Robot-assisted prostate surgery using augmented reality with deformable models
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this application, we describe our proposed work to develop an augmented display for improved visualization of the prostate and surrounding critical anatomy for robot-assisted prostate surgery. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men in the United States. It is estimated that 217,730 men will be diagnosed with and 32,050 men will die of cancer of the prostate in 2010. Approximately 1 man in 6 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime and 1 in 36 will die from the disease. Early stage prostate cancer is potentially cured by surgery, which can be performed in a traditional, open fashion or laparoscopically. Recently, robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) using the da Vinci(R) surgical robot system has gained wide acceptance. Robotic systems improve surgeon dexterity by incorporating additional degrees of freedom at the end of the tools and offer increased precision and stability of movements. However, since the procedure is performed through small incisions, this technique reduces free sight and tactile feedback compared to open surgery. Surgeons also lose the ability to palpate the prostate to locate tumors and other critical structures such as neurovascular bundles (NVB). Surgeons must rely on visual cues from the video monitor and mentally correlate them with the underlying anatomy, often using information from medical images obtained prior to the procedure. Further complications arise fromlocal deformations in the prostate tissue that occurs throughout the prostatectomy procedure due to the interaction between the surgical instruments and the prostate tissue. Subsequently, the anatomical model generated pre-operatively will need to be updated during the procedure to reflect this deformation. To address the clinical need for more accurate and reliable guidance, we propose to develop a navigation system that provides surgeons with an augmented reality (AR) view that fuses a pre-operative MRI model of the prostate, tumor and surrounding tissues with the da Vinci system laparoscopic video, while compensating for non-rigid prostate tissue deformation using intra-operative transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men in the United States. It is estimated that 217,730 men will be diagnosed with and 32,050 men will die of cancer of the prostate in 2010. Early stage prostate cancer is potentiallycured by surgery, which can be performed using robot-assistance. However, current robot technology does not offer accurate and reliable visual guidance system for surgeons. To address this need, we propose to develop an augmented reality display for improved visualization of the prostate and surrounding critical anatomy robot-assisted prostate surgery.
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