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Robust GaN-Based Photocathodes for High-Current RF Electron Injectors

Award Information

Department of Energy
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2009 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
SVT Associates, Inc.
7620 Executive Drive Eden Prairie, MN 55344-3677
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: Yes
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2009
Title: Robust GaN-Based Photocathodes for High-Current RF Electron Injectors
Agency: DOE
Contract: DE-FG02-09ER85470
Award Amount: $99,910.00


Photocathodes play a key role in the electron injectors used at DOE accelerator facilities. Metallic photocathodes are very robust, have long lifetimes, and provide the convenience of air transportability. The main disadvantage of these cathodes is their very low quantum efficiency (QE). On the other hand semiconductor cathodes generally have much higher QE but shorter lifetime than metallic cathodes. Hence, there is an immediate need for the development of high QE photocathodes capable of robust operation at high emission currents. This project will investigate the use of GaN-based photocathodes as a candidate technology. In previous work, very-high-emission quantum efficiency values of more than 80% at 120 nm were demonstrated for cesium-activated p-type GaN photocathodes. Phase I will fabricate and characterize robust GaN-based photocathodes for application in high-current RF electron guns. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee Robust photocathodes would enhance the capabilities of photo-injectors, the electron source of choice for future linear accelerators and colliders, energy recovery linear accelerators, fourth generation light sources, injectors for laser-driven plasma wake field accelerators, and high-power free electron lasers. The robust photocathodes also could find use in electron beam lithography and metrology.

Principal Investigator:

Amir Dabiran

Business Contact:

Leslie Price
Miss Price
Small Business Information at Submission:

Svt Associates, Inc.
7620 Executive Drive Eden Prairie, MN 55344

EIN/Tax ID: 411764876
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No