Topical Nanoparticles for CNV
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in adults over 50 years. Choroidal neovascularization (CNV), the pathologic creation of new blood vessels in the choroid layer of the eye, is a principal cause of blindness due to AMD. Current therapeutic management of AMD is far from optimal and requires repeated injections in the vitreous cavity of the eye. Such repeated administrations, besides being inconvenient for the patient, might lead to retinal detachment and endophthalmitis. Thus, there is an unmet need to develop delivery systems which can be administered by relatively safer routes of administration such as topical dosing. Therefore, this project is aimed at investigating the feasibilityof using a nanoparticle technology of NanoTrans for topical administration of a model drug diclofenac, for the management of choroidal neovascularization. Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is off patent, allowing its use inconjunction with proprietary NanoTrans nanoparticle technologies for product development. Further, diclofenac eye drops are currently approved for human use, especially for treating inflammation of the eye surface and the anterior eye segment, minimizing the regulatory hurdles in the development nanoparticle eye drops of diclofenac. Diclofenac inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes and hence inflammatory mediators including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a key growth factor underlying the pathology of choroidal neovascularization. However, currently available eye drop formulations of diclofenac do not deliver the drug to the back of the eye in adequate amounts for the drug to be effective in treating choroidal neovascularization. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that nanoparticles surface functionalized with a permeability enhancing ligand can increase diclofenac delivery from an eye drop to the back of the eye, resulting in improved efficacy in a laser induced choroid neovascularization model. Besides CNV treatment, the proposed diclofenac nanoparticles are of potential value in treating other inflammatory disorders of the back of the eye. The findings and technologies developed in this study can potentially be extrapolated to other therapeutic agents intended for treating disorders of the back of the eye. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease of the back of the eye that can cause blindness. The available treatments require frequent injections into the eye, which is painful, inconvenient, and potentially damaging to the eye. The proposed project is aimed at the development of an eye drop dosage form based on nanoparticle technologies of NanoTrans for treating AMD. Use of nanoparticle technologies of NanoTrans are expected to improve drug delivery to the back of the from an eye drop. Such an approach avoids the pitfalls associated with invasive drug administrations. The proposed technologies are likely to benefit various drugs intended for treating diseases of the back of the eye.
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NANOTRANS TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
14 E 96TH ST NEW YORK, NY 10128-0781
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University Of Colorado Denver/Hsc Denver
Grants And Contracts, Mail Stop F428
AURORA, CO 80045-2570