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Point-of-care immunoassay for diagnosis of histoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS

Award Information

Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch:
N/A
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2011 / STTR
Agency Tracking Number:
R41AI096945
Solicitation Year:
2011
Solicitation Topic Code:
NIAID
Solicitation Number:
PA10-051
Small Business Information
Immuno-Mycologics INC
2700 Technology Pl. Norman, OK 73071-
View profile »
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
 
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2011
Title: Point-of-care immunoassay for diagnosis of histoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS
Agency: HHS
Contract: 1R41AI096945-01
Award Amount: $588,749.00
 

Abstract:

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis is a common and life-threatening fungal infection among patients with HIV/AIDS in the United States and Latin America. Incidence rates in HIV/AIDS can be gt20%, with mortality rates gt30% in resource-limited countries where the fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum, is endemic. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to reducing this high mortality rate. Diagnosis currently depends on culture or histopathology. These methods have lowsensitivity, are time consuming, are expensive, and require trained personnel. An alternative approach is an immunoassay to detect H. capsulatum polysaccharide in serum or urine. The target antigen is believed to be a cell wall galactomannan. Studies to date have found a high sensitivity for such assays. However, immunoassay for Histoplasma antigen i) is currently available only in ELISA format through use of a reference laboratory, ii) is not commercially available for distribution in resource-limited countries, iii) is dependent on the use of polyclonal rabbit antibodies (pAbs), and iv) is not amenable to point-of-care (POC) use. Our overall hypothesis is that an immunoassay for POC diagnosis of disseminated histoplasmosis in HIV/AIDS can be constructed with high-affinity monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that target the polysaccharide antigen of H. capsulatum that is shed into serum and urine during infection. A corollary to this hypothesis is that the use of appropriate pairs of mAbs for assay construction will enable targeting of common and unique H. capsulatum epitopes, providing a control over assay specificity that is not possible with pAbs. The first Specific Aim is to produce polysaccharide antigens suitable for screening of hybridomas and evaluation ofmAb specificity. The second Specific Aim is to produce a library of mAbs reactive with the spectrum of epitopes found on the Histoplasma polysaccharide antigen that is shed into serum and urine. If the goals of this Phase I are achieved, Phase II will usemAbs from Phase I to construct and evaluate an immunoassay in POC format. Our preferred assay platform would be the lateral flow immunochromatographic (dipstick) assay. If successful, this translational research project could dramatically decrease mortality from histoplasmosis through earlier diagnosis and treatment. Importantly, this can be done at the low cost needed in resource-limited countries. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis is a common and life-threatening, opportunistic fungal infection among patients with HIV/AIDS in the United States and Latin America. This is a translational research study whose goal is an immunoassay in point-of-care format for rapid diagnosis of histoplasmosis in resource-limited countries. If successful, the project could dramatically reduce mortality in endemic regions through early diagnosis and treatment.

Principal Investigator:

Sean Bauman
405-360-4669
sean-bauman@immy.com

Business Contact:

Sean Bauman
405-360-4669
sean-bauman@immy.com
Small Business Information at Submission:

IMMUNO-MYCOLOGICS, INC.
2700 TECHNOLOGY PL NORMAN, OK -

EIN/Tax ID: 173107240
DUNS: N/A
Number of Employees: N/A
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Research Institution Information:
UNIVERSITY OF NEVADA, RENO
Office of Sponsored Projects
204 Ross Hall Mailstop 325
RENO, NV 89557-
Contact: