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Large Area, High Dynamic Range, Sold State Photomultiplier Array for Cherenkov…

Award Information

Department of Energy
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2007 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Voxtel Inc.
15985 NW Schendel Avenue Suite 200 Beaverton, OR 97006-
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2007
Title: Large Area, High Dynamic Range, Sold State Photomultiplier Array for Cherenkov Calorimetry
Agency: DOE
Contract: DE-FG02-07ER84918
Award Amount: $100,000.00


The Avalanche Microchannel Photo Diode (AMPD) can be used in detectors for high energy physics research. The AMPD is a multipixel array of micro pixels, joined together on a common silicon substrate and working on a common load. The pixels are decoupled in order to minimize interpixel crosstalk and work as independent high gain photon microcounters. These devices are capable of good pixel-to-pixel uniformity, provide negligible noise, and have a very low contribution from excess noise factors. However, for applications such as tile calorimeters, there are limitations with respect to scintillators and wavelength shifters. These limitations include: (1) nonlinearity of the AMPD signal when the number of photoelectrons/tile is greater than the number of pixels, and (2) high dark counts. To address these shortcomings, this project will develop a nano-AMPD structure, realized in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) materials. The approach will allow very back-thinned (e.g., 7-micron thick) detectors to be built monolithically with the AMPD elements. The approach also will allow amplifiers, biasing, pulse processing, and time-of-flight circuits to be built directly into the SOI wafer ¿ permitting a large area AMPD array to be realized. The design of the SOI CMOS AMPD arrays will be completed in Phase I, and prototypes will be built. In Phase II, a large area array will be fabricated for use in Cherenkov imaging and time-of-flight calorimetry. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: In addition to high energy and nuclear physics applications, the technology should be applicable to plasma diagnostics in the solar atmosphere, space-based optical receivers, and high-speed image capture for motion analysis. The latter is used in a wide variety of applications, including vehicle-impact testing; biomechanical research; range, aerospace, and ballistics; and particle-image velocimetry.

Principal Investigator:

George Soli

Business Contact:

George Williams
Small Business Information at Submission:

Voxtel, Inc.
12725 SW Millikan Way Suite 230 Beaverton, OR 97005

EIN/Tax ID: 931285205
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No