Munitions Effects on Building Infrastructure Components
ABSTRACT: Functional Kill of buildings and below-ground structures is becoming an increasing area of concern for war fighters. Functional Kill refers to defeating a building by rendering it or its contents (infrastructure) functionally incapable of performing the overall mission for which the building was designed. AFRL/RWPL is seeking innovative methods to accomplish modeling of Functional Kill. ACTA proposes to develop several innovative methods for modeling building infrastructure within the Smart Target Model Generator (STMG) and to develop and validate HFPB Fast Running Models (FRM"s) for predicting the probable effects from munitions effects on the functionality of building infrastructure components. Finally, ACTA and its subcontract, ARA, will integrate the FRM"s within the enhanced STMG/MEVA framework. BENEFIT: Numerous government agencies, all military branches, and the majority of industry are required to estimate risks and maximum probable loss to buildings and facilities and their infrastructure arising from terrorist threats and accidental explosions. Existing methodologies for infrastructure vulnerability are few, largely heuristic, and do not account for uncertainty. Most demonstrated consequence models require extremely long run times and are unsuitable outside a research context. The development of HFPB Fast Running Models for predicting the probable effects of munitions on building infrastructure will remedy this widespread need. Integration of these FRM"s within STMG/MEVA will provide AFRL/RWPL with a greatly enhanced ability to assess functional kill under different scenarios, accounting for uncertainty. Availability of infrastructure component models, including distributed infrastructure, based on a modern paradigm will also greatly improve the ability of planners to mitigate potential threats and to address mission needs.
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