SBIR Phase I: Superior Spinel-perovskite Composite Catalysts for Combustion of Volatile Organic Compounds
This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project investigates a new series of low-cost non-precious metal catalysts for combustion of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as propane, hexane, toluene, ketone, alcohols, phenols, xylene and formaldehyde, for reducing VOC emissions from industry exhausts. Catalytic combustion is an efficient approach for the VOCs destruction at mild temperatures before they are released into atmosphere. This project proposes nano-sized transition metal mixed oxides with spinel and perovskite structures as catalysts for this application. Due to the interactions between the spinels and perovskites, the composite catalysts are expected to exhibit excellent performance in complete oxidation of VOCs to CO2 and H2O at 200-400C, with less cost than traditional precious metal based catalysts. In this project, nano-size powder catalysts will be synthesized with various methods, tested for VOCs combustion, and characterized by physical and chemical methods. The promising catalysts will be scaled up, washcoated in monoliths, and evaluated under real VOCs combustion conditions in Phase II project. The generated information can provide new insights into understanding activation process of O2 and small organic molecules and their interactions on the transition metal oxide catalyst surface. The data will be utilized to understand VOC oxidation behavior and design more active VOC combustion catalysts in the future. The generated information can also be applied to develop active catalysts for combustion of H2, CO, soot, natural gas, light hydrocarbons and other fuels. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project can help abate the VOCs emissions because the VOCs can be completely oxidized to CO2 and H2O on the catalyst surface before they are released into air. Since VOCs are toxic to human health and contribute to a number of environmental problems (e.g., photochemical smog), environmental legislation has imposed increasingly stringent targets for permitted levels of atmospheric emissions. As compared to the conventional Pd and Pt containing catalysts, the substitution with non-precious metal catalysts could drastically improve the combustion efficiency and also reduce the cost of the combustion system, which allows VOC catalytic combustion technology to be more widely used in the world for reducing air pollution.
Small Business Information at Submission:
NEXTECH MATERIALS LTD
404 ENTERPRISE DR LEWIS CENTER, OH 43035-9423
Number of Employees: