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Improved Conversion of Cellulose Waste to Ethanol Using a Dual Bioreactor System

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
84272
Program Year/Program:
2007 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
83047
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Technova Corporation
3927 Dobie Road Okemos, MI -
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2007
Title: Improved Conversion of Cellulose Waste to Ethanol Using a Dual Bioreactor System
Agency: DOE
Contract: DE-FG02-07ER84872
Award Amount: $99,990.00
 

Abstract:

Wastes from plant materials such as sawdust, wood chips, wood shavings, lawn grass, and straw are natural resources that can be transformed into useful value-added products. Wood waste and grass are major sources of cellulose, the most abundant renewable natural resource. This project will develop a defined consortium of natural microorganisms that will efficiently breakdown wood and grass waste to energy-rich soluble sugars and convert them to cleaner-burning ethanol fuel. By using whole microbial cells for the saccharification process, a vast spectrum of synergistic enzymes, required for complete degradation of lignocellulosic waste to fermentable sugars (such as glucose and xylose), will be secreted. The proposed system will be cost-efficient, simple, and highly usable by small-scale producers of fuel ethanol in local communities, including agricultural farmers. Phase I will: (1) develop a potent microbial inocula, immobilized on solid inedible plant fiber waste; (2) validate a biocatalytic hybrid column reactor system for the bioconversion of wood chips and grass waste; and (3) characterize and optimize the entire bioprocess yield by analysis of the sugar composition of the resulting plant fiber syrup. Phase II will integrate the fermentation step and will maximize bioethanol yield. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: Efforts to increase energy security and industrial cost-competitiveness, boost energy efficiency, increase productivity, and prevent pollution will require that traditional chemical feed stocks (petroleum and natural gas) be supplemented with materials that are abundant in the United States. This technology will enable viable alternative feedstock pathways to be developed for large-scale commodity chemical production. The biofuel market hit $15.7 billion globally in 2005 and is projected to grow by a factor of three 2015.

Principal Investigator:

Serban F. Peteu
Dr
5174851402
serbanpeteu@aol.com

Business Contact:

Farangis Jamzadeh
Ms
5174851402
tchnv@aol.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

Technova Corporation
3927 Dobie Road Okemos, MI 48864

EIN/Tax ID: 383591989
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No