USA flag logo/image

An Official Website of the United States Government

ONE-PIECE KUMAKHOV OPTICS TO ACHIEVE INCREASED CONTROL OF X-RAY AND NEUTRON…

Award Information

Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
21561
Program Year/Program:
1993 / SBIR
Agency Tracking Number:
21561
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
X-RAY OPTICAL SYSTEMS, INC.
15 Tech Valley Drive East Greenbush, NY 12061-4134
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 1993
Title: ONE-PIECE KUMAKHOV OPTICS TO ACHIEVE INCREASED CONTROL OF X-RAY AND NEUTRON BEAMS
Agency: NSF
Contract: N/A
Award Amount: $50,000.00
 

Abstract:

CAPILLARY-BASED OPTICS (KUMAKHOV OPTICS) CONTROL X-RAY AND LOW-ENERGY NEUTRON BEAMS BY MEANS OF MULTIPLE REFLECTIONS AT LESS THAN THE CRITICAL ANGLE. OPTICS HAVE DEMONSTRATED THE CAPABILITY TO FORM CONVERGENT OR QUASI-PARALLEL BEAMS. SUCH CONTROLLED BEAMS HAVE APPLICATIONS IN MANY X-RAY AN NEUTRON MATERIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES. ALTHOUGH THE CURRENT GENERATION OF KUMAKHOV OPTICS CAN PROVIDE SUBSTANTIAL BENEFIT, ASSEMBLY CONSTRAINTS LIMIT THE ACHIEVABLE TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY, ENERGY RANGE, ALIGNMENT, AND MINIMUM FOCAL SPOT SIZE OF THE RESULTING BEAM. FOR MANY MATERIAL ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES, THESE BEAM PARAMETERS AFFECT THE SPATIAL RESOLUTION, DETECTION LIMITS, AND MEASUREMENT TIME. RESEARCHERS ARE IMPROVING X-RAY AND NEUTRON BEAM CONTROL BY DEVELOPING A NEW GENERATION OF KUMAKHOV OPTICS WHICH ARE MANUFACTURED AS A SINGLE PIECE. THE CHANNELS WHICH DEFLECT THE PHOTONS OR NEUTRONS HAVE VARIABLE DIAMETERS OVER THE LENGTH OF THE OPTIC. THE EFFORT INCLUDES MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS OF X-RAY TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY AND EXIT DIVERGENCE WITH SUCH STRUCTURES, AND EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENTS OF THE X-RAY TRANSMISSION PROPERTIES OF A FEW EARLY ONE-PIECE PROTOTYPES.

Principal Investigator:

Qo-fan Xiao
5184425250

Business Contact:

Small Business Information at Submission:

X-ray Optical Systems Inc.
1400 Washington Ave Albany, NY 12222

EIN/Tax ID:
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No