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Advanced Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution for Imaging in Daylight and Strong…

Award Information

Department of Defense
Award ID:
Program Year/Program:
2011 / SBIR
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Solicitation Year:
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Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Hart Scientific Consulting International
6135 N. Tucson Mountain Dr. Tucson, AZ 85743-7644
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Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No
Phase 1
Fiscal Year: 2011
Title: Advanced Multi-Frame Blind Deconvolution for Imaging in Daylight and Strong Turbulence Conditions
Agency: DOD
Contract: FA9451-11-M-0026
Award Amount: $99,794.00


We will develop new computational techniques to extend the reach of large ground-based optical systems, enabling high resolution imaging of satellites under daylight conditions. Current state-of-the-art systems, such as the 3.6 m AEOS telescope, dramatically underperform in such conditions because of strong turbulence generated by solar heating. Our approach will exploit a priori physical constraints on the imaging process that have hitherto not been incorporated or not fully exploited in MFBD algorithms. The new algorithm, which may be used with seeing-limited data or as an adjunct to partial compensation with adaptive optics, will restore imaging to the diffraction limit even under the extreme conditions of daylight observing. We will develop a numerical simulation to explore the added value of the following constraints: * Exploitation of temporal coherence in high-cadence images through an extension to a multi-layer frozen flow turbulence model. * Inclusion of simultaneous wave-front sensor information. * Constraints imposed by ratios of image spectra and by observed"zeros"in the moduli of spectra of the object and point-spread functions. * Constraints imposed through polarization and wavelength diversity imaging, and the use of multiple telescopes. In addition, we will where possible assess the performance of each constraint by evaluating the Cramer-Rao lower bounds on the variance of estimated parameters. BENEFIT: Benefits to the government are the ability to make high resolution images of satellites from ground-based optical surveillance facilities even in daylight conditions. This dramatically reduces the typical wait time to acquire an observation of a particular satellite since it relieves the requirement to wait for a particular geometrical configuration with respect to the sun. Commercial applications include: * Extending the sensitivity and range of airborne EO/IR ISR systems. * Post-processing of astronomical images taken with partial compensation using adaptive optics, thus allowing higher resolution observations at shorter wavelengths. * Image sharpening in the movie and TV industry.

Principal Investigator:

E. K. Hege
Senior Scientist
(520) 907-1857

Business Contact:

Michael Hart
(520) 419-6401
Small Business Information at Submission:

Hart Scientific Consulting International LLC
5434 E. Burns St. Tucson, AZ -

EIN/Tax ID: 943433712
Number of Employees:
Woman-Owned: No
Minority-Owned: No
HUBZone-Owned: No