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ION BEAM ASSISTED THIN FILM ELECTODES/NERVE ACTIVATION

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
19386
Program Year/Program:
1992 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
19386
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
SPIRE CORPORATION
1 PATRIOTS PARK BEDFORD, MA 01730-2396
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1992
Title: ION BEAM ASSISTED THIN FILM ELECTODES/NERVE ACTIVATION
Agency: HHS
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $49,851.00
 

Abstract:

SIMPLE CUFF ELECTODES, BECAUSE THEY ARE EASILY FABRICATED, EASILY IMPLANTED, AND HIGHLY RELIABLE, HAVE BEEN THE WORKHORSE ELECTRODES FOR MOST OF THE CLINICALLY APPLIED NEURAL PROSTHESES IN SPITE OF THEIR "OFF-ON" CHARACTERISTICS. WHILE ELECTRODES THAT PERMIT GRADUATED NEURAL ACTIVATION WOULD YIELD BETTER CONTROL, THEY CANNOT NOW BE FABRICATED IN THE FORM OF A SAFE AND PRACTICAL CUFF. THIS LIMITATION HAS BEEN OVERCOME BY INVESTIGATORS AT CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY (CWRU), WHO HAVE DEMONSTRATED SELECTIVE ACTIVATION OF NERVES IN ANIMALS WITH A SELF-WRAPPING SPIRAL CUFF ELECTRODE OF PATENTED DESIGN. THE CRWU ELECTRODES ARE NOW FABRICATED ONE-AT-A-TIME IN A LABORIOUS, TIME CONSUMING SERIES OF MANUAL OPERATIONS WHOSE OUTPUT IS SMALL AND WHOSE PRODUCT IS UNRELIABLE; TO FULLY REALIZE THE BENEFITS OF CWRU'S INNOVATION, AN IMPROVED, MASS-PRODUCIBLE VERSION MUST BE DEVELOPED. SUCH AN ELECTRODE IS THE SUBJECT OF THIS PROJECT. ION BEAM ASSISTED DEPOSITION (IBAD) WILL BE USED TO PLACE A THIN, HIGHLY ADHERENT, CONDUCTING FILM ON SILICONE RUBBER AND STANDARD SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING TECHNIQUES USED TO DEFINE ELECTRODES IN IT. THIS APPROACH WILL ALLOW RELIABLE, REPEATABLE PRODUCTION OF THE SPIRAL CUFF ELECTRODE DESIGN AND MAKE POSSIBLE DESIGNS WITH SMALLER FEATURES AND MORE STIMULATING SURFACES. PROTOTYPE CUFFS WILL BE MANUFACTURED IN PHASE I AND TESTED IN ANIMAL MODELS TO EVALUATE SAFETY AND PERFORMANCE. IN PHASE II, WE WILL FURTHER REFINE THE FABRICATION PROCESS AND TEST THE ELECTRODES IN EXTENSIVE, LONG-GERM ANIMAL STUDIES.

Principal Investigator:

Piran Sioshansi
6172756000

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

Spire Corp
Patriots Park Bedford, MA 01730

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No