topography, or microtexture, of biomaterial surfaces bears strongly on endothelial and soft tissue cell adhesion and growth on these surfaces. ion beam surface texturing technology, developed in this and other laboratories, offers precise control of the size, shape, and… More

IBAD HERMETIC SEALS: IRIDIUM COATINGS FOR NEURAL STIMU

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sioshansi Piran , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,596.00
Abstract:
The contractor will determine the feasibility of developing an ion beam assisted deposition coating of iridium to act asa passivating barrier against water for neural stimulating electrodes. the contractor will determine the feasibility of developing an ion beam assisted deposition coating of… More

LOW DEFECT DENSITY GAAS ON PATTERNED SI

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Nasser Hussein Karam , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $78,385.00
Abstract:
The monolithic integration of gaas based photonic devices (e.g. lasers) with the si based vlsi technology has not yet overcome the high defect density in the gaas (10e6-10e7 per cm2). lasers fabricated in gaas on si die in minutes because of the high density of defects at the gaas/si interface due… More

ENHANCED LOADING CAPACITY AND SERVICE LIFE OF WIRE ROPE CORE MATERIALS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi Phd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,859.00
Abstract:
In 1979 battelle columbus laboratories studied advanced wire rope. however, their excessive cost nullified their utility for improved deck pendent and purchase cable reliability and longer life. alternatively, extra improved plow steel (eip) offers the best cost/technical benefit performance. eip-s… More

LANTHANUM-NITRIDE/SILICON SUPERLATTICE INFRARED DETECTOR BY MOCVD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald Phd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $63,261.00
Abstract:
Lanthanum nitride is a semi-metal with a bandgap of 40mry and a crystal lattice parameter close to that of silicon. it has been suggested that a superlattice of lan and si can be fashioned with an effective gap of 0.1 ev, suitable for long wavelength infrared detection. in phase i, spire will… More

VERTICAL STRAINED LAYER SUPERLATTICE FOR HIGH SPEED OPTOELECTRONICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $50,453.00
Abstract:
Opto/electronic devices one atom in size are the ultimate limit. an array of such devices has maximum possible density and speed. that's our aim. our approach - you have a flight of stairs, and a supply of red and green balls. you drop the balls, and somehow red ones collect on odd-numbered stairs,… More

ATOMIC LAYER EPITAXY OF III-V COMPOUNDS FOR REPRODUCIBLE MULTILAYER NANOSTRUCTURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $61,161.00
Abstract:
The proposed research program will couple atomiclayer epitaxy (ale) with conventional metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) multilayered device structures with ultra-thin (20-2500 a) features. the benefit of this will be higher throughput, yield and reproducibility than can be obtained by… More

GAAS VERTICAL SUPERLATTICES FOR MONOLITHICALLY INTEGRATABLE LWIR DETECTOR ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,936.00
Abstract:
One promising approach to the fabrication of long-wavelength infrared (lwir) detectors is the use of gaag-a1gaas multiple-quantum-well (mqw) structures, although a major difficulty is caused by the fact that, to be detected, the radiation must be parallel tothe heterointerfaces. this is the problem… More

INFECTION RESISTANT CATHETERS\SILVER COATINGS BY ION BEAM ASSISTED DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sioshansi, Piran , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,731.00
Abstract:
Complications related to infection from the use of urinary catheters are currently the most common hospital-acquired maladies. present catheters have surfaces which are too tacky, are prone to infection, and are susceptible to mineral encrustation. spire has developed an innovative process for… More

REMOTE, WIRELESS MONITORING OF POSITRON ESCAPE FOR GAUGING TEMPERATURE AND STRAIN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $48,956.00
Abstract:
This project will investigate the monitoring of strains and temperatures based on the unique electrical properties of positrons at metal surfaces. unlike bound electrons, positrons are often actively expelled from metals due to a net negative work function that can be sensitive to straintemperature.… More

NANOSTRUCTURE DENSE QUANTUM-WIRE ARRAYS FOR ADVANCED OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,658.00
Abstract:
We propose to investigate the patterning and overgrowth of nanostructure quantum-wire arrays in the gaas-algaas system and the potential of this approach for fabricating advanced electronic and photonic devices. this will be achieved by coupling low pressure metalorganic chemical vapor deposition… More

PYROELECTRIC DETECTORS BY EPITAXIAL CVD GROWTH ON SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,655.00
Abstract:
Non-cryogenic, infrared detector arrays suitable for operation between 10 and 16 microns can be fabricated from pyro-electric thin films, such as strontium-barium niobate. detector sensitivity, however, is limited by film thickness. sensitivity can be increased by decreasing film thickness, but… More

SURFACE METALLIZATION OF POLYURETHANE\IMPROVED PACEMAKER LEAD BIOSTABILITY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sioshansi, Piran , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,858.00
Abstract:
The biggest problem with cardiac pacemakers is that the leads, which are often made of polyurethane, are susceptible to biodegradation by enzymatic body fluids. spire has developed an innovative process for deposition of adherent metallic coatings on polymers, ion beam assisted deposition (ibad).… More

RADIATION HARDENING OF CHARGE COUPLED DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,686.00
Abstract:
Analytical methods to select and design radiation hard charge coupled devices (ccds) for applications involving exposure to space radiations. ccds are crucial to the success of many present and proposed nasa missions; the radiation environments they encounter are capable of disabling these critical… More

PROTECTIVE COATING FOR CARBON-CARBON COMPOSITES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,926.00
Abstract:
Carbon-carbon (c-c) has an extremely high strength-to-weightratio and would therefore be the material of choice for hot structures on hypersonic vehicles if its oxidation resistance could be improved. to achieve this objective, a coating system will be developed in which a very thin film of platinum… More

LOW FRICTION, BACTERICIDAL SILVER COATED CATHETERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sioshansi, Piran , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,722.00

Advanced Monolithic GaAs CHBT Technology Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Patricia A. Sekula-moise
Award Amount: $68,000.00

1.3 MICRON IN(ALGA)AS PHOTOVOLTAIC LASER ENERGY CONVERTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,935.00

ION BEAM ASSISTED DEPOSITION: A REPLACEMENT FOR WET CHEMICAL PLATING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi Phd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,894.00

COMMERCIALIZATION OF NEW MOCVD REACTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen J Hogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $48,995.00

AN ORGANIC MOLECULAR SYSTEM FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Joongwoo Ahn , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,948.00

PSEUDOMORPHIC HEMTS FOR MILLIMETER WAVE COMMUNICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $49,760.00

INP-BASED HBTS FOR EXTREMELY HIGH FREQ TRANSMISS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ms Patricia Sekula-moise , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,989.00

SIMOX STRUCTURES FOR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES AND ELECTRO-OPTIC DEVICES IN SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,861.00

SILICON BASED LIGHT EMITTING DIODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1991 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar Scd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,980.00

BLUE PHOSPHORS FOR FULL-COLOR HIGH-DEFINITION VIDEO DISPLAY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam , Senior Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $249,988.00
Abstract:
Thin-film electroluminescent technology now produces matrix-addressed self-luminous flat panels which come very close to providing the capability for high-definition color television. the principal obstacle to advancing this technology to full-color video imaging is the need for a high-brightness,… More

DUCTILE, ADHERENT CERAMIC COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James K Hirvonen , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $238,080.00
Abstract:
This investigation will study superplasticity of ceramic coatings produced by ion assisted deposition, and will determine the utility of such films as ductile overcoats on metal substrates. ion assisted deposition combines physicalvapor deposition of an evaporant with low energy oxygen or nitrogen… More

SIMOX STRUCTURES FOR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES AND ELECTRO-OPTIC DEVICES IN SILICON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $249,938.00
Abstract:
Crystalline silicon is a new material for optical waveguiding in the 1.3 to 1.6 micron wavelength range. this proposal will advance the state-of-the-art of silicon guided-wave optics, especially silicon optical interconnects. we shall investigate a novel, three-dimensional, silicon-on-insulator… More

COMMERCIALIZATION OF NEW MOCVD REACTOR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stephen J Hogan , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $406,288.00
Abstract:
A detailed business plan for the commercialization of a new single wafer metal organic chemical vapor deosition (mocvd) reactor system based on an existing reaction chamber design. a complete top level design will be produced based marketing specefications. design and setup costs will be estimated… More

SILICON BASED LIGHT EMITTING DIODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar Scd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,371.00
Abstract:
Phase i work has resulted in the fabrication of the first all-solid-state pn heterojunction porous si led capable of visible light emission at room temperature. a p-type si wafer was anodically etched in an ethonic hydrofluric acid solution to form a porous silicon surface layer with nanostructure… More

PSEUDOMORPHIC HEMTS FOR MILLIMETER WAVE COMMUNICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $486,412.00
Abstract:
Advances in scientific instrumentation used in deep-space missions have generated a need for high data-transmission rates to earth. it may be economically feasible to use the ka band (27-40 ghz) for up- and down-linking; thus development of monolithic microwave integrated-circuit phased array… More

1.3 MICRON IN(ALGA)AS PHOTOVOLTAIC LASER ENERGY CONVERTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $452,700.00
Abstract:
This project will investigate unique laser-energy converters(lecs) for 1.315 micron (0.943 ev) iodine laser, space powersystems. the goal is to convert 40-50 percent of the incident laser power of 500-1000 w/cm(2) to electrical power. to achieve the optimum 0.94 ev bandgap, metalorganic chemical… More

LARGE AREA DISTRIBUTED ELECTRONICS ON GLASS BY ION IMPLANTATION OF SILICON-GERMANIUM ALLOYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This project addresses the integrated production of detector and readout electronics for superconducting super collider (ssc) microstrip detectors. thin film transistor (tft) circuitry being developed for flat panel displays is radiation resistant, can be used for digital signal processing, and can… More

REAL-TIME SUBSONIC FLOW VECTOR PROBE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C. Blatchley
Award Amount: $49,418.00
Abstract:
Proposed research will incorporate five lithographically-generated mic roscopic hot-film anemometers into a single microscopic hot-dome probe . this will allow accurate, local measurement of all three components fo airflow velocity. feasibility of a macroscopic thin film resistor on such a probe has… More

SILICON FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,993.00
Abstract:
Spire recently demonstrated bright visible light emission from silicon quantum wires. silicon substrates were electrochemically etched to produce a porous surface with nanometer size si columns (quantum wires). when excited with a blue laser beam, or uv light (photoluminescence), or when immersed in… More

HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTING COATINGS ON NON-PLANAR SURFACES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,865.00
Abstract:
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) of high temperature superconducting materials has been shown to be feasible, and films deposited to date on flat substrates have electrical properties comparable to the best reported results. however, to take advantage of mocvd to coat odd shapes, such… More

Growth of Boron Phosphide for High Temperature Electronic Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $49,023.00
Abstract:
Invent a material good for transistors running at 2000 degrees Fahrenheit and the world will beat a path to your door. That's what the Spire Corporation hopes wil happen; Spire proposes to take advantage of boron phosphide's potential as a high-temperature, wide-bandgap electronic material.… More

IMPROVED FRETTING OF TITANIUM ALLOYS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon , Namavar
Award Amount: $49,960.00
Abstract:
Device performance of gaas metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (mesfets) on conventional semi-insulating gaas substrates has been limited by backgate or sidegate effects which can lead to undesirable cross-talk between neighboringdevices and thus impose limits on packing densities.… More

IMPROVED DIAMOND POLISHING THROUGH AN ION IMPLANTATION ASSISTED TECHNIQUE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi , Section Manager
Award Amount: $49,949.00
Abstract:
Diamond, because of its hardness, chemical inertness, optical transparency over a wide range of wavelengths, thermal conducitivity, and electrical resistivity, is an edcellent material for many applications. synthetic diamondand diamond films have been suggested for use as abrasives, bearing and… More

High-Sensitivity, Low-Noise Visible Imaging of YAG-Laser-Illuminated Scenes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $49,106.00
Abstract:
Somebody's taking a bead on your satellite and you're blissfully unaware? Not if Spire can help it! This little group of entrepreneurs proposes a new infrared-detector sensitive to the 1.06 micron YAG-laser light used by just about everyone for target designation and ranging. Sure, GaAs… More

GaAs-Ge Alloys for High-Speed Transistors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M. Vernon
Award Amount: $49,334.00
Abstract:
If you need high-speed, high-power transistor today, you'll probably opt for an HBT (heterojunction bipolar transistor). And you'll have to put up with its limitations, some of which are due to dopants moving from their proper place in the structure. But Spire thinks it can improve the growth… More

HIGH RESISTIVITY ION-IMPLANTED GAAS BUFFER LAYERS FOR INTEGRATED PHOTONICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Sc.d.
Award Amount: $49,338.00
Abstract:
The performance of gaas-integrated circuits has been limited by backgate or sidegate effects which can lead to undesirable cross-talk between neighboring devices and impose limits on device packing den- sity. recent research has shown that incorpoating a gaas buffer layer grown at low temperatures… More

GALLIUM NITRIDE PHOSPHORS FOR DISPLAY APPLICATIONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $49,580.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to develop a sequence of advanced deposition and processing techniques for creating superior nitride semiconductor films (alloys of a1n, gan, and inn) suitable for producing full color, flat targeted at nitrides, deploy ion implantation to introduce p-type dopants and color centers,… More

Two-color, Bias Selectable, HgCdTe IR Detector by MOCVD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Robert G. Wolfson, Phd
Award Amount: $49,941.00
Abstract:
Seeing in the dark or looking through haze is easy if you know how; Spire Corporation has invented infrared "eyes" which peer through two atmospheric windows simultaneously, spotting both hot (vehicles) and warm (people) targets at the same time. It takes two separate detectors to do this now but,… More

Laser Beam Steering with SIMOX Waveguide

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska, Phd
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
The ability to rapidly and randomly steer a laser beam is critical to the success of free-space satellite-based laser radar systems for missile defense and target tracking. By extending SIMOX waveguide technology, Spire will demonstrate multi-dimensional, all-electronic laser beam steering. Parallel… More

ION BEAM POLISHING FOR ULTRA-SHARP DIAMOND BLADES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $43,570.00
Abstract:
A prerequisite for diamond keratotomy blades is that they be extremely sharp. this presents a problem, since polishing these instruments is difficult and time consuming. conventional mechanical polishing typically produces a tip width of 1 micron or greater, whereas a tip width of less than 0.5… More

Improved Heat Removal by Microscopic Surface Texturing of Capillaries

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Charles C. Blatchley, Phd
Award Amount: $49,995.00
Abstract:
Future space power and propulsion systems will be hot, hotter than materials can stand. They'll need active cooling for the toughest spots, either heat pipes (with recoverable coolant) or fuel channels. In general, heat transfer in these devices improves as capillary sizes shrink, but they cannot be… More

Multi-Quantum Well Lateral-Field-Effect Electro-Refraction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $49,765.00
Abstract:
Band gap resonant optical non-linearities in III-V compound semiconductor materials provide the basis for novel components, allowing advances in optical signal processing. Of particular interest are temporal and spatial light modulators, which find applications in optical interconnects, optical… More

GaAs-Ge Alloys for Optical Processing at 1.3-1.5 microns

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $50,458.00
Abstract:
Fast electronics talking to optical circuits built right on the same chip are everybody's goal; problem is, it's not so easy to get there with infrared optics. Spire proposes a clever way around this, doubly clever because it's based on well known materials and methods combined in new ways. Starting… More

TWO-COLOR BIAS SELECTABLE PHOTODIODES FOR THERMOGRAPHY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nasser H Karam
Award Amount: $49,476.00
Abstract:
We will fabricate hgcdte, front-side illuminated, electrically selectable, two-color infrared detector arrays for high resolution biomedical thermography. temperature resolutions of 0.01 degrees centigrade should be achievable with these devices. the device is a two terminal, n-p-n heterostructure… More

SURFACE METALLIZATION OF DEFRIBRILLATOR LEADS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $48,479.00
Abstract:
Defibrillating electrodes applied direcly to the heart work successfully when the effective contact area between electrode and myocardium is large. researchers have noted that large patch leads defibrillate more effectively than small ones, and that leads in intimate contact work better that those… More

COMPACT IMPLANTABLE POWER SOURCES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Edward A Burke
Award Amount: $48,722.00
Abstract:
The aim of this program is to develop energy-dense long-lived implantable power sources ranging from microwatts to several watts. the core of the device is radioisotope-powered indium phosphide voltaic cell expected to achieve energy densities over ten thousand times that of the best chemical… More

ION BEAM ASSISTED THIN FILM ELECTODES/NERVE ACTIVATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $49,851.00
Abstract:
Simple cuff electodes, because they are easily fabricated, easily implanted, and highly reliable, have been the workhorse electrodes for most of the clinically applied neural prostheses in spite of their "off-on" characteristics. while electrodes that permit graduated neural activation would yield… More

ULTRA-LOW FRICTION, BIOCOMPATIBLE COATING FOR GUIDEWIRES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $48,804.00
Abstract:
Ion beam assisted deposition (ibad) will be used as a method of producing a thin, ultra-low (

AN EXPERT SYSTEM FOR PLANNING, DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT SUP

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Ph.d. , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $48,962.00

Ion Doped Quantum Well Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Phd
Award Amount: $49,823.00

High Energy Density Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Phd
Award Amount: $48,050.00

ION IMPLANTED PHOSPHORS FOR FULL COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $49,218.00

Expendable High Energy Density Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $49,926.00

Radioisotope-Powered Voltaic Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Edward Burke
Award Amount: $50,000.00

SILICON NITRIDE MEMBRANE BOLOMETER FOR OPERATION AT HE3 TEMPERATURES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nassar H. Karam Ph.d.
Award Amount: $49,982.00

MONOLITHIC INTEGRATED HETERODYNE RECEIVER CHIP

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dr. H. Paul Maruska , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,352.00

LOW-COST MICROSTRIP DETECTORS ON CONDUCTIVITY-MODIFIED KAPTON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $50,000.00

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY POWER SOURCES: A COMBINATION OF NEW SEMICONDUCTORS AND RADIONUCLIDES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $50,000.00

SIMULATION TESTBED FOR PLANETARY VEHICLE IMAGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1992 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nasser H. Karam, Ph.d. , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $49,460.00

INP-BASED HBTS FOR EXTREMELY HIGH FREQ TRANSMISS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ms Patricia Sekula-moise , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $732,744.00
Abstract:
Millimeter waves are an integral part of satellite communicaitons, electronic warfare, and missile radar. until recently, the prospects of amplifying significant levels of millimeter power using solid state devices have depended on impatt diodes which exhibit low efficiency and reliability. spire… More

ION BEAM ASSISTED DEPOSITION: A REPLACEMENT FOR WET CHEMICAL PLATING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi Phd , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $478,000.00
Abstract:
In recent years, corrosion and oxidation resistant plating processes have come under criticism from the government regulatory bodies (e.g., environmental protection agency, epa, and occupational safety and health administration, osha). in particular, cadmium and chromium plating practices are under… More

AN ORGANIC MOLECULAR SYSTEM FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Joongwoo Ahn , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $248,933.00
Abstract:
Applications of nonlinear optical (nlo) materials to technologies such as optical signal processing, switching and computing systems, has been intensively studied during the last decade. still, the lack of nlo materials with enhanced second and third order susceptibility limits development of these… More

LOW FRICTION, BACTERICIDAL SILVER COATED CATHETERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sioshansi, Piran , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $499,886.00
Abstract:
Catheters which are currently produced have a tacky surface which makes insertion difficult and can result in a number of complications. the phase i research project will develop a silver coating which can be deposited on the catheter to transform the tacky surface into a lubricous, low friction… More

LOW-COST MICROSTRIP DETECTORS ON CONDUCTIVITY-MODIFIED KAPTON

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $499,938.00
Abstract:
Detectors for the superconducting super collider (ssc) must have extreme spatial (30 mum) and time (15 ns) resolution. the detectors must operate reliably through temperature and humidity changes in harsh radiation environments. gas microstrip chambers, a solid-state realization of traditional… More

HIGH ENERGY DENSITY POWER SOURCES: A COMBINATION OF NEW SEMICONDUCTORS AND RADIONUCLIDES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $499,462.00
Abstract:
The planned program is developing high energy density, long-life, reliable power sources for space applications such as auxiliary electric power for satellites. the core of the device is a radioisotope-powered indium phosphide voltaic cell that can achieve energy densities more than 10,000 times… More

Radioisotope-Powered Voltaic Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Edward Burke
Award Amount: $698,098.00
Abstract:
Spire's program will develop a high energy density, long life power source for space applications such as Brilliant Pebbles and Brilliant Eyes. The essential element of the proposed device consists of a radioisotope powered indium phosphide voltaic cell that can achieve an energy density over ten… More

Ion Doped Quantum Well Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Phd
Award Amount: $300,000.00
Abstract:
Diode lasers are great, but not temperature stable. Keeping the frequency constant, essential for communications, requires exotic (read expensive) heavy cooling systems. Investigators at Spire think they have a better way: build a laser diode whose frequency is naturally stable, as in ionic lasers… More

High Energy Density Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Phd
Award Amount: $499,000.00
Abstract:
A capacitor storing a thousand times more energy than is possible today is the carrot offered by this Spire Corporation proposal. To get there, Spire will exploit its ability to grow exotic thin-film dielectric layers by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Everything has to go just… More

Design and Modeling of 2-5 um Quantum Confinement Lasers of InAs/GaInAs/InP

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
This program will model various laser structures with 1, 2, and 3-dimensional carrier confinement in the InAs/GaInAs/InP material system. The innovative choice of this system is based on the fact that it is relatively easy to grow. The GaInAs/InP system is widely used for fabricating 1.3 um and 1.55… More

Agile InAlAs/InGaAs Multi-Quantum Well Fabry-Perot Filter

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $69,664.00
Abstract:
Band-gap-resonant optical non-linearities in III-V compound semiconductor materials provide the basis for novel components, allowing advances in optical signal processing. Of particular interest to future Air Force efforts are electrically tuned multi-element spectral filters, which can be utilized… More

Textured Metal Radiator For Direct Thermophotovoltaic Energy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Charles C. Blatchley Phd
Award Amount: $73,665.00
Abstract:
In thermophotovoltaics, an incandescent radiator illuminates a photovoltaic cell which converts radiant heat to electrical energy. thermophotovoltaic systems are attractive for space power since, in principle, they can achieve conversion efficiencies considerably higher than the 6% to 8%… More

Si-based Blue Light Emitting Diode

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Scd
Award Amount: $74,511.00
Abstract:
UNDER AN ONGING SDIO-FUNDED SBIR PROGRAM, SPIRE RECENTLY DEMONSTRATED THE FIRST Si-BASED VISIBLE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES (LED), OBTAINING COLORS RANGING FROM RED THROUGH YELLOW. THESE Si DEVICES WERE PRODUCED AS NANODIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES FROM P-TYPE SUBSTRATES BY ELECTROCHEMICAL ETCHING. THE SHORTER… More

Ordered Gallium Indium Phosphide as a New Nonlinear Optical Material

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $76,193.00
Abstract:
We propose development of ordered Ga1-xInxP grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on GaAs as a material showing very strong nonlinear optical (NLO) effects. With a bandgap of approximately 1.85 eV, lattice-matched, ordered Ga1-xInxP (x = 0.49) is useful as an NLO material with… More

Diamond Coated Insulators for Energetic Plasma Environments

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Ramesh B. Patel
Award Amount: $76,643.00
Abstract:
Many plasma systems require electrical insulators that are exposed to energetic particles, ultraviolet radiation, x-rays, high rf and dc electric fields, and heating; the insulator surface and structure can be damaged by the plasma environment, causing degradation of system life-time and… More

Radiation-Hard CCD Detectors and Imagers for Space Applications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Sc.d.
Award Amount: $74,929.00
Abstract:
Silicon-on-insulator (SOI) materials have been used extensively to fabricate electronic circuitry which must operate in harsh radiation environments. Spire proposes to extend the advantage of radiationi hardness to highly efficient visible light detectors andimagers by building them on SOI… More

Ion Polishing Of Polycrystalline Diamond Interceptor Windows

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Johnson
Award Amount: $69,320.00
Abstract:
Chemical vapor deposition (cvd) and related processes have been developed for applying synthetic diamond films for this application. however, in spite of recent progress, cvd diamond is still unsatisfactory, because the deposits are polycrystalline in form with grains of varying sizes and… More

High End-of-life Power Density InP-on-Ge Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczuk, Phd
Award Amount: $57,119.00
Abstract:
InP SOLAR CELLS POSSESS UNIQUE INTRINSIC RADIATION HARDNESS AND SELFRECOVERY MECHANISMS WHICH MAKE THEM AN ENABLING TECHNOLOGY, ALLOWING MISSIONS IN HIGH-RADIATION ORBITS IN THE VAN ALLEN BELTS PREVIOUSLY AVOIDED WITH GaAs AND Si CELL TECHNOLOGIES. ONE-SUN InP CELLS EXCEEDING 19% EFFICIENCY AT AMO… More

Epitaxial MOCVD of Thin Film Ceramics for Pyroelectric Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $49,940.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to deposit very thin films of lead-titanate by Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD) for use as pyroelectric detectors. A multilayer structure will be fabricated to create an epitaxial, thermally isolated detector element with higher sensitivity than that of the thick films… More

INDIUM GALLIUM ARSENIDE THERMOPHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY CONVERTERS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Steven Wojtczuk
Award Amount: $67,820.00
Abstract:
Thermophotovoltaic indium gallium arsenide (ingaas) cells are proposed for converging energy from a radioisotope power source, the general purpose heat source (gphs), into electricity withconversion efficiencies considerably higher than those obtained with thermoelectric generation. in gaas is a… More

SI-BASED BLUE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $49,967.00
Abstract:
Spire recently fabricated the first yellow- and orange-emitting heterojunctio light-emitting diode (led) based on silicon. these devices were fabricated by depositing a transparent n-type semiconductor (indium-tin-oxide) on the porous surface of electrochemically-etched p-type si wafers. the key to… More

DEPOSITION OF YTTRIUM STABILIZED ZIRCONIA ON SILICON TO FORM SILICON ON INSULATOR SUBSTRATES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald
Award Amount: $50,000.00
Abstract:
Heteroepitaxial growth of yttria stabilized zirconia (ysz) on silicon, which can be used for silicon-on-insulator and as a substrate for ferroelectric and high temperature superconducting materials is being demonstrated. because it offers potential improvements in the quality of today's technologies… More

QUANTUM CONFINEMENT EFFECTS IN HETEROEPITAXIAL SILICON/ZINC SULFIDE (SI/ZNS) NANOSTRUCTURES PRODUCED BY METALLO-ORGANIC CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr H Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $74,788.00
Abstract:
Silicon multiquantum wells with lattice matched zns barriers will be grown on silicon substrates by organometallic chemical vapor deposition. such silicon nanostructures are expected to exhibit the same quantum confinement effects that have already been reported for porous silicon, but now with a… More

Enchanced Resolution Mammography X-Ray Detector

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Edward A. Johnson
Award Amount: $49,621.00
Abstract:
The objective is to develop a detector with better resolution and greater sensitivity than existing X-ray film, thus permitting both earlier discovery of tumors and reduced exposure of patients to ionizing radiation. The system will be based upon gas microstrip detectors (GMDs), a new technology… More

IMPROVED SOURCES OF SPIN-POLARIZED ELECTRONS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $74,695.00
Abstract:
Photocathodes that produce polarized electrons are a vital component of the electron colliders used in high energy physics experiments, such as those at the stanford linear accelerator center (slac). the yields of electrons from today's photocathodes are low, reducing the effectiveness of these… More

Elimination of Infections in External Fixation Devices

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $49,940.00
Abstract:
A research plan is described to establish the feasibility of using ion beam processes to reduce or eliminate pin tract infection in external fixation devices. A process will be developed for producing bacteriostatic, biocompatible surfaces. Anti-bacterial properties will be evaluated via in vitro… More

X-Ray Detector Arrays for Emission-Computed Tomography

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $49,515.00
Abstract:
The detector will consist of two silicon PIN junctions on either side of a high atomic number metal. The PIN junctions would be operated under reverse bias to deplete the intrinsic region, maximize sensitivity, and increase response speed. Quantum efficiency of the detector will be markedly enhanced… More

Rare-earth-doped Porous Si Intrafed LEDs for High-speed Fiber-optic Communications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $73,378.00

Feedback-Controlled, MetalOrganic-Chemical-Vapor-Deposition Reactor for the Indium-Gallium-Arsenic-Phosphorus Materials System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nasser H. Karam
Award Amount: $49,983.00

CVD Zirconia Coating on CO-CR Orthopedic Implants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $49,895.00

MOCVD-Produced InAs/GaInSb Strained Layer Superlattice for Infrared Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Nasser H Karam, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $49,615.00

Oblique-Angle, Ion-Beam Sputtering for Mirror Finishing and Polishing

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Charles C. Blatchley
Award Amount: $49,862.00

Compact, Reliable Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Source

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi-Kang Pu
Award Amount: $49,826.00

Advanced Spiral Cuff Electrode Fabrication

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $49,974.00

QUANTUM-WIRE LASERS FROM VERTICAL STRAINED-LAYER

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $478,337.00

Advanced Monolithic GAAs CHBT Technology Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1993 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald, Ph.d
Award Amount: $72,661.00

Rare-earth-doped Porous Si Intrafed LEDs for High-speed Fiber-optic Communications

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $270,000.00
Abstract:
This program will develop high power diode lasers in compact packages with fiber optic output. The approach will involve design, fabrication, and mounting of single high power CW diode laser array bars and the fiber pigtailing of these bars into completed laser modules. The approach will be to use… More

Thin-film Nonlinear Optical Material: Ordered Ga(1-x)In(x)P On GaAs

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $76,193.00
Abstract:
GROWTH OF OEDERED Ga(1-x)In(x)P ON GaAs, AS A THIN FILM MATERIAL SHOWING VERY STRONG NONLINEAR OPTICAL (nlo) EFFECTS, WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED BY METALORGANIC CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION (MOCVD). IT IS WELL KNOWN THAT MOCVD-GROWN Ga(1-x)In(x)P DISPLAYS VERY STRONG ORDERING OF THE Ga- AND In-SUBLATTICES,… More

Myocardial Revasc Diffrac Limited Fiber-Tip Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Paul Maruska H.
Award Amount: $74,942.00
Abstract:
Myocardial infarction is the major pathological killer in America, resulting in the deaths of morethan 500,000 persons each year. Despite important advances which have been made in preventing andtreating atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, coronary artery impairments continue to constitute… More

MOCVD OF INT1SB FOR LONG-WAVELENGTH IR DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam, Phd
Award Amount: $61,185.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to design and fabricate In(-1-x)Tl(-x)Sb long-wavelength (8 to 12 micrometers) infrared detectors. Theoretical calculations predict that InTlSb offers many potential advantages over HgCdTe and III-V quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIP). Its higher mechanical strength and better… More

One Joule Diode Laser for Glaucoma Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt Linden
Award Amount: $74,919.00
Abstract:
Recent developments have led to the availability of three joule pulsed diode laser arrays. ThisPhase I research study is designed to establish the feasibility of an inexpensive fiber-coupled,two-dimensional laser diode array generating one joule of pulsed energy to vaporize and drillsclerostomies in… More

Low-Power, Full-Color Display Panels Based on Thin-Film Electroluminescent Devices and Porous Polysilicon Light Emitters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $69,635.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to demonstrate visible electroluminescent (EL) devices fabricated on porous polysilicon thin films on glass substrates which can operate at an applied bias of only a few volts. In Phase II, a working matrix of red, green, and blue (RGB) EL devices for a full-color display panel will… More

Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Grown InAs/GaInSb Strained Layer Superlattices for Infrared Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Nasser H. Karam, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $59,992.00
Abstract:
We propose to design and fabricate a two-color detector using InAs/GaInSb strained-layer superlattices (SLS) operating in the 8 to 20 um wavelength region. In the proposed design, superlattices with different periods corresponding to two different wavelengths will be stacked with a thick common… More

LASER DIODE ARRAYS FOR RAPID SURFACE HEATING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald
Award Amount: $64,749.00
Abstract:
Researchers are testing the use of laser diode arrays focused directly onto the work piece for rapid heating of materials. laser diode arrays are much smaller and more efficient than flash lamps or other electrically powered lasers, such as co2. an instrument the size of a hot air blower could… More

VERY LOW-COST/HIGH-EFFICIENCY THIN-FILM SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC TECHNOLOGY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Anton C Greenwald
Award Amount: $74,992.00
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to achieve a cost reduction on the order of 50% in thin-film photovoltaic (pv) technology by developing a high-efficiency chemical vapor deposition (cvd) silicon cell utilizing a low-cost substrate. in phase i a surface relief structure will be formed on a glass… More

X-RAY CADMIUM-ZINC-TELLURIDE FOCAL PLANE ARRAYS FOR MEDICAL IMAGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $74,951.00
Abstract:
A new cadmium-zinc-telluride (cd(zn)te) linear x-ray focal plane array for scanning and staring medical imaging applications is being studied. the design is based on cd(zn)te photodiodes, fabricated using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (mocvd) and advanced array processing technology. … More

TWO-DIMENSIONAL X-RAY COLLIMATION GRID BY ION BEAM ETCHING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward D Halverson
Award Amount: $64,671.00
Abstract:
The state-of-the-art x-ray image enhancing device is the bucky grid which allows primary radiation to pass through unimpeded while stopping the passage of scattered radiation from reaching the x-ray film and fogging the image. grids consist of a system of vertical lamellae made of alternating… More

MICROCHANNEL PLATES FABRICATED BY TRACK ETCH LITHOGRAPHY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Charles C Blatchley
Award Amount: $74,981.00
Abstract:
Tiny channels can be formed in polymers and glass by chemical etching along columns of radiation damage created by alpha particle bombardment through microscopic holes in a dense mask. the objective of phase i research is to determine whether a dense packing of these channels, carried through the… More

Two color, Bias Selectable, HgCdTe Airborne Multispectrum Sensor Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Nasser H. Karam, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $69,304.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to design a multispectral infrared camera basaed on a two-color bias-selectable focal plane array fabricated in HgCdTe prepared by MOCVD. The proposed detector is a two terminal, HgCdTe, n-p-n heterostructure which can be thought of as two back-to-back diodes. Through proper selection… More

FULL COLOR THIOGALLATE TFEL FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS BY ION IMPLANTATION

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: H Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $64,693.00
Abstract:
Due to their smaller size, weight, and reduced power requirements, flat panel displays (fpds) based on ac-driven thin film electroluminescent phosphors are emerging as a highly desirable alternative to traditional cathode ray tubes (crts). at present, however, no single phosphor material is capable… More

HIGH GROWTH RATE ATOMIC LAYER EPITAXY OF GAN AND ALGAN FOR ADVANCED OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nasser H Karam
Award Amount: $64,914.00
Abstract:
Researchers are demonstrating atomic layer epitaxy (ale) of gan/ain structures at growth rates exceeding 1 micron/hr in an innovative reactor which employs continuously flowing, yet spatially separate, gas streams and a moving substrate to expose the wafer surface to alternating fluxes of group iii… More

Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors Featuring Epitaxial ZnGeN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska, Phd
Award Amount: $60,034.00
Abstract:
SPIRE PROPOSES TO DEVELOP FOR THE FIRST TIME DEPOSITION TECHNIQUES FOR CREATING THIN FILMS OF ZnGeN(2) OF HIGH CRYSTALLINE PERFECTION TO SERVE AS THE BASE IN HIGH TEMPERATURE HETEROJUNCTION TRANSISTORS. THE FINAL TRANSISTOR STRUCTURE, TO BE DEMONSTRATED IN PHASE II, WILL RELY ON GALLIUM NITRIDE… More

Process Control for CdZnTe Alternative Substrates by MOCVD

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Nasser Karam
Award Amount: $81,470.00
Abstract:
Alternative growth substrates such as CdZnTe/GaAs/Si promise to reduce the manufacturing cost of today's advanced infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs). Current MOCVD growth processes operate in an uncontrolled mode and require frequent calibration runs to maintain reproducibility. This results in… More

"Photistors": Optoelectronic Switches

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczk
Award Amount: $84,193.00

Reduced Volume Capacitor for In Vivo Defibrillator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anton Greenwald
Award Amount: $75,006.00

Red-IR Diode Laser for Combined PDT and Laser Hyperthermia

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Harvey Serreze
Award Amount: $76,097.00

Highly Reliable Carbon-doped HBTs for Microwave Power Generation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Pascale M. Gouker, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $59,864.00

Feedback-Controlled, MetalOrganic-Chemical-Vapor-Deposition Reactor for the Indium-Gallium-Arsenic-Phosphorus Materials System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nasser H. Karam
Award Amount: $499,924.00

POROUS POLYSILICON LIGHT EMITTERS FOR MONOLITHICALLY-INTEGRATED THIN FILM ELECTROLUMINESCENT (FTEL) DISPLAY PANELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader M Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $64,681.00

HIGH ENERGY RESOLUTION CADMIUM-ZINC-TELLURIDE SEMICONDUCTOR RADIATION DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $74,955.00

Compact, Reliable Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation Source

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Yi-Kang Pu
Award Amount: $492,779.00

Integrated CDTE/CDS photodiodes on scintillators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $74,935.00

High-Energy-Density Capacitors by Aerosol Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1994 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $69,928.00

ION IMPLANTED PHOSPHORS FOR FULL COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $496,558.00
Abstract:
A key to high definition, full-color, flat panel displays with improved luminance, chromaticity, efficiency, and low manufacturing cost is replacement of powdered phosphors with thin film phosphors. the new phosphors are needed in color plasma displays, field emission displays, thin film… More

Expendable High Energy Density Capacitors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $375,000.00
Abstract:
Improved energy density capacitors are needed for strategic and tactical missiles and pulsed power terrestrial installations. Current performance is limited by processing technology and not inherent material properties. Spire Corporation proposes development of a multilayer, thin film capacitor… More

Advanced Monolithic GAAs CHBT Technology Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton C Greenwald, Ph.d
Award Amount: $739,870.00
Abstract:
Erbium-arsenide is a metallic alloy with a crystal lattice parameter close to that of GaAs. If a superlattice of these materials can be fabricated, and if its electrical properties are similar to those of the superlattice of the metallic alloy HgTe and the semiconductor CdTe, then an ErAs/GaAs… More

CVD Zirconia Coating on CO-CR Orthopedic Implants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $749,992.00
Abstract:
Long-term performance of orthopaedic joint prostheses is now limited by wear. Surface coatings have been shown to be effective in reducing this wear, but each metal alloy system requires a different treatment. Spire's ion implantation process has been used effectively to reduce titanium wear through… More

High-Energy-Density Capacitors by Aerosol Combustion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald
Award Amount: $599,943.00
Abstract:
Improved energy density capacitors are needed to reduce the size of spacecraft components. Current performance (-2 J/cm3) is limited by processing technology and not by inherent material properties. Spire proposes to use metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) with spray injection of… More

Reduced Volume Capacitor for In Vivo Defibrillator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Anton Greenwald
Award Amount: $727,440.00
Abstract:
Over one-third the volume of in-the-body heart defibrillators is devoted to the capacitor, whichconsumes approximately 20 cm3; this volume could be reduced to less than 1 cm3 using provenintegrated circuit technology. Employing metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), we will formthin film… More

Advanced Spiral Cuff Electrode Fabrication

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $747,814.00
Abstract:
Because they are easily fabricated, easily implanted, and highly reliable, simple cuff electrodes have been the workhorse electrodes for most of the clinically applied neural prostheses in spite of their "off- on" characteristics. While electrodes that permit graduated neural activation would yield… More

HIGH ENERGY RESOLUTION CADMIUM-ZINC-TELLURIDE SEMICONDUCTOR RADIATION DETECTORS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $746,382.00
Abstract:
There is a need for improved, miniaturized radiation detectors for on-site measurements of containers of nuclear material, particularly uranium and plutonium. detectors currently available require cryogenic cooling (high-purity germanium) or lack the energy resolution necessary to verify plutonium… More

Very High Pressure MOCVD for the Reduction of Phosphine Consumption During InP Growth

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Victor E. Haven
Award Amount: $77,891.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes an innovative, very high pressure MOCVD reaction chamber, to reduce phosphine consumption and hazardous waste generation by up t ten times during InP growth. The future of InP based electronics depends greatly on reducing phosphine consumption and associated reactive waste byproducts… More

Carbonized Ultrathin Si on SiO2 (SICOI): A Compliant Substrate for Growth of Epitaxial GaN and AlN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / NAVY
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Sc.d.
Award Amount: $68,577.00
Abstract:
Phase I proposes to fabricate low-defect, high-quality silicon carbide on ultrathin silicon-on-insulator (SOI) structures as a lattice-matched substrate for growth of GaN by atomic layer epitaxy (ALE) . Preliminary results clearly demonstrated superior quality B-SiC grown on ultrathin (about 300A)… More

"Photistors": Optoelectronic Switches

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczk
Award Amount: $372,785.00
Abstract:
Spire proposes to investigate unique, linear, sensitive, optically triggered, electronic switches that will enable new progress in antenna switching and reconfiguration and in microwave control. Such devices are dual-use technology, desired by both defense and commercial antenna manufacturers.… More

Red Diode Lasers for Photodynamic Therapy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Harvey Serreze
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
Present high-power red (630- 700 nm) diode lasers do not fully meet medical instrumentation marketbecause both power and lifetime are limited by catastrophic- optical-mirror-damage (COMD). Proposedmeans of overcoming this problem to provide a transparent, lattice- matched, semiconductor window… More

Ion Implanted Thin Film Zinc Gallate Phosphors for Field Emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $64,989.00

Low-Cost, Large-Area, High-Resistivity Substrates for Gas Microstrip Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsan
Award Amount: $74,800.00

Plasma Deposition and Modeling of Thin-Film, High-Bandgap Nitrides

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $78,400.00

Hermetically Sealed Susceptors for Wafer Fabrication Lines

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi
Award Amount: $64,919.00

Large-Area Silicon-Carbide-On-Insulator Substrates For High-Temperature Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,991.00

High Power Density III-V Cells for Ultralight Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Steven J. Wojtczuk
Award Amount: $77,359.00

Low-Cost, Low-Noise, Filterless Solar-Blind Ultraviolet Detectors On Silicon-On-Insulator Structures For Hydrogen Fire Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran , Staff Research Scientist
Award Amount: $69,950.00

High-Efficiency Silicon-Based Visible Light Emitting Diodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $64,999.00

Ion Implanted Thin Film Phosphors For Head Mounted Field Emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,989.00

Blue Indium-Gallium-Nitride Leds For Plant Growth And Development

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,901.00

Self-Q-Switched, Independently-Addressable, Miniature Laser Arrays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Harvey B. Serreze , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,862.00

Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting LED/Laser Based on Er- Doped Porous Poly-Si on Glass Substrates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $64,920.00

Aluminum-Gallium-Nitrogen-Indium Short-Pass Optical Filters For Electronic Imaging Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1995 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,974.00

Red-IR Diode Laser for Combined PDT and Laser Hyperthermia

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Harvey Serreze
Award Amount: $444,393.00
Abstract:
The objective of Phase I is to establish the feasibility of building and utilizing a diode laser-based instrument for combined photodynamic therapy (PDT) and laser hyperthermia treatment of malignant tumors. Use of PDT in conjunction with laser hyperthermia to treat cancerous tissue offers potential… More

Integrated CDTE/CDS photodiodes on scintillators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $750,000.00
Abstract:
We will develop a new X-ray detector by monolithically integrating photodiodes on ceramicscintillators for X-ray computed tomography (XCT). The detector will have a CdTe/CdS photodiodefabricated directly on the scintillator instead of the mechanically stacked Si photodiodes in current use.Reduced… More

Plasma Deposition and Modeling of Thin-Film, High-Bandgap Nitrides

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $643,737.00
Abstract:
Plasma dynamics and plasma-surface interactions are central to many thin film deposition processes, but in spite of their importance, are not well understood theoretically or empirically. There has been even less study of the plasma deposition physics of the high-bandgap nitrides GaN, AlN, InN, and… More

High Power Density III-V Cells for Ultralight Aircraft

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Dr Steven J. Wojtczuk
Award Amount: $543,309.00
Abstract:
Ultralight III-V solar cells are proposed to extend the mission duration of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). Silicon panels used with an already flying UAV have panel power densities of 400 W/kg, using 15% AM0 thin (110 um) silicon cells. Here we propose using even thinner (8 um), higher efficiency… More

Low Cost Thin Film Electroluminescent Heat Mounted Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Themis Parodos
Award Amount: $98,961.00
Abstract:
Spire and its subcontractor, Westinghouse/Norden Systems, propose development of color, thin film electroluminescent (TFEL) head mounted displays (HMDs) using passive matrix addressing and indium bump-bonded drive electronics. Passive matrix addressing vastly simplifies fabrication and improves… More

2.3 Micrometer Sensitive, High Speed, Extended InGaAs Avalanche Photodiodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $99,645.00
Abstract:
In Phase I, Spire will epitaxially grow, fabricate, and test two types of avalanche photodiodes (APDs) using 0.55 eV (2.3 mm cutoff wavelength) indium gallium arsenide In0.72Ga0.28As. This material will be "extended" past the common 0.74 eV lattice-matched In0.53Ga0.47As by use of an InxGa1-xAs… More

Environmental Benign Ion Beam-Based Flame Retardant Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Piran Sioshansi , Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $49,894.00
Abstract:
A fire fighter's ability to effectively combat fire is strongly dependant on the degree to which his clothing limits exposure to heat and flame. Available heat- and flame-retardant garments significantly increase exposure, but use environmentally hazardous additives; additionally, further… More

Large-Area Silicon-Carbide-On-Insulator Substrates For High-Temperature Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $585,336.00

Coplanar CdZnTe p-i-n, Gamma-Ray Detectors for Nuclear Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rengarajan Sudharsana , Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $74,982.00

SURFACE MODIFICATION OF UHMWPE FOR REDUCED WEAR

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,798.00

SBIR Phase I: Ultrathin SiC-on-Insulator (SiCOI) for ALE Growth of Low-Defect GaN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $74,950.00

SBIR PHASE I: Wavelength-Multiplexed, Quantum Cascade LaserSpectrometer

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Kurt Linden
Award Amount: $74,916.00

Nanocrystalline Superhard, Ductile Ceramic Coatings for Roller Cone Bit Bearings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $74,962.00

CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION OF TURBINE THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald , Senior Scientist Optoelectonic
Award Amount: $69,954.00

Low-Cost, Large-Area, High-Resistivity Substrates for Gas Microstrip Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsan
Award Amount: $749,973.00

SBIR Phase I: Low Cost TFEL Head Mounted Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $74,929.00

INFECTION RESISTANT DENTAL IMPLANTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,996.00

Low-Cost, Low-Noise, Filterless Solar-Blind Ultraviolet Detectors On Silicon-On-Insulator Structures For Hydrogen Fire Monitoring

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran , Staff Research Scientist
Award Amount: $594,456.00

SBIR Phase I: Carbon Nitride for Superhard Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $74,926.00

Ion Implanted Thin Film Phosphors For Head Mounted Field Emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $598,915.00

IMPROVED, NEAR-INFRARED SEMICONDUCTOR LASERS BASED ON INDIUM THALLIUM PHOSPHIDE

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Harvey B. Serreze , Sr. Scientist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $69,947.00

SBIR PHASE I: Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD)-Grown InT1P Long Wavelength Infrared Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James Daly
Award Amount: $74,930.00

SBIR Phase I: Indium Thallium Phosphide Semiconductor Diode Lasers - A New Approach to an Old Problem

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Harvey Serreze
Award Amount: $74,960.00

2 TO 3 MICRON INGAAS DETECTOR ARRAYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Themis Parodos , Mgr. Display Technology
Award Amount: $69,932.00

3-5 UM INTLAS DETECTOR ARRAYS WITH MINIMUM COOLING REQUIREMENTS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1996 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsanan , Staff Scientist/optoelectronic
Award Amount: $69,830.00

Highly Reliable Carbon-doped HBTs for Microwave Power Generation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Pascale M. Gouker, Ph.d.
Award Amount: $701,750.00
Abstract:
The proposed project will develop a new technology capable of producing highly reliable npn heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) using carbon-doping. Carbon is a very slow diffusant and has a higher solubility in GaAs than more conventional dopants, such as beryllium or zinc. A carbon-doped HBT… More

POROUS POLYSILICON LIGHT EMITTERS FOR MONOLITHICALLY-INTEGRATED THIN FILM ELECTROLUMINESCENT (FTEL) DISPLAY PANELS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader M Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $295,500.00
Abstract:
Researchers are investigating demonstration of visible electro-luminescent (el) devices fabricated on porous polysilicon thin film on glass substrates for low-cost, monolithically-integrated, all-silicon flat-panel displays. researchers recently fabricated the first si-based light-emitting diodes… More

High Quantum Efficiency Spin-polarized Photocathodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Stanley M. Vernon Sen , entist, Optoelectronics
Award Amount: $74,991.00
Abstract:
154 High Quantum Efficiency Spin-polarized Photocathodes--Spire Corporation, One Patriots Park, Bedford, MA 01730-2343; (617) 275-6000 Mr. Stanley M. Vernon, Principal Investigator Mr. Richard S. Gregorio, Business Official DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-97ER82480 Amount: $74,991 Electron… More

Reliable Fire Detection Systems with Low-cost SiC-based Solar-blind UV Photodiodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $99,940.00
Abstract:
New and improved low-cost flame monitoring systems are needed that can quickly and reliably detect a fast-spreading fire. The most reliable fire monitors today are based on solar-blind UV detection systms with Geiger counter-type tubes that are costly, fragile, and require high voltage. Spire has… More

Nanocrystalline Superhard, Ductile Ceramic Coatings for Roller Cone Bit Bearings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Fereydoon Namavar , Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,707.00
Abstract:
41126 November 20, 1996 Spire Corporation Ultra-fine-grained ceramics possess extraordinary properties which include increased ductility and decreased permeability, thus improving their effectiveness as a protective coating. When crystallites are smaller… More

Silicon Carbide on Insulator Integrated Optics for Room/High-temperature Sensor Systems

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Sc.d.
Award Amount: $59,966.00
Abstract:
We have been involved in developing a library of low-loss Si-on-insulator optoelectronic devices, and recently fabricated novel integrated optical phase modulators and beamsteering devices. We have also grown high-quality SiC-on-insulator (SiCOI) using SIMOX (a compliant substrate) and… More

Coplanar CdZnTe p-i-n, Gamma-Ray Detectors for Nuclear Spectroscopy

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rengarajan Sudharsana , Staff Scientist
Award Amount: $745,571.00
Abstract:
40439 November 18, 1996 Spire Corporation Miniature detectors are used to monitor stored nuclear materials such as plutonium and uranium. This project will develop a new device design to improve the energy resolution of cadmium-zinc-telluride (CdZnTe)… More

High Reliability Carbon-Doped GaAs Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Pascale Gouker
Award Amount: $701,750.00
Abstract:
Because GaAs heterojunction biplor transistors (HBTs) are used in more and more integrated circuits, device stability and reliability are currently of major concern. HBT failure mechanisms are not yet well understood but potentially correlated with hydrogen contamination in the HBT base, with the… More

Stable Filterless Solar-Blind UV Photodiodes Based on Silicon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $49,815.00
Abstract:
The proposed program will investigate fabrication of low-cost and stable Si- based filterless solar-blind UV detectors on radiation-hard silicon-on-insulator (SOI) structures. By fabricating detectors on silicon thin films, the active device layer thickness can be chosen so that shortwave photons… More

Flame Resistant Space Crew Clothing Using An Environmentally Friendly Surface Treatment

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin , STAFF SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $68,932.00

Cost-Effective Field Emmission Dispalys Using Thin-Film Oxide Phosphors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Stanley M. Vernon , SENIOR SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $69,725.00

CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION OF TURBINE THERMAL BARRIER COATINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Anton C. Greenwald , Senior Scientist Optoelectonic
Award Amount: $599,894.00

Inpsb/Inas Heterojunctions For High-Speed, Low-Noise Electronics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Dhrupad A. Trivedi , STAFF SCIENTIST
Award Amount: $68,915.00

SBIR Phase II: Extremely High-Temperature N-Gan

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $299,996.00

SBIR Phase I: Aluminum Nitride Cold Cathodes for Field Emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $74,985.00

High Reliability Carbon-Doped GaAs Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Pascale Gouker
Award Amount: $99,925.00

SBIR Phase I: CdZnTe Thin-Film Detector on TFT-Arrays: A NewDigital Detector Technology for Macromolecular Crystallography

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Rengarajan Sudharsanan
Award Amount: $74,752.00

SBIR Phase II: Extremely High-Temperature N-Gan

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $74,996.00

Ion Implanted Thin Film Zinc Gallate Phosphors for Field Emission Displays

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: H. Paul Maruska
Award Amount: $299,920.00

SBIR Phase I: High Pressure Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of GaN and InGaN

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1997 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $74,899.00

Reliable Fire Detection Systems with Low-Cost SiC-based Solar-blind UV Photodiodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $736,563.00
Abstract:
New and improved low-cost flame monitoring systems are needed that can quickly and reliably detect a fast-spreading fire. The most reliable fire monitors today are based on solar-blind UV detection systms with Geiger counter-type tubes that are costly, fragile, and require high voltage. Spire has… More

Gallium Arsenide P-I_N Detectors for High-sensitivity Imaging of Thermal Neutrons

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr. Stanley M. Vernon , Senior Scientist, Opto.
Award Amount: $74,932.00
Abstract:
50332-98-I Gallium Arsenide P-I-N Detectors for High-Sensitivity Imaging of Thermal Neutrons--Spire Corporation, One Patriots Park, Bedford, MA 01730-2343; (781) 275-6000 Mr. Stanley M. Vernon, Principal Investigator Dr. Everett S. McGinley, Business Official DOE Grant No.… More

A Compact, Portable, Reduced-Cost, Gamma Ray Spectroscopic System for Nuclear Verification

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / STTR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Mr. James Toney
Award Amount: $99,054.00
RI Contact: N/A
Abstract:
A Compact, Portable, Reduced-Cost, Gamma Ray Spectroscopic System for Nuclear Verification DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-98ER86083 Amount: $99,980 Small Business Spire Corporation One Patriots Park Bedford, MA 01730-2343 Dr. Rengarajan Sudharsanan, Principal Investigator Mr. Richard S. Gregorio,… More

HETEROJUNCTION BIOLAR TRANSISTORS USING STRIAN-FREE GaAsN ALLOYS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $99,948.00
Abstract:
Heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) performance would be improved by use of a new material which is closely lattice matched to GaAs, and has a low enough bandgap so that a GaAs emitter can be used; this eliminates the need for AlGaAs or GaInP, whose interface with GaAs is often hard to control. … More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOC
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $74,948.00

Ultrabright Laser Diode for Lidar Wind Measurements

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,966.00

CDZNTE P I N PHOTODIODE ARRAYS FOR MEDICAL IMAGING

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Sudharsanan, Rengarajan
Award Amount: $99,994.00

Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition Grown GaAs Junction Field-effect Transistors for Low-noise Deep-cryogenic Readouts

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $69,938.00

SUPERHARD NANOCRYSTALLINE COATED PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Namavar, Fereydoon
Award Amount: $99,999.00

SBIR Phase I: Boron Phosphide Thermal Neutron Detectors

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1998 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Anton Greenwald
Award Amount: $99,996.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $399,940.00

Integrated System for Low-Cost, Supplemental Satellite Power

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton Greenwald
Award Amount: $92,564.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $581,397.00

Homoepitaxial MOCVD ZnGeP2 Films for IR Optical Parametric Oscillators

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Anton Greenwald
Award Amount: $95,558.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Mr Stanley M Vernon , Senior Scientist, Opto.
Award Amount: $750,000.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Research Institution: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Mr James Toney
Award Amount: $499,530.00
RI Contact: N/A

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Stanley M Vernon
Award Amount: $699,798.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $99,941.00

32GHz), large-area detector (>1 sq. mm).

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Optoelec.
Award Amount: $69,923.00

16 mA/cm2 the bandgap of the top cell is raised from 1.85 eV to 2 eV

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Optoelec.
Award Amount: $69,931.00

NANOCRYSTALLINE COATING FOR UHMWPE PROSTHESES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $99,994.00
Abstract:
Not Available Present day pulsed power generators provide such intense sources of bremsstrahlung that may radiation diagnostics are overwhelmed in the near field of the source. Time-integrated radiation-dose maps and spectral measurements are usually made in the near field with TLDs, while… More

NANOCOMPOSITE SURFACE FOR VERY LOW WEAR ORTHOPEDICS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $99,922.00
Abstract:
Not Available Aircraft loaders are conventionally powered by diesel internal combustion engines and utilize hydraulic systems to provide lift/tilt capabilities to the loader deck. Failures of the hydraulic systems are frequent, causing more than half of all loader failures. The state of the art… More

Nanograin, Quasicrystalline, Multiphase Coatings for Reduced Friction and Wear

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Ames Laboratory, University of Iowa
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $100,000.00
RI Contact: N/A

Functionally Graded, Nanocrystalline, Multiphase, Boron-and Carbon-Based Superhard Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,923.00
Abstract:
Not Available The low-latitude ionosphere is highly variable from day-to-day. The day-to-day weather of the ionosphere and irregularity development impact Over-the-Horizon (OTH) radar applications, RF communication circuits, and L band satellite applications such as GPS and cellular phones. The use… More

Compact Gamma-Ray Imager for In-Vivo Gene Imaging

Award Year / Program / Phase: 1999 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $99,989.00
Abstract:
Not Available This proposal describes a plan to design and develop a robust dual frequency GPS receiver for measuring amplitude and phase scintillation under high dynamic conditions. The GPS receiver will also produce navigation solutions at a very high rate and the effects of scintillation on… More

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $99,866.00
Abstract:
Not Available Large-scale, 3D simulations of complex configurations using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) are becoming increasingly common in the design of aircraft, aerospace vehicles and propulsion systems. Researchers are faced with the daunting task of interpre

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Ph.D.
Award Amount: $69,856.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $99,974.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Optoelec.
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Ph.D., Senior Scientist, Optoelec.
Award Amount: $599,848.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $0.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,921.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2000 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Stanley Vernon
Award Amount: $99,909.00

N/A

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nadar Kalkhorn
Award Amount: $99,968.00

Nanocomposite Surface for Very Low Wear Orthopedics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $0.00

Nanocomposite Surface for Very Low Wear Orthopedics

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $408,087.00

Efficacy of Thin HA Coating Produced by a Novel Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2001 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $99,973.00
Abstract:
The purpose of this Phase 1 application is to evaluate the applicability of an ion beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) process for coating titanium Dental implants with a thin hydroxyapatite (HA) layer. Coatings of different… More

Superhard Nanocrystalline Homometallic Stainless Steel on Steel for Seamless Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $99,968.00
Abstract:
The objective of this work is to deposit nanocrystalline stainless steel onto steel substrates (homometallic) for enhanced wear and corrosion resistance. Homometallic coatings provide superior adhesion, and it has been shown that ultrafine-grained materials exhibit the increased hardness and… More

Monolithic Multiwavelength Materials for RF Photonic Device Integration

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $721,551.00
Abstract:
"The proposed Phase II SBIR program is aimed at developing a low-cost method for incorporation of lasers, amplifiers, waveguides, modulators, phase shifters and splitters on a single chip for use in microwave phased array antenna control and related RFsignal processing functions. Specific… More

Filterless Multicolor Image Sensors on SOI Structures

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran, Vice President, R&D
Award Amount: $69,946.00
Abstract:
"Spire proposes to develop high-efficiency filterless silicon-based multi-color photodiode arrays suitable for spectroscopy and imaging applications in the UV to near-IR bands. The innovation, patented by Spire, is the use of a thin filmsilicon-on-insulator (SOI) structure in the active device… More

New 2.7 micron Fiber Laser for Space Laser System Cost Reduction

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,943.00
Abstract:
"This proposal describes the development of a new diode-pumped fiber laser intended as an alignment tool for the High Energy Chemical Laser (HEL) during startup and optical alignment. This alignment laser, also called the Low Energy alignment Laser (LEL),will be fabricated from a special… More

Portable Terahertz Imaging System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $98,769.00
Abstract:
"This Phase I SBIR proposal describes a development program aimed at designing and fabricating a semiconductor terahertz quantum cascade (QC) laser, and demonstrating its operation in a proof-of-concept system for biological imaging. QC lasers havedemonstrated coherent emission at and above… More

NEW LUBRICANTS FOR ROTATING ANODE X-RAY TUBE BEARINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will continue and expand the development of new solid lubricants for bearings that operate at high rotational speed, high temperature, and under vacuum in rotating anode X-ray tubes for CT scanners and other radiography facilities. Phase I… More

NEW LUBRICANTS FOR ROTATING ANODE X-RAY TUBE BEARINGS

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Ward D. Halverson
Award Amount: $514,985.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will continue and expand the development of new solid lubricants for bearings that operate at high rotational speed, high temperature, and under vacuum in rotating anode X-ray tubes for CT scanners and other radiography facilities. Phase I… More

FIBER LASER FOR MYRINGOTOMY AND MIDDLE-EAR SURGERY

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden
Award Amount: $156,468.00
Abstract:
The objective of the proposed program is to design and fabricate a prototype 2710 nm (2.71mum) fiber laser for use in myringotomy and middle-ear surgery, and to demonstrate its operation. The 2710 nm wavelength corresponds to a maximum in the absorption spectrum of water, thereby reducing the laser… More

ECR Plasma Treatment of Polymer Tubing Such As Catheters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ward Halverson
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Phase I Small Business Innovation Research project will develop plasma processes to treat both internal and external surfaces of medical polymer tubing such as catheters. The treatments will facilitate attachment of bioactive coatings, will clean, sterilize, and reduce friction; similar… More

SBIR Phase I: Nanocrystalline Superhard Homometallic Films for Replacement of Ceramic Hard Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Fereydoon Namavar
Award Amount: $99,983.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop the technology for fabrication of M50 bearing steel coatings that are superhard, adherent, nanocrystalline, homometallic (an integrated layer without interface), and resistant to scratch and corrosion. These homometallic coatings… More

ADVANCED MULTI-CHANNEL RECORDING ELECTRODES

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2002 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $114,991.00
Abstract:
The overall objective of this program is to use nanostructured porous silicon coatings to enhance the biocompatibility of ceramic-based multi-site neural recording electrode (CBMSE) arrays.Collaborating with K. Moxon of Drexel University, we have already fabricated CBMSE arrays that can chronically… More

SBIR Phase II: Catheters with Anticoagulation and Fibrinolytic Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ying Jun Du, Dr
Award Amount: $99,967.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop blood-compatible biomaterials for end-stage renal dialysis (ESRD) catheters through an integrated biological coating (IBC) that combines protein passivation, anticoagulation, and fibrinolytic mechanisms on the surface.… More

Superhard Nanocrystalline Coated Prosthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $749,910.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nanocrystalline homometallic (same as the substrate and without interface) coatings will be developed to reduce wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) in orthopedic prostheses. UHMWPE wear is a primary cause of prosthesis failure, and… More

Portable fiber laser for glaucoma surgery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden
Award Amount: $124,465.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this Phase I SBIR program is to demonstrate the efficacy of a new, 2.71 micrometer fiber laser in glaucoma surgery. This laser provides radiation in a region of the spectrum where water has very strong optical absorption. It is portable,… More

SBIR Phase II: ECR (Electron Cyclotron Resonance) Plasma Treatment of Polymer Tubing Such As Catheters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James Moe
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop new techniques to treat both internal and external surfaces of polymer tubing such as catheters. The treatments will modify the surfaces to facilitate attachment of bioactive coatings, clean, sterilize, or … More

SBIR Phase I: Growth of "BioCarbon" Nanotubes on Nanostructured Silicon Templates

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $100,000.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a novel material, Bio-Carbon Nano-Tube (BCNT), for a neural prosthetic application. The project involves a highly innovative approach, which uses a surface-engineered nanostructured silicon wafer as a template to grow the… More

SBIR Phase II: ECR (Electron Cyclotron Resonance) Plasma Treatment of Polymer Tubing Such As Catheters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James Moe
Award Amount: $445,576.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop new techniques to treat both internal and external surfaces of polymer tubing such as catheters. The treatments will modify the surfaces to facilitate attachment of bioactive coatings, clean, sterilize, or … More

Superhard Nanocrystalline Coated Prosthesis

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $0.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nanocrystalline homometallic (same as the substrate and without interface) coatings will be developed to reduce wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) in orthopedic prostheses. UHMWPE wear is a primary cause of prosthesis failure, and… More

Nanophase Ceramics as Bone Implant Coatings

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2003 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $399,979.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall objective of the proposed study is to create a new family of "smart" orthopedic and dental implant coating materials that enhance new bone formation over existing implants. "Smart" coating materials are necessary to selectively increase bone cell… More

Efficacy of Thin HA Coatings Produced by a Novel Process

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $943,045.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: (provided by the applicant) This project is developing a new generation of calcium phosphate coatings for dental implants, in which film crystallinity is optimized for enhanced bioactivity and osseointegration. Phase I examined the hypothesis that optimal crystallinity leads to more… More

Portable Terahertz Imaging System

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / DARPA
Principal Investigator: Kurt Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,808.00
Abstract:
This Phase II SBIR proposal describes a development program aimed at designing and fabricating a terahertz quantum cascade (QC) laser from gallium arsenide-based epitaxial material grown by the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) technique. Previously produced terahertz QC lasers were… More

InAsSb Strain-Balanced Avalanche Photodiodes with 4-5 micron Cutoff Wavelength

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: Boston University
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczuk, Senior Scientist,
Award Amount: $99,906.00
RI Contact: Selim Unlu
Abstract:
Spire Corporation, through its Bandwidth Semiconductor subsidiary and in collaboration with colleagues in the Electrical Engineering Department at Boston University, proposes the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) epigrowth of indium arsenide antimonide (InAsSb) avalanche photodiodes… More

Radiation-Hard, High Efficiency InP/InN Tandem Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Research Institution: Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczuk, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,931.00
RI Contact: Joel Ager
Abstract:
Spire proposes to investigate InP/InN tandem solar cells for applications where extreme radiation-hardness is needed. Indium phosphide (InP) has proven itself as a radiation-hard cell material, and indium nitride (InN) has shown superior radiation resistance to 2MeV protons. InP (1.34 eV) and InN… More

High-throughput synthesis of terahertz quantum cascade lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Research Institution: UNIV. OF ILLINOIS URBANA-CHAMPAIGN
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,733.00
RI Contact: Shun-Lien Chuang
Abstract:
The proposed Phase I program is aimed at design and fabrication of a robust, AlGaAs-based epitaxial layer structure for terahertz quantum cascade (QC) lasers that can be grown by the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) process. The ability to produce such epitaxial wafers at low cost is… More

Crew Cerebral Oxygen Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,965.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR proposal is aimed at developing a non-invasive, optical method for monitoring the state of consciousness of crew members in operational environments. Utilizing differences in wavelength-dependent optical absorption between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood, pulsed laser diodes of… More

Non-invasive Blood-glucose Monitor using Terahertz Radiation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,677.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR proposal describes a research program to determine feasibility for using terahertz radiation to non-invasively monitor metabolic analytes such as glucose. Non-invasive monitoring is important for determining general physiological activity and health, and needed by diabetics for… More

Functionally Graded HA Coatings for Biological Response

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $157,277.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION: The objective of this project is to develop functionally graded, thin film hydroxyapatite coatings to enhance osseointegration of Dental implants. The coatings will be graded such that they elicit tailored biological response from different layers within the thin film. Highly… More

SBIR Phase I: Low-Noise AlGaSb Avalanche Photodiodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Steven Wojtczuk, PI
Award Amount: $99,927.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) Phase I project seeks to research the metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) epitaxial growth and explore new passivation techniques for very low-noise aluminum gallium antimonide (AlGaSb) avalanche photodiodes (APDs). At one particular… More

Bio-Enhanced Neural Electrodes Based on Porous Silicon

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Nader M. Kalkhoran
Award Amount: $399,882.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall objective of this program is to develop nanostructured porous silicon as neural electrode materials with enhanced biocompatibility, in particular for novel hybrid silicon/ceramic multi-site neural recording electrode arrays. We have previously shown… More

Terahertz Imaging System for Concealed Weapon Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2004 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,960.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is aimed at developing an entirely new terahertz imaging system capable of detecting hidden weapons and explosives on subjects at safe distances. Compact and efficient semiconductor terahertz quantum cascade lasers are currently being developed… More

SBIR Phase II: Catheters with Anticoagulation and Fibrinolytic Properties

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: Ying Jun Du, Dr
Award Amount: $498,774.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop blood-compatible biomaterials for end-stage renal dialysis (ESRD) catheters through an integrated biological coating (IBC) that combines protein passivation, anticoagulation, and fibrinolytic mechanisms on the surface.… More

Crew Cerebral Oxygen Monitor

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,792.00
Abstract:
This Phase II SBIR proposal is aimed at developing a non-invasive, optical method for monitoring crew member state of awareness in operational environments. All active devices used in this monitoring system will consist of commercially available components. Continuous monitoring of the mental… More

Terahertz Imaging System for Concealed Weapon Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt Linden – (781) 275-6000
Award Amount: $749,798.00
Abstract:
This Phase II Small Business Innovation Research project is aimed at designing, assembling, and demonstrating an entirely new imaging system capable of detecting hidden weapons at standoff distances. Phase I of this program successfully identified critical terahertz atmospheric transmission… More

Controlled Release Bone Morphogenic Protein/Nano-calcium

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Marisa A. Sambito
Award Amount: $156,878.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Controlled Release of Bone Morphogenic Protein using Nano-Calcium Phosphate Coatings TP-2004-71 We propose a novel method for depositing a drug-loaded coating based on a mixture of nano-phase calcium phosphate and bone morphogenic protein (BMP) on metal implants.… More

Field Optimization of Real-time PCR for the detection of Leishmania parasites

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / OSD
Principal Investigator: James G. Moe, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,974.00
Abstract:
The proposed Phase I SBIR program will develop a rapid assay for characterizing blood samples from patients with suspected Leishmania infection. Leishmaniasis affects 12 million people worldwide with 400,000 new cases diagnosed annually. The spectrum of diseases caused by Leishmania spp. includes… More

SBIR Phase I: Silicon-based Biosensor for Bioagent Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2005 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NSF
Principal Investigator: James G. Moe, Dr
Award Amount: $99,977.00
Abstract:
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop a prototype porous silicon biosensor that will be useful for rapidly distinguishing the molecular fingerprint of a wide variety of pathogenic bacteria. Remediation of biothreat agents is dependent on the use of versatile, low cost,… More

High Operating Temperature, Radiation-Hard MIM Thermophotovoltaic Converters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $69,386.00
Abstract:
Spire Corporation proposes to investigate InGaAs thermophotovoltaic (TPV) cells optimized for high temperature operation (150C) and radiation hardness against the 1.64MeV neutron flux likely from plutonium dioxide general purpose heat sources. We propose to develop a temperature-dependent TPV cell… More

Highly Reliable, High Power Cryogenic Red Diode Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,636.00
Abstract:
This Phase I Small Business Innovation Research project is aimed at modeling and designing a cryogenic high power red diode laser array for use in optically pumping 100 kW level cryogenic lasers for missile defense and other applications. It is advantageous to operate lasers at cryogenic… More

Selenium Coated Dialysis Catheters for Reduced Biofilm Formation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Eric J. Tobin
Award Amount: $176,244.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Infection is a major problem affecting function and longevity of dialysis catheters. Catheter-related sepsis occurs at alarmingly high rates, and often necessitates intervention or catheter removal. We propose to develop selenium-based coatings for dialysis… More

CoCr/TiN Superlattice Hard Coatings for Spinal Implants

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2006 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Jason E. Burns
Award Amount: $399,243.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Title: CoCr/TiN Superlattice Hard Coatings for Spinal Implants The objective of this program is to develop a hard, wear resistant TiN/CoCr coating for Ti or CoCr spinal implants with the benefits of a superlattice structure. Superlattices are thin films comprised… More

New, Mid-IR Rare Earth Chalcogenide Glass Fiber Laser

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,906.00
Abstract:
This Phase I Small Business Innovative Research project will develop the most promising rare earth-doped chalcogenide glass materials for high-power mid-IR (2-5 um) emission, and demonstrate laser action with samples of cladding-pumped fiber drawn from two candidate materials. There has been and… More

High Operating Temperature, Radiation-Hard MIM Thermophotovoltaic Converters

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Steven J. Wojtczuk, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $599,738.00
Abstract:
Spire Corporation is developing a key component for thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power technology for deep space missions. We are developing InGaAs monolithically interconnected modules (MIMs) that convert thermal photons from the ~1100C General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) into electrical power. The… More

Highly Reliable, High Power Cryogenic Red Diode Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / MDA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $998,514.00
Abstract:
This Phase II Small Business Innovation Research project will develop a process for producing cryogenic high-efficiency 630 nm diode laser bars, and develop methods of assembling and testing arrays of such bars capable of optically pumping 100 kW level lasers such as the liquid oxygen Air Laser. … More

Resonant Tunnelling Diode for High-Power Room-Temperature Terahertz Emission

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / STTR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF VIRGINIA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,724.00
RI Contact: Boris Gelmont
Abstract:
This Phase I STTR proposal involves the specification, conceptual design and analysis of staggered bandgap semiconductor heterostructures capable of producing interband resonant tunneling diodes (I?RTDs) with the potential for producing room-temperature terahertz oscillators with > 10 mW output… More

Nanocrystalline Zirconia Orthopedic Coating for Reduced Poyethylene Wear

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Jason E. Burns
Award Amount: $179,043.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this program a new zirconia coating will be developed for orthopedic applications. Ion beam assisted deposition will be used to grow a phase stabilized nanocrystalline zirconium oxide wear layer with a continuously- graded metallic/ceramic adhesion layer. In… More

Fiber Laser For Myringotomy And Middle-Ear Surgery

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2007 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden
Award Amount: $872,866.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of the Proposed Phase II program is to design, fabricate, and demonstrate a 4 W, 2712 nm fiber laser for use in myringotomy and middle ear surgery. This wavelength is near a maximum in the water absorpti on spectrum, thereby reducing the laser… More

Cryogenic Diode Laser Array Pump for High Power YAG Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $99,580.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR proposal describes a program that will design a cryogenic, liquid nitrogen (LN) cooling system for efficient operation of multi-kW level diode laser arrays, and determine the diode laser array design parameters for optimal LN operation with emission in the 800 nm to 950 nm spectral… More

Resonant Tunnelling Diode for High-Power Room-Temp

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / STTR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / ARMY
Research Institution: UNIV. OF VIRGINIA
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,808.00
RI Contact: Boris Gelmont
Abstract:
The objective of this STTR program is to model, design, build and demonstrate a novel, hybrid solid-state, interband resonant tunneling diode (I-RTD) oscillator capable of operating across broad portions of terahertz frequency band (300-600 GHz) at room temperature, with estimated terahertz output… More

Selenium Coated Dialysis Catheters for Reduced Biofilm Formation

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator:
Award Amount: $992,385.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Infection is a major problem affecting function and longevity of dialysis catheters. Catheter-related sepsis occurs at alarmingly high rates, and often necessitates intervention or catheter removal. This grant is evalua ting the hypothesis that a covalently… More

Microcrack Detection in Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2008 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: William R. Neal, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,734.00
Abstract:
Both mono- and multi-crystalline silicon wafers and solar cells occasionally contain microcracks that are difficult or impossible to see with the human eye or even with a vision system. These cracks ¿ which are due to mechanical and thermal stresses during cell fabrication and module assembly, as… More

Cryogenic Diode Laser Array Pump for High Power YAG Lasers

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2009 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency / Branch: DOD / USAF
Principal Investigator: Kurt J. Linden, Senior Scientist
Award Amount: $749,854.00
Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This Phase II SBIR proposal presents Spire's plan to build, test, and deliver ultra-high power, cryogenically cooled diode laser array modules designed to optically pump the AFRL cryogenic Yb:YAG thin disk laser. Spire-designed epitaxial wafers will be grown and fabricated into diode… More

Photoluminescense for Solar Cell Crack Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael Nowlan, Mr.
Award Amount: $99,745.00
Abstract:
In the manufacturing process for photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules, a significant percentage of both single- and multi-crystalline silicon wafers and solar cells used in the industry today contain microcracks that are difficult or impossible to detect with the human eye or currently available… More

Next-Generation, LED-based, Adjustable Spectrum, Pulsed Solar Simulator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2010 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Harvey Serreze, Dr.
Award Amount: $99,623.00
Abstract:
A key step in the manufacture of photovoltaic (PV) solar modules is their final test under simulated solar illumination. Manufacture of modules to produce megawatts of solar-generated power requires accurate and rapid testing of tens of thousands of modules. Solar simulators used to perform this… More

Nano-Crystalline Ceramic Coatings for the Reduction of Sliding Resistance of Orth

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Jason E. Burns – 781-275-6000
Award Amount: $114,173.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this program, nano-crystalline ceramics will be applied to the surface of orthodontic archwires using ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) to reduce sliding resistance. Excessive sliding resistance works against toothmotion as the bracket slides along the wire… More

High Temperature Resistant Zirconia Coating for In-space Propulsion

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: NASA
Principal Investigator: Kelsey J. Carvell, Principal Investigator
Award Amount: $99,575.00
Abstract:
To enhance NASA systems, Spire proposes a novel technique for growing a graded nanocrystalline ZrON/ZrO2 protective coating with superior heat tolerance on relevant in-space substrates. The proposed coating technology will adhere to and protect engine components such as injectors, combustion… More

Next-Generation, LED-based, Adjustable Spectrum, Pulsed Solar Simulator

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Harvey B. Serreze, Dr.
Award Amount: $999,214.00
Abstract:
Solar simulators are needed for measuring the performance of solar cells and solar panels. These instruments currently use filtered high-intensity xenon lamps with poor spectral control, high voltage transients that can adversely affect electronic control circuits, lamp aging and a lack of… More

Photoluminescense for Solar Cell Crack Detection

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: DOE
Principal Investigator: Michael J. Nowlan, Mr.
Award Amount: $999,587.00
Abstract:
In the manufacturing process for photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules, a significant percentage of crystalline silicon wafers and solar cells contain microcracks that are difficult or impossible to detect with the human eye or currently available machine vision systems. These microcracks can… More

Large-Area UV-Selective Silicon-Based Avalanche Photodiodes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2011 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: DOD
Principal Investigator: Nader Kalkhoran, V.P. R&D, Senior Scientist – (781) 275-6000
Award Amount: $97,815.00
Abstract:
This Phase I SBIR proposal aims to develop for the first time high efficiency large-area, low-noise UV avalanche photodiodes on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) structures. These devices will benefit from Spire"s patented technology to selectivity detect UV radiation with efficiency levels at… More

A Synthetic Biology Toolbox for Natural Product Discovery from Actinomycetes

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase I
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Arash Aslani – 781-325-0750
Award Amount: $216,334.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The incidence of traumatic facial injuries relative to injuries at the other anatomic locations has risen sharply during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan compared to previous military conflicts. Evan in the civilian population, traumatic craniofacial… More

Nano-Crystalline Ceramic Coatings for the Reduction of Sliding Resistance of Orth

Award Year / Program / Phase: 2013 / SBIR / Phase II
Agency: HHS
Principal Investigator: Jason E. Burns – 781-275-6000
Award Amount: $1,490,513.00
Abstract:
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Small Business Innovation Research project aims to develop hard ceramic coatings that will reduce the sliding resistance of archwires in their brackets during orthodontic treatment procedures. Excessive sliding resistance, which is a combination of friction… More